Project complete

download Project complete

of 52

  • date post

    18-Nov-2014
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    1.629
  • download

    3

Embed Size (px)

description

 

Transcript of Project complete

  • 1.

2. 0 3. : = 1 V = 5 X = 10 L = 50 C= 100 D = 500 M=1000 : VI=5+1=6 : IV=5-1=4 H . 4. :10-60 60 (6 5. 1 999 6. 9.999 , . , . 7. 8. I 8 V||| 9. TO A - 10. . 3 . .. 0. 11. . 12. ( ) 10 . .. . . 13. ABAKA 14. (, ). " ". " " 15. ? . . 16. 17. (, 120..,) , 2 2002 18. , , . . , 5-6 . . . , . . 13 14 . 19. -- - 1890 . key punch 20. .::. . , 21. , 1 0 22. 2 -(0-5 Volt) 1 (bit) 2 1 . 2 22 . 3 23 . 2 . bit: (nibble) = ( 2 2 ) Byte () = ( 23 ) Kilobyte - Byte (KB) = 1024 (210) Bytes Megabyte - MByte (MB) = 220 Bytes Gigabyte - GByte (GB) = 230 Bytes Terabyte - TByte (TB) = 240 Bytes 23. site: http://users.sch.gr/ge oista/DomiHotPot/Do mi2.htm 0+0=0 0+1=1 1+0=1 1 + 1 = 0, 1 1 + 1 + 1 = 1 1 24. (121) 01111001 (107) 01101011 + (228) 11100100 25. 26. 0-0=0 1-0=1 1-1=0 0-1=1 1 27. 121 107 : (121) 01111001 (107) 01101011 (014) 00001110 ,. . 28. 29. / 00=0 01=0 10=0 11=1 0+0=0 0+1=1 1+0=1 1 + 1 = 1 0 (=0, =1) 1 + 1 + 1 = 1 1 (=1, =1) 30. 10001011 00010011 --------------------10001011 10001011 00000000 00000000 + 10001011 ---------------------------------101001010001 31. 1 0 1 1 0, . 7 0000 0111 11111000 : 0000 0000 ( "" ) 1111 1111 ( "" ) 2 1 7 00000111 111110001 32. (13)1013 -23 x1 5 -22 x1 1 -21 x0 1 -20 x1 0 33. 101010 : : 0 010101 , 0. 0x1=0 1x2=2 0x4=0 1x8=8 0x16=0 1x32=32 0+2+0+8+0+32=42 34. 35. ? 16. , 16 . , 16, 16*16=256, , (, , ...) 36. , 16 . , 0 9 . 10 15, 6 : A, B , C, D, E, F. , (79)10 (79, 10) (4F)16 (4F, 16), : 37. 38. 16. , B6C1, : 6C1=Bx163+6x162+Cx16+1 6C1=11x4096+6x256+12x16+1 6C1=45056+1536+192+1 39. . 16. : 71D(16) = 7162+1161+D160 To D 13, ... =7162+1161+13160 16 160=1 161=16016=116=16 162=16116=1616=256 ... 71D(16)= .... = 7256+116+131=1792+16+13=1821 40. ( ) 16. 16 0. 0 15 . 10 15 D . 41. 1821:16 113 13 113:16 7 1 1:16 0 7 7 1 13. 13 D. 71D(16). 42. Y 43. : : - : 44. : , , . : : bytes . 45. : . 4 : (fetch), (decode), (execute), (store/writeback). , . , . . , . 46. : . bit. , /. , byte . . bit, bit (nibble), bit (byte) 16 bi (word). Byte: . 1 byte: 28 , 8 bit. bit byte 0-7 byte . bit (word) 216, 65.536, . bit byte 47. . 3 : : . , : : . bit : , 48. 49. 50. 51. : USB , CD ROM, RAM