Kalymnos! its beauties and culture offer!
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Beauties of ourtown - It's cultureoffer to Europe!
Cultural Center "Ae Mousae"
source: Kalymnoskopio journal of 2nd Junior High School of Kalymnos, March 2005
Cultural Center "Ae Mousae
alymnos during its history, was not only the island of sponge and intellectuals and artists. result of remarkable intellectual activity of the island is the foundation of cultural center ANAGNOSTIRIO "AE MOUSAE" in 1904, during the Turkish occupation. Purpose in accordance with what is stated in articles of association, "to stimulate the intellectual life and raising educational and cultural level of our people with based on the "traditions. The reading room was housed in the main building waterfront in Pothia, functioned as a meeting place, information and entertainment. It had a library with 3,000 volumes and theatrical scene, while decorated with paintings of great artists paintings.
It expressed better than any other institution the ethos and style of Kalymnos intelligentsia and from here started every thinking and judgment for rebellion and resistance against first the Turks and then the Italians conquerors. Indeed, because of the patriotic action, the Italians tried either to weaken or neutralize until 1936 the closed and destroyed the library and assets.
Through the incorporation of the Dodecanese into the Greek state in 1948 began a period of reconstruction of the island, when the Reading reopened - albeit with many fewer existing - until the years the years of dictatorship, so convinced idle and indeed the whole intellectual movement of our country. In 1978 it was worked again entering a new path. Today, managed by a 11- member council,
which is elected every two years by direct vote, and resources come from the subscriptions
of members, donations of friends and the municipality and from the sale of books, though
most books are donated. It is housed in a building erected by the Municipality of Kalymnos
at the old Reading Room and building a remarkable intellectual is a real cradle of civilization,
a core action and creating a full array of social events on the island. The multifarious spiritual
movement is the result of fruitful and harmonious cooperation of those who serve, always
quietly and modestly worth mentioning. Partners of writing books for Kalymnos, issued at
the expense of Reading, and every year publishes the volume "Kalymnos Chronicles" issues
mainly philological, folklore, historical, archaeological, literary.
The library has approximately 10,000 volumes available for study. In the area of organized
workshops, lectures, poetry evenings, theater performances, art exhibitions Kalymnian, view
folklore. Generally, making events that stand out for prestige and their severity, of which are
worth mentioning in honor of the leader of the Dodecanese freedom Skevou Zervou with
the honor of the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew. It also collaborates with other cultural
associations and invites notable intellectuals for cultural upgrading of the inhabitants. On
national holidays gives an impressive moment organizing celebrations separate luminance
lined with theatrical and musical events. " " Cultural Center "Ae
It keeps records of Elders of Kalymnos, which endeavor to utilize, and gathers the folk
language treasure island. Its members participate every two years to proposals on cultural
symposiums of the House of Letters and Arts of Dodecanese. It is worth to mention the
excellent organization of the Third Cultural Symposium of Reading, which particularly
highlighted the island's cultural movement. Finally, since 1983 it carries - sponsored by our
compatriot - an annual painting contest among students of the sixth grade of all primary
schools of the island and the best projects are awarded and decorate the hall of the Reading
Room. For overall contribution has been awarded by the Academy of Athens, the Church
and the Municipality of Kalymnos.
Unique corners of our town
Archaeological Museum of Kalymnos
By Chrysopigi R.
Kalymnos is an island near the Carian Coast (Asia Minor). This island
has been inhabited since the Neolithic Age by the Carians. Kalymnos
has found the Carian Writing.
The Archaeological Museum of Kalymnos is at the capital of the island.
In the lobby of the Museums chief archaeologist Koutellas Michael
made a brief introduction that informed the visitors, us, about the
long history of Kalymnos spanning a period from the Neolithic Age
5000p.X to Turkish Holding, i.e. 7,500 years!
In the first room of the museum are finds from the Neolithic to the
Mycenaean period (5300 1180/1065 BCC.) from the excavations in
the caves of Kalymnos Santa Barbara Teachers and Choiromantres.
Exposed obsidian tools (calcareous material), used by people of the
Neolithic era, knives and needles, pots, crockery exhibit the most
important Minoan bronze worshiper who has his hand on the
forehead. Displayed particularly large marble Cycladic idol.
There are features exhibits from Milos, two of the Cyclades, which was
marketed as a vase of Troy from the Neolithic era and a lamp of the
Minoan era (Neolithic and Bronze Age) from the Cave Daskalio of
Kalymnos. Also exhibited tools from animal bones, clay pots put wine
(Neolithic) and sacred vessels, also Mycenaean vases found at Troy and
The next room down has statues of important religious and political
center of ancient Kalymnos, the Temple of Dali (Delion, the Dorians
used a instant of e) Apollo, who was the protector of Kalymnos and
indicates that the large number of offerings found. Sanctuary was a
large space dedicated to the worship the Gods, and was dedicated to
the worship and politics. In sacred spaces were specially modified with
the offerings, statues, vases etc. Those who had no money for making
sacrifices many animals to ask for something orthank him for what he
got, he madesmall figurines gift in the form of animals. Humble,
however, these tributes endured over time and made famous the poor
who devoted. Many belong to the Geometric period, a time of Homer
(8th century p.C). Some have Greek letters on it. The Greeks took the
Phoenician alphabet had only consonants, found the use of vowels and
invented the alphabet(8th century p.C.) we use today. In Mycenaean
times, later, the island was conquered and occupied by the Dorians
who came from Epidaurus.
