Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿...

of 27 /27
1 BapJw Ip´n-I-fpsS k¿K-]-c-amb hmk-\-Isf ]cn-t]m-jn-∏n-°m≥ ¢mkvdqw {]h¿Ø- \- ߃ GsXms° coXn - bn¬ {]tbm- P- \- s∏- Sp- Øm- sa∂ N¿®- Iƒ°v Gsd {]k- ‡n- bp≈ Ime- L- ´- am- Wn- Xv. Ip™p- a- \-  nse kmln- Xy- k¿Km- flI hmk- \- Isf ]pd- Øp- sIm- ≠p- h- cp- - Xnepw cq]- s∏- Sp- Øp- - Xnepw hnZym- cwKw Iem- km- ln- Xy-th-Zn-bpsS {]m[m\yw hfsc hep-Xm-Wv. F√m Ip´n-I-tfbpw A[ym-]-I-tcbpw Dƒt®¿Øp-sIm≠v hnZym-cwKw Iem-km-ln-Xy-thZn {]h¿Ø-\-߃ Cu A[y- b-\-h¿jw apX¬ thdn´ CS-s]-S-ep-I-fmWv \S-Øp-∂-Xv. Ip™n-°-hn-X-Ifpw Ip´n-°-Y-Ifpw Cfw-a-\- p-Isf a[p-c-X-c-amb Nn¥-I- fn-te°pw {]Ir-Xn-ku-lr-Z-]-c-amb {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-te°pw \bn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. CXn\p th≠n-bp≈ Nne {Inbm-flI {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fmWv hnZym-cwKw Iem- km-ln-Xy-thZn F¬.-]n. hn`m-K-Øn-te°v Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. _lp-apJ _p≤n- bpsS Xe- ߃ D]- tbm- K- s∏- SpØn {]mtZ- in- I- amb hg- °- tØmsS Cu am¿K- tcJ D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ {]tXyIw {i≤n-°-Ww.

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿...

Page 1: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

1

BapJw

Ip´n-I-fpsS k¿K-]-c-amb hmk-\-Isf ]cn-t]m-jn-∏n-°m≥ ¢mkvdqw

]h¿Ø-\-߃ GsXms° coXn-bn¬ ]tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-Øm-sa∂ N¿®-Iƒ°v Gsd

]k-‡n-bp≈ Ime-L- -am-Wn-Xv. Ip™p-a-\- nse kmln-Xy-k¿Km-flI hmk-\-

Isf ]pd-Øp-sIm-≠p-h-cp-∂-Xnepw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xnepw hnZym-cwKw Iem-km-ln-

Xy-th-Zn-bpsS ]m[m\yw hfsc hep-Xm-Wv. F√m Ip´n-I-tfbpw A[ym-]-I-tcbpw

Dƒt®¿Øp-sIm≠v hnZym-cwKw Iem-km-ln-Xy-thZn ]h¿Ø-\-߃ Cu A[y-

b-\-h¿jw apX¬ thdn´ CS-s]-S-ep-I-fmWv \S-Øp-∂-Xv.

Ip™n-°-hn-X-Ifpw Ip´n-°-Y-Ifpw Cfw-a-\- p-Isf a[p-c-X-c-amb Nn¥-I-

fn-te°pw ]Ir-Xn-ku-lr-Z-]-c-amb ]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-te°pw \bn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.

CXn\p th≠n-bp≈ Nne Inbm-flI ]h¿Ø-\-ß-fmWv hnZym-cwKw Iem-

km-ln-Xy-thZn F¬.-]n. hn`m-K-Øn-te°v Nn -s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. _lp-apJ

_p≤n-bpsS Xe-߃ D]-tbm-K-s∏-SpØn ]mtZ-in-I-amb hg-°-tØmsS Cu am¿K-

tcJ D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ ]tXyIw i≤n-°-Ww.

Page 2: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

2

Dt±-iy-߃

ss]adn ¢m p-I-fnse Ip´n-I-fpsS Iem-km-ln-Xy-hmk-\-Iƒ hf¿Øp-I.

I≠pw tI´pw hmbn®pw Adn™ Imcy-߃ k¿Km-flI cN-\bv°v D]-tbm-K-

s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn¬ anIhv t\Sp-I.

s]mXp-k-aq-l-Øns‚ ]¶m-fnØw Dd-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-eqsS kmwkvIm-cn-I-amb ]¶p-

sh-bv°-en\v kvIqfns\ thZn-bm-°p-I.

hnIm-k-ta-J-e-Isf ]cn-K-Wn-®p≈Xpw ]Tn-Xm-hns‚ ]Ir-X-Øn\v tbmPn-®-Xp-

amb ]h¿Ø-\-߃ kw-L-Sn-∏n-°p-I.

Ip´n-I-fpsS Bkzm-Z\ \ne-hmcw Db¿Øp-I, Iem-kmw-kvIm-cnI ]h¿Ø-\-߃

hgn aqey-ßfpw at\m- m-h-ßfpw hf¿Øp-∂-Xn\v A[ym-]-I-cpsS Ign-hn\v IcpØp

]I-cp-I.

hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-߃

F¬.-]n.-Xe hnZym-cwKw kmln-tXym-’-h-Øn\v NphsS ]d-bp∂ hnebn-cp-ج

kqN-I-߃ D]-tbm-Kn-°mw.

Ip´n-I-fpsS ]¶m-fn-Ø-tØmsS kqN-I-߃ hnI-kn®p hcp-Øp-∂-XmWv DNn-Xw.

Ip´n-Iƒ°v a\- n-em-Ipw-hn[w am\-Z-WvU-߃ hni-Zo-I-cn-°-Ww. ]n∂oSv cN-\-

Iƒ \S-Øp-tºmƒ kzbw hne-bn-cp-ج kqN-I-ß-fmbn Ch D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-

Øp-hm≥ inev]-im-e-Iƒ t]c-W-bm-h-Ww.

IhnX

hnj-b-hp-am-bp≈ _‘w (Ip´n \n›-bn® hnj-bw)

√ DNn-X-amb `mj

√ kw£n-]vXX

√ Xmfmfl-IX

IY

√ \√ XpS-°w, HSp°w

√ Bi-b-߃ XΩn-ep≈ _‘w

√ Xe-s°- ns‚ HuNnXyw

Page 3: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

3

NnXw

√ hnj-b-hp-am-bp≈ _‘w

√ BI¿j-IXzw

√ X\na

√ \nd-߃ XΩn-ep≈ tN¿®

F¬.-]n. hn`mKw inev]-ime

\n¿t±-i-߃

F¬.-]n. hn`m-K-Ønse ]h¿Ø-\-߃ ¢mkvX-ew, kvIqƒX-ew, D]-Pn-

√m-Xew F∂o ap∂v Xe-ß-fn-em-bn- mWv \S-tØ-≠-Xv. H∂mw ¢m n\v ¢mkvX-

e-Ønepw kvIqƒ Xe-Ønepw amX-amWv ]h¿Ø-\-߃ \S-tØ-≠-Xv. c≠v,

aq∂v, \mev ¢mkp-Iƒ°v ¢mkvX-e-Ønepw kvIqƒ Xe-Ønepw D]-Pn-√m-X-e-

Ønepw ]h¿Ø-\-߃ Iao-I-cn-°-Ww. F¬.-]n.-hn- mKw inev]-im-e-Iƒ D]-Pn-

√m-X-e-tØmsS kam-]n-°pw.

