Walt Whitman: ένας ισχυρός πρόγονος του Ανδρέα...

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Transcript of Walt Whitman: ένας ισχυρός πρόγονος του Ανδρέα...

  • Walt Whitman:

    ,1 , , . 2

    : , , , . 3 0 , - , . , , , , , . , , 19 :

    - , - , , . , - . , . , 19 - ! ; ; , . ,

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • WALT WHITMAN: TOY 8

    : "Walt Whitman, a Kosmos, of Manhattan the son... "4.

    5 , 6 , , . , . , , . , - , , One's Self I sing, : ...

    One's Self I sing, a simple separate person, Yet utter the word Democratic, the word En-Masse Of physiology from top to toe I sing, Not physiognomy alone nor brain alone is worthy for the Muse, I say the Form complete is worthier far, The female equally with the Male I sing. Of Life immense in passion, pulse, and power, Cheerful, for freest action form'd under the laws divine, The Modern Man I sing7.

    0 --, , . , , . - , : [ ] , Walt Whitman. . , , , . 8

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • 82

    : 19 , . , .

    , 1892 73 , . . , , . : , , , , , .

    , 19 . , - , , . , , . . , , :

    - , , , -

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • WALT WHITMAN: TOY 83

    ' , .9

    , , , . 1 0

    , ,

    11, : 1 2 . 1 3 , .

    , , 1936 . '30:

    , , , ' . , , .14

    , . 1909, , .1 5 , , . , - , - -

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • 84

    .16 ( , , .) . . , , , .17

    CC r 11 it ' 91

    , , , , -, , -, : .

    , - , . , . 19 , 18, . , , , : , , .19

    . : . -, Paumanok ,

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • WALT WHITMAN: TOY 85

    : , . 2 0 , : ,21 .

    0 : 1855. : ... ... 22. 0 , , . , , , . , 1944, , , 23 . , , . , - Song of Myself " " .24

    I celebrate myself, and sing myself, And what I assume you shall assume, For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.

    To " " . . 24 Song of Myself " " , Walt Whitman, a kosmos, of Manhattan the son, , " " Walt Whitman. " " , , .25

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • 86

    " " . , , . , .

    , , .2 6 , - , - , , , , . 0 , , 2 7 . , , , , . - - , . , , .2 8

    ,

    '60 . Beat . - - : , .29 On the road , Song of the open road.30

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • WALT WHITMAN: TOY 87

    , , , :

    , , ;.31

    . , , , .3 2 , :

    , - - ' , , , ' .

    Beat, Beat, beatitude and love and glory, :

    [...] [ ] , , Walt Whitman .

    .

    ,

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • 88

    . , , , , , , , . 'fclausal structure" 'fclausal prosody" , , .33 , , .

    . . , , , .34 , , . , , , , .35

    - . . G. W. Allen , , "" ... .36

    (1945), -: -, ( ) .37

    , , ,

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • WALT WHITMAN: TOY 8g

    , . , 3 8, , -, , . In Cambind Ships at Sea ocean' s poem"3 9:

    Speed on my book! Spread your white sails my little bark athwart the imperious waves, /

    Chant on, sail on, bear o'er the boundless blue from me

    to every sea, [...]

    ! , !, , . Poem of Joys, :

    0 for the sunshine and motion of waves in a poem! 0 to be on the sea! the wind, the wide waters around; to sail in a ship under full sail at sea.40

    (1945) , (1984), -. 0 -4 1 (1960), , . , 4 2, . , , , - .

    ' erectus

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • go

    [...] ^ .43

    0 - , 4 4 , Starting from Paumanok:

    Land of coal and iron! land of gold! land of cotton, sugar, rice! Land of wheat, beef, pork! land of wool and hemp! land of the apple and the grape! [...]/ Land of ocean shores! land of sierras and peaks!45

    , -- . , .

    , - , , Walt Whitman.4 6 , . 0 , , , . , , , , . , . . .47 , 1875 , -

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • WALT WHITMAN: TOY g

    . , , , . , :

    - , , , ' ;48

    , , . ; , ,4 9 ; , ; . : , , .5 0 , , , ; , .

    * , : , , 28-30 2001, , 100 . . ( .)

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • 92

    epiphany . James Joyce, Stephen Hero, . Theodore Spencer, . John J. Slocum Herbert Cartoon, Norfolk, CN: New Directions, 1963, . 211, : , . "" . . . Reichert, " The European background of Joyce's writing" James Joyce, Cambridge University Press, 1990, 60 Vicki Mahaffey, "Joyce's Shorter Works',' , . 190-192. , , , - , , .

    . -, , -, 1984, . 72- 75, , , , 17-18(1985), . 649-650, , . , , 1997, . 222-230.

    3 , , /: (lapsus) . , Joyce quidditas , .

    4 . , , , ', 5, . 164, . . , .

    5 , , 160-169.

    6 -- , , 1980 (2), . 49. : , , , 1988, . 38-59. . , - . , , . 18 (1996), . 46-50.

    7 , . 164-5.

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • WALT WHITMAN: TOY g 3

    Inscriptions [] (1891-1892) . . Walt Whitman, The complete Poems, ed. By Francis Murphy, Penguin Classics, New York, (3) 1985, . 37. "I hear America singing" Salut au Monde (. , . 168).

