Kalymnos! its beauties and culture offer!

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Visit our town Kalymnos! Our e-tourist Guide!
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An e-guide about our island as the first part of our etwinning project "Knitting our common european future with the threads of our national culture! It's created by the students of 2nd Junior High School of Kalymnos.

Transcript of Kalymnos! its beauties and culture offer!

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  • Beauties of ourtown - It's cultureoffer to Europe!

  • Cultural Center "Ae Mousae"

    By Chryopigi

    source: Kalymnoskopio journal of 2nd Junior High School of Kalymnos, March 2005

    Cultural Center "Ae Mousae

    alymnos during its history, was not only the island of sponge and intellectuals and artists. result of remarkable intellectual activity of the island is the foundation of cultural center ANAGNOSTIRIO "AE MOUSAE" in 1904, during the Turkish occupation. Purpose in accordance with what is stated in articles of association, "to stimulate the intellectual life and raising educational and cultural level of our people with based on the "traditions. The reading room was housed in the main building waterfront in Pothia, functioned as a meeting place, information and entertainment. It had a library with 3,000 volumes and theatrical scene, while decorated with paintings of great artists paintings.

    It expressed better than any other institution the ethos and style of Kalymnos intelligentsia and from here started every thinking and judgment for rebellion and resistance against first the Turks and then the Italians conquerors. Indeed, because of the patriotic action, the Italians tried either to weaken or neutralize until 1936 the closed and destroyed the library and assets.

  • Through the incorporation of the Dodecanese into the Greek state in 1948 began a period of reconstruction of the island, when the Reading reopened - albeit with many fewer existing - until the years the years of dictatorship, so convinced idle and indeed the whole intellectual movement of our country. In 1978 it was worked again entering a new path. Today, managed by a 11- member council,

    which is elected every two years by direct vote, and resources come from the subscriptions

    of members, donations of friends and the municipality and from the sale of books, though

    most books are donated. It is housed in a building erected by the Municipality of Kalymnos

    at the old Reading Room and building a remarkable intellectual is a real cradle of civilization,

    a core action and creating a full array of social events on the island. The multifarious spiritual

    movement is the result of fruitful and harmonious cooperation of those who serve, always

    quietly and modestly worth mentioning. Partners of writing books for Kalymnos, issued at

    the expense of Reading, and every year publishes the volume "Kalymnos Chronicles" issues

    mainly philological, folklore, historical, archaeological, literary.

    The library has approximately 10,000 volumes available for study. In the area of organized

    workshops, lectures, poetry evenings, theater performances, art exhibitions Kalymnian, view

    folklore. Generally, making events that stand out for prestige and their severity, of which are

    worth mentioning in honor of the leader of the Dodecanese freedom Skevou Zervou with

    the honor of the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew. It also collaborates with other cultural

    associations and invites notable intellectuals for cultural upgrading of the inhabitants. On

    national holidays gives an impressive moment organizing celebrations separate luminance

    lined with theatrical and musical events. " " Cultural Center "Ae

    Mousae canvas"

    It keeps records of Elders of Kalymnos, which endeavor to utilize, and gathers the folk

    language treasure island. Its members participate every two years to proposals on cultural

    symposiums of the House of Letters and Arts of Dodecanese. It is worth to mention the

    excellent organization of the Third Cultural Symposium of Reading, which particularly

    highlighted the island's cultural movement. Finally, since 1983 it carries - sponsored by our

    compatriot - an annual painting contest among students of the sixth grade of all primary

    schools of the island and the best projects are awarded and decorate the hall of the Reading

    Room. For overall contribution has been awarded by the Academy of Athens, the Church

    and the Municipality of Kalymnos.

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  • Unique corners of our town

    Archaeological Museum of Kalymnos

    By Chrysopigi R.

    Kalymnos is an island near the Carian Coast (Asia Minor). This island

    has been inhabited since the Neolithic Age by the Carians. Kalymnos

    has found the Carian Writing.

    The Archaeological Museum of Kalymnos is at the capital of the island.

    In the lobby of the Museums chief archaeologist Koutellas Michael

    made a brief introduction that informed the visitors, us, about the

    long history of Kalymnos spanning a period from the Neolithic Age

    5000p.X to Turkish Holding, i.e. 7,500 years!

    In the first room of the museum are finds from the Neolithic to the

    Mycenaean period (5300 1180/1065 BCC.) from the excavations in

    the caves of Kalymnos Santa Barbara Teachers and Choiromantres.

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  • Exposed obsidian tools (calcareous material), used by people of the

    Neolithic era, knives and needles, pots, crockery exhibit the most

    important Minoan bronze worshiper who has his hand on the

    forehead. Displayed particularly large marble Cycladic idol.

    There are features exhibits from Milos, two of the Cyclades, which was

    marketed as a vase of Troy from the Neolithic era and a lamp of the

    Minoan era (Neolithic and Bronze Age) from the Cave Daskalio of

    Kalymnos. Also exhibited tools from animal bones, clay pots put wine

    (Neolithic) and sacred vessels, also Mycenaean vases found at Troy and

    Cyclades.

    The next room down has statues of important religious and political

    center of ancient Kalymnos, the Temple of Dali (Delion, the Dorians

    used a instant of e) Apollo, who was the protector of Kalymnos and

    indicates that the large number of offerings found. Sanctuary was a

    large space dedicated to the worship the Gods, and was dedicated to

    the worship and politics. In sacred spaces were specially modified with

    the offerings, statues, vases etc. Those who had no money for making

    sacrifices many animals to ask for something orthank him for what he

    got, he madesmall figurines gift in the form of animals. Humble,

    however, these tributes endured over time and made famous the poor

    who devoted. Many belong to the Geometric period, a time of Homer

    (8th century p.C). Some have Greek letters on it. The Greeks took the

    Phoenician alphabet had only consonants, found the use of vowels and

    invented the alphabet(8th century p.C.) we use today. In Mycenaean

    times, later, the island was conquered and occupied by the Dorians

    who came from Epidaurus.

    Homer responds with the name Kalydnai Islands (Iliad, raps. B, f 676-

    677: They had Nisyros island and Krapathon and Clon and Kos a

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  • very large big city, and Kalydnos islands (= with good drinking water).

    Indeed,together with the surrounding islands (Kalymnos, Pserimos

    Leros (maybe) along with Nisyros, Karpathos, Kos and Kasos) took part

    in the war against Troy with force thirty ships under the leadership of

    Feidippos and Antiphon, sons of Thessaly) with information from the

    book by Michael J. Koutella, archaeologist, Kalymnos, History,

    Archaeology and Culture , Kalymnos 2006, pp.18.).

    A visit of 2nd Lyceum of Kalymnos to Bathys by the archaeologist mr.

    Michael Koutellas.

    At 1815 post Christ was abbot of the monastery Galatiani someone

    called father Makarios

    In the original oil pressure room there is a roller mill in which we can

    find in the hills in there to put the olives in a row and went to the

    press to compress.

    Because they could not have animals and necessarily alternated to

    move all that weight, took the olives and put them in a large wooden

    box, but in the early 20th century, it replaced with other objects. This

    stone was with olives and together they made a liquid drink.

    Then they put them in bags that were made of goat hair for leave to

    pass the juice and make the oil. So taking the bags with drink and

    fermented olives when they did this back and forth he went back and

    compress, but when it reached a point was not enough to force these

    people only hands to compress further, there were other people here

    who roamed this vertical axis and grew strength. ALL these are

    traditional items used in the old days to ease the lives of mankind.

    You can see the place and here in greek the same things we here

    describe to you.