H∂mw-¢mkv : taJ-e-Iƒ

hmbvØm-cn-Iƒ

Ip™n-°-hnX

ISw-IY

NnX-c-N\

2,3,4 ¢m p-Iƒ°v

(1) IY (2) IhnX (3) NnX-c-N\ (4) \mS≥]m´v ˛ hmbvØm-cn-Iƒ

kwLm-S\w ¢m vXe, kvIqƒXe inev]-imem ]h¿Ø-\-߃°mbn kwLm-

S-I-k-anXn tbmK-߃ tN¿∂n-cn-°-Ww.

¢mkv ]n.-Sn.-F. Fkv.-Fw.-kn. / ]n.-Sn.-F., Fw.-]n.-Sn.-F, Fkv. B¿.-Pn. hmb-

\-ime mc-hm-ln-Iƒ, kmwkvIm-cnI kwL-S\m mc-hm-ln-I-Iƒ, hm¿Uv saº¿,

Iu¨kn-e¿ F∂n-h¿ Dƒs∏´ tbmK-߃ tNcm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.

¢mkvXe inev]-im-e-bpsS s]mXp DZvLm-S\w kvIqƒ Akw-ªn-bn¬ \S-

Ø-Ww. hm¿Uv saº¿ / Iu¨kn-e¿ F∂n-hcpw Fkv.-Fw.kn / ]n.-Sn.-F. A[y-

£\pw NS-ßn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°-Ww.

Page 4: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

4

kwLm-SI kan-Xn-tbm-K-Øn¬ ¢m vX-e, kvIqƒXe ]h¿Ø\ \S-Øn-∏ns‚

XobXn \n›-bn-°¬, kwLm-S\ Iao-I-c-W-߃ (D-ZvLm-S-\w, kam-]-\w) kwhn-

[m-\-ß-sfm-cp-°¬, ]Nm-c-Ww, kmº-ØnIw, tUm°p-sa-t‚-j≥ F∂nh kw_-‘n®

Xocp-am-\-߃ D≠m-I-Ww.

Hcp°w

Fkv.-B¿.-Pn., ¢mkv ]n.-Sn.-F. tbmK-Xo-cp-am-\-߃ A\p-k-cn®v kwL-Sn-∏n-

t°≠ Imcy-ß-fpsS Hcp-°-߃ \S-Ø-Ww. kvIqƒX-e-Øn¬ ]tXyI tbmKw

tNcWw.

kzmK-X-kwL cq]o-I-cWw kw_-‘n® Adn-bn∏v \¬I¬

kzmK-X-kw-L-cq-]o-I-cWw

XpS¿]-h¿Ø-\-߃

¢m vXe inev]-ime \S-°p-tºmƒ ¢m n¬ kmln-Xy-kw-_-‘-amb Imcy-

߃ tN¿Øv ¢m n-\p-Np‰pw Ae-¶mcw \S-Ø-Ww. Iem-km-lnXy kmwkvIm-cnI

\mb-I≥am-cpsS NnX-߃ D]-tbm-Kn-°mw. n∂ \ne-hm-c-°m¿°p-IqSn ]¶m-fnØw

D≠m-°p-hm≥ ]tXyIw i≤n-°-Ww. Ip´n-Iƒ hc® NnX-߃, ]pkvX-I-]-Z¿i\w,

amknI F∂nh D≠m-I-Ww. ]g-b-Ime Ifn-∏m- -߃ (]m-tZ-inI ]k-‡n-bp-≈Xv)

Hme-∏-¥v, a®nß / sh≈-bv°m-h-≠n-Iƒ, hf-s∏m-´p-Iƒ, πmhn-e, apØp-Iƒ,

Cu¿°n¬, sXtßme XpS-ßnb hkvXp-°ƒ Icp-X-Ww. NnX-c-N-\-bv°m-h-iy-amb

IS-em-kv, Itbm¨kv F∂nh e`y-am-°-Ww. ]Xn-∏p-Iƒ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ t]∏¿,

]i, \q¬ F∂nh D≠m-I-Ww.

1˛mw ¢m nse IS-¶-Ym-]-h¿Ø\w \S-Øp-∂-Xn-tebv°v IS-¶-Y-Iƒ tiJ-cn-

°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v ap≥Iq´n \n¿t±iw \¬In-bn-cn-°-Ww. / apXn¿∂-h-cn¬ \n∂pw

IS-¶-Y-Iƒ tiJ-cn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.

H∂mw ¢m nse Ip´n-Isf \mev Kq∏p-I-fmbn Xncn®v Hmtcm Kq∏n\pw Hmtcm

hnj-b-߃ \¬In-bn-cn-°-Ww.

hnj-b-߃

(1) arK-߃ / ]£n-Iƒ

(2) ]®-°-dn-Iƒ, ]q°ƒ, ]g-߃

Page 5: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

5

(3) BIm-iw, IS¬, taLw, ag, shbn¬

(4) D]-I-c-W-߃

Hmtcm Kq∏pw Ah-c-h¿°v In´nb hnj-b-߃ Bkv]-Z-am-°n-bp≈ IS-¶-Y-Iƒ

thWw tiJ-cn®p sIm≠p-h-cm≥

Hmtcm hn`m-K-Øn-tebpw ]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ anIhv ]I-Sn-∏n® Ip´n-Isf Is≠-

Øp-∂Xv ]c-kv]c hne-bn-cp-ج IqSn ]cn-K-Wn-®m-Wv. Hmtcm ¢m n¬\n∂pw

kvIqƒX-e-Øn-tebv°v ]s¶-Sp-t°≠ Ip´n-I-fpsS FÆw kw_-‘n®v Fkv.-B¿.Pn.

tbmK-Øn¬ ap≥Iq´n Xocp-am-\n-°-Ww.

¢m vXew

H∂mw-¢m v ˛ ¢m vXew amXw

taJ-e-Iƒ ˛ Ip™n-°-hn-X, Ip´n-°-Y, IS-¶-Y, \mS≥]m´v

Dev]-∂-߃ ˛ \mS≥]m´v ˛ IY, Ihn-X, NnXw, hmbvØmcn F∂nh tN¿Øv H‰-

∏-Xn∏v

¢m v ˛ 2, 3, 4

¢m vXe ]h¿Ø-\-߃

(1) IY (2) IhnX (3) NnX-c-N\ (4) \mS≥]m´v tiJ-cWw

Dev]-∂-߃

IY, IhnX, NnXw, \mS≥]m´v F∂n-hbv°v Hmtcm-∂n\pw ]tXyI ]Xn-∏p-Iƒ

thWw.

]h¿Ø-\-߃

Im v ˛ H∂v, c≠v cmhnse apX¬ D®-hsc DW¿Øp-]-h¿Ø\w

πmhn-e, Cu¿°nƒ, a®nß / sh≈bv° F∂nh D]-tbm-Kn®v Ifn-h≠n \n¿ΩmWw

(hy-‡n-K-Xw)

hmbvØmcn Ah-Xn-∏n-°¬

Getøm Getøm

Gebv Gebv Getøm

F∂psS h≠n Getøm

a®nß h≠n Getøm

\Ωfv Xo¿tØ Getøm

Page 6: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

6

\ΩpsS h≠n Getøm

hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww.

a®nß h≠n Getøm

hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm

πmhne h≠n Getøm

Id-ßp∂ h≠n Getøm

Cu¿°nen h≠n Getøm

X≈p∂ h≠n Getøm

XpS-ßnb hcn-Iƒ ]cn-K-Wn-°mw.