Homer responds with the name Kalydnai Islands (Iliad, raps. B, f 676-
677: They had Nisyros island and Krapathon and Clon and Kos a
very large big city, and Kalydnos islands (= with good drinking water).
Indeed,together with the surrounding islands (Kalymnos, Pserimos
Leros (maybe) along with Nisyros, Karpathos, Kos and Kasos) took part
in the war against Troy with force thirty ships under the leadership of
Feidippos and Antiphon, sons of Thessaly) with information from the
book by Michael J. Koutella, archaeologist, Kalymnos, History,
Archaeology and Culture , Kalymnos 2006, pp.18.).
A visit of 2nd Lyceum of Kalymnos to Bathys by the archaeologist mr.
At 1815 post Christ was abbot of the monastery Galatiani someone
called father Makarios
In the original oil pressure room there is a roller mill in which we can
find in the hills in there to put the olives in a row and went to the
press to compress.
Because they could not have animals and necessarily alternated to
move all that weight, took the olives and put them in a large wooden
box, but in the early 20th century, it replaced with other objects. This
stone was with olives and together they made a liquid drink.
Then they put them in bags that were made of goat hair for leave to
pass the juice and make the oil. So taking the bags with drink and
fermented olives when they did this back and forth he went back and
compress, but when it reached a point was not enough to force these
people only hands to compress further, there were other people here
who roamed this vertical axis and grew strength. ALL these are
traditional items used in the old days to ease the lives of mankind.
You can see the place and here in greek the same things we here
describe to you.
Religion, Kalymnos Greece, 2nd Junior High School of Kalymnos,
THE CHURCH OF CHRIST IN KALYMNOS (by Irene Tsatarou)
The church of Christ was built when it went from village residents
of Kalymnos in 1865. In fact , the provision of Pothia houses built
based on the location of this temple . As for the time it took to
build was about 11-12 years .
THE A & O observed in Figures represent THE BEGINNING AND THE
END THAT GOD WILL ALWAYS EXISTS.
UP TO ENTRY WITHIN THE CHURCH IS THIS PIGEON which
symbolizes the Holy Spirit.
This picture depicts the avon.
FESTIVITIES OF THE TEMPLE
Every year in the church of Christ the people celebrating the
Epiphany , the M . Friday, November 13 celebrating St. John
Chrysostom and 6 August celebrating the transformation
Church of the Presentation of the Lord (Ypapanti), Pothia
Kalymnos by Kokona and Irene
In our small island, Kalymnos, at who prospered our
ancestors, our grandparents and parents, the place where
we live today, history is everywhere. The story, however, the
island was written mainly in our churches. Deeply religious
our sea people, raised majestic temples of divine worship,
similar to spogue work, its delivery of his appeal to
literature and the arts.
This church is originally built before the Church of the
Visitation, there was a small chapel dedicated to Saint
George. In 1890 in the district of the hatch, the church of
Saint George was extended and built the present Church of
the Presentation of the Lord, named Ipapadi. The district
hatch calls two separate Kalymnians young painters George
Economou and Michael Alachouzos, who will narrate the
magnificent marble temple and the entire church, with
images of great artistic value. Even the Church of the
Visitation is another important example of the art of the
modern artist of our island, Antonis Karafyllakis. It is the
"Presentation of the Lord" that we see across the entrance to
a large size. But the Virgin of the Visitation were written and
two separate important pages in the book of the newer
church of our island.
When first opened in 1894 in the church the new elected
bishop of the Metropolis of Leros, Kalymnos and Astypalea
Anthimos Tsatsos also addressed the church services:
'Blessed Guild of sponge divers because from the first years
of the establishment of the Church of the Visitation, as the
district was sponge center. The feast of 2 February, was
established as an official celebration dedicated to the
As the years go by, in May 1912, the Italians occupied
Dodecanese and installed as conquerors displacing the
Quickly find the great fact, that the main basis of national
consciousness of the people is closely interwoven from the
depths of centuries, the Orthodox Eastern Church. This
large obstacle to the design of Italians de-Hellenization of
the islands trying to weaken and neutralize it.
In Kalymnos the Metropolitan Apostolos is facing a hostile
climate of clergy and people. On October 19 1934 the
holyclergy of Kalymnos meet at the Church of the Visitation
and "the Christian conscience and the fear of God," swears
by the altar 'as follows:' denounces the Metropolitan and will
only mention the patriarchal name, will carry sacred struggle
until it found a sound solution from the Patriarchate. If one
of the priests arrested by the authorities will close the
churches and any ritual or sacrament will not be performed
(The archimandrites Anthimos petals and Sophronius
bosom, priests Ioannis Zografos and Savvas Cutter, Saint
The work of the church in society. The church apart from the
religious tasks and performs a social project. Develops
volunteering at parish level in society. Trying to bring people
closer to the church. Also, sick people who have no
relatives, church visits.
