π````ª`©`dG - .ø`e á``dÉ°SQ ΩÉ©dG ô`jóŸG ‘ QGô≤dG ÜÉë°UCGh IOÉ≤dG øe...

download π````ª`©`dG - .ø`e á``dÉ°SQ ΩÉ©dG ô`jóŸG ‘ QGô≤dG ÜÉë°UCGh IOÉ≤dG øe ójó©dG

of 19

  • date post

    01-Dec-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    224
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of π````ª`©`dG - .ø`e á``dÉ°SQ ΩÉ©dG ô`jóŸG ‘ QGô≤dG ÜÉë°UCGh IOÉ≤dG øe...

  • ```eY I``f

    2006 ,dG dH UG jdG

    ``````dGk ``````e

    ``dG ``LCG `e

    Overview_A20006.indd iOverview_A20006.indd i 28.3.2006 16:15:0428.3.2006 16:15:04

  • 2006 dG dG e

    e ,adG hDT IQGOEG e dG dG e GQe Y G h .Xfi G L

    ;+41 22 2476 791 :bQ Jg) 20Avenue Appia,1211Geneva27,Switzerland ,dG dG

    W SQEG jh .(bookorders@who.int) :hdEG jdG GY ;+41 22 791 4857 :bQ ca

    EG QdG Z jRdG hCG dG VGZC LJ hCG G GQe SH PEG Y G jdG GY ;+41 22 791 4806 :bQ ca) cdG HdG GdG Y adG hDT IQGOEG

    .(permissions@who.int :hdEG

    dG dG e CGQ Y kbWEG J ,H IOQGdG OGG VY jWh ,IQG g eG dGh

    .eJ hCG gOhM j CH hCG ,e CG d hCG ,e hCG ,je hCG ,bEG hCG ,H C fdG VdG CH

    .ec JG H dM Lj b jJ jOhM kWN FGG Y WG G h

    b e H Ue hCG Ie Gh cdG g CG j e fU L e hCG cT cP CG c

    G ASCG ,dGh CG GY ah .cP Oj h K gGS Y d J ,dG dG e

    .FG MCH G G

    dP eh .IQG g IOQGdG eG e d dG WMG c dG dG e JG bh

    g QdGh .kV e H CG jU H cCG AGS f CG e V CG hO RJ IQG OGG Ea

    SG Y JJ dG QGVCG Y M CH dhDe d Gh .IQG OGG SGh J Y hDG

    .OGG g

    :dG GdG e IQG H UG eG Y G hWorld Health Report World Health OrganizationGeneva 27, Switzerland 1211E-mail: whr@who.int

    :dG hdEG jdG GY jW Y edG jdG Yh IQG g e of Y G W h

    bookorders@who.int

    ch .(Sd YGdG eGh qdG IFGO ,YG dG jG) fjEG J e eY LH 2006 dG dH UG jd edG dG OGYEG

    jc e IY ;QhR SHh ,ZHd a hh ,aGJ Gah ,jS GQHQHh ,fGOS jQh ,fjEG Jh ,fjEG aGOh ,J dd g FdG dDG

    .dhO eQch jjGO . jfe e c jdG Y dG GTEH bh .Sfe e GLh jfGTCG

    ,djO Lh ,TH Lh ,afdH jOh ,QcheCG je n pb e jf Meh Meh YL VGSGh ge T Ie Ne J h

    fgjh ,jffg jJHh ,jQO HQfh ,jQO jSh ,RH GO jQe n pb e dG dG eg ge J c .H e GQHQHh ,c e JQeh

    .OGYEG GSCG e H eJ Fb edG jdG OJh .jhS fh ,GRS CGh ,OSGH eCGh ,Se Zgh ,ec Jh ,c

    QZh ShH T e c fEGh IQGOEGh jdG YO J Jh .fec GQHQHh ,a a d jdG j Jh .jH eJ jdG je bh Qe ebh .VdG TCG FSh ffEG be Y dH UG dG OGYEH fc Z bh .aGZJdG QdH UG dG H kjCG ebh ,chh