A\p-_‘w ˛ 1 ˛ D]-tbm-Kn°mw

IS-¶Y Ah-X-cWw (So-®¿)

¢m n¬ s]mXp-hm-bn´v

a®nß IqSmsX Ifn-h-≠n-\n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v D]-tbm-Kn-®Xpw Ip´n-Iƒ sIm≠p-

h-∂-Xp-amb a‰p hkvXp-°ƒ DØ-c-ß-fmbn hcp∂ IS-¶-Y-Iƒ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°mw.

Kq∏v ]h¿Ø\w

Ip´n-Iƒ tiJ-cn®v sIm≠p-h∂ IS-¶-Y-Iƒ Hmtcm Kq∏nepw FgpXn

FSp-°¬

]h¿Ø\w

IS-¶Y ]b‰v

tiJ-cn-®p-sIm-≠p-h∂ IS-¶Y Hmtcm-∂mbn Hmtcm Kq∏pw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥

So®¿ \n¿t±-in-°p-∂p. a‰p Kq∏p-Iƒ DØcw ]d-b-s´. A[ym-]nI kvtIm¿ tcJ-

s∏-Sp-Ø-Ww.

anI® Kq∏n\v A`n-\-µ\w tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. So®¿ Hcp Kq∏nse IS-¶-Ybv°v

ct≠m aqt∂m hcn-Iƒ IqSn Ah-X-cn-∏n®v kwkm-cn-°-Ww. Hmtcm Kq∏pw tiJ-

cn® IS-¶-Y-Iƒ A[ym-]n-I-bpsS CS-s]-S-en-eqsS ]Xn-∏m-°p-∂p. IS-¶-Ym-]-Xn∏v

¢m v Xe-Øn-ep-≠m-I-Ww.

Page 7: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

7

]h¿Ø\w ˛ IhnX

Ip -∏m´v ˛kw-L-]-h¿Ø\w

Getøm Getøm

Gebv Gebv Getøm

\Ωfv Xo¿tØ Getøm

\ΩpsS h≠n Getøm

IS-¶-Y-h≠n Getøm

]m´p-Iƒ ]mSpw Getøm

]m´p-h≠n Getøm

Gebv Gebv Getøm

Gebv Gebv Getøm

A[ym-]-Icpw Ip´n-Ifpw tN¿∂v ]mSp-∂p.

XpS¿∂v

Ip´n-I-fpw So®dpw XΩn-ep≈ kw`m-jWw ˛ F\n-°n-jvS-s∏´ h≠n

N¿®

]h¿Ø\w

Ip™p-Æn-amjv Fgp-Xnb Ihn-X-I-fpsS Ah-X-cWw

hmbvØmcn

XmXn\w XmXn\w XmXn\w XmXn\w

XmXn\w XmXn\w XmXn-\wXm

h -Øn¬ Nhn- p-tºmƒ \of-Øn-tem-Sp∂

Nhn- p-h≠n \√ ssk°nƒ h≠n

]h¿Ø\w

Ihn-Xm-c-N\ (hy-‡n-K-Xw)

Ip´n-Iƒ D≠m-°nb Ifn-∏m- -߃, sIm≠p-h∂ a‰p hkvXp-°ƒ, IS-¶-Y-bnse

DØ-c-߃ F∂n-h-bp-ambn _‘-s∏ v So®-dpsS Ah-X-cWw Ihn-X-tbm-sSm-∏-ap≈

hmbvØm-cn-Ifpw i≤-bn¬ sIm≠p-h-c-Ww. CjvS-h-kvXp-°ƒ, hnj-b-߃ F∂n-

h-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´v Ihn-X-Iƒ Ip´n-Iƒ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p. sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.

DNn-X-amb hmbvØm-cn-I-fpsS Xmf-Øn¬ Ihn-X-Iƒ cNn-°m-sa∂ [mcW Ip´n-I-

fn¬ D≠m-°-Ww. hmbvØm-cn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿Øpw Ihn-X-Iƒ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°mw.

Page 8: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

8

IhnX ]Xn∏v

Ip´n-Iƒ cNn® Ihn-X-Iƒ tN¿Øv Ihn-X-]-Xn∏v Xøm-dm-°p∂p. kvIqƒXe

inev]-im-e-bn¬ ]Im-i\w \S-Øp-∂p.

]h¿Ø\w

h¿Æ-°mgvN

IS-¶-Y-Iƒ, ]cn-N-b-s∏´ Ip™n-°-hn-X-Iƒ F∂n-hsb Bkv]-Z-am°n Ip´n-

Iƒ NnX-c-N\ \S-Øp-∂p. (kz-X-¥-c-N-\)

t\csØ Hcp-°n-bn- p≈ IS-em-kv, Itbm¨ F∂nh D]-tbm-Kn-°mw.

Ip´n-Iƒ hc® NnX-߃ Iq´n-t®¿Øv h¿Æ-∏-Xn∏v D≠m-°p-∂p. ]Xn-∏p-I-fpsS

t]cv Ip´n-Iƒ \n¿t±-in-®-Xm-bn-cn-°-Ww.

Getøm Getøm

Gte-etøm Getøm

IS-¶Y sNm√n Getøm

]m´p-Iƒ FgpXn Getøm

NnXw hct® Getøm

Getøm Getøm

Gte-etøm Getøm

\ΩpsS h≠n Getøm

IS-¶Y˛]m-´p-Iƒ-˛-Nn-X-hp-ambv

hcp-s∂m-cp-h≠n Getøm

Getøm Getøm

Gte-etøm Getøm

Ip´n-Iƒ ]m´pw ]mSn HØp-tN¿∂v Ifn-h-≠n-bpsS mK-ambn ssaXm-\-tØ°v HmSn-

®p-sIm-≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p. So®¿ CXn¬ ]¶m-fn-bm-IWw.

(b-Ym¿∞ h≈ntbm NIn-cn-°-btdm D]-tbm-Kn-°mw)

¢m vXe inev]-ime

2,3,4 ¢m p-Iƒ

Page 9: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

9

\mS≥]m´v ˛ hmbvØm-cn-Iƒ ]cn-N-b-s∏-S¬

]h¿Ø\w

hmbvØmcn Ah-X-cWw

XmXn-¥n\w XmXn-\-¥n\w XmXn-\-¥n\w X¥n-Ømt\m

XmXn-\-¥n\w XmXn-\-¥n\w XmXn-\-¥n\w X¥n-Ømt\m

hmbvØmcn Ip´n-Ifpw A[ym-]-Icpw tN¿∂v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p.

CØn-cn-∏mt´ ]Tn-®n- p≈p

apt√sS Ce-bnepw s]mXn-™p-]m´v

Ct©-sS-\m-tcm≠v sI´n-∏m´v

DØ-c-s∏m-Ønepw h®p-]m´v

Nnß≥]gw X∂m¬ ]ms -Sp°mw

Nnß≥]gw Xn∂p ]ms -Sp-Øp.

sXbvXmcw sXbvXm-cw, sXbvXmcw Xmtcm

sXbvXmcw sXbvXmcw sXbvXmcw Xmtcm

Ip´n-Iƒ tiJ-cn® \mS≥]m- p-Ifpw hmbvØm-cn-Ifpw Kq∏p-X-e-Øn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-

°p-∂p.

\mS≥]m´pw hmbvØm-cn-Ifpw tN¿∂ ]pkvXIw Xøm-dm-°p-∂p.

]h¿Ø\w

Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p∂ `mKw Nm¿´v t]∏-dn¬ ]Z¿in-∏n-°p-I. CXv hmbn-°m≥

Ip´n-Iƒ°v Ah-kcw \¬Ip-∂p.

Ht∂m ct≠m Ip´n-Iƒ Cu `mKw hmbn®v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p.