    1. https://youtu.be/-v5xl2MchlU

    2. https://youtu.be/n0nCSao1J3Q

    3. https://youtu.be/GpZLedmr0vc

    4. https://youtu.be/P_oK_Wt-UXk

    5. https://youtu.be/HRSXUuROMwY

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  • Religion 7

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  • Religion, Kalymnos Greece, 2nd Junior High School of Kalymnos,

    THE CHURCH OF CHRIST IN KALYMNOS (by Irene Tsatarou)

    The church of Christ was built when it went from village residents

    of Kalymnos in 1865. In fact , the provision of Pothia houses built

    based on the location of this temple . As for the time it took to

    build was about 11-12 years .

    THE A & O observed in Figures represent THE BEGINNING AND THE

    END THAT GOD WILL ALWAYS EXISTS.

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  • UP TO ENTRY WITHIN THE CHURCH IS THIS PIGEON which

    symbolizes the Holy Spirit.

    This picture depicts the avon.

    FESTIVITIES OF THE TEMPLE

    Every year in the church of Christ the people celebrating the

    Epiphany , the M . Friday, November 13 celebrating St. John

    Chrysostom and 6 August celebrating the transformation

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  • Church of the Presentation of the Lord (Ypapanti), Pothia

    Kalymnos by Kokona and Irene

    In our small island, Kalymnos, at who prospered our

    ancestors, our grandparents and parents, the place where

    we live today, history is everywhere. The story, however, the

    island was written mainly in our churches. Deeply religious

    our sea people, raised majestic temples of divine worship,

    similar to spogue work, its delivery of his appeal to

    literature and the arts.

    This church is originally built before the Church of the

    Visitation, there was a small chapel dedicated to Saint

    George. In 1890 in the district of the hatch, the church of

    Saint George was extended and built the present Church of

    the Presentation of the Lord, named Ipapadi. The district

    hatch calls two separate Kalymnians young painters George

    Economou and Michael Alachouzos, who will narrate the

    magnificent marble temple and the entire church, with

    images of great artistic value. Even the Church of the

    Visitation is another important example of the art of the

    modern artist of our island, Antonis Karafyllakis. It is the

    "Presentation of the Lord" that we see across the entrance to

    a large size. But the Virgin of the Visitation were written and

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  • two separate important pages in the book of the newer

    church of our island.

    When first opened in 1894 in the church the new elected

    bishop of the Metropolis of Leros, Kalymnos and Astypalea

    Anthimos Tsatsos also addressed the church services:

    'Blessed Guild of sponge divers because from the first years

    of the establishment of the Church of the Visitation, as the

    district was sponge center. The feast of 2 February, was

    established as an official celebration dedicated to the

    sponge.

    As the years go by, in May 1912, the Italians occupied

    Dodecanese and installed as conquerors displacing the

    Turks.

    Quickly find the great fact, that the main basis of national

    consciousness of the people is closely interwoven from the

    depths of centuries, the Orthodox Eastern Church. This

    large obstacle to the design of Italians de-Hellenization of

    the islands trying to weaken and neutralize it.

    In Kalymnos the Metropolitan Apostolos is facing a hostile

    climate of clergy and people. On October 19 1934 the

    holyclergy of Kalymnos meet at the Church of the Visitation

    and "the Christian conscience and the fear of God," swears

    by the altar 'as follows:' denounces the Metropolitan and will

    only mention the patriarchal name, will carry sacred struggle

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  • until it found a sound solution from the Patriarchate. If one

    of the priests arrested by the authorities will close the

    churches and any ritual or sacrament will not be performed

    (The archimandrites Anthimos petals and Sophronius

    bosom, priests Ioannis Zografos and Savvas Cutter, Saint

    Savvas etc.).

    The work of the church in society. The church apart from the

    religious tasks and performs a social project. Develops

    volunteering at parish level in society. Trying to bring people

    closer to the church. Also, sick people who have no

    relatives, church visits.

    Even in poor families provide food and medicine or in

    othercases to students who need financial support provides

    student grants.

    Besides all this, the church today preserves cultural

    traditions and customs of the place.

    Finally, examples of all the priests and their acts we

    strengthen our morale, especially in front of the difficult

    times we are experiencing today.

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  • Religion Churches- Holy Mother of God named Virgin Hosti

    by Kapella Themelina and Mary Zairi (Chrysopigi brought us)

    Once upon a time, a night of Easter, many people have gone

    deep in the church of the Virgin Mary, located in the harbor

    of Rina. The priest chanted Christ is Risen. Everyone with

    their candles lit in the yard, happy and laughing does the

    sign of cross.

    Suddenly it was heard a loud voice e, e, e, Kyra Panagia,

    chosou (Virgin Mary, our lady, go deep in the earth). The

    voice came over from the chapel of Agia Irini which is up

    high in the mountains on the opposite side. And

    immediately, it was like the earth was opened and swallowed

    up the church along rammed with them were attending the

    holy function.

    What had happened? Those years had many pirates. They

    went everywhere, especially on small islands, unattended,

    and made many disasters. Stole what they found,

    slaughtered, they get slaves for their ships. So that evening,

    a pirate ship came. Because it could not, arrives in the port

    of Rina, which every evening was closed by a thick chain,

    moored off. The Pirates got out, went up the mountain and

    began to descend toward the Deep. Then Saint Irene saw

    them and Mary shouted to the ram, to save the Christians

    will slaughtered everyone without fail.

    The place where the Virgin Mary is built, only dirt and stones

    were left. But those who went out of there, not knowing

    anything, sometimes voices heard and felt an beautiful scent

    of incense.

    Once they decided to dig and found underneath the church.

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  • When the church was again up the earth, people gave it the

    name Virgin Hosti which every summer works as main

    church.

    A few years ago, a night that will soon hit the bells for the

    Resurrection, two shepherds, arrived at the port of Rina with

    their boat. They came from Palionisos island and brought

    dry cheese and fresh cheese. They did not have time to go

    to the town of Potheia and they had to stay there. They said

    therefore one to look after the boat and the other to go high

    to shares that priest.

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  • Holy Mother of God named "KyraPsili" (very high at the top

    of Mountain) by Helen Magkou, b2, 2nd High School of

    Kalymnos (Chrysopigi brought us the information)

    Always down of the mountain at the island people could see

    at the old days up there a light shimmering. The thought

    was that it was a star in the sky. One day a goat that had

    escaped from the herd, it returned to the muzzle wet. One,

    two times, three times. Then the shepherd came in the wake

    and found a cave where the rock came from water. In one

    corner stood a smiling Madonna. It was the icon of Panagia

    Kyra Psili. He picked it up and went down to the priest. He

    put it in the Church. The morning was not in the position

    they had put it. They went up the mountain and found it at

    the same position that the shepherd had found it. This was

    done three times. Then they realized that Holy Virgin,

    Mother of God wanted to stay there. So they decided to build

    in that part a church. The difficulty, however, was how to

    carry up there materials. Then a monk in his dream saw a

    woman who suggested the place to dig to find sand and

    lime. Really dug into that part and found materials like saw

    in his dream the monk. This solved the problem and built

    the church of Kyra Psili who since became the most

    pilgrimage place of the island.

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  • The Church of Saint John the Theologian in Kalymnos

    by Alexander K.

    The church of Saint Theologian built in 1848, but in 1932

    the parishioners of the church decided to expand their

    church. Because many people had moved to Kalymnos from

    above islands (ie Patmos) and had to be a church to serve

    the needs of the parishioners. Leading to demolish a part of

    to construct new kommati.I church is built of stone and

    generally these materials came from Kalymnos. The costs of

    construction came from donations Olympitou families

    Theodore Anfredou, Zervos (Zarafti) and family Nikita and

    Maria Cretan whose specific donation chrisimopoiithike for

    the creation of the belfry and from Parishioners of the

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  • church who already contribute with icons that are present in

    the church today. The church was painted mainly by

    Anthony Karafyllaki who made the temple, the center of the

    church, the apostles, and the Panntokratora Angels .Omos in

    the 90 'a young painter from Mount Athos painted the sides

    of the main temple and the Sanctuary . I.. Fillipotis created

    the gateway to the Sanctuary and the staircase which leads

    to the site to which recites the Gospel. Originally the church

    was built in place before the cemetery, due to the needs, but

    the parishioners decided to transfer the bones and build the

    temple.

