AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

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AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ A√tbm apl-ΩZo ako-lns\ AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂-h-tc, lZvdXv akolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚ {]nb- s∏-´-h-cpw, Ahn-SpsØ AkvXn- Xz-am-Ip∂ hr£-Øn-s‚- ]-®-fn- ∏p≈ imJ-Itf! Fgp-t∂¬ °p-hn≥, A -a-Znøm J em-^- Øns‚ kp`-{Z-X°v th≠n F√m XymK-Øn\ Xøm-dm-Ip- hn≥. Aßs\ apl-ΩZ ako- lv, Xs‚ bP-am-\-cpsS GsXm cp ktμ-i-hp-am-bmtWm A√m- lp-hn¬ \n∂v BK-X-cm-bXv B ssZhnI _e-ambn ]nSn-®p-sIm≠v AXns\ temI- Øns‚ tImWp-I-tfmfw ]- Øp-hn≥. GI-\mb ssZh-hp- ambn _‘w ÿm]n-°p-∂-Xn- emWv \nß-fpsS `mhn-sb∂ ktμiw temI-Øns‚ Hmtcm hy‡n°pw FØn-°phn≥. temIkam-[m\w alvZo ako- lns‚ Cu Pam-A-Øp-ambn IqSn-t®-cp-∂-Xn-em-Wp-≈-Xv. Imc-Ww, kam-[m-\-Øn-s‚bpw im¥n-bp-sSbpw b m¿Y Ckv eman-Im-≤ym-]-\-Øns‚ ]Xm-I- hm-l-I¿ Ch¿ am{X-am-Wv. AXn\v XXp-ey-am-bXv `qtem- IØv Fhn-tSbpw Is≠-Øm≥ km[y-a-√. apl-ΩZo ako- lns‚ ZuXysØ temIØv , GI-Xz-Øns‚ Nc-Sn¬ tIm¿°m-\p-ap≈ AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øp-am bn Cg-In-t®-cp-∂-Xp-ambn _‘- s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. lv n pw o ]mi-sØ c Y C∂v ÿm]n-°m\pw am¿ Kw- (Jn-em-^Øv iX-hm¿jnI ktμ-iw) Khilafat successorship of prophethood ]pkvXIw 19 e-°w 3 sabv 2011 l Øv 1390 . - P. 1432 nPvd P AΔ¬ BJ¿ - lZvdXv Aao-dp¬ apAvan\o≥ Jeo-^-Øp¬ akolv V 5. 7. 9. 10. 12. 15. Jnem-^Øv ˛ ssZhnI hmKvZm\w Jnem-^-Øp≥ Aem an≥lm-Pn-∂p-_pΔ: \mgn-I-°-√p-Iƒ {]n-b lpkqdpambn- A`n-apJw Jnem-^Øv tamln-I-fpsS ]X\w Hcp AlvaZnkv{XobpsS hn]Znss[cyw 13. Ben-apkvenbmcp-sS Jnem-^Øv A¬-lJv

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Page 1: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`ZX°v th≠nXymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥

A√tbm apl-ΩZo ako-lns\AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂-h-tc, lZvdXvakolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚ ]nb-s∏-´-h-cpw, Ahn-SpsØ AkvXn-Xz-am-Ip∂ hr£-Øn-s‚- ]-®-fn-∏p≈ imJ-Itf! Fgp-t∂¬°p-hn≥, A -a-Znøm J em-^-Øns‚ kp`-Z-X°v th≠nF√m XymK-Øn\ Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥. Aßs\ apl-ΩZ ako-lv, Xs‚ bP-am-\-cpsS GsXmcp ktµ-i-hp-am-bmtWm A√m-lp-hn¬ \n∂v BK-X-cm-bXv BssZhnI _e-ambn]nSn-®p-sIm≠v AXns\ temI-Øns‚ tImWp-I-tfmfw ] -Øp-hn≥. GI-\mb ssZh-hp-ambn _‘w ÿm]n-°p-∂-Xn-emWv \nß-fpsS `mhn-sb∂ktµiw temI-Øns‚ Hmtcmhy‡n°pw FØn-°phn≥.temIkam-[m\w alvZo ako-lns‚ Cu Pam-A-Øp-ambnIqSn -t®-cp -∂-Xn -em -Wp-≈-Xv.Imc-Ww, kam-[m-\-Øn-s‚bpwim¥n-bp-sSbpw b m¿Y Ckveman-Im-≤ym-]-\-Øns‚ ]Xm-I-hm-l-I¿ Ch¿ amX-am-Wv.AXn\v XXp-ey-am-bXv `qtem-IØv Fhn-tSbpw Is≠-Øm≥km[y-a-√. apl-ΩZo ako-lns‚ ZuXysØ temIØv

, GI-Xz-Øns‚Nc-Sn¬ tIm¿°m-\p-ap≈

AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øp-ambn Cg-In-t®-cp-∂-Xp-ambn _‘-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.

lv n

pwo

]mi-sØ

c

Y

C∂v

ÿm]n-°m\pwam¿

Kw-

(Jn-em-^Øv iX-hm¿jnIktµ-iw)

Khilafatsuccessorship of prophethood

]pkvXIw 19 e -°w 3sabv 2011 l Øv 1390

. - P. 1432

nPvd

P A∆¬ BJ¿-

lZvdXv Aao-dp¬ apAvan\o≥ Jeo-^-Øp¬ akolv V

5.

7.

9.

10.

12.

15.

Jnem-^Øv ˛ssZhnI hmKvZm\w

Jnem-^-Øp≥ Aeman≥lm-Pn-∂p-_p∆:

\mgn-I-°-√p-Iƒ

]n-b lpkqdpambn-A`n-apJw

Jnem-^Øvtamln-I-fpsS ]X\w

Hcp AlvaZnkvXobpsShn]Znss[cyw

13.Ben-apkvenbmcp-sSJnem-^Øv

A¬-lJv

Page 2: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

A¬-lJv2011 sabv

lZvdØv BZw(-A) apX¬Bcw -`n® Jnem -^ØvhyXyÿ cq]-`m-h-ß-fn¬te IØv \ne -\ n∂pt]mcp-I-bm-Wv. ]hm-N-I≥ am¿, Ahsc XpS¿∂phcp∂ Jeo-^-am¿, apP-±n-Zp-am¿

mDZm:

apP-±n-Zn-øØv Jnem-^-Øns‚ ]mXn-\n- y-ap≈ HcpC≥Ãn-‰yq-j-\m-Wv. Jnem-^Øv ÿm\w ap÷-±n-Zn-ø-Øn-s\-°mfpw Db¿∂-Xm-Wv. Jeo^ ssZh-\n-

tbm-Kn-Xs‚ ]Xn-\n-[n-bm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v At±-l-Øn\v ss_AØv sNtø-≠Xv \n¿_-‘-am-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\n¬ 14ÿeØv Jnem-^-Øns\kw_-‘n®v ]cm-a¿i-ap-≠v. kqdØp qdn¬ A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. \nß-fn¬\n∂v hniz-kn-°p-Ibpwk¬°¿Ωw A\p-jvTn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-h-tcm-Sv,Ahsc Ah¿°v apºp-≠m-bn-cp-∂-hsc Jeo-^-am¿B°n-b-Xp-t]mse `qan-bn¬ Jeo-^-am-cm-°p-Ibpw Ah¿°m-bn´v Ah≥Xr]vXn-s∏-´n-´p≈ aXsØAh¿°v _e-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-Sp-°p-Ibpw Ah-cpsS`b-Øn-\p-tijw Ahsckam-[m-\-Øn-em-°p-IbpwsNøp-sa∂v A√mlp hmKvZm\w sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p.Ah¿ Ft∂mSv bmsXm-∂n-t\bpw ]¶p-tN¿°msXFs∂ -Xs∂ Bcm-[n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. AXn-\p-tijwB¿ \ntj-[n-°p-∂pthmAh¿ A[¿Ω-Im-cn-I-fm-Ip-∂p. (24:56)

aqkm-\-_n-bpsS DΩ-Øn¬ Jnem-^Øv D≠m-b-Xp-t]mse Cu DΩ-ØnepwJnem-^Øv D≠m-Ip-sa-∂mWv kqd-Øp-∂q-dn¬ \n∂v hy‡-am-Ip-∂-Xv. \_n(-k)-°p-tijw D≠mb

Jnem-^Øv Jnem-^Øv

dminZ F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p.

[

p-a

apl-ΩZv \_n(-k) Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS ]h-N-\-]-Imcw h∂ hmKvZØ akolv Camw alvZn lZvdØvan¿km Kpemw AlvaZv(A) 1835 s^_p-hcn 13 \p JmZn-bm-\n¬ P\n-®p. Ckvemans‚ ]p\- Po-h-

n\v ssZhnI \n¿t±i ]Im-cw 1889 am¿®v 23 \v AlvaZnøm apkvenw Pam-A-Øn\vcq]w \¬In.

aX-a-lm-tem-IØv almhnπhw krjvSn® lpkq¿(-A) Ckveman\pt\sc-bp-≠m-bn-sIm-≠n-cp∂ F√m Bt£-]-߃°pw B\p-Im-enI]kn-≤o-I-c-W-ß-fn-eqsSbpw a‰p-ambn sImSp-Øp-t]m-∂p.Ckvemans‚ tijvT-Xbpwkuµ-cyhpwAt±lw Db¿Øn-°m-Wn-®p.

]nXm-hns‚ \n¿_-‘-Øn\p hgßn 1863 ¬ At±lw knbm¬t°m´vtImS-Xn-bn¬ tPmen-bn¬ ]th-in-®p. A©v h¿jsØ Kh¨sa‚ vtPmen°v tijw JmZn-bm-\n¬ Xncn-s®-Ønb At±-l-Øn\v BZyZnhy-sh-fn-]m-Sp-≠m-bn.cmPm-°-∑m¿ \ns‚ hkvX-Øn¬ \n∂v A\p-Klw tXSpwF∂ ]h-N-\hpwB shfn-]m-Sn¬ D≠m-bn .

_dm-los\ AlvaZnøm F∂ kp]-kn≤ KŸ-Øns‚ cN\At±lw Bcw-`n-®p. Ckveman\p t\sc-bp-≠mb Bt£-]-߃°vAt±lw i‡-amb hmZ-K-Xn-I-fm¬ adp-]Sn Fgp-Xn. Ckvemans‚FÆa‰ kuµcyw Cu KŸ-Øn-eqsS ]I-S-am-bn. BZysØ c≠vhmfy-߃ 1880 epw 1882, 84 h¿j-ß-fn¬ aq∂pw \mepw hmfy-ßfpw]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p.

1882 ¬ Xs∂ ]cn-jvI¿Øm-hmbn \ntbm-Kn-®-Xmbn shfn-]m-Sp-≠m-bn.ssZhnI \n¿t±-i-]-ImcwAt±lw JmZn-bm-\nse P¬kmkmem-\°vXpS-°-an-´p.BZy P¬k-bn¬ 75 t]¿ ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

ssZhnI \n¿t±-i-]-Imcw 1886 ¬ At±lw tlmin-bm¿]q-cn¬ 40 Znhkw G - \ n- p.hf-sc-b-[nIw Znhy-sh-fn-]m-Sp-Iƒ Cu Ah-k-c-Øn¬ D≠m-bn.X\n-s°mcp hmKvZØ ]pX≥ P\n-°m≥ t]mIp-∂p-sh∂ shfn-]mSv Cu [ym\ka-b-ØmWv e`n-®-Xv.

1889 ¬ A\p-bm-bn-I-fn¬ \n∂v ss_AØv hmßp-∂-Xn\v ssZhnI \n¿t±iw e`n-®p.1889 am¿®v 23 \pep[n-bm-\-bn¬BWv Cu al kw`hw \S-∂-Xv.

1896 ¬ A ±lw Ckvemw aX-X- z-⁄m\wF∂

1905 ¬ A ±lw A¬h-kn-øØv

DdpZp Ad_n t]¿jy≥ `mj- n¬ 80alXv KŸ-߃At±lwFgp-Xn.

1908 sabv 26\p h^m-Øm-bn.

lZvdØv AlvaZv(-A)s‚ h^m-Øn-\p-tijw Jnem-^-Øp≥ Aem an≥lm-Pp-∂p-_p∆ÿm]n-°-s∏-´p.

cp-\Ø B almXvamhv

adp-]Sn

cp-∂p-

Im h-mka p ®

Xv

t Ø]_\v[w cNn-®p.

t X-ømdm°n.

jvT¥

Ckvemans‚ BtKmf hnP-bsØIpdn-®p≈ ]Jym-]\w IqSn-bm-bn-cp∂pCu KŸw.

If

2

lZvdØv an¿km Kpemw AlvaZv(A)

hmKvZØ alvZn akolv

1835 - 1908

Page 3: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

A¬-lJv

lZvdØv A_q-_-°¿ kn±o-Jv (-d)( 632˛634), l vdØv Da¿ (-d)(634˛644) ,l vdØv Dkvam≥(644˛655), l vdØv Aen (655 ˛660)

\n°v tijw hcp∂ Jnem-^-Øns\ kw_-‘n®v \_n(-k) ]h-N\w sNbvXn-´p-≠v.

A√mlp Dt±-in-°p-∂n-S-tØmfw\nß-fn¬ ]hm-N-IXzw Ah-ti-jn-°pw, ]n∂oSv Ah≥ Dt±-in-°p-tºmƒ ]hm-N-I-XzsØ Db¿Øn-°-fbpw. XpS¿∂v ]hm-N-IXzamXr-I-bn¬ J em-^Øv \ne-hn¬hcpw. A√mlp Dt±-in°pw Imewhsc AXp \n߃°n-S-bn¬ Ah-ti-jn-°p-Ibpw ]n∂o-S-h≥ Dt±-in-°p-tºmƒ \nß-fn¬ \n∂v Db¿Øn-°-f-bp-Ibpw sNøpw. ]n∂oSv]cp-°≥ cmPm-[n-]Xyw \ne-hn¬hcpw. A√mlp Dt±-in°pw Imewhsc AXv Ah-ti-jn-°pw. ]n∂oSh≥ Dt±-in-°p-tºmƒ AXpw\o°pw. XpS¿∂v X¬ÿm-\Øvtkz—m-[n-]Xy a¿±I `c-W-IqSw\ne-hn¬ hcpw. A√mlp \nß-fn¬ \n∂v \o°n-°-f-bp-hm≥ Dt±in-°p-∂-Xp-hsc AXv \ne-\n¬°pw. ]n∂oSv ho≠pw

Ø am n-ep≈ Jnem-^Øv hcpw. ]n∂oSv \_n(-k) au\wZo£n-®p.

lZvdØv Aen(-d)\v tijw Jnem-^sØ dmjnZ Ah-km-\n-®p

l dØv ls\ Cdm-Jnse P\-߃ Jeo-^-bm-°n-sb-¶nepw apB-hn-b-bp-am-bp≈ Hcp HØp-Xo¿∏ns\ XpS¿∂v At±lw Jnem-^Øvÿm\w Gs‰-Sp-Øn-√.

apB-hnb Pdp-k-te-an¬ sh®v Jeo-^-bmbn ]Jym-]n-°-s∏-´p. Ahn-Sp-∂-tßm´v ]cp-°≥ cmP-`-c-Whpwtkz—m-[n-]-Xy-hp-amWv apkvenwtemIsØ AS-°n-hm-W-Xv.

G.Un ZvZ v

ZvJeo-^-am-cm-bn

X

n

]hm-N-IXz n ¿KØ

Zv

F∂n-h¿ Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p

s‚

lZvdØv A¬lmPv l°ow auem\m \qdp-±o≥ kmln-_v(-d) BWv hmKvZØ ako-lns‚ H∂m-asØJeo-^.hmKvZØ ako-lns‚ l Øv \qdp-±o≥ kmln_v A]m-c-]-fin-X\pwIivao¿ alm-cm-Pm-hns‚ sIm´m-c-ssh-Zy-s\∂\ne-bn¬ t]cp-tI´ Hcp `nj-Kz-c\pwBbn-cp-∂p.1841 ¬ Iivao-cnse t`c-bn¬ P\n-®p.l vdØv Jeo^ Da¿ ^mdq-Jns‚k¥m-\-]-c-º-c-bn¬s]Sp-∂p.sNdp-∏-Øn¬ Jp¿-B≥, lZokv F∂nh ]Tn® tijw 18˛mw hb-n¬ dmh¬]n-fin-bnset\m¿a≥ kvIqfn¬ tN¿∂p.ZmZm-Jm-\nse kv°qfn¬ slUvam-Ã-dmbn tPmen-sN-bvXp.25˛mw hb-n¬l÷vI¿ΩwA\p-jvTn-®p. 30˛mw hb-n¬BZy-hn-hmlw.

∂v hmKvZØ ak lns\ kµ¿in-®p. \ l vdØv \qdp-±o≥ kmln_v Xs‚Kpcp-hns\ Xncn-®-dn-bp-Ibpw Ahn-Sp-tØ°v Xs‚ Pohn-X-k¿∆-kzhpw sNbvXp._dm-lo≥AlvaZn-øm-bpsS apgp-h≥ sNehpw Xm≥ H‰bv°v hln®p sIm≈m-sa∂v ]n∂oSv At±lw

n\vFgp-Xn.

1889 ¬ ep[n-bm-\-bn¬ sh®v alvZoa-ko-lns‚ ssIøn¬BZy-ambn ss_AØv sNbvXXv At±-l-am-bn-cp-∂p.1892¬Iivao-cnse DtZymKw cmPn-sh®pJmZn-bm-\n¬ÿnc-hm-k-am-°n.

kap-Zm-b-Ønse Hmtcm AwKhpw \qdp-±o≥ Bsb-¶n¬ lm FX \∂ F∂ (-A) Hcp ]m¿k -.

1908 sabv 26 hmKvZØakolv auem\ml°ow \qdp-±o≥kmln-_n-s\, H∂m-asØJeo-^-bmbn sFIy-I-WvtTy\ Xnc-s™-Sp-Øp.

1914 am¿®v 13 \p h^m-Øm-b .

] ainjy-\mb Zvd

ZXs∂

ƒo- Z

d

fi

mtbs\ ¿ n-

\p

JmZn-bm-\n¬ n

Y

Zs

_dm-los\ tI´mWv hmKvZØ ako-lns\Ipdn-®-dn-™-Xv. 1885¬JmZn-bm-\n¬ sN

AlvaZn-øm-bpsS A] m\ß

ka¿∏n-°p-Ibpw

lpkq

Jp¿-B-\nepwlZo-knepwAXoh]m n-Xy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

Ihn-Xm-i-IewAt±-l-Øns‚ `b-`-‡n-°p -e-`n® ssZhIAwKo-Im-c-am-bn-

h^m-Øm-b-t∏mƒ

_lnivXo aJv_-d-bn¬hmKvZØako-lv(-A)s‚]m¿iz-`m-KØvA¥y-hn-iaw.

lpkqn- cp-∂p

A¬J-eo-^-Øp a≥b-Jqap aJm-a-±m-ln_nt]mIp∂ BfpsS ÿm\Øv, hcp∂Bƒ°v Jeo^ F∂p ]d-bp-∂p.

-

Akp¬Øzm-\p¬Aavfw alm-\mb cmPmhv.ico-A-Øo-]-c-amb kwK-Xn-I-fn¬ A\n-tj-[y-\mbCamw

Jeo-^-bpsS A¿∞w ]Xn-\n[n F∂m-Wv.At±lw Zo\ns\]p\-cp-÷o-hn-∏n-°pw. \_n-amcpsS Ime-tijw ]c-°p∂ A‘-Im-csØZqco-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n ]kvXpX ÿm\Øv hcp∂ Bƒ°v Jeo^ F∂p ]d-bp-∂p.

\_n(-k) ]d-bp∂p: Jnem-^Øv ]n¥p-S¿∂p-h-cmsX I≠v Hcp \p_p-∆Øpw IS-∂p-I-gn-™p- t]m-bn-´n-√.

-

(a¬^q-km-Øv, hmfyw˛2, t]˛666, ]pXnb ]Xn-∏v)

Jnem-^-Øn\pw P∂-Øn-\pw (-kz¿§w)hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ Htc \n_-‘-\-I-fmWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. amX-a-√, kz¿§ob kwhn-[m-\-Øns‚ A\n-tj[y t\Xr-Xz-amWv Jnem-^ØvF∂pw hy‡-am-°p-∂p.

_p≤n-]-c-amb hnImkw kn≤n® a\p-jy\vlZvdØv BZ (-A)s\Jeo-^-bmbn \ntbm-Kn-®psIm-≠mWv ssZhnI hn[n-hn-e-°p-Iƒ \evI-s∏-´-Xv

Jnem-^-Øn-s\-Xnsc Db-cp∂ Nn¥m-K-Xn-Isf kmØm-\n-I-Nn-¥-I-fmbpw Jnem-^-Øn-s\-Xnsc h¿Øn-°p∂ a\p-jysc C_n-eo-kp-am-bn-´mWv Jp¿-B≥]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv

w

.

lZvdØv A¬lmPvl°ow auem\m \qdp-±o≥ (-d)Jeo-^Øp¬- ako-lv H∂m-a≥ 1841-1914

3 2011 sabv

Page 4: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

hmKvZØ ako-lns‚ c≠mw `mcy-bn-ep≈BZysØ ]pX-\mb l vdØv an¿km _io-dp-±o≥ alvaqZv AlvaZv(-d) BWv c≠mw Jeo-^-bmbn Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´-Xv.

52 hninjvS KpW-߃ Hcp kpe-£-W-]p-X≥ P\n-°p-sa∂ ]h-N-\-]-Imcw

1914 ¬ At±lw Jnem-^Øv ]Z-hn-bn¬ D]-hn-jvS-\m-bn.52 sIm√-°mew Jeo-^-bm-bn-cp-∂n-´p-≠v.

Jnem-^Øv kw_-‘n® X¿°hpw `n∂n∏pw D≠m-b-t∏mƒ JmPmIam-ep-±o≥ kmln-_v, auehn apl-Ω-Zenkmln_v XpS-ßn-b-h-cpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ \S∂ hºn® Ipg-∏-ßsf AXn-Po-hn-®p-sIm≠v Jnem-^-Øns\ \ne-\n¿Øp-Ibpw AXn\p `Z-amb A - ]Wn-bp-Ibpw sNbvXXAt±-l-am-bn-cp-∂p.

1912 ¬ ]cn-ip≤ l÷v I¿Ωw \n¿h-ln-®p.1924 ¬ Xs‚ 12 ]apJ injy-≥am-tcm-sSm∏w e \n¬ tN¿∂ tIma¨sh¬Øv aX-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øp. e≠≥]≈n°pBAh-k-c-Øn¬Xd-°-√n-´

1947 ¬, C¥ymhn`-P-\sØ XpS¿∂v At±lw ]m°n-ÿm-\n-te-°v ]em-b\wsNbvXp.emtlm-dn\v GXm\pw \mgn-I-b-Ise Iptd Xcn-ip-`qan Kh¨sa‚n¬\n∂v hnebv°p hmßn.d_vh F∂ t]cn¬ ]pXn-sbmcp \Kcw ]WnXv AhnsStIµw Dd-∏n-®p.AXv ]n∂oSv ]m°n-ÿm-\nse anI-® -\-K-c-ß-fn-sem-∂mbn hf¿∂p.

1955 ¬, At±-lsØ Hcp iXp BI-an-°p-Ibpw Igp-Øn\v IpØn apdn-th¬∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. CXns\XpS¿∂v NnIn¬kbv°v bqtdm-]y≥ bmX \S-Øn.

tUmIvS¿am¿A`n-]m-b-s∏-´-Xv.

c≠mw Jeo-^bv°v,Da¿ ^mdq-Jn-t\mSv ]e-\n-e-bnepw kmZr-iy-ß-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. At±-l-amWv BtKmf CkvemanI anjy-\dn ]h¿Ø-\-߃ Bcw-`n-®-Xv. hnip≤ Jp¿-Bs‚hymJym\w cNn® At±lw At\Iw DØa KŸ-ß-fpsS I¿Øm-hm-Wv.AXpey hm‹n-bm-bn-cp∂At±lwA©pwBdpw aWn-°q¿ t\cw XpS¿®-bmbn ]kw-Kn-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p.

Pam-A-Ønse kwL-S\m hyh-ÿ-Iƒ At±lw D≠m-°n-b-Xm-Wv.BtKm-f-X-e-Øn-ep≈bph, _mekwL-߃°vAt±lw cq]w \¬In.

1944 ¬, Xm≥hmKvZ-Ø-a-kolv ]h-Nn® hmKvZØ ]cn-jvI¿Ømhv (apkvenlv auDu-Zv) BsW∂v ]Jym-]n-®p.

1965 \hw-_¿ 7 \v d_vhbn¬ At±lw. acn-°p-tºmƒ 76 hbv

]mb-am-bn-cp-∂p.

Z

D≈1889 P\p-

hcn 12\v lZvdØv an¿km alvaqZv AlvaZv (-d)

1914¬

SnØdv

p.

n \n¿-t±i]Imcw

wK

`qPm-X-\mbn

Miraculas

EscapeF∂mWv

Znh- -X-\mbn

ssZh I

lZvdØv an¿km _io-dp-±o≥alvaqZv AlvaZv (-d)

Jeo-^Øp¬- ako-lv c≠m-a≥ 1889-1965

Xp¿°n Jnem-^Øv

1909˛¬ A_vZp¬ laoZv km\n\nµm-h-l-ambn \njvIm-kn-X-\m-°-s∏-´-tXmsS \ma-amX Jnem-^Øpw AkvX-an -®p .1924˛¬ Dkvam-\nb Jnem-^ØvAh-km-\n-∏n-°-s∏ p. apkvX^mIam¬ ]m-jbpw kplr-Øp-°fpw\bn® ]´m-f-hn-πhw kp¬Øm≥ A_vZp¬ aPoZvkm\n-bpsS Jnem-^-Øns\ C√m-Xm-°n. (

)1923˛¬ AwKmd Xe-ÿm-\-ambn ]Jym-]n-°-s∏-

´p.apkvX^m Iam¬ ]mjBZysØ ]kn-U‚mbn Ah-tcm-[n-X-\m-bn. Jeo^ A_vZp¬aPoZv B^¥n shdpw Hcp Ifn∏m-´-ambn amdn.C n¬ a\w-s\m¥ C¥y-bn-te-X-S-°-ap≈ apkvenw t\Xm-°ƒ Jeo-^-bpsS ÿm\-am-\-߃ \ne-\n-dp Øn BZ-cn-°s∏-S-W-sa∂v

Bh-iy-ap-b¿Øn. Xp¿°n ]m¿e-sa‚v Jnem-^Øv Ah-km-\n-∏n-®p-sIm-≠p≈ _n√v ]mkm-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. apgp-h≥ ]m¿e-sa‚v \S-]-Sn-IfpwHscm‰ Znhkw sIm≠mWv ]q¿Øn-bm- b-Xv.

apkvX^m Iam¬ ]mj-tbmSvJnem-^Øv ÿm\w Fs‰-Sp-°m≥ ]d ™ apkvenw t\Xm-°-∑m-tcmSv At±lw ]d-™p.Rm≥ hfsc ]bm-k-s∏-´m-WvXp¿°nsb Cu Adp-]-g-©≥Nn¥m-K-Xn-bn¬\n∂v tamNn-∏n-®-Xv.î

1925˛¬ Ibvtdm-hn¬ tN¿∂apkvenw thƒUv tIm¨^-d≥kv Jnem-^Øv ]p\x-ÿm-]n-°m≥ km[y-a-s√∂pw ]t£ iaw XpS-cp-sa∂pw Xocp-am-\n®v ssIb-Sn®p ]ncn-bp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv.

hc - sa∂v ]d-bs´ Xp¿°n-bn¬ AXzm-Xp¿°v\ma-amX Jnem-^-Øns‚ Ah-km-\n -°m≥ ian-°p-tºmƒ C¥y≥ t\Xm-°ƒ Jnem-^Øv aqhvsa‚vBcw-`n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. CXns‚ Zpc-¥-]-cym-h-km-bn-sb-°p-dn®v C∂pw C¥y≥ apkvenwIƒ ZpxJ-tØmsS Hm¿°p-∂p.