    .G QdG H fa

    bOU VQ :dG

    bOU VQh QGjEG S :fG

    fGZ aSc :TCG

    Rjc FaGQ :dG hDT J

    fa W

    Overview_A20006.indd iiOverview_A20006.indd ii 28.3.2006 16:15:0728.3.2006 16:15:07

  • `e ``dSQdG `jG

    QGdG UCGh IOdG e jdG dCS dG jG e JCG CG bh ,2003 Y AGS ,cG VGG MCG ch .fGH Mhe fhj dG jdG gCG Y dG

    .jdG OQGG eRCG g ,edG GdG CG eG GdG CG ,Y HH j dG Ggh .kGL HQG dG edG ee f gh edG Ig e ,Ye SCh .Se LM dEG dG GdG JhQP j dh e dG dG edG idG YOh J Y GdG J ,Jah hCG Ve hCG dG

    .adH dGh IG b Y AdG SdG Ua q CG fCT j dG edG jQJ dh .dG odG jJ kjM kGY dG ojh .SDG G hCG fYEG eh OGaCG e QSG dP JCjh .Gh bdH kGc kGQSG .fS Y dH G JGN OJ d IgG edG gGb ASG EG GdG h e GS gJh eCG Tj iNCG ceCG dG EG dG edG gj ea

    .jdG GQOCG QSG keb G c Y AGQBG aGJ CG Lj h ,kGTe kM d G J Mh hdG YCG e S IM Y H c dG jJ jh .QG Gg BG q dG gh ,UGh dG YdG e YdG GWCG H ce jGf OLhh dG eG jhJ Y PdG UCGh G j e Hh ,LJh dG edG eN hX YO hCG If de eGdG J j e H dch ,edH

    .dG Ic dPh ,YG qdG VY N e VJ AYEG jdG Gg jh

    .LdG eRCG J Mh e f hCG

    hh - fL QcdGdG jG

    dG dG e

    1

    Overview_A20006.indd Sec1:1Overview_A20006.indd Sec1:1 28.3.2006 16:15:0728.3.2006 16:15:07

  • `eY I`f

    edG idG gCG dG j jdGh OG dG e hCG dG Gg N eG e L EG kL fEG aY Y CGW dG FdG kGc kLGJ dG dG Ge f fh .jdG ,GdG aCG e H eCG dG Se e Z ZCG eCG dG Se ie f EG fG M dG ShH ihdGh RjCG OGY EG dP ijh ,GdG ,idG AGdG L jaCG e e AfCG SG

    SfG g MU bh .dhO IY KG Y Hj JSDe QfG dG hdG e OY EG ij c e ,IjG jG VGeCG QNCG e ,AGdG Y IdG GdGh dG GdG ,Xe hfl e ,zIG{ cdG YGh QdG GffCGh (SQS) NdG OG FdG dG eRe

    .G dGh dG HGVG

    J CG d ke dG Y EG" d aJ jdG dG edG eN Y jh IQH jh aGG jb c Oa c he YdG

    ."dG e e CG hh fL QcdG2005 af /dG jJ ,jQH ,iG adG iG

    d LddGh dG OQGG e j e dG G idh Hj dG WdG dG odG e a dP eh ,dG G J eCGh .kjCG feCG Yh ,dGdG Yh HSG Y IQdG Yh dG hdG fL EG WdG G d SdG IOGQEG aGJ g BG QhdG VGeCG d e U of ebEGh aG Jh OQGG M LCG e hdG jjb U eY OGYEG Y Z h .dG U jJh e jbdGh H S VJ dG dG Y dG LCG e YdGh aGG d aJ c eN YU dG jYdG oJh .dGh WdG dG eGG ,d SSCG dG hoj dG jYdG eN ee CG c .ddG e jbdG hajh ,Jfeh eBG jh ,fYjh VG hhGj a dGh aG H ffEG HGdG a ,G WG e hjh VGeCG

