πªY äGhOCG øWGƒe º««≤àd äGQó≤dGh ∞©°†dG .»ŸÉ©dG ∫ɪYC’G ∫hóL (2010

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Transcript of πªY äGhOCG øWGƒe º««≤àd äGQó≤dGh ∞©°†dG .»ŸÉ©dG ∫ɪYC’G ∫hóL (2010

  • Y GhOCGWGe d

    GQdGh dGLe FU e

    84700-VCA-Toolbox-cover_A.qxd 16.5.2008 11:03 Page 1

  • dG YCG hL(2010 - 2006) dhdG Od

    cS ,G G GdG ie Y OGRGMEG hdG Od cG

    :ddG jdhCGh GgCG

    `aGgCG

    :hCG dGIadG M OY J.QGdG Y JG QKBGh HUEGh

    :dG dGIadG M OY JVGeCG Y JG QKBGh VGeCGh

    .edG dH G QGdG Mh

    :ddG dGG G IQb IOjRdGh MCG dGh G GhSG M cC dG Y MCG

    .MEG

    :HGdG dGeGch dG GMG fOSGh dGh dG e Gh fEG

    .YLG

    J M LGe J -`JjdhCGe LMG

    Gh QGdG LGe Y JQb IUCG Y edG dG FQdG

    ;dhdGh bEGh G

    G G e fCG Je jbdGh dG i VdG

    ;QGdG Wfl e Gh VGeCG

    IUGh dG Se IOjR ;Shah RjEG

    UH IUG fCG jCH Sh jdhCG GP ffEG jdGdGh QdH UdGh dG ae

    .QGdG Wfl e G Jh

    hdG OGMCG dGh MCG dG

    ddG Gg e mAL CH OSG hCG NCG d CG EG LJ hCG f hCG

    NJ hO fi LMG d JdG hdG OG e e

    cP jT ,MCG dGh MCG.VH QG

    :QdGhdG OG

    2007

    MCG dG hdG OGMCG dGh

    372 :jdG hU19 L/1211 GjS

    +41 22 730 4222 :`JdG bQ+41 22 733 0395 :cdG bQ

    :hdG jdGsecretariat@ifrc.org:ffG T Y bGwww.ifrc.org

    84700-VCA-Toolbox-cover_A.qxd 16.5.2008 11:03 Page 4

  • 1

    ```j``G aYh T````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````5

    ee``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````6

    dG GhOCG GSG c````````````````````````````````````````````````9

    dG SSCG````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````11 cQG````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````11

    dGh MdGh bKG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````12

    YdG He dG dG``````````````````````````````````````````````````14

    dG Wh GhOCGh Y Y eY ``````````````````17 dG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````17

    GhOCG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````18

    dG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````22

    GSd GhOCG e CG QNG``````````````````````````````````````````23

    HG GQdG g e``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````27

    d LG FdG````````````````````````````````````````````````281 bQ fdG QOe L``````````````````````````````````````````````````28

    2 bQ dGh RdG````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````30

    3 bQ cQdG dG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````32

    4 bQWGe d LPdG OG J

    GQdGh dG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````37

    5 bQ aCG eGH Vh IQOe````````````````````````````````````````````38

    dG GhOCG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````47

    d LG FdG````````````````````````````````````````````````481 bQ jfdG QOG VGSG````````````````````````````````````````````48

    84700-VCA-Toolbox_A.qxd 19.5.2008 10:41 Page 1

  • 2 bQ d SSCG N fH``````````````````````````````````````54

    3 bQ G T HG````````````````````````````````````````````````````60

    4 bQ AG Y be````````````````````````````````````````````````66

    5 bQ ITG MG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````71

    6 bQ GQdG FGN``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````75

    7 bQ YSG dG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````86

    8 bQ SG dG````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````92

    9 bQ jQJ QJ / jQJ If``````````````````````````````````````98

    10 bQ G QGG/G SCG V WGe J``````````105

    11 bQ LGG JGSGh RdG c S ``````````109

    12 bQ YLGh SDG dG J``````````````````````````119

    13 bQ dG G GQb J````````````````````````````````````122

    14 bQVdG `pa SQ``````````````````````````````````````````````````126

    d LG FdG````````````````````````````````````````````````````1331 bQ YG QaCG YGJ``````````````````````````````````````````````133