´

-X

-]s-

°n-

History of

Arabs, p-139

XpS -ßn -

£

≤ss p y∏n

A¬-lJv2011 sabv 4

akvPn-Zp¬ \q¿: c≠mw Jnem-^Øv Xnc-s™-Sp∏v \S∂ ÿew

Page 5: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

2011 sabv5

JmZnw-I-tfmSv

apkvenlv auDu-Zv(-d)

X^vko¿

Rm≥ Jp±m-ans\ D]-tZ-in-°p-I-bm-Wv, Ah¿

Jnem-^-Øns‚ A\p-K-l-ßsf Hm¿a-sh-

°Ww. Fs¥-¶nepw Imcyw Hm¿a sh°p-∂-

Xn-∂v, h¿j-Øn¬ ]tXy-I-ambn Hcp Znhkw

BN-cn-°pI F∂-XmWv ap≥Ime kaq-l-ß-

fpsS ]Xn-hv...... Rm≥ Jp±m-ans\ D]-tZ-in-

°p-I-bm-Wv, Ah¿ h¿j-Øn¬ Hcp Znhkw

Jnem- Øv Zn\-ambn BN-cn-°-Ww. AXn¬

Ah¿ Jnem-^-Øns‚ ]p\x-ÿm-]-\-Øn¬

A√m-lp-hn-t\mSv \µn ]I-Sn-∏n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.

IqSmsX Xß-fpsS ]g-b-Ime NcnXw BN-

cn-®m¬ h¿jw-tXmdpw sNdp-]m-b-°m-cmb Ip´n-

Iƒ°v ]gbIme kw`-h-߃ a\-kn-em-°n-

s°m-Sp-°m≥ Ign-bpw. \n߃ Cu tbmKw

Jnbm-aØv hsc XpS¿∂p-sIm-≠p-t]m-hp-I.

Aßn-s\-bm-bm¬ Pam-A-Øn¬ Jnem- -Øn-

t\mSv BZ-chpw AXns‚ ]m-[m-\yhpw \ne-

\n¬°p-∂-Xm-Wv. l. Cukm(-A)s‚ Jnem-

^Øv 1900 h¿j-ß-fmbn XpS¿∂p hcp-∂p.

l. akolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚ ÿm\w At±-l-

tØ-°mƒ FXtbm Db¿∂-Xm-Wv. B alm-

flm-hns‚ Jnem-^Øv ]Xn-\m-bncw h¿jw

A√mlp \ne-\n¿Øp-am-dm-I-s´. ]t£ AXv

km[y-am-hpI \n߃ h¿j-Øn¬ Hcp Znhkw

Cu Dt±-iy-Øn-\mbn ]tXy-I-ambpw BN-cn-

°m≥ ian-°p-tºm-gm-Wv. Rm≥ tIµ-tØm

Spw \n¿t±-in-°p-∂Xv Ah¿ F√m h¿jhpw

kod-Øp-∂-_n- tbmK߃ t]mse Jnem-

^Øv Zn\hpw BN-cn-°-W-sa-∂m-Wv.

(]- m-jWw 25 /10/1952)

Jnem- Øv Zn\w

BN-cn-°pI!

apkvenwIƒ kmap-Zm-bn-I-ambn apl-ΩZv

dkq-ep-√mlv(k)sb ]n≥]-‰p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬

Ah¿°v F¥v ]mcn-tXm-jn-I-amWv e`n-

°pI F∂ hnj-b-amWv Cu Bb-Øp-I-

fn-eqsS Bcw- n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

A√m-lp ]dbp∂p; \nß-fn¬ \n∂v Jnem-

^-Øn¬ hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw Jnem-^-Øn\v

AX¿ln-°p∂ hn[-Øn¬ I¿Ω-߃

A\pjvSn°p-Ibpw Jnem-^-Øn\v tbmKy-

cm-°n-Øo¿°pw hn[-Øn-ep≈ I¿Ω-߃

sNøp-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ Ah-tcm-Sp≈ A√m-

lp-hns‚ hmKvZm-\-amWv; Ah≥ Ah¿°p

ap≥]p-≈-hsc Jeo- -am-cm-°n-b-Xp-t]mse

Ah-tcbpw `qan-bn¬ Jeo- -am-cm-°p-∂-Xm-

Wv. AXp-t]mse Ah¿°mbn Ah≥ Xr]v

Xn-s∏´ Ah-cpsS aXsØ temIØv \ne

\n¿Øp-Ibpw Ah¿°v `bm-hÿ h∂p-

`hn-°p-tºm-sg√mw AXns\ kam-[m-\-

Øns‚ cq]Ønem°n am‰p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-

Xm-Wv. Aßns\ Ah¿ Fs∂ amXw Bcm-

[n-°p-∂-hcpw Ft∂mSv H∂nt\bpw ]¶p-

tN¿°m-Ø-h-cp-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂-Xm-Wv. F∂m

¬ BcmtWm Jnem- -Øn≥ta-ep≈ hnizm

kw Dt]-£n-°p-∂Xv Ah¿ Cu A\p-K-

lsØ A\p-`-hn-®m-kz-Zn-°p-∂-h-cn¬s∏´-

h-cm-bn-cn-°p-I-bn√, adn®v A\p-k-c-W-Øn¬

\n∂pw ]pd-¥-≈-s∏-´-h-cmbn IW-°m-°p-

∂-Xm-Wv.

Cu Bb-Øn¬ apkvenwI-fpsS `mKy-

Øns‚ A¥n-a-hn[n \n›-bn-°-s∏- n-cn-°p-

I-bm-Wv. Ah-tcmSv hmKvZØw sNø-s∏-´n-

cn-°p-∂-Xv, Ah¿ Jnem-^-Øns‚ h‡m-

°-fm-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw B Dt±-iy-Øn-\mbn

A\p-tbm-Py-amb ]b-Xv\hpw ]cn-i-ahpw

\S-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bp-am-sW-¶n¬ GXp-

t]mse A√mlp ap≥ kap-Zm-b-ß-fn¬

Jnem- Øv \ne\n¿Øntbm AXp-t]mse

Ah-cnepw Jnem-^Øv \ne\n¿Øp-∂Xpw

Jnem- Øv aptJ\ A√mlp Ah¿°mbn

Xr]vXn-s∏´ Ah-cpsS aX-Øn¬ Ahsc

\ne-\n¿Øp-∂Xpw B aX-Øns‚ thcp-Iƒ

Dd-∏n-°p-Ibpw `b-Øn-\p-tijw Ah¿ °m

bn kam-[m\w sIm≠p-h-cn-Ibpw AXn s‚

^e-ambn Ah¿ GI ssZhm-cm-[-I-cm-bn-

Øo-cp-∂-Xp-am-Wv. Ah¿ in¿°v sNøp-I-

bn-√.

F∂m¬ CsXmcp hmKvZm-\-amWv ]h-N-\-

a√ Ft∂m¿t°-≠-Xm-Wv. apkvenwIƒ

Jnem- -Øn-ep≈ hnizm-k-Øn¬ \ne-sIm-

Jnem- Øv ˛ ssZhnI hmKvZm\w≈p-∂n-√m-sb-¶n¬, Jnem^Øns‚ \ne-

\n¬]n-\m-h-iy-amb ]hr-Øn-Iƒ ssIsh-

Sn-bp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ Ah¿ Cu ]mcn-tXm-jn-

I-Øn\v A¿l-cm-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. ]n∂oSv

A√mlp Xs‚ hmKvZm\w ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-

bn√ F∂h¿°m-tcm-]n-°m\pw Ign-bp-I-bn-

√...... (366, 367)

BbsØ CkvXn-Jvem^v F∂v ]d-b-s∏-

Sp∂ Cu Bb-Øn¬ NphsS sImSp-°p-∂-

Im-cy-߃ ]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.

H∂v :˛ GXp ]mcn-tXm-jn-IsØ Ipdn-

®mtWm ChnsS ]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv

AsXmcp hmKvZm-\-am-Wv.

c≠v :˛ Cu DS-ºSn DΩ-Øn-t\m-SmW,v GXp-

hsc Ah¿ hnizm-k-Ønepw k¬I¿Ω-

Ønepw \nc-X-cm-hp-∂pthm AXp-hsc.

aq∂v :˛ Cu hmKvZm-\-Øns‚ Dt±iyw

F∂Xv 1) ap≥k-ap-Zm-b-߃°v Ic-I-X-amb

AtX ]mcn-tXm-jnIw Xs∂ apkvenwI

ƒ°pw IcKX-am-IWw. Fs¥-∂m¬ eb-

kvXJven^-∂lpw ^n¬ A¿fn Ia-kvX

Jve -√-Zo\ an≥J-_venlnw F∂mWv ]d-

bp-∂-Xv.

2) Cu DS-º-Sn-bpsS c≠m-asØ e£yw

Zo\ns‚ ]_-e-X-bm-Wv.

3) CXns‚ aq∂m-asØ e£yw apkvenwI-

fpsS `b-∏m-Sns\ kam-[m-\-Øn-em°n am‰p

I F∂-Xm-Wv.

4) CXns‚ \mem-asØ Dt±iyw in¿°ns\

hn]m-S\w sNøp-Ibpw A√m-lp-hnt\mSp≈

Bcm-[\ \ne\n¿Øp-I-bp-am-Wv.

Cu Bb-Øns‚ Ah-km-\-Øn¬ a≥I- d

_AvZ Zmen° ^ Dem-bn-°-lp-ap¬ ^mkn-

Jq≥ F∂p ]d-™p-sIm≠v Xs‚ DS-º-Sn-

bm-sW-∂p-≈-Xn-te°v A√mlp Du∂¬

\¬In-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw he-Xp≥ I^¿Xpw

C∂ AZm_o e iZoZv (C-_mlow dpIq-

Av 2) F∂p≈ \n_-‘-\-bn-te°v i≤

Xncn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. AXm-

bXv \mw \n߃°v \¬Im≥ t]mIp∂

A\p-K-l-߃°v \n߃ hne I¬]n-°p-

∂n-√m-sb-¶n¬ \mw \n߃°v ITn-\-in£

\¬Ip-∂-Xm-Wv. Jnem-^Øpw Hcp henb

]mcn-tXm-jnIw Xs∂-bm-Wv. AXn-\m¬

BcmtWm Cu A\p-K-l-tØmSv IrX-L-

\-X-Im-Wn-°p-∂Xv Ah¿ [n°m-cn-I-fm-bn-

Øo-cp-∂-Xm-sW∂v Hm¿Øp-sIm-≈p-I.

(X- vko¿ I_o¿ thm. 6 t]: 366˛367, 370)

Jnem- Øv Zn\w

sabv : 271908 sabv 27 \mWv AlvaZnøm

apkvenw Pam-A-Øn¬ Jnem- Øv

hyh-ÿnXn Bcw-`n-®-Xv.

Jnem- -Øns‚ ]m[m-\y-tØbpw

al-Xz -tØbpw A\p- K -l-ß-

tfbpw A\p -kva -cn -®p -sIm≠v

F√m h¿jhpw sabv 27 \v temIw

apgp-h\pw Jnem-^Øv Zn\-ambn

BN-cn-°p-∂p.

24:56

Page 6: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

62011 sabv

2011 sabv

]pkvXIw 19 e-°w 3

hm¿Øm]XnI

bpK\mZw

Bai'tul Muqeet Austin

lZvdXv AlvaZv(-A)

c≠v Znhy-i‡n ]`m-h-߃c≠v hn[-Øn-ep≈ Znhy-i‡n ]`m-h-ß-fmWv ]Xy-£s∏-Sm-dp-≈Xv. H∂m-a-Xm-bn, i‡n-bpsSlkvXw ]I-S-am-Ip-∂p. c≠m-a-Xm-bn, ]hm-N-Is‚ h^m-Øn-\p-tijw ]bm-k-ßsf A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-t°-≠n-h-cn-Ibpw iXp-°ƒ i‡n-bm¿÷n-°p-Ibpw ]h¿Ø-\-߃°v `wKw kw -hn-®n-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂v Icp-X-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Pam-AØv \mam-h-ti-j-am-hp-sa∂v iXp-°ƒ Dd-∏m-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. IqSmsX Pam-A-Ønse AwK-߃ A¶-em-∏n-e-I-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Ah-cpsSÿnc-Nn-Ø-X°v XI-cmdv kw -hn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. XpS¿∂p ]e \n¿`m-Ky-hm-∑mcpw ]n¥n-cn-™p-t]m-Im≥ k∂-≤-cm-Ip-∂p. At∏mƒ A√mlp Xs‚ AXn-a-l-Ømb Znhy-i‡n Hcn-°¬IqSnshfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m≠v B]-Xn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ Pam-A-Øns\ kwc-£n-°p-∂p. AXn-\m¬BcmtWm A¥yw hsc kl\w ssIs°m-≈p-∂Xv Ah≥ A√m-lp-hns‚ Cu A¤pX ZrjvSm¥wZ¿in-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. lkvdØv apl-ΩZv apkvX^m (k) Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS th¿]m-Sv, Ime-sa-Øm-sX-bp≈ Hcp th¿]m-Sm-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂p a\-n-em-°p-Ibpw ZpxJ- m-c-Øm¬ klm-_n-am¿ ]cn-`m-¥-cm-hp-Ibpw hf-sc-tbsd _Z-hn-Iƒ Ckvemw aXw Dt]-£n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cu kµ¿ -Øn-emWvA√mlp lZvdØv A_q-_-°¿ kn±o-Jns\ Fgp-t∂¬∏n-®-b-®p-sIm≠v ho≠pw Xs‚ Znhy-i-‡n-bpsS amXrI ImWn-°p-Ibpw Ckvemans\ \mi-K¿Ø-Øn¬ \n∂v c£n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-Xv.an≥k-AvZn Ju^nlnw Aw\m F∂ Jp¿-B≥ hN-\-Øn¬ ]d™ ]Imcw `b-Øn\v tijw\mw Ah-cpsS Im¬ ]mZ-ßsf kpZr-V-am°psa∂ hmKvZm\w A√mlp ]q¿Øn-bm°n ImWn-®p. Cßs\ Xs∂-bmWv lZvdØv aqkm-\-_n-bpsS ImeØpw kw -hn-®-Xv.A√m-lp-hns‚ \S-]-Sn-Iaw

A√tbm ]nb-s∏- -h-tc, FXn-cm-fn-I-fpsS \nc¿∞-I-ß-fmb c≠v BÀm-Z-ßsf XI¿°p-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n Xs‚ k\m-X\ \S-]-Sn-b-\p-k-cn®v A√mlp c≠p hn[w Znhy-i-‡n-Iƒ ]I-S-am-°p-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v C\n A√mlp Xs‚ k\m-X-\-amb \S-]-Sn-I-asØ Dt]-£n-®p-I-f-bp-sa-∂Xv kw -hy-a-√.Znhy-tX-Pkv

\nßfpw c≠m-asØ Znhy tXP-ns\ Z¿in-t°-≠Xv AXym-h-iy-am-Ip-∂p. \n߃°v KpW-I-c-amWv AXns‚ BK-a\w! F¥p-sIm-s≠-∂m¬ AXv imiz-Xhpw AXns‚ irwJe A¥y-\mƒ hsc apdn-™p-t]m-Im-Ø-Xp-am-Wv.Jeo- -am¿

Rm≥ A√m-lp-hns‚ `mK-Øp-\n∂v Hcp Znhy-i-‡n-bpsS cq]-Øn-emWv h∂n- p-≈-Xv. F\n-°p-tijw Nne hy‡n-I-fp-≠mhpw. Ah¿ c≠mw Znhy-i-‡n-bpsS ]XoI-ß-fm-bn-cn-°pw. AXn-\m¬, \nß-sf-√m-hcpw HØp-tN¿∂v A√m-lp-hns‚ c≠mw Znhy-i-‡nsb ]Xo-£n-®p-sIm≠v]m¿∞-\-bn¬ \nc-X-cm-hp-I. IqSm-sX, Cu ZznXob Znhy-i‡n BIm-i-Øp-\n∂p shfn-hm-Ip-Ibpw \nß-fpsS ssZhw Ign-hp-‰-hm\m-sW∂p ImWn-®p-X-cp-am-dm-hp-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xp-hscapgp-h≥ Pam-A-Øp-I-fn-sebpw kpIr-X-hm-∑m¿ Hmtcm \m´nepw Hcp-an®v IqSn ZpB sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. F\n-°p-tijw Fs‚ Pam-A-Ønse hnip-≤-\mb Hcp alXv hy‡nFs‚ \ma-Øn¬ P\-ß-fn¬ \n∂v _bv-AØv hmß-s´.sXc-s™-Sp∏v

sXc-s™-Sp∏v kXy-hn-izm-kn-I-fpsS sFIy-I-WvtT-\-bp≈ A`n-]m-b-tØm-sS-bm-bn-cn-°Ww\S-tØ-≠-Xv. Fs‚ t]cn¬ ì_bv-AØv hmßn-°p-hm≥ A¿l-\m-sW∂v 40 hnizm-kn-IƒBsc-∏-‰n-bmtWm tbmPn® A`n]mbØnse-Øp-∂Xv Abmƒ°v F\n-°vti-jhpw ss_AØvhmßm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. ]kvXpX hy‡n kzbw amXr-Im-tbm-Ky-\m-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw thWw. \ns‚Pam-A-Øn\v th≠n \ns‚ k¥m-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂v, Hcmsf Fgp-t∂¬∏n-°p-sa∂pw Ahs\Xs‚ hlvbv sIm≠pw kmao]yw sIm≠pw ]tXy-I-s∏-Sp-Øp-sa∂pw Ah≥ aptJ\ kXyw]S¿∂v ]¥-en-°p-Ibpw A[n-I-ambn P\-߃ kXyw kzoI-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xm-sW∂pwA√mlp Fs∂ Adn-bn-®n- p-≠v. AXn-\m¬ B Znh-k-߃ ImØp sIm≠n-cn-°p-I. B Hmtcm-cp-Ø-tcbpw AXmXp ImeØv amXta Xncn-®-dn-bp-I-bp-≈q-sh∂ Imcyw Hm¿Ωn-°p-I. CXn\pap≥]v B hy‡nsb Hcp km[m-cW hy‡n-bmbn It≠-°mw. (A¬h-kn-ø-Øv) hnh: aue-hn. \Po-_vJm≥ F®v.G

Jnem- Øv Hcp ssZhnI hmKvZm\w

hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\n-eqsS A√mlp kXy-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ°pw k¬I¿a-Im-cn-Iƒ°pw \¬Ip∂ hmKvZm-\-amWv Jnem- -Øv. (kqd: A∂q¿ 56)

ssZhnI hmKvZm-\-ambXpsIm≠v Xs∂ AXns‚ ]q¿Øo-I-c-WhpwA√mlp Xm≥ Xs∂ Gs‰-Sp-°p-∂p. ]hm-NI Ncn-X-tØmfw Xs∂Jnem- -Øn\pw ]g-°-ap-s≠∂v hnip≤Jp¿-B≥ ]d-bp-∂p. ]hm-NINcy-I-sfbpw hnizm-km-Z¿i-ß-tfbpw Ah¿°p-tijw A\p-kyqXwsIm≠p-\-S-°p∂ Jeo-^-am¿ ssZhnI ]Imi ]Xn-_nw_ Z¿∏-W-ß-fmb ]hm-N-I-Xz-Øns‚ ]kv pcW-amWv \S-Øp-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠v Xs∂ ssZhnIhN-\-߃ P\-߃°v HmXn-tIƒ∏n-°p-Ibpw Ahsc ]cn-ip-≤o-I-cn-°p-I-bpw, KŸhpw XXz-⁄m-\hpw ]Tn-∏n-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.

ssZh-Z-Ø-amb Dƒ°m-gvNbpw A\n-Xc km[m-c-W-amb t\Xr-ssh- -hhpw A`u-Zn-I-amb Znhy-⁄m-\-ß-fpw, FXn-cm-fn-Iƒt]mepw \a-in-c-kvI-cm-hp∂ apJ-Im-¥nbpw Jem-^-Øns\ A\p-]-a-am-°p-∂p. CussZhn-Im-\p-K-l-Øns‚ ss\cy-¥-cy-Øn\v F¥pw XymKw sNøm≥ Xøm-dm-tI-≠Xv Hmtcm hnizm-kn-bp-tSbpw IS-abpw I¿Ø-hy-hp-am-Wv.

lZvdXv apkvenlv auDu-Zv(-d) ]d-bp∂p: ap_-√n-Kvamcpw D]-tZ-i-IcpwaptJ\ IqsS IqsS Pam-A-Øp-I-fpsS ImXp-I-fn¬ FtØ≠ i_vZwA©p-cq-]-tbm, Aøm-bncw cq]-tbm, A©v e£w cq]-tbm, A©vtImSn cq]tbm A√, temI-Øp≈ apgp-h≥ Poh\pw Jeo- -bpsS Hcm-⁄°v ap∂n¬ XyPn-°-s∏-Sp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬t]mepw AXn\v HcpA¿Yhpw Cs√-∂pw,-AXv kvacn-°-s∏-Sm≥ amXw H∂p-a-s√-∂p-am-Wv.......Cu kwK-Xn-Iƒ Hmtcm ]pcp-j-\pw, kvXobpw, Ip´nbpw, hr≤\pw \√-t]mse a\-kn-em-°p-Ibpw Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-ß-fn¬ apZn-X-am-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ A⁄X sIm≠v kw`-hn-°p∂ Imen-S¿® P\-߃°v Fßns\ D≠mhm\mWv?..... G‰hpw ][m\ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw]fin-X-∑m¿°v taem-Wv....... \ΩpsS Pam-A-Ønse ]fin-X-∑m¿°vP\-ßsf k∂-≤-cm-°m≥ Ign-bpw. AXp-t]mse ssZh-Z-Ø-ambnhn⁄m\w e`n-®-h¿°pw ssZh-`bw Xß-fpsS lrZ-b-ß-fn¬ D≈-h¿°pw ssZhnI kvt\lw Xß-fpsS lrZ-b-ß-fn¬ sIm≠p \S-°p-∂-h¿°pw sNøp-∂-h¿°pw CXn\v Ignbpw. Aßs\ Ah¿°v P\-ß-fpsS I¿a-ßsf ]cn-jvI-cn-®p-sIm≠v Cu cwK-tØ°v P\-ßsfXøm-dm-°m\pw A√m-lp-hns‚ ZrjvSn-bn¬ Ime-Øns‚ Jeo- -bpsS\mC_pamcm-Im\pw Ign-bp-∂-Xm-Wv. (ln-kzm¿, t]Pv:4)

Jksd Jnem- Øv hn- -P-\-Øn\v apºv lZvdXv apkvenlv

auDu-Zv (-d) s‚ Hm^o-km-bn-cp-∂p.

]n∂oSv sse_-dn-bm-°n.

Page 7: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

2011 sabv7

\_nhN\-ß-fn-eqsS\_nhN\-ß-fn-eqsS\_nhN\-ß-fn-eqsS\_nhN\-ß-fn-eqsS\_nhN\-ß-fn-eqsS

\_n Xncp-ta-\n(-k) apP-±n-Zns\ Ipdn®v ]h-

Nn-®-t∏mƒ Xs∂ \¬Inb as‰mcp Adn-bn-∏v,

akolv h∂m¬ kpΩ-X-Iq\p Jnem- -Øp≥

Aem an≥lm-Pn-∂p_p∆ F∂m-Wv. ]ns∂ apP-

±n-Zn-øØv D≠m-Ip-∂-X-√. adn®v \p_p-∆-

Øns‚ am¿K-Øn¬ Jnem- Øv XpS-cp-∂-Xm-

Wv. \_n(-k) apP-±n-Zn-b-Øns\ Ipdn®v amX-

amWv ]h-Nn-®n-cp-∂-sX-¶n¬ AØcw apP-

±nZvam¿ hcp-sa∂v a\-kn-em-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p.

F∂m¬ Xncp-\-_n(-k) Xs∂ hni-Zo-I-cn-®-

Xv, akolv auDuZv h∂-Xn\v tijw apP-±n-Zn-

øØv XpS-cn-s√∂pw adn®v Jnem- Øv ho≠pw

Bcw-`n-°p-sa-∂p-am-Wv. CXv _p≤n-]-c-ambpw

icn-bmb cq]-am-Wv. AXv shfn-s∏-SpI F∂Xv

_p≤n°v tbmPn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Jnem-

^sØ dmlnZ \ne-\n¬°p-thmfw Bh-iy-

ambn h∂m¬ A√mlp B Jeo-^-am-cn¬

\n∂v apP-±n-Zp-am-scbpw D≠m-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.

AXm-bXv NneImcy-ß-fn¬ Nne Jeo-^-

am¿°v ]tXyIw Xu^oJv \¬Ip-∂-Xm-Wv.

AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ CXn¬ Ahy-‡-X-bn√.

kpΩ-X-Iq\p Jnem- -Øp≥ Aem an≥lm-Pn-∂p-_p∆:

ho≠pw \p_p-∆-Øns‚ am¿K-Øn¬ Jnem- Øv D≠m-Ip-∂-XmWv(ap-kv\Zv AlvaZv : anivImØv _m_p¬ A≥Zm-dp-h-Ø-lvZo¿)

lZvdXv an¿km Xmln¿ Alv-a-Zv,

Jnem- Øv k®-cn-X-am-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒ AXn-

s∂-Xn-cn¬ A√mlp apP-±n-Zns\ Fgp-t∂¬∏n-

°p-∂-X-√. amX-a-√, GsX-¶nepw Jeo- °v

A\n-X-c-km-[m-c-W-amb \ne-bn¬ Zo\ns\

]p\-cp-Po-hn-∏n-°m-\p≈ Xu^oJv \¬Ip-∂-

Xn¬ F¥v XS-k-am-Wp-≈Xv?