    .dG

    idG J U f c U h H gh .dH AJQd SG dG edG H HjEG U g CG Y J dG SGh fh dG dG Hh Yfh edG OY WCGh qVdG AH eh dhCG jYdG J Jh .(1 dG fG) IG b Y eCGh jRJ ach AWCG Yf H keRJ g CG dG VGeCG HjEG FG Hh jdG AS Ea dP e dG Yh .FYdG XG OY J e WCG H kbJ OGOj edG j eYh .dG b UEG AKCG YdH UG dG MCG NOEH fCG Y dH ej fEa dG jYdG

    3

    Overview_A20006.indd Sec1:3Overview_A20006.indd Sec1:3 3.4.2006 11:58:383.4.2006 11:58:38

  • 2006 ,dG dH UG jdG 4

    dG odG h .QHG Ua j d j ja Vh e H j kGfh ,Lh aCG e ,iNCG OQGG c GSG G Y jdG HHdGh fdG QhO edG ODj

    .GSEH eGSG ,QhdG dH Gej GPEG ,hCG ,H GOGeEGh MdGh jhOCG

    dG edG idG IQU J gh CG dP eh ,dG LCG e QeCH f ,iNCG hCG Me ,kL fEG G Y j gh jhGG MCG hCG ,G EG jdGh j gh HG hCG ,H kL g dG edG{ CG jdG Gg ijh .IfG J hCG jYdG aJ dG G jJ e Gg jh .zdG jJ g hCG ag YCG kSSCG Wj SfoCG J gh ,dG g hCG ag j dG fCG c J fCH dG od ,dG eG eeh VG e AcdGh ,ISCG OGaCG e jYdG eN ee fCG

    .G edGh dG YGh (AdG Sh) ZG Z edGh QOGh ddG eh ,WdG OGdG fd IjG dG EG OSHh L LCG Y j jdG ZG dG edG OY G QJ ,FMEG SDe j ADgh .(1 hG fG) eY e 592 Y j dG AfCG e H J dG dG eGdG e) dG g SSCG gQhO U Z e j jdG aVEG dG edG Y ka (eM Z hCG eM GOY hCG cdG GOY jdG FNCG e) dG J dG G dG dCj H ,dG dG edG idG K dG eG ee jh .(SQGG

    .dG YdGh IQGOEG edG e G dG dG e CGj kGAL j dh ,a OGaCc edG j h kYJ GdG Jh .fl FXh ODjh fl GQ Y c a oj dG edG EG jdG edG a .dG dG H J dG GQG Y kFg eCG .OdG G Z bEG 1:15 Hh jaCG bEG 1:8 H kjJ hGJ AWCG jdGh ,Gc W c He jdG edG e HQCG f a GdG e bCG EG Gh QhOdGh hHh T e c dG g J H ,jeCG IG SSCG GAdG Y NG gh .W c He jdG MGh eY jeh edG dG FNCG jdG dG e ,G S Y ,j e ,ed ,AWCG e %70 e cCG QcdG j ,LPdG MdG eh .Ic GH dG jYdG RGdG e NG gh ,jdG edG e %70 e cCG fEG oJ H

    .UG dG Kh ,dG dG edG K cjh .G H

    !GhQCG hj dG edG 1 dGI

    G

    b

    Y A

    dG

    MG

    Je

    Je

    WCG AHIG b Y

    eCG AHIG b Y

    dG edG ac

    VdG AHIG b Y

    ee

    Overview_A20006.indd Sec1:4Overview_A20006.indd Sec1:4 28.3.2006 16:15:1128.3.2006 16:15:11

  • `````eY I`````f5

    G dbCG M ,dG dG edG idG 1 hG

    G bEG

    dG edG idG LEGdG eG ee YdGh IQGOEG edG

    dG

    OdG d) adG(f 1000OdG

    LE jG dGdG edG idGOdG

    LE jG dGdG edG idG

    jaCG1 640 0009^31 360 00083 280 00017

    SG T7 040 000434 730 000672 300 00033SBG T L2 100 000401 580 00075 520 00025

    OdG G Z10 070 000587 810 000782 260 00023HhQhCG16 630 00018911 540 000695 090 00031

    jeCG21 740 00024812 460 000579 280 00043``dG59 220 000939 470 0006719 750 0033

    IQGOEG edG OGYCG aGJ dG GdH j ah .S MCG J dG G L :Me.edG G GP Gd bEG SG EG OSH GjJ YoCG jd dG YdGh

    dG dG e :G Qe.Global Atlas of the Health Workforce (http:///www.who.int/globalatlas/default.asp)p

