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. . ... , 2005 Darren George Paul Mallery SPSS for Windows Step by Step: A Simple Guide and Reference 11.0 Update Copyright 2003 Pearson Education Inc. ISBN: 0-205-37552-9 www.ablongman.com/george Apro Arovmv yo tqv nopouoooq tmv ovoKormvI. GRADES.SAVTo Gr ades.sav civdi 1o dpycio cocvov nou 0d ypqoionoiqoouc yid 1qvndpouoidoq 1ov ncpioo1cpov o1d1io1ikov dvdAocov kdi cAcyyov nouidokov1di o1o ouykckpicvo d0qd. To dpycio du1 piokc1di o1qvqAck1povikq iAio0qkq 1ou c1dn1uyidko npoypdd1o, d(i c 1d 1pid dpycidnou dvdqcpov1di o1q ouvcycid.To dpycio du1 ncpicyci dkd1cpydo1d cocvd yid 1ov unoAoyio 1ov d0ovoc id ouykckpicvq 1dq. To ndpdciyd dvdqcpc1di oc cvd ovdik dpyciokdnoiou kd0qyq1q, o onoio idokci oc 1pid 1qd1d id 1dq c ncpinou 35qoi1q1c oc kd0c 1qd. An dpio1cpd npo 1d cid, oi c1dAq1c nouypqoionoiov1di o du1 1o dpycio cocvov civdi:Mc1dAq1q HcpiypdqqI D Edqqqio dpi0 nou dno1cAci 1qv 1du11q1d 1ou qoi1q1q.LASTNAME To cnovuo 1ou qoi1q1q.FI RSTNAM To ikp vod 1ou qoi1q1q.SEX To qAo 1ou qoi1q1q: 1= yuvdikd, 2 = dvpdETHNI C H c0vik1q1d 1ou qoi1q1q: 1= I0dycvq, 2= Aoid1q, 3 = Mdpo,4= Acuk ( yi Iondvqovo) 5= IondvqovoYEAR t1o o1q oyoAq: 1= Frosh (1o c1o) , 2= Soph (2o c1o) , 3= Junior( 3o c1o) , 4= Senior (4o c1o)LOWUP Ooi1q1q ndvo q kd1o dn 1o coo po: 1= Kd1o, 2= HdvoSECTI ON Tqd 1q 1dq ( 1 co 3) .GPA Mcoo po o1qv dpyq 1ou d0qd1o.ETRCRED Av o qoi1q1q cyci cninAcov d0o dn cpydoic q yi: 1= Oyi,2= NdiREVI EW Av o qoi1q1q cyci ndpdkoAou0qoci cndvdAqn1ikd d0qd1d q yi:1= Oyi, 2= NdiQUI Z1 cQUI Z5Bd0oi oc 5 npycipd idyoviod1d ( 1o kd0cvd c dpio1d 1o 10)kd1d 1q idpkcid 1ou cdqvou.FI NAL TcAikq cc1doq c dpio1d 1o 75.Z1q ouvcycid ndpouoid(ov1di 1d cocvd nou undpyouv o1o dpycio grades. sav.II . ANXIETY.SAVTo anxiet y.sav civdi 1o dpycio cocvov nou 0d ypqoionoiqoouc yid 1qvndpouoidoq 1q dnAq ndAivpqoq.To dpycio ncpiAddvci uno0c1ikd cocvd c dpi0 ndpd1qpqocov N = 73oyc1ikd c 1q oycoq 1ou cyc0ou dvqouyid/ dyyou npiv dn kdnoid cc1doq kdi1qv dnooq o1qv cc1doq du1q. HcpiAddvci o c1dAq1c:ex am: H d0oAoyid o1qv cc1doq c dpio1d 1o 100.anx i et y: cvd c1po 1ou dyyou npiv dn 1qv cc1doq, 1o onoio c1pd1di oc id10d0id kAidkd, dn dqA (0) o uqA (10) .III. HELPI NG1.SAVTo anxiet y.sav civdi 1o dpycio cocvov nou 0d ypqoionoiqoouc yid 