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  • 1. BUSINESS DYNAMICS:START-UPS, BUSINESS TRANSFERS AND BANKRUPTCYThe economic impact of legal and administrativeprocedures for licensing, business transfers andbankruptcy on entrepreneurship in Europe European Commission Enterprise and Industry

2. BUSINESS DYNAMICS: START-UPS, BUSINESS TRANSFERS AND BANKRUPTCY 3. BUSINESS DYNAMICS: START-UPS, BUSINESS TRANSFERS AND BANKRUPTCYEuropeanCommissionBusinessDynamics:Startups,BusinessTransfersandBankruptcy"Theeconomicimpactoflegalandadministrativeproceduresforlicensing,businesstransfersandbankruptcyonentrepreneurshipinEurope."FinalReportJanuary2011Bruxelles 2011 4. This report is financed under the Competitiveness and InnovationFramework Programme which aims to encourage the competitiveness ofEuropean enterprises.Published by:Entrepreneurship UnitDirectorate-General for Enterprise and IndustryEuropean CommissionB-1049 [email protected] NOTICENeither the European Commission nor any person acting on its behalf may beheld responsible for the use to which information contained in this publicationmay be put, nor for any errors which may appear despite careful preparationand checking. This publication does not necessarily reflect the view or theposition of the European Commission. European Union, 2011Reproduction is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged, save whereotherwise stated.For use/reproduction of third-party copyright material specified as suchpermission must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). 5. BUSINESS DYNAMICS: START-UPS, BUSINESS TRANSFERS AND BANKRUPTCYFull Title: Business Dynamics: Startups, Business Transfers and Bankruptcy. Theeconomic impact of legal and administrative procedures for licensing, businesstransfersandbankruptcyonentrepreneurshipinEurope.Thisreportwaspreparedin2010fortheEuropeanCommission,DGEnterpriseandIndustry.Abstract:Thestudyanalysestheeconomicimpactoflegalandadministrativeproceduresforlicensing, business transfers and bankruptcy on entrepreneurship in Europe. Thestudyencompassesthe27EUmemberstatesplusCroatia,Turkey,Iceland,Norway,Serbia and Montenegro. For each of the focus areas, the study analyses thefollowing: (i) Licensing procedures: to what extent do these administrativeprocedures delay the creation of new enterprises? (ii) Business transfers: to whatextenthavetherecommendationsincludedinthe1994CommissionRecommendation to improve transfers of business been implemented and which are the mainobstacles still remaining to successful business transfers? and (iii) BankruptcyproceduresandSecondChance:whatistheimpactofbankruptcylawandpracticesontheavailabilityofaSecondChance(restarter)forfailedentrepreneurs?KeySubjects:SMEs,businesses,licensing,licenses,permits,authorisation,bankruptcy,insolvency,SecondChance,businesstransfersPerformingorganisations:PLANET S.A. (Greece), Paris Chamber of Commerce and Industry (France), DanishTechnologicalInstitute(Denmark),GFAConsulting(Germany)Theviewsexpressedhereinarethoseoftheexpertsanddonotrepresentanyofficialviewoftheinstitutionsmentionedabove.Projectorganisation:Project Director Constantinos Calogirou, PLANET S.A., Project Manager KyriakosFragkozidis,PLANETS.A.,EvelyneHoudardDuval,ParisChamberofCommerceandIndustryandHelenePerrinBoulonne,ParisChamberofCommerceandIndustry.Reference:Calogirou,C.,Fragozidis,K.,HoudardDuval,E.,PerrinBoulonne,H.(2010)BusinessDynamics:Startups,BusinessTransfersandBankruptcy,PLANETS.A.,CCIP,DTIandGFA,PublishedbytheEuropeanCommission,DGEnterpriseandIndustry. 6. BUSINESS DYNAMICS: START-UPS, BUSINESS TRANSFERS AND BANKRUPTCY Table of ContentsExecutive Summary .................................................................................................... I1Introduction...............................................................................................1 1.1 Objectives.........................................................................................................1 1.2 Issues Analysed within each of the Four Thematic Areas........................22 Prior Situation...........................................................................................43 Research Methodology..........................................................................11 3.1 Desk Research ...............................................................................................11 3.2 Surveys...........................................................................................................123.2.1Key Issues Addressed per Survey..............................................................123.2.2Targeted Parties ............................................................................................153.2.3Channels Used to Execute the Surveys .....................................................153.2.4Geographical Allocation of Responses per Survey..................................16 3.3 Economic Analysis .......................................................................................184 Study Results ..........................................................................................22 4.1 Licensing........................................................................................................224.1.1Desk Research ...............................................................................................234.1.2Survey Findings ............................................................................................264.1.3Economic Analysis .......................................................................................524.1.4Conclusions ...................................................................................................71 4.2 Business Transfers ........................................................................................784.2.1Desk Research ...............................................................................................794.2.2Survey Findings ............................................................................................804.2.3Economic Analysis .......................................................................................944.2.4Conclusions .................................................................................................100 4.3 Bankruptcy ..................................................................................................1034.3.1Desk Research .............................................................................................1044.3.2Survey Findings ..........................................................................................1094.3.3Economic Analysis .....................................................................................1244.3.4Conclusions .................................................................................................135 4.4 Second Chance ............................................................................................1374.4.1Desk Research .............................................................................................1384.4.2Survey Findings ..........................................................................................1384.4.3Economic Analysis .....................................................................................1454.4.4Conclusions .................................................................................................1505 Overall Conclusions ............................................................................152Appendix I Overview of Applicable Licenses for 5-Model Companies .......159Appendix II Licensing Complexity Index Calculation Methodology..........170Appendix III - Typology of Countries Bankruptcy Systems and Variable Analysis ..................................................................................................174Appendix IV Bibliography for Economic Analysis.............................................177Annex I Survey Statistics overviewAnnex II Key ActorsAnnex III Key ReferencesAnnex IV Questionnaires 7. BUSINESS DYNAMICS: START-UPS, BUSINESS TRANSFERS AND BANKRUPTCY T A B L EO F F I G U R E SFigure 1-1: Geographical coverage of the Business Dynamics Study .............................................................. 3Figure 3-1: Research methods of the Business Dynamics Study..................................................................... 11Figure 4-1: Time required to obtain all licenses in calendar days (Hotel with Restaurant) ..................... 28Figure 4-2: Cost towards public sector to obtain all licenses in euro (Hotel with Restaurant) ............... 29Figure 4-3: Cost towards private sector to obtain all licenses in euro (Hotel with Restaurant)............... 30Figure 4-4: Internal company effort in person days to obtain all licenses - in calendar days (Hotel withRestaurant)............................................................................................................................................................. 31Figure 4-5: Time required to obtain all licenses in calendar days (Wholesale / Retail Food Distributor)................................................................................................................................................................................. 33Figure 4-6: Cost towards public sector to obtain all licenses in euro .......................................................... 33Figure 4-7: Cost towards private sector to obtain all licenses in euro ......................................................... 34Figure 4-8: Internal company effort in person days to obtain all licenses in calendar days (Wholesale /Retail Food Distributor) ....................................................................................................................................... 36Figure 4-9: Time required to obtain all licenses in calendar days (plumbing company)......................... 38Figure 4-10: Cost towards public sector to o