    Gh VG :cG idG gh ,eCG GfGh OLEG jGJ e dG AfCG L dG odG edG j .(2 dG fG) jL Hh b H kib gh ,idG e Ie Y j dGh ,dG U OJ dG QNCG GdG FHdGh aGdG da bJh LddG dGh jdG SdG eCG .d dG edG idG Y j odG edG idG Y dG Fg EG ODJ CG QeCG a ,G dG ddG GSCG XdG eCGh UdG Y G EG edG jh .dG

    .dG SdG ObG e kGAL J dGh ,ejdG

    edG id cG idG :2 dG

    dG LMGaGdG eGdG

    VG AYHhCG

    dG odGjdG

    LddGG aCG

    ``dGdGh ddG

    dG dG MUEGdG

    O``dGGaEG/dG

    GQG YdG dG RGJ

    ``jRdG(jdG/G) kNGO

    dhdG IdG

    dG hXjdG

    dG Z aGG

    dG ceCG feCe

    ``cG i``dG edG idG ce

    Overview_A20006.indd Sec1:5Overview_A20006.indd Sec1:5 3.4.2006 12:16:573.4.2006 12:16:57

  • h .L GjJh Wflh Fg Y AYCG ShH ihdGh RjCG AHh QfG Vjh XdG J EG dG jdG QWEG dG b UEG iOCG GdG e dG OGeEG He EG iOCG ,dG edG J QSG e Gh dG dG WG G edG cJ J EG ddG GSCG SJ iOCGh .dG jH dG edG idG eRCG Jh .gZCG EG GdG aCG e dhdG IdG IJh jJh jG ,GQG Y eAG Yh OG dH GdG aCG e jY dP Y JJ

    .eG J GdH dch ie fG GPEG jd G e j edG idG ad fOCG kGM G Vhh jQhdG NdG dP ,SSCG NdH dG e mY ie Y adG GjdG J Y kAHh .(3 dG fG) dH dG GP dCd FEG eGG d edGh AWCG e e 24 , kLEG ,Qbh kGjT kGY j kGH 57 kdM g AGdG L jaCG e JhQP dG M e dG jh .HGdGh jdG M H SBG T L bEG kGL Je OdG dG CG e ZdG Y ,idG OY JQG e L EG kL dG dG Gg Lj e kGc fCG bQG eh .dG c N FdG dG G bQG g eh .dG Y WdG dG G fh ,dG Y IdG UG ddG GSCGh dG f EG eG Z GQG g

    .SdG NdGh ,WGbhdG HdG GP dG SdG GAGLEGh ,edG GeCG a .jRdG h GQG Y NG H kGJ dG e OGOJh kGL kSJ kjCG dG gdGh OdG OhG G GQe SJ GdG e c SG GQG Y ddG g jh .dG LMd G JG e

    edGh AWCG) dG eG ee kGjT kf J dG GdG :3 dG(HGdGh jdG

    dG dG e :G Qe.Global Atlas of the Health Workforce (http:///www.who.int/globalatlas/default.ass)p

    62006 ,dG dH UG jdG

    kGjT kf J dG GdG

    kGjT kf J dG GdG

    Overview_A20006.indd Sec1:6Overview_A20006.indd Sec1:6 28.3.2006 16:15:1228.3.2006 16:15:12

  • `````eY I`````f7

    edG e c LGjh .dG IQGOEGh dG SdGh edG dG ,YGdG Z IQGOEGh ,dG IFGO edG J dG QLCG e ,d e Y H kjJ GdG e jh .XdG bdG Ua Vh ,dG Z ,YLG jdGh g dh ,jdG WG dGh jG WG cdH j dG jRdG AS e dGh ,d HdG jeCG bEa .bEG QG e kcHQEG cCG J b NG