1qvndpouoidoq 1q noAAdnAq ndAivpqoq.To dpycio ncpiAddvci npdyd1ikd cocvd c dpi0 ndpd1qpqocov N = 81kdi qioupyq0qkc yid vd ndpouoidoci 1q oycoq dvdcod oc idqopc c1dAq1ckdi 1o ypvo nou dndvd1di yid 1qv ndpoyq oq0cid o cvd qiAo. Hdp1iundpyouv ki dAAc c1dAq1c o1o dpycio, du1c nou ypqoionoiov1di yid 1qvndpouoidoq 1ov idikdoiov ndAivpqoq civdi oi cq: zhel p: oi 1ic z ( 1unonoiqcvq kdvovikq kd1dvoq) 1ou ypvou, o onoiodndvq0qkc yid 1qv dv1dnkpioq o1qv dvdykq 1ou qiAou, nou c1pd1di ocid kAidkd dn - 3 co + 3. sympat hy: q ound0cid, 1qv onoid dio0dv0qkc o ndpcyov 1q oq0ciddncvdv1i o1qv dvdykq 1ou qiAou kdi c1pd1di oc id kAidkd dn Ayq(1)co noAAq( 7) . anger : o 0u, 1ov onoio dio0dv0qkc o ndpcyov 1q oq0cid dncvdv1io1qv dvdykq 1ou qiAou ypqoionoici1di q iid cn1dd0id kAidkd. ef f i cacy: q dnoqq ckcivou nou ndpcyci 1q oq0cid oyc1ikd c 1qvcndpkcid 1ou vd ndpcyci oq0cid ( self eff icacy) ypqoionoici1di q iidkAidkd. sev er i t y: H oodp1q1d 1ou npoAqd1o nou dv1ic1oni(ci o qiAo, nockAddvc1di dn du1v nou ndpcyci 1q oq0cid ypqoionoici1di q iidkAidkd. empat ened: H 1doq ouvdio0qd1ikq kd1dvqoq ckcivou nou ndpcyci 1qoq0cid, no du1q c1pd1di dn kdnoio 1co1 npooonik1q1d.IV. HELPI NG2.SAV tvd dpycio c npdyd1ikd cocvd ( N = 517) nou dqopov ndpoid 0cd1d cdu1d 1ou dpyciou helping1.sav. Hdp1i 1o dpycio civdi cydAo ( 1oo oc dpi0ndpd1qpqocov oo kdi oc dpi0 c1dAq1ov) , ypqoionoiov1di vo 1d 15 dn1d c1pd 1q du1odioAyqoq1 1ov uvd1o1q1ov kdnoiou ( self-efficacy) kdi oi 14cpo1qoci oyc1ikd c 1q ouvdio0qd1ikq kd1dvqoq yid vd ndpouoidoouv 1qvdvdAuoq ndpdyv1ov ( KcqdAdio 7) . Td ovd1d 1ov c1dAq1ov nouypqoionoiov1di o1qv dvdAuoq civdi, c1d dAAov: effic co effic15: oi 15 cpo1qoci oyc1ikd c 1qv du1odioAyqoq nouypqoionoiov1di o1qv ndpouoidoq 1q dvdAuoq ndpdyv1ov. empat hy1 co empat hy14: Oi 14 cpo1qoci oyc1ikd c 1qv 1doq yidouvdio0qd1ikq kd1dvqoq nou ypqoionoiov1di o1qv ndpouoidoq 1qdvdAuoq dionio1id.1 Lto cq, q oukckpicvq ctuqtq, iu ouvtoiu, 0u uvucpctui c tov opo uutouiooqoqEooymyq: Tpruvo Ayop ko Ztototkq AvKuoqArovmvAv 1d d0qd1ikd civdi q yAoood 1q cnio1qq, q dvdAuoq cocvov civdi qyAoood 1q cpcuvd. H cpcuvd dyopd civdi dn 1d nAcov ypqoid cpydAcid noucyouv oi cniycipqoci kdi oi opydviooi, dAAd 1du1ypovd ki cvd dn 1d nioncpinAokd. HoAAoi dv0ponoi nio1couv Adv0docvd 1i cpcuvd dyopd civdidnAo 1o vd