3 ΑΙΘ ΕΛΑΙΑ ΙΙ

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Transcript of 3 ΑΙΘ ΕΛΑΙΑ ΙΙ

  • Lamiaceae

    Apiaceae

    Asteraceae

  • Myrtaceae

  • Cinnamomum

    camphora

    Cinnamomum

    verum

    Lauraceae

    Laurus nobilis

  • Rutaceae

  • Lamiaceae -

    Ocimum sp.

    Origanum sp.

    Thymus sp.

    Satureja sp.

    Lavanda sp.

    Hyssopus sp.

    Mentha sp.

    Melissa sp.

    Salvia sp.

    Rosmarinus sp.

    ,

    -

  • Ocimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae -

    - ,

    ,

    ,

    ,

    ,

    , ,

    , ,

    , . ,

    40%

    25%

    Runion Runion,

    , ,

    , ,

    ,

    Java Java,

    ,

    ,

  • Origanum vulgare L. Lamiaceae

    Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum

    (

    , )

    -

    -

    , ,

    Herba Origani

    -

  • Origanum dictamus L.-

    Origanum majorana L. -

    -

    , ,

    - -.

    ,

    : , ,

    , , ,

    ,

    !

    -

  • Thymus vulgaris L. Lamiaceae -

    Herba Thymi

    ,

    (/) -

    ( )

    -

    - EMA-( )

    -

    /-

    ,

    , (1:5,

    1:10, 70% )

    (30-70%),

    (3-15%)

    .

  • Rosmarinus officinalis L. Lamiaceae-

    Folia Rosmarini

    , .

    1,8,-

    -EMA:

    1.

    2. , ( )

    : , , ,

    ,

    (. , ,

    ) ,

    (+/- Gram), ,

    :

    -

    -

    -:

  • , ,

    .

    , /

    ,

    - , ,

    .

    Mentha x piperita L.

    (Mentha aquatica

    L.) (Doc. Ref. EMEA/HMPC/193910/2007).

    Mentha piperita L. Lamiaceae -

    Mentha spicata -

    50%

    10-30 %

    ,

    ,

    ,

  • ,

    ,

    (,

    , ,

    )

    ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    .

    ,

    -22C &

    Mentha arvensis ssp.

    piperascens

    ,

  • !!!

    isopiperitone

    Mentha spicata

    .

    Mentha piperita

  • Mentha piperita

    European

    Pharmacopoeia

  • 80% !!!

    Mentha pulegium -

    !!!

  • Mojito

  • Salvia officinalis L. Lamiaceae -

    S. triloba, S. sclarea, S. calicina, S. pomifera

    -, - ( 30-60% . ),

    1,8,-, , ,

    : , , ,

    (, )

    .

    Salvia sclarea: 10-30% ,

    Salvia triloba (S. fruticosa): 1,8- 1-7%

    ,

    -( GABA 5-HT3)

    ,

    +

    -

    5

    . GABA (barbiturates,

    benzodiazepines)

  • Melissa officinalis L. Lamiaceae- Lemon balm -

    Folia Melissae, ,

    , ,

    EMA: , ,

    ,

    (),

    10-30% 20-40%

    GABA

  • Lavandula angustifolia = Lavandula officinalis

    30-60%

    1,8-

    Provence

  • L. angustifolia L. intermedia L. latifolia

    25-38% 24-45% 34-50%

    . -

    25-45% 28-38% -2%

    ,

    L. angustifolia L. latifolia

  • :

    , (

    )

    : ,

    , , , ,

    ,

    , ,

    . (L. angustifolia)

    GABA.

    .

    ( , 2 A1 A2, +)

    - !!!

    GABA

  • Hyssopus officinalis L. - Lamiaceae

    ,

    !!!

  • Asteraceae

  • Matricaria Chamomilla L. Chamomilla recutita L. Asteraceae

    Matricariae flos-

    ()--,

    . .

    . :

    : (2-18%), (-)--

    ( 50%) A B , trans--

    , ..

    2

  • -

    (

    (), . , ,

    )

    /- : ,

    :

    -, ,

  • Matricaria Chamomilla L. Chamomilla recutita L. Asteraceae

    Matricariae flos

    , - (/)

    (/)

    ()

    (-

    /-/)( ,

    , )

    :

    . Asteraceae

    ( , )

  • Matricaria Chamomilla L. Chamomilla recutita L. Asteraceae

    Matricariae flos

    /

    (/)

    , ,

    a-(-)-Bisabolol:

    , ,

    , aftershave,

    , , ,

    , ,

  • Artemisia absinthium L. Asteraceae

    - -

    - 1915 -

    :

    10mg

    GABA,

  • Apiaceae

  • Pimpinella anisum L. Apiaceae

    Foeniculum vulgare L.

