›—20 œ‘—œ‘ 4.5

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Transcript of  ›—20 œ‘—œ‘ 4.5

  1. 1. 20 4: 4.5: Hamilton Hamilton
  2. 2. . . 1. Hamilton 1. 2. Hamilton 3. Hamilton . 2 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton . 1. 2. 3.
  3. 3. . ( Hamilton) : : : 3 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton : :
  4. 4. B. 1. Hamilton 1. 4 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton : Hamilton;
  5. 5. B. 1. Hamilton 1. 5 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton : Hamilton, : n . 2
  6. 6. B. 1. Hamilton 2. Hamilton 6 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton Hamilton 3 : 1. ( Hamilton 2. o Dirac:2. o Dirac: 1. n/2 Hamilton ( n>3 ) 3. o Ore: 1. n Hamilton ( n>3 ) ( ) . Hamilton , Hamilton. () Hamilton. NP-Complete ( 30)
  7. 7. B. 1. Hamilton 3. Hamilton 7 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton Hamilton 4 . 1. 2. 3. 3. 4. 1 5. Hamilton Hamilton 2 > 2 2 Hamilton. Hamilton, . 2 Hamilton.
  8. 8. B. 1. Hamilton 3. Hamilton 8 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton 1: Hamilton: Hamilton. Hamilton 2. v1 2. 3 : 1. [v1,v4]. v4 1. .Hamilton 2. [v1,v5]. v5 1. .Hamilton 3. [v1,v3]. v3 1. .Hamilton Hamilton
  9. 9. B. 1. Hamilton 3. Hamilton 9 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton 2: Hamilton: Hamilton. Hamilton 2. v4 2. 6 : 1. [v4,v1], [v4,v6]. v1 1. .Hamilton 2. [v4,v1], [v4,v5]. v1 1. .Hamilton
  10. 10. B. 1. Hamilton 3. Hamilton 10 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton (.) 3. [v4,v1], [v4,v2]. v1 1. .Hamilton 4. [v4,v6], [v4,v5]. v3 . .Hamilton 5. [v4,v6], [v4,v2]. v2 1. .Hamilton 6. [v4,v5], [v4,v2]. v2 1. .Hamilton Hamilton Hamilton, >2 2, ...
  11. 11. . 1 11 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton 2008 4 Hamilton . ) 6 9 . 2 Hamilton . ) G n . G 3n / 2 . ) n 3, Kn,n , Hamilton . n,n Hamilton . : ) 3,3 . Hamilton. 6 4 2 5 3 1 6 4 2 5 3 11 2 4 6 3 5 ) 3, 2 Hamilton. 3n , 3n/2
  12. 12. . 1 12 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton 2008 ) Kn,n Hamilton . 5 6 3 4 21 1 2 43 65 2n-1 2n 2n-1 2n Hamilton (1, 2, 3, 4, ..., 2n-1, 2n, 1). Hamilton, {1, 2} , 1, 4, 3, 2, 5, Hamilton. (1, 4, 3, 2, 5, 6, , 2n-1, 2n, 1) . 1 2 43 65 2n-1 2n
  13. 13. . 2 13 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton 2011 , Hamilton , . ) K5 Hamilton . ) Kn , , Hamilton. : ) 5 . Hamilton u1 u2 u3u4 u5 2 5 1 4 3 u u u u u
  14. 14. . 2 14 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton 2011 ) 2n = Hamilton. nK , 2n , , Hamilton. 1nK + . u . u , () nK Hamilton p x y . ux (. u x ) 1nK + Hamilton u ux p . , yu 1nK + Hamilton u ux p . , yu 1nK + Hamilton p u . u x xu u y , uy . ( ), u ( u u ), p v w , vu uw. 1nK + x p v . vu uw p w y .
  15. 15. . 1 15 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton
  16. 16. . 2 16 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton Hamilton . (3) 1 Hamilton.
  17. 17. . 3 17 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton Hamilton ( )
  18. 18. . 4 18 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton Hamilton : 2. 2.
  19. 19. . 1 19 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton ; 1.1. EulerEuler HamiltonHamilton, , EulerEuler HamiltonHamilton 2.2. HamiltonHamilton 2.2. HamiltonHamilton HamiltonHamilton 3.3. EulerEuler EulerEuler 4.4. ToTo m,nm,n EulerEuler m+nm+n
  20. 20. . 2 20 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton ; , G(V, E) , G'(V, E'), ', G ( ), G' . 1.1. HamiltonHamilton1.1. HamiltonHamilton 2.2. .. 3.3. EulerEuler.. 4.4. . .
  21. 21. . 3 21 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton n2 Hamilton Euler. 1.1. 2, 2, HamiltonHamilton EulerEuler.. 2.2. 2, 2, EulerEuler HamiltonHamilton.. 3.3. , , EulerEuler HamiltonHamilton.. 4.4. HamiltonHamilton , , ..
  22. 22. . 1 22 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton 4 6 : 1. Hamilton Euler 2. Hamilton Euler 3. Hamilton Euler 4. Hamilton Euler
  23. 23. . 2 23 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton . Km,n,k ,, m,n k , . 1. 2,4,6 Hamilton1. 2,4,6 Hamilton 2. Kn,2n,3n Hamilton.
  24. 24. . 3 24 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton Kn Hamilton n3.
  25. 25. . 4 25 , 20, 4.5: Hamilton Hamilton: