IB Physics 12 Mr. Jean November 7 th, 2014. The plan: Video clip of the day Power Series Circuits...

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Transcript of IB Physics 12 Mr. Jean November 7 th, 2014. The plan: Video clip of the day Power Series Circuits...

  • IB Physics 12Mr. JeanNovember 7th, 2014

  • The plan: Video clip of the dayPowerSeries CircuitsResistance in SeriesApplication of Ohms Law

  • Resistance:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HvmkeERl65c

  • Resistance of a Conductor:(Through a wire)R = resistance in Ohms ()p = factor of resistivity in Ohms metre (*m)L = length of the conductor in metres (m)A = cross sectional area of the wire metres squared (m2). Thickness of the wire.

  • Example:Calculate the resistance of a 15 m length of copper wire with diameter of 0.05cm.

    KnownImpliedUnknown

  • Calculations:

  • Electrical POWERWe have already learned that POWER is the rate at which work (energy) is done. Circuits that are a prime example of this as batteries only last for a certain amount of time AND we get charged an energy bill each month based on the amount of energy we used over the course of a monthaka POWER.

  • POWERIt is interesting to see how certain electrical variables can be used to get POWER. Lets take Voltage and Current for example.

  • Other useful power formulasThese formulas can also be used! They are simply derivations of the POWER formula with different versions of Ohm's law substituted in.

  • Ways to Wire CircuitsThere are 2 basic ways to wire a circuit. Keep in mind that a resistor could be ANYTHING ( bulb, toaster, ceramic materialetc)Series One after anotherParallel between a set of junctions and parallel to each other

  • Simple CircuitWhen you are drawing a circuit it may be a wise thing to start by drawing the battery first, then follow along the loop (closed) starting with positive and drawing what you see. SeriesParallel

  • Series Circuit In a series circuit, the resistors are wired one after another. Since they are all part of the SAME LOOP they each experience the SAME AMOUNT of current. In figure, however, you see that they all exist BETWEEN the terminals of the battery, meaning they SHARE the potential (voltage).

  • Resistors in Serieshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yKbCSE7GGBQ

  • Circuits in Series:When a circuit is in series it means that each component has the same current.

  • Resistance in Series:Simply sum all resistance together. The total amount of the resistance is equal to the sum of all the resistance in the system.

    Req = R1 + R2 + + Rn

  • Example question:There are 4 resistors in series. They have the resistance of 3.0 , 5.0, 7.0 and 9.0. The power supply is a 9.0V battery.

    1) Draw the circuit with all resistance.2) Draw the simplified circuit.3) What is the total current in the system?4) What is the potential difference across each individual resistor?

  • Simplifying Resistance in Series:

  • Vs = IsReqUse Ohms Law:

  • Potential difference across each:V1 = IsR1

    V2 = IsR2

    V3 = IsR3

    V4 = IsR4

  • To do: Work on Quest assignmentRead about Topic #5Review circuit notation