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  • 9

    2/1995

    MUSEUMOFCULTURE

    Greek Ministry ofCulture9th Ephorate ofByzantine Antiquities

    Thessaloniki

    2/1995

    MUSEEDELA

    CIVILISATION

    Ministere Hellenique dela Culturegeme Ephorie des Antiquites Byzantines

    Thessalonique

  • . -. -.

    EDITORIAL C. urkutdu-k!aduD. Papaniko!a-Bakirtzi. Tourta

    COMITE DE REDACTION. urkutdu-k!aduD. Papaniko!a-Bakirtzi. Tourta

    . j\ITEXNIKH -

    DESIGNRache! Misdrachi-Kapon

    SUPERVISION ARTISTIQUERache! Misdrachi-Kapon

    ISBN 960-7254-21- 1995

    9

    PUBLISHED

    PUBLlE PAR

    EDITlONSEDITlONS

  • ......................................................................... .

    4

    19. 1 - . m m 20. 321. . 1 m 46.

    m 54. - . nAnAEAHMARCON1 BVO . m 62

    ........ .. .. .. .. ..CONTENTS .

    Museum news 12

    Short studies 19. PELEANIDOU - V. BOULION1"Mother Sun" and the Symbolism of the Sou! Thessaloniki Late Antiquity 26

    . MARKISecular Themes Paintings a Tomb Thessa!oniki 401. . ANONIDISTwo Interesting Representations Vessels Discovered during the Excavation ofDiikitiriou Square 50. TOURTAThe Fate ofThessaloniki's Icons under the Ottomans 58

    . ATSANlASTEFANOU - G. PAPADELIMARCONIByzantine Treasures ofThessaloniki. The Journey Home: Planning the Exhibition 66

    .... .. TABLE DES MATIERES ..

    Les nouvelles du Musee 15

    Etudes courtes 19. PELEKANIDOU - V. BOULIONI"Mere soleil" et !e symbo!isme de ' ame aThessa!onique de )' antiquite tardive 29

    . MARKIThemes de peinture seculiere d' une tombe de Thessalonique 431. . ANONIDISDeux representations interessantes sur des vases en provenance de fouilles de la Place Diikitiriou 52. TOURTALe sort des icones aThessalonique pendant ), occupation turque 60

    . ATSANlASTEFANOU - G. PAPADELlMARCONIL' organisation de \' exposition "Tresors byzantins de Thessa!onique. Le voyage de retour" 68

  • .IQ.V p.Q.V.utIOV .

    1. . .

    1. The Prime Minister, Mr Andres PpnCireou,opening the Museum.

    1. Le Premier Ministre Mr Andres Ppndreouinugure le Musee.

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    G. Thoms, being shown aTO'und the exhibition byIlze DiTector / Ihe Museum, Ms . KOZtTkoutidozt-Nikolaidou.3. The actress ITene Papas visiting the exhibition.

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    OFFICIAL OPENINGOF MUSEUM

    The Museum ofByzantine Culture wasopened 11 st September 1994 by thePrime Minister, Mr Andreas Papan-dreou. The ceremony was held themain atrium and attended by manymembers of the government, local civ-ic, ecclesiastical and military author-ities, the consuls of the European

    countries, the rectors and otherrepresentatives oflocal educational es-tablishments, and many ordinary citi-zens, who enthusiastically crowded thecourtyard and forecourt.The Minister for Culture Mr ThanosMikroutsikos, the Deputy Minister forCulture Mr Nikos Sifounakis, and theDirector of the Museum Ms Eutychia

    urkutdu-kladuspoke aboutthe significance and the aims of the new

    useum, the political figures who playeda major part its birth, the designer ofthe building, and the members of therelevant departments of the Ministry ofCulture who promoted and supervisedthe construction 01' the Museum. Theceremony also included a musical eventorganized by the "Tehnj" MacedonianArtisticAssociation: the first ever per1'or-mance of Mihalis Adamis' 0.5 Thisvron(Like a Treasure), based the hymnEfrinoupolis Thessloniki (Rejoice, Cityof Thessaloniki) by the ninth-centuryByzantine hymnographer and melodistGeorgios Sikeliotes.

    INAUGURAL " TREASURESOF THESSALONIKI JOURNEY "

    After the opening ceremony the Direc-tor of the Museum showed the PrimeMinister and other dignitaries roundthe inaugural exhibition the firstroom. The exhibition, titled ''Byzan-tine Treasures 01' Thessaloniki. TheJourney Home" , presents a selection ofsome ofThessaloniki's most importantByzantine and post-Byzantine antiqui-ties, which were transferred to theChristian and Byzantine Museum Athens 1916 and came "back home"to Thessaloniki June 1994 as soon asthe useum of yzantine Culture wasready to receive them. lt includes antine and post-Byzantine icons, proto-Byzantine and Byzantine sculptures, scriptions, and church vestments.The grand nature of this temporaryexhibition demanded a certain theatri-cality its organization to emphasizethe festive welcome extended to thesemajor works ofart and local heirloomsafter their eighty-year absence, and thecelebratory atmosphere of the open-ing ceremony. The enormous enlarge-ments 01' F. Boissonnas' photographsof the city and its churches (takenbetween 1913 and 1919) set the exhib-its their natural context and affirmtheir spatial and temporal relationshipwith Thessaloniki.

  • EUROPEAN CENTREFOR CULTURALRESEARCH

    "MELINA MERCOURI"AMPHITHEATRE

    EATRICAL PERFORMANCE

    The amhtheate which audio-visualevents will be held has been named ho-nour ofthe late Melina Mercouri, who, as

    Ministe [ Culture, lad the foundationstone 1989.

    As pat of the Municipality's "Demetria"festival, the Volos Drama Society, direetedby Spyros Vrahtis,efmed Geeal

    akans' Ormt (Visions) the"Melina eCOU"amphitheatre between28 November and 5 Decembe 1994.

    DUing the last ,"vinter seeste, the De-atet of Art and Archaeology andthe ga [ Hellenic Studies of theUniversity fnceto,USA, organized aselllina the subject of "Thessaloniki: Meditenanean City between East andWest". POfessor Slobodan CUCicwas

    chage of tle semna, part of which volved a visit to Thessaloniki by sixteen stu-dents fOlll 22 to 30 October 1994. During

    thei stay, they were given a guided tourofthe city's monuments and attended a se-ries of lectures by achaelgsts, histo-

    ans, architects and othescientists sub-jeets conneeted with theil' specialities. ThePrin-ceton gOup also visited the MuseulllofByzantine Cutueand was shown round

    MUSEUMRINCETO

    the occasion of the opening of tl1euseum ofByzantine Culture, the Minis-t of Culture also announced the open-ing ofthe European Cente[ yzantine

    Cutual Reseach. The Cete, located the Museum, isfunded by Unesco, andits Use is to ta specialists theconservation, estoration and study ofByzantine and post-Byzantine sites andmonuments, and museological and

    musegahcalreseach.

    As partofthe European Science Founda-tion's programme "The asfmatof the Roman World - 4th-9th cetuAD", a network of exhibitions