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  • The church of St. Savvas, Kalymnos by Faneroula M., B2)

    The magnificent temple of St. Savas of the miraculous

    towering just above the harbor and is decorated with special

    artistic value and quality frescoes. Visitors can worship the

    skull of saint piously kept in the temple. The breathtaking

    view of the valley of Pothia and the sea area to the east

    along with the serenity of the monastery, complete the

    uniqueness of the exterior of the church. The church is built

    in a location of great beauty, where there is unobstructed

    view of the valley.

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  • Traditional Kalymnian Home (by Faneroula M., B2)

    The Kalymnian House is a private Folklore Museum of Mrs. Faneromeni Skylla Halkidiou, which aims to preserve and promote the Kalymnian lifestyle of the past century. Located on the southern outskirts of Agion Panton Monastery, near "Vothynoi" and have popular culture and household effects of old household objects. The museum is a restored traditional Kaklymnian house where you will find clustered items from whole our island exposed in such a way that revives the story of a traditional urban house at the end of 19th and early 20th century. You will travel to the main daily activities, social events and, of course, the legendary life of Kalynian spongediver man! In this beautiful house youll see, including traditional costumes, daily utilitarian objects even representation of household activities and work. The museum is open daily at these hours : 08.30-14.00. For more information please contact the Museum on the phone: from 22,430 to 51,633.

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  • Traditional Kalymnian House

    Comments on a video about

    The video for the Kalymnian house describes the wedding traditions that had

    Kalymnos and the costumes of Kalymnos womens. It states the following

    traditions:

    Firstly, the day of the wedding the friends of the groom went and took him from his

    house accompanied by violin, to take him to church. Secondly, the mother when

    entering the new house of her son and the bride of, scatter on the floor nuts and

    shouted good luck to break the matchmaking (she did this only when her parents

    were living).

    Moreover,for a time not planted nor alive nurtured, because they wanted the power

    of fruiting go to the couple to make a lot of children. In addition, when a couple

    marry, behind wreaths a daughter, with alive parents, cut a piece climate and put

    it there which had three knots, symbolized the Holy Trinity. The climate placed

    behind the wreaths, as I mentioned before and hold up with white thread .

    Now as far as women's clothing, daughters whose mothers of small wore them

    kerchiefs (google it) which was silk and hand painted. The wedding day, the

    kerchiefs was opened, for the womans to show the gold jewelery and the them

    necks . Another special details are, that the kerchiefs had two views , one side

    had the eagle that symbolized freedom and this was woren from free daughters,

    unlike the other side had a wreath with two birds which symbolize marriage, so

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  • locals could understand if a girl was available or not .

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  • Traditional Life/Ancient Occupations- Chrysopigi

    Occupations on Ancient Times :

    Klaofores, the women were picked up branches for fire

    Many times as I throw my look at our mountain of the slopes, I

    suppose that even seeing women klaofores (they carry on their

    soulders bradches of trees for fire), loaded head the bundle branches.

    Maybe because I always liked watching them from afar, since they were

    shown on top and quinoa slowly, first as an undetermined volume that

    moved and only as approaching the low edges of mountain of the

    human figure.

    One of the heavier work of the old cover was to go for collecting

    branches for fire and oven. Heavy work, however, necessary and close

    to homemade own bakery, with branches illuminated and warmed the

    humble house in winter frost. In older times, many were those who

    went on the branches. And if they are not going, but were

    experiencing, and has remained as a beautiful memory.

    This work later was left in the parliamentary bundle branches to

    klaofores, who were doing for occupation: to sell the bundle branches,

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  • to feed their family as it was miserable or to study children and

    siblings, can they issue scientists with their heavy toil.

    Slowly the war, and he was lost, especially since each housewife

    ceased to knead and bake bread of whole the week.

    But even all of our generation remember the klaofores to descend the

    slopes of the mountains, with huge bundles branches in the head and

    then cross the narrow streets of the village and of Pothia to go to put

    away in the house RAPID ordered .

    From afar I imagine stand up similar to ancient statues, only with his

    head slightly bowed, he lifted that weight wholeness, but with firmer

    body and bouncy step, small, jumped, because it was imposed by the

    pressure of the bale from above

    No longer were like women, they look like little goddesses, fairies of

    the mountain, priestesses they were far from their goal, but me

    purpose, to keep unquenchable fire of their home, sacrificing sleep

    and paying it disproportionate to their wives forces.

    Filled our mountains of twigs, but to find large branches are klaofores

    be they issue whole sheaf had to go away, two or three hours away

    many times, climbing peaks, descending ravines to succeed virgins

    kalymniestopous with thyme a hug each and chinopodia.

    Always they were started for the branches, with three or four or more,

    never a nun of. How to start the nun, it was still night, three or four

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  • Traditional life Kalymnos Greece Dances Chrysopigi

    The dance is danced in various events such as weddings, feasts and festivals and is much

    loved. It is purely a male dance. It is a representation of the "gripped" mechanic, that the

    diver who was diving with scuba and caught, having suffered the disease of divers was

    hemiparalysis.

    This dance began almost 50 years ago, but the roots of the actual dance with a hero truly

    caught mechanical, dating from the end of last century. Then we had the first engineers

    and first "stiff". The complete ignorance of diving rules, was the reason there were many

    unfortunate victims of this type, that is "flat" and "caught." According to history, the

    engineer vibrates, falls down and gets up again to dance accompanied by special melody

    of engineering inspired by sfoungaradiki bravery and valor.

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  • The old man and the old woman, by Themelina Kapella and

    Mary Zairi

    Once upon a time there was an old man and an old woman.

    They lived on their own because they had no children. But

    they was loved and looked after one another.

    One day the old man, who was going there, he found a

    metal (a coin of small value). Immediately he turned back.

    Once she saw the old man she worried.

    What happened to my old man and came back so quickly?

    Are you sick?

    No, says the old man, but I found a metal I came to see

    what we will do with it!.

    In little old lady says: I found it! We can buy candies to a

    little sweetened our means.

    The old man did not liked this idea, he said.

    Come to your good, wife. Beautiful are the candies, but stick

    to the teeth. I say give nuts. He did it well and tell the old

    lady says:

    Whats wrong with my husband? Dont think that half the

    nuts are shells? Leave that many of them are deaf.

    The old man thought it again. Well, then find something that

    does not have shells and will not stick to your teeth.

    Where were thinking tossed over with the old forums and

    says: I found it, I found it.

    What you found so again? Lets see.

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  • I found it. We will buycollard greens! what she

    remembered!

    He did not filled his eyes of the collard greens, but to say

    and the right skewed, the collard greens were not shells and

    neither stick to the teeth.

    So they bought collard greens, they cooked the leaves, they

    put plenty olive oil of Kalymnos and they ate fine.

    Not even the poster liquid of collard greens go of the hurt.

    They put on it olive oil, lemon and salt and drank it and they

    were very nice.

    With the left over made and a little bed from leaves and

    brunches. Goes over the old man, but not the cot sank. Goes

    over the old lady is not sunk. Tucked and a mouse, and

    tsoup, going under the cot!

    It was offered by Chrysopigi. We thank her very much.

