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  • Document No. U16961EJ4V0UD00 (4th edition) Date Published September 2006 NS CP(K)

    Printed in Japan

    PD78F0112H PD78F0113H PD78F0114H PD78F0114HD PD78F0112H(A) PD78F0113H(A) PD78F0114H(A) PD78F0112H(A1) PD78F0113H(A1) PD78F0114H(A1)

    78K0/KC1+ 8-Bit Single-Chip Microcontrollers

    Users Manual


  • Users Manual U16961EJ4V0UD 2


  • Users Manual U16961EJ4V0UD 3






    Waveform distortion due to input noise or a reflected wave may cause malfunction. If the input of the

    CMOS device stays in the area between VIL (MAX) and VIH (MIN) due to noise, etc., the device may

    malfunction. Take care to prevent chattering noise from entering the device when the input level is fixed,

    and also in the transition period when the input level passes through the area between VIL (MAX) and

    VIH (MIN).


    Unconnected CMOS device inputs can be cause of malfunction. If an input pin is unconnected, it is

    possible that an internal input level may be generated due to noise, etc., causing malfunction. CMOS

    devices behave differently than Bipolar or NMOS devices. Input levels of CMOS devices must be fixed

    high or low by using pull-up or pull-down circuitry. Each unused pin should be connected to VDD or GND

    via a resistor if there is a possibility that it will be an output pin. All handling related to unused pins must

    be judged separately for each device and according to related specifications governing the device.


    A strong electric field, when exposed to a MOS device, can cause destruction of the gate oxide and

    ultimately degrade the device operation. Steps must be taken to stop generation of static electricity as

    much as possible, and quickly dissipate it when it has occurred. Environmental control must be

    adequate. When it is dry, a humidifier should be used. It is recommended to avoid using insulators that

    easily build up static electricity. Semiconductor devices must be stored and transported in an anti-static

    container, static shielding bag or conductive material. All test and measurement tools including work

    benches and floors should be grounded. The operator should be grounded using a wrist strap.

    Semiconductor devices must not be touched with bare hands. Similar precautions need to be taken for

    PW boards with mounted semiconductor devices.


    Power-on does not necessarily define the initial status of a MOS device. Immediately after the power

    source is turned ON, devices with reset functions have not yet been initialized. Hence, power-on does

    not guarantee output pin levels, I/O settings or contents of registers. A device is not initialized until the

    reset signal is received. A reset operation must be executed immediately after power-on for devices

    with reset functions.


    In the case of a device that uses different power supplies for the internal operation and external

    interface, as a rule, switch on the external power supply after switching on the internal power supply.

    When switching the power supply off, as a rule, switch off the external power supply and then the

    internal power supply. Use of the reverse power on/off sequences may result in the application of an

    overvoltage to the internal elements of the device, causing malfunction and degradation of internal

    elements due to the passage of an abnormal current.

    The correct power on/off sequence must be judged separately for each device and according to related

    specifications governing the device.


    Do not input signals or an I/O pull-up power supply while the device is not powered. The current

    injection that results from input of such a signal or I/O pull-up power supply may cause malfunction and

    the abnormal current that passes in the device at this time may cause degradation of internal elements.

    Input of signals during the power off state must be judged separately for each device and according to

    related specifications governing the device.




  • Users Manual U16961EJ4V0UD 4

    Windows and Windows NT are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. PC/AT is a trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. HP9000 series 700 and HP-UX are trademarks of Hewlett-Packard Company. SPARCstation is a trademark of SPARC International, Inc. Solaris and SunOS are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. SuperFlash is a registered trademark of Silicon Storage Technology, Inc. in several countries including the United States and Japan.

    Caution: This product uses SuperFlash technology licensed from Silicon Storage Technology, inc.

    The information in this document is current as of August, 2006. The information is subject to change without notice. For actual design-in, refer to the latest publications of NEC Electronics data sheets or data books, etc., for the most up-to-date specifications of NEC Electronics products. Not all products and/or types are available in every country. Please check with an NEC Electronics sales representative for availability and additional information.No part of this document may be copied or reproduced in any form or by any means without the prior written consent of NEC Electronics. NEC Electronics assumes no responsibility for any errors that may appear in this document.NEC Electronics does not assume any liability for infringement of patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights of third parties by or arising from the use of NEC Electronics products listed in this document or any other liability arising from the use of such products. No license, express, implied or otherwise, is granted under any patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights of NEC Electronics or others.Descriptions of circuits, software and other related information in this document are provided for illustrative purposes in semiconductor product operation and application examples. The incorporation of these circuits, software and information in the design of a customer's equipment shall be done under the full responsibility of the customer. NEC Electronics assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by customers or third parties arising from the use of these circuits, software and information.While NEC Electronics endeavors to enhance the quality, reliability and safety of NEC Electronics products, customers agree and acknowledge that the possibility of defects thereof cannot be eliminated entirely. To minimize risks of damage to property or injury (including death) to persons arising from defects in NEC Electronics products, customers must incorporate sufficient safety measures in their design, such as redundancy, fire-containment and anti-failure features.NEC Electronics products are classified into the following three quality grades: "Standard", "Special" and "Specific". The "Specific" quality grade applies only to NEC Electronics products developed based on a customer-designated "quality assurance program" for a specific application. The recommended applications of an NEC Electronics product depend on its quality grade, as indicated below. Customers must check the quality grade of each NEC Electronics product before using it in a particular application.

    The quality grade of NEC Electronics products is "Standard" unless otherwise expressly specified in NEC Electronics data sheets or data books, etc. If customers wish to use NEC Electronics products in applications not intended by NEC Electronics, they must contact an NEC Electronics sales representative in advance to determine NEC Electronics' willingness to support a given application.


    M8E 02. 11-1



    "NEC Electronics" as used in this statement means NEC Electronics Corporation and also includes its majority-owned subsidiaries."NEC Electronics products" means any product developed or manufactured by or for NEC Electronics (as defined above).

    Computers, office equipment, communications equipment, test and measurement equipment, audioand visual equipment, home electronic appliances, machine tools, personal electronic equipmentand industrial robots.Transportation equipment (automobiles, trains, ships, etc.), traffic control systems, anti-disastersystems, anti-crime systems, safety equipment and medical equipment (not specifically designedfor life support).Aircraft, aerospace equipment, submersible repeaters, nuclear reactor control systems, lifesupport systems and medical equipment for life support, etc.




  • Users Manual U16961EJ4V0UD 5

    INTRODUCTION Readers This manual is intended for user engineers who wish to understand the functions of the

    78K0/KC1+ and design and develop application systems and programs for these devices.

    The target products are as follows. 78K0/KC1+: PD78F0112H, 78F0113H, 78F0114H, 78F0112H(A), 78F0113H(A),

    78F0114H(A), 78F0112H(A1), 78F0113H(A1), 78F0114H(A1), 78F0114HD Purpose This manual is intended to give users an understanding of the functions described in the

    Organization below. Organization The 78K0/KC1+ manual is separated into two parts: this manual and the instructions

    edition (common to the 78K/0 Series).

    78K0/KC1+ Users Manual (This Manual)

    78K/0 Series Users Manual Instructions

    Pin functions Internal block functions