\o htc≠ ! ag-hcpw Im‰v hcpw ap≈p-≠v, I√p-≠v, tXmSp-≠v, ]mS-ap-≠v.

sRm≠n-bmSv AsXm∂pw Iq´m-°msX \n∂p. a‰v BSp-I-fpsS IqsS tab-Ww. F∂m¬

a‰v BSp-Iƒ hne-°n. CsXmcp IY-bpsS `mK-am-Wv. (So-®¿ CS-s]- p-sIm-≠v)

sRm≠n BSn-t\-IqSn bmXbv°v Iq´m-am-bn-cp-∂nt√? Ip´n-Iƒ hy‡n-K-X-ambn A`n-

]mbw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øs´ sRm≠n BSns\ bmXbv°v Iq -W-sa∂ s]mXp-[m-c-W-

bn¬ N¿® FØn-°p-∂p.

(\cn-am\pw BSp-am\pw F∂ IY-bnse 46, 47 t]Pv )

IY-bn¬ F¥mWv kw -hn-®Xv

Page 10: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

10

So®¿ IY hmbn®v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p.

HmUntbm Xøm-dm°n D]-tbm-Kn-°p-Ibpw sNømw.

tI -I-Ysb Bkv]-Z-am°n Ip´n-I-fpsS `mj-Ww. (hy-‡n-K-X-ambn kzX-¥m- n-

]mbw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ø-s´.)

cN-\-bn-tebv°v

\ΩpsS CS-bn¬ Ah-iX A\p- -hn-°p∂ \nc-h[n Bfp-Iƒ D≠v

]ecpw hnhn[ Xc-Øn-ep≈ IjvS-X-Iƒ A\p- -hn-°p-∂p. F√m IjvS-X-I-sfbpw

AXn-Po-hn®v hnPbw t\SnbhcpsS Hcp IY-bm-bmtem

♦ IY-sb-gpØv

♦ Ah-X-c-Ww, N¿®

♦ sa®-s∏-Sp-ج

♦ ]Xn-∏n-tebv°v

Ip´n-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°nb IY-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn®v ]Xn∏v Xøm-dm-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. Ip´n-

Iƒ \n¿t±-in® t]cp-Iƒ IYm-]-Xn-∏n\v \¬IWw

]Xn∏v tamSn-]n-Sn-∏n-°-Ww.

Ip´n-Iƒ Ah¿°n-jvS-s∏´ hnj-b-ßsf Bkv]-Z-am°n Ihn-X-Iƒ cNn-°p-∂p.

IhnX Ah-X-cWw

N¿®

sa®-s∏-Sp-ج, ]Xn-∏m-°¬

Ihn-Xm-∏-Xn∏v ¢m vX-e-Øn¬ Xøm-dm-°p-∂p. t]cv Ip´n-Iƒ Xs∂ \n¿t±-in-

°p∂p.

]h¿Ø\w

NnX-c-N\

So®¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv

]Ir-Xn-bp-ambn _‘-s∏ v IYbpw Ihn-Xbpw \mS≥]m- p-Ifpw \Ωƒ tI´p. ]Ir-

Xnsb at\m-l-c-am-°p∂ [mcmfw ImgvN-Iƒ \ap°v Np‰p-ap-≠v. AØ-c-Øn¬

\nß-fpsS a\- n¬ ]Xn™ ImgvN Hcp NnX-am-°n-bm-tem.

Page 11: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

11

NnX-c-N\bntebv°v

Ah-X-cWw

sa®-s∏-Sp-ج

t]cp Is≠-ج

]Xn-∏m-°¬

kvIqƒXew

GI-Zn\ inev]-ime

]s¶-Sp-t°-≠-h¿ ˛ 2,3,4 ¢m p-I-fn¬ \n∂pw ¢m vXe inev]-im-e-bn¬ sa®-

s∏´ ]h¿Ø\w \SØn sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏´ Ip´n-Iƒ (]-c-am-h[n 50 t]¿)

anI® k¿Km-flI cN\ \S-Øn-b-h¿, Ip´n-I-fpsS ]c-kv]-c-hn-e-bn-cp-Ø-en-eq-sSbpw

A[ym-]-Is‚ hne-bn-cp-Ø-en-eq-sSbpw sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏- -h-cm-bn-cn-°-Ww.)

DZvLm-S\w

¢m vXe ]Xn-∏p-I-fpsS ]Im-i-\hpw ]Z¿i-\hpw DZvLm-S-\-th-f-bn¬ \S-tØ-

≠-Xp-≠v.

¢m vX-e-Øn¬ Xøm-dm-°nb anI® IY, IhnX F∂n-h-bnse anI-®h Ah-X-cn-

∏n-°-Ww. IY-bp-sSbpw IhnX-bp-sSbpw Zriym-hn-jv°m-c-am-hmw. CXv ap≥Iq´n Xøm-

dm°n thWw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥.

\m´nse apXn¿∂ Hcm-fpsS km∂n[yw D≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww. (I-em-kmw-kv°m-cnI cwK-

Øp-≈-h¿°v ap≥K-W-\. hnc-an® A[ym-]-I-tcbpw £Wn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv)

£Wn-Xm-°ƒ°v IØv \¬tI-≠-Xp-≠v. CXns‚ amXrI A\p-_-‘-Øn¬ \¬In-

bn- p≠v DNn-X-amb am‰-tØmsS D]-tbm-Kn-°p-I.

H∂mw-¢m- nse Ip´n-Iƒ A\p-_-‘w - 3 se ]m´v ]mSn A`n-\-bn-°p-∂p.

Zriym-hn-jv°m-c-Øn\v sF.-kn.-‰n. km[y-X-Iƒ ]tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-Øm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.

Page 12: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

12

]h¿Ø-\-ta-J-e-Iƒ

1. IY

2. IhnX

3. \mS≥]m´v Ah-X-cWw

4. NnX-c-N\

\mS≥]m´v s]mXp-th-Zn-bn-emWv Ah-X-cn-∏n-t°-≠-Xv.

kmln-tXym-’-h-Øn¬ \n∂pw anI® ]h¿Ø\w ImgvN-h® A©v t]sc hne-bn-

cp-Ø-en-eqsS Xnc-s™-Sp-°-Ww. ]c-kv]c hne-bn-cp-Øepw A[ym-]-I-cpsS hne-

bn-cp-Øepw kzoI-cn-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.

cN-\-bv°m-h-iy-amb hnjbw ]tXyIw ]tXyIw \n¿t±-in-°p-∂-Xn\p ]Icw

kzX¥cN-\-bv°m-h-iy-amb Ah-kcw Hcp-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. (B-i-b-߃, kml-N-

cy-߃, kw -h-߃ F∂n-h-bmhmw XnI®pw kzX-¥-c-N-\-bmWv \S-t°-≠-Xv)

ss]adn ¢m nse Ip´n-I-fpsS ]mbw ]cn-K-Wn-®p-sIm≠v F v.-B¿.-Pn. tbmK-

Øn¬ CXn-\p-th≠ N¿® \S-tØ-≠-Xp-≠v.

NnX-c-N-\bv°v \ΩpsS hnZym-e-b-Øn\v Np‰p-ap≈ ImgvN-Iƒ F∂ Bi-b-Øn-

tebv°v \bn-°p∂ ]h¿Ø\w

\mS≥]m´v

Ip´n-Iƒ ¢m vX-e-Øn¬ Xøm-dm-°n-s°m-≠p-h∂ \mS≥]m- p-I-fn¬\n∂pw Bem-

]-\-Øn\v A\p-tbm-Py-am-bXv Kq∏p-X-e-Øn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p. CXv aqey-\n¿Æ-

b-Øn-\p≈X√. CXv kam-]-\-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-Ww.