Even in poor families provide food and medicine or in
othercases to students who need financial support provides
Besides all this, the church today preserves cultural
traditions and customs of the place.
Finally, examples of all the priests and their acts we
strengthen our morale, especially in front of the difficult
times we are experiencing today.
Religion Churches- Holy Mother of God named Virgin Hosti
by Kapella Themelina and Mary Zairi (Chrysopigi brought us)
Once upon a time, a night of Easter, many people have gone
deep in the church of the Virgin Mary, located in the harbor
of Rina. The priest chanted Christ is Risen. Everyone with
their candles lit in the yard, happy and laughing does the
sign of cross.
Suddenly it was heard a loud voice e, e, e, Kyra Panagia,
chosou (Virgin Mary, our lady, go deep in the earth). The
voice came over from the chapel of Agia Irini which is up
high in the mountains on the opposite side. And
immediately, it was like the earth was opened and swallowed
up the church along rammed with them were attending the
What had happened? Those years had many pirates. They
went everywhere, especially on small islands, unattended,
and made many disasters. Stole what they found,
slaughtered, they get slaves for their ships. So that evening,
a pirate ship came. Because it could not, arrives in the port
of Rina, which every evening was closed by a thick chain,
moored off. The Pirates got out, went up the mountain and
began to descend toward the Deep. Then Saint Irene saw
them and Mary shouted to the ram, to save the Christians
will slaughtered everyone without fail.
The place where the Virgin Mary is built, only dirt and stones
were left. But those who went out of there, not knowing
anything, sometimes voices heard and felt an beautiful scent
Once they decided to dig and found underneath the church.
When the church was again up the earth, people gave it the
name Virgin Hosti which every summer works as main
A few years ago, a night that will soon hit the bells for the
Resurrection, two shepherds, arrived at the port of Rina with
their boat. They came from Palionisos island and brought
dry cheese and fresh cheese. They did not have time to go
to the town of Potheia and they had to stay there. They said
therefore one to look after the boat and the other to go high
to shares that priest.
Holy Mother of God named "KyraPsili" (very high at the top
of Mountain) by Helen Magkou, b2, 2nd High School of
Kalymnos (Chrysopigi brought us the information)
Always down of the mountain at the island people could see
at the old days up there a light shimmering. The thought
was that it was a star in the sky. One day a goat that had
escaped from the herd, it returned to the muzzle wet. One,
two times, three times. Then the shepherd came in the wake
and found a cave where the rock came from water. In one
corner stood a smiling Madonna. It was the icon of Panagia
Kyra Psili. He picked it up and went down to the priest. He
put it in the Church. The morning was not in the position
they had put it. They went up the mountain and found it at
the same position that the shepherd had found it. This was
done three times. Then they realized that Holy Virgin,
Mother of God wanted to stay there. So they decided to build
in that part a church. The difficulty, however, was how to
carry up there materials. Then a monk in his dream saw a
woman who suggested the place to dig to find sand and
lime. Really dug into that part and found materials like saw
in his dream the monk. This solved the problem and built
the church of Kyra Psili who since became the most
pilgrimage place of the island.
The Church of Saint John the Theologian in Kalymnos
by Alexander K.
The church of Saint Theologian built in 1848, but in 1932
the parishioners of the church decided to expand their
church. Because many people had moved to Kalymnos from
above islands (ie Patmos) and had to be a church to serve
the needs of the parishioners. Leading to demolish a part of
to construct new kommati.I church is built of stone and
generally these materials came from Kalymnos. The costs of
construction came from donations Olympitou families
Theodore Anfredou, Zervos (Zarafti) and family Nikita and
Maria Cretan whose specific donation chrisimopoiithike for
the creation of the belfry and from Parishioners of the
church who already contribute with icons that are present in
the church today. The church was painted mainly by
Anthony Karafyllaki who made the temple, the center of the
church, the apostles, and the Panntokratora Angels .Omos in
the 90 'a young painter from Mount Athos painted the sides
of the main temple and the Sanctuary . I.. Fillipotis created
the gateway to the Sanctuary and the staircase which leads
to the site to which recites the Gospel. Originally the church
was built in place before the cemetery, due to the needs, but
the parishioners decided to transfer the bones and build the
The church of St. Savvas, Kalymnos by Faneroula M., B2)
The magnificent temple of St. Savas of the miraculous
towering just above the harbor and is decorated with special
artistic value and quality frescoes. Visitors can worship the
skull of saint piously kept in the temple. The breathtaking
view of the valley of Pothia and the sea area to the east
along with the serenity of the monastery, complete the
uniqueness of the exterior of the church. The church is built
in a location of great beauty, where there is unobstructed
view of the valley.