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  • Moral and habits of Easters Day (Pascha) of Kalymnos Manycustomsareseparateonthe

    islandofKalymnos,butthetraditionsof

    Easterisverylikeimprovisedexplosives

    (dynamite)andstuffedlambonEaster

    Sunday,theMoore,bakedin

    traditionalovens.GoodFridayisaprocessionofalltheepitaphandwomen

    chant.

    Easteristhegreatestfeastoforthodoxy,whichcelebratestheresurrectionof

    JesusChristafterthegreatweekofpassions.ThecustomsofEasterisoneof

    themostbeautifultraditionsofGreece.TheredeggsbreakonHolySaturday,

    theburningofJudas,thealtarcarryingtheHolyLightofthechurchathome,

    theprocessionoftheEpitaphonthestreetsandfireworkstowelcomethe

    resurrectionaresomeofthemostfamousEastercustoms.

    ThereareothertraditionsofEasterisnotsowellknownasthesacramentof

    Unctionwherewomengettogethersomeflourtochurchafterwhichoperation

    thebidders.Stillunknownishowthecustomoflargemanufacturingwhere

    nobodypavesthebedbeforethechurch,sothatrunrunbedbeforethebed

    ofChrist.InunfamiliarcustomsofEasterincludesingeinganimalsarenot

    bornwiththeHolyLighttofruitionandthecustodyofoneofthecoilsofEaster

    toconsumethemayday.FinallyacustomofEastercomesfromancientyears

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  • beforethebirthofChrististoreadthescoopoflambcalledoldthatcan

    predictthefuture

    Inourcountryeveryplaceboastsofsomecustoms,traditionsHalloween,

    Christmas,weddingetc.ThisislandisknownforthePassover.Anyonewho

    spentEasterinKalymnoswillliveintensemomentsthatwillsurelydrawinhis

    memory,eitherpositiveornegative,doesnotmatter.

    THELAMB

    Previously,theprocessofEasterfrom

    themiddleofLentwiththepurchaseof

    lamb.ThePaschallambwasabigdealfor

    thekids.InPothiaandtheVillagethe

    villageshadtheirownlambsparentshad

    tobuylambforchildren.Sometimesprefer

    lambsfromKoswhoweremoretame,sincetheKalymnoswaswild,because

    thegreatestjoyofthechildrenwerelearningthelambtofollowthem.Thefirst

    concernofthechildrenjustacquiredlambswastoweavethefood,around

    ornamenttheforeheadoflambmadeofcolorfulwoolyarn.Whenreturning

    33

  • fromtheschool,theirgreatestpleasurewastomakethelambinthepasture,

    usuallyinthecompanyofotherchildren.

    Triedthefirsttimethattheyreceivedtodoeverythingpossibletofollowthem

    withoutaropeanditwasagreatpleasurewhenyousucceed.Thehourswere

    smalllambtoschoolexpectingthemtiedtorailingsinthestreetorthegarden.

    Ofcourseitwasgreatsadnesswhentheirchildrenslaughteredcompanion

    withwhomshehadspentwonderfulmoments.Todaymostfamiliesbuytheir

    slainlambandenjoyablemomentsofthesechildrenlacking.Thelambis

    slaughteredthemorningofHolySaturdaywiththebloodofthecrosstomake

    adoor.

    LAZARUS

    ThelasttwoSaturdaysofLenttheysayLazarus.ThefirstSaturdayisthe

    poormanLazarusandthesecond,thatistosaybeforeSundaytheVayais

    therichLazarus.ForthepoorLazarussomedoubtsaboutthereport,butthe

    wealthyareclearlymentionedthatthefriendofChrist,thebrotherofMartha

    andMary.

    BothSaturdaysLazarushousewivesmakelazarakia.Lazarakiamadewith

    flour,sugar,spicesandtahini.Itfilledintheabdomenwithraisinsandhave

    34

  • theformdeadwithcrossedhands.SymbolizeshroudedLazaruswho

    resurrectedChrist.Lazarakiaotherhandisthefoodofthegreatweeksonthe

    otherhousewivesgivetheirchildrenwhowillsingthecarols.

    EasterforGreeceisthemostimportant

    feastoftheyear.Butespeciallyinour

    island,Kalymnos,celebratingwithmany

    localEastercustomscomefromancient

    timesandkeptuptodate.

    ShortlybeforethecomingMegalovdomadahousewivesalloneaftertheother

    startingtowhitewashandpainttheirhouses,stairsandroadsandsoallthe

    neighborhoodsareclean.MostfamiliesbuythemlivetheEasterlamb,which

    theygrowintheirgardens.Mumswithchildrenweaveaballofcoloredyarn

    tasselswhichwecallandhanginourneckoflamb.

    SaturdayofLazarusgettingallchildreninneighborhoodsandsaythesong

    Lazarus.OnthesamedaythehousewiveskneadandbakeLazarakos

    (Lentenbunswiththehumanform)andbunstogetherwithAvgoulas.

    OntheeveningofHolyThursdayall,gotothechurchtowatchthecrucifixion

    ofChrist.Finishingoperation,thewomenremainintheChurchandbeginthe

    35

  • lamentationsofacrucifixwhichlastsalmostallnight.Thenextdayatnoon

    afterthedepositionoftheislandscemeteriesarefilledwithpeoplewhere

    everyonegoesflowersonthegravesofitsown.

    AlreadyineachparishandonehangingJudasmadeofstrawwhichweburn

    SundayofEaster.

    TothegreatFridayeveningyounggirlsandwomendressmyrrhbearersand

    singinthechurchsquare,accompaniedbythepraiseofmyrrhbearersand

    parishioners.AfterwefinishwiththeprocessionoftheEpitaphgotochurch

    andpassbeneaththeepitaph.

    ThebigSaturdaymorningmen

    slaughteringlambssothathousewives

    tocleanandpreparethemtobakein

    theovenintheafternoon.At12:00

    noon,manypeoplegotothemain

    squaretowatchthespectaclewith

    dynamitesarebeginningtofallfrom

    themountainsoncethebellrangforthefirstResurrection.Afternoon

    Kalymnianfurnaceshavealreadybeguntoilluminatethebranchesthathave

    36

  • collectedinpreviousdays.Onceweputinenoughwarmclaycontainingour

    lambs,berryandclosetheovendoorwithstonesandmud.

    OntheeveningofHolySaturdayeveryonegoestochurchtoreceivetheHoly

    LightandhearChristisrisen.Afterthechurchgatheredinhomesand

    familieseattheEasterpodokefalo.OnthemorningofEasterSundayinthe

    ovensgoingandgetourberry.TheeveningistheeveningprayerofLove,

    wherehetoldtheprieststheBiblein7languagesanddistributesDespotred

    eggs.

    Intheeveningweallgotothesquaretowatchtheshowwiththeirdynamite

    droppedsimultaneouslyfromthetwomountains.

    Formeandformanyothers,thetraditionsofKalymnosEasterstandoutfrom

    thecustomsoftherestofthecountry!!

    HARRYCHATZIDAKIS

    37

  • 38

  • Tr

    a

    d

    i

    t

    i

    o

    n

    a

    l

    K

    a

    l

    y

    m

    n

    i

    a

    n

    F

    o

    o

    d

    39

  • Materials: 1 pound of chickpeas,1 kilo of onions, 1 cup oil, 2 tablespoons tomato paste, Salt,

    pepper, rosemary

    Execution

    The night before, put the chickpeas in a bowl with enough water and a tablespoon of salt. T

    leave it that way until the next afternoon that drain and t mix with the oil, tomato paste,

    salt and pepper. Then put them in a clay pot and cover with thinly sliced onions. Put a little

    rosemary. Are doing in our neighborhood bakery and the bakery bakes all night.

