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    1

    E

    .

    T 1 / /. / 4. . 10172 .. (01) 7215852/ 7239786. FAX (01) 7239786

    . : 39112 .701.2

    12 1998

    :O

    : ... /. / & 36 115 26

    : -

    .. 71/88.

    : .- 21881.701.2/18-7-1994 A... .- .. 71/1988 ( 32)

    1.- - () , .. 71/88 . .. 71/88

    .

    , , . , .. 71/1988

    /, ., , ..

    71/88 (12) , 17-2-1989, (1) , 17-3-1988., (.. , .., , ... ...) .

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    2

    2. 2.1

    2.1.1 (), ,.

    2.1.2 , .

    2.1.3 2 ( ) .

    2.1.4 6 ( PILOTIS) () . .

    . , . .

    2.1.5 , . , , .

    , .

    2.1.6 2.2.1. 2 .. 71/88 45

    , .

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    3

    2.1.7 . , ( ) .

    , , 1.. 71/1988.

    2.2 .2.2.1 (.. ) (.. ) (.. 2 ).

    2.2.2 .

    2.2.3 ( ) .:)

    ) 1/4

    ) .. , ...

    2.3 (, 2.000 MJ/m2 - 100g/m2 ), . 1.2.31

    , .3.3.33.. 1.2.3 1 (, , ...).

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    4

    . (.. 2.000 MJ/m2),

    .

    2.4 , , ,, 2.40 .

    2.5 (...) (..

    , , ), . 50 1,10 .

    2.6 , , , ...

    3.

    3.1

    3.1.1 /

    () . 6 3/81/ ( 20), /, . - .

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    5

    3.1.2/,

    () . 6, () 30

    3.1.3, /. / , / , , ,

    .., , ..

    3.1.4 / , 1/455/15-11-1987 ...(....2451/86 632 /26-11-1987) 3/1981 /, 1900 30. , 1200 750 30 , 7.200 .

    3.1.5. , (SPRINGLER) , , , (1) . (.. ........) , (1) .

    3.1.6 3.6.1 . ..... 2451/1986, (-) . , -

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    6

    , . , ,

    , , . 5.4.1.. ..... 2451/86 6.3 664/2, , FPA 14/1990 ( ) . ,

    .

    3.1.7 (), , ,, () :

    5 3/1981 ,

    2.2 4.1 (.....) 2451/86

    2.5 7/1981

    12.2.2 ... 664

    (1) , , ,

    . ,.() .

    3.1.8. ,

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    7

    , , , .

    3.1.9 , , :

    .-, , . 7

    3/1981//, 4.1 ... 2451/1986.

    .-

    , , , ,5 3/1981// .6 , . ,

    . .- 3/1981//, ... 2451/86, 664 , . , , .

    3.1.10 28 .3.1.11 (..) . , ,

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    8

    .. 71/88 . , 15 28 ,

    .

    3.2 3.2.1.. 71/88 , / . / . , /, ,

    .

    3.3. To : ) (1) , . ) (1) ,

    . ) (1) SPRINGLER 1410 C,

    , 1410C.

    ) SPRINGLER. ) .

    4. -

    4.1 . 2 1 .. 71/88 ,

    , .

    4.2. 15, , .

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    , , -

    .. 71/1988, , , , : ) , , .. 71/1988. ,

    / , 15.. 71/1988, ,. , 2 5.000 . , 4 11 .. 71/88, (SPRINGLERS) 2.500 . 5.000 . . ) , , , , .

    5. (5).

    5.1 . 3.1 :

    )

    )2 - 4 ) 5 - 8 ) 8 PILOTIS .

    5.2

    ./71/88 5

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    15.. 374/88 .

    5.3

    . 2.3.1 5

    , .. 2.6.1 2.6.2 .5.4 .. 7600/700 .51/1/6-7-1960 /...5.5 27 . 2.4.3.4 (.59//3-2-89) , .5.6

    (-) .. 922/1977 ( 315)

    27 . , ..., , ..71/88, .. 922/1977, . 3.34.25.71/1988.6. (6)

    6.1 .. , , , , BUNGALOWS, , ,

    (CAMPINCS) , .

    6.2 (CAMPINGS) ( - ), . , .. 71/88 .

    . , .

    . , ...

    . , 8 - 10 .

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    . ( ...), .

    ., , .

    . , . 998/1979 (289).

    ) / . . ,

    , . - . ) , /(), , , , (2) . / .6.3

    (CAMPINGS) ... (5) .& , 2/. 3396/1975 ( 438), . 200/2/6467/1985 ( 718) 1277/1989 ( 199) , , (1) . & (1) , .

    6.4 ( - )

    , .

    6.5 (- ) 3 , .

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    6.6 (20)

    6.

