Λειτουργικά συστήματα: BIOS και διαδικασία booting.

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Transcript of Λειτουργικά συστήματα: BIOS και διαδικασία booting.

  • (start-up / boot up) .

    - 2015 -

    http://leitourgika-systhmata-epal-b.ggia.info/Creative Commons License 3.0 Share-Alike NC

  • BIOS

    BIOS : Basic Input/Output System .

    , (firmware).

    (hardware) .

    boot-up .

  • BIOS (motherboard)

    / firmware BIOS. BIOS. flashing the BIOS.

    , motherboard . motherboard bios , .

    BIOS

  • BIOS RAM (CMOS Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) .

    BIOS ( , overclocking, ).

  • BIOS

    BT

    . BIOS.

  • MBR RecordMBR : (sector) Master Boot Record.

    1983 MS-DOS 2.0.

    () .

    ( ) loader () .

    : 2 Terrabytes.

  • Bootloader

    BIOS -hardware (, ) MBR Bootloader.

    MBR (partition table). MBR boot .

    MBR 512 bytes.

  • BIOS MBR UEFI

    BIOS MBR , 2010 UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) BIOS / MBR.

    UEFI boot sector ( MBR) partition.

  • GPT (GUID Partion Table)

    UEFI.

    GPT 8 ZettaBytes.

  • GPT

    Windows 64bit GPT . 32bit Windows / GPT ( BOOTING).

    Linux MAC OS X read/write/boot GPT .

    UEFI .

  • DOS

    .

    ACTIVE PARTITION.

    DOS

    4 partitions ():

    C:\ D:\, E:\ F:\ partition

    Partition - Extended ().

    extendedPartition

    Partitons .

  • Windows 7, 8 default

    System: :

    Primary Partition + ACTIVE

    Boot files

    Boot: Primary Partion,

    ACTIVE Windows 7

    .

    System partition C:\,

    C:\ primary partition.

  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phoenix_bios.jpg http://www.it.uom.gr/project/mycomputer/bios/bios.html http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fig1-b.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bios_chip-Phoenix_1998.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Award_BIOS_setup_utility.png http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BIOS_ASUS_P4SX-X.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phone_BIOS.jpg http://www.ata-atapi.com/hiwmbr.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Uefi_logo.svg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Harddrive-partition-extended-logical-volum

    es.png

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