Sponsor Day on animal feeding: Animal production without antibiotics. Where are we?
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- 1. Edgar Garcia Manzanilla Pig Development Department SESSION 2. Animal production without antibiotics. Where are we?
2. Antimicrobial resistance origin Resistance genes to -lactams, tetracyclins and glicopeptides found in bacterial DNA >30.000 years old 3. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 86 90 95 97 2000 2005 Year Percent resistant Approval for humans Approval for chickens FDA removes approval 0% Sentinel CDC starts vigilance AMR: Fluoroquinolones and campylobacter 4. Antimicrobial resistance in animals 5. The PCU concept (Population Correction Unit) vs total sales Estimated PCU per country, 2009 Sales (Tn active ingredient), 2009 Antimicrobial use: EU Measurement Units 6. mg of antimicrobials / kg biomass of pig, poultry and beef meat, 2007 Antimicrobial use: EU Types of antimicrobials 7. 369,7 294,4 211,5 175,2 161,2 113,9 119,9 117 0 100 200 300 400 Antimicrobial use: current EU sales for livestock mg/PCU 8. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Ganancia, g/d Duracin, d ADG and length of growing period depending on the treatment methods Pienso Agua + Pienso Agua + Pienso + Parenteral 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 up to 2 more than 2 Feed Feed Water Feed Water Inject % Mortality by number of treatments and method Antimicrobials use: Why are they used? 9. Digestive Respiratory Vaccine 10. Initiatives 11. The European Innovation Partnership 'Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability Focus Group Animal husbandry 12. Europe 2020 Strategy: Crucial role of research and innovation in preparing the EU for the future European Innovation Partnerships (EIP) as a new tool for fostering innovation Budget for Europe 2020: foresees 4.5 billion Euros for research and innovation in the field of food security, bio-economy and sustainable agriculture CAP reform: innovation a key role Context Societal Challenges Industry ERC 13. EIPs 14. General Principles The EIP shall provide challenge-driven solutions based on: interlinking existing innovation-related measures and initiatives facilitating communication among stakeholders and creating workable links between science and practice 15. Farmers NGOs Advisors Researchers Agri- business Operational Group Key Acting Entities Within the EIP - Operational Groups OG are teams composed of those actors relevant for the project working together in an innovation project and producing concrete results OG are not stakeholder networks or boards, thematic coordination groups or discussion groups What kind of projects can OGs work with? -New grouping, new project -Existing grouping, new project -Existing grouping, existing project X Must contribