Αρχιτεκτονική Υπολογιστών ΕΑΠ

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A Y I

HPOOPIKH

HIAKA YTHMATA B'

A Y IHMHTPIO NIKOOK T M H/Y &

ATPA 2001

HPOOPIKH HIAKA YTHMATA B' A Y I HMHTPIO NIKOO K T M H/Y & XAPIHMO BEPO T M H/Y & KPATH KATIKA T M A EPAIMO MPATH EIA BAKAOOY ... TYPORAMA / 19972001 ISBN: 9605381966 K : H 21/2 Copyright 2000 & , 26222 : (0610) 314094, 314206 : (0610) 317244 . 2121/1993, .

A E, B, E E

K 1

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, , E ............................................................................................................... 13 1.1 1.2 1.3 .............................................................................................................. 14 .......................................................................................... 16 , .............................................. 21 1.3.1 ............................................................................................. 22 1.3.2 .................................................................... 24 1.3.3 ......................................................................................................... 28 1.3.4 (Cache memory) .................................................................... 33 1.3.5 (Virtual Memory) ................................................................... 37 ........................................................................................................................ 39 / .................................................................................................. 40 ........................................................................................................ 42

1.4 1.5

.................................................................................................................................... 44K 2

, , E ............................................................................................................... 47 2.1 ......................................................................................................................................... 48 2.1.1 ............................................................................................. 48 2.1.2 .................................................................................... 57 ........................................................................................................................ 60 ............................................................................................................................................. 61 2.2.1 .................................................................. 61 2.2.2 (Addressing Modes) ................................................................................................ 63 2.2.3 ......................................................................... 68 2.2.4 .......... 69 2.2.5 ...................................................... 72

2.2

8

A Y I

........................................................................................................................ 74 .................................................................................................................................... 74K 3

, , E ............................................................................................................... 77 ............................................................................ 78 3.1.1 ................................... 78 3.1.2 ..... 79 3.1.3 .... 94 ........................................................................................................................ 98 3.2 ...................................................................................................................... 98 3.2.1 ............................................................................... 98 3.2.2 ......................................................................................................................... 101 3.2.3 .......................................................................... 102 3.2.4 .............................................................................................. 114 ..................................................................................................................... 115 ................................................................................................................................. 115K 4

3.1

, , E ............................................................................................................ 117 4.1 ............................................................................................................. 119 4.1.1 ............................................................................................. 119 4.1.2 ............................................................................................... 129 4.1.3. ....................................................................................................... 132 ..................................................................................................................... 134 .................................................................................................................... 136 4.2.1. ........................................................................... 138 4.2.2. ........................................................................................... 140 4.2.3. ............................................................................................................................ 141 4.2.4. ...................................................................... 141

4.2

EPIEXOMENA

9

..................................................................................................................... 142 4.3 ........................................................................................................................... 143 4.3.1 (fetch policy) ............................................................................................................... 144 4.3.2 ................................................................. 145 4.3.3 ...................................... 159 4.3.4 ....................................................................................... 160 ..................................................................................................................... 164 4.4 ............................................................................................................................. 166 ................................................................................................................................. 169K 5

, , E ............................................................................................................ 171 5.1 (Buses) .................................................................................................................. 172 5.1.1 ........................................................................................................... 172 5.1.2 ..................................................... 179 5.1.3 ................................................................................................ 183 5.1.4 ......................................................... 183 ..................................................................................................................... 187 5.2 / ................................. 188 5.2.1 / ..................... 188 5.2.2 / ......................................................................................................... 190 5.2.3 / .......... 191 ..................................................................................................................... 198 ................................................................................................................................. 198 A PA P T H M A A

, , E ............................................................................................................ 201 .1 ............................................................................... 201

10

A Y I

.2 ............... 204 A A A ..................................................................... 209 E A ..................................................................... 237 / E ...................................................................................................................... 239 B ............................................................................................................................................ 243

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