    6.7 (20) ,

    6 .. 71/88 , . 7600/1960 /...

    18 K .. 71/1988 .

    6.8 (- )

    , , .

    6.9 , .

    6.10

    1.11.2.5.22.. 71/88 .

    6.11 , , , , ...

    1/4 , .

    6.12 , (..

    , ...).

    6.13 4.3 6, / 50. / , .

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    6.146 / . , , 3/81/.

    6.15 (, , ) , .

    6.16 , > 6 .

    6.17 (20) , 53092/1987 (557)

    . ... , .

    7. (7)

    7.1 3. 1

    , 2. 1, ,

    . .. 71/88, .7.2 , 1214.. 71/88 , , 7.. 71/88, ,

    , 7, 14 15 .7.3 . 4 7, , . .

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    7.4

    (), () () . 4.47.

    7.5 () () . 4.47, .7.6 , , 250 . ().

    7.7 , . 1.2.2 1 . 71/88, ,

    , :

    . ( ).. .. (.. ) ,

    . (). ,

    , , , . 3.2.2 3 . 71/88 ( )7.8 . 1.2.1. 1 .. 71/88, ,

    . 12,

    .7.. 71/88, , . , 7

    12 .. 71/88, .

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    ,

    7 , 24 12.. 71/88.

    8. (8).

    8.1 :

    ) , , , .

    ) 70 .., .

    ) .

    9. (9).

    9.1 . 4.3.9.. 71/88 250 .. 250 .. .9.2.1963/1991(. 138) / . 9

    .. 71/1988, 8/1997 ( 725)/.

    9.3 1.000 .. 2.500.. (SPRINKLER) . , .

    10. (10).10.1 . 1.1 10 . 71/88, , 50 .

    10.2 : ) 70 .., .

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    ). ) , .

    10.3 . 71/88

    ( ...) , 50 ( - ) 10. .

    10.4 50 . 71/88 , .

    7600/1960 / ... . .. 3021/1986(B 847) .

    10.5 50 ( , ...) 7600/1960 /...

    10.6 . 2.1.1.1 10, ( ). , , .

    10.7 200 .. 71/88, . , 10./,

    , ...10.8 . 610 (.. ..). . 3/1981/.

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    11. - .(11)

    11.1 - ( - )

    .. 5905/1995 (

    611). - 11 .. 71/1988.

    11.2 : )- , ... 5905/1995 . ,11.71/88,

    . ) 6/1996 ( 150). )

    11 .. 71/1988,. ) , ... 5905/1995. )

    , ...3329/1989 ( 132).

    ) , ... 7376/1991 (386).

    ) , ...3/14858/1993 ( 477).

    11.3 :

    1, 2, 3

    :

    = *

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    : = , MJ/m2 = (1)(kgr) , J kgr.

    = , kgr. = , m2.

    (1) : .

    (2) :, :

    m = P *V

    : m = kgr P = kgr/m3 V =

    (V) , . () .

    :

    1000 m2, 100 . , :

    : , :

    =17, 56MJ/kgr :

    = * ===> = 17,56 MJ/kgr * 100.000 kgr

    1.000 m2

    ===>

    = 1756

    MJ/m2

    2 .

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    o (1) Kgr MJ

    MJoule / Kgr MJoule / Kgr

    51.9 15.1

    50.3 27.1-34.3

    53.0 15.09 29.8 39.3

    13.1 39.7

    20.5 55.7

    30.8 22.3

    30.9 28.0

    34.5 5.7

    () 49.8 40.2

    25.9 25.1

    31.9 11.6

    36.5 9.0 31.4 43.0

    31.0 8.4-20.9

    43.1 33.4

    39.9 47.8

    39.8 14.6

    17.6 39.1

    41.8 46.4

    33.2 Diesel 41.4

    36.3 46.7

    26.4 34.8 41.9 40.6

    36.1 50.0

    24.9 33.0

    31.1 40.6

    30.0 43.5

    5.4 51.1

    41.6 22.1

    18.6 23.2

    35.6 37.2

    20.5 16.7

    39.5 16.7

    39.5 9.2

    48.1 42.5

    48.0 16.7-20.9

    47.5 141.8

    22.1 34.7

    39.8 24.4

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    48.6 32.5

    38.9 24.6

    39.5 3.1

    34.1 38.9

    37.2 5.3

    50,16 18,57 15,05 49,91

    27,60-34,27 16,72

    15.09 16,72-20,90

    39,30 34,69

    39,71 39,8

    16,1 17,00

    11.4

    . N.F.P.A. (National Fire Protection

    Assosiation) .

    , , . 3. 2 . 4

    11 .. 71/1988 , ,

    , .

    11.5 , , , , , 15 .. 71/1988.

    , .

    12. (12 ).

    12.1 . 4.1.1.4 12 , .