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  • Visual Transduction: A Paradigmfor Signaling

    E. DiBenedettoem.diben@vanderbilt.edu

    Department of Mathematics, Vanderbilt University

    Nashville, TN 37240, USA

    UAB April 8 2014 p.1/37

  • Micrograph of Salamander and Frog Retina

    UAB April 8 2014 p.2/37

  • Micrograph of the Salamander Rod Outer Segment

    Thickness o of outer shell comparable to distance o between any two

    discs. For the Salamander o 14 nm and 1. Here o is the

    thickness of the layers/discs. UAB April 8 2014 p.3/37

  • Geometry of the Salamander ROS

    H 22m R 5.5m o 14 nm 1 1 n 800

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