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November 2001 HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES Marc DEBRUYNE Master Expert Traction Systems

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Page 1: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

November 2001

HIGH POWER IGBTTRACTION DRIVES

Marc DEBRUYNEMaster Expert Traction Systems

Page 2: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

500

χNIX Converter range

1000

2000

4000

100 200 500 1000 1500

Onix 350

Converter Power (kW)

Co

nve

rter

Vo

ltag

e (V

)

BusBus TrolleyTrolley TramTram MetroMetro EMUEMU HSTHST LocoLoco

ONIX 800

ONIX 1500

ONIX 3000

Page 3: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

High power IGBT drive functions

Assure a safe switching

Power electronics

Input capacitorsInput capacitors

Laminated bus barsLaminated bus bars

Decoupling Decoupling capacitorscapacitors

Gate drives

didi//dt dt controlcontrol

Vce Vce clampingclamping

Protect the traction drive

IGBT monitoringIGBT monitoring

Short circuit detectionShort circuit detection

Functionality Sub-assemblySolution

Vge Vge clampingclamping

Page 4: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

Semiconductor evolution

19851985 19901990 19951995 20002000 20052005

1,7kV-2x800A1,7kV-2x800A

3,3kV- 1200A3,3kV- 1200A

GTOGTO 4,5kV-4000A4,5kV-4000A

4,5kV-1200A4,5kV-1200A

6,5kV-600A6,5kV-600A

1,6kV-1200A1,6kV-1200A

IGBTIGBT

Page 5: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

Some high power IGBTs

FUJIFUJIPPIPPI

1200A-4,5kV1200A-4,5kV

TOSHIBATOSHIBAPPIPPI

1200A-4,5kV1200A-4,5kV

EUPECEUPECModuleModule

1200A-3,3kV1200A-3,3kV

EUPECEUPECModuleModule

600A-6,5kV600A-6,5kV

Page 6: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

PALIX Module Range

Water cooled power modules Water cooled power modules for the PRIMA locomotive rangefor the PRIMA locomotive rangeand Diesel electric locomotivesand Diesel electric locomotives

Page 7: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

PALIX isometric view

Water plate

IGBT module

Laminated bus bar

Decoupling capacitors

Gate drivesDischarge resistors

Input voltage: up to 2000VInput voltage: up to 2000VPower: 1200kWPower: 1200kWGlycoled Glycoled water coolingwater cooling

Page 8: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

Hydraulic coupler

Palix Module

Laminated bus bar

Gate drive compartment

Page 9: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

AEM7 locomotive refurbishmentFirst IGBT series locomotive in the world

•ASEA traction drives•Service in 1981•DC motors•Thyristor rectifiers•Oil cooling•Fleet: 53 locomotives

•ALSTOM traction drives•Service in Feb 2000•AC motors•ONIX IGBT inverters•Water cooling•Fleet: 30 locomotives

Page 10: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

AEM7 Main Characteristics

� Customer: AMTRAK (US)� Order: 30 locomotives� Service: Feb 2000

Boston-Washington� Type: AEM7� Contract: Refurbishment with

IGBT AC drives� Supply: 25 kV-60Hz

12,5kV-60Hz12 kV-25Hz

� Power: ~ 6000kW input5000kW traction4326kW regeneration2290kW rheostatic1375kVA auxiliaries

� Effort: 230kN @ 70kmh� Max speed: 125mph (~ 200kmh)� Bogie: BoBo

� Power scheme: 4 AC traction drives4 PMCFs intercaled4 motor inverters1 auxiliary inverter4 rheo choppers

� Semiconductors: IGBT 3,3kV-1200A� Converter cooling: Glycoled water� Power modules: χNIX 1500-PALIX� Control: AGATE Control� Motor: 1250 kW

15780 Nm at starting1985rpm @125mph

� Transformer: 7326 KVA4 x 1050VTap changer13,2 T

� Mass: 91T

Page 11: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

AEM7 Simplified power scheme

ASM1

ASM2

ASM3

ASM4

480V-60Hz1375KVA

12,5 & 25kV-60Hz12kV - 25Hz

Page 12: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

AEM7 Amtrak LocomotiveTraction Central Block

Page 13: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

Syria Diesel Electric Locomotive

DEL CoCo 3200 HP 120km/h

Page 14: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

Syria Diesel Electric LocomotivePower architecture

MainAlternator

Diesel Engine

Rectifier

ASM

ASM

ASMINVERTER 1

Rheo Chopper

ASM

ASM

ASM

INVERTER 2

Rheo Chopper

Page 15: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

Syria Diesel Electric LocomotivePALIX IGBT Inverters

InverterInverter

RheoRheoChopperChopper

Page 16: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

BB427001 Freight Locomotive

Page 17: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

BB427000 Effort-Speed

Speed (km/h)

Effort (kN)

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140

Rheostatic or regenerative braking

Starting effort: 320kNMax speed: 140km/hTractive power: 4200kWBraking power: 2600kWWeight :90t

Page 18: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

DJ(C)

DJ(M)

}X 3

H(O-M)

=~

380 V 50Hz

M1

CVS-AUX

PMCF 3kV

PMCF & RH Inverter

25 kV-50Hz25 kV-50Hz15 kV- 16Hz 2/315 kV- 16Hz 2/3

3000 V DC3000 V DC1500 V DC1500 V DC

PRIMA range: 4U power scheme

Page 19: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

BB427000: motor block for 2 axles

Page 20: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

High power ONIX traction drivesReferences

DEL/ELDEL/EL TypeType CustomerCustomer PowerPower SupplySupply SpeedSpeed QuantityQuantity DeliveryDelivery

Loc AD32C Syria Railways 2370kW Diesel 120km/h 30 1999

Loc AEM7 Amtrak U.S 6000kW 12,5 & 25kV-60Hz12kV-25Hz 200km/h 30 1999

Loc AD27C Sri Lanka 1900kW Diesel 110km/h 10 2000

Loc AD43C Iran Railways 2877kW Diesel 140km/h 100 2001

Motor car

Fossil fuel Bombardier 3700kW Turbine 240km/h 1 2000

Loc 427000 SNCF 4200kW 25kV-50Hz1500V 140km/h 415 2001/2008

25kV-50Hz1500 & 3000VLoc 437500 SNCF 4200kW 140kmh 31 2003/2008

Loc NJTNew JerseyTransit U.S

2600kW Diesel 160km/h 33 2003

Loc 437000 SNCF 4200kW 140km/h 54 2002/200825kV-50Hz

15kV-16,7Hz1500V

Loc DELEgyptian Railways

700kW Diesel 80km/h 30 2003

Page 21: HIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES - Railway · PDF fileHIGH POWER IGBT TRACTION DRIVES ... and Diesel electric locomotives. PALIX isometric view ... 4 AC traction drives 4 PMCFs intercaled

BB427002 locomotive on track test

Thank you for your attentionThank you for your attention