    80-90%

    -, ,

    ( )

    - ,

    -

    -

    -, ,

    ( )

    - ,

    --

    F. vulgare var. dulce =

    50-60%

    !!!

  • In 2001 cases of poisoning were reported in the Netherlands, Spain and France where

    Japanese star anise had been accidentally used in place of Chinese star anise.

    , ,

    , ,

    ,

    Illicium verum Hook. - IlliciaceaeIllicium anisatum L. - Illiciaceae

  • Myrtaceae

  • Syzygium aromaticum L. Myrtaceae -

    Flores Caryophylli

    - -

    : ,

    in vitro

    - -

  • Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Myrtaceae

    :

    , ,

    (1,8-) 7085%.

  • Cinnamomum

    camphora

    Cinnamomum

    ceylanicum

    Lauraceae

    Laurus

    nobilis

  • Cinnamomum ceylanicum Nees, Cinnamomum cassia Nees-LauraceaeCinnamomi Ceylanici Cinnamomi Chinensis

    Cortex Cinnamomi:

    -, &

    -

    (6075%)

    Cinnamomum ceylanicum

    Cinnamomum camphora Lauraceae

    : , . .

    =>

    -

    (, )

    - -

  • Piper nigrum L. Piperaceae

    Piper nigri fructus

    Piper fructus albus

    -

    (-, -),

    : ,

  • Citrus aurantium L. ssp. aurantium-

    Citrus sinensis

    Citrus limon-

    Citrus reticulata-

    Citrus paradisi-

    Rutaceae

    :

  • Flavedo

    -

    -

    -albedo

    ()

  • Citrus aurantium L. ssp. aurantium - Rutaceae

    ,

    96-98%

    : -3

    ,

    Citrus limon L. Rutaceae

    60-75%

    8-12 -

    8-10% -

    1

    34

    - -

  • Citrus aurantium L. ssp. bergamia Rutaceae

    33-42 %

    5-10 -

    6-10% -

    7-15%

    22-33%

    1

    34

    : ,

    ,

    GABA

  • . petitgrain

    .

    . Neroli

    ,

    ,

    6 1 ..

    ,

  • Rosa sp. Rosa centifollia L., Rosa gallica L. Rosa damascena

    - Rosaceae

    , , ,

    -

    - (

    )

    -

    22-50%

    25-55%

    14-16%

    8-16%

  • Samuelson G. Drugs of Natural Origin A textbook of Pharmacognosy, 1992, Swedish

    Pharmaceutical Press.

    Bruneton J. Pharmacognosie, phytochimie, plantes mdicinales (2e d.) 1999.

    Handbook of essential oils. K. H.C. Baser & G. Buchbauer (Ed) 2010. CRC Press. Taylor

    & Francis Group Boca Raton, FL 33487-2742.

    Barnes J., Anderson LA., J David Phillipson JD. 2007. Herbal Medicines.

    Pharmaceutical Press.

    EMA: Community Herbal Monographs on Mentha x piperita L. folium , Salvia

    officinalis L. folium , Melissa officinalis L. folium, Thymus vulgaris L. and Thymus

    zygis L., Herba , Origanum dictamnus L. herba, Rosmarinus officinalis L.,

    aetheroleum, Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merill et L. M. Perry, floris aetheroleum;

    Assessment report on Matricaria recutita L., flos and Matricaria recutita L.,

    aetheroleum .

    G.Woronuk, Z. Demissie, M. Rheault, S.Mahmoud. Biosynthesis and Therapeutic

    Properties of Lavandula Essential Oil Constituents. Planta Med 2011; 77: 715.

    GPP Kamatou , A.M. Viljoen, A Review of the Application and Pharmacological

    Properties of a-Bisabolol and a-Bisabolol-Rich Oils . J Am Oil Chem Soc (2010) 87:17

    D.P. de Sousa. Analgesic-like Activity of Essential Oils Constituents. Molecules 2011,

    16, 2233-2252

    G.Koliopoulos et al. Chemical composition and larvicidal evaluation of Mentha,

    Salvia, and Melissa essential oils against the West Nile virus mosquito Culex pipiens.

    Parasitol Res (2010) 107:327335.