SSS -King John and the Magna Carta

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This presentation is for D/hh students at ALHS.

Transcript of SSS -King John and the Magna Carta

  • 1. King John and the

2. http://www.wraysbury.net/history.htm
3. http://www.wraysbury.net/history.htm
Who is this man?Why isnt he smiling?
4. Monarchy
5. Monarchy
mono = one
archa = leader
6. Monarchy
mono = one
archa = leader
7.
8. Democracy
9. Democracy
Demos =people
cracy=power
10. Democracy
Demos =people
cracy=power
11. http://www.zippycreativeservices.com.au/images/blank-world-map2.jpg
12. http://www.zippycreativeservices.com.au/images/blank-world-map2.jpg
Europe
13. Europe
http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png
14. Europe
http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png
Democracy started here, in the ancient city of Athens, Greece,
about 2,500 years ago,
around 500 B.C.
15. http://www1.curriculum.edu.au/ddunits/units/ls1fq3acts.htm
16. http://greece.mrdonn.org/athens1.gif
17. http://greece.mrdonn.org/athens1.gif
All citizens in Athens wrote the laws in a direct democracy.
18. Only some people were citizens.
Women
Slaves
People born outside of Athens
Children
Deaf people
Youcannot vote.
19. Europe
http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png
Later, ancient Romans used democracy in their government.
20. http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH106.jpg
The Roman Empire was too big for a direct democracy.
Romans voted for representatives to meet in Rome and write laws.
21. http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH106.jpg
The Roman Empire was too big for a direct democracy.
Romans voted for representatives to meet in Rome and write laws.
22. http://www.sbceo.k12.ca.us/~vms/carlton/Rome/Rome_Reading_1.htmlLawmakers came from all over the Roman empire.
23. Lawmakers in Rome were called Senators.
24. http://www.utexas.edu/courses/lat311moore/LAT311images/lat311images2/senate.jpgA meeting of the Roman Senate
25. Europe
http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png
Englands government was a monarchy.
26. http://www.emersonkent.com/map_archive/england_878.htm
27. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/John_of_England
King John lived in England from 1166 -1216 A.D.
28. http://www.lincolnshire.gov.uk/section.asp?catid=9467&docid=44722
John ruled England beginning in 1199.
29. http://plainview.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/robin_hood_memorial.jpgHave you heard of Robin Hood?
30. http://www.lincolnshire.gov.uk/section.asp?catid=9467&docid=44722
King John is famous as the cruel king from the Robin Hood stories.
31. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:King_John_from_De_Rege_Johanne.jpg
People remember King John as a mean, foolish leader.
He put his mother in jail and tried to steal power from his brother
32. People called him bad King John.
33. John was a bad leaderor maybe he just had bad luck. He had many problems.
http://students.umf.maine.edu/~majoraj/magnacartawebquest/
34. http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/e7567kingjohnwl.jpg
That is my decision, not yours!
I want to choose the new leader for the church in Canterbury.
Problem #1:
King John and the pope fought about who controlled the church.
35. http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/e7567kingjohnwl.jpg
You do not obey the church leaders!! King John, you are excommunicated!
I#$%@!!!
Problem #1:
King John and the pope fought about who controlled the church.
36. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:King_John_from_De_Rege_Johanne.jpg
Problem #2:
He fought wars with France for many years.
He never won. King John lost a lot of land.
37. http://www.bl.uk/treasures/magnacarta/people/barons.html
Problem #3:
King John borrowed a lot of money to pay for the wars.
Now he had to pay back the money.
38. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/MEDjohn.htm
I am broke!
How can I pay back the money?
39. Solution: The king could force his barons to pay taxes.
40. Solution: The king could force his barons to pay taxes.
Shields of the Barons
41. Solution: The king could force his barons to pay taxes.
Shields of the Barons
42. http://www.peerage.org/genealogy/gelre_england_s.jpg
The kings new tax laws were not fair.
The barons were fed up with the king.
43. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg
The baronssecretly prepared a legal document called the Magna Carta.
44. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Runnymede-meadow-eghamend.jpg
The barons asked the king to attend a meeting in the country
near thetown of Runneymede.
45. The barons showed King John the Magna Carta.
46. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/MEDjohn.htm
I wont sign the Magna Carta! If I do, I will lose a lot of power!
47. If King John refused to sign, the barons would refuse to support him.
Shields of the Barons
48. Now, King John had a new problem:He needed the barons support.Without their help, King John would lose more wars.England would become a weak nation.
49. http://orgs.bsc.edu/libref/king%20john%20magna%20carta.jpg
The barons forced him to sign it.
50. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/19609/19609-h/images/plateI.jpg
51. http://www.lucente.org/blog/media/1/20090614-Joao_sem_terra_assina_carta_Magna.jpg
52. Why was King John angry?How did he lose power?http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Society/Pix/pictures/2009/06/29/story-6-main.jpg
53. http://www.timetrek.org/8th.htm
What was in the Magna Carta?
Written in Latin
54. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg
The Magna Carta was a list of rights for all people.
55. http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg
There were four topics in the Magna Carta.
56. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg
Topic #1:
The Magna Carta said that the King must follow rules when he made new laws about taxes and anything else.
57. http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg
Topic #2:
The Magna Carta said that soldiers musthave good reasons before searching or arresting people.
58. http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/S932BCOURTCOMMONPLEASwl.jpg
Topic #3:The Magna Carta said that everyone must obey decisions made by judges.
59. http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg
Topic #4:
It also said that the king must not interfere with church business.
60. http://bibliodyssey.blogspot.com/2007/02/comic-history-of-england.html
The king did not like these laws, but he had no choice.
61. http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/E0722magnacartasigningwl.jpg
He needed the barons support.
So King John signed his name on the
Magna Carta.
62. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg
63. http://static.newworldencyclopedia.org/c/c2/Sealjohn.JPG
King Johns seal.
64. http://yeomenoftheguard.com/john14.jpg
65. http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg
King John signed the Magna Carta in 1215.
Why is the Magna Carta important today in the 21st century?
66. http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg
The ideas in Magna Carta influenced fair governmentlaws in Great Britain.
67. http://www.wku.edu/Library/dlps/gdoc_pix/We_The_People.jpe
The ideas in Magna Carta influenced the United States Constitution, the government laws for the United States.
68. http://www.supremecourtus.gov/images/photo5.jpg
If you visit the Supreme Court building in Washington,D.C., you can see a picture of King John signing the Magna Carta on the doors.
69. http://www.supremecourtus.gov/images/photo5.jpg
.
If you visit the Supreme Court building in Washington,D.C., you can see a picture of King John signing the Magna Carta on the doors.
70. One of the barons
King John
http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?id=737
71. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Image:John_effigy%28tomb%29.jpg
Not long after he signed the Magna Carta, King John became very sick.
72. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Image:King_John%27s_tomb.jpg
He died in 1216.
73. Question: Why does King John look different in these pictures?
Answer: Nobody knows what he looked like!All of this art work is imaginative.