    2 bQ JdG J````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````138

    4 bQ jQGG jdG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````143

    5 bQ cG IT````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````150

    6 bQ kjS dG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````160

    aCG eGH Vh IQOe :e``````````````````````````````````````````1691 IGdG ````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````169

    2 IGfG efd jj SGQO````````````````````````````````````````173

    3 IG?dG fG KDJ c````````````````````````````````````````174

    4 IGjH GQN OjEG``````````````````````````````````````````````````````176

    5 IGdG QGJ``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````177

    LGG````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````179

    MCG dGh MCG dG hdG OG 2

    84700-VCA-Toolbox_A.qxd 19.5.2008 10:41 Page 3

  • TCG1 dG dG WGe d FGLEG dG QWEG

    jQG J IQhO GQdGh````````````````````````````16

    2 dG fdG d QGG Y QaCG ``````````````````144

    3 dGAG Y e G eG

    FQ VGe HQCG ``````````````````````````````````````````````144

    4 dGQOe KK e fdG AGLCG

    eR Ga K EG 145

    5 dG eG QOe J``````````````````````````````````````````````148

    6 dG hCG GNG{HZz eG``````````````````````````````````````149

    GQWEG1 QWEG G````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````10

    GhOCGGQdGh dG WGe d Y3

    84700-VCA-Toolbox_A.qxd 19.5.2008 10:41 Page 2

  • 84700-VCA-Toolbox_A.qxd 19.5.2008 10:41 Page 5

  • aYh TIQGOEGh IG d HdG dhdG dG b e YH KdG g f

    ,HhQhCG Od ffEG hDdG HdG ffEG GYd edG

    - H gGZh ,jQH Sh ,fZ L kjCG f CG Of c

    .KdG g fEG dG g ,jQH jEGh ,RfS

    LQCG - GQdGh dG WGe J Y jQJ - AG Y WCG

    2004 Y

    GhOCGGQdGh dG WGe d Y5

    84700-VCA-Toolbox_A.qxd 19.5.2008 10:41 Page 4

  • 6

    ```e``GJ EG J cQJ Y g GQdGh dG WGe J EGGQdGh ,WG d VJh ,G J SdG LGj dG WGWGe J N eh .gQKBG e TfGh QNCG LG jd dGG G e dG WdG d ,GQdGh dGGQe e jd e Y OYH e d GN PJGh WG jdSdG YJ GQdGh dG WGe J a ;kLEGh ,IQOeh aeh

    .gQKBG e dGh ,QGc EG dG e eh ,QNCd gCdG Y

    ,dG g V HS Ye dG WG kJ cGQdGhflh ,GQdGh dG WGe d OGYEG c nJ ,

    cQH kGj j e hf ,KdG g h .M d HG UdG.eG G GhOCG e aJ Lj eh dG AGLEG

    Yf GP HCG ,IQdGh dG WG LPdG dG hj dG jQGh eGdG J VGZC fH Y d,H C dH G g ch .dGh WG J LCG e J,dG GgCH kGTe kWJQG JJ eCJ dG eG EaGQGdG aCG PJG e dG eG Y dG Y CG