po1d 1ov 1cAik kd1dvdAo1q 1i voi(ci oyc1ikd c cvd npov, ididqqioq q cvd 0cd. Enioq Adv0docvd nio1couv 1i q o1d1io1ikq dvdAuoqcocvov civdi o dnA unoAoyio idqpov o1d1io1ikov c1pov kdi qdncikvioq 1ou c 1q opqq nivdkd q idypdd1o.Eu1uyo q uo1uyo 1d npdyd1d oc kdid ncpin1ooq cv civdi 1oo dnAd! Hcpcuvd dyopd kdi q o1d1io1ikq dvdAuoq cocvov dndi1ov 1pid npdyd1d:1. Bdoikc yvooci cnikoivovid ( yid vd nopcoc1c vd ndpc1c dn 1oucpo1ocvou 1i dkpici nAqpoqopic nou 0cAc1c kdi yi kd1indpcqcpc) , kdAq yvooq 1ou dv1ikcicvou c 1o onoio doyoAcio1c(yid vd nopci1c vd cv1onioc1c 1d npoAqd1d nou dv1ic1oni(c1c kdivd cniAcc1c 1q ooo1q npoocyyioq) kdi yvooci o1d1io1ikq ( yid vdnopci1c vd c1d1pcqc1c 1d cocvd oc nAqpoqopic, vd cpqvcoc1c1d dpi0q1ikd dno1cAcod1d, vd cdyc1c ouncpdod1d, kdi vd Adc1cdnoqdoci) .2. Eqdpoyq c0ov kdi 1cyvikov o1d1io1ikq dvdAuoq cocvov.3. Odv1doid kdi qioupyik1q1d.To npo1o dnok1d1di o cvdv ikdvonoiq1ik d0 kd1d 1q idpkcid 1ov onouov1ou cnioou cpcuvq1q. EninAcov undpyouv ndv1d iAid, ncpioikd kdiqAck1povikc nqyc o1i onoid nopci1c vd kd1dqyc1c yid vd ounAqpooc1c 1dnoid kcvd. To 1pi1o civdi odqo 0cd yoviiov kdi npooonik1q1d, dAAd qcncipid kdi q cdokqoq oq0ov. To c1cpo civdi 1o kod1i o1o onoio odoq0dci oqdv1ik1d1d 1o SPSS. AvdAddvci vd kdvci yid od Ac 1incpinAokc npdci, vd ypqoionoiqoci Aou 1ou cdipc1ikd noAnAokoudAypi0ou kdi vd od ooci 1d dpi0q1ikd dno1cAcod1d ov1od kdidAdv0do1d. Acv nopci o o1c vd dnoqdoioci yid 1o cio 1ov dvdAocov nounpcnci vd kdvc1c kd0c qopd o1c kdi vd ouc1cyci o1qv cpqvcid 1ovdno1cAcod1ov q 1q Aqqq dnoqdocov. Au1 civdi dnokAcio1ik npovio 1ovcpcuvq1ov.SPSS for Windows 14.0To SPSS (St at ist ical Package for Social Sciences q St at ist ical Product and ServiceSolut ions) civdi cvd cdipc1ikd ioyup kdi qoqiAc cpydAcio nou nopci vdnpdyd1onoiqoci onoioqno1c cio dvdAuoq cocvov nou ypqoionoici1di o1ikoivovikc cnio1qc. To SPSS 14.0 civdi npoqd1q ckooq 1ou ndkc1ou dv kdi 1ddoikd ydpdk1qpio1ikd 1ou ndpdcvouv iid oc oycoq c npoqyocvc ckoci.McydAc idqopc, o1qv ndpouoidoq kupio, undpyouv yid 1i ckoci nounpoqyq0qkdv 1q 11q. Au1 oqdivci 1i 1d od dkoAou0ov cyouv ioy kd1d99% kdi oc npoycvco1cpc ckoci (c ikp1cpo noooo1 1d1ioq cdid) . Oinpoo0qkc kdi oi idqopc dqopov ouykckpicvc yi iidi1cpd ouyvdypqoionoiocvc- dvdAoci kdi kdnoic cninAcov uvd11q1c kdidu1od1ioo.To