    5. Pancakes Kalymnian

    Materials: 2 pounds of flour, 1 teaspoon salt, 1 teaspoon Chian mastic, 80 g. fresh yeast,

    glass of wine ouzo, Lukewarm water as needed, Cotton seed oil

    40

  • Execution

    We make a slurry with the above materials. Cover with towel for 1 hour to rise. In a deep

    pot, add plenty of oil. Once cooked well with a spoon (which has a hole in the middle and is

    specific for pancakes), fry the mixture me. Leave for a little pancake on one side and then

    fried with a fork to turn the other side. The put in a colander to drain the oil. Finally sprinkle

    with honey, cinnamon and roasted almonds.

    Revithokeftedes (meetballs from chickpeas)

    pound of chickpeas, , 1 large onion, 1 small tomato, 2 cloves of garlic, 1 spring onion, 15-

    20 mint leaves, Greenstick, Salt, pepper, oregano, Flour, Sunflower

    Execution

    At night we put a pound chickpeas in a pot with fresh water to swell. In the morning strain,

    rinse and crush little by little into the blender. Grate the grater one large onion, a little

    tomato, two cloves of garlic and one chopped onion and fresh mint leaves 15-20 preferably

    chlorine. Add salt, pepper, oregano and 4 to 5 heaped tablespoons flour and kneaded to not

    dissolve and mix all the ingredients together. In a pan put sunflower and just burn, mold

    revythkefte one to one and pour. Once browned one side and we go the other. When you

    are ready to let it drain for two minutes on kitchen paper, then serve.

    7. Fishermans spagheti

    Materials: pound spaghetti, 10 large shrimp, 10 black mussels, 1 red pepper, 5 cloves of

    garlic, 1 glass of white wine, Salt, Freshly ground pepper, Parsley, Olive oil,

    Execution

    Wash the prawns and clean without removing the head. Put the shrimp in a deep skillet over

    medium heat. Clean and wash the mussels well. Add the mussels to the pan with the shrimp

    41

  • and strengthens the fire. Once the prawns change color salt and pepper and add the wine.

    After two minutes, add the sliced garlic and chopped pepper. Pour the olive oil and stir. Boil

    the pasta. Just boil the pasta, drain and add to the pan with the shrimp and mussels. Stir. We

    offer our spaghetti on a platter and sprinkle with parsley.

    Squids with rice inside (kalamarakia gemista)

    Ingredients for sauce : 1 pound squid, pound rice Carolina, 1 large onion, Parsley, 1 cup oil,

    Pepper, salt, 1 cup tomato sauce, 3 cups water,

    Execution Wash the squid, remove the tentacles. Finely chop the onion, parsley and

    tentacles. In a saucepan, saute the onion and oil. Add the parsley, salt and pepper, tomato

    sauce and three glasses of water. Allow to cook 30 minutes over low heat, let it cool.

    Ingredients for the filling : pound rice Carolina. 1 large onion, Parsley, 1 cup oil, Pepper,

    salt, 1 cup tomato sauce,5 cups water.

    Execution In a deep pan, add the chopped tentacles oil, onion and parsley, saut., Then add

    the sauce with salt, pepper and water. Allow to cook for 20 minutes over very low heat and

    add the rice and stir for two minutes. Then remove from heat for 2 minutes.

    Fylla Kalymnos

    Materials: pound vine, pound of ground beef, pound ground pork, 2 cups glutinous

    rice, 1 cup tomato juice, 2 large onions, chopped, 3 tablespoons vegetable butter, 1 cup

    olive oil, 2 ripe tomatoes, 2 eggs, Juice of one, lemon, Salt and pepper.

    42

  • Execution

    Steam them in a little hot water the vine, until softened. In a large bowl knead well minced

    meat, rice, onions, butter, tomato puree and seasoning as desired. Then we lay on the

    bottom of a wide pot some leaves until they reached the bottom, let us stick to the food.

    Then take a vine leaf, put it in the center of a little of the mixture in the pan tightly wrap it in

    packets and put the pot next to each other in a circle. This process continues until the entire

    mixture over. In the end, above the sheets we lay the tomatoes cut into thin slices, drizzle

    with olive oil, salt and pepper and cover the leaves with a deep dish, upside down.

    Kalymnian mououri

    Materials: 1 kid, the gutted carcass. The liver and lungs minced goat., 3 to 4 onions, Butter,

    margarine, olive oil, 1 kilo of rice nychaki, Tomato puree, Salt and pepper, Cinnamon,

    Blanched almonds, cut in the shape of pine,1 lemon, Some vine branches 1 deep clay pot

    (mououri)

    Execution First prepare the kid. Wash it well, add salt and pepper, brush with the lemon

    inside and out. Exterior baste with butter, cinnamon and tomato paste. We go to the filling.

    Inflating the lung, put it in slightly warm water and chop into small pieces. Chop and liver.

    Put the livers and lungs to drink their water.

    Then add the oil, a little butter, chopped onions and saute. After throwing almonds and after

    rice since we wash in warm water and natural salt analogue. Delve into the rice with stir

    remaining ingredients and add half a glass of water. Fill the carcass with the stuffing and sew

    the belly. Spread the bottom of the hull with vine branches and spread over the stuffed

    goat. Close the pot and seal the cracks with dough made from flour and water. The sealed

    hull comes in a traditional oven that have lit branches, since warm enough off the fire and

    let the coals. Then we put in the mououri door and build with bricks and mud to close

    tightly. The morning opened and the mououri ready. By Maria ambouris, B1

    Recipes of Greece http://padlet.com/wall/sz38nke28l

    They were brought from Chyrospigi, Anastasia, Andreas, Irene, Michael

    43

  • 44

  • Sports in Kalymnos Diving - Chrysopigi

    Diving in Kalymnos Kalymnos is ideal place to start diving,

    to train and practice your advanced diving skills! The net

    high visibility without streams warm sea around our

    beautiful island, provides an excellent rocky bottom with a

    rich ecosystem full of caves, reefs, shipwrecks and swell.

    The diving heritage of Kalymnos will add extra flavor to your

    diving searches! Any, man, woman, child, from 1070 years

    old can take part in diving and our educational programs

    provided they are healthy! Enjoy your holidays in Kalymnos,

    diving in the amazing underwater world with "Kalymnos

    Diving Center"! http://www.diversisland-

    kalymnos.gr/portfolios/disc overscubadiving07aug

    45

  • CLIMBING ON KALYMNOS

    Climbing in Kalymnos began in 1997 when an Italian climber discovered and opened its first 40

    tracks. Later the municipality laid the foundations for how to open routes, which nowadays is 2,500

    and each route has its own equipment, around 10-15 gait. Also it worths mentioning that Kalymnos

    has emerged as the first world climbing determination.

    THE CONTRIBUTION OF CLIMBING THE ISLAND OF KALYMNOS

    Below we will see how it has helped finance climbing the island. Climbers reinforce the locals when

    you dine in our restaurants when staying in our hotels when they buy their basic needs and when

    they go out for walks. Finally, our island is advertised by multinational companies such as North Face

    and other miscellaneous. So the island is widely known throughout the world, so every year we have

    more and more profits from climbers according to recent studies.

    46

  • 47

  • Pantelis.CamerawashandledbyHatzidakisandtexthaswrittenbyMichael

    Lazaris.

    Thefirstorganizedfieldsorganized

    climbinginMeteora.Thereare300fieldsinGreece.Thereisthetraditional

    climbingwherethereisdifficultyordanger,climbingBouga,wheretherocks

    arelow,youneedlayers,andisinterestingbecauseinterestisinclined,the

    tapshowharditistogetthere,climbingonice,theclimbingrecreationand

    sports,sportsclimbing.