    fG) GgCd ah dGhkJ cGQdGh dG WGJ Y e be fi g ,eY H ,dh .(32 - 30 U

    :j e J ,GQdGh dG WGe

    d NG j CG dG SSCG N J ee;QGdG YCG FQdG LMG

    ;ahG QNCGh WG EG dH H Gd G a

    ;QNCGh WG g Y LGe Y JGdG JGQd G GQOEG

    QKBG eRdG GAGLEG Y G dGh G H JG;e G hCG QNCG

    .WG e Gh gCdGh jbdG U GP jQe jJ

    Xe ej CG fl cQJ GhOCG g dG GhOCG J

    ch .GQdGh dG WG Lf J AGLE WdG G Yeh

    84700-VCA-Toolbox_A.qxd 19.5.2008 10:41 Page 7

  • HQCG e eT S V AL g GhOCG J Ea ,fOCG SdG e g

    .GQdGh dG WGe J fGL L hJ GQG e AGLCG

    :kGOfi kVZ J FKdG g e ch

    -1?GQdGh dG WGe J g ed ee ,hCG QG -Oah Xeh WdG G EG Le GQdGh dG WGe

    .AcdGh fG Gh hdG OG

    -2GQdGh dG WG kJ c-dO ,dG QGXe LCG e GQdGh dG WGe J AGLE IH IN

    .WdG G Yeh

    -3GQdGh dG WGe d Y GhOCGW j ,ddG QG -.eG L J e Ye Y GSG c Jh dG

    -4GQdGh dG WGe J AGLEG Y jQd dO-QG.dN eh dG SQ d c IQU jQd dO ,HGdG

    dG WGe J S GQG L H aGJ GOSEG ghY GhOCG FG VGG VH o`J d GQdGh

    .GQdGh dG WGe J

    ehSSCGdG ,GQdGh dG WGe d dG GhOCG IAGb b Qa ,jH dG g jQe hCG IAGHWGe J g e

    ?GQdGh dGG jh ,G Gg AGQh jdG jH dG S V dGh GQdG WGe J jh ,SSCG

    GhOCGGQdGh dG WGe d Y7

    J g e?GQdGh dGWGe

    d Y GhOCGGQdGh dG WGe

    AGLEG Y jQd dOGQdGh dG WGe J

    kJ cGQdGh dG WG

    84700-VCA-Toolbox_A.qxd 19.5.2008 10:41 Page 6

  • Qe eCG .YGQdGh dG WG kJ cNCa.dGh GQdG WGe J Y ec N IH IN kjQJ

    dG GhOCG GSG Ea ,dG H ae cCG UCG bh ,BGh

    H dG Wh L CG J CG j ,Gd ,kVGh S

    .a GhOCG g IAGb Y kGOSG GQdGh dG WG

    hLT e YdG Ghj CG WdG G X j ,G NCG Wh L e hCG ,WdG JL WCG NGO kAGS IG hP e

    Ggh , bEG / dG hdG OG ah e hCG ,G{ LG dG

    dGh GQdG WGe J z,dG g N LJ feEH

    Y j h ,IOG ShQdG WJh ,G dGG Y JYeh

    WGe J Y MGe c AKCG kGOLe j CG LG dG Gg

    .LG dG Yd bCG Y OLh j dh ,dGh GQdG

    MCG dGh MCG dG hdG OG 8

    2006 Y ,Jd FSG SGQO

    84700-VCA-Toolbox_A.qxd 19.5.2008 10:41 Page 9

  • GSG cdG GhOCG

    J Y dG AG AGLEG d ke kMT g dG GhOCG J

    Fd SG GhOCG QNG cYSh ,GQdGh dG WGe

    a j eh ,feJ ch e Jh H UG VdG

    .L j dG eH

    J c ,eGSGh dG dG fl M eY b CGJh

    KDJ dG ,dGh MdGh bKGh ,cQG e H G jdG

    .e Y dG eG Yfh d cJ c Y

    e S a ,f GhOCd fl QG Gg e cCG AGh

    GSd Fe ch ,GhOCG g Y dhCG eY J hGG

    J a ,dEG LdG dh ,GQdGh dG WGe H dG

    .dGh ,dGh ,dG :bCG KK EG G GhOCG

    FU T dH iNCG J IMGh GhOCG VY dP H j

    jGda ,Led Le FH(PRS)CH J J ,S dP j .fdG e edG Y IOfi Y GSG c

    d Le FU(RRS).dG GhOCG fl J EG dO g , e OY g ,kGNCGhd LG FdG(MRS)ee O ,

    YLG N G G e d fl Wh JGSG

    ,1 d LG dG CG) be U ch .dG Mh

    Y dEG Qjh ,(3 d LG dG ,2 d LG dG

    ja AYCG Y jRJh gjJ h ,QG Gg c dG Gg

    SG j fCG H ,kfGe eGS GQdGh dG WGe J

    b GQdGh dG WGe J ja j CG H EG LG FdG

    g GSG Y kjQJ J b j CGh KdG H jGQO Y UCG

    .G GhOCG

    G

    SG

    c

    dG

    GhO

    CG

    dG

    dG

    GhOCG

    ```

    `dG`

    `M`

    G9

    84700-VCA-Toolbox_A.qxd 19.5.2008 10:41 Page 8

  • IOLG dG GhOC ,J H ,K GhOCG e chQeG d Y GhOCGfeC NGdG dG be Y Me gh ,

    OG(https//:www.fednet.ifrc.org/).

    fl Y J e a Y JYe g g dG GhOCG e IdGh

    NCG j eh ,G e dG c dch ,dG TCG

    c Y HLEG J d