F∂m¬ Jnem- -Øns‚ ÿm\w apP-±n-Zn-ø-

Øns‚ ÿm\Øn\p- ap-I-fnem-Wv. -J-eo-^-

am¿, amaq¿ (ssZh \ntbm-Kn-X-s‚) s‚ ]Xn-

\n[n F∂ \ne-bn¬ Dƒs°m-≈p-∂-h-cm-Wv.

AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ Ah-cpsS _bv-AØpw

Ahsc A\p-k-cn-°epw \n¿_-‘-am-°n-bn-cn-

°p-∂p. apP-±n-Zns\ _bv-AØv sNøp-∂-Xpw,

apP-±n-Zn-b-Øns‚ hnfw-_-chpw IqSn \n¿_-

‘-an-√.... AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ apP-±n-Zn-ø-Øn\v

Jnem-^Ønt\-°mfpw tijvSX I¬∏n-

°mt\ km[y-a-√.

_bv-AØv sNø-W-sa∂pw A\p-k-cn-°-W-

sa∂pw DΩ-Øn-t\mSv \njvI¿jn-®Xv FX

al-Ø-c-am-Wv, AtX kabw kzX-¥-ambn

hnSp-Ibpw apP-±nZv BsW∂v t]mepw Adn-

bm-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw (]e-t∏mgpw GsX-¶nepw

alm-flm-hns‚) ac-W-Øn\v \qdv h¿j-߃

Ign-bp-tºm-gmWv Ah¿ apP-±n-Zm-sW∂v shfn-

s∏-Sp-∂Xp-Øs∂ ˛ sNøp-∂Xv FhnsS

\n¬°p∂p?

\n߃ apP-±n-Zns‚ bmYm¿Yyw a\-kn-em-°n-

bm¬ ]ns∂ a\-kn¬ Hcp ]iv\hpw D≠m-

Ip-∂-X-√. AlvaZn-ø-Øns‚ A[ym-]\w

AXn¬ apP-±n-Zvamsc Ipdn-®p≈ lZo-kp-Iƒ

amX-a-√, CkvemanI A[ym-]-\-߃ A\p-k-

cn®v a\-kn-em-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ Gsd wKn-bp-

≈-Xpw, hy‡-X-bp≈Xpamb Hcp-LS\ sXfn-

bp-∂-XmWv. AXn¬ bmsXm-cp-hn[ Clash Dw

D≠m-bn-cp-∂-X-√.(Ah: AJv_msd AlvaZnøm P¿a\n, t]Pv: 22,

sabv Pq¨ 1993, Bi-bm-\p-]mZw : kKo¿ F®v.-Fkv)

lZvdXv Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv km\n (-d)

Jeo^ apP-±n-Zn-t\-°mƒ hep-Xm-Wv. At±-l-Øns‚tPmen-Xs∂ ico-A-Øns‚ I¬]-\-Isf \S-∏n¬ hcp-Øp-I-bm-Wv. ZoZns\ \ne-\n¿Øp-I-bm-Wv. Jeo- -bpsSkm∂n-[y-Øn¬ Fßn-s\-bmWv apP-±nZv hcnI?(A¬^Zv¬ 18˛4˛1947)

lZvdXv Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv kmen-kv (-d-lv )

lZvdXv akolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚ BK-a-\-Øn\v tijw apP-±n-Zp-am-cpsS BK-a\ irwJe Ah-km-\n-®n-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂vHmtcm AlvaZnbpw \√-t]mse a\-kn-em-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. A√mlp Ahs‚ A\p-K-lm-Xn-tcIw sIm≠vamXw ]hm-N-I-∑mcpsS amXr-I-bn-ep≈ Jnem-^Øvÿm]n-®ncn°pIbmWv. \nw-ibw, Jeo- -am¿ apP-±n-Zp-am¿ Xs∂-bm-Wv. Cu kwhn-[m-\sØ A\n-Xc km[m-c-W-amb kvt\lhpw, A¿∏-W-t_m-[-hpw, ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ km[y-a-√mØ ]Xn-_-‘-XbpwsIm≠v kwc-£n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. Ckvemans‚ B`yp-∂-Xn°v th≠n,C∂sØ Xe-ap-d-am-X-a√ hcpw Ime Xe-ap-d-I-fpsS lrZ-b-ß-fnepw C°mcyw cpVaqe amt°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.(sam-do-jykv P¬km-km-em-\°v Ab® ktµiw 1977)

Jnem- Øv

apkvenw temI-Øns‚ ]Xymi

“A√mlp Dt±-in-°p-∂n-S-tØmfw \nß-fn¬ ]hm-N-IXzw Ah-ti-jn-°pw...........XpS¿∂v ]hm-N-IXz amXr-I-bn¬ Jnem-^Øv \ne-hn¬hcpw................ XpS¿∂v ]cp-°≥ cmPm-[n-]Xyw \ne-hn¬h-cpw.............. XpS¿∂v XZvÿm-\Øv tkzOm-[n-]Xya¿±I `c-W-IqSw \ne-hn¬ hcpw........ ]n∂oSv ho≠pw]hm-N-I-Xz-Øns‚ amXr-I-bn-ep≈ Jnem- Øvhcpw.î(A-Sn-°p-dn∏v: AlvaZpw _mdpw lpssZ- -Øp¬ bam-\n¬ \n∂v CXv ]q¿W-cq-]-Øn¬ D≤-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p........ aPva-D--hm-C-Zns‚ I¿Ømhpw Cu lZokns‚dnt∏m¿´¿am¿ hniz-kvX-cm-sW∂v ]kvXm-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.A¬_m-\nbpw kzoImcy tbmKy-amb lZokpIfn-emWvCXv FÆn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv)Xncp-ta\n Cu lZo-kn¬ ]h-Nn® Jnem- -Øp¿dm-in-Z-bpw, ]cp-°≥ cmP- -c-W-hpw, tkzOm-[n-]-Xy-hp-sa√mwA£-cw-]Xn ]n∂oSv ]pe-cp-I-bp-≠m-bn. Xncp-\_nhmKvZØw sNbvX ]hm-N-IØ amXr-I-bn-ep≈ Jnem-^tØ C\n ]pe-cm≥ _m°n-bp-≈q. ssZth-O-bm¬AXpw ]pe-cm-Xn-cn-°n-√. Xo¿®.”(]-t_m-[-Is‚ kwkvIm-cw, t]Pv: 99 bqkp^p¬J¿fm-hn, ]km-[\w sF.-]n.-F®v tImgn-t°m-Sv)

Jnem- Øv

cmPm-[n-Im-c-a-√.

˛ amem\m auZq-Zn˛

kqd-Øp-∂q-dnse 56˛mwBb-Øns‚ ASn-°p-dn-∏n¬ auem\m auZqZnFgp-Xp∂p:`qan-bn¬ B¿°v A[n-Imcw e`n-°p-∂pthm Ah¿°vJnem-^Øv ]mXn-\n[yw e`n®p F∂v Nne¿ CXn\vA¿Yw a\-kn-em-°p-∂p-≠v. F∂m¬ B¿ kXy-hn-izm-kn-I-fm-Ip-∂pthm Ah¿°v A√mlp Jnem-^Øv\¬Ipw F∂mWv kq‡-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. (Jp¿-B≥ `mjyw t]Pv: 473, sF.-]n.-F-®v, 2010)

hnem]w

kp]-kn≤ D¿Zp IhnA√mam CJv_m¬ ]d-bp∂p:ì Jnem- -Øn-√m-ØXv ImcWwtemIØv Ac-£n-Xm-h-ÿ-bm-Wv. ]q¿∆nI-cpsS Pohm-flmhpw ]c-am-flmhpamb AXns\Fhn-sS- \n-s∂-¶nepw Xnc-™p-sIm-≠p-h-cq.

C\n apP-±n-Zp-am¿ h-cn√!C\n apP-±n-Zp-am¿ h-cn√!C\n apP-±n-Zp-am¿ h-cn√!C\n apP-±n-Zp-am¿ h-cn√!C\n apP-±n-Zp-am¿ h-cn√!

Page 8: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

82011 sabv

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Camap-kams‚

^XvhIƒ

I¿ai-mkvXwI¿ai-mkvXwI¿ai-mkvXwI¿ai-mkvXwI¿ai-mkvXw

F√m mj-Ifpw A√m-lp-hmWv D≠m-°n-bn-cn-°p-

∂-Xv, AXp-sIm≠v G‰hpw \√-t]mse Adnbp-

∂ kz¥w `mj-bn¬ \a-kvIm-c-Øn¬ ZpxB

sNtø-≠-Xm-Wv. ImcWw AXv lrZ-bØn¬

]`mhw sNep-Øp-∂p. Aßns\ Xmgvabpw,

B¿Z-Xbpw D≠m-hp-∂p.

ssZhnI hN-\-߃ Ad-_n-bn¬ Xs∂ ]mcm-

bWw sNø-Ww. AXns‚ A¿Yw a\-kn-em-°p-

I. ZpxB Iƒ kz¥w mj-bnepw sNøp-I. thKw

thKw \a-kvI-cn-°p-∂-h-cpw, \a-kvImc tijw

\o≠ \o≠ ZpxB-Iƒ sNøp-∂-hcpw bYm¿Yyw

a\-kn-em-°m-Ø-h-cm-Wv. ZpxB-bpsS kabw \a-

kvIm-c-am-Wv. \a-kvIm-c-Øn¬ A[n-I-a-[nIw

ZpxB-Iƒ sNøp-I. ( -Xmh : t]. 25)

Pam-A-Ømb \a-kvIm-c-Øn\v IqSp-X¬ Iqen

sh®-Xns‚ Dt±-iyw, Aßs\ hlvZØv (G-I-

X) ssIh-cp∂p F∂-Xm-Wv. Cu GI-XzsØ

]mh¿Øn-I-am-sW-∂-Xn\v FX-tØmfw \n¿t±-

ihpw Xm°o-Xp-ap-s≠-∂m¬, ]c-kv]cw Imep-Iƒ

H∏w sh°-W-sa∂pw, kz v p-Iƒ t\c-bm-°-

W-sa∂pw ]c-kv]cw IqSn-tN¿∂v \n¬°-W-sa

∂pw ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂p. CXns‚ hnh£ F√m-h

cpw Hcp a\p-jy≥ F∂ \ne-bn¬ Bhp-Ibpw

]c-kv]cw ]Imiw Bhm-ln-°-W-sa-∂pw, Al-

¶m-chpw kzm¿Y-Xbpw D≠m-h-cp-sX-∂p-am-Wv. \√-

t]mse Hm¿°p-I, a\p-jy\v CXn-\p≈ Ign-hp-≠v.

( -Xmh, t]. 42)

Z¬ln Ppam-a-kvPnZv I≠-t∏mƒ lpkq¿(-A)

]d™p: akvPn-Zp-I-fpsS kuµcyw sI´n-S-Øn-t‚-

X-√. adn®v Bflm¿Y-X-tbmSp IqSn \a-kvI-cn-

°p-∂-h-cp-ambn _‘-s∏- n-cn-°p-∂p......... akvPn-

Zp-I-fpsS `wKn \a-kvIm-c-°m-cp-ambn tN¿∂n-cn-

°p-∂p. akvPn-Zp-Iƒ, XJvhbn¬ A[n-jvTn-X-ambn

\n¿an-°-W-sa-∂mWv Iev]n-°-s∏- n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

( -Xmh : t]: 24)

\a-kvIm-c-Øn¬

kz¥w `mj-bn¬ ZpxB

akvPnZpw kuµ-cyhpw

\a-kvIm-c-Øn¬ kz¥w `mj-bn¬ Dds° ZpxB- sNm-√p-∂-Xn-s\-Ip-dn®v

lZvdXv Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv km\n(-d) ]d-bp-∂p.

Jnem- Øv - hnh£

Jeo^ F∂-Xns‚ hnhn£ ]Xn-\n[n

F∂m-Wv. AXm-bXv Zo\ns\ ]p\¿Po-hn-∏n-

°p-I-bpw, \_n-am-cpsS Ime-tijw ]c-

°p∂ A‘-Im-csØ Zqco-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-∂p-

th≠n Ah-cpsS ÿm\Øv hcp∂ Bsf-

bmWv Jeo^ F∂v ]d-bp-∂-Xv.

(a¬^q-kmØv `mKw: 2, t]Pv: 449)

Zo\ns‚ kwc-£Ww

dkq¬ acn-°p-tºmƒ temIØv Hcp `qI

ºw Xs∂ D≠mIpw. AXv Gsd `bm-\-I-

amb ka-b-am-bn-cn-°pw. ]t£ A√mlp

Jeo^ aptJ\ AØcw Ah-ÿsb C√m

bva sNøp-∂p. as‰mcp hn[-Øn¬ ]d-

™m¬ Jeo^ aptJ\ AXns\ ]p\-kw-

c-£n-°p-∂p.

(A¬lIw 14˛4˛1908)

CXv kw_-‘-ambn lZvdXv akolv auDu-Zv(-A)

s‚ ^Xvh ap≥]pw ]e-X-hW Rm≥ ]cm-a¿in-

®n- p-≠v. Cub-SpØv A¬ -Zvenepw AXv ]kn-

≤o-I-cn-®n-cp-∂p. lZvd-Xv akolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚

\n¿t±-iw, ]c-º-cm-K-X-ambn sNbvXp-h-cp∂ ZpxB-

Iƒ amXta \a-kvIm-c -Øn¬ Dds° sNm√m≥

]mSp≈q F∂-Xm-Wv. C\n kz¥w `mj-bn¬

Fs¥-¶nepw ZpxB sNm√-W-sa-∂p-s≠-¶n¬

Xs∂, AXv Dds° sNm√p-∂-Xn\v ]I-cw, a\-

kn¬ sNm√m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. CXv kw_-‘-ambn Fs‚

coXn, ]c-º-cm-K-X-amb ZpxB-I-fn¬ Rm≥ lZvdXv

akolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚ ZpxB-I-tfbpw Dƒs∏-Sp-Øm-

dp-≠v. ImcWw hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\n-tebpw lZo-kp-

I-fn-tebpw ZpxB-Iƒ sNm√p-∂-Xn-ep≈ AtX

bp‡n-X-s∂-bmWv lZvdXv akolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚

C¬lm-ap-I-fn-ep-ap-≈-Xv.

bYm¿YØn¬ hy‡n-KX Bh-iy-ß-fp-tSbpw

A`n-emj-ß-fp-tSbpw Imcy-Øn¬ amXr- m-j-bn¬

Xs∂-bmWv, ]`mhn-Xhpw DØ-a-hp-amb coXn-

bn¬ ZpxB-sN-øm≥ Ign-bp-I. a\p-jy≥ Nn¥n-

°p-Ibpw Btem-Nn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ mj-bn¬,

Ah≥ ]tXyIw Ign-hp-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. AXp-

sIm≠v Xs∂ icn-bm-bn-co-Xn-bn¬ Xs‚ lrZ-b-

hn-Im-c-ß-tf-bpw, AI-Xm-cns‚ Ah-ÿ-I-tfbpw

B `mj-bn¬ ]I-Sn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xm-Wv.

]q¿W-ambpw hg-ßmØ `mj-bn¬ Hcmƒ°pw

Xs‚ hnIm-c-ßsf ]kv]jvS-am-°m≥ Ign-bn-√.

Bb-Xn-\m¬ A√m-lp-hp-am-bp≈ hy‡n-KX

_‘-Øn¬ amXr- m-j-bn¬ ZpxB-sN-tø-≠Xpw

A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. F∂m¬ CXns‚ hnh-£,

AØcw ZpxB-Iƒ D®-Øn¬ sNm√-W-sat∂m,

As√-¶n¬ Camw, D¿Zp-hn-tem, at‰-sX-¶nepw mj-

bntem Dds° ZpB sNø-W-sat∂m A√. a\-

kn¬ CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ ZpxB-Iƒ Abmƒ°v

sN√m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. F∂m¬ D®-Øn¬, ]tXy-In®v

Camw, hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\nepw lZo-kp-I-fnepw

ÿnc-s∏-´n-´p≈ ZpxB-I-fn¬ \n∂v amXta

sNm√m-hq. CXns‚ bp‡n Fs¥-∂m¬ amXr- m-

j-bn¬ ZpxB sNøp-tºmƒ a\p-jy\v icn-bm-b-

\n-e-bn¬ ico-A-Øns‚ Dt±-iyw- ]q¿Øn-bm-°m≥

Ign-b-W-sa-¶n¬ DZm-l-c-W-ambn ZpxB-sN-øp-

tºmƒ a\p-jy≥ Nne-t∏mƒ ssZhnI kzn -Øp-

Isf A√m-lp-hns‚ ap∂n¬ DW¿Øp-∂p. a‰v

Nne-t∏mƒ A√m-lp-hn\v Zmk-cp-am-bp≈ _‘

sØ ap≥\n¿Øn ZpxB-sN-tø-≠n-h-cp-∂p....

(^nJvlv AlvaZnøm `mKw : 1, t]Pv: 112, 113)

hnh: Sn.-Fw. A_vZp¬ apPo-_v, XΩ-\w.

Hcp ]cn-ip≤ i]Yw1960 P\p-hcn 24 \v lZvdXv apkvenlv auDu-

Zv(-d) ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ IqSn-b-hsc apgp-h≥ Fgp-

t∂¬∏n®p \n¿Øn Xmsg tN¿°p∂ i]Yw

sNm√n-s°m-Sp-Øp.

“R߃ Jnem- -Øns‚ kwc-£-W-Øn\pw

AXns‚ \ne-\n¬∏n\pw Ah-km\ izmkw-h-

scbpw ]cn-i-an-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. Xe-apd Xe-ap-d-

bmbn Jnem-^-Øp-ambn tN¿∂n-cn-°m\pw

AXns‚ A\p-K-l-ß-fn¬ \n∂v ]tbm-P-\-

sa-Sp-°m\pw D]-tZ-in®p sImSp-°p-∂-Xp-am-Wv.

Aßns\ AlvaZnøm Jnem-^Øv A¥y-

\mƒhsc kp`Z-ambn \ne-\n¬°p-am-dm-I-s´.

A¥y-\mƒh-scbpw AlvaZnøm ]ÿm\w

aptJ\ Ckvemans‚ ktµi ]N-c-Whpw \S-

°p-am-dm-I-s´. apl-ΩZv dkq-ep-√m-lv(-k)s‚

]XmI temI-Ønse k¿h ]Xm-I-Iƒ°pw

aosX ]d-°p-am-dm-I-s´.”

(A¬^Zv¬ 12˛02˛1960)

Pam-A-Ømb \a-kvImcw

lZvdXv Dkvam≥(d) Iem-]-Im-cn-I-tfmSv ]d™p:

\nß-sfs∂ h[n-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ A√m-lp-hmsW F\n-°v tijw \nß-fn¬

sFIyw \ne-\n¬°p-∂-X-√. Hcn-°epw Hcp-an-®p-IqSn H∂n®v \n߃°v \a-kv°-cn-

°m\pw km[y-a-√. F\n°v tijw \n߃°v Hcn-°epw H‰-sI- mbn iXp-°ƒs°-

Xnsc bp≤w sNøm\pw Ignbn-√. (Xm-coJv Xzn_vcn)

Page 9: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

2011 sabv9

hn\bwl. Kpemw apl-ΩZv Jm≥ kmln_v ]d-bp∂p:

lZvdXv akolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚ ImeØv JmZn-

bm-\n¬ hcp-tºm-sg√mw Hcp hr≤s\ hfsc

hn\-b-]q¿∆w, Xmgva-b-tbmsS sNcn-∏p-I-fn¬

Ccn-°p-∂Xv I≠n-´p-≠v. lpkq¿(-A)s‚

hntbmK hm¿Ø Adn-™-t∏mƒ Rßfpw

]nb lpkq-dns\ Ah-km-\-ambn H∂v ImWm

≥ JmZn-bm-\n¬ FØn. JmZn-bm-\n¬ FØn-

bXpw, _lnivXn aJv_-d-bpsS ASp-Øp≈

tXm´-Øn¬ ]pXnb Camw Jeo-^-Øp¬

akolv _bv-AØv kzoI-cn-°p-∂p-s≠∂v

Adn-bm≥ Ign-™p. Aßns\ Rßfpw FX

bpw thKw AhnsS FØn, F∂m¬ AhnsS

I≠ Imgv® Rßsf B›cy`cn-X-cm-°n.

sNcn-∏p-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ CSw In´n-bn-cp∂ B

hr≤≥ lZvdXv akolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚ BZy

sØ Jeo^ F∂ \ne-bn¬ _bv-AØv kzoI-

cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

l. anbm≥ A_vZp-√mlv kmln_v ]d-bp-I-

bm-Wv, CXp ]d-bp-tºmƒ Kpemw apl-ΩZv

Jm≥ kmln_v hnIm-c- -cn-X-\m-bn- I-c-bp-I-bm-

bn-cp∂p. XpS¿∂v ]d™p: A√m-lp-hns‚

]Xm]w t\m°p-I, akolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚

sNcp-∏p-I-fn¬ Ccp-∂n-cp∂p Cu hr≤≥ C∂v

Jnem- -Øns‚ ÿm\Øv D]-hn-jvS-\m-Wv.

(Ah: khm-\nlv ^Zvse Da¿(-d)

by. l. an¿km Xzmln¿ AlvaZv(-d-lv)

A\p-k-cWwl. Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv A∆¬(-d) ]d-bp∂p:

F\n°pw anbm≥ (alvaqZv) kmln-_n-\p-an-S-

bn¬ bmsXmcp X¿°-hp -an -√. Aßs\

Ds≠∂v ]d-bp-∂-h≥ ap\m-^nJv BWv.

At±lw Fs∂ G‰hpw \√-\n-e-bn¬ A\p-

k-cn-°p∂ Bfm-Wv. A\p-k-c-W-Øns‚

G‰hpw DZm-Ø-amb amXr-I-Iƒ ImgvN-sh-°p-

∂p. Fs‚ ap∂n¬ D®-Øn¬ kwkm-cn-°p-I-

t]m-ep-an-√. At±lw A\p-k-c-W-Øns‚

Hu∂n-Xy-Øn-em-Wp-≈-Xv.

(Jp-Xv_msØ \q¿ t]Pv:622)

Ime-Øns‚ Jeo^tIW¬ ZmhqZv AlvaZv kmln_v Fgp-Xp∂p:

lZvdXv an¿km \mkn¿ AlvaZv kmln_v

auehn ^mkn¬, ]co-£-°p≈ Xøm-sd-Sp-

∏n\v tIm´n-Zm-dp--em-an¬ hcm-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

AhnsS Fs‚ `mcy ˛A∂-h¿°v 7 hbkv

]mbw ImWpw˛ lpkq-dns‚ ]nXr-k-tlm-Zco

]pXn-bpw lZvdXv apl-ΩZv A_vZp-√mlv Jm≥

kmln-_ns‚ aI-fp -am -Wv˛ °v kvt\l-

tØmsS anTm-bn-sIm-Sp-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp

Znhkw Ah¿ lpkq-dn -t\mSv tNmZn®p;

Xm¶fpw Fs∂-¶nepw Jeo^ BIptam? CXv

tI´ DSs\ B Ip´nsb ASn-®p-sIm≠v ]d-

™p, “Hcp Jeo-^bpsS Pohn-X-Im-e-Øv,

as‰m-cm-fp-sS -t]cv B ÿm\-tØ°v ]d-bp-

∂-Xp -t]mepw ]m]-am-Wv.”î

(Ah : Jmen-Zv, kønZv\m \mkn¿ ]Xn-∏v,

G]n¬ sabv 1983, t]Pv: 92)

ka¿∏Wwl. Jeo-^-Øp¬ akolv dm_n-Av (d-lv)

“l. Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv kmenkv (d--lv)s‚

Xnc-s™-Sp-∏ns\ XpS¿∂v AhnsS FØnb

F√m-hcpw Hcp Hgn-I-gnhpw IqSmsX _bv-

AØv sNbvXp......... A√m-lp-hns‚ A\p-K-

l-Øm¬ Rm\pw A°q-´-Øn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-

∂p. ho´n-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒ Fs‚ D≈n¬ Hcp-

]mSv Aip-≤n-bpw, sX‰n-≤m-c-W-Ifpw D≈-

Xmbn I≠p. AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ Fs‚

lrZbw lpkq-dns‚ khn-[-Øn¬ D]-lm-c-

ambn ka¿∏n-°m≥ tbmKy-a-s√∂v Icp-Xn.

]ns∂ Rm≥ IÆo-cp-sIm≠v AXns\ Igp-

Ip-Ibpw A√m-lp-hns‚ khn-[-Øn¬ hn\-b-

]q¿∆w hogp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cu lrZbw

lpkq-dn\v D]-lm-c-ambn ka¿∏n-°m≥ A¿l-

amtWm A√tbm F∂pw, AXn\v ku`mKyw

\¬I-W-sa∂pw d∫n-t\mSv A¿Yn-®p-sIm

≠ncp-∂p. XpS¿∂v Rm≥ lpkq-dn\v Hcp

\mgn-I-°-√p-Iƒ

IsØ-gp-Xn. AXn-ß-s\-bm-Wv, C∂-tØ-m-Sp-

IqSn Fs‚ lrZbw, Fs‚ a\kv Aß-bpsS

Xr∏m-Z-ß-fn¬ ka¿∏n-X-am-Wv. Fs‚ d∫v

F\n-°-Xn\v Xu^oJv \¬Ip-sa∂v Rm≥

]Xo-£n-°p-∂p. Aß-tbmSv F\n-s°mcp

At]-£-bp-≠v. l. apkvenlv auDu-Zns‚ a°-

fn¬ G‰-hp-a-[nIw hn\-bhpw XmgvNbpw Aß-

bpsS tkh-\-Øn-\p≈ Ah-k-chpw kvt\

lhpw F\n°v In´m≥ th≠n Aßv ZpxB

sNbvXmepw.”

(Jp-Xv_msØ Xzmln¿ `mKw: 2, t]Pv: 13)

]h-N\wlZvdXv an¿km akvdq¿ AlvaZv kmln-_ns\

]m°n-ÿm≥ \mkn¿ AAvem Bbn \nb-an-

®p-sIm≠v l. Jeo-^-Øp¬ akolv dm_n-

Av (d-lv) ]d-™p.

lZvdXv an¿km a≥kq¿ AlvaZv kmln-_n-\p-

th≠n ZpxB sNøm≥ Rm≥ apgp-h≥ Pam-A-

Øp-I-fp-sSbpw i≤ £Wn-°p-I-bm-Wv. IqSmsX

an¿km akvdq¿ AlvaZv kmln-_n-\p-th-≠nbpw

ZpxB- sN-øp-I. A√mlp At±-l-tØbpw icn-

bmb \ne-bn¬ ]Xn-\n-[n B°p-am-dm-I-s´. \o

\ΩpsS ÿeØv Ccn°q F∂ hnjbw ]q¿Æ-

ambpw At±-l-Øn¬ km¿∞-I-am-Ip-am-dm-I-s´.