    48

  • Sports Diving : VISIT THE MARITIME MUSEUM KALYMNOY HISTORY OF DIVING (28/10/2012)

    http://youtu.be/7vyZsIeo9aw

    49

  • Aspartoft hepresentationofourcountryweb

    projectetwinning,ourEuropeanSchoolJournal,mytown,wevisitedthe

    MaritimeMuseumofKalymnos,whereAspropotamitisMr.JohnandMr.

    Drossosguideduswithgreateagernessandtoldusaboutthehistoryof

    diving.Thereisvideoofatourthatjustabletoovercometechnicaldifficulties

    willmoveinournewspaper.

    Accordingtothetour,thefirstnameofKalymnoswasKalydnaiorKalydna

    (becauseitwascool,goodwater).Laterindescribingtravelersandfindthe

    oldmapsandKalymnos.Hasanareaof109squarekilometersandislocated

    183nauticalmilesfromPiraeus.ItscapitalisKalymnosthatthelocalscalled

    longs(=desirable).Itisacitywithalivelycommercialtrafficislandand

    intensecolor.OppositethevillageMyrties700metersisthesmallisland

    Kalymnos,whichwasunitedwithKalymnosasin535ADbyapowerful

    earthquakewhichwasexcisedfromKalymnos.Todaytheyliveonlyafew

    fishermen.DuringtheTurkishKalymnosspongehadspecialpermissionand

    fees.

    50

  • Aristotledescribesthespongeaszooidnoplanthasnoroots.Are

    microorganismswith circulatorysystem,membrane

    andwaterqualitymakesthemgrowandgrowproperly.Thespongefeedson

    zooplanktonandmicroorganisms.Ittakesfiveyearstobecomeasmall

    sponge,likeafist.Thereare5000speciesofsponges.Thefivetypesonthe

    market,suchasMelatestheElephantEars,theseal,theearoftheelephant.

    Whenclickedthefishawaytoleavethefilmandtheadhesivecontainingthe

    spongeandthenwashedandspreadondecktodry.Afterenteringbagged

    andstoredinthehold.Everyfifteendaystakenoffandeliazantoprevent

    molding.

    In1850,attheendoftheIndustrial

    Revolutioninnaturalspongewasvaluableforitsantisepticpropertiesand

    necessaryinMedicine,Pharmaceuticals,Cosmetics,Paint(cleaningbrush)in

    themanufactureporcelain,ceramicin(treatment)andwantedtomarkets

    51

  • leadingtoKalymnosploutiseiandgainedgecommercialandcultural.In1986,

    however,observedforthefirsttimethediseasesponges.Thewaterwas

    contaminated,possiblyfromcontaminationofChernobylandspongeripsand

    becomeunfitfortheuseintended.Thisoccurredintheareaofcrisisand

    Kalymnosspongelostitsresourcewealth.Othercausesforthediseaseof

    spon gesis

    suspectedthatthegreenhouseeffect,theunderseaearthquakesand

    sulphurousgasesreleasedfromtheseafloor.

    TheboatsthatfishedspongesconsistedofBratserathemainvesselwith

    storageandsuppliesandsmallshipsthatcameandsayingachtarmades

    becauseitwasallscrambledaboard,divingequipment,gear,etc.Theyleft

    andwentaroundEasterinOctober.MaindestinationofNorthAfrica.Sextants

    hadtowatchtheirprogressbasedonthestarsafterthePolarisalwayspoints

    north.FamousdiverwasJohnKnee,hasbeenfishinginCalifornia,USA,

    52

  • TarponSprings,inhabitedtodayKalymniansagreatcommunityKalymnos

    andalsodealingwiththesponge.

    Inthemid1860soneFrenchman,AublebroughtintheSouthernSporadesan

    unknowndivingequipment,scuba.Itwasover50poundstheoutfittheywore.

    Itconsistsofadressand

    thedivingsuit,abronzehelmet,whichwasconnectedwithacordorropethat

    wastiedtothediverandthemachinethatgaveoxygenandcalledtaps.The

    DivingBellandscrewwereenteredfromuniforminuniform.Hadtherole,

    mantzaroli=timercountwherethediverhowmuchremainedbelowthe

    seabed.Shouldbeleftaloneunder40minutesandthenhewentuprequired.

    53

  • Therewasamachinethatwasconnectingthedivertotheboatwithalong

    cordwhichchanneledair.Thebreathafter40minuteswasdangerous,

    nitrogenfilledlungandparalyzed,Escazu.Butwhenhefoundtheengineer

    thediverdives,verysponge,cuttheairtostaylongertogathermoresponges

    orparalyzedanddiewhenbroughttothesurface.From18641970wehad

    10,000casualties,20,000disabledand1012%mortality.Describedinthe

    bookThesagaofthesponge.ReportsalsofindandKalymnosChronicles.

    Diversateonlyonceadayafterfishingofspongesinsqualidconditions,only

    feedingoncrabs,boiledandroastedmeattoholdmuchandricewithout

    vegetables.Whentheywerebeeneatenbysharks,orwhentheydiedfrom

    theplagueofdiverstheywerebennburriedinunknowngraves.Theywere

    beenfallenattheseaoratsmallislandsunknownburiedthem.Inplaceof

    theirtombs,backattheirhomes,werecontainingthepersonalobjects.Other

    risksofphishingspongewasasubstanceonthesponge,theradiancausing

    dermatitisandpains.Thecaptainswhoinsistedlotofmoneyforcedthe

    54

  • fishermentodiveforspongesnecessarilymorethantheyoughtto,therewas

    truefeaturetheratioorspongeorass!

    Theresidentstookscubaapprehensive.In

    violencetriedtopreventitsuse.Theystoppedusingitforthreeyears.Despite

    theuprisingofthepeople,however,wereintroducedindivingsuitstoworkof

    fishingsponguesrestrictingthenakeddiversandothertraditionalwaysof

    fishing.Towardstheendofthecentury,annualproductionreachedlarger

    sizes.Nevertheless,manypeoplelosttheirlives.

    CharleswasFlegelandGreeceofViliacamefromLithuania.Hecameto

    Greecein1892tolearntheAegeanislands.WhenhearrivedinKalymnos,he

    55

  • saweverywherecripples,widows,orphans.Sohedecidedtosettlein

    Kalymnosanddevotehislifetothestrugglefortheliberationofthesponge

    fromthecurseofdivingandfinallymadeit!

    In1922thesystemwasadoptedFernez.Theairwasgivencarefullyand

    safelyandtherewerefeweraccidents.

    ToprotectdiversinGreecetodayarethreedecompressionchambers,where,

    withthehelpofoxygenparalyzedwhenthediverentersthechamberandis

    wellagain.KalymnosinVouvaleioHospital,thereisoneactive

    decompressionchamberofthethree.

    56

  • Ms.ElpinikiPazakoutalkedusthewonderful

    professionalfuturewecanreservethesportofdivingifwewanttodoour

    hobbywork.Shesaid:

    Kalymnosdivingtherearecurrentlythreeprivateschools.

    57

  • Anyonewhowantstodiveshouldgotopublicorprivateschool.Therearefive

    (5)levels.Ateachlevel, degreesofferedattheend.Are:

    A.Openlevel:learntodivesingleday.

    B.Advanceopenlevel:learntodiveatnight.

    C.Rescuelevel:yousavepeoplelearnto:Providefirstaidkits,oxygen

    (rescuediver=rescuediver).

    58

  • D.DiveMaster:Assistanttrainer.

    Instractor:Youbecomearespectedprofessionalwithearningsandutilization

    ofthesportsyoulove.

    Recordedtheirimpressionsoftheteamsports,membersoftheeditorialboard

    oftheEuropeanJournalHatzidakisHarris,GeorgePantelis,Fylaktakis

    GeorgeMichaelandSteliosLazaris.Weescortedtheladyteachers

    KoutsoubasHarikliaphilologist,whofilmedourmeetingattheMuseumand

    wethanktheladyMariaPanou,Theologian,responsiblefortheEuropean

    project.