Traditional Kalymnian Home (by Faneroula M., B2)
The Kalymnian House is a private Folklore Museum of Mrs. Faneromeni Skylla Halkidiou, which aims to preserve and promote the Kalymnian lifestyle of the past century. Located on the southern outskirts of Agion Panton Monastery, near "Vothynoi" and have popular culture and household effects of old household objects. The museum is a restored traditional Kaklymnian house where you will find clustered items from whole our island exposed in such a way that revives the story of a traditional urban house at the end of 19th and early 20th century. You will travel to the main daily activities, social events and, of course, the legendary life of Kalynian spongediver man! In this beautiful house youll see, including traditional costumes, daily utilitarian objects even representation of household activities and work. The museum is open daily at these hours : 08.30-14.00. For more information please contact the Museum on the phone: from 22,430 to 51,633.
Traditional Kalymnian House
Comments on a video about
The video for the Kalymnian house describes the wedding traditions that had
Kalymnos and the costumes of Kalymnos womens. It states the following
Firstly, the day of the wedding the friends of the groom went and took him from his
house accompanied by violin, to take him to church. Secondly, the mother when
entering the new house of her son and the bride of, scatter on the floor nuts and
shouted good luck to break the matchmaking (she did this only when her parents
Moreover,for a time not planted nor alive nurtured, because they wanted the power
of fruiting go to the couple to make a lot of children. In addition, when a couple
marry, behind wreaths a daughter, with alive parents, cut a piece climate and put
it there which had three knots, symbolized the Holy Trinity. The climate placed
behind the wreaths, as I mentioned before and hold up with white thread .
Now as far as women's clothing, daughters whose mothers of small wore them
kerchiefs (google it) which was silk and hand painted. The wedding day, the
kerchiefs was opened, for the womans to show the gold jewelery and the them
necks . Another special details are, that the kerchiefs had two views , one side
had the eagle that symbolized freedom and this was woren from free daughters,
unlike the other side had a wreath with two birds which symbolize marriage, so
locals could understand if a girl was available or not .
Traditional Life/Ancient Occupations- Chrysopigi
Occupations on Ancient Times :
Klaofores, the women were picked up branches for fire
Many times as I throw my look at our mountain of the slopes, I
suppose that even seeing women klaofores (they carry on their
soulders bradches of trees for fire), loaded head the bundle branches.
Maybe because I always liked watching them from afar, since they were
shown on top and quinoa slowly, first as an undetermined volume that
moved and only as approaching the low edges of mountain of the
One of the heavier work of the old cover was to go for collecting
branches for fire and oven. Heavy work, however, necessary and close
to homemade own bakery, with branches illuminated and warmed the
humble house in winter frost. In older times, many were those who
went on the branches. And if they are not going, but were
experiencing, and has remained as a beautiful memory.
This work later was left in the parliamentary bundle branches to
klaofores, who were doing for occupation: to sell the bundle branches,
to feed their family as it was miserable or to study children and
siblings, can they issue scientists with their heavy toil.
Slowly the war, and he was lost, especially since each housewife
ceased to knead and bake bread of whole the week.
But even all of our generation remember the klaofores to descend the
slopes of the mountains, with huge bundles branches in the head and
then cross the narrow streets of the village and of Pothia to go to put
away in the house RAPID ordered .
From afar I imagine stand up similar to ancient statues, only with his
head slightly bowed, he lifted that weight wholeness, but with firmer
body and bouncy step, small, jumped, because it was imposed by the
pressure of the bale from above
No longer were like women, they look like little goddesses, fairies of
the mountain, priestesses they were far from their goal, but me
purpose, to keep unquenchable fire of their home, sacrificing sleep
and paying it disproportionate to their wives forces.
Filled our mountains of twigs, but to find large branches are klaofores
be they issue whole sheaf had to go away, two or three hours away
many times, climbing peaks, descending ravines to succeed virgins
kalymniestopous with thyme a hug each and chinopodia.
Always they were started for the branches, with three or four or more,
never a nun of. How to start the nun, it was still night, three or four
Traditional life Kalymnos Greece Dances Chrysopigi
The dance is danced in various events such as weddings, feasts and festivals and is much
loved. It is purely a male dance. It is a representation of the "gripped" mechanic, that the
diver who was diving with scuba and caught, having suffered the disease of divers was
This dance began almost 50 years ago, but the roots of the actual dance with a hero truly
caught mechanical, dating from the end of last century. Then we had the first engineers
and first "stiff". The complete ignorance of diving rules, was the reason there were many
unfortunate victims of this type, that is "flat" and "caught." According to history, the
engineer vibrates, falls down and gets up again to dance accompanied by special melody
of engineering inspired by sfoungaradiki bravery and valor.
The old man and the old woman, by Themelina Kapella and
Once upon a time there was an old man and an old woman.
They lived on their own because they had no children. But
they was loved and looked after one another.
One day the old man, who was going there, he found a
metal (a coin of small value). Immediately he turned back.
Once she saw the old man she worried.
What happened to my old man and came back so quickly?
Are you sick?
No, says the old man, but I found a metal I came to see
what we will do with it!.
In little old lady says: I found it! We can buy candies to a
little sweetened our means.
The old man did not liked this idea, he said.