A√mlp Ft∏mgpw Xm≥ Xs∂ At±-lsØ

kwc-£n-°p-Ibpw klm-bn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-am-dm-

I-s´. (Jp-Xp_ 12˛12˛1997)

Victory and Successes

is our Destiny

Khalifatul Messih III(r.a)

Page 10: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

102011 sabv

]Xn-\n-[n- : lpkq¿, Aß-bpsS Ip´n-°m-e-

sØ-Ip-dn®v R߃°v ]d™p Xcmtam?....

lpkq¿ : Hcp-]mSv Imcy-ß-fp-≠v. F\n°v 15

hbkv D≈-t∏m-gmWv lZvdXv Jeo-^-Øp¬

akolv km\n(-d) h^m-Øm-hp-∂-Xv. sNdp-

]m-b-Øn¬ Xs∂ Hcp BZ-chpw _lp-am-

\hpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. At±lw Fs‚ amXm-a-

l-\m-bn-cp-∂n´pw At±-l-Øn\v ap∂n¬ kwkm-

cn-°m≥ ss[cy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. hfsc BZ-c-

]q¿hw t]mbn, BZ-c-]q¿hw Ccn-°p-am-bn-cp-

∂p. Jnem-^n-t\m-Sp≈ BZ-c-hns‚ Hcp

kw`hw Hm¿a-h-cp-∂p, AXmWv Fs‚ lrZ-b-

Øn¬ Jnem- -Øn-t\m-Sp≈ BZ-chv A[n-I-

cn-∏n-®-Xv. Fs‚ ]nXm-a-l≥ lZvdXv an¿km

ico v Alv aZv kmln-_v, lZvdXv Jeo- -

Øp¬ akolv km\n(-d)s‚ sNdnb ktlm-

Z-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp Znhkw At±lw Ft∂bpw

sIm≠v lpkq-dns\ ImWm≥ t]mbn (l.

an¿km ico^v AlvaZv kmln_v acn-°p-

tºmƒ F\n°v 11 hbkv ]mb-am-bn-cp-∂p.

AXm-bXv Fs∂-sIm≠pt]mIp-tºmƒ 9/10

hbkv As√-¶n¬ AXnepw Ipd-hm-bn-cp-∂p)

R߃ d_vhbnse Jkvsd Jnem- -Øn¬

FØn. akvPnZv ap_m-d-°ns‚ `mK-Øp≈

Ihm-S-Øn\v Iosg \n∂v Fs∂ apI-fn-te°v

Ab-®p-sIm≠v ]d-™p, Rm≥ ImWm≥ h∂n-

cn-°p-∂p-sh∂v ]d-bq.

lZvdXv Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv km\o(-d), B

Znh-k-ß-fn¬ tcmKm-Xp-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. apI-fnse

dqan¬ hni-an-°p-I-bmWv sNdnb ktlm-Z-\m-

sW∂v ]d™v t\sc ho´n-te°v Ib-dn-s®-

√p-I-b√ sNbvX-Xv. Ft∂mSv ]d™p BZyw

lpkq-dns\ hnhcw Adn-bn-°p-I. B Znh-k-

ß-fn¬ tOm´n-B∏m (lp-kq-dns‚ kl-[¿an-

Wn)-bm-bn-cp∂p lpkq-dns‚ IqsS D≠m-bn-cp-

∂-Xv. Rm≥ ]d™p ZmZm-Pm≥ (R-߃

A∫m-Pm≥ F∂mWv hnfn-®n-cp-∂-Xv) ImWm≥

h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. Ah¿ ]d-™p, icn, hcm≥ ]d-

bq, lpkq¿ InS-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tOm´o-B-

∏m, lpkq-dns‚ Xe-bn-W-°-cnsI Itk-c- C-

´p. Xmsg FØn, an¿km ico^v AlvaZv

kmln-_n-t\bpw Iq´n apI-fn-se-Øn. At±lw

A-emap Aebv°pw F∂v ]d-™v, Itk-c-

bn-en-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v ]Icw I´n-ens‚ Xmsg Ccn-

°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. ]ns∂ hfsc BZ-c-

thmsS kwkm-cn-®p. XpS¿∂v kemw ]d™v

Fgp-t∂‰v Hcp `mK-tØ°v Hcp-ßn, hn\-b-

]q¿∆w ]pd-tØ°v h∂p. Fs‚ ]nXm-a-l≥

Jnem- -Øns\ A\p-k-cn-t°≠ ]mh¿Øn-

I-cq]w F\n°v ImWn®p Xcn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

]mbw IqSp-∂-Xn-\-\p-k-cn®v Cu BZc-hv

ImcWw IqSp-X¬ `bhpw e÷bpw D≠m-bn-

s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. `bhpw t]Snbpw A√, adn®v

BZ-chv ImcWw Hcp-Xcw e÷.

]Xn-\n-[n- : At±lw Aß-bpsS amXm-a-l-

\m-sW∂v ]d-™-t√m, Cu IpSpw-_-_-

‘hpw Ku\n-°-s∏-Sm-dp-≠m-bn-cpt∂m?

lpkq¿ : At±lw Fs‚ amXm-a-l-\m-bn-

cp∂p Hcp IrXn-a-Xz-hp-an-√msX Xam-i-bn-

te¿s∏-Sp-am-bn-cp∂p. Xam-i-bpw, AXn¬ En-

joy bpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. Nne Ip´n-Iƒ apXn¿∂-

h-tcmSv ap≥I-S∂v kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xv t]mse

kwkm-cn-°m≥ R߃°v ss[cy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-

∂n-√.

]Xn-\n-[n- : Aß-bpsS ktlm-Zco ktlm-Z-

c≥am-cp-am-bp≈ _‘w Fßn-s\-bm-bn-

cp∂p?

lpkq¿ : ktlm-Zco ktlm-Z-c≥am-tcm-Sp≈

_‘w Fßn-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sht∂m? Rm≥

Fs‚ ktlm-Zco ktlm-Z-c≥am-cn¬ G‰hpw

Cf-b-h-\m-bn-cp-∂p. G‰hpw sNdnb ktlm-Z-

ct\m ktlm-Z-cntbm BsW-¶n¬ aqØ-h¿

]d-bpw, C∂Xv C∂Xv sNø-cpXv Fs∂√mw.

]t£ Fs¥ms° Xs∂-bm-bmepw Rß-

fpsS _‘w hfsc ZrV-X-c-am-bn-cp-∂p. aqØ

ktlm-Z-cn-bp-ambpw t\sc aqØ ktlm-Z-c-

\p-ambpw ]tXyIw ASp-∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

ktlm-Zco ktlm-Z-c-∑m-cp-ambn \√ _lp-

am-\hpw BZ-chpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Rms\m-cn-

°epw \oí F∂v hnfn-®n- n-√.

]Xn-\n-[n- : lpkq¿ ktlm-Zco ktlm-Z-c-

∑m-cp-am-bp≈ GsX-¶nepw Pam-A-Øo-]-c-

tam, A√m-ØtXm Bb h√ kw`-hhpw

lpkq¿ Rß-fp-ambn ]¶p-sh-°m≥ BK-

ln-°p-∂pthm?

lpkq¿ : Rß-fpsS X¿_n-øØv, R߃

Ip´n-°m-etØ AXv^m-ep¬ AlvaZn-ø-bp-

ambn _‘n-X-cm-bn-cp-∂p. Fs‚, aqØ ktlm-

Z-c≥ apl-√-bnse kCu-wB-bn-cp-∂p. Jp±m-

ap¬ AlvaZn-ø-bn¬ FØn-b-t∏msg At±lw

kCuw-Bbn. Rm≥ AXv^m-en¬ Bbn-cp-

∂p. At±lw Ft∂-°mƒ 3 hb-kn\v aqØ-

Xm-Wv. kCuw F∂ \ne°pw At±-lsØ

Rm≥ IqSp-X¬ _lp-am-\n-®n-cp-∂p.

]Xn-\n-[n- : At±lw IqSp-X¬ Instructions

X∂n-´p-≠m-bn-cpt∂m?

lpkq¿ : C√, a‰p≈-hsc i≤n-°p∂-t]mse

Fs∂bpw i≤n®n-cp-∂p. \n߃ Fs‚ tlm

_n-sb -Ip-dn®pw Xm¬]-cy-ß-sf-°p-dn-®pw

tNmZn-®n-√t√m?

]Xn-\n-[n- : lpkq¿ Ipd®v tNmZy-߃ hn´p-

I-f™-Xm-Wv. lpkq¿ A\p-h-Zn-®m¬ Ia-

a-\p-krXw tNmZn-°mw.

lpkq¿ : F\n°v ]tXyIw tlm_n-sbm∂pw

C√m-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£ ]Xn-hmbn ssKwap-Iƒ

Ifn-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. Fs‚ ]nXm-hn\v in°m¿

sNøm≥ henb Xm¬]-cy-am-bn-cp∂p. F√m

BgvNbpw Ah-[n-Zn-hkw At±lw in°m-dn\v

(th-´-°v) t]mIp-am-bn-cp-∂p. IqsS Rß-

sfbpw Iq´n-bn-cp-∂p. XpS-°-Øn¬ d_vhbn¬

aÆv sIm-≠p≈ ]mX-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. d_vhtbmSv

tN¿∂ ]tZiw ImSv ]nSn-®-Xpw. Rß-fpsS

Ip´n-°m-eØv henb P\-hmkw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-

√. R߃ \S-∂vXs∂ t]mbn-cp-∂p. d_vh°v

]pdØv IS-∂Xpw in°m¿ sNbvXp-Xp-S-ßpw.

Ct∏mƒ d_vhbn¬ Hcp-]mSv Fb¿ KÆp-Iƒ

Bbn. Ah¿ in°m-dn-s\-Xs∂ C√m-Xm-°n-

bn-cn-°p-∂p.

]Xn-\n-[n- : Fs¥-¶nepw ]tXyIw km[-\-

߃ in°m¿ sNbvXn-cpt∂m?

lpkq¿ : Acn-]m-hv, apb¬, XnØn-cn-]£n

(Partridge) IqSmsX km[m-cW ]mhpw In´p-

am-bn-cp-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v sNdp-∏-Øn¬ Xs∂

in°m-dn-t\mSv Xm¬]-cy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Rß-

fp -sS -]-°¬ Fb¿K¨ D≠m-bn -cp -∂p.

R߃ c≠v ktlm-Z-c≥am¿ XΩn¬ ]mbw

(aPvenkv Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZnøm bpsI ]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ°v A\p-h-Zn® ]tXyI A`n-apJØn¬ \n∂v)

]n-b lpkqdpambn- A`n-apJw

Page 11: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

2011 sabv11

ZAv-hsØ Ce√m-lv

X_veoKv sIm≠v ]iv\-߃ D≠m-Ip-∂p-sht∂m?˛ l. Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv IV (d-lv)

Rm≥ Pam-A-Øn\v \√-t]mse ap∂-dn-bn∏v

\¬Im≥ BK-ln-°p-I-bm-Wv. Bcp-sS-sb-¶nepw

at\makvXn-jvI-ß-fn¬, X_veoKv sIm≠v ]iv\-

߃ D≠m-hp-sa∂pw AXp-sIm≠v X_v eoKv Ipd-

henb hyXym-k-an-√m-bn-cp-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v

R߃ X\nsb in°m-dn\v t]mIm-dp-≠m-bn-

cp-∂p. P¬k-°vtijw ssht°m-en¬ Hcp-]mSv

]mhpw, a‰v ]£n-Ifpw h∂n-cp-∂p. Fb¿K¨

Iøn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-Xn-\m¬ AXp-sIm≠v Ahsb

IrXy-ambn D∂wsh®v hogvØp-Ibpw ]ns∂

\√-t]mse thhn®v ëSn°nbí D≠m°n Ign-

®n-cp-∂p. CXn-\p-]p-dta R߃ sshIp-t∂cw

]Xn-hmbn ssKwap-Iƒ Ifn-®n-cp-∂p. Rß-

fpsS hoSn\v ap∂n¬ Ku≠v D≠v. A°m-eØv

hf-sc-sbm∂pw hoSp-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. XpS-

°-Øn¬ GXm\pw hoSp-Itf D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-

≈q. hen-sbmcp ssaXm-\-am-bn-cp-∂p. AhnsS

hen-b-hcpw In°‰v Ifn-®n-cp-∂p. R߃ AXv

t\m°n-bn-cn-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. AXn-\p-tijamWv

AXn-t\mSv Xm¬]cyw D≠mb-Xv. ^Jv¿ (k-

Zv¿Jp-±mw) s‚ ]nXm-a-l\pw Hcp Soap-≠m-bn-cp-

∂p. At±lw Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p AXns‚

Iym]v‰≥. B Soan¬ At±-l-Øns‚ ktlm-Z-

c\pw thsd ]ecpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXn¬ Gsd-

t]cpw h^m-Øm-hp-I-tbm, 80, 85 hbkv FØp-

Itbm sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p.

R߃ apgp -h≥ ka-

bhpw Ifn-I-≠n-cn-°p-am-

bn-cp-∂p. GXm-bn-cp-∂m-

epw, Cu \ne°v in°m¿

Hcp tlm_n-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

hep-Xm-b-t∏mƒ, kabw

In´p-tºmƒ kok¨ B

bm¬ Bgv-N-bn¬ Hcp

XhW in°m-dn\v t]mbn-

cp-∂p.]Xn-hmbn In°-‰pw,

_m‰van‚-\p-sams° ]pd

Øv t]mbn-I-fn-®n-cp-∂p.

]Xn-\n-[n- : in°m-dn\v Atß°v sNdp-∏-

Øn¬ Xs∂ Xm¬]-cy-ap-≠m-bn-cpt∂m?

lpkq¿ : AtX, sNdp-∏-Øn¬ Xs∂ Xm¬]-

cy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]nXm-hns‚ IqsS t]mbn-

t∏mbn Xm¬]-cy-am-bn. Nne ka-bØv

Rßsf FX-tØmfw \S-Øn-®n-cp-∂p-sh-

∂m¬ R߃ £oWn®v Ah-i-cm-Ip-am-bn-

cp-∂p. apb-ens\ In´p∂ Znhkw Gsd ]bm-

k-am-bn-cp-∂p. ImcWw AXns\ FSpØv

sIm≠p-h-cp-∂Xv _p≤n-ap- m-bn-cp-∂p.

]Xn-\n-[n- : ChnsS (bq-tdm-]y≥am¿) P\-

߃ Gsd lrZ-b-ss\¿a-ey-ap-≈-h-cm-Wv.

kZv¿ kmln-_n-t\mSv R߃ CtX-Ip-dn®v

kwkm-cn -°m-dp -≠v. sNdp -]m-b-Øn¬

Xs∂ kpPq-Zp-I-fn¬ lrZ-b-ss\¿a-ey-ap-

≠m-Ip-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v in°m¿ sNøm≥

_p≤n-ap-´m-Wv.

lpkq¿: \n߃ lrZ-b-ss\¿a-ey-ap≈hcm-

sWt∂m? ChnsS in°m-dns‚ amkn-I-Iƒ

hcm-dp-≠v. AXn¬ 12 hb-kp≈ B¨Ip- n-

Ifpw s]¨Ip-´n-Ifpw \√-t]mse jq´nwKv

sNøp-∂Xv hcm-dp-≠v.

]Xn-\n-[n- : lpkq¿, Ip´n-°m-eØv A√m-

lp-hns‚ AkvXn-Xz-Øn-\p≈ Poh¬ sX

fn-hp-Iƒ kw_-‘n®v Aß-bpsS kw -h-

ß-fpw, Bflob A\p- -h-ßfpw Adn-bm≥

BK-l-ap-≠v.

( XpScpw )

8.2.2008, kºm: A_q-A-Ønb

°-W-sa∂pw Ds≠-¶n¬ AXv in¿°≥ Nn¥m-K-

Xn-bm-Wv. AXv lrZ-b-Øn¬ \n∂v Hgn-hm°pI.

As√-¶n¬ Abmƒ°v Hcp A`b tIµhpw D≠m-

hp-∂-X-√. lrZ-b-Øn¬ bw krjvSn-°p∂ hr£w

sh´n-am-‰-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-Wv. Hm¿°p-I, A√m-lp-hn-

emWv \mw mc-ta¬∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Ah≥ \ap°v aXn-

bm-b-h-\m-Wv, Ah≥ Ft∏mgpw \ap°v aXn-bm-bn-

cp-∂n- p-ap-≠v. Ah≥ Hcn-°epw \sΩ `bhnlz-e-

amb Ah-ÿ-bn¬ Dt]-£n-®n- n-√. Ah≥ G‰hpw

\√ t]mse Iqdp-]p-e¿Øp∂ ssZh-am-Wv. Ah-

t\mSv \msam-cn-°epw IrX-Lv\X ImWn-°-cp-Xv.

\ΩpsS Hmtcm Ip´nbpw AcpwsIme sNøpw hn[w

Adp-Øp-am-‰-s∏Spw hn[w `bw \ap°v ap∂n¬

shfn-s∏-´mepw \sΩ `b-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ F√m -`m-

KØpw `bm-\-I-amb Ah-kvX-Iƒ D≠m-bmepw

]Xy-£-Øn¬ \mep-]mSpw A‘-Imcw hym]n-

®mepw \mw ÿnc-Nn-Ø-cm-bn-cn-°-Ww. Hc-Sn-t]mepw

]nt∂m v \oß-cp-Xv. Hc-Sn-t]mepw kvXw_v[-cm-hp-

I-bp-a-cp-Xv. adn®v t\c-tØ-Xnepw A[nIw A√m-

lp-hn¬ `c-ta¬∏n-®p-sIm≠v F√m cwKØpw

apt∂-td-≠-Xm-Wv.

(dn-t∏m¿ v aPv. apim-h-dØv 1989 t]Pv: 247)

]cn-lm-kz-amb

Jnem- Øv ]t£m`wXp¿°n Jnem-^-Øns‚ ]X-\-Øn¬ a\w-s\m¥ ae-_m¿ apkvenwIƒ Jnem-^Øv ]p\x-ÿm-]-\-Øn\v `Ko-c-Y-]-bXv\w \S-Øn.˛ ]t£ sXt° ae-_m-dn¬ 150 apkvenwIsf A≥U-am-\n-te°v \mSp-I-S-Øm≥ hn[n-bm-bn.˛ Ahsc Hcp sSbn≥ Iw]m¿´vsa‚n¬ aZmkn te°vsIm≠p-t]m-bn.˛ 67 t]¿ AXn-\p-≈n¬ izmkw-ap´n acn-®p.˛ BKÃv amk-Øn¬ Km‘n-Pnbpw iuIØv AenbpwtImgn-t°m-s´-Øn.˛ Fw.-]n. \mcm-bW tat\m≥ h°o¬ sslt°m-SXn

_ln-jvI-cn®v Gd-\mSv h≈p-h-\mSv hmcn-b≥Ip-∂XvIp™-lvaZv lmPn, sI.-Fw. auehn F∂n-h-tcm-sSm∏wJnem-^Øv IΩn‰n Bcw-`n-®p.˛ \hw-_-dn¬ sImt≠m´nbn-epw, P\p-h-cn-bn¬ tImgn-t°m-´pw, Jnem-^Øv ktΩ-f\w \S-∂p.˛ 1921 s^_p-hcnbn¬ Pn√m aPn-kvtS‰v tbmK-߃XS-™p-sIm≠v DØ-c-hm-bn.˛ 4 Jnem-^Øv t\Xm-°sf 6 amk-tØ°v Pbn-en-e-S-®p.˛ 1921 G]n¬ 23˛25˛¬ tIm¨Kkv ktΩ-f-\-tØm-sSm-∏-amWv Jnem-^Øv IΩn‰nbpw \S-Øn-b-Xv.

Page 12: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

122011 sabv

ico^v

lpkbv≥

Dkvam\n Jnem -

^Øv Ah-km-\n-®-

t∏mƒ Ad-_n -I-

fpsS t\Xm-hmb ico^v lpkbv≥ Jnem-

^Øv ÿm\w tamln®v cwKØv h∂p. Ad-

_n-Iƒ At±-lsØ AwKo-Icn°mØXpw,

Dkvam\nb kp¬Xzm-\n¬ \n∂v Ad_v kønZv

hwi-Øn-te°v AXndp∂Xv KpW-I-c-am-bn-cn-°p-

sa∂pw Nne apkvenwI-sf-¶nepw Icp-Xn.

Ad_v tZiob ]ÿm-\-Øn\v AXv Bh-iy-

hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. kndn-b≥ InkvXym-\n-Iƒ

t]mepw AXns\ A\p-Iq-en-®p.

Aßns\ Jeo-^-bm-Im-\p≈ AXn-tamlw

ImcWw _n -´o -jp -Im -cp -ambn tN¿∂v

Xp¿°nIƒs°-Xnsc s]mcp-Xn. kndn-b≥

apkvenwIfpw InkvXym-\n-Ifpw ico-^ns‚

IqsS \ns∂-¶nepw t\Xm-°ƒ°v Poh≥

Xs∂ A]m-b-s∏-Sp-tØ≠nh∂p. Xp¿°n-Iƒ

Ahsc Igp-hn-te-‰n. CXn-\nsS C_n\p kDuZv

cwK-sØ-Øp-I-bpw, ico^v lpkbvs‚

bYm¿Y cq]w P\-߃°v ap∂n¬ Xpd∂v

Im´n. Ad-_n-I-tf-bpw, apkvenwI-tfbpw ico-

^n-s∂-Xn-cn¬ Xncn-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. Xp¿°n

Jnem- -Øns\ C√m-Xm-°m≥ _n´o-jp-Im¿

]n¥p-Wbpw kºØpw \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£

_n´o-jp-Im¿ ]Xps° ]n¥pW ]n≥h-en-®p.

Aßns\ ico^v lpssks‚ Jnem-^Øv

kz]v\w XI¿∂-Sn-bp-Ibpw C_v\p kDuZv

_n´ojv klm-b-tØmsS a° Iog-S°n cmP

hmgvN ÿm]n-®p. hlm_n ]ÿm-\-Øns‚

t\Xm-hm-bn-cp∂ C_v\p kDuZv a°-bn¬

t_mw_v h¿jw \S-Øn-bXv apkvenw temI-

Øn\v \oc-k-ap-≠m-°n-sb-¶nepw At±lw 1928

¬ a°Øv apkvenw t\Xr-k-tΩ-f\w hnfn-®p-

Iq´n apdnhpW°m≥ ian-®p.

C¥y-bn¬ \n∂v auem\m apl-ΩZv Aen

ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øp. At±-lhpw a‰p-

]-ecpw C_v\p kDu-Zn-t\mSv Jnem-^Øv

]Zhn Gs‰-Sp-°m≥ \n¿_-‘n-s®-¶nepw

ldssa‚ kwc-£-I≥ F∂- ÿm\w sIm≠v

Xr]vXn-s∏-Sm-\mWv BK-ln-®-Xv.

^pBZv

cmPmhv

CuPn-]vXnse ^pBZv

cmPmhv (1917 ˛ 1936) 30,

33 ImeØv Jnem-^

Øv ÿm\-tØ°v A

h-tcm[n-X-\m-Im≥ BK-ln-®n-cp-s∂-¶nepw

Bcpw ]n¥p-W-°m≥ D≠m-bn-√. CuPn-

]vXnse P\-߃ t]mepw At±-lsØ shdp-

°p-I-bp-≠m-bn.

^mdqJv

cmPmhv

C u P n - ] v X n s e

^mdqJv cmPmhv

]nXmhv ^pBZv

cmPm-hn-s\-t∏m-se-Xs∂ Jnem- Øv ÿm\w

tamln-°p-Ibpw XmSn hf¿Øn Bflob ]cn-

th-j-Øn\v ian-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]t£ aen-

a-k-amb kzImcy Pohn-X-Øns‚ IY-Iƒ

CuPn-]vXn\v ]pdØpw N¿®m-hn-j-b-am-bn.

Hcn-°¬ CtX-°p-dn®v lZvdXv k¿ apl-ΩZv

k -dp-√mlv Jm≥ kmln_v (d) D]-tZ-in-®-

t∏mƒ, CuPn-]vXnse ap^vXn-sb-s°m≠v

k -dp-√mlv Jms\Xncn¬ Ip v¿ ^Xvh Cd-

°p-I-bmWv sNbvX-Xv. ]m°n-ÿm-\nse

AlvaZnøm hncp≤ ]t£m`Øn∂pw ]n¥pW

\¬Ip-I-bp-≠m-bn. F∂m¬, Ckvdmbnens∂-

Xn-cm-bp≈ bp≤-Øn¬ CuPn]vXv ]cm-P-b-s∏-

´-t∏mƒ AXns‚ Imc-W-°m-c≥ ^mdqJv

Jnem- Øv tamln-I-fpsS ]X\w

BsW∂v Icp-Xn-b-h¿, A_vZp-∂m-kn-dns‚

t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ hnπhw \S-Øp-Ibpw P\-d¬

\Po_v CuPn-]vXns‚ A[n-Imcw ]nSn-s®-Sp-

°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Aßns\ ÿm\-`-jvS-

\mb mdqJv CuPn-]vXn¬\n∂pw \njvIm-kn-

X-\m-bn. B\-∏-¥n-bn¬ tPmen Hm^¿ e`n-

®p. ^mdqJv cmPmhv tdmanse Hcp Bip-]-Xn-

bn¬ sh®v Btcm-cp-an-√msX ac-W-s∏´p!

ss^k¬

cmPmhv

C_v\p kDu-Zns‚

aI≥ ss^k¬ cmPm-

hn-\mWv ]ns∂ Jnem-

^Øv taml-hp-ambn

cwK-Øp-h-cm≥ Zptcym-K-ap-≠m-b-Xv. dm_n-Xz-

Øp¬ Be-anb Ckvemanb cq]o-I-cn®v

ss^k¬ B^n-°-bn¬ CkvemanIv anj-\p-

I-ƒ Bcw- n-®p. Jp¿-B≥ Cw•ojv hnh¿Ø-

\-߃ ]kn-≤-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw apkvenw IƒN-

d¬ t]mKm-ap-Iƒ°v h≥ XpI-Iƒ sNe-h-gn-

°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.

CkvXmw_qƒ ayqkn-b-Øn¬ \n∂v Xncp-\-_n

(-k)s‚sX∂v Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp∂ Xncp-ti-jvS-

X-I-fmb ]S-®-´, XmSn-tcm-a-߃, Xncp-Z-¥w,

]Xm-I, IØv, hmfns‚ ssI∏nSn F∂nh

kz¥-am-°m≥ ian-®p. AXv Jnem- Øv ]Z-

hn°v aXn-bm-b-Xm-sW∂ anYym-t_m-[-amWv

ss^k-ens\ \bn-®-Xv.

adp-`m-KØv ]m°n-ÿm-\nse AlvaZnøm

hncp≤ ]t£m- -߃°v NqSv ]I¿∂p-sIm≠v

AlvaZn-Iƒ°v l÷v hne-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn.

apkvenw cmP-ß-fn¬ AlvaZnøm hncp≤

]h¿Ø-\-߃°v ss^k¬ ]mcn-tXm-jn-I-

߃ hmcn-t°mcn \¬In. ]Icw ]m°n-ÿm≥

AlvaZn-Isf Aapkvenw \yq\ ]£-ambn apZ-

Ip-Øn. ]t£ Gsd- I-gn-tb≠n h∂n√. 1975

am¿®v 26 \v ss^k¬ kz¥w `mKnt\bs‚

shSn-sIm≠v sIm√-s∏- p..

