∞æ©dG ≈∏Y AÉ°†≤dG ∫ÉØWC’G ó° .Éæà«°†b πØ£dG ájɪMh .∫ÉØWC’G

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Transcript of ∞æ©dG ≈∏Y AÉ°†≤dG ∫ÉØWC’G ó° .Éæà«°†b πØ£dG ájɪMh .∫ÉØWC’G

  • 2007 - 13 ``bQ ``f`d ``dO

    dG Y AdGWCG V

    hdG `dG O`Gfj

    h

    dG

    `

    dG O

    `G

    WC

    G V

    dG

    Y A

    dG

    fj

    .G fCH d j e S e WCG e d{ H Gj CGh ,VG fOYH f fhj CG hjj fEG

    .zdG dG e jG

    hH LS dhHG GIG Cd dG eCG SGQdWCG V dG M

    Eliminating Violence_Cover_A.ind1 1Eliminating Violence_Cover_A.ind1 1 1.7.2008 14:52:421.7.2008 14:52:42

  • dG Y AdGWCG V

    Eliminating Violence_A.indd 1Eliminating Violence_A.indd 1 26.8.2008 11:56:2426.8.2008 11:56:24

  • b dG ojMh .WCG V dG e edG o

    fdG f eMG GPEG EG dG e Q qdG j dh .kL

    .LGdG g e e dYCG fch WCG JLGh

    ,fGd dG dG Y HbdGh ,jdG S ja

    ,Yue H .dG CGdG Mh dG OQGG Jh

    .WCG IM dG f CG f

    Sc hf pjOa - H

    hdG dG OG FQ

    Eliminating Violence_A.indd 2Eliminating Violence_A.indd 2 26.8.2008 11:56:2626.8.2008 11:56:26

  • 3

    ``e`e

    odG ,YLG dGh ,dG f Rhj a .OhG j WCG V aj dGj e WCG g ,dG hO e dhO c a .adGh jdGh

    .dG e eCe IMGh e hCG MGh H g d .d fjh dG

    .WCG jM Y aGG W Gfj CG FYCGh fdG eEH .dG OQGG Jh ,eG f Y HbdH dGh ,jdG YSa jH YdG IOjR kjCG j fdG Ea ,Jh dhO IOb Hh Vd ,Nf ShCG ,IYdG Y hQOb fCG g dP e gCG qdh .WCG WCG V dG iJ dG GGh bGd dG feEHh .d xM WCG V dG CG gOe dSQ Ghj CG gQhh .QV Z hCG kM kGeCG Gg AfE HG SdG IOGQEG Ghj CG jh .e jbdG o dCe

    .dG e dG

    dG HG Y ,ac dG AfCG ,fdGh fdG j d e ddG Gg njh .zWCG V dG M IG Cd dG eCG SGQO{ Ud d qdGh dG eCG SGQO{ jJ e kUf ,dd RdG PEG Y G H ,ddG Gg dG M dG jdG{ eh ,IG Cd edG G EG G zIG Cd f kjS hdG j a ddG Gd ie HCG dG eCG .dG zWCG V

    .WCG V dG TCG L Y FdG AdG

    .SGh IASEGh ,dG e Jfe kac dG UCG ,kej WCG UGj fdG gAYCGh fdG ddG Gg uoSh .VdG Gg J fdG jh

    .eGch eCH j CG W c a j Y OjEG IYG e

    fL . SQfCGdG eCG

    hdG dG OG

    a . .BGjdG IjG(fj) dd IG CG e

    Eliminating Violence_A.indd 3Eliminating Violence_A.indd 3 26.8.2008 11:56:2626.8.2008 11:56:26

  • aYh T

    nhJ dG OG Yj dG ddG Gg fE fdGh hdG dG OG .WCG V dG TCG L Y AdG f kjS d hdG dJ dG HH ac dG AfCG fdGh fdG b jJ EG ddG jh

    z.WCG V dG M IG Cd dG eCG SGQO{ Ud d qdGh

    Cd dG eCG SGQd{ G G ,zhH LS dhH{ d jdGh dG eSEG e L e qb e Y SGQdG feCh ,zWCG V dG M IG dG eCG SGQO{ jJ e GAMEGh Uf SbH dG Yh ,ddG Gg M dG dG jdG eh ,zIG Cd edG G EG qG IG Cd

    .WCG V dG

    dGh dGh jdG b EGh ,z pf H{ dG EG kjCG UG adGh dGh.fdG YEGh JG T id

    4

    Eliminating Violence_A.indd 4Eliminating Violence_A.indd 4 26.8.2008 11:56:2726.8.2008 11:56:27