Come to your good, wife. Beautiful are the candies, but stick
to the teeth. I say give nuts. He did it well and tell the old
Whats wrong with my husband? Dont think that half the
nuts are shells? Leave that many of them are deaf.
The old man thought it again. Well, then find something that
does not have shells and will not stick to your teeth.
Where were thinking tossed over with the old forums and
says: I found it, I found it.
What you found so again? Lets see.
I found it. We will buycollard greens! what she
He did not filled his eyes of the collard greens, but to say
and the right skewed, the collard greens were not shells and
neither stick to the teeth.
So they bought collard greens, they cooked the leaves, they
put plenty olive oil of Kalymnos and they ate fine.
Not even the poster liquid of collard greens go of the hurt.
They put on it olive oil, lemon and salt and drank it and they
were very nice.
With the left over made and a little bed from leaves and
brunches. Goes over the old man, but not the cot sank. Goes
over the old lady is not sunk. Tucked and a mouse, and
tsoup, going under the cot!
It was offered by Chrysopigi. We thank her very much.
Moral and habits of Easters Day (Pascha) of Kalymnos Manycustomsareseparateonthe
Materials: 1 pound of chickpeas,1 kilo of onions, 1 cup oil, 2 tablespoons tomato paste, Salt,
The night before, put the chickpeas in a bowl with enough water and a tablespoon of salt. T
leave it that way until the next afternoon that drain and t mix with the oil, tomato paste,
salt and pepper. Then put them in a clay pot and cover with thinly sliced onions. Put a little
rosemary. Are doing in our neighborhood bakery and the bakery bakes all night.
5. Pancakes Kalymnian
Materials: 2 pounds of flour, 1 teaspoon salt, 1 teaspoon Chian mastic, 80 g. fresh yeast,
glass of wine ouzo, Lukewarm water as needed, Cotton seed oil
We make a slurry with the above materials. Cover with towel for 1 hour to rise. In a deep
pot, add plenty of oil. Once cooked well with a spoon (which has a hole in the middle and is
specific for pancakes), fry the mixture me. Leave for a little pancake on one side and then
fried with a fork to turn the other side. The put in a colander to drain the oil. Finally sprinkle
with honey, cinnamon and roasted almonds.
Revithokeftedes (meetballs from chickpeas)
pound of chickpeas, , 1 large onion, 1 small tomato, 2 cloves of garlic, 1 spring onion, 15-
20 mint leaves, Greenstick, Salt, pepper, oregano, Flour, Sunflower
At night we put a pound chickpeas in a pot with fresh water to swell. In the morning strain,
rinse and crush little by little into the blender. Grate the grater one large onion, a little
tomato, two cloves of garlic and one chopped onion and fresh mint leaves 15-20 preferably
chlorine. Add salt, pepper, oregano and 4 to 5 heaped tablespoons flour and kneaded to not
dissolve and mix all the ingredients together. In a pan put sunflower and just burn, mold
revythkefte one to one and pour. Once browned one side and we go the other. When you
are ready to let it drain for two minutes on kitchen paper, then serve.
7. Fishermans spagheti
Materials: pound spaghetti, 10 large shrimp, 10 black mussels, 1 red pepper, 5 cloves of
garlic, 1 glass of white wine, Salt, Freshly ground pepper, Parsley, Olive oil,
Wash the prawns and clean without removing the head. Put the shrimp in a deep skillet over
medium heat. Clean and wash the mussels well. Add the mussels to the pan with the shrimp
and strengthens the fire. Once the prawns change color salt and pepper and add the wine.
After two minutes, add the sliced garlic and chopped pepper. Pour the olive oil and stir. Boil
the pasta. Just boil the pasta, drain and add to the pan with the shrimp and mussels. Stir. We
offer our spaghetti on a platter and sprinkle with parsley.
Squids with rice inside (kalamarakia gemista)
Ingredients for sauce : 1 pound squid, pound rice Carolina, 1 large onion, Parsley, 1 cup oil,
Pepper, salt, 1 cup tomato sauce, 3 cups water,
Execution Wash the squid, remove the tentacles. Finely chop the onion, parsley and
tentacles. In a saucepan, saute the onion and oil. Add the parsley, salt and pepper, tomato
sauce and three glasses of water. Allow to cook 30 minutes over low heat, let it cool.
Ingredients for the filling : pound rice Carolina. 1 large onion, Parsley, 1 cup oil, Pepper,
salt, 1 cup tomato sauce,5 cups water.
Execution In a deep pan, add the chopped tentacles oil, onion and parsley, saut., Then add
the sauce with salt, pepper and water. Allow to cook for 20 minutes over very low heat and
add the rice and stir for two minutes. Then remove from heat for 2 minutes.
Materials: pound vine, pound of ground beef, pound ground pork, 2 cups glutinous
rice, 1 cup tomato juice, 2 large onions, chopped, 3 tablespoons vegetable butter, 1 cup
olive oil, 2 ripe tomatoes, 2 eggs, Juice of one, lemon, Salt and pepper.
Steam them in a little hot water the vine, until softened. In a large bowl knead well minced
meat, rice, onions, butter, tomato puree and seasoning as desired. Then we lay on the
bottom of a wide pot some leaves until they reached the bottom, let us stick to the food.