    ClimbinginKalymnos

    InterviewbyMr.NtourntourekaLukascoachinClimbing,climbingwinnerand

    memberoftheNationalGreekTeam,bythesubgroupofsportscategory,

    editorialteamofournewspaper,thatconstitutetheSteliosLazarisand

    Michael,NicholasTsataros,HatzidakisHarris,FylaktakisGeorge,George

    59

  • TheclimbisnowwithineightproposedfortheOlympicGamesof2020andfor

    peoplewithdisabilities.

    Kalymnosisthefirstdestinationintheworldforsportclimbing,sport,leisure

    andrecreationalclimbing.Ithastwothousandpathsandsixtyfoursafeareas

    nearbyclimbingrocksmorphologywithstalactitesandspectacularviews.

    In1997 theItalianAndreaDuvalldiscoversandrevealsKalymnosasthe

    mostappropriatetobegintodealwithsomeoneclimbing.

    Conditionsforclimbing

    Climbingshouldalwaysbetwopeopletogetherwithspecialequipment,

    specialpowercordthatis,tohaveasmoothdecline,climbingtworingsanda

    specialarea,specialshoesandhelmetanyway.Thesupplieshavebeen

    testedbeforebeingplacedonthemarketandthusensureaclimbersafety

    andstrengthneededtokeeptheareatheropewiththehelpofrings,because

    whentheclimberfallstripledtheweightof(apersonwhoweighs50kginfallit

    weighs150pounds).Thesecondpersonaccompanyingtheclimber

    necessarilyhavepurseorsafetymechanismandstaysontheground.

    60

  • Howtheclimberchooseswheretogo?

    ThereKalymnosorganizedfieldsandlevels,sotheclimbercanpickand

    choosetheirtargets.

    Thepersonwhostaysontheground,theinsurerlookstobeallright,holds

    thelockingmechanism,andhewearsabeltandtiedwithaknoteights.

    Usuallyaccidentsarecausedbyerrorsin90%oftheinsurerinanaccidentas

    therearepredictableconfrontations.

    61

  • Inthevideoyouwillwatchtoseehowtheyoperateinsurerandclimber,

    inroomfitnessguideus,whomwethankfortheinformativeandexemplary

    interviewofferedus.

    http://youtu.be/6pAZg7wK9jk

    http://youtu.be/HX1It1zUel4

    Share this:

    62

  • 63

  • Traditional Architecture Kalymnos Greece -

    The folk architecture of Kalymnos. Writer : Fani Reisi, architect -

    engineer An article brought by Chrysopigi R.

    This season has witnessed a shift of societies towards the

    traditions, manners and customs, and the keen interest in the

    traditions of other peoples. We see, for example, revive forgotten

    customs. Local music know worldwide success. Organise festival

    with exotic cuisines. And all this surrounded with a newfound

    glory.

    Much less is unfortunately the interest that we pay as a society to

    protect our traditional architecture, even though it is a key piece of

    cultural heritage. This gap will try to cover today taking a first look

    at our local architecture. Is it a first class opportunity to meet, or

    better, to remember, our social and

    cultural roots, our habits and traditions? Why examining a

    settlement created without presidential decrees, building

    conditions, engineers and urban, with only through a few meters of

    land, the local ingredients but with much wisdom and love, then we

    learn the history of this place. All other historical monuments of

    64

  • past times preserved in the vast majority of public buildings, can

    only tell a story from the side of the powerful, that which prevailed.

    If you think about one, the traditional villages are the only ones

    that knowing them from within, we unfold the popular culture that

    created them.

    Chora or Chorio, Main Village of Kalymnos

    In Kalymnos particularly, only in 1660, by reducing piracy begins to

    be built at the foot of the Castle the new settlement of the village.

    Until then, residents living in the castle. Outside, there are only

    cultivable land for oil, wheat and honey. The land belongs to the

    community and individual properties are limited to trees and plants

    (known until today spores). The sponge is already a serious

    resource in the economic life of the island In the second half of the

    18th century, the development of the settlement of the village form

    the neighborhoods that reveal and socioeconomic stratification.

    Large houses in Thenia, which is the neighborhood of dignitaries

    65

  • and captains, small houses in Argatza, which is the neighborhood

    of sponguedivers.

    Pothia - Port of Kalymnos

    The late 18th century. characterized by economic prosperity

    derived from trade oil, honey, sponge and Kontrabando. Sample

    this boom is the construction of Panagia Village. Also, a sample of

    the boom is the taxation of the carpenter professions of mason and

    several other professions concerned by the Turks. Then, the

    construction of the village of Chora and the same period is the

    distribution of communal land with imbalance in favor of large

    families.

    Around 1860 begins the colonization of Pothia. The first Hamlets

    and villages areas are created on two opposite sides of the harbor,

    the Marasia. There probably were installed auxiliary workers in

    sponge diving, who moved from the village in search of cheaper

    land and housing that is closer to the workplace. Wealthier families

    who move from village installed Choni and Amoudara, and form of

    the settlements start acquiring neoclassical features a fashion that

    comes from European capitals by traffickers of the sponge that

    have members located in Europe.

    66

  • But the middle class, who lives in the valley lying between Marasia,

    copy the forms of the mansions, but more simplified. The Marasia,

    still inhabited by the working classes, begin to imitate Ms. these

    neoclassical forms, most often simply adding a pitched tiled roof

    and gable.

    During the Italian occupation, the port is the center of gravity of

    economic and social life of the country. Draw roads and the

    settlement developed along the road. Consolidate the country

    villages and Pothia and extending to rural villages Panormo and

    Myrties.

    We can safely say that until the mid-19th century. The local

    architecture evolve hand in accordance with the needs and

    economic growth, but remains without substantial influence from

    the architectural currents anaptyssontoai in Europe. We can talk,

    that is, to folk architecture of Kalymnos.

    Marassi of St. Nickolas

    67

  • Marassi of Saint Stephan

    Traditional Kalymnian House

    In one room, the "Kanja", is the oldest type of Kalymnian house. A

    low-ceilinged stone-oblong room, with dimensions 3,50-4,00m.

    the narrow side and 7,00-8,00m the long side. On one side there is

    the bed and in the other the paratsa, the fire place where they

    were cooking. The door in the middle of the building. It usually had

    two small windows located or both on the obverse or the main and

    one on the side. In a window located at the paratsa and the other

    on the krevattos (=large bed for whole family).

    This ensured the correct lighting and ventilation of both while the

    home protected from the winter cold. The space was long and

    narrow, because the local wooden beamed that must accommodate

    it was scarce and of poor quality.

    One floor Kalymnian House

    68

  • Bed place = Krevatos

    Paratsa, fire place

    So it had to bridge the shortest possible opening. Above the

    wooden beams to cover the gaps between them, placed reeds and

    later boards, a layer of shrubs, algae and finally patelia

    waterproofing house.

    Within this small space, they lived in a wonderful way the

    multitudinous Kalymnian family. Functionality and economy of

    space impresses the visitor today. The bed, which at night is the

    bedroom of the couple and all the minor members of the family

    are also closet "good clothes. day is sitting, and storage space for

    makeshift mattresses and blankets. Under the krevatto was the

    pantry. The warehouse had oil, honey, pots of almonds and figs

    and everything else can collect the Family to pull out the winter. For

    69

  • the little leftover from the pot of the day there "refrigerator". A

    small hole above the door usually is open all summer and keeps

    cool in the basket hanging from the ceiling, where the dish of the

    day is saved. The remaining space, which in winter is the kitchen,

    dining and living days and sleeping nights for adult family

    members, has a built-in closet for clothes, paratsa to cook winter

    warms the house and dresser for diners and suppers.