    8 . . Routh L. Boam, "I sing the Body Electric: Isadora Duncan, Whitman, and the Dance" The Cambridge Companion to Walt Whitman, . Ezra Greenspan, Cambridge University Press, 1995, . 166-193.

    9 , , , . 147. , , .

    10 ' . . R. Jauss, Pour une esthtique de la rception, Gallimard, 1978, . 250-257.

    11 . , , , 1980, . 36.

    12 . . Guy (Michel) Saunier, , , , , . 17-18.

    13 . Calamus, "I Saw in Louiziana a Live-Oak Growing" Walt Whitman, The complete poems, . 159.

    14 , Walt Whit

    man, , .-. 1936, . 737- 739. Walt Whitman, , , 1956, -.

    15 , , , 1909, . 67, : . 1 [ ;], 2 [ ' , ' ...]. , . , 4. 1. 1902. "

    16 . , Walt Whitman, , , 2001, . 923 -933.

    17 . Jauss, Pour une esthtique de la rception, Gallimard, 1978, . 247, (Wirkung) (Rezeption) : " " ( Gadamer, )

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • 94

    .

    18 . , , . , -, (. ), , 1986, . 83. , . Edwin Haviland Miller, Singing the phallus, Walt Whitman's poetry, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, pp 115-139.

    19 , , , (2)1980, . 54.

    20 Starting from Paumanok - .

    21 . , " " , , . 92 ( 2001), . 45-47.

    22 Walt Whitman, The complete Poems, ed. By Francis Murphy, Penguin Classics, New York, (3) 1985, . 741 742-743.

    23 , .

    24 . G. W. Allen, The new Walt Whitman Handbook, New York University Press, 1986, . 241-242.

    25 . G. Clarke, Walt Whitman: The Poem as Private History, Vision Press, . 80 G. W. Allen, The new Walt Whitman Handbook, New York University Press, 1986, . 242-243.

    26 . Sun of Real Peace, The complete poems, .., . 614-615.

    27 , , [transcendentalists]. .

    28 , . . Katerina Baitinger, Walt Whitman and Odysseus Elytis: a post-stucturalism comparison (- ), , 1997.

    29 , , - -, - , .

    30 . , , . . , , 1983, . . (. 169-171).

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • WALT WHITMAN: TOY

    31 . , , . , , (2)1990, . 34-35.

    32 , . . . , . , , 1989.

    33 . G. W. Allen, Form and structure, A reader's Guide to Walt Whitman, Syracuse University Press, New , 1997 (1970), . 166-173.

    34 . T. Todorov, Thories du symbole, Seuil, 1977, . 200-206, "La crise romantique".

    35 G. W. Allen, The new Walt Whitman Handbook, New York University Press, 1986, . 230-231. Allen Coleridge : ' , , , .

    36 . G. W. Allen, The new Walt Whitman Handbook, New York University Press, 1986, 215. 0 Allen , , .

    37 . , .., . 80.

    38 , , ,

    . . Gay Wilson Allen, The Foreground, , . 27.

    39 Walt Whitman, .., . 38. { , . 191), .

    40 Walt Whitman, Selected Poems (1855-1892), A New Edition, Edited by Garry Schmidgall, Stonewall Inn Editions, New York, 2000, . 201. . 1860. 1891-1892, , poem song. . "A song of Joys" Walt Whitman, [1986], .., . 206.

    41 . [...] , , , , (2)1980, . 29.

    42 . 1855, Walt Whitman, Selected Poems (1855-1892), A New Edition, Edited by Garry Schmidgall, .., . 7, : Past and present and future are not disjoined but joined. ., , Cliffs Notes on Whitman's Leaves of Grass, by V. A. Shahane, Lincoln, Nebraska, 2000, . 71.

    43 , , , 1984, . 131.

    44 , . 100. 45 Walt Whitman, The complete Poems,

    .., . 59. [ ! !]

    / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)

  • 9 6

    46 . .

    . , . 253.

    5000 ( , . 251) 19 . . , , -, . 6(1998/9), . 142-151, , - : ,

    . , . 358, 1995, . 184-194. . , .., . 94. . , . 94, : : ; , , ; [...] , , , . , . 105.

    Rsum

    Christina Dounia Walt Whitman: un maillon fort de la ligne potique de A. Empirikos

    L 'tude comparative de l'uvre de deux potes vise identifier les thmes communs ainsi que l'influence exerce par Walt Whitman sur A. Empirikos. Le panthisme, la libert sexuelle, le style et la parole potique marque par l'accueil d'expressions surannes, la potique des catalogues, le vers paragraphe constituent autant des points communs qui rapprochent les deux potes et permettent d'tablir une ligne potique reliant le second au premier. La rception de la posie et de la potique de Whitman par A. Sikelianos et les surralistes grecs, ainsi que sa redcouverte par la gnration beat dans les annes '60 aux Etats Unis, constituent un autre fil conducteur qui relie Empiricos W. Whitman et la littrature amricaine du 19e sicle.

    m / COMPARAISON 15 (2004)