Then take a vine leaf, put it in the center of a little of the mixture in the pan tightly wrap it in
packets and put the pot next to each other in a circle. This process continues until the entire
mixture over. In the end, above the sheets we lay the tomatoes cut into thin slices, drizzle
with olive oil, salt and pepper and cover the leaves with a deep dish, upside down.
Materials: 1 kid, the gutted carcass. The liver and lungs minced goat., 3 to 4 onions, Butter,
margarine, olive oil, 1 kilo of rice nychaki, Tomato puree, Salt and pepper, Cinnamon,
Blanched almonds, cut in the shape of pine,1 lemon, Some vine branches 1 deep clay pot
Execution First prepare the kid. Wash it well, add salt and pepper, brush with the lemon
inside and out. Exterior baste with butter, cinnamon and tomato paste. We go to the filling.
Inflating the lung, put it in slightly warm water and chop into small pieces. Chop and liver.
Put the livers and lungs to drink their water.
Then add the oil, a little butter, chopped onions and saute. After throwing almonds and after
rice since we wash in warm water and natural salt analogue. Delve into the rice with stir
remaining ingredients and add half a glass of water. Fill the carcass with the stuffing and sew
the belly. Spread the bottom of the hull with vine branches and spread over the stuffed
goat. Close the pot and seal the cracks with dough made from flour and water. The sealed
hull comes in a traditional oven that have lit branches, since warm enough off the fire and
let the coals. Then we put in the mououri door and build with bricks and mud to close
tightly. The morning opened and the mououri ready. By Maria ambouris, B1
Recipes of Greece http://padlet.com/wall/sz38nke28l
They were brought from Chyrospigi, Anastasia, Andreas, Irene, Michael
Sports in Kalymnos Diving - Chrysopigi
Diving in Kalymnos Kalymnos is ideal place to start diving,
to train and practice your advanced diving skills! The net
high visibility without streams warm sea around our
beautiful island, provides an excellent rocky bottom with a
rich ecosystem full of caves, reefs, shipwrecks and swell.
The diving heritage of Kalymnos will add extra flavor to your
diving searches! Any, man, woman, child, from 1070 years
old can take part in diving and our educational programs
provided they are healthy! Enjoy your holidays in Kalymnos,
diving in the amazing underwater world with "Kalymnos
Diving Center"! http://www.diversisland-
CLIMBING ON KALYMNOS
Climbing in Kalymnos began in 1997 when an Italian climber discovered and opened its first 40
tracks. Later the municipality laid the foundations for how to open routes, which nowadays is 2,500
and each route has its own equipment, around 10-15 gait. Also it worths mentioning that Kalymnos
has emerged as the first world climbing determination.
THE CONTRIBUTION OF CLIMBING THE ISLAND OF KALYMNOS
Below we will see how it has helped finance climbing the island. Climbers reinforce the locals when
you dine in our restaurants when staying in our hotels when they buy their basic needs and when
they go out for walks. Finally, our island is advertised by multinational companies such as North Face
and other miscellaneous. So the island is widely known throughout the world, so every year we have
more and more profits from climbers according to recent studies.
Sports Diving : VISIT THE MARITIME MUSEUM KALYMNOY HISTORY OF DIVING (28/10/2012)
Traditional Architecture Kalymnos Greece -
The folk architecture of Kalymnos. Writer : Fani Reisi, architect -
engineer An article brought by Chrysopigi R.
This season has witnessed a shift of societies towards the
traditions, manners and customs, and the keen interest in the
traditions of other peoples. We see, for example, revive forgotten
customs. Local music know worldwide success. Organise festival
with exotic cuisines. And all this surrounded with a newfound
Much less is unfortunately the interest that we pay as a society to
protect our traditional architecture, even though it is a key piece of
cultural heritage. This gap will try to cover today taking a first look
at our local architecture. Is it a first class opportunity to meet, or
better, to remember, our social and
cultural roots, our habits and traditions? Why examining a
settlement created without presidential decrees, building
conditions, engineers and urban, with only through a few meters of
land, the local ingredients but with much wisdom and love, then we
learn the history of this place. All other historical monuments of
past times preserved in the vast majority of public buildings, can
only tell a story from the side of the powerful, that which prevailed.
If you think about one, the traditional villages are the only ones
that knowing them from within, we unfold the popular culture that
Chora or Chorio, Main Village of Kalymnos
In Kalymnos particularly, only in 1660, by reducing piracy begins to
be built at the foot of the Castle the new settlement of the village.
Until then, residents living in the castle. Outside, there are only
cultivable land for oil, wheat and honey. The land belongs to the
community and individual properties are limited to trees and plants
(known until today spores). The sponge is already a serious
resource in the economic life of the island In the second half of the
18th century, the development of the settlement of the village form
the neighborhoods that reveal and socioeconomic stratification.