D]-Pn-√-bn-te°v Hmtcm hn`m-K-Ønepw anIhv ]pe¿Ønb Hmtcm Ip´nsb Is≠-

Ø-Ww.

Ip´n-I-fpsS ]c-kv]-c-hn-e-bn-cp-ج, A[ym-]-I-cpsS hne-bn-cp-ج F∂n-h-bn-eq-

sS-bmWv anI® Ip´nsb Is≠-Øp-∂-Xv.

kam-]\w

sshIo´v 3 aWn°v

]tZ-iØ kmln-Xy-Im-cs‚ / Iem-Im-cs‚ km∂n≤yw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Ø-Ww.

Page 13: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

13

]Xn-`m-h-µ\w

kvIqƒX-e-Øn¬ anIhv ]pe¿Ønb Ip´n-Isf BZ-cn-°p-∂p.

kmln-Xy-Im-cs\/ Iem-Im-cs\ BZ-cn-°p-∂p.

]pkvX-I-߃ \¬In-bmWv BZ-cn-t°-≠Xv

Imcy-]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ kzmKXw ]d-bp-∂Xpw ]Xn- -Isf ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xpw Ip´n-

Iƒ Xs∂ Bbn-cn-°-Ww.

Rm≥ hmbn® CjvS-s∏´ ]pkvX-I-sØ-°p-dn®v Hcp Ip´n-bpsS Ah-X-cWw

(5 an\n- v) kam-]-\-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ \S-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.

kvIqƒX-e-Øn-ep-≠mb anI® Hcp IYbpw Hcp Ihn-Xbpw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-Ww.

D]-Pn-√m-X-e-Ønse hnZym-cwKw kmln-tXym-’-h-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-t°≠ Ip´n-I-fpsS

t]cv Cu tbmK-Øn¬ ]Jym-]n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.

kmln-tXym-’-h-Øn¬ cq]-s∏´ ]Xn∏v D]-Pn-√m-hn-Zym-cwKw kmln-tXym-’-h-Øn¬

FØn-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.

(an-I® ]Xn-∏n\v AwKo-Imcw e`n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv)

A\p-_‘w

sXbvXIw sXbvXIw sXbvXIw Xmtcm

sXbvXIw sXbvXIw sXbvXmtcm

XØn-°-fn-°p∂ XØ-Ω-s∏tÆ

ssXsØ-ßn≥ sImº-Øn-cn-°p∂ s]tÆ

(sX-bvXIw )

]®-\n-d-ap≈ XØ-Ω-s∏tÆ

XØn-°-fn-°p∂ XØ-Ω-s∏tÆ

(sX-bvXIw )

]p©n-d-Ip-s≈mcp XØ-Ω-s∏tÆ

sNt©m-c-®p-≠p≈ XØ-Ω-s∏tÆ

(sX-bvXIw )

h≠n \s√mcp h≠n

h≈n-sIm-s≠m-cp-h≠n

N¥-ap-s≈mcp h≠n

h≈n-sIm-s≠mcp h≠n

Ifn-h≠n Ifn-h≠n

F∂psS h≠n Ifn-h≠n

\n∂psS h≠n Ifn-h≠n

\Ω-sfm-cp-°nb Ifn-h≠n

Page 14: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

14

A\p-_‘whnZym-cw-Kw, kvIqƒXe inev]-im-e-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ apXn¿∂-bm-fn-\p≈ IØv

k¿, anXw

kvIqƒX-e-Øn¬ ]Tn-°p∂ Ip´n-I-fpsS Iem- -km-ln-Xy-cw-KsØ anI-hn\v th≠n

]h¿Øn-Ip∂ kwL-S-\-bmWv hnZym-cwKw Iem-km-ln-Xy-th-Zn. Ip´n-I-fpsS cN-

\m-in-ev]-im-e-Iƒ hnZym-cw-K-Øns‚ ][m\ ]h¿Ø-\-ta-J-e-bm-Wv. ¢m vX-e-

Øn¬ inev]-im-e-Iƒ \S-∂p-I-gn-™p. ASpØ L´w kvIqƒXe inev]-im-e-bmWv.

Cu inev]-im-e-bn¬ Xm¶ƒ Ip´n-I-tfm-sSm∏w 30- 40 an\n´v sNe-h-gn-°-W-sa∂v

hn\o-X-ambn A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p. Ip´n-I-fp-ambn Xmsg ]d-bp∂ Imcy-߃ kwkm-cn-

°p-∂-Xm-Wv. inev]-im-ebv°v ]tbm-P-\-I-c-am-hp-∂-Xv.

Ip´n-°m-esØ Iem kmlnXy A\p- -h-߃

]g-b-Im-eØv ]mSn-°-fn® ]m´p-Iƒ

\mS≥]m- p-Iƒ hmbvØm-cn-Iƒ

]gb Ip´n-°-Y-Iƒ

hmb-\m-\p-`-h-߃

\n›nX ka-b-Øn-\p-≈n¬ Cu hnj-b-ß-fn¬ ]cn-an-X-s∏-SpØn kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xv

inev]-imem hnP-b-Øn\v A\n-hm-cy-amWv. Bflm¿∞-amb klmbw ]Xo-£n-

®p-sIm≠v kvt\l-]q¿∆w

]Y-am-[ym-]-I≥

A\p-_‘w ˛ 3

IS-I-S-I-S-IS Imf-h≠n

InWn InWn InWn InWn ssk°nƒh≠n

s]mt∏m s]mt∏m tamt´m¿h≠n

Xv[pIv Xv[pIv Xv[pIv Xv[pIv Xoh≠n

HmSpw h≠n HgpIpw h≠n

]mbpw h≠n ]d°pw h≠n

Iqhpw h≠n, Ipg-ep≈ h≠n

Nodpw h≠n Nnd-Ip≈ h≠n

Page 15: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

15

A\p-_‘w 4

]pkvX-I-°m-gvN-bn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øm-hp∂ ]pkvX-I-߃

IYm-hn-`mKw

1. \mtSmSn sNm¬°-Y-Iƒ

kpaw-Ke (Un.-kn. _pIvkv)

2. ]©-X¥w

‰n.-F-kv. s]m∂Ω (kw-ÿm\ _me-km-lnXy C≥Ãn-‰yq- v)

3. Cutkm-∏p-I-Y-Iƒ

s]m^. Fkv. inh-Zmkv (am-Xr- qan _pIvkv)

A\p-_‘w

IhnXm hn`mKw

1. hf-s∏m- p-Iƒ- -H.-F≥.-hn. (Un.-kn. _pIvkv)

2. HmW-∏m- p-Iƒ ˛ ae-bØv A∏pÆn

(]q¿Æm ]ªn-t°-j≥kv)

3. Inßn-Wn-°-hn-X-Iƒ ˛ Ip™pÆn (F≥.-_n.-F-kv.)

4. \qdv t\gvk-dn-∏m- p-Iƒ ˛ kn∏n ]≈n-∏pdw (Un.-kn. _pIvkv)

5. IWniw apØ»n ˛ aW-ºq¿ cmP≥_m_p (Un.-kn.-_p-Ivkv)

Page 16: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

16

F¬.-]n. hn`mKw

kmln-Xy-in-ev]-im-e-Iƒ¢mkvXew ˛ kvIqƒXew

kv°qƒ kmln-tXym-’-h-Øns‚ `mK-ambn

hnZym-e-b-ß-fn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n-°p∂

kmln-Xy-in-ev]-im-e-Iƒ°p-th≠n

hnZym-cwKw Iem-km-ln-Xy-thZn

koam‰v tIc-f-bpsS kl-I-c-W-tØmsS

Xøm-dm-°nb

samUyqƒ \n¿t±-i-߃

(2015˛16)

Page 17: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

17

Page 18: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

18

D]-Pn-√m-Xe inev]-ime

(GI-Zn-\w)

]s¶-Sp-t°-≠-h¿ : D]-Pn-√-bnse hnZym-e-b-ß-fn¬ \n∂v Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏´

hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ. (kvIqƒXe inev]-im-e-bnse anI-hns\ ASn-ÿm-\-am-°n FØn-

t®-tc≠ Ip´n-I-fpsS FÆw \n›-bn-t°-≠Xv D]-Pn-√m-Xe kan-Xn-bmWv.)