Jnem- Øv \ntj-[n-I-fpsS Zpc-hÿ

c≠mw Jnem- Øns‚ ImeØv Jnem- -Øns\ sh√p-hn-

fn-®-h¿ emtlm-dn¬ t]mbn kz¥w Hcp Pam-A-Øp-≠m-

°n. Gsd Xma-kn-bmsX AXnse ]apJ t\Xm-hm-bn-cp∂

AUz. JmP Iam-ep-±o≥ kmln_v kz¥w anj≥ ÿm]n-

®p. emtlmdn ]m¿´nbn¬ aue-hn. kZ-dp-±o\pw Iq´cpw Iem-

]-s°mSn Db¿Øn. CXn-se√mw a\w-s\m¥v auem\m apl-

Ω-Zen kmln_v Cl-temI hmkw shSn-™p. C∂v Cu

]m¿´n t]cn-\p-am-X-am-bn-°-gn-™n-cn-°p-∂p.

JmP Iam-ep-±o≥ kmln_v auem\m apl-Ω-Zen kmln_v

Page 13: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

2011 sabv13

hmKvZØhmKvZØhmKvZØhmKvZØhmKvZØ akol akol akol akol akolns‚ns‚ns‚ns‚ns‚

IØp-IƒIØp-IƒIØp-IƒIØp-IƒIØp-Iƒ

BtcmKyw

a\p-jys‚ imco-cnI BtcmKyw Ahs‚ _p≤n-i-‡n-bn¬ ]tXyI

kzm[o\w sNep-Øp-∂p. temI-Øp≈ Bbn-c-°-W-°n\v ]h¿Ø-

\-߃ a\p-jys‚ imco-cnI Btcm-Ky-

hpambn _‘-s∏-´m-Wn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. AYhm

AØcw Imcy-߃ aX-Øns‚ `mK-a-√,

tIhew _p≤n-]-c-amb ]h¿Ø-\-߃ a\p-

jy\v I´n¬In-S∂v sNøm≥ km[n°pw

F∂-Xn¬ bmsXmcp kwi-b-hp-an-√. F∂m¬

Nne imco-cnI A\m-tcm-Ky-Øn¬ _p≤n-

bnepw A\m-tcmKyw krjvSn-°m-dp-≠v. CXv hfsc kq£va-amb Hcp

hnj-b-am-Wv. CXns\ Ipdn®v ]Xn-]m-Xn-

°m-\p≈ Ahk-c-a√ CXv. bmYm¿∞y-

sa-s¥-∂m¬ icn-bmb Btcm-Ky-Øn\v

ico-cm-h-b-h-ß-fpsS tcmK-ß-fp-ambn

_‘-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse AXn\v

AXns‚ B¥-cnI i‡nbpam-bn´pw

_‘-ap -≠v. a\pjy ico -c -Øns‚

Ahÿ c≠p-X-c-Øn-em-Wp-≈-Xv. H∂v

Ah-b-h-ß-fpsS ]Xy-£-amb tcmKm-h-

ÿ, as‰m∂v ico-c -Øns‚ kl\

i‡n AYhm bYm¿∞ Btcm-Kyw. Nne ka-b-ß-fn¬ Cu kl-

\-i‡n a\p-jy-\n¬ ]IrXnZØamb \ne-bn¬Xs∂ D∂-X-am-bn-cn-

°pw. ]Xy-£-tcm-K-߃°v t]mepw AXn\v Fs¥-¶nepw hn[-Øn-

ep-≈-tIm´w hcp-Øp-hm≥ km[n-°p-I-bn-√. Cu Hc-h-ÿ-bn¬ a\p-

jy-_p-≤n°v F√m Ah-ÿ-bnepw ]h¿Øn-

°m≥ km[n°pw F∂m¬ Nne Ah-k-c-ß-

fn¬ _e-lo-\-amb kl-\-i-‡n-bpsS IqsS

]Xy-£-Øn-ep≈ tcmK-ß-fp-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°pw.

AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ Hcm-fpsS tcmK-tØm-sSm∏w

Abm-fpsS _p≤n-i-‡nbpw \jvS-s∏- psIm-

≠n-cn-°pw. km[m-cW KXn-bn¬ icm-icn kl-

\-i-‡n-bp≈ Hcmsf kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw

Abm-fpsS BtcmKyw _p≤n -bnepw

kzm[o\w sNep-Øp-∂p-sh-∂-Xm-Wv. G‰hpw Npcp-ßn-bXv Ae-k-

X, Aew-`m-hw, Ass[cyw F∂nh Xo¿®-

bmbpw D≠m-Ipw. Ch GsX-¶nepw kaq-l-

Øn¬ DS-se-Sp-Øp-I-gn-™m¬ AXv `bm-\-I-

amb ]Xym-Lm-X-߃ krjvSn-°pw. a\p-

jys‚ kl-\-i‡n FX-X-s∂-bm-bmepw

icn Nne tPmen-Iƒ a\p-jy\v tcmKm-h-ÿ-

bn¬ sNøm≥ km[y--a-√ F∂ Imcyw ]I-S-

am-Wv. DZm-l-c-W-ambn Imgv® i‡n Ipd-hm-

sW-¶n¬ _p≤n-i‡n FX-amXw D∂-X-am-bmepw a\p-jy≥ bp≤-

Øn\v A\p-tbm-Py-\m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-

√. AXp-sIm≠v AØcw Bfp-

Isf ssk\y-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp -

Øm≥ tbmKy -X-bp -≈-h-cmbn

ImWm-dn√. F¥p-sIm-s≠-∂m¬

s s k \ y - Ø n - \ m - h - i y - a m b

BtcmKyw Abmƒ°v D≠m-bn-cn-

°p-I-bn-√. C°mcyw Ip´n-Im-eØv

Xs∂ hfsc A[nIw ]m[m-\y-

tØmsS i≤n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.

(lZvdØv auem\m l°ow \qdp-±o≥ kmln-_v(-d)\v Fgp-Xnb IØv)

dAvkp¬ JbvdmØv

aJvZqao apI¿dao AJvhow

Xm¶-fpsS IØv ssI∏-‰n. ssZhn-I-h-N-\-ß-tfm-Sp≈ kvt\lhpw dkq-

ep-√m-lv(-k)s‚ ]cn-ip≤hN-\-ß-tfm-Sp≈ A\p-c-‡n-bpw, ssZhn-I-

cmb Bfp-I-fp-ambn kz—-amb _‘hpw D≠m-hp-I-sb-∂-Xv Gsd

al-Ø-c-amb A\p-K-l-am-Wv. AXv A√m-lp-hn¬ \n∂v Xs‚ ]tXy-

I, \nkzm¿Y-cmb Zm-k-∑m¿°v e`n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. bYm¿Y-Øn¬ henb

henb ]ptcm-K-Xn-Iƒ°v CXp-X-s∂-bmWv ASn-ÿm-\-am-bn- p-≈-Xv.

Cu _oP-Øn¬\n∂mWv bJo≥ (Zr-V-⁄m-\w)-t‚-bpw, aAvcn

^Øv (B-flo-b-⁄m-\-Øn-t‚-bpw) hnizm-k-Zr-V-X-bp-sSbpw

hr£w D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. AXns‚ ssZhm-\p-c-‡n-bpsS e-߃ D≠m-

hp-∂p. ^¬lw-Zp-en-√mlv kpΩ A¬lw-Zp-en-√m-lv. A√mlp

XBem Xm¶ƒ°v Cu A\p-Klw ˛ AXv dAvkp¬ JbvdmØv

(\-∑-I-fpsS BsI-ØpI BWv. \¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ]ns∂ \∑-

Iƒ sNøp-tºmƒ D≠m-Ip∂ Be-kyhpw Ipd-hpw, Cu al-Ømb

\∑-Iƒ ImcWw AI∂v t]mIp-∂-Xm-Wv. C∂¬ lk-\mØn

bpZvln-_v\--øn-BØv (hn.-Jp. 11: 115)

Xm¶sf ImWm≥ Gsd BK-l-ap-≠v. C°m-eØv Xm¶-fpsS

Bflm¿Y-X, A`u-an-I-amb hn[-Øn¬ C°m-eØv A`n-hr-≤n-s∏- n-cn-

°p-∂-Xp-t]mse A√m-lp-hns\ ap≥\n¿Øn-bp≈ kvt\lm-th-ihpw

Xm¶ƒ°v th≠n, Xm¶-tfm-sSm∏w h¿≤n-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Cu

Bflm¿Y-X-bpsS ÿm\Øv Bcpw Xm¶ƒ°v ]¶m-fn-bm-h-cp-sX-∂pw.

A√mlp BK-ln-®n-cn°p-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v ASp-∏-Øns‚ hmZ-ap-∂-

bn-°p∂ A[n-I-am-fp-I-fp-tSbpw lrZ-b-ßfn¬ A√mlp A\p-K-l-

an-d-°p-Ibpw Xm¶-fpsS lrZ-bw Xpd-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p.

lmZm ^Zvep-√mln h \nAvaØnlo bpAvXo aø-imD hblvZo

a≥b-imD h bpfn√ a≥b-im-D.

lmanZv Aen ITn-\-ambn tcmKn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A√mlp At±-l-Øn\v

ho≠pw Poh≥ \¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Xm¶ƒ hcp-tºmƒ, lIow- -

Zvep-±o≥ kmln-_pw, auehn A_vZp¬ Icow kmln_pw h∂m¬

hfsc \∂m-bn-cp-∂p. Xm¶ƒ kz¥w \ne°v c≠v t]¿°pw hnhcw

\¬Ip-I. ImcWw IqsS IqsS IqSn-°mgvN AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. Pohn-

X-Øn\v Hcp Dd-∏p-an-√.

hemw

hn\o-X≥

1889 Pqse 9 Kpemw AlvaZv (A- o-A≥lp)

imco-cnI Btcm-Kyhpw

_p≤n-i-‡nbpw

˛ apkvenlv auDu-Zv(-d) ˛

lZvdXv Aen (d) t\mSv Aao¿ apB-hnb At±-l-Øns‚

Jnem- -Øn-ep≈ sXfnhv tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ ]d™p: lZvdXv

A_q-_-°-dn-t\-bpw, Da-dn-t\-bpw, Dkvam-\n-t\bpw _bv-

AØv sNbvX-h¿ AtX XXz-ß-fn¬ A[n-jvSn-X-ambn

Xs∂-bmWv F\n°pw _bv-AØv sNbvXn- p-≈-Xv.

........... Ch-cpsS BcpsS Iøn¬ H∂n-®p-tN-cp-Ibpw Xß-

fpsS Cam-sa∂v AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ A√m-

lp-hns‚ Xr]vXn AØcw Btfm-sSm∏w D≠m-bn-cn-°p-

∂-Xm-Wv. (ln-kzm¿)

_dm-los\ AlvaZn -øm-

_lnivXo aJv_-d -bn¬

hmKvZØ ako-lv( -A)s‚

]m¿iz- m-KØv A¥y-hn-iaw

Jp¿-B-\nepw lZo-knepw

AXoh ]mUn-Xy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-

Ihn -Xm -i-Iew At±-l-

Øns‚ `b-`-‡n-°p-e-`n®

ssZhoI AwKo-Im-c-am-bn-cn-

F∂n-h¿ Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-

Page 14: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

142011 sabv

\ap°v Xmc-Xayw sNømw.

Aam\n auehn

BZ-an-t\bpw Ah-cpsS `mcy-bmb l∆m-C-t\bpw (A)A√mlp kz¿K-Øn¬ Xma-kn-∏n-®p. btYjvSw FhnsS\n∂pw F¥pw `£n-°m-sa∂pw A\p-h-Zn-®p. ]t£ Hcp\n›nX hr£-Øn¬ \n∂v `£n-°-cp-sX∂v ]tXyIwAhsc hne-°n. AXn¬ \n∂v `pPn-°p-∂Xv AI-a-am-sW∂v ]tXyIw DW¿ØpIbpw sNbvXp. CXv Hcp ]co-£Wambn-cp-∂p. AXns‚ ]cym-h-km\w F¥m-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v A√m-lp-hn\v icn°pw Adn-bmw. Adn-bm-™n-´√]t£, AXn-s\-Øp-S¿∂p≈ \S-]-Sn-I-sf-Sp-°p-hm≥AsXmcp Imc-W-ambn A√mlp \n›-bn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.kz¥w B`n-Pm-Xyhpw Al-¶m-chpw Akq-bbpw \nan-Ø-am-sW-¶nepw C_veokv Imem-Imew B -s∏- -h-\mbn i]n-°-s∏Sp-hm≥ CS-h-∂Xv BZ-ans‚ ImcWw sIm≠m-W-t√m.AXp-sIm≠v BZw(-A) B ]co-£-W-Øn¬ hnP-bn-°p-∂XvAh\v kln-°p-hm≥ Ign-™n-√. Zpcp-]-tZ-i-ßfpw Zpjvt]-c-Wbpw \¬In Ah≥ Ahsc A_-≤-Øn¬ NmSn-®p. AsX, BZapw l∆mbpw (A) B hne-°-s∏´ hr£-Øn¬ \n∂v `£n-®p-I-f-™p. Aßs\ Ah-cpsS kz¿KobPohnXw Ah¿°v \jvS-s∏-Sp-hm\pw `uXnI PohnXw\bn-°p-hm\pw Ah≥ Imc-W-am-bn-Øo¿∂p. BZw (A)l∆m(A), C_veokv F∂n-hsc qan-bn-te°v Ab-®p........ad-°pI F∂¿∞-amb P∂v F∂ aqeØn¬ \n∂p≈]Z-amWv P∂-Øv........... kz¿Kob hkvXp-°fpw `uXnIhkvXp-°fpw XΩn¬ \ma-amX _‘-ta-bp-≈p-sh-¶nepw kz¿K-Øn\pw kz¿K-tØm-∏p-Iƒ°pw B hm°v Ad-_n-bn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-®p-h-cp-∂p. BZw(-A) \_nsb A√mlp BZyw Xma-kn-∏n® B P∂-Øp-sIm-≠pt±iyw hm\-tem-IØv ÿnXn-sN-øp∂ kz¿K-am-bn-cp-∂pthm qan-bn¬ Xs∂-bp≈ Hcp ]tXyItXm -am-bn-cp-∂pthm F∂-Xn¬ c≠- n-]m-b-ap-≠v.F∂m¬ `qcn]£w ]WvVn-X-∑m-cp-tSbpw A`n-]mbwAXpw kz¿Kw Xs∂-bm-sW-∂m-Ip-∂p. Jp¿-B-\n¬ \n∂pwlZo-kn¬ \n∂pw a\-kn-em-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂Xpw CXp-X-s∂.]tXy-I-k-µ¿ -߃ C√m-Ø-t∏mƒ A¬ P∂Øp F∂vkz¿KsØ Dt±-in-®mWv km[m-cW ]d-b-s∏-Sm-dp-≈-Xpw....BZw(-A) \_n-tbmSv hntcm-[n-°-s∏´ hr£w GXm-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v \n¿W-bn-°p-hm≥ sXfn-hp-I-sfm-∂p-an -√.AXns‚ t]c-dn-bp-∂-Xn¬ hnti-jn®v ]tbm-P-\-hp-an√Xm\pw....... (hn-ip≤ Jp¿-B≥ hnh-cWw `m: 1, t]Pv: 158, 159)

auem\m auZqZn

CXn¬ \n∂v a\-kn-em-Ip-∂Xv `qan-bn-te°v AYhm \n›-bn-°-s∏´ ÿe-tØ°v ]Xn-\n-[n-I-sf∂ \ne°v Ab-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn∂p apºmbn Xß-fpsS A`n-cp-Nn-I-tfbpw]h-W-X-I-tfbpw ]co-£n-°p-hm≥ th≠n Ccp-h-tcbpwIpd-®p-Imew kz¿K-Øn¬ Xma-kn-∏n-®p-sh-∂m-Wv. Cu ]co-£-W-Øn-∂mbn Hcp hr£sØ Xnc-s™-SpØv AXns‚kao-]Øv t]mepw t]mI-cp-sX∂v A√mlp B⁄m-]n-°p-Ibpw AYhm t]mbm¬ Fs‚ ZrjvSnbn¬ \n߃ AI-an-I-fm-bn-Øo-cpIbmhpw ^e-sa∂v Ah¿°v ap∂-dn-bn∏v\¬Ip-Ibpw sNbvXp. B hr£-ta-Xm-bn-cp-∂p, AXn¬\n∂-hsc XS-bm≥ Imc-W-am-°nb F¥p ]tXy-I-X-bm-W-Xn-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv F∂n-Xym-Zn-bp≈ N¿® A\m-h-iy-am-Wv.......... Cu ]co-£°v G‰hpw tbmPn® ÿew kz¿KwXs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. \nß-fpsS a\p-jyXz ]Zhn sh®pt\m°p-tºmƒ kz¿K-amWv \n߃t°‰hpw A\p-tbm-Py-amb ÿm\w.........(X-^vlo-ap¬ Jp¿-B≥ `mKw:1, t]Pv:61)

]pWymXvam°ƒBZ-ans‚ kz¿Khpw

hne-°-s∏´ hr£hpw

lZvdXv Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv km\n(-d)

(X vko¿ I_o¿ 1˛mw hmfy-Øn¬ \n∂v kwK-lw)

1. BZ-ans\ `qan-bn¬ Jeo- -bm-°p-∂p-sh-∂mWv XpS-°-Øn¬ Xs∂ ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.2. Bb-Xn-\m¬ ChnsS ]d-b-s∏´ kz¿Kw ]c-tem-IØve`y-am-Ip∂ kz¿K-a√ ]XypX hmk-tbm-Ky-amb Hcpÿew F∂m-Imt\ \nhr-Øn-bp-≈q.3. BZ-ans‚ kz¿K-sØ-Ip-dn®v ]d-™-t∏mƒ `£-Ww,hkvXw, ]m¿∏n-Sw, sh≈w F∂nhsb ]cm-a¿in-®p-sIm≠v AXv Hcp IrXy-amb hyh-ÿ-bm-sW∂v hy‡-am-Ip-∂p.4. ]c-tem -I-Øp≈ kz¿K-am -sW-¶n¬ AhnsSibvXzm≥ Fßn-s\-bmWv Ib-dn-Iq-Sn-bXv ?5. hamlpw an≥lm apJvd-Po≥ kz¿K-Øn¬ \n∂pwBtcbpw ]pd-Øm-°p-I-bn√ F∂v ]d-™n-cnt° BZ-ans\ ]pd-Øm°n F∂v ]d-bp-∂Xv sshcp-≤y-at√. Bb-Xn-\m¬ AXv Cu `qan-bn¬ Xs∂bp≈ Hcp ÿe-am-Imt\ \nhr-Øn-bp-≈q.6. AXn ]pcm-X\ kwkvImcw \ne-\n∂ Cdm°v Bbn-cn-°mw hnh£7. hne-°-s∏´ hr£w F∂-Xn\v a‰p-≈-h¿ \¬Ip∂sXfn-hp-Iƒ bmYm¿Yy-hp-ambn s]mcp-Ø-s∏-Sp-∂n-√.ImcWw I\n-I-gn-®m¬ AI-an-bm-Ip∂, As√-¶n¬ ico-AØv hne-°nb Hcp ^ehpw D≠m-bn-t -bn√.8. ss__nƒ ]d-bp∂ \∑ Xn∑-bpsS Xncn-®-dn-hp-a√hr£w. ImcWw \∑ Xn∑-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ Xncn-®-dn-hmWv a\p-jys\ arK-Øn¬ \n∂v hyXn-cn-°-\m-°p-∂XvXs∂.9. hne-°-s∏´ hr£w F∂-Xp-sIm≠v Xn∑, C_veokv,FXn¿ kwhn-[m\w F∂m-Imt\ Xc-ap-≈q.10. BZ-an\v \¬I-s∏- Xv hr£-ß-fm¬ \n_n-V-ambtXm´-am-sW-¶n¬ AXn\v ap∂n¬ C_veokn-t‚XvtIhew Hcp hr£w amXta BIp∂p-≈q. AXm-bXvBZ-ans‚ _rlØv kwhn-[m-\-Øn\v ap∂n¬ H∂p-a-s√∂v kmcw.11. BZ-an\v \¬I-s∏´ B[ym-]-\-ß-fn¬ lem¬ IqSp-X-em-bn-cn-°pw. (\n-߃ CjvS-ap-≈n-SØv \n∂v btYjvSw`£n-°pI F∂-Xnse kqN-\). AtX-k-abw hne-°p-Iƒ Xmc-X-tay\ Ipd-hm-bn-cn-°pw.12. BZ-ans‚ Pam-AØv hf¿∂v ]¥-en-°p-Ibpw AXvtXm -ambn Adn-b-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøpw. AtX kabw FXn-cm-fn-I-fp-tSXv tIhew hr£-sat∂ ]d-b-s∏-Sm≥ A¿l-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bp-≈q.

13. BZw hr£sØ kao-]n-®Xv ^\-knb ad-hn-sIm-≠m-sW∂v ]d-bp-∂p. AXm-bXv IrXy-amb Hcp hkvXp-hns\amX-amWv hne-°n-bXv F¶n¬, ad-hn-bpsS ]iv\w Xs∂DZn-°p-∂n√. ImcWw At±lw kzbw AXn¬ \n∂v c£-s∏-Sm≥ ian-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. amX-a√ AXv sNøp-tºmƒ fpepw BsW∂v Adn-bp-∂p-an-√. AX√ At±lwhne-°-s∏- Xv ]Xy-£-Øn¬ `£ns®-∂m-sW-¶n¬ AXvt_m[-]q¿h-am-Imt\ Xc-ap-≈q. Npcp-°-Øn¬ ChnsS ]cm-a¿in-°p∂ hr£w Be-¶m-cnI ]tbm-K-am-Wv.

(hni-Z-amb ]T-\-Øn\v X^vko¿ I_o¿ `mKw:1, t]Pv:334, 340)

(2.36)........

P\\w : 1889 am¿®v 13_bv-AØv : 1903 ¬ (14 hbv ]mb-ap-≈-t∏mƒ) lZvdXvakolv auDuZv (A)\v t\cn v _bv-AØv sNbvXp.]nXmhv : lZvdXv tUmIvS¿ kønZv A_vZp--Øm¿ imlvkmln-_v(-d)hJv v : lZvdXvako lv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚h^mØv thf-bn¬ l.apkvenlv auDu-Zv( -d)F√m-hcpw hn´ vt]m -bmepw Xs‚ Poh≥]W-b-s∏-SpØn sIm≠m-sW-¶nepw CuZuXyw ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°p-sa∂v i]Yw sNbvXncp-∂p. lpkq¿(-d) imlvkmln-_n-t\mSpw Cui]Yw sNøm≥ Bh-iy-s∏- -X-\p-k-cn®v At±lw A]-ImcwsNøp-Ibpw hJv v sNøp-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn.]T\w : 1917 ¬ l. apkvenlv auDu-Zv(-d) s‚ Blzm-\-]-Imcw ssItdm-hnseØn ]T-\-am-cw- n-®p.˛ 7 amk-tØmfw Hcp Xp¿°n ]kn-≤o-I-c-W-Ønepwtkh\w sNøp-hm≥ Ah-kcw e`n-®p.˛ kem-lp-±o≥ Aøq-_nb tImtfPv (_-bvXp¬ apJ-±-kv)¬ s]m -k-dmbn aX-N-cnXw ]Tn-∏n°p-hm\pw Ah-kcwIn´n-bn- p-≠v. IqSmsX ]n∂oSv D¿Zp, Cw•ojv hnj-b-ßfpw]Tn-∏n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn.˛ ]e ]co-£-I-fnepw H∂mw-ÿm\w Ic-ÿ-am-°nb imlvkmln_v ]n∂oSv Cu tImtf-Pn¬ sshkv ]n≥kn-∏¬Bbn.˛ 1918 ¬ HIvtSm-_-dn¬ _‘-\-ÿ-\m-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw 1919sabv Ah-km\w emtlm-dn¬ FØn°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.˛ ]n∂oSv l. apkvenlv auDu-Zv(-d) CS-s∏- -Xns\ XpS¿∂vtamNn-X-\m-hp-I-bp-≠m-bn.˛ 1920 apX¬ 1954 hsc, \mC_v \mkn¿, \mkn¿ZAvhsØ, X_veoKv, \mkn¿ XAveow, kndnb CdmJvAtd_y F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ ap_-√n-Kv, \mkn¿ XnPm-d-Øv,\mkn¿ Dap¿ Jmcn-P, BIvSnwKv \mkn¿ AAve, AUo.\mkn¿ AAve F∂o XkvXn-I-fn¬ tkh-\-a-\p-jvTn-®p.1921 apX¬ 1962 hsc P¬km kem-\-bn¬ hnhn[ hnj-b-ßfn¬ ]`m-jWw \S-Øm≥ Ahkcw e`n-®n- p-≠v.˛ IqSmsX lZvdXv akolv auDu-Zv(-d)s‚ Ckveman Dkq¬In^nem-k- n, InivXo \qlv F∂n-hbpw l. apkvenlv auDu-Zv( -d)s‚ ss]Kmsa AlvaZn-ø-Øpw, Ad-_n-bn-te°vhnh¿Ø\w sNbvXn- p-≠v. ]cn- m-j-I-f-S°w 28 KŸ-߃]kn-≤o-Ir-X-am-bn- p-≠v.˛ l. Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv km\n(-d)s‚ \n¿tZ-i-]-Imcw1926 HIvtS-_¿ 28 apX¬ kzlolv _pJmcn hnh¿Ø-\hpw hymJym-\hpw cN\ XpS-ßn. ]n∂oSv 19 `mK-ß-fmbn]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p.h^mØv : 1967 sabv 15 \pw 16 \pw CS-bn-ep≈ cmXn78˛mw hb-n¬. P\mk \a-kvIm-c-Øn\v l. Jeo- -Øp¬akolv kmenkv (d-lv) t\XrXzw \¬In.˛ _lnivXn aJv_d (d_vh) bn¬ A¥y-hn-i-aw.

lZvdXv kønZv kbv\p¬ B_n-Zo≥

hen-bp-√mlv imlv(-d)

Page 15: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

2011 sabv15

hn⁄m\thZn-

l:Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv dm_nAv (dlv )

AlvaZnøm Jnem- -Øns‚ \ne-\n¬∏n\pw

A\p-kyqXw XpS-cp-∂-Xn\pw Fs¥√mw am¿K-

ß-fmWv Ah-ew-_n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv?

adp-]Sn:˛ AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øns‚ Jnem-

^-Øns\ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw lZvdXv

akolv auDu-Zv(-A)\v A√mlp kphm¿Ø

\¬In-bn-Xv At±-l-Øns‚ Jnem- Øv Jnbm-

aØv hsc \ne-\n¬°p-sa-∂m-Wv. lZvdXv

Cukm(-A)s‚ Jnem- Øv Ct∏mgpw \ne-

\n¬°p-∂-Xvt]mse ‘B Jnem-^Øv icn-

bmb Jnem- -ØmtWm A√tbm F∂-X√

]iv\w’GXmbmepw XpS-cp∂p F∂-XmWv

Imcyw. CXn\v t\¿ hn]-co-X-am-bn, lZvdXv

AlvaZnøm Jnem- Øv

Jnbm-aØv hsc \ne-\n¬°pw.

akolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚ k®-cn-X-cmb Cu

Jnem- Øv Bbncw sIm√w \ne-\n¬Ip-sa∂v

A√mlp Adn-bn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. lpkq¿ (A)s\

Hcp kl-km-_vZ-tØ°p≈ apP-±nZpw B°n-

bn-cn-°p-∂p. A√m-lp-hns‚ Cu hmKvZm\w

D≠mbn-cns° ]cn- -an-t°≠ bmsXmcp Imcy-

hp-an-√.

