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  • 1. . , 2013

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(, , ) , , , (.. , , ).. , . , , . , , . , . , , , . , ,, . , , . , .:, / , :, 13. 132. 2.1 , , . , :(),, , , ,, , , , , , /(, ), ,, , , , , . 14. 142.2 , . , , . , , , . , , , . , , . . , ----, ---, , , , , , , , , , , ., , , ., , . , , . 15. 152.3 , . ., (.. , ) . , , , . ., , , . , ,, , , . , , . , . , ,. , , , . : /, -. : , ,, , : , , , , ., . . :: , . : , , . 16. 16, , . , . , , ., , . , , , . , , . , , ., , , . , , , , . , , .2.4 :1. 12 182. 3. 4. , , ,, , , , , , . , , . , , , . , ,, . 17. 173. 3.1 , (Olweus, 1978, 1986, 1993; Olweus & Limber, 2007) (, ), , , , :1. 2. :/3. 4. ,, :5. :. , , , , , , / . , , , . , , , :: : , , -: , , -: , , : 6. , , . 18. 18, , , , , ., , , , , , , , , , (- , , -) , ,, ,, , .. (Befriending/buddying) ///, , , , ,, / / , , , , .: (, , , ) 19. 19(, , ,), , , (.. , ) , , , , , , : ,, , , 3.2 , . , ., 20. 20, , :/( ), /, ., , , .3.3 , , ., , /:, , , , ., ,., , , . 21. 21:: , , : , , , , , . : , , ; , , , . : . , , , . / . , , , , , , . , ., ,, . , , , . , , , . , , ., , ,. , . 22. 22 , . , ,, ., , , . , .., . .. , , : , . .. , . , , . . , . , , , ., , ,. . 23. 233.4 , /:, . , . , / , (. ) , , , , , .1.(): ! ! ;1: (): !2: (): ! !(): ! !;2.(): , . ;1: (): !2: (): ! ! , , 24. 24: . . ,. . .; , 3.4.1 - .;..;.;.., !, , .!, , .: ; : . ;...;, , . : . , : . ;. , 25. 25, ... ; : , . , ....;, , , .3.4.2 - , .(.. ).., ,(.. , )., , , , ., .3.4.3 . .. : ./.,(.. , , ). , . 26. 263.5 , , , , , /. :, . , / , , , ., . . , , , , (..)..... , ., , , ., , . 27. 273.6 , , , . , , , :1. () (No-Blame or Social Group Method)2. (Method of Shared Concern)3. (Restorative Justice)(, ) (), .. , , , .: , -(Conflict Resolution) (Peer Mediation). , ., , , , , . . 28. 283.6.1 , (Maines &Robinson, 1992, 2008) 90, (Young, 1998). (Smith et al, 2007)., , /.:1. 2. 3. . , , .: : , : , , . . . . , , . , , . ,. , .:; ;;/; (, /;)/ ; ().:. , .1 29. 292 . /, (.. , , ). (.. -),. , . .. ;,.. , .. , ., , ,, , . , . , .3 . .: , , . /........./, , .: ; ;, . 30. 30 : . , ., , .4 , . , , , . , , , .5 ,. , . , () () , ., . , . ., . , .. /, , , , , . 31. 31, , , , .: , , , .... , . , () :-() ;-() ;-() !-() , ......, , , ., , . , , , . , , . 32. 326 . , . .:/....................................................:.............................................................................................., , . , .7 , , . , . . . , , , ., . , /. 33. 333.6.2 , 1989. (Smith & Sharp,1994; Pikas, 2002; Rigby, 2005). ::1: , , , .2: , , . . . , (;), .3: , . . .4: , . : /....;. , .5: , , ., . , . , . 34. 34:, . , , , ., , . , . , ., , , , , . , .3.6.3 (Braithwaite, 1989) (Moore & Forsythe, 1995) , 1993. , ,/. (Bowles, Garcia Reyes & Pradiptyo, 2005; Burssens, & Vettenburg, 2006) ., ( ), , ,. ., , . 35. 35 : , . -: . , , , , . . (.. , ,, , , ). , . , ., , ,, ,.:: , , . , . , , . 36. 36, .:, , / . , ,, ., . , ,, , ,.. 37. 37:Australian Bullying. 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(1998). . . : .Olweus, D. (2009). . : .Rigby, K. (2008). : . : .--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Bowles, R. A., Garcia Reyes M., & Pradiptyo R. (2005). Monitoring and evaluation thesafer school partnerships programme. London: Youth Justice Board for England andWales.Braithwaite, J. (1989). Crime, Shame and Reintegration. Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press.Burssens, D., & Vettenburg, N. (2006). Restorative group conferencing at school: Aconstructive response to serious incidents. Journal of School Violence, 5, 517.Cowie, H., & Jennifer, D. (2008). New perspectives on bullying. London: Open UniversityPress.Hopkins, B. (2004). Just Schools: A Whole School Approach to Restorative Justice.London, New York: Jessica Kingsley.Maines, B. & Robinson, G. (1992). The No Blame Approach (video and training booklet).Bristol, UK: Lucky Duck Publishing.Maines, B. & Robinson, G. (2008). Bullying: The Support Group Method Training Pack. ALucky Duck Book. London: Paul Chapman.Moore, D. & Forsythe, L. (1995). A New Approach to Juvenile Justice: An Evaluation ofFamily Conferencing in Wagga Wagga. New South Wales: Charles Sturt University.Olweus, D. (1978). Aggression in the schools: Bullies and whipping boys. Washington,DC: Hemisphere. 39. 39Olweus, D. (1986). The Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire. Mimeo. Bergen, Norway:Research Center for Health Promotion, University of Bergen.Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.Olweus, D., & Limber, S. P. (2007). Olweus Bullying Prevention Program Teacher Guide.Center City, MN: Hazelden.Pikas, A. (1989). The common concern method for the treatment of mobbing. In E. Roland& E. Munthe (eds) Bullying: An International Perspective. London: David Fulton.Pikas, A. (2002). New developments of the shared concern method. School PsychologyInternational, 23(3): 307326.Rigby, K. (2005). The method of shared concern as an intervention technique to addressbullying in schools: an overview and appraisal. Australian Journal of Counselling andGuidance, 15, 2734.Smith, P. K, Howard, S., & Thompson, F. (2007). Use of the support group method totackle bullying, and evaluation from schools and local authorities in England. PastoralCare, 25(2), 413.Smith, P.K. & Sharp, S. (eds) (1994). School Bullying: Insights and Perspectives. London:Routledge.Smith, P. K., Pepler, D., & Rigby, K. (2004). Bullying in schools: How successful caninterventions be? Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Sullivan, K., Cleary, M., & Sullivan, G. (2004). Bullying in Secondary Schools. London:Paul Chapman.Young, S. (1998). The Support Group Approach to Bullying in Schools. EducationalPsychology in Practice, 14(1): 3239. 40. 40