IY, Ihn-X, NnX-c-N\ taJ-e-I-fn-embn 30˛40 Ip´n-Iƒ Hcp hn`m-K-Øn¬ FØn-

t®-c-Ø° hn[w Iao-I-cWw D≠m-hWw

inev]-im-e-I-fn¬ Ip´n-I-tfmSv kwh-Zn-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp∂ IY, Ihn-X, NnX-

cN\ F∂o taJ-e-I-fnse hnZ-Kv[-cpsS km∂n[yw D≠m-h-Ww.

DZvLm-S-\-k-tΩ-f-\w, kam-]-\-k-tΩ-f\w F∂nh s]mXp-sk-j-\p-I-fmbn \S-

Ø-Ww. aq∂v taJ-e-I-fpsS skj-\p-Iƒ kam-¥-c-ambn \S-Øp-∂-Xn-\p≈

kuIcyw inev]-im-e-sbm-cp-°nb hnZym-e-b-Øn¬ D≠m-h-Ww. Iw]yq-´¿ /

em]vtSm∏v, F¬.-kn.Un s]mP-IvS¿, ku≠v knÃw F∂nh kam-¥-c-ambn Hcp-

°p∂ lmfp-I-fnepw Iao-I-cn-°-Ww.

D]-Pn-√m-X-e-Øn¬ kvIqƒXe ]Xn-∏p-I-fpsS ]Z¿i\w D≠m-h-Ww. anI®

kvIqƒ ]Xn-∏ns\ Xnc-s™-SpØv kΩm\w kam-]\ skj-\n¬ hnX-cWw

sNø-Ww.

Ip´n-I-fpsS cN-\-Iƒ D]-Pn-√m-X-e-Øn¬ hyXy-kvX-amb coXn-bn¬ ]kn-≤o-I-

cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ (tªm-Kv, A®-Sn-® amknI, HmUntbm amK-kn≥) D]-Pn-√m-Xe

FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬ t_m¿Un\v (Ip- n-Iƒ + A[ym-]-I¿) inev]-im-em-Zn-hkw cq]w

\¬IWw.

D]-Pn-√m-Xe inev]-im-e-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ F√m hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°pw kΩm\w

(]pkvX-I-am-bm¬ DNn-Xw) \¬IWw

kz¥w cN-\-Iƒ inev]-im-e-bn¬ sIm≠p-h-cp-∂-Xn\pw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\pw

Ip´n-Iƒ°v ap≥Iq´n \n¿t±iw \¬I-Ww.

Page 19: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

19

ap≥Iq´n Icp-tX-≠h

A. ]pkvX-I-߃

1. _u˛_u IY-Iƒ ˛ Fkv. inh-Zmkv

2. s\bv]m-bkw ˛ kpaw-Ke

3. bpdo°m IY-Iƒ ˛ KSSP

4. A∏q-∏≥Xm-Sn-bpsS kz¿K-bmX ˛ kn∏n ]≈n-∏pdw

5. a™-∏m-hmS ˛ tUm. sI. ioIp-am¿

B. Nm¿´v t]∏-dn¬ hc® B¨Ip´n / s]¨Ip´n NnXw

C. NnXw hc-bv°p-∂-Xn-\m-h-iy-amb Nm¿´p-Iƒ Itbm¨kv, If¿ t]\-Iƒ, t]mÿ

If-dp-Iƒ

D. NnXcN-\m-a-’c hnP-bn-I-fmbn hcp-∂-h¿ If-dp-Iƒ Icp-X-W-sa∂ \n¿t±iw

\¬I-Ww.

F¬.-]n. hn`m-K-Øn-\-\p-tbm-Py-amb If¿ s]≥kn¬, Itbm¨kv, kvsI®v s]≥

F∂nh D]-tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.

]pkvX-I-°mgvN

D]-Pn√mXe-Øn¬ ss]adn Ip´n-I-fpsS hmb-\bv°v Bh-iy-amb ]pkvX-I-ß-

fpsS ]Z¿i\w Hcp-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. tiJ-c-W-ßsf Ip´n-Iƒ°v ]tbm-P-\-I-chpw ck-

I-c-hp-amb ]pkvX-I-ß-fpsS ]Z¿i\w F∂ \ne-bn¬ I≠m¬ aXn.

Page 20: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

20

samUyqƒ

cPn-kvtS-j≥ ˛ 9.00 ˛ 9.30

DZvLm-S\ skj≥ ˛ 9.30 ˛ 10.30

(tbm-K-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ Hmtcm Bƒ°pw kabw ap≥Iq´n \n›-bn®v

\¬IWw. apJym-Xn-Yn-bmbn FØp∂ Fgp-Øp-Im-c\v 30˛35 an\n´v Ip´n-I-tfmSv

kwkm-cn-°p-hm≥ Ah-k-cw \¬I-Ww.)

11 aWn ˛ kam-¥c skj-\p-Iƒ

skj≥ 1

IY-°q´w

Ip´n-I-fpsS cN-\-Isf ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂-Xn\pw KpWm-fl-I-ambn hne-bn-cp-Øp-

∂-Xn\pw Ign-bp∂ Hcp kmln-Xy-Im-c≥ / A[ym-]-Is‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-em-hWw

""IY-°q´w'' \S-t°-≠-Xv. kz¥w hmb-\m-\p- -h-ßsf Ip´n-I-fpsS Fgp-Øn\v A\p-

_-‘-ambn D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ dntkmgvkv t]gvk-Wn\v Ign-bWw

]cn-N-b-s∏-S¬ (15 an\n- v)

kz¥w t]cv ]d-™v, hmbn® IY-bnse ck-I-c-amb kµ¿`w / IYm-]m-XsØ

Ah-X-cn-∏n®v ]cn-N-b-s∏-S¬. H∂v c≠v hcn-I-fn¬

Fs‚ IY hmb\

6˛7 t]¿ hoX-ap≈ Kq∏p-Iƒ. (Kq-∏p-Iƒ°v IY, t\mh¬, _me-km-lnXy

Fgp-Øp-Im-cpsS t]cv) cq]o-I-cn-°¬.

Hmtcm Kq∏v AwK-Øn\pw kz¥w IY Kq∏n¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\v Ah-kcw.

Kq∏n¬ \n∂v s]mXp Ah-X-c-W-Øn\v Hcp IY \n›-bn-°¬. B IY s]mXp-

hmbn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°¬.

F√m Kq∏p-I-fp-sSbpw Ah-X-c-Ww.