Znh-tk-\-bp-≠m-Ip∂ GXv ]iv\-sØbpw

G‰hpw \∂mbn ssIImcyw sNøm≥ Ime-

Øns‚ Jeo-^°v Ign-bp-∂-Xm-Wv. Alva

Znøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ `mhn°v ]iv\-am-Im-

hp∂ GXv nXv\tbbpw Adn-bm\pw AXns\

t\cn-Sm\pw F√m kwhn-[m-\hpw A√m-lp-

hns‚ A\p-K-l-Øm¬ Jnem- -Øn-\p-≠v.

AlvaZnøm Pam-AØv Hcp kpkw-L-Sn-X-amb

Pam-A-Øm-Wv. temIØv aX-]-c-am-btXm

A√m-ØtXm Bb Hcp kwhn-[m-\hpw Alv

aZn-øØn\v XØp-ey-am-tXm, AXn-t\-°mƒ

D∂-X-sat∂m Ah-Im-i-s∏-Smhp∂ Hcp kwhn-

[m-\hpw C∂n-√. AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øns‚

hepXpw sNdp-Xp-amb imJ-IfpsS Hmtcm

`mKhpw Xß-fpsS Xe-Øn¬ kpkw-L-Sn-X-

ambn I¿a\nc-X-am-Wv. Rß-fpsS Xnc-s™-

Sp∏v kwhn-[m\w P\m-[n-]-Xy-]-c-am-Wv.

Hcmƒ°pw, sX‰m-bpw, If-hmbpw ]Nm-cWw

\S-Øm≥ km[y-a-√. ]Nm-cWw \S-Øp-Itbm

AXn-\p≈ A\p-hm-Ztam C√. GsX-¶nepw

`mc-hm-ln°v B ÿm-\-tØ°v Xs‚ t]cv

\n¿t±-in-°m≥ t]mepw km[y-a-√. AtXm-

sSm∏w Cu kwhn-[m-\-Øns‚ ta¬t\m´w

Jnem- Øv kwhn-[m-\-Øn-\m-Wv. GsX-¶nepw

ÿeØv Xnc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ sX‰mb h√ ]h-

W-Xbpw I≠m¬, Jnem- -Øns‚ ]Xn-\n-[n-

Iƒ GsX-¶nepw tIm´w X´p-∂-Xn∂v aptº

B mKsØ am‰n \n¿Øp-∂p. CXv D∂-Xhpw

kap-Nn-X-hp-amb kwhn-[m-\-amWv.

(aPvenkv C¿^m≥ 28, Pq¨ 1986 e≠≥,

kºm: A_q-kz-_m-lv)

Hcp Kma-Øn¬ Hcp AlvaZn kvXo D≠m-bn-

cp-∂p. Ah¿°v aq∂v \mev bphm-°-fmb

hyXykvX ]mb-°m-cmb a°-fp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

B Kma-Øn¬ Cusbmcp AlvaZo IpSpw-

_ta D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈q. Kma-hm-kn-Iƒ°vta¬

Ch-cpsS henb HuZmcy ap≠m-bn-cp-∂p. amX-

a√ hfsc A¥kpw B`n-Pm-Xy-hp-ap≈ IpSpw-

_-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-cpsS HuZm-cy-߃

ImcWw Kma-hm-kn-Iƒ Ah¿°v ap∂n¬

Ft∏mfpw IÆp-Iƒ Iogvt]m- m-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p.

AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ Kma-hm-kn-I-fn¬ \n∂v

Ah¿°v Hcp `b-∏mSpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. Ah-

cpsS B`n-PmXyw Ah¿°v Np‰p-]mSpw c£m-

h-ebw Xo¿°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£ ]pdØv

\n∂v BI-an-°m≥ Hcp kwLw FØn-b-

t∏mƒ Kma-hm-kn-Iƒ kwc-£-Øn¬ \n∂v ]nd-

tIm´v t]mbn. Ah¿]-d-™p, Cu BI-a-

WsØ ]Xn-tcm-[n-°m≥ X߃°v km[y-a-

s√∂v. AXp-sIm≠v \n߃ ChnsS \n∂v

t]mIm≥ ian-°-W-sa-∂pw, kwc-£Ww

In´p∂ FhnsSsb¶nepw FØ-W-sa-∂p-am-Wv.

B kvXo ]d-™p, F¥v HmSn-t∏m-I-W-

sat∂m? Cu ]tZiw Hgn-hm-°p∂ ]iv\w-

Xs∂ DZn-°p-∂n-√. A√m-lp-hns‚ Jeo-^-

bpsS i_vZw Fs‚ ImXp-I-fn¬ FØn-b-Xv,

kz¥w hoSp-I-fn¬Xs∂ Ign-b-W-sa∂pw ]pd-

tØ°v t]mI-cp-sX-∂p-am-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v

Xs‚ F√m a°-tfbpw XyPn-t°≠n h∂mepw

Rm≥ t]mIp-∂-X-√.

Hcp AlvaZn kvXobpsS hn]Zn ss[cywl. Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv dm_n-Av (d-lv)

]ns∂ Ah¿ IuXp-I-I-c-amb Nne Imcy-߃

sNbvXp. BI-a-W-ap-≠mIpsa∂v IcpXnb Znhkw

kwLw tN¿∂v BI-an-°-p-sa∂v Adn-bn-∏p-≠m-bn-

cp-∂p. ˛ cmhnse Ah¿ a°sf G‰hpw \√

hkvXw [cn-∏n-®p. CuZn\pw hnhm-l-Øn-\p-sams°

[cn-°p-∂-Xp-t]msebp≈ hkvXw. ]ns∂ \ΩpsS

Kma-ß-fn¬ CuZn\v sNøm-dp-≈-Xp-t]mse tkan-

b-∏m-bkw Xøm-dm-°n. a°sf \√-t]mse Hcp-

°p-Ibpw `£Ww sImSp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp-

sIm≠v ]d™p: a°-tf, BI-aWw \S-°m≥

t]mIp-I-bm-Wv. \n߃ Fs‚ \mev B¨a-°-fm-

Wv. \n߃ Bsc-¶nepw ]pdwXn-cn™v HmSp-Ibpw

Poh-t\msS hcp-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ Rms\m-cn-°epw

\n߃ X∂ Fs‚ ]m¬ \n߃°v am∏m-°p-∂-

X-√. Rm≥ \n߃ CuZv B°n-bXv t]mse

\n߃ F\n°pw CuZv B°-Ww. A√m-lp-hns‚

am¿K-Øn¬ Nncn®pw kt¥m-jn®pw \n߃°v

s\©p-I-fn¬ AI-aWw G‰p-hm-ßnbpw Poh≥

\¬Ip-I. ]pdw Xncn™v ]n≥`m-K-Ø√ ASn-hm-

tß-≠-Xv. Aßs\ Ah¿ Xs‚ \mep-a-°-tfbpw

ssZh-am¿K-Øn¬ ka¿∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£,

XØ-\-ep Abvln-ap¬ aem-C-°, F∂

hmKvZm-\hpw hfsc D∂-X-amb \ne-bn¬

Ah¿°v th≠n ]q¿Øn-bm-bn. hyXykvX Kma-

ß-fn¬ \ns∂-Ønb AI-ankwLw KmaØn\-

SpØv FØn-b-t∏mƒ Hcp Inwh-Z-Øn-bpsS

t]cn¬ ]n¥n-cn-t™m-Sn.....

(Jp-Xv_msØ Xzmln¿ `mKw : 2, t]Pv: 81, 82)

h\n-Xm-cwKw

Fw.-]n. hotc-µ-Ip-am-dns‚ Ah-Xm-cn-I-tbm-

Sp-IqSn hnNm-c-thZn ]kn-≤o-I-cn® kXy-km-

bn-_m_ F∂ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ ]d-bp∂p:

Xs‚ Ah-Xmcicocw shSn-bp∂ Imcyw

kXy-km-bn-_m_ hf-sc-°mew aptº ]h-

Nn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. 96˛mw hb-n¬ Xm≥

icocw shSn-bp-sa-∂mWv ]h-Nn-®n-cn-°p-∂-

Xv. (t]Pv : 72)

]p -]¿Øn io kXy-kmbn C≥Ãn-‰yq v Hm v

lb¿ saUn-°¬ kb≥kn¬ Rmb-dmgvN

cmhnse 7.40 \mbn-cp∂p kXy-km-bn-_m-_-

bpsS tZl-hn-tbm-Kw. kam-[n-b-S-bp-tºmƒ

86 hb-km-bn-cp-∂p... lrZ-b-an-Sn∏v A]-I-S-

Icamb \ne-bn¬ Ipd-™-Xns\ XpS¿∂v

am¿®v 28 \mWv _m_sb Akv]-Xn-bn¬

]th-in-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Ccp-]-Øn-tbgv Znh-k-

ambn Bkv]-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp∂ _m_-bpsS

Btcm-Ky-\ne CS°v sa®-s∏- n-cp-s∂-¶nepw

Ign™ sNm∆m-gv®-tbmsS B¥-cn-Im-h-b-h-

ß-fpsS ]h¿Ø\w tami-am-hp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-

b-Xv. i\n-bmgvN cmXn-tbmsS ISpØ lrZ-

bm-Lm-XsØ XpS¿∂v A¥yw kw -hn-°p-

I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-sX∂v tUm. F. F≥ k^mb

]d-™p.

]Øph¿j-w

ap-tº........

Page 16: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

162011 sabv

AlvaZnøm Jnem-^Øpambpff \nßfpsS

_‘hpw kvt\lhpw Xm¬°m-en-Ihpw

ss\an-jn-I-hp-am-bn-cn-°-cp-Xv. adn®v ÿmbn-bm-

bXpw Fs∂-t∂-°p-ap-≈-Xpw, ASpØ Xe-ap-

d-bnepw XpS¿∂v t]mcp-∂-Xp-am-bn-cn-°-Ww.

A√m-lp-hn-\p-th-≠n-bp≈ \nßfpsS Cu

_‘w Imc-Ww, \nß-fpsS aSn-Ø- n¬ hf-

cp∂ mhn-bnse amXm-°-tf-bpw, \nß-fpsS aSn-

Ø-´n¬ hf¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ `mhn-bnse

]nXm-°-tf-bpw. AlvaZnøm Pam-A-I-Øn\v

Ft∏mgpw In´n-s°m-≠n-cn-°-Ww. Ah-cpsS aSn-

Ø-´nepw X¿_n-ø-Ønepw Nnd-Ip-hn-cn-bp∂

Ip´n-Iƒ Pam-A-Øn\pw AlvaZnøm Jnem- -

Øn\pw th≠n Poh≥ ka¿∏n-°p-∂-h-cm-bn-cn-

°-Ww. \nß-fpsS aSn-Ø´n¬ hf-cp∂ a°ƒ

bphm-°-fm-Ip-tºmƒ, Ah-cpsS PohnX e£yw

lZvdXv akolv auDu-Zv(-A)s‚ ZuXy-Øns‚

apt∂-‰hpw lZvdXv apl-Ω-Zv(-k)s‚ ]Xm-Isb

temIØv \ne-\m- p-I-bpw, ssZh-]oXn Ic-ÿ-

am-°p-I-bp-am-bn-cn-°Ww. \ap-s°√mw Htc a\-

kpw, I¿a-hp -ambn PohnXw \bn -°m≥

A√mlp klm-bn-°p-am-dm-I-s´.

(]-`m-j-Ww. 30˛07˛2005, P¬km-km-em\

bp.sI ePv\ skj≥)

Jnem- -Øn-t\m-Sp≈ \nß-fpsS _‘w

ss\a-n-jn-I-am-I-cpXv!l. Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv Jmankv (A-ø-Z-lp-√m-lv)

l. Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv II(-d) ]d-bp∂p:

Jnem- -Øn-emWv

F√m-hn[ A\p-K-l-ßfpw

kplr-Øp-°tf, Fs‚ Ah-km\ D]-tZiw

CXmWv; F√m A\p-K-l-ßfpw Jnem- -Øn-

em-Wp-≈-Xv. \p_p-∆Øv Hcp hnØv hnX-°p-

∂p. AXn-\p-tijw Jnem- Øv AXns‚ ]`m-

h-ßsf temIØv ]c-Øp-∂p. \n߃ Cu

bYm¿Y Jnem-^-Øns\ apdp-sI-∏n-Sn-°p-I-

bpw, temI-Øn\v AXns‚ A\p-K-l-߃

sIm≠v ]tbm-P\w \¬Ip-Ibpw sNøp-hn≥.

(A¬^Zv¬ 20˛5˛1959)

Zo\ns\ tkhn-°-W-sa-¶n¬

Rm≥ \nßsf D]-tZ-in-°p-I-bmWv; \n߃

FX-Xs∂ _p≤n-am-\pw, Nn¥-I\pw Bbn-cp-

∂m-epw, \nß-fpsS Nn¥bpw _p≤nbpw Jnem-

-Øn\v Iogn¬ BImØXp-hsc \nß-fpsS

_p≤n-bnepw Nn¥-bnepw Ncn-®p-sIm≠v

\n߃°v Zo\ns\ tkhn-°m≥ km[yta

A√..... \n߃ Cam-an\v ]n∂n¬ \S-°msX

Hcn-°epw A√m-lp-hns‚ klm-bhpw ]n¥p-

Wbpw \n߃°v B¿Pn-°m≥ km[y-a-√.

AXp-sIm≠v \n߃ A√m-lp-hns‚ klmbw

BK-ln-°-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Hm¿°p-I, AXn-\p≈

GI-hgn \nß-fpsS Fgp-t∂¬°-epw, Ccn-°-

epw, \n¬°-epw, \S-°-epw, kwkm-cn-°-epw,

au\w Zo£n-°epw F\n°v Iogn¬ B°pI

amX-am-Wv. (A¬^Zv¬ 4˛9˛1937)

l. Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv I(d) ]d-bp∂p:

A\p-k-cWw

A√mlp Bsc-bmtWm Ah-Im-in-sb∂v a\-

kn-em-°n-bXv Abmsf Xs‚ ssIsIm≠v

Jeo- -bm-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Abmsf FXn¿°p-

∂-h¿ I≈-\pw, [n°m-cn-bp-am-Wv. ae-°p-I-fmbn

A\p-k-cn-°p-I. C_veokv BI-cp-Xv.

(_Zv¿ 4˛7˛1912)

k¬°¿aw

Jeo-^-am-cpsS FXn-cm-fn-Isf Xncn-®-dn-bm-

\p≈ ][m-\-Imcyw Ah-cpsS k¬°¿a-ß-

fn¬ Ipdhv D≠m-hp -Ibpw Ah¿ Zo\o

]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ ]n¥p-W-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp-

∂p-sh-∂-Xm-Wv. (A¬^Zv¬ 18˛12˛1913)

Ben-apkvenbmcp-sS

Jnem- Øv

˛ ]gb ae-_m¿ Pn√-bpsS `mK-amb Gd-\m-

´nse at©cn ap\n-kn-∏m-en-‰n-bn¬s∏´ s\√n-

°pØv tZiØv 1853˛¬ BWv Ben-

apkvenbm¿ P-\n-®-Xv.

˛ BsI A©v hnhmlw sNbvXn- p-≠v.

˛ 1916 apX¬ IpSpw-_-k-ln-X-amWv Xncq-c-ßm-

Sn-bn¬ Xma-kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv.

˛ 1921 BKÃv 20 \v Ben-apkvenbm¿ Xncq-c-

ßm-Sn-bn¬ Pam-AØv ]≈n-bn¬sh®v Jnem-

^Øv cmPm-hmbn ÿm\-ta-‰p.

˛ BKÃv 31 \v Ben-apkvenbmsc `c-W-IqSw

AdÃv sNbvXp.

˛ 1922 s^_p-hcn amkw Ben-apkvenbmsc

Xq°n-te-‰n-b-tXmsS ae-_m¿ Jnem-^Øpw

kz]v\-ßfpw aÆ-Sn-™p.

Nµ-°-ebpw ]®-\n-d-hp-ap≈ Jnem-^Øv

sImSn-bn¬ Dt√-J\w sNbvX hmN-I-߃

Cß-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

Jnem- Øv

ssZhw hen-b-h≥

hr≤cpw bphm-°-fpw- \-S-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-∂-h-

cpw, khm-cn-sN-øm≥ Ign-bp-∂-h-cpw, Btcm-Ky-

ap-≈-hcpw C√m-Ø-hcpw GXp-ÿn-Xn-bn-em-sW-

¶nepw bp≤w sNøm≥ ]pd-s∏-SpI. \n߃

henbhcmWv ssZhw \nß-fpsS IqsS-bp-≠v.Jeo^ DkvXm-ZmWv

Jeo^ DkvXmZv BWv. Pam-A-Ønse Hmtcm

hy‡nbpw injy\pw. Jeo- -bpsS hmbn¬

\n∂v h∂ Hcp -hm°pw ]mh¿Øn-I-am-°msX

Hgn-hm-°-cp-Xv. (A¬^Zv¬ 2˛3˛1946)

Ckvemans‚ ]ptcm-KXn

Jnem-^Øv C√msX Hcn-°epw Ckvemw

]ptcm-K-Xn -]m-]n-°p-I-bn-√. Ckvemw Jeo- -

am-cneqsSbmWv ]ptcm-KXn ]m]n-®-Xv. taen

epw CXv aptJ-\-X-s∂-bmWv A`n-hr-≤n-s∏-Sp-I.

(Z¿kp¬Jp¿-B≥ t]Pv: 72)

kphm¿ØA√mlp ap∂mw Jeo-^-bm-°p∂

Bƒ°v Rm≥ kphm¿Ø \¬Ip-

I-bm-Wv, At±lw A√m-lp-hn¬

hnizm -k-a¿∏n -®p -sIm≠v Fgp -

t∂¬°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ .... temI-

Ønse `c-W-Iq-S-߃ FXn¿Øm

epw Ah-sb√mw Xhn-Sp-s]mSnbmIp-

∂-Xm-Wv.(˛ Jn-em- sØ lJ Ckvemanb)

l. Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv km\n (-d)

Page 17: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

2011 sabv17

JmZn-bm≥ : kZv¿

A©p-a≥ Alva

Znøm `mcXns‚

]pXnb kZv¿ (-]-kn-

U‚ v) Bbn auem

\m lIow apl-ΩZv

Zo≥ kmln-_ns\

\nb-an -®p -sIm≠v

lZvdXv Aao-dp¬

apAv an\o≥ DØ-c-

hm-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

Zo¿L-Im -e -ambn

kZv¿ A©p-a≥ AlvaZnø AwK-amb auem\m

kmln_v C¥y-bnse hnhn[ kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬

ap_-√nKv Bbpw ap_-√nKv C≥Nm¿Pv Bbpw

auem\m l°ow apl-ΩZv Zo≥ kmln-_v,

kZv¿, kZv¿ A©p-a≥ AlvaZn-øm

tkh\w A\p-jvTn-®n- p-≠v. IqSmsX Pman-A-

bn¬ A[ym-]-I\mbpw ]n≥kn-∏-embpw

]h¿Øn-®n- p≈ auem\m kmln-_n\v Ad_n

Cw•ojv D¿Zp `mj-Iƒ°v ]pdta ^m¿kn-

bnepw ]tXyIw hyp¬]Øn-bp-≠v.

hJvs^ PZoZv A©p-a≥ kZv¿, XlvcnIv PZoZv

A©p-a≥ AwKw, aPvenkv Im¿]¿Zmkv kZv¿,

aPvenkv A≥km-dp-√mlv `mcXv kZv¿ F∂o

\ne°pw ]h¿Øn-®n- p-≠v.

tÃj≥ amÃ-dmbn tPmen t\m°-th-bmWv

lZvdXv apkvenlv auDu-Zv(-d)s‚ \n¿tZ-i-]-

Imcw PohnXw hJv v sNbvXv Zo\o]h¿Ø-

\-Øn¬ hym]r-X-\m-b-Xv. lZvdXv apkvenlv

auDu-Zv (-d)s‚ Xs∂ CwKnX ]Im-c-amWv ti¿

hm-\nbpw Xe-∏mhpw [cn®p XpS-ßn-bXpw.

A_vZp¬ kØm¿

CuZn°v

kam-[m\ kΩm\we≠≥ : kmaqlyt£a cwK-

sØ-bpw, am\-hnI tkh\ cwK-

sØbpw kw`m-h-\-Iƒ°v Alv

aZv kØm¿ CuZn°v AlvaZnøm

kam-[m\ kΩm\w e`n -®p. ss_Øp¬

^pØq-lv akvPn-Zn¬ sh®v \S∂ ]uV Kw`o-

c-amb NS-ßn¬ sh®v lpkq¿ Xncp-a-\v

CuZn°v kΩm\w \¬In. kΩm\w hoUntbm

tIm¨ -d≥kn-ßn-eqsS CuZn°v \¬Ip-I-bm-

bn-cp-∂p. P∏m-\nse

`qIº _m[n-X¿°m-

bp≈ Zpcn -Xm-izmk

]h¿Ø-\-ßfnem-bn-

cp∂p At±-lw. hyXy

kvX I¿Ω-cw-K-ß-fn-

embn a\pjytkh

\w, kmaq-lnI ]h¿

Ø\w XpS-ßnb kr

jvSn-]-c-amb taJ-e-I-

fn¬ ]h¿Øn-°p-∂-

h¿°mWv AlvaZnøm

kam-[m\ kΩm\w \¬Ip-∂-Xv. Ign™ h¿

jw apX-emWv Cu kΩm\w G¿ s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv.

_n -\nse ]apJ cmjvSob kmaq-lnI]h¿Ø-

I-\mb tem¿Uv _dn-°m-bn-cp∂p Ign™

h¿jw kΩm\w e`n-®-Xv.

Fd-Wm-Ipfw:a‰p- a-X-ÿ-cpsS hnizm-km-Z¿i-ß-

tfmSv hntbm-Pn-∏p-s≠-¶n¬ t]mepw Ah-cp-sS-

XmXv]-cy-߃ kwc-£n-°m≥ ian-®m¬ aX-ku-

lm¿Zw km≤y-am-Ip-sa∂v Fd-Wm-Ipfw tkmW¬

Aao¿ _n._n.AlvaZv I_o¿ kmln_v A`n-

]m-b-s∏´p. aPvenkv Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZnøm

kuØv Cem-J-bpsS t\XrXz-Øn¬ Fd-Wm-Ipfw

akvPnZv Da-dn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n® am\-h-ssaXo

kwKaw DZvLm-S\w sNøp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p At±lw.

sI.]n. apcfn (k_vFUn-‰¿,P-∑- qan), dh.-tUm-

IvS¿ Ãm≥en tamXn-c-∏n≈n, auehn Fw \mkn¿

AlvaZv kmln_v F∂n-h¿ ]kwKn-®p. aPvenkv

Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZnøm kuØv CemJm JmbnZv

C.-F-®v. \Po_v kmln_v A≤y-£X hln-®p.

a‰p- a-X-ÿ-cpsS XmXv]-cy-߃

kwc-£n-°p-hm≥ ian-°pI

bmk¿ Ad- mØv Jp¿-B≥ ]mcm-bWw \n¿h-

ln®p. \mknw A≥km-dp-√mlv ]n.-sI. jmlp¬

laoZv kmln_v \µn ]d-™p. tbmK-tØ-S-\p-_-

‘n®v aX-ssa-Xo-]-Z¿i-\-Øns‚ C˛-sa-bn¬

t^m¿am-‰ns‚ ]Nm-c-tWm¬Lm-S-\hpw \S-∂p.

Bao≥ ]cn]mSntImgnt°mSv: tImgnt°mSv PamAØn¬

hnip≤ Jp¿B≥ HmXn ]q¿Ønbm°nb

AXv^m¬ \mkndmØv Ip´nIfpsS Bao≥

]cn-]mSn \SØn. tImgnt°mSv taJem Aao¿

P\m_v sI.Fw. AlvaZv tImb kmln_v

A≤y£X hln®p. 12 Ip´nIfmWv CØhW

Bao≥ ]cn-]mSnbn¬ ]s¶SpØXv. CXv aq∂mw

XhWbmWv tImgnt°mSv PamAØn¬ Bao

≥ ]cn-]mSn \SØp∂Xv. sNdnb Ip´nIƒ°v

aZk kwLSn∏n®v Ahsc hnip≤ Jp¿B≥

]Tn∏n°p∂ kwcw`Øn¬ auehn PwjmZv

kmln_ns‚ hnetbdnb tkh\߃ hfsc

]iwk\obhpw A`n \ µ\obhpamsW∂v

Aao¿ kmln_v A`n]mbs∏´p.

aÆm¿°mSv : ]me-°mSv taJ-e-bpsS B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬aÆm¿°mSv akvPn-Zn¬ busa aqkn-bm≥ GI-Zn\ X¿_n-øØv Iymºv kwL-Sn-∏n-®p.taJem Aao¿ s]m^. Fw.-sI. A_vZp¬ Icowkmln-_ns‚ A[y-£-X-bn¬ tN¿∂ Iymºn¬ au.F®v ipkp-±o≥ kmln_v, au. sI. alvaqZv kmln_vF∂n-h¿ ]kw-Kn-®p. D®-°v tijw au. lnZm-b-Øp-√mlv Jm≥ kmln_v ¢msk-Sp-Øp. _bvØp¬ am¬C≥kvs]-IvS¿ au. sI. \mkn¿ AlvaZv kmln_vkwi-b-߃°v adp-]Sn ]d-™p.sI.Abap amÿ kmln_v Xnem-hØv \n¿h-ln-®p.kn.]n.kn±oJv kmln_v ]Zyw sNm√n. 180 t]¿ ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

busa aqkn-bm≥

Xriq¿ ]qcw FIvkn-_n-j-\n¬

_pIvÃmƒXriq¿ : tNe-°c Pam-A-Øns‚ B`n-ap-Jy-

Øn¬ Xriq¿ ]qcw FIvkn-_n-j-\n¬ CØ-h-

Wbpw _pIvÃmƒ Xpd-∂p. G]n¬ BZy-hmcw

Bcw- n® FIvkn-_n-j≥ sabv Ah-km-\-Øn¬

kam-]n-°pw. au. Kpemw AlvaZv kmln-_ns‚

t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ]me-°mSv taJ-e-bnse ap_-

√nKv apA-√nw-amcpw ZmCu Ce-√m-lvamcpw _pIv

Ãmƒ \S-Øn-∏n\v Np°m≥ ]nSn-°p-∂p.

s]mXp-tbm-KwAe-\-√q¿ : ]mtZ-inI Pam-A-Øn-s‚bpw Jp±m-ap¬AlvaZn-øm-bp-sSbpw kwbp‡m`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ Imc, sh -Øq¿, B™n-e-ßmSn ]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ ]pkvXI X_veoKv\S-Øn. B™n-e-ßm-Sn-bn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n® s]mXp-tbm-K-Øn¬ auehn apl-ΩZv Ckvam-Cu¬ kmln_v. F®v. F]kw-Kn-®p.