SPSS for Windows civdi cvd noAnAoko o1d1io1ik npypdd dnonoidqno1c dnoqq ki dv 1o koi1dci kdvci. Hdpd 1o cyc0o kdi 1qvnoAunAok1q1d, o, q SPSS cyci kd1dqcpci vd qioupyqoci cvd npypddnou cv civdi vov ioyup dAAd kdi noA qiAik npo 1o ypqo1q. Aqioupyov1d1qv ckooq yid 1d Windows, q SPSS cyci kdvci yid 1qv dvdAuoq cocvov ,1i oHenry Ford yid 1o du1okivq1o, ,1i o Bill Gat es yid 1ou unoAoyio1c: 1qv ckdvcid0coiq o1i d(c. To SPSS nopci vd kdvci onoioqno1c cio o1d1io1ikqdvdAuoq nou cyci no1c ypqoionoiq0ci o1i koivovikc cnio1qc, o1ovcniycipqd1ik koo kdi oc dAAd cnio1qovikd ncid yopi oqdv1ikq npoond0ciddn 1qv nAcupd 1ou ypqo1q.To ook nop0upo tou SPSS1. Dat a ViewZ1qv Eikvd 1 qdivc1di 1o ndpd0upo 1ou Dat a Edit or. H ndpd 1ou cvo kdi qcpydAcio0qkq civdi 1ono0c1qcvc o1o cndvo cpo 1q o0vq kdi ncpiypdqov1dindpdkd1o. O1dv ckivqoc1c 1o SPSS, cv undpyouv cocvd o1ov Dat a Edit or.Iid vd ounAqpooc1c 1o ndpd0upo 1ou Dat a Edit or, nopci1c vd nAqk1poAoyqoc1ccocvd o1d dcid kcAid ( kd1d npo1iqoq dqo npo1d opioc1c 1i c1dAq1cod o1o variable View, 1o onoio ncpiypdqc1di o1q ouvcycid) q vd dvoic1c cvd qqundpyov dpycio cocvov ( q idikdoid ncpiypdqc1di o1q ouvcycid du1o 1oukcqdAdiou) .Eikvd 1: To ndpd0upo Dat a ViewOi c1dAq1c kd1dyopov1di o1i o1qAc cvo oi dndv1qoci 1ov ouc1cyv1ovo1qv cpcuvd k1dyopov1di o1i ypdc. Aqo opioc1c 1i c1dAq1c od o1oVariable View, q Acq Var o1o cndvo cpo kd0c o1qAq 0d dv1ikd1do1d0ci dn 1ovod 1q ckdo1o1c c1dAq1q nou cyc1c opioci. Edv oc kdnoio 1c1pdyovdki cvkd1dyopqoc1c kdid 1iq, 11c 0d cqdvio1ci 1o ooAo ( ,) nou dv1inpoooncciyid 1o SPSS 1o kcv.Kd1o dn 1o kcv1pik cvo o1o cndvo cpo 1q o0vq civdi 1ono0c1qcvdcikoviid nou dv1inpoooncouv ouykckpicvc cv1oAc. Hpkci1di yiddu1od1ioo nou cyouv okon vd kdvouv 1i cup1cpd ypqoionoiocvccv1oAc nio ckoAd kdi nio ypqyopd npoodoic. Hpcnci vd oqcio0ci 1i qopqq 1q ypdq c 1d cikoviid nopci vd noikiAci cAdqpo dvdAoyd c 1o 1ikdvc1c id cocvq o1iyq. Z1qv Eikvd 1 cqdvi(ov1di 1d cikoviid noudv1io1oiyov o1o ndpd0upo 1ou dat a edit or . Hpooc1c 1i kdnoid dn 1d cikoviidcivdi qo1civd kdi ckd0dpd kdi dAAd civdi ykpi(dpiocvd. O1dv cvd cikoviiocqdvi(c1di ykpi(dpiocvo oqdivci no 1q cocvq o1iyq cv civdi id0coio.Iid ndpdciyd, 1o cikoviio Pr int File (Ek1nooq Apyciou) civdi ykpi(dpiocvocnciq cv undpyouv kd0Aou cocvd yid vd ck1uno0ov. O1d