Page 21: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

21

RP bpsS i≤bv°v

anI® IYm-k-µ¿ -߃, IYm-]m-X-ß-fpsS cq]o-I-c-Ww, anI® XpS-°w,

Ah-km-\w.... F∂n-ßs\ cN-\m-]-c-amb khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ D≈h t\m´v

sNbvXv IYm Ah-X-c-W-Øn-\p-ti-j-ap≈ N¿®-bn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-Ww.

tI´ IY-I-sf-°p-dn®v kzX-¥-amb ]Xn-I-c-W-Øn\v aqt∂m \mtem Ip´n-Iƒ°v

Ah-kcw

˛ CjvS-s∏´ IY GXv?

˛ F¥p-sIm≠v ? khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ ?

˛ am‰w h√Xpw \n¿t±-in-°m-\pt≠m?

˛ KpW-߃ ?

Ip´n-I-fpsS Ah-X-c-W-th-f-bn¬ Hmtcm IY-bp-tSbpw KpW-߃ / ta∑-Iƒ/

khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ Nm¿´n¬ tImUo-I-cn®v Fgp-X-Ww.

RP bpsS s]mXp tImUo-I-cWw ap≥]v tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb Ipdn∏v D]-tbm-K-s∏-

SpØn KpWm-fl-I-amb hne-bn-cp-ج.

♦ Fs‚ IY, am‰n-sb-gp-Xp-tºmƒ

˛ N¿®-Iƒ°v tijw kz¥w IY-bn¬ am‰w hcp-Øp-hm≥ Hmtcm-cp-Ø¿°pw

Ah-kcw

˛ Cu IY-Iƒ tiJ-cn®v ]Xn-∏m-°Ww

(RP -Ip- n-Iƒ IY-bn¬ Bh-iy-amb am‰w hcp-Øp-hm≥ ian-°p∂ kµ¿ -Øn¬

A[ym-]-I≥, Hmtcm IY-bn-eqsSbpw IS-∂p-t]m-Im≥ i≤n-°-Ww. anI-®-sX∂v

tXm∂p∂ (ap≥]v i≤-bn¬s∏-Sm-Ø) IY-Iƒ s]mXp-hmbn hmbn®v Ah-X-cn-∏n-

°Ww.

♦ IY-Iƒ hmbn-°mw.

_u -_u- -I-Y-Iƒ, A∏q-∏≥Xm-Sn-bpsS kz¿K-bm-X, s\bv]m-b-kw, a™-∏mhmS -

Ip- n-Iƒ Fgp-Xnb anI® IY-Iƒ Hmtcm Kq∏n\pw Ht∂m ct≠m IY-Iƒ hmbn-

°p-∂-Xn\v Ah-k-cw. IY \n›-bn®v \evI-Ww. hmbn® IYsb ]cn-N-b-s∏-SpØn

kwkm-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v Ah-k-cw. (IY tIƒ°p-∂-Xn\v HmUn-tbm, hoUntbm kuI-

cyhpw D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Ømw.)

Page 22: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

22

♦ Hcp IY IqSn

ap≥Iq´n Xøm-dm-°nb Nm¿´n¬ hc® NnXw ]Z¿in-∏n-°p-∂p.

Cu NnX-Øn¬ Fs¥√mw hm°p-Iƒ IqSn Iq´n-t®¿°mw. s]mXp-hmbn ]d-bp-

∂-Xn\v Ah-k-cw. a\p-jy-\-∑-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ hm°p-Iƒ Nm¿´n¬ FgpXn

tN¿°¬

RP - tImUo-I-cWw

\√ a\p-jy-cm-hm≥ F√m-h¿°pw Ign-bWw \√ a\p-jy-cpsS KpW-߃, khn-

ti-j-X-Iƒ Fs¥-√m-am-sW-∂mWv \mw Cu NnX-Øn\v Np‰pw Fgp-Xn-t®¿ØXv

˛ hm°p-Iƒ°v kµ¿ -߃ \¬In RP hni-Zo-I-cn-°-Ww.

IY hmbn-°p∂ Hcmƒ°v a\- n¬ Hcp am‰w krjvSn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ / Ahsc

Nn¥n-∏n-°p∂ / \√ ]hrØn sNøm≥ tXm∂n-∏n-°p∂ Hcp IY Fgp-Xn-bmtem?

kzX-¥-c-N-\bv°v Ah-kcw

\n›nX ka-b-Øn-\p-tijw c≠v t]cpsS Kq∏n¬ IY ]c-kv]cw ssIamdn

hmbn-°p-∂-Xn\v Ah-kcw

anI® ]c-am-h[n IY-I-fpsS Ah-X-cWw

tiJ-cn®v ]Xn-∏m-°¬

hne-bn-cp-ج

\∑ Zb

]cn-iaw klmbw

Page 23: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

23

♦♦♦♦♦ hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°¬

RP Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ hmbvØm-cn°v A\p-_-‘-ambn hcn-Iƒ Iq´n tN¿°p-

∂-Xn\v Ah-kcw

Xm X°nS X∂mtcm

XI X°nS X°nS X∂mtcm

..................................

.................................

Ip´n-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°p∂ Xmf-\n-_-‘-amb hcn-Iƒ X¬k-abw Nm¿´n¬ tcJ-

s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.

Iq -ambn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb 10˛12 hcn-Iƒ hmbvØm-cnbpw Dƒs∏-SpØn Iq -

ambn sNm√¬.

♦♦♦♦♦ `qan-bpsS Ah-Im-in-Iƒ

Nm¿´n¬ Hcp henb hrØw ˛ "`qan-bpsS Ah-Im-in-Iƒ' Bsc-√mw. N¿®

]c-am-h[n PohPme-ßsf Fgp-Xnbpw hc®pw Nm¿´v \nd-°-s´.

˛ ]c-kv]cw _‘-ap-≈-Xns\ as‰mcp If¿ D]-tbm-Kn®v _‘n-∏n-°p-hm-\-h-k-cw.

˛ `qan-bnse F√m-h¿°pw D≈-XmWv `qan. AXnse Hmtcm-∂n\pw AXn-t‚-Xmb

]tXyIX D≠v. Cu ]tXy-I-X-Iƒ, Ch XΩn-ep≈ _‘w˛ eLp-N¿®.

˛ Cu N¿®-Isf ASn-ÿm-\-am°n kzX-¥-amb IhnX Fgp-Xp-hm≥ \n›nX

kabw \¬I¬.

`qan-bpsS Ah-Im-in-IƒFgp-Xnbpw

hc®pw

Ah-Im-in-Isf

Adn-bm≥

Page 24: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

24

Ihn-X-°q´v

Ip´n-I-fpsS Ihn-X-Iƒ hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂-Xn\pw Iq -∏m- p-Iƒ°v t\XrXzw \¬Ip-

∂-Xn\v Ign-bp∂ A[ym-]-I-cpsS / kmln-Xy-Im-cs‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-em-hWw

"Ihn-X-°q´v' \S-t°-≠-Xv. kz¥w IhnXm\p- -h-ß-fpw Ip´n-I-fpsS Fgp-Øn\v

A\p-_-‘-ambn D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ RP i≤n-°-Ww. Bh-iy-amb \mS≥]m-

´p-Ifpw hmbvØm-cn-Ifpw D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Ø-Ww.

]cn-N-b-s∏-S¬

kz¥-ambn Fgp-Xnb c≠v / \mev hcn-Iƒ sNm√n t]cv ]d™v ]cn-N-b-s∏-S¬.

hmbvØm-cn-Iƒ sNm√n-bmepw aXn-bm-hpw.