Page 18: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

182011 sabv

e≠≥ : hyXykvX cmPy-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw, aX-

ß-fn¬ \n∂pw, kwkvIm-c-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-ap≈

Bfp-Iƒ°v XW-em-bn-am-dnb cmPy-amWv

_n´≥ F∂v Jeo- -Øp¬ akolv an¿km

akvdq¿ AlvaZv (A-ø-Z-lp) ]d-™p. e≠-

\n¬ \S∂ kam-[m\ knwt]m-kn-b-Øn¬

apJy-]- m-jWw \S-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp∂ At±lw

temI-Ønse CXc cmPy-ß-fp-ambn X´n®p

t\m°p-tºmƒ _n´¨ hfsc sNdp-Xm-sW-

¶nepw Chn-SsØ P\-ß-fpsS lrZbhnim-

eX AXn¿Øn-I-fn-√m-Ø-Xm-sW∂v lpkq¿

]d-™p. P\-ß-fpsS lrZbhnim-eX ImcWw

GXp cmjvSob ]m¿´n A[n-Im-c-Øn-se-Øn-

bmepw CSp-ßnb aX-Nn-¥-Iƒ `c-W-Iq-SsØ

_m[n-°m-dn-√. \oXn-°p -th-≠n-bp≈ Cu

BKlw F∂pw _n´ojv Kh: s\ \bn-°-

W-sa-∂-XmWv Xs‚ ]m¿∞-\-sb∂v lpkq¿

XpS¿∂p ]d-™p.

Xs‚ ]kw-K-Øn¬ temI-sØ-ºm-Sp-ambn

AlvaZn-Iƒ t\cn-Sp∂ ]oU-ß-sfbpw lpkq

¿ A\p-kva-cn-®p. ISpØ Iqc-X-Isf kam-

[m-\-Øns‚ am¿§-Øn-emWv Pam-AØv t\cn-

Sp-∂-Xv. CkvemanI ]am-W-a-\p-k-cn®v \nbaw

Iøn-se-Sp-°m-sX-bmWv X߃ Pohn-°p-∂-

sX∂v lpkq¿ Du∂n-∏-d-™p.

am¿®v 26 \v ss_Øp¬ ^pØp-ln¬ h®v

\S∂ knwt]m-kn-b-Øn¬ 1000 e[nIw £Wn-

Xm-°ƒ ]s¶-Sp-Øp. ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ h®v

AlvaZnøm kam-[m\ kΩm\w A_vZp¬ A

Øm¿ CuZn°v lpkq¿ kΩm-\n-®p. bpsI

AlvaZnøm Aao¿ d^oJv AlvaZv lbmØv

kzmKXw ]d™p. _ntbm-_-ln¬

aIvtkmW Fw.-]n, tem¿Uv **, FUvtUhdn

Fw.-]n, (sXm-gn¬ Imcy-a-¥n) At‰m¿Wn P\-

d¬ sUma-\nIv Kn∏v F∂n-h¿ kwkm-cn-®p.

_n´≥ kln-jvWp-X-bpsS \mSv:

AlvaZn-øm Jeo-

Fd-Wm-Ipfw: Ae-k-cmb P\-Xbv°v hnPbw

hcn-°m-\m-hn-s√∂v Fd-Wm-Ipfw Aao¿ _n.-

_n. AlvaZv I_o¿ kmln_v A`n-]m-b-s∏-

´p. aPvenkv Jp±map¬ AlvaZnøm kuØv

Cem-J-bpsS B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ Fd-Wm-Ipfw

aPvenkv Da-dn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n® X_veoKv

kwKaw DZvLm-S\w sNøp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p At±

lw. tbmK-Øn¬ _n. Xmln¿ AlvaZv kmln

_v hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ ]mcm-bWw sNbvXp.

X_veoKns‚ hnhn[ coXn-Isf Ipdn®v aue

hn apl-ΩZv \Po-_vJm≥ kmln-_v, bmk¿

Ad- mØv kmln_v Xncp-Øn-bmSv F∂n-h¿

]kw-Kn-®p. F®v AlvaZv im^n kmln_v

A[y-£X hln-®p.

˛ _n.-F. apl-ΩZv \Po_v

X_veoKv kwKawX¿_n-øØv ¢mkv

Imh-t»cn: sshhm-lnI ]iv\-߃ F∂

hnj-bsØ Bkv]-Z-am°n ]me-°mSv taJ-e-

bnse Pam-A-Øp-I-fn¬ X¿_n-øØv ¢mkv

kwL-Sn-∏n-®p. Imh-t»-cn-bn¬ ]kn-U≠v

F®v. kpsse-am≥ kmln_v A≤y£w hln-

®p. ap_-√nKvamcmb aue-hn. F®v. iwkp-±o≥

kmln-_v, Akokv AlvaZv Akvew kmln

_v F∂n-h¿ ¢msk-Sp-Øp. Fkv. dmjnJv

AlvaZv Xnem-h-Øp¬ Jp¿-B≥ \n¿h-ln-®p.

sI.-ssh. Xzmln¿ AlvaZv ]Zyw sNm√n.

ZAvhsØ Ce-√mlv

IymºvBZn-\mSv : Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw taJ-e-bpsS B`n-

ap-Jy-Øn¬ BZn-\mSv akvPn-Zn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n®

ZAvhsØ Ce-√mlv GI-Zn\ Iymºv taJem

Aao¿ F. ico v AlvaZv kmln_v DZvLm-

S\w sNbvXp. BZn-\mSv ]kn-U≠v Fw.-sI.

A_vZp¬ Peo¬ kmln_v A[y-£-\m-bn. au.

Sn. i^oJv AlvaZv kmln-_v, au. \Po_v

Jm≥ kmln_v, au. Aao≥ apl-ΩZv kmln

_v F∂n-h¿ ¢msk-Sp-Øp.

apdn-b-°Æn: ]mtZ-inI Pam-AØv kwL-Sn-

∏n® GI-Zn\ ZAvhsØ Ce√mlv Iymºv

taJem Aao¿ s]m^. Fw. A_vZp¬ Icow

kmln_v DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. Xncp-hngmw

Ip∂v ]kn-U≠v sI.-D-Æo≥ kmln_v A[y-

£-\m-bn. au. apl-ΩZv Ckvam-Cu¬ kmln-

_v, au. lnZm-b-Øp-√mlv Jm≥ kJm^n

F∂n-h¿ ¢msk-Sp-Øp.

D®-°vtijw tN¿∂ tbmK-Øn¬ apdn-b-°Æn

sshkv ]kn-U≠v Sn.-Ip™n amÿ A[y-

£X hln-®p. au. Sn. apl-ΩZv a≥kn¬ kmln-

_v, au. F®v. iwkp-±o≥ kmln_v F∂n-h¿

¢msk-Sp-Øp. kZ-ky-cpsS tNmZy-߃°v au.

iwkp-±o≥ kmln_v adp -]Sn ]d™p.

ZAvhsØ Ce-√mlv skI- dn ]n. C_mlow

kmln_v \µn-]-d-™p.

ankmeo hJmsd Aa¬amtØm´w : Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZn-øm-bp-sS-bpw, A≥km-dp-√m-bp-sSbpw kwbp-‡m-`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ Ip≠m-bn-tØmSvA¿[-hn-Zym-e-b-Øn¬ 24˛4˛11 hJmsd Aa¬ \S-Øn,A≥km-dp√m kbow kmln_v DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. tImgn-t°mSv Blind Federation s‚ ]ap-Jhy‡n-Iƒ k∂n-ln-X-cm-bn-cp-∂p. JmCZv kmln-_ns‚bp-w, kbow kmln_ns‚bp-w t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ 42 AwK-߃ ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

_mwKvfq-¿ Jp±mw ]mtZ-inI CPvXn-am-Av

JmCZv kmln_v ]kw-Kn-°p-∂p.

\mkn-dmØv

taJem CPvXnamAvIÆq¿: \mkn-dm-Øp¬ AlvaZnøm taJem CPvXn-am-Avkwÿm\ skI-´dn Pphbvcnbm Kul¿ iwkvkmln_ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. taJem skI- dn \kodkmln_ A[y-£-bm-bn-cp-∂p. dq_nb IÆq¿ Su¨¢msk-Sp-Øp. XpS¿∂v Ip´n-I-fpsS hnhn[ a¬k-c-߃ kwL-Sn-∏n-®p.

s]cn-¥¬a-Æ-bn¬ X_veo-Kvs]cn-¥¬aÆ: ]me-°mSv taJem Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZn-ø-bpsS B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ s]cn-¥¬a-Æ-bn¬ taJemX_veo-Kpw, X¿_nøØv ¢mkpw kwL-Sn-∏n-®p.]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ 50˛¬ A[nIw JmZn-Iƒ ]s¶-Sp-Øp.D®-°vtijw au. lnZm-b-Øp-√mlv Jm≥ kmln_v¢msk-Sp-Øp.

Page 19: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

2011 sabv19

tImgnt°mSv: aPvenkv Jp±map¬ AlvaZnøm tImgnt°mSv Pn√bpsS B`napJyØn¬ \oeKncn

aetbmcßfnte°v hnt\mZbmX kwLSn∏n®p. tImgnt°mSv taJem JmCZv t\Xr-Xz-w

\¬In. aPvenkv Jp±map¬ Alva

Znøm `mcXv ap≥ \mbn_v kZ¿ tUm.

kemlp±o≥ kmln_v auehn kp

¬Øm≥ \ko¿ kmln_v, auehn

PwjmZv kmln_v F∂nhcpw ]

s¶SpØp. JmZnw ktlmZc߃°v

IpXnc khmcn, t_m´v khmcn,

Nn°≥ Kn¬ sNøpI, Imw]v^b¿,

F∂nh \SØp hm\p≈ Ahkcw

e`n®p.

Du´nbnte°v hnt\mZbmX

tImgnt°mSv: tImgnt°mSv PamAØv hnip≤ Jp¿B≥hmcw BNcn°pIbp≠mbn. P\m_v Aao¿ kmln_vtImgnt°mSv, auehn ]n.F. aplΩZv keow kmln_v,F.Fw. aplΩZv keow kmln_v, auehn PwjmZvkmln_v, Sn. AlvaZv kbnZv kmln_v, auehn kp¬Øm≥ \ko¿ kmln_v, auehn k^¿ AlvaZv kmln_vF∂nh¿ hnhn[ hnjbßsf Bkv]Zam°n ¢mkpIƒ AhXcn∏n-®p.amtØm´w : aem-bn-°Øp√mlv, X vko-dp¬ Jp¿-B≥,hn.-Jp. CX-c-thZ K¥-ß-fp-sS-bpw, Jp¿-B\pw imkvX-hpw, Xu_bpw CkvJv mdpw kwkvI-cWw Jp¿Bs‚shfn-®-Øn¬, hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ amlmflyw F∂o hnj-b-ßsf Bkv]-Z-am°n ¢mp-Iƒ D≠m-bn.

hnip≤ Jp¿B≥ hmcw

IpSpw-_-tbmKw

\SØnamtØm´w : amtØm´w Pam-A-Øv h -°n-

W¿ taJem IpSpw-_-tbmKw dlow kmln-

_ns‚ hk-Xn-bn¬ \S-Øn. auehn Ckvam-

bn¬ kmln_v Be∏n hn⁄m\]Z-amb

¢mv \S-Øn. amtØm´w ]kn-U≠v kmln-

_ns‚ A≤y-£-X-bn¬ Bcw- n® tbmK-Øn¬

auehn k^¿ AlvaZv kmln_v Xnem-hØv

\n¿h-ln-®p.

IÆq¿ Su¨ : au. sI. A_vZp-emw kmln-_v, au.apl-ΩZv Ckvam-Cu¬ kmln-_v, au. Sn.-Fw. apl-ΩZv

kmln-_v, Sn.-im-Pn¿ AlvaZv kmln-_v, sI. A_vZp¬

Akokv kmln-_v, AUz. \nkm¿ AlvaZv kmln_vF∂n-h¿ ]kw-Kn-®p.IS-embn : Sn.-iw-kp-±o≥ kmln-_v, au. Sn. Fw. apl-ΩZvkmln-_v, au. apl-ΩZv Ckvam-Cu¬ kmln-_v, au. sI.A_vZp-emw kmln-_v, au. F≥. i^oJv AlvaZv kmln-_v, au.sI.-ssh. iwkp-±o≥ kmln_v F∂n-h¿ ]kw-Kn-®p.Icp-\m-K-∏≈n : Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw taJem Aao¿ Fw.ico v AlvaZv kmln_v DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. hnhn[Znh-k-ß-fn¬ au. Sn.-i- oJv AlvaZv kmln-_v, au. apl-ΩZv ^mdqJv kmln-_v, s]m^. kn. A_vZp¬ Peo¬kmln-_v, aue-hn. Fw. k^¿ AlvaZv kmln-_v,A_vZp¬ hlm_v kmln-_v, tUm. Fw. ico v AlvaZvkmln-_v, _n.-Fw. I_o¿ kmln_v F∂n-h¿ ]`m-jWw\S-Øn.I-cp-fm-bn : Sn.sI. ap-iv-XmJv km-ln_v, sI. A-lvaZvkm-ln_v, H.sI.kp-sse-am≥ km-ln_v, Sn.sI. A-–p¬lIow km-ln_v, Fw.sF ap-\-∆¿ A-laZv km-ln_v,F-∂n-h¿ hnhn-[ Zn-h-k-ß-fn¬ A-[y-£-X h-ln®p.auehn kn.]n.sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip- n km-ln_v, auehn ]n. A-–p¬ \m-k¿ km-ln_v, auehn Sn.sI. a-lvaq-Zv km-ln_v,Fw.sF.ap-\-∆¿ A-laZv km-ln_v, auehn sI. kn-±oJv km-ln_v, Sn.sI. a-lvaq-Zv km-ln-_v F-∂n-h¿ hnhn-[ hn-j-bß-sf B-kv-]-Z-am-°n ]-kw-Kn®p. Hmtcm Zn-h-khpw kv-Xo-Ifpw Ip- n-Ifpw Dƒ-∏-sS 130Hm-fw t]¿]-s¶-SpØp.

P\m-[n-]Xyw

CkvemanI ho£-W-Øn¬IÆq¿: P\m-[n-]Xyw Ckveman-I-ho-£-W-Øn¬ F∂hnj-bsØ A[n-I-cn®v aPvenkv Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZnøIÆq¿ tÃUnbw tIm¿W-dn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n® s]mXp-tbm-K-Øn¬ au. sI. alv-aq-Zv AlvaZv kmln_v ]kw-Kn-®p.au. apl-ΩZv Ckvam-Cu¬ kmln_v A[y£w hln-®p.

amtØm´w : amtØm´w Pam-A-Øns‚ B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬akolv auDuZv Zn\-tbmKw BN-cn-®p. amtØm´w ]knU≠v kmln_ns‚ A≤y-£-X-bn¬ Bcw- n® tbmK-Øn¬ tImgn-t°mSv taJe Aao¿ kmln_v akolvauDuZv Zn\-ß-fn¬ ]m[m-\y-sØ-°p-dn®pw DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ß-sf-Ip-dn®pw lpkq¿ Xncp-a-\-ns‚ JpXp_m]`m-j-W-Øns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ ¢msk-Sp-Øp. Peo¬AlvaZv kmln_v Xnem-hØv \n¿hln-®p.sImSp-ß-√q¿ : Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZn-øm-bpsS B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ akolv auDuZv Zn\-tbmKw kwL-Sn-∏n-®p.Pam-AØv ]kn-U≠v ssk\p-±o≥ kmln-_v, auehndnbm-kp-±o≥ F∂n-h¿ kwkm-cn-®p.Ae-\-√q¿ : ]mtZ-inI Pam-A-Øns‚ B n-ap-Jy-Øn¬\S-Ønb akolv auDuZv Zn\-tbm-K-Øn¬ _io¿kmln_v hnjbw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. sshkv ]kn-U≠vkn. apl-ΩZv kmln_v A≤y-£-\m-bn-cp-∂p.

D√m-k-bm-Xbpw

X¿_n-øØv ¢mkpwawK-em-]pcw : IÆq¿ taJem A≥km-dp-√mlv awK-em-]p-c-tØ°v D√m-k-bmX kwL-Sn-∏n-®p. taJem\mknw ]n.-]n. \mkn-dp-±o≥ kmln_v t\XrXzw\¬In. AtXm-S-\p-_-‘n®v tN¿∂ X¿_n-øØv¢mkn¬ tamKm¬ ]kn-U≠v kn±oJv Aivd v Aenkmln_v A[y-£w-h-ln-®p. au. apl-ΩZv l\o- vkm-ln-_v, kn. F®v. A_vZp¬»p-Iq¿ kmln_v F∂n-h¿ ¢msk-Sp-Øp.

akolv auDuZv Zn\-tbmKw

\mC_v kZvdns‚

kµ¿i\wtKmZm-hcn / sNss∂ : aPvenkv Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZnøm\mC_v kZv¿ kn.-iaow kmln_v B‘-bnse tIm -∏≈nsdbv\ ]mfbw, apt_m-cp, AÕ-a-√n, AUvtdm-Uv, Nndn-bm-e, sh¶n-t´b ]mew, ]´n-ko-a, _wKm-cp-t]- , Ipt≠-cp, _ ve s]cp-am-ep, K≠-ime aPven-kp-I-fpw, sNss∂aPvenkpw kµ¿in®v ]h¿Ø-I-k-anXn AwK-ß-fp-ambnao‰nwKv kwL-Sn-∏n-®p. B‘-bnse aPven-kp-I-fn¬X¿_n-øØv tbmK-ß-fnepw \mC_v kZv¿ kmln_v]kw-Kn-®p. tKmZm-hcn taJem Aao¿ aue-hn.-]n.-Fw.apl-ΩZv djoZv kmln-_v, k¿°nƒ C≥Nm¿Pvamcmb au.tiJv a∂m≥ kmln-_v, au. apl-ΩZv Aøq-_vJm≥ kmln-_v, au. sI. dnbmkv AlvaZv kmln-_v, taJem JmCZvalv_q_v kmln_v F∂n-h¿ \mC_v kZvdns‚ ]cym-S-\-Øn¬ IqsS-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.sNss∂ aPven-kn¬ ]h¿ØI kan-Xn-tbm-K-Øn¬taJem JmCZv sI. \mkn¿ AlvaZv kmln_pw k∂n-ln-X-\m-bn-cp-∂p.

Icp-fmbn : aPvenkv Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZn-øm-bpsS

Hm^okns‚ DZvLm-S\w \mC_v kZ¿

aPvenkv Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZnøm `mcXv kn.

iaow kmln_v \n¿∆-ln-®p. ]me-°mSv taJem

Aao¿ Fw.sI A_vZp¬ Icow kmln_v

k∂n-ln-X-\m-bn-cp-∂p.

Hm^okv DZvLm-S\w

Page 20: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

202011 sabv

The Editor, AL HAQ

C/o Majlis Khuddamul Ahmadiyya

Karulai , Malappuram, Kerala

E.mail: [email protected]

JmZn-bm≥ : aPvenkv Im¿]¿Zmkv (_-lnivXn

aJv_-d) s‚ kZv¿ Bbn auem\m apl-ΩZv

Da¿ kmln-_ns\ \nb-an-®p-sIm≠v lZvdXv

Aao-dp¬ apAvan\o≥ Xncp-a-\kv DØ-c-hm-bn-

cn-°p-∂p.

auem\m lIow aplΩZv Zo≥ kmln_v kZv¿

A©p-a≥ AlvaZnøm kZv¿ Bbn \nb-an-X-

\m-b-Xns\ XpS¿∂mWv ]pXnb \nb-a\w.

tIc-fhpw Xan-gv\m-Sp-a-S°w C¥y-bnse hnhn[

kwL-S-\-I-fn¬ ap_-√n-Kv- Bbpw ap_-√nKv

C≥Nm¿Pmbpw tkh\w sNbvXn -´p≈

auem\m kmln_v ^e-kvXo-\nepw Ipd-®p-

Imew ]h¿Øn-®n-´p-≠v. PmanA A[ym-

]I\mbmWv tkh-\-߃ Bcw-`n -® -Xv .

2007˛¬ lpkq¿ Xncp-a-\kv \mkn¿ Ckvemlv

C¿imZv Bbn

\nb-an-®p. XpS

¿∂v AUn.\m

kn¿ XAv-eo-ap¬

Jp¿-B≥ hJv

s^ B¿kn

F∂ \ne°v ]

h¿Øn®p sIm

≠n-cns° \mC

_v \mkn¿ AAv

e Bbn \nb-an-X-\m-bn.

]`m-j-I\pw Fgp-Øp-Im-c-\p-amb auem\m

kmln_v ioe-¶-bn¬ ]e-X-hW ]cy-S\w \S-

Øn-bn- p-≠v. bp.-sI, P¿a≥ P¬k-I-fn¬ ]`m-

j-Whpw \S-Øn-bn- p-≠v.

auem\m apl-ΩZv Da¿ kmln_v

kZv¿ aPvenkv Im¿]¿Zmkv

Fd-Wm-Ipfw : PmXn-aX h¿K-t -Z-߃°-Xo-

X-ambn am\-h-cm-insb Hcp s]mXp-k-Ø-bn¬

\n∂v ssZhw krjvSn-®-Xm-sW∂ ktµ-i-hp-

ambn aPvenkv Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZnøm kuØv

CemJ hnhn[ tIµ-ß-fn¬ am\h ssaXn-

]-Z¿i\w kwL-Sn-∏n-®p. ]Xn-\©v vfIvkv

t_m¿Up-I-fn¬ NnX-ß-tfm-Sp-IqSn Hcp-°nb

]Z¿i-\-Øn¬ hnhn[ aX-K-Ÿ-ß-fn¬ \n∂p

≈ At\Iw D≤-c-Wn-Iƒ FSpØv tN¿Øn-

´p-≠v. InkvXym-\n-Iƒ kvt\l-k-º-∂-cm-sW

∂ hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ hN-\-ßfpw ioIr-jvW-

s\-°p-dn-®p≈ \_n-h-N-\-ßfpw P\-i≤-bm-

I¿jn-®p. temI-Øp≈ F√m aX-ÿm-]-I-

cmb ssZh-Øns‚ ktµihml-I-cmb kXym-

flm-°-fm-sW∂v ]Z¿i-\-Øn¬ hy‡-am-

°p∂-p≠v. Hcp aX-sØbpw \nµn-°m≥ ]mSn-

s√∂pw ssZhsØbpw aX-ÿm-]-Itcbpw

\nµn-°-p∂h¿°v bmsXmcp uXnI in£bpw

\evIm≥ hnip-≤-Jp¿-B≥ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂n-√.

IqSp-X¬ ÿe-ß-fn¬ ]Z¿i-\-ßfpw aX-

ssaXn ktΩ-f-\-ßfpw kwL-Sn-∏n-®psIm≠v

aX-ku-lm¿Z-Øn-\mbn ian-°p-I-bm-Wv

]Z¿i-\Øn-s‚ e£y-sa∂v aPvenkv Jp±m-

ap¬ AlvaZnøm kuØv CemJm JmCZv C.-

F-®v. \Po_v kmln_v ]d-™p._n.-F.apl-ΩZv\Po_v,

it≤-b-amb am\h ssaXn ]Z¿i\w

]pkvX-I-tafkmK¿: I¿Wm-SI aPvenkv Jp±m-ap¬ Alva

Znøm kuØv tkm¨ 13 Znhkw \o≠p \n∂

]pkvX-I-taf kwL-Sn-∏n-®-p. I¿Æm-S-I-bnse

kmK¿ ] -W-Øn¬ aq∂v h¿j-Øn-sem-cn-°¬

sIm≠m-Sm-dp≈ lnµp-aX [¿Ω BtLm-j-

amb amcn-Ip`taf-tbm-S-\p-_-‘n-®mWv ]pkvX-

I-taf \S-∂-Xv. GItZiw 200 kvIzb¿^o‰v

ÿeØv Gtgmfw `mj-I-fn-ep≈ ]pkvXI

tiJ-c-hpw, ]e mj-I-fn-em-bp≈ hnip≤ Jp¿-

B≥ ]cn- mjIfpw ]Z¿in-∏n-®n-cp∂p. MTA

]Z¿i-\hpw, -_m-\-dp-Ifpw IqSp-X¬ BI¿j-

I-am-°n. P\-e-£-߃ ]s¶-SpØ amcn-

Ipw`taf-°n-S-bnse XnI®pw thdn´ Hcp ImgvN-

bm-bn-cp-∂-Xn\m¬ hfsc IqSp-X¬ Bfp-Isf

CXn-te°v BI¿jn-®p.

Ipw -ta-f-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p-∂-h-cmcpw ]pkvX-I-

ta-f-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°-cp-sX∂v A\lvaZn ]≈n-

I-fn¬ \n∂p≈ Adn-bn∏v hI sh°msX

\nch[n t]cmWv _p°vÃmfn¬ FØnbXv-.

Icp-fmbn : aPvenkv Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZnø a[y-

ta-J-e-bpsS B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ AXv m-ep-Iƒ

°mbn Hcm-gv®sØ X¿_n-øØv Iymºv Icp-

fm-bn-bn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n-®p. G]n¬ 15 \v ae-

∏pdw taJem Aao¿ ]n. apl-Ω-Zen kmln_v

DZvLm-S\w \n¿∆-ln-®p. a[y-ta-Je JmCZv Sn.-

sI. apivXmJv AlvaZv kmln-_v A≤y-£-

\mbn. Icp -fmbn sshkv]-kn-U≠v H. -

sI.kpsse-am≥ kmln-_v, A≥km-dp-√mlv

Pn√m \mknw, kn.-F-®v.kn≤oJv kmln_v

taJem ap_-√nKv ]n.A_vZp-∂m-kn¿ kmln

_v F∂n-h¿ Biw-k-Iƒ t\¿∂p.