Large houses in Thenia, which is the neighborhood of dignitaries
and captains, small houses in Argatza, which is the neighborhood
Pothia - Port of Kalymnos
The late 18th century. characterized by economic prosperity
derived from trade oil, honey, sponge and Kontrabando. Sample
this boom is the construction of Panagia Village. Also, a sample of
the boom is the taxation of the carpenter professions of mason and
several other professions concerned by the Turks. Then, the
construction of the village of Chora and the same period is the
distribution of communal land with imbalance in favor of large
Around 1860 begins the colonization of Pothia. The first Hamlets
and villages areas are created on two opposite sides of the harbor,
the Marasia. There probably were installed auxiliary workers in
sponge diving, who moved from the village in search of cheaper
land and housing that is closer to the workplace. Wealthier families
who move from village installed Choni and Amoudara, and form of
the settlements start acquiring neoclassical features a fashion that
comes from European capitals by traffickers of the sponge that
have members located in Europe.
But the middle class, who lives in the valley lying between Marasia,
copy the forms of the mansions, but more simplified. The Marasia,
still inhabited by the working classes, begin to imitate Ms. these
neoclassical forms, most often simply adding a pitched tiled roof
During the Italian occupation, the port is the center of gravity of
economic and social life of the country. Draw roads and the
settlement developed along the road. Consolidate the country
villages and Pothia and extending to rural villages Panormo and
We can safely say that until the mid-19th century. The local
architecture evolve hand in accordance with the needs and
economic growth, but remains without substantial influence from
the architectural currents anaptyssontoai in Europe. We can talk,
that is, to folk architecture of Kalymnos.
Marassi of St. Nickolas
Marassi of Saint Stephan
Traditional Kalymnian House
In one room, the "Kanja", is the oldest type of Kalymnian house. A
low-ceilinged stone-oblong room, with dimensions 3,50-4,00m.
the narrow side and 7,00-8,00m the long side. On one side there is
the bed and in the other the paratsa, the fire place where they
were cooking. The door in the middle of the building. It usually had
two small windows located or both on the obverse or the main and
one on the side. In a window located at the paratsa and the other
on the krevattos (=large bed for whole family).
This ensured the correct lighting and ventilation of both while the
home protected from the winter cold. The space was long and
narrow, because the local wooden beamed that must accommodate
it was scarce and of poor quality.
One floor Kalymnian House
Bed place = Krevatos
Paratsa, fire place
So it had to bridge the shortest possible opening. Above the
wooden beams to cover the gaps between them, placed reeds and
later boards, a layer of shrubs, algae and finally patelia
Within this small space, they lived in a wonderful way the
multitudinous Kalymnian family. Functionality and economy of
space impresses the visitor today. The bed, which at night is the
bedroom of the couple and all the minor members of the family
are also closet "good clothes. day is sitting, and storage space for
makeshift mattresses and blankets. Under the krevatto was the
pantry. The warehouse had oil, honey, pots of almonds and figs
and everything else can collect the Family to pull out the winter. For
the little leftover from the pot of the day there "refrigerator". A
small hole above the door usually is open all summer and keeps
cool in the basket hanging from the ceiling, where the dish of the
day is saved. The remaining space, which in winter is the kitchen,
dining and living days and sleeping nights for adult family
members, has a built-in closet for clothes, paratsa to cook winter
warms the house and dresser for diners and suppers.
In spring and summer, things are more spacious. All things are in
the courtyard: cooking, washing dishes and laundry by geitonema
and sleep are out. That is why the courtyards is meticulously clean
and whitewashed. It is also clean and whitewashed and the streets
and small squares created between the houses.
Why is the social life of the neighborhood comes from the confines
of the property and is spread all over the space. Private and public
become one, not only utilitarian but also aesthetic and their care is
a matter of every housewife in the section of the road set. Even
today, in some neighborhoods of the village, one finds it difficult to
distinguish where the court ends and where begins the public
The colors that dominate are the natural colors of stone and wood
and lime. The intensity of the sun and shadow and indigo in the
lime gives the houses all other shades and tones.
The houses with the passage of time and economic rise, grow. They
become two floors. Originally, the ground floor is a low ceiling and
the floor is a few centimeters below the elevation of the courtyard.
The basement has exactly the same function as the Katza. It is the
kitchen, the living room and the family bedroom. Upstairs leads an
external staircase. Many times, below this staircase is auxiliary
room, the cistern. Shortly afterwards, the house becomes a normal
two-storey and the space under the stairs, if any, is the kitchen of
the house. Grows the need for concentration inside the house,
grow respectively and the living room, without this meaning that
incapacitated the courtyard as a place of assembly of relatives and
Two floor Kalymnian House
Upstairs is the krevvatos where sleeps the couple or the guests,
and the official site, the living room. This area, landscaped and
decorated with the best furniture and embroidery, still closed
waiting for the great events that occur in the family ....
The great pleasure and death. Then we will open wide to friends
and relatives of the house, come spontaneously, without an
invitation to participate in the joy or sorrow. The beds are
separated from the remaining space with chat, a light wooden
structure that stands out visually only, space sleep from the rest.
The variant of the pure two-storey with external staircase has
begun to accept the influences of neoclassicism in the form and the
ground plan of the building. The face becomes more strict as to the
symmetry axis and the decor gientai more elaborate. Downstairs is
the kitchen and living room, and floor, the sleeping area.
