Κλιματισμός Αυτοκινήτου Και Συστήματα Ελέγχου

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Transcript of Κλιματισμός Αυτοκινήτου Και Συστήματα Ελέγχου

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  • ...................................................................................................................... 7

    1. .............................................................. 9 1.1 ................................................. 9 1.2 .......................................................... 17 1.3 ..................................................................... 49 1.4 ........................................................................ 51 1.5 .................................................................. 53 1.6 ........................................................................ 55

    2. (Air-condition).............................................................. 572.1 ........................................................................................................ 572.2 .................................................................................................... 792.3 () / ............................................................... 832.4 / .................................................. 872.5 ......................................................................................................... 972.6 .................................................................... 992.7 ................................................................................. 103

    3. ........................................ 105.......................................................................................................... 115 ............................................................................................................. 117

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  • , . 14 ( ) , , . , , . ,

    , . , .

    .

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    1.

    1.1

    , . . . , , , . . . . , , , . ! , . , , .

  • Chrysler Imperial 1953

    AIRTEMP (: Wikipedia)

    . . , . , . , . . . , , . . 1939 Packard

    , . , , , . . Packard : . ( ) .

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    1940-1941 , . Cadillac ( ), . . 1954-1955 Nash-Kelvinator . , , .

    , , . . . , . , , , . , . , , , , .

    Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computer Aided

  • Engineering (CAE) Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM). CAD . . () . , .. STL (). (CAM). CAD . CAD CAE. Solidworks CAD Cosmos Works, (Finite Element Analysis FEA) (Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD). FEA , CFD ( ) . , (FEA) (CFD). , .

    1.1 / CAD ( ) (: Visteon )

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  • 1.2 CFD (: Visteon)

    . . , , , . . , ( ) . . CFD

    ( ), . CFD . , , , . ,

    , , , . .

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  • CFD .

    1.3 (:Visteon)

    . , CFD, . , . (), ( ).

    . , . , , 158 (75 / ) 300 (141,6 / ) .

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  • 1.4 (: Visteon )

    1.5 (: Visteon )

    1.6 (: Visteon )

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    (heating ventilation air conditioning: HVAC) . 1 2 2 3. , . , . , , CAD. HVAC ( ). , . (CFD) ,

    , . 10-15%.

    1.7 HVAC (: Visteon )

  • 1.2

    . , , . , () . . . . . . , . .

    H , . . ( ). . ,

    , .

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    . , , .

    1.8 (: Toyota)

    1.9

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    ( 1.9), , ( 1.8). , . () ( ) ( ) . .

    .

    , . . , :

    1. . 2. .

    19 117

  • ( 1.10). ( 1.11) , . , . , . . , , . , , .

    1.10 (: Toyota)

    20 117

  • 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

    1.11 (: Ford)

    (damper), . , , . , ( 1.12). , . , . , . , , . .

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    1.12 (: Toyota)

    . :

    1. . 2. ( ).

    . , , . , , . ,

  • , . :

    (+) : (-) :

    1.13 (: Toyota)

    1. , .

    2. , ( ) .

    , . , ( 1.13).

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  • 1.14 (a) (b) Ford Fiesta

    1.14a . (2). , (1). , , . ( 1.15) . , , . , , . , . , ( 1.15).

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  • 1.15 (a) . (b) Ford Fiesta (:Ford)

    , . (, ). , . . 1.8 () .

    1.16a

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    . . . . . ( ) ( 1.17). . , , . , . CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics), , . .

    1.16b

  • :

    Turbo

    Sirocco

    1.17

    , ( 1.14a b). . . , . , , .

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    / ( ) , . . , . . .

    . .

    : 1. / , . 2.

    . 3. 2000 ,

    . 4. .

    . , (H2O2) (OH). . .

  • . .

    1.18 , (: Toyota)

    (Air Quality Sensor AQS) HVAC. , AQS HVAC .

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    . . , . , .

    (a)

    1.19 (a) , . (b) (: Peugeot)

    . / . , , . , ( ). . . : . , , .

  • . , , / . . , .

    1.20

    1.21 , , . ( ). ,

    () &

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  • . :

    1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12)

    1.21

    1.22

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  • . , .. . ( 1.22),

    . , . . .

    1.23

    ( 1.23) . . . 1.24 ,

    . .

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    , , .

    1.24

    1.25

    7 C. , .

    ( 1.25).

  • . ' , , - . , , .

    1)