XPvhoZv ¢mkp-Iƒ, NcnXw, ssh⁄m-\nI

¢mkp-Iƒ, Zo\o a’-c-߃, ImbnI a’-c -

߃ F∂n-h kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. tIc-f-Øn

se ]ikvX aPn-jy≥ B¿.-sI. ae-b-Øns‚

a\-hn-Imk hnkva-b-]-`m-j-Whpw amPnIv

AXv m-ep¬ AlvaZnøm X¿_n-øØv Iymºv

]Z¿i-\hpw Ip´n-Iƒ°v hyXy-kvXm-\p- -h-am-

bn. ]IrXn ]T\w e£y-am°n _m_p k°-

dn-ø-bpsS hn⁄m-\-¢mkpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

F√m Znh-khpw ImbnI ]cn-io-e-\-Øn-\p≈

kuI-cyhpw, ssh⁄m-\nI Znim-t_m[w \ev

Ip-∂-Xn-\mbn sshIp-t∂-c-ß-fn¬ tUmIyp-

sa‚dn ¢mkp-Ifpw kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p.

\ne-ºq¿ tX°p-Iƒ°v ]i-kvX-amb s\Sp-

¶bw h\-ta-J-e-bn-te°v D√m-k-bmX \SØn.

Xl-÷pZv \a-kvIm-c-tØm-sS-bmWv Iymºv

F√m Znh-khpw Bcw- n-®n-cp-∂-Xv. kam-]\

tbmK-Øn¬ \mC_v kZ¿ aPvenkv Jp±m-ap¬

AlvaZnø `mcXv kn. iaow kmln_v A≤y-

£X hln-®p. ]me-°mSv taJem Aao¿ Fw.

sI. A_vZp¬ Icow kmln_v apJy-]-`m-

jWw \S-Øn. a’c ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fn¬ hnP-bn-

I-fm-b-h¿°v ]me-°mSv taJem Aao¿

kΩm\w hnX-cWw sNbvXp. ae-∏p-dw, ]me-

°mSv taJ-e-I-fnse aPven-kp-I-fn¬ \n∂pw

amtØm´w aPven-kp-I-fn¬ \n∂p-ambn 123

AXv m-epIƒ Iymºn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øp.-

\mC_v kZv¿ kn.-iaow kmln_v B‘-bnse tIm -∏≈naPvenkn¬. tKmZm-hcn taJem Aao¿ aue-hn.-]n.-Fw. apl-ΩZv djoZv kmln-_v, tIm -∏≈n PamAØv kZ¿ kmln-_v, k¿°nƒ C≥Nm¿Pvamcmb au. tiJv a∂m≥ kmln-_v, au. sI. dnbmkv AlvaZv kmln-_v, taJem JmCZvalv_q_v kmln_v F∂n-h¿ kao-]w

k

Page 21: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

aq∂mw Jeo^ l vdØv an¿km \mkn¿ AlvaZv F®v.F; Fw.-F(-Hm-Ivk¨) c≠mw Jeo-^-bp-sS- aq-Ø-]p-X\pw hmKvZØako-lns‚ ]uX\pwB .

1909 \hw-_¿ 15 \p P\n-®p.

]Xn-aq∂mw hb-n¬Jp¿-B≥ a\x-]m-T-am-°n. 1929¬ ]©m_vbqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-bn¬ \n∂v auehn ^mkn¬ (F-®v.-F) ]co£]mm-bn. 1934 ¬ emtlm¿ Kh: tImtf-Pn¬ \n∂pw _n.FHmtW¿kv _ncpZw FSp-Øp. As°m√w Xs∂ hnhm-lhpw\S-∂p.1938 HmIvkvt^m¿Un¬ \n∂v Fw.F_ncpZwIc-ÿ-am-°n.

1939 apX¬ 1944 hsc- Pm-anA AlvaZn-ø-bp-sS bpw 1944apX¬ 65 hsc XA-eo-ap¬ Ckvemw tImtf-Pn-s‚bpw]n≥kn-∏mƒ Bbn-cp-∂p.1939 ¬ BtKmf Jp±m-ap¬AlvaZn-øm-bpsS ]kn-U-≠m-bn. 1954¬ aPvenkvA≥km-dp-√m-bpsS ]kn-U≠B ysØAlvaZnøm hncp≤ ]t£m-`-Im-eØv (1953)AdÃv sNø-s∏-´p.1955¬ kZ¿ A©p-a≥ AlvaZn-øm-bpsS ]kn-U‚m-bn.

1965 \hw-_-dn¬ ]nXm-hns‚ Nc-asØ XpS¿∂v Jeo-^-bmbn sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p. ]Xn-\m-dc sIm√-°mewJeo-^-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

kvs]bn-\n¬ v Ct±-l-Øns‚ Ime-Øm-Wv. ]e- X-hWtemI-]-cy-S\w \S-Øn-bn-´p≈ At±-l-Øns‚ ImeØv AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øn¬ At\Iw hnI-k\]≤-Xn-Iƒ \S-∏m-°n-bn-´p-≠v. U≥am¿°nse tIm∏≥tlK≥, kzoU-\nse tKm´≥_¿Kv F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ ]≈n-Iƒ \n¿Ωn-®Xv

-Ø Ime-Øm-Wv.

eo]v t^ ¿thUv ]≤-Xn, \pkØv Plm≥ ^≠v, ^kse Da¿ ^ut -j≥F∂nh Bcw-`n-® . AlvaZnøm iX-hm¿jn-Im-tLmj ]≤-Xnbv°v cq]w\¬In-bXpw At±-l-am-bn-cp-∂p.hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ \qdp-`m-j-I-fn¬ X¿÷asNbvXp ]kn-≤-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\p≈ hºn® ]≤-Xnbv°v mWv ASn-

ÿm-\-an-´-Xv. hmKvZØ ako-lns‚ dqlm\o Jkm-bn≥ F∂t]cn¬A®-Sn-®XpwAt±lw Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

]m°n-ÿm-\n¬ AlvaZn-Iƒ Aapkvenw Bbn ]Jym-]n-°-s∏-´-t∏mƒ ]m°v\mj-\¬Akw-ªn-bn¬At±lw hnNm-cW sNø-s∏-´n-cp-∂p.

1982 Pq¨ 8 \p 73˛mw hb-n¬ \ncym-X-\m-bn.

Z

hmKvZØ Wv

¬

v

mbn- \n-ban-°s∏-´p.Z

\n¿Ωn-®Xv

aq∂mw Jnem-^ v

m ≠p

d

KŸ-߃ ‘ ’

akvPn-Z

lpkq

A¬-lJv 21

lZvdØv lm^nkvan¿km \mkn¿ AlvaZv (-dl)vJeo-^Øp¬- ako-lv aq∂m-a≥ 1909-1982

`qt´ bpwm ss^kepw

1974˛¬ ]m°v \mj-W¬ Akwªn AlvaZn-IsfAapkvenw \yq\-]-£-ambn ]Jym-]n-®p. ][m\a¥n `qt´m ]d-™Xv Rm≥ 90sIm√w ]g-°-ap≈ JmZn-bm\n]iv\w 90 Znh-kw-sIm≠v ]cn-l-cn-®p-sh-∂m-Wv. C°m-cy-

Øn¬ `qt´m -bpsS jqkp -Iƒ Xß-fpsSX m S n - t c m - a w -sIm≠v t]mfnjv sNøm-sa∂v ap√m-°m≥]d-™n-´p -≠m-bn-cp-∂p.dm_n-Ø-bpsSHØm -i - b n¬ss^k-e ns\Jeo-^-B-°m-\p≈ X -∏m-Sn-

em-bn-cp∂p X¥-߃ sa\-™-Xv. ]t£`qt´msb Igp-a-c-Øn-te -‰ n - s°m -≠mWvA√mlp adp -]Sn\¬In-b-Xv. q´mfnss^k¬ shSn-bp-≠-Iƒ°n -c -bm -bn .as‰mcp kplrØvCuZn Aao≥ \nXyNne-hn-\p-t]mepw Kxn-bn-√msX Ae-™p-Xn-cn™v Zmcp-W-ambn ac-Wa-S™p. adp-`m-KØv `qt´m IpSpw_w Hs∂m-∂mbn D∑q-e\w sNø-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-c p-∂p.

X

I

2011 sabv

akvPnZv ap_m-dIv d_vh-aq∂pw \mepw, Jnem-^Øv sXc-s™-Sp∏v

ChnsS sh®m-bn-cp∂p

Page 22: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

hmKvZØ ako-lns‚ hmKvZØ ]pXs‚ aI\pw aq∂mw Jeo-^-bpsSktlm-Z-c-\p-am l vdØv an¿km Xzmln¿AlvaZv kmln-_v.

1928 Unkw-_¿ 18 \p P\n-®p.

1944 saSn-°p-te-j≥ ]mm-bn.1949 ¬ d_vhbnse Pman-A-bn¬tN¿∂p.1955 ¬ D∂X hnZym-`ym-km¿∞w bqtdm-∏n¬ t]mbn.1957 ¬ ]T\w ]q¿Øn-bm°n \m´n¬Xncn-s®-Øn. s]mfn-‰n-°¬kb≥kvBWv ]tXyI hnj-b-ambnFSp-Øn-cp-∂-Xv.

1953 ¬ imlnZv ]co£ ]mmbn.1958 ¬ hJv^v P-ZoZv ]≤-Xn-bpsS \mknw Bbn \n›-bn-°-s∏-´p.1966 ¬ Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZn-øm-bpsS ]kn-U‚mbn sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p.1974¬ ]m°v \mj-\¬ Akw-ªn-bnsehnNm-cW thf-bn¬ Jeo^ kmen-kns‚ klm-b-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p.1970 ¬^kvse Da¿ ^ut≠-js‚ Ub-d-IvS-dm-bn. 1979 ¬ aPvenkv A≥km-dp-√m-bpsS ]kn-U‚mbn Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p.

1982 Pq¨ 9˛mw \p BWv \memwJeo-^-bmbn sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´-Xv.

At±-lsØ AdÃv sNøm≥ knbmI¬]\ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®n-cp-∂p.At±-l-Øns‚ t]cn¬ If-hmbn sIme-t]-cW°p‰w knbm Btcm-]n-°-bp-≠m-bn.F∂m¬ sIm√-s∏´ auehn Cdm-\n¬ \n∂v Xncn®p h∂p.1984 AlvaZn-Iƒs°-Xn-cmb 20˛mw Hm¿Un-\≥kvknbm ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®

knbm-bpsS \mi-sØ-∏‰n l vdØv an¿kmXzmln¿ AlvaZv sNbvX ]h-N\w A¤p-X-I-c-ambn ]pe ¿∂p.hnam\w s]m´n-sØ-dn®p knbmNmcw amX-am-bn.

AlvaZnøm iX-hm¿jn-Im-tLm-j-߃ \memwJeo-^-bpsS Ime-ØmWv \S-∂-Xv.e£-°-W-°n\v Bfp-I-fpsS Iq´ss_A-Øp-Iƒ CImeØv \S-∂p.

1992 apkvenw sSen-hn-j≥ Bcw-`n-®- . bqtdm-∏n¬ AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øns‚]h¿Ø\wi‡n-s∏-´p.

2003 G]n¬ 19 \v 75˛mw hb-n¬ At±lw h^m-Øm-bn.

Wv Z

¬p.

Zv

u

¬ AlvaZnømp-

lZvdØv an¿kmXzmln¿ AlvaZv kmln-_v (-dl)v

Jeo-^Øp¬- ako-lv m-a≥\me 1928-2003

A¬-lJv2011 sabv 22

1984 ¬ ]m°v ]´mf ta[mhnP\. knbm-D¬l-Jn-\m-bn-cp∂p AlvaZnøm hncp-Z-[-]-\¿Ø-\-߃°m-bp≈ Zptcym-K-ap-≠m-b-Xv. Ip]-kn-≤amb20˛mw ¿Un-\≥kn-eqsSAlvaZn-I-fpsS PohnXwZpl-am-°n- am-‰nb knb]d-™-Xv, JmZn-bm\nkam--Ip∂ Iym≥k-dns\ D∑q-

e\w sNø-pw htcbpw hnviaans ∂mbn-cp∂p .]s AlvaZnøm Jeo^sXmSp-Øp-hn´ ap_ml-e-bpsS ZnhymkvXw, dntam´vI¨tSmƒ Cc´ F©n≥hnam-\-Øn¬ bmXbn-em-bncp∂- knbm-tbbpw kn¬_-¥n-I-tfbpw BIm-i-Øns‚ A\-¥-X-I-fn¬ `kvao-I-cn -°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv.NpSp -Im -´n¬ hnX-d -s∏´`uXnIico-c-Øn¬ \n∂vkpc-£n-X-am-bXv IrXn-a-∏√v amXw! ssZhnIin£bpsS N°n¬ Ac-°-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ \-nß-fpsS kvamc-I-ine t]mepw Ah-ti-jn-°n-s√∂v ]d™ AlvaZnømJeo^-bpsS hm°p-IƒA£cw ]Xn ]pe¿∂p.

Hm

√£

P\. knbmI-Ønb-a¿∂p

Page 23: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

\in-∏n-°m-sa-∂Xv hymtamlw amXw!

2009 sabv 28 \v emtlm-dnse c≠v akvPn-Zp-I-fn¬BI-an-Iƒ \S-Ønbkvt^mS-\-Øn¬ t]¿ilo-Zm-hp-I-bp-≠m-bn. C∂m-en-√mln hC-∂m-C-ebvln dmPn-Du≥. FXn¿∏p-Isf kam-[m-\-]-c-ambnamXw t\cn-´n-´p≈ AlvaZn-Iƒ kl-\hpw ]m¿Y-\-bp-ambn ssZh khn-[-Øn¬ Ipºn-Sp-I-bmWv Cukµ¿`-Ønepw sNbvX-Xv.Ct¥m-t\-jy-bn¬ AXn-Zm-cp-W-ambn GXm\pw t]sc ilo-Zm-°n. _w•m-tZ-inepw AI-a-߃ Ac-tß-dp-∂p. t C_ -loao ssNX-\y-ap-≈, nemeo ssÿcy-Øns‚ amXr-I - p-ambn AlvaZn-øØv Zn -¥-߃ t`Zn®v C∂v 198 cmjvS-ß-fn¬ thcq-∂n-I-gn-™n-cn-°p-∂p.

Hm¿°p-I,

(l. Jeo-^-Øp¬ akolv dm_n-Av ( )

\nc-h[n

] £ vdm _ IfK

dlv)

AlvaZn-ø-Øns\ \in-∏n-°m≥ t]m∂ Hcp-Ø-t\bpw Hcp DΩbpw CtX-hsc ]k-hn-®n-´n√. C\n ]k-hn-°p--I-bp-an-√. \in∏n°m Nn¥ GsX-¶nepw at\m-ap-I -c-Øn-ep-s≠-

¶n¬AXn\v Hcp `m¥s‚P¬]-\-tØ-°mƒhenb ]k-‡n-sbm-∂p-an-√.

sa∂ p

1950 sk]vXw-_¿ 15 \v lZvdØv an¿km akvdq¿ AlvaZv]m°n-ÿm-\nse d_vhbn¬ P\n-®- hmKvZØ ako-lns‚

]pX≥ lZvdØv an¿km ico^v AlvaZv kmln-_ns‚ aI≥lZvdØv an¿km a≥kq¿AlvaZv kmln-_mWv ]nXmhv.

d_vhbnse XAveoap¬ Ckvemw sslkv°q-fnepw X veoap¬ Ckvemw tImtf-Pn-ep-amWv hnZym-`ym-kw.1976 ¬ ss^k-em-_m-Znse AKn-°ƒ®-d¬ bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-bn¬ \n∂v AKn-°ƒ®-d¬ IvtWm-an-Ivkn¬UnKn-sb-Sp-Øp.

17˛mw hb-n¬ A¬h-kn-øØv ]≤-Xn-bn¬ tN¿∂v aqkn-bm-bn.27˛mw hb-n¬ PohnXw CkvemanI tkh-\-Øn\pka¿∏n-®p. \pkvdØv Plm≥ ]≤-Xn°p Iogn¬ Lm\-bn-te°v t]mbn.Lm\-bnse kem-K-bn¬ ÿm]n® AlvaZnøm

sk°-≠dn kv°qfns‚ ÿm]I ]n≥kn-∏m-fmbn 2 h¿jw tkh\w sNbvXp.Fm¿ssK-dn¬ ÿm]n® c≠m-asØ kv°qfn¬ 4 h¿jw ]h¿Øn-®p.AlvaZnømAKn-°ƒ®-d¬ ^mw Zo]m-en-bn¬ amt\-P-dmbn \nb-an-X-\m-bn.Cu Ah-k-c-Øn-emWvLm\-bn¬BZy-ambn tKmX-ºp¬]m-Z\w hnP-b-I-c-ambn \S-∏n-em-°n-b-Xv.

Jp±m-ap¬ AlvaZn-øm-bpsS hnhn[ `mc-hm-ln-bmbn tkh\w s bvXn-´p-≠v.1944 apX¬1997 hsc \mkn¿^ut≠-j≥ sNb¿am-\m-bn-cp-∂p.1997 ¬ \memw Jeo^ At±-lsØ \mkn¿ ve mbn \nb-an-®p.

2003 G]n¬ 22 \p cmXn 11.40 \p e≠-\n¬ sh®v A©mwJeo-^-bmbn Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p.

]›na bqtdm-∏nse G‰hpw henb akvPn-Zmbss_Øp¬^pXplv A©mw Jeo^Bcm-[-\-°mbnXpd∂p sImSp-Øp.

kmln-_v p.

Av

C

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AAb

`m W¬ -\[

2005˛¬ JmZn-bm≥ kµ¿in-®p.2008˛¬ Jnem-^Øv iX-hm¿jnI ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒe≠-\n¬ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp.

t-\m-Sp_n´≥]m¿e-sa‚ v lpkq-dn _lp-am\m¿Yw kwL-Sn-∏n® hncp-∂n¬ ]s¶-SpØv

Ckvemans‚ ktµ-i-ßsfIpdn®v ] j w \S-Øn.temI-Ønse \nc-h[n cmjvS-ß-fn¬ ]cy-S\w \S-Ønb lpkq¿ 2008 Pq_n-en-tbm-S-\p_ v n-®v tIc-f-hpw kµ¿in®n-cp-∂p.

lZvdØv an¿kmakvdq¿ AlvaZv -(AøZlp-√mlv )

Jeo-^Øp¬- ako-lv -a≥A©m

A¬-lJv 23 2011 sabv

A©mw Jnem-^Øv sXc-s™-Sp∏v\S∂ akvPnZv ^Zv e≠≥¬

Page 24: AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øns‚ kp`{ZX°v th≠n XymK-߃°v Xøm-dm-Ip-hn≥ · v v I

aqe-I-߃

\mUn-Iƒ

aq°v

Xz°v

Dd°whnb¿∏v

• •

a\pjy ico-c-Øn¬ D≈ aqe-I-߃ :˛ Im¿_¨, sslU-P≥, ss\S-P≥, HmIvkn-P≥IqSmsX :˛ Im¬kyw, Ccp-ºv, t^mkv^-d-kv, s]m´m-kyw, tkmUnbw F∂n-hbpw D≠v.ico-c-Øn-ep≈G‰hpwkm[m-c-W-amb X∑mX ( ) bmWv Pew. (65% Pe-am-Wv)

]mb-]q¿Øn-bmb ]pcp-jys‚ ico-c-Øn¬ 5 en‰-tdmfw c‡-ap-≠v. kvXo ico-c-Øn¬ 4.3 en‰¿.c‡°pg-ep-I-fn-eqsS 1 e£w In.-ao. c‡w k©-cn-°p-∂p.(-A-Xm-bXv `qa-≤y-tc-J-bn-eqsS 2.5 ]mhiyw Np‰nhcp∂ Zqcw) Nph∂ c‡m-Wp-°ƒ :˛ 25000 tImSn apX¬ 30000 tImSn hsc FÆw. 120 Znhkw hscbmWvCXns‚ Bbpkv. 1 tImSn 20 e£w apX¬ 2 tImSn c‡m-Wp-Iƒ Hmtcm sk°‚nepw D≠m-hp-∂p. Hcm-bpn¬0.5 S¨ c‡m-Wp-Iƒ D≠m-h-Ww. Hmtcm sk°‚nepw 2 ˛ 3 aney¨ c‡m-Wp-Iƒ Pohn-°p-Ibpw acn-°p-IbpwsNøp-∂p.

ico-c-Øn¬ BsI tImi-߃ 50 Sney¨. 3 _ney≥ (A-Xm-bXv 4 e£Øn 32 Bbn-cw-tIm-Sn) Hmtcm an\n-‰nepw arXn-b-S-bp-∂p. Ch-bn¬ an°-Xn-\p -]-Icw ]pXn-bh D≠m-Ip-∂p.Hcp Znhkw 10 _ney¨ tizXc‡m-Wp-°ƒ cq]w sIm≈p-∂p.

a\pjy ico-c-Øn¬ 900 s]≥kn-ep-Iƒ D≠m-°m-\p-≈-Xbpw Im¿_¨,75 sagpIvXncn-Iƒ°v th≠ sImgp∏v, 220 Xos∏´n IqSp-I-fpsS t^mkv^-dkv,7.5 sk. ao‰¿ \of-ap≈BWn°v th≠Ccpºv F∂nh D≠v.

2 en‰¿ ssltUm-t¢m-dnIv BknUv 1 Znhkw hb-‰n¬ D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. teml-ß-sf-t∏mepw Aen-bn-°m≥ Ign-hp≈ Zl-\-c-k-Øn¬ \n∂v DZ-c-`n-Øn-Iƒkw-c-£n-°p-

∂Xv Hmtcm an\n-‰nepw P\n®p acn-°p∂ 5 e£w tImi-ß-fm-Wv. 5 ao‰¿ \of-ap≈ sNdp-Ip-S-emWv Zl-t\-µn-b-Ønse \of-ta-dnb `mKw. I\-Iq-Sp-X-ep≈h≥Ip-S-ens‚ \ofw H∂c ao‰¿.

1 Znhkw 13,640 en‰¿ c‡w]ºp sNøp-∂p.Hcp anSn-∏n¬ 99 c‡w]ºp sNøp-∂p. Hcp Znhkw icm-icn 70F∂v IW-°m-°n-bm¬ 1 Znhkw 1 e£-Øn¬A[nIw Xh-W-an-Sn-°p-∂p.

130 e£w tImSn \mUn-tIm-i-߃ ico-c-Øn-ep-≠v. AXn-eqsS aWn-°q-dn¬ 290 In.ao thK-X-bn¬ ktµ- -߃k©-cn-°p-∂p.

km[m-cWXpΩ-ens‚ thKX aWn-°q-dn¬ 160 In.aoB v.F∂n´pw aq°v sXdn-°p-∂n√!

1.3 ˛ 1.7 kvIzb¿ ]tZiw s]mXn-™n-cn-°p∂Xz°n\v 4 In.Kmw `mcw D≠v.an\n-‰n¬ 50,000kq£va Xz°v]mfn-Iƒ AS¿∂p hogp-∂p. 1 Pohn-X-Im-eØv 18 IntemKmw Xz°v s]mgn-bp-∂p.hoSn-\p-≈nse s]mSn-bpsS 80% a\p-jy-cpsS sXmen-bnse arX-tIm-i-ß-fm-Wv.

7.5 aWn-°q¿ Dd-ßp∂Bƒ, 60% eLp\nZ 18% KmV-\n-Z 20%kz]v\ w ImWp∂p.

1 Znhkw 0.5 en‰¿ Pew tkzZ-K-Ÿn-I-fn-eqsS \jvS-am-Ip-∂p. DjvWm-h-ÿ-bn¬ 13.5 en‰¿ \jvS-am-Ip-∂p.

ico-c-Øns‚ 18% `mcwAÿnIqS-amWv 70 Intem Xq°-ap≈ Hcm-fpsSAÿn-IqSw 14 Intem `mcwD≠m-Ipw. G‰hpw sNdnbAÿn ˛ sÃ∏nkv (sN-hn), hepXv XpS-sb-√v.

Molecule

CC

c‡w :˛

tImi-߃

cmk ]Zm¿∞-߃

Zl-t\-µnb hyhÿ

lrZ-b-an-Sn∏v

i

-W•

`mcw

w

bnepw bnepw hp

ChairmanManagement & Editorial Board : C.ZameemPrinter & Publisher : T.K.Mushtaq AhmadManager : Shafeeq Ahmad KarulaiCirculation Manager : K.Mubarak Ahmad

Chief Editor : H.ShamsuddinEditor : Shareef KarulaiMembers : B.M.Shoukath Ali

Shareef AhmadK.Noorudheen

Not for sale - circulation among members only

Views expressed in this publication are not necessarilythe belief of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community

Printed & Published by T.K.Mushtaq Ahmad , for Majlis Khuddamul Ahmadiyya Kerala at Prameela Press,Calicut

AL HAQVOL: 19, ISSUE:3

May 2011

imkvX \nco-£Ww

a\p-jy-i-cocw

\n߃°p-≈n¬ Xs∂bpw Hcp-]mSv ZrjvSm-¥-ß-fp-≠v. F¥v \n߃ I≠p a\-kn-em- p-∂nt√? (51:22) \mw a\p-jys\ G‰hpw A\p-tbm-Py-amb ÿnXn-bn¬krjvSn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. (96:6)

hn. Jp¿-B≥°

izmtkm-—mkw• a\p-jy≥ km[m-cW 1 an\n-‰n¬ 6 en‰¿ hmbp izkn-°p-∂p. Hcp Znhkw ˛ 8640 en‰¿!A\-ßmsX Ccn-°p-tºmƒan\n-‰n¬ 13 ˛ 17 izkn-°p∂p,hymbmaw sNøp-tºmƒ ˛ 80Xh-W.

1 an\n-‰n¬ icm-icn izmtkm-—mkw IW-°m-°n-bm¬ HcpZnhkw 28,800 ]mhiywizmtkm-—m-kw sNøp-∂p.

IÆp-Iƒ• 1 Znhkw 20,000 XhWIÆp NnΩp∂p

hmbv• 1Bbp-jvIm-eØv 37,800 en‰¿ Dan-\o¿ D≠m-Ip-∂p.

`mcwXz°v˛10.89 In.Kmw,Icƒ˛1.56 In.Kmw,akvXnjvIw˛kvXo˛ 1.26 In.Kmw

]pcp-j≥ ˛ 1.40 In.Kmw,

izmk-tImiw˛ ˛580Kmw,˛ 510 Kmw

lrZbw˛]pcp-j≥˛ 315 KmwkvXo ˛ 262 Kmw

hr° ˛ ˛ 150 Kmw˛ 140 Kmw

]m≥ I n -b m -k nk v ˛ 9 8 K m w ,ssXtdm-bnUv˛35 Kmw

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