The introduction of wood from Greece and Europe abolishes the
binding of the rectangular building. It may now be more square and
bigger. The roof tiles, four-sided or pitched, replacing the roof.
The marble decorates the sides. Through separate the uses. The
kitchen, the living room and bedrooms are now separate rooms.
Among them there is a wide corridor for the first time the latrine is
built together with the house. The escalation of the privacy of the
building follows the social status of its owner. The staircase is
internal. The courtyard perimantronetai and differentiation between
private and dimiosiou space is now clear. Along with the new
format display u new colors. The green and ocher tones, the more
yellow to the finest redcouloured soil make social contrast and
But when later the Italian conqueror prohibits blue white paint in
homes for antiaircraft protection, then white and indigo Kalymnian
represent the colors of the Greek flag. A peculiar "color war"
begins. The Italians impose vyssali (brick color), the Favatata
(ocher) and the Patelles (violet) to the sides of the houses.
Kalymnians, at evening the whitewashing to have a better target the
enemies of their conquerors. In the morning the Italians repaint
with lampblack, again from the beginning. This intense alternation
of dark and bright colors, the coats of lime which were not
removed but joined laminated, shuffle and other colors together.
They broke new color gradations, more hazy, who managed to beat
only the opaque plastic color that came to Kalymnos after its union
with Greece. This familiarity with the many different and vibrant
colors and use them according to the temperament of the owner of
the house, was until recently the strong differentiation of Kalymnos
from neighboring islands.
Newclassic Houses in Kalymnos
The seemingly simple, humble form of the building is far from
simplistic. It is the expression of the need of lighting and
ventilation of the house, and the proper ratio of "full and empty" as
we often say in architecture. The ratio that is between the walls and
doors and windows, to be such that the building is not only, but
also shows the fixed strong shelter family fort. The axis of
symmetry exists, but the placement of the frames are not
necessarily symmetrical, because it is determined by the rules of
function and aesthetics. The result anyway is the simple, austere
Doric form of the building. Its aesthetic was admired by all
researchers - thinkers of modern architecture but if everyone
recognize the innate talent of the craftsman in shaping harmonious
appearance, the game of volumes caressing and attracts the eye,
we can not but admire the extensive use specialized knowledge
The formula of the golden section (m: M = M (M + m), in a nutshell,
is the one who
gives us the relative length and width featuring classical harmonic
ratio. It is the rule
that extensive use of the Parthenon is one of the reasons that make
monument in world history of architecture. The implementation of
the rule of the
golden mean we will find the proportions of the windows in most
homes this time lost
when the requirements of neoclassicism Fashion require different
Folk wisdom, forgotten knowledge or absolute sense of
Either way, understanding the aesthetic value of such rules, the
selection of their use and the correct application inevitably causes
admiration and our respect. Our folk architecture is the result of
practical problems and solutions provided over the centuries apmi
experts, but with the wisdom of our techniques taught today
relearn by qualified scientists. The new technologies we relearn the
necessity of economy of space material and energy ... respect for
But we still have at least the application in front of our eyes. An
endangered because it covers our current housing needs and that
preserve what is left of it.
But if memories are not enough to make us to respect and preserve
the homes of grandparents and our grandmothers, could we do it
knowing that the ergonomics, technical and art coexist
harmoniously in them? If we are happy with the buildings by which
we replace, then why our eye is magnetized by the other, the small?
We can selectively sensitizes the preservation of our neoclassical or
even the buildings of the Italian occupation and to break down the
monuments of our local culture? The tourist development of high
aesthetics of traditional settlements has so far been the reason for
the conservation of some of them. Today, more than ever, need to
appreciate and unique historical and cultural value, to salvage what
was left and to others.
A Knitting Questionnaire for Kalymnos
Answer it!by Chrysopigi- Irene- Anastasia- Andreas-
Anagnostirion Ae Mousae is :
1. a museum in Kalymnos?2. a cultural center ?3. a beautiful beach?
Here is the photo of saint
a. Savvas of Kalymnosb. Panteleimon of Vathysc. Angels of Vathys
This is the icon of : a. Saint Panteleimon of Vathysb. Saint Savvas of Kalymnosc. saint John the Vaptist
Folk Architecture of Kalymnos. What of the three pictures shows a Newclassic Kalymnian House ?
a. b. c.
Which of two pictures shows Kalymnian krevatos?
See the picture and answer : Klaofores were Kalymnian women who:a. They picked up
woods for ovensb. They swewed clothesc. They made bread
What is the picture shows a Kalymnian traditional bride?
a. b. c.
How can we call this traditional dance of Kalymnos?
Syrtos Issios Sousta Engineers
Which of the pictures shows a cycladic idol found at a cave of Kalymnos?
a b. c.
Fix the names of Kalymnian sports with their pictures
a. 1. climbing
b. 2. diving
What pictures show kalymnian traditional food? a b. c.
kalymnian mouri stuffed vine leaves stuffed squids
d. e. f.
caramelised crackers mermizeli salad microwave cake