  • jG hL

    3 ...................................................................ee

    4 ........................................................... aYh T

    7 .................... FdG FSdG :WCG V dG :hCG dG

    8 ......... dG e FW h SGh f Y j WCG V dG

    10 .............. G e bCG Y dG j e kdZ WCG V dG

    11 .............................WCG kG uee kGKCG n poj CG o dG

    12 ............... dG TCG L e WCG L jH le n oe hdG

    12 .......................... WCG V dG AfE SSCG QhO fd

    fEG hdG fdGh WCG V odG :dG dG14 ..........................................fEG dhdG jGh

    14 ................................................... dG M bJG

    15 ...................dG M bJH G jQNG cJhdG

    15 ..................................................... dG M

    16 ..................................................... dG eGdG

    17 .......................... dhdG dGh GdG jJ fdG QhO

    20 ........... WCG V dG AfE FdG GAGLEG :ddG dG

    20 .......................Gh WdG jG Y dGh GdG jJ

    ,dnAG Vh ,WCG V dG GfCG L M 23 ............................................. dG e aEG AfEGh

    30 ....................................... jdhCG qS Y jbdG Vh

    GQb jJh ,YdG ie aQh YdG b jJ 32 .................................. LCG eh WCG e edG L

    5

    Eliminating Violence_A.indd 5Eliminating Violence_A.indd 5 26.8.2008 11:56:2726.8.2008 11:56:27

  • 6

    34 .............................. YLG eOEGh dG eN aJ

    35 ................................................WCG cQe V

    38 ..... WCG de YGJh dEG UdG HEG eNh f oOjEG

    40 ...........................WCG V dG G `d udG

    dG AGLEGh fdG e GN Jh OGYEG 42 .................................................. WdG iG Y

    dG FdG GAGLEG :HGdG dG44 ............................................ IO sfi H WCG V

    44 ................................ ISCG h G WCG V dG

    48 ......................................... SQGG WCG V dG

    51 .............................. dGdGh jYdG of WCG V dG

    56 ..................................... dG ceCG WCG V dG

    59 ......................................... G WCG V dG

    :CH IG Cd dG eCG UJ65 ..............ISCG NGOh G Y OdGh e jbdGh dG M

    75 ................................................................. QOG

    dG GP fEG dhdG dG :dCG aG78 ................................. dG TCG L e WCG jH

    hdG fEG fdGh hdG FG fdG :AH aG79 ...........................................dG fbh LdG fbh

    80 .............fEG bEG dG dBGh dG :L aG

    82 ..................................................................LGG

    Eliminating Violence_A.indd 6Eliminating Violence_A.indd 6 26.8.2008 11:56:2726.8.2008 11:56:27

  • 7

    hCG dG

    :WCG V dG``FdG `F`S`dG

    z.MCG H j CG ocCGh nn rVoCG c cCGh , kW c cCG fEG{

    1SBG L e ,keY 13 ,Ia -

    e WCG L jH e oe hda .ke h kGHnCG kGQ se WCG V odG c GMG Y j fEG hdG fdG CG dP .dG TCG L e J jH ,UTCc , oWCG j CG jh .T d ffEG eGdG

    .QdG H j qY

    ,Q uGh ,G SG a WCG V dG e oaG oTCG a e IgdG SdG AYCG jJ/Hh fEd IgdG SdG AYCG H/jJ MG Qe J G YGdG KCGh WCG Y TCG CGSCGh ,fEd jS Y CG BG M Lj EGh ,fGOEG Y LEG Veh ,dG hdG

    .dd

    Gh ,dG dG EG ,JhQ jH ,V qj kjCG WCG e dG dh j dG ceCGh ,dGdGh jYdG SDeh ,SQGG h ,JH NGO dGh dhdG ,fb HW GP WCG V dG e dG tjh .J h ,a

    .G Y aGjh

    ueG KCH gG e Gc dEG LG YJ e L S fdGh ofdG dGh ,jdGh ,IYdG N e ,kjCG fdG jh .WCG V d

    .WCG V dG Y AdG f jS qJ Gj CG , qLG

    Eliminating Violence_A.indd 7Eliminating Violence_A.indd 7 26.8.2008 11:56:2726.8.2008 11:56:27

  • WCG V dG Y AdG

    8

    jJ

    dG j :dG M bJG OQh c zdG{ jJ ddG Gg o nj fdG L dP b TdG qS j e ,IY edG Rhj fEG c

    TCG ac{ :j z ndG{ obJG u oJh .(z1{ IOG) Y oG jG eG hCG gEG hCG ,dG hCG fdG IASEG hCG QdG hCG dG

    zG IASEG dP ,SG hCG eG IASEG hCG ,gEG Y .(19 IOG)

