Pvsyst Manual

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......................................................................................................................................... 1 1: ......................................................................................................................... 3 2: ....................................................................................................................... 4 2.1. ................................................................. 4 2.2. .............4 2.2.1. SAIFI - ................................................ 4 2.2.2. SAIDI- ................................................... 4 2.3. .................................................................................... 5 ..................................................................................................................................... 5 2.4. ........................................................................................ 6 2.5. feeder.............................................................................................7 2.6. .................................................................................... 8 2.7. ........................................................................................ 9 3. ........................................ 12 3.1 ............................................................................ 12 3.1.1 ................................................................................................................................... 12 3.1.2 / ............................................................12 3.1.2.1 ............................................................................................................................. 12 3.1.2.2 ()......................................................................................................... 15 3.1.3 / .................................................................................................. 16 3.1.4 ........................................................................................................................... 16 3.2 ...................................................17 3.2.1 ..................................................................... 17 3.2.2 / ........................................................................................................................................ 18 4: ..............................................................................................20 4.1. ( )................................................................................20 4.2. ....................................................................................................... 21 4.3. ........................................................... 24 4.4. ..........................................................................................................25 4.5. - ................................................... 26 4.6. ....................................................... 29 5: - ...........................................32 5.1. ...............................................................................................................................32 5.1.1. ............................................................................................................ 32 5.1.2. : -.............................................................................. 35 5.1.3. ..................................................................................... 36 5.1.4. ..............................................................................................39 5.1.5. ................................................................................................. 42 5.1.6. ...........................................................................................43 5.1.7. ......................................................................................................44 5.2. ................................................................................................................................46 5.2.1 ......................................................................................................... 46 5.2.2. .................................................................................................. 46 5.2.3. .............................................. 51 5.3. ................................................................................................................................ 51 5.3.1 ......................................................................................................... 51 5.3.2. .................................................................................................. 52 5.3.3. - ...................... 54 5: - 1

5.4. o ................................................................................................................................ 54 5.4.1. ........................................................................................................ 54 5.4.2. .................................................................................................. 55 5.4.3. - ........................................................................................................56 6: - ................................................................................................ 57 6.1 ........................................................................................................................ 57 6.2 ................................................................................................ 58 : METEONORM........................................................................................61 : PVSYST................................................................................................. 67 - .................................................................................................................. 76

5: -

2

1: . : , . , , . . . . / , / 3 . . ( ) / , . 4 , 5 . 2 , . , , . (p) . 1: 3

2:

2.1. , , . , . , , , , , () . , , .

2.2.

2.2.1. SAIFI - (System Average Interruption Frequency Index) O SAIFI . :SAIFI =

(2)

(1)

SAIFI =

NiNT

2.2.2. SAIDI- (System Average Interruption Duration Index) SAIDI . :

2:

4

SAIDI =

(4)

(3)

SAIDI =

ri N iNT

2.2.3. CAIDI- (Customer Average Interruption Duration Index) CAIDI . :CAIDI =

(6),

(5)

CADII =

r i N i = SAIDI N i SAIFI

: Ni = ri = NT =

2.3. , , . , . LOLP (Loss of Load Probabillty). LOLP . ( ) . , , 8760 ( ). 2: 5

. LOEP (Loss of Energy Probability) LOLP, , , . , LOLP . 15-20% . . , . , , . , LOLP . ( ), LOLP 11.00 15.00. , , 11.00-15.00 1 31 2007, . 20 kV. (black out). feeder , ( ) , 10 MW .

2.4.

. ( , , .) ( ), , 2: 6

. , .. . ( , . , , .

2.5. feeder feeder : -60% -15% -15% -10% : : : :

: -2,5kW -10kW () -20kW () -200kW () feeder 10MW 2.1: 2.1 (kW) (kW) 6000 1500 1500 1000 2,5 10 20 200

2400 150 75 5

2:

7

2.6. 2001 (a), , . , , , , . , , , . , , , . , . feeders : , () (). , , . (/) (/kW). 2.2: 2.2 (/kW) 1,5 5,4 14,5

(d). feeder :

2:

8

2.3 () 9000 (6MW x 1,5 /kW) 16200 (3 MW x 5,4 /kW) 14500 (1 MW x 14,5 /kW) 39700

feeder 4 , , SAIDI feeder 240 min, 39700, ' feeder. ' LOLP LOEP , , , .

2.7. METEONORM, PVSYST, . METEONORM (, , ..) . PVSYST /. , METEONORM /, . / . , , .

2:

9

P j t i , j (, /, ) ti 1 31 , ti =1-2208 / :P T t i = P j t i 1 jT

4 P j t i , [11.00, 12.00, 13.00, 14.00]' Ptdk' : PTdk' = [ PT(11+ (k-1)x24), PT(12+ (k-1)x24), PT(13+ (k-1)x24), PT(14+ (k-1)x24) ], k=1-92 (). : PminTdk' = min [ PT