    In spring and summer, things are more spacious. All things are in

    the courtyard: cooking, washing dishes and laundry by geitonema

    and sleep are out. That is why the courtyards is meticulously clean

    and whitewashed. It is also clean and whitewashed and the streets

    and small squares created between the houses.

    Why is the social life of the neighborhood comes from the confines

    of the property and is spread all over the space. Private and public

    become one, not only utilitarian but also aesthetic and their care is

    a matter of every housewife in the section of the road set. Even

    today, in some neighborhoods of the village, one finds it difficult to

    distinguish where the court ends and where begins the public

    space.

    The colors that dominate are the natural colors of stone and wood

    and lime. The intensity of the sun and shadow and indigo in the

    lime gives the houses all other shades and tones.

    The houses with the passage of time and economic rise, grow. They

    become two floors. Originally, the ground floor is a low ceiling and

    the floor is a few centimeters below the elevation of the courtyard.

    The basement has exactly the same function as the Katza. It is the

    kitchen, the living room and the family bedroom. Upstairs leads an

    external staircase. Many times, below this staircase is auxiliary

    room, the cistern. Shortly afterwards, the house becomes a normal

    two-storey and the space under the stairs, if any, is the kitchen of

    the house. Grows the need for concentration inside the house,

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  • grow respectively and the living room, without this meaning that

    incapacitated the courtyard as a place of assembly of relatives and

    friends.

    Two floor Kalymnian House

    Upstairs is the krevvatos where sleeps the couple or the guests,

    and the official site, the living room. This area, landscaped and

    decorated with the best furniture and embroidery, still closed

    waiting for the great events that occur in the family ....

    The great pleasure and death. Then we will open wide to friends

    and relatives of the house, come spontaneously, without an

    invitation to participate in the joy or sorrow. The beds are

    separated from the remaining space with chat, a light wooden

    structure that stands out visually only, space sleep from the rest.

    The variant of the pure two-storey with external staircase has

    begun to accept the influences of neoclassicism in the form and the

    ground plan of the building. The face becomes more strict as to the

    symmetry axis and the decor gientai more elaborate. Downstairs is

    the kitchen and living room, and floor, the sleeping area.

    71

  • The introduction of wood from Greece and Europe abolishes the

    binding of the rectangular building. It may now be more square and

    bigger. The roof tiles, four-sided or pitched, replacing the roof.

    The marble decorates the sides. Through separate the uses. The

    kitchen, the living room and bedrooms are now separate rooms.

    Among them there is a wide corridor for the first time the latrine is

    built together with the house. The escalation of the privacy of the

    building follows the social status of its owner. The staircase is

    internal. The courtyard perimantronetai and differentiation between

    private and dimiosiou space is now clear. Along with the new

    format display u new colors. The green and ocher tones, the more

    yellow to the finest redcouloured soil make social contrast and

    color.

    But when later the Italian conqueror prohibits blue white paint in

    homes for antiaircraft protection, then white and indigo Kalymnian

    represent the colors of the Greek flag. A peculiar "color war"

    begins. The Italians impose vyssali (brick color), the Favatata

    (ocher) and the Patelles (violet) to the sides of the houses.

    Kalymnians, at evening the whitewashing to have a better target the

    enemies of their conquerors. In the morning the Italians repaint

    with lampblack, again from the beginning. This intense alternation

    of dark and bright colors, the coats of lime which were not

    removed but joined laminated, shuffle and other colors together.

    They broke new color gradations, more hazy, who managed to beat

    only the opaque plastic color that came to Kalymnos after its union

    with Greece. This familiarity with the many different and vibrant

    colors and use them according to the temperament of the owner of

    the house, was until recently the strong differentiation of Kalymnos

    from neighboring islands.

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  • Newclassic Houses in Kalymnos

    The seemingly simple, humble form of the building is far from

    simplistic. It is the expression of the need of lighting and

    ventilation of the house, and the proper ratio of "full and empty" as

    we often say in architecture. The ratio that is between the walls and

    doors and windows, to be such that the building is not only, but

    also shows the fixed strong shelter family fort. The axis of

    symmetry exists, but the placement of the frames are not

    necessarily symmetrical, because it is determined by the rules of

    function and aesthetics. The result anyway is the simple, austere

    Doric form of the building. Its aesthetic was admired by all

    researchers - thinkers of modern architecture but if everyone

    recognize the innate talent of the craftsman in shaping harmonious

    appearance, the game of volumes caressing and attracts the eye,

    we can not but admire the extensive use specialized knowledge

    and techniques.

    The formula of the golden section (m: M = M (M + m), in a nutshell,

    is the one who

    73

  • gives us the relative length and width featuring classical harmonic

    ratio. It is the rule

    that extensive use of the Parthenon is one of the reasons that make

    him unique

    monument in world history of architecture. The implementation of

    the rule of the

    golden mean we will find the proportions of the windows in most

    homes this time lost

    when the requirements of neoclassicism Fashion require different

    ratios.

    Folk wisdom, forgotten knowledge or absolute sense of

    harmonious proportions?

    Either way, understanding the aesthetic value of such rules, the

    selection of their use and the correct application inevitably causes

    admiration and our respect. Our folk architecture is the result of

    practical problems and solutions provided over the centuries apmi

    experts, but with the wisdom of our techniques taught today

    relearn by qualified scientists. The new technologies we relearn the

    necessity of economy of space material and energy ... respect for

    the environment.

    But we still have at least the application in front of our eyes. An

    application that

    endangered because it covers our current housing needs and that

    we must

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  • preserve what is left of it.

    But if memories are not enough to make us to respect and preserve

    the homes of grandparents and our grandmothers, could we do it

    knowing that the ergonomics, technical and art coexist

    harmoniously in them? If we are happy with the buildings by which

    we replace, then why our eye is magnetized by the other, the small?

    We can selectively sensitizes the preservation of our neoclassical or

    even the buildings of the Italian occupation and to break down the

    monuments of our local culture? The tourist development of high

    aesthetics of traditional settlements has so far been the reason for

    the conservation of some of them. Today, more than ever, need to

    appreciate and unique historical and cultural value, to salvage what

    was left and to others.

    75

  • A Knitting Questionnaire for Kalymnos

    Answer it!by Chrysopigi- Irene- Anastasia- Andreas-

    Michael-Alexander-Faneroula

    76

  • Anagnostirion Ae Mousae is :

    1. a museum in Kalymnos?2. a cultural center ?3. a beautiful beach?

    77

  • Here is the photo of saint

    a. Savvas of Kalymnosb. Panteleimon of Vathysc. Angels of Vathys

    78

  • This is the icon of : a. Saint Panteleimon of Vathysb. Saint Savvas of Kalymnosc. saint John the Vaptist

    79

  • Folk Architecture of Kalymnos. What of the three pictures shows a Newclassic Kalymnian House ?

    a. b. c.

    80

  • Which of two pictures shows Kalymnian krevatos?

    a. b.

    81

  • See the picture and answer : Klaofores were Kalymnian women who:a. They picked up

    woods for ovensb. They swewed clothesc. They made bread

    82

  • What is the picture shows a Kalymnian traditional bride?

    a. b. c.

    83

  • How can we call this traditional dance of Kalymnos?

    Syrtos Issios Sousta Engineers

    84

  • Which of the pictures shows a cycladic idol found at a cave of Kalymnos?

    a b. c.

    85

  • Fix the names of Kalymnian sports with their pictures

    a. 1. climbing

    b. 2. diving

    86

  • What pictures show kalymnian traditional food? a b. c.

    kalymnian mouri stuffed vine leaves stuffed squids

    d. e. f.

    caramelised crackers mermizeli salad microwave cake

    87