    Y j WCG V dG :FQ dSQ dG e FW h SGh f

    CG hH ,VG hdG GW ddG j Y dG WCG fY d{ VGh WCG V dG KCGh M UCG BG d .MCG gGj hCG j

    da jM ad ,dP e cCG hj WCG J h ,dz.IQGL Y fj

    2WCG V dG M dG jdG e -

    NGOh dRe :dW a j mH jCG d oWCG V sj CG G e Qh .Gh dG ceCGh ,dGdGh jYdG fCG X h ,SQGG h ,gSoCG oWCG ojh .iNCG H dG H dG iMEG d V qdG bj YCGh ,IQYdGh ,jO H G dG hCG dG dG b e ,VhCG

    .UN H Wd Ve nAV ,Q qGh MHEG

    Mh WCG V dG f

    dG eCG SGQO{ jJ e I oe ddG Gg e NBG e CG h g G GAMEG3:WCG V dG M dG jdG eh ,zWCG V dG M IG Cd

    Y dG AfCG kjJ kW 53^000 GM Iah EG GjdG J hO VdG WCG LGoj ,YdG hdG H h .dG f ,2002 QG ,kjJ ASG H jdGh jCG Y d V qdG N IMGh S qS hGj jdG WCG d Vj dG dG N VCG KK GM EG j

    Eliminating Violence_A.indd 8Eliminating Violence_A.indd 8 26.8.2008 11:56:2726.8.2008 11:56:27

  • 9

    dG G V hj QGh ,GS HQCGh IMGh S qS H S.S 14h GS 5 S H S hGj jdG WCG d Vj

    (FG 42 GM hCG) W 22^000 dhCG WCG b jV e c.dG e kjJ e FG 75 ch ,S 17 EG 15 e jdG dG

    ,JH NGO dG dG e WCG e FG 98 EG 80 GM j GhOCG GSG Y dG jdG dG dG EG cCG hCG K V tJ e

    . kac dG We hO jLoCG dG SGQd kah jdG

    dG bGh e hCG jdG e fj ,dhO 100 e cCG ,WCG Gj e.SQGG iNCG jdG GhOCG hCG eMCG hCG dG GSH dG

    , kdhO 30 Y j a ,dH dG hCG qdH H oMCG GJ e.FGG fCG WCG Y VoJ

    dG e dG WCG e a FG 2^4 d ffdG jG aGJ.dG L dG

    e M hM W e 275h W e 133 H e kjS j.FHBG H QG dG

    FG 65h 20 H hGJ f Y ,VG kej KdG N ,dG M EG V qj ,edG hdG SQH dG uS WCG e

    .kfH hCG kd Y AGSG e

    ,bdGh SdG HhQhCG SQH G WCG e FG 35 b N Y AGSd GV qJ fEG ,FSG SGQO EG GHSG s

    .FG 64h 15 H hGJ je H ,jNCG jdG

    EG IY edG hO ka e 73h Ia e 150 GH Q qoj e VJ Y N G dG e iNoCG TCG EG hCG jdG G SQG

    .2002

    7 Y j e HCG , kdhO 21 jLoCG dG FSG SGQdG Y j eh ,(FG 36 EG d dG g JJh) fEG e FG

    WCG V dG Y AdG

    Eliminating Violence_A.indd 9Eliminating Violence_A.indd 9 26.8.2008 11:56:2726.8.2008 11:56:27

  • WCG V dG Y AdG

    10

    WS Y (FG 29 EG d dG g OGOJh) QcdG e FG 3.dW AKCG G d jV

    G nSQe qsfCG ncP q ,AdG e FG 45h 11 H hGj e HCG.jb fc SQG J qCG ,keY 15 qS b hCG Id

    GS 10 H BG gQYCG hGJ Ia e 82 Y j e hS Ic OGYCG OLh EG aVEG ,IY edG qS e wCG J CG b S 17h

    .H dP e UCG xS LhJ JGdG dG e

    T EG dG ICGeGh Ia e 140h e 100 H hGj e N AYCG H/jJ fEd IgdG SdG AYCG H/jJ TCG e e

    .fEd IgdG SdG

    e e We fEd IgdG SdG AYCG H/jJ e JJ Gg EG dG H Jh ,FG 99h 71 H hGd dG hO H

    .HGdG qS H b jdG

    L jaEG hO ,ICGeGh Ia je 3 GH Q qoj e kjS j.fEd IgdG SdG AYCG H/jd ,GOdGh eh AGdG

    ,WCG Y We ,2004 Y ,W e 218 c.IN YCH ej Gfc kfe 126 e

    GcQT b W je 5^7 CG EG 2000 Y e IG GjdG J GuoSG W e 1^8 CG EGh ,jO H G hCG dG WCG Y

    .Q ud jV GS W e 1^2 qCGh ,MHEG YCGh IQYdG

    j e kdZ WCG V dG :FQ dSQ `G e `bCG `Y `dG

    h ,WCG V SQ dG dG aCG L e b AL Y EG dGh dG j G e bCG i aCG J Y dG jh .b OY iS IG e Sj e d Vj Y dG Y IQG EG hj kGL QdG oWCa .IjY SC