Fs‚ IhnX

6˛7 t]¿ hoX-ap≈ Kq∏p-Iƒ (Kq-∏p-Iƒ°v Ihn-I-fpsS t]cv \¬I-Ww)

Kq∏nse F√m-hcpw Kq∏n¬ IhnX Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p. (hm-bn-t®m, sNm√n-tbm)

Kq∏n¬ \n∂v s]mXp Ah-X-c-W-Øn¬ IhnX \n›-bn-°¬. F√m Kq∏p-Ifpw IhnX

s]mXp-hmbn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°¬.

(an-I® hcn-Iƒ, hmMvab NnX-߃, h¿W-\-Iƒ....................-A-h-X-c-W-th-f-bn¬ RPt\m´v sNbvXv hbv°-sW.)

tI´ Ihn-X-I-sf-°p-dn®v kzX-¥-amb ]Xn-I-c-W-Øn\v Ip´n-Iƒ°v Ah-k-cw. anI-

®-sX∂v Nq≠n-°m- nb cN-\I-fpsS ]tXy-I-X-Iƒ Ip´n-I-fp-am-bp≈ N¿®-bn-eqsS

cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.

CtX kµ¿ -Øn¬ ap≥Iq´n \n›-bn® NphsS \n›-bn® ]pkvX-I-ß-fnse Ihn-

X-Iƒ ICT km[y-X-Iƒ D]-tbm-K-s∏-SpØn Ah-X-cWw.

]∏-Sw- -]gw ˛ ]mb-kw˛ kn∏n ]≈n-∏pdw

AXn∂pa∏pdw F¥mWv ˛ ]n. a[p-kq-Z≥

Inep-In-ep-°mw-s]´n ˛ Ip™p-Æn-amjv

Page 25: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

25

˛ c≠p-t]¿ hoX-ap≈ Kq∏n¬ IhnX hmbn-°¬

˛ s]mXp-hmb Nne Ah-X-c-W-߃

˛ ]Xn∏v cq]-s∏-Sp-ج

skj≥ 3

NnX-°q´v

Ip´n-I-fpsS X\-Xmb cN-\-Iƒs°m∏w \n¬°p-Ibpw Bh-iy-amb \n¿t±-i-߃

\¬Ip-∂-Xn\pw Hcp NnX-Im-c≥ / NnX-Iem A[ym-]-I≥ Cu skj\v t\XrXzw

\evI-Ww.

♦♦♦♦♦ hc-tafw

Cu skj≥ \S-°p∂ lmfn\p Np‰pw Nm¿´p-t]-∏-dp-Iƒ Np‰pw Iao-I-cn-®n-cn-

°-Ww. Bh-iy-amb cN\m kma-Kn-Iƒ Icp-X-Ww (I-tbm¨kv, If¿

s]≥kn¬, t]mÿ If¿, _jv F∂n-ß-s\) NnX-Im-c≥am-cpsS t]cp-Iƒ

\¬In Ip´n-Isf Kq∏m-°p-∂p. Hmtcm Kq∏n\pw \n›n-X-ÿew Nm¿´p-Iƒ

]Xn-®Xv \¬Ip-∂p. CjvS-ap≈ NnX-߃ hc-®v -\n-d-°-Ww. hc-bv°p-∂-Xn\p

ap≥t] Kq∏n¬ Btem-N\ \S-°-Ww. s]mXp-hmb Xocp-am-\-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-

\-Øn¬ hc-bv°p-hm≥ Bkq-XWw \S-Øm≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v RP \n¿t±iw

\¬IWw.

˛ \n›n-X-k-abw \¬In hc-tafw ]q¿Øn-bm-°¬

˛ Kq∏w-K-߃°v a‰p Kq∏p-Im¿ hc-®-Xpt\m°n ImWp-∂-Xn\v kabw \¬I¬

˛ hc® NnX-߃ kw_-‘n®v s]mXp-hmb N¿®

˛ anI® NnX-߃, ]tXy-I-X-Iƒ F∂nh RP s]mXp-hmbn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°Ww

♦♦♦♦♦ IY hmbn-°mw, IhnX sNm√mw

kam-¥c skj-\p-I-fn¬ Ip´n-Iƒ sIm≠p-h∂ IY-Iƒ, Ihn-X-Iƒ F∂nh

Cu skj-\n¬ D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Ø-Ww.

Ip´n-Iƒ°v IY-Ifpw Ihn-X-I-fpw Hmtcm∂p hoXw hmbn-°p-∂-Xn\v Ahkcw

hmbn® IY-bnse Ihn-X-bnse Bi-bsØ NnXo-I-cn-°p-hm≥ Ign-bptam?

Ah-kcw \¬I¬ ˛ NnX-c-N\ km[y-X-Iƒ

C√mØ NnXw amdn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xn\v Ah-kcw

Page 26: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

26

\n›n-X-k-a-b-Øn\p tijw hc® NnXw, Ihn-X-Iƒ Nm¿´p-t]-∏-dn¬ ]n≥ sNbvXv

]Z¿in-∏n-°p-hm≥ Kq∏p-Iƒ°v Ahkcw.

˛ ]Z¿i\w

˛ ImWp-∂-Xn\v Ah-kcw

˛ cN-\-bp-ambn Gsd s]mcp-Ø-s∏´ NnX-߃ GXv? N¿®

Hcp cN\bv°v A\p-_-‘-ambn D≠m-bn-cn-t°≠ NnX-Øns‚ khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ

F¥v?

(RP tIm-Uo-I-cWw)

D≈-S°sØ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-XmImw

cN\ hmbn-°m≥ t]cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xm-IWw

D≈-S-°-Øn\v A∏p-dtam C∏p-dtam \S-°p∂ Zriy-amhmw

♦♦♦♦♦ hc-°q´w

˛ kz-X-¥-ambn cN\ \S-Øp-hm≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v Ah-kcw

˛ H‰-s∏´ NnX-߃°p ]Icw Hcm-i-bsØ NnXo-I-cn-°p-hm≥ Ip´n-Isf t]cn-

∏n-°-Ww.

1. \n߃°v kt¥mjw tXm∂nb bmX-Iƒ / A\p- -h-߃

2. hnjaw tXm∂nb kw -h-߃

3. .............................

kzX-¥-amb cN-\, s]mXp-hmb aoUnbw D]-tbm-Kn®v \S-Øp-∂-XmWv DNn-Xw.

(I-tbm¨kv)

˛ \n›n-X-k-a-b-Øn-\p-tijw NnX-ß-fpsS ]Z¿i\w

˛ NnX-ßsf tiJ-cn®v ]Xn-∏n-°¬

˛ hne-bn-cp-ج

Page 27: Vidyarangam LP Section · 6 \ΩpsS h≠n Getøm hcn-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ip´n-Iƒ°v So®¿ Ah-kcw sImSp-°-Ww. a®nß h≠n Getøm hen-°p∂ h≠n Getøm πmhne h≠n Getøm

27

kam-]-\-sk-j≥

s]mXp-sk-j≥ 3.30 ˛ 4.15

Ihn / NnX-Im-c≥ / IYmIm-c≥

ama-\p-samØv

]mtZ-inI kmln-Xy-Im-c≥ / NnX-Im-c-\p-ambn Ip´n-I-fpsS apJm-ap-Jw anI®

cN-\-Iƒ Cu thf-bn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\v Ah-kcw D≠m-IWw.

kam-]\ skj≥

4.15 ˛ 4.30

kΩm-\-Zm\w ˛ ]mtZ-inI P\-]-Xn-\n-[n-bpsS km∂n-[y-Øn¬ efn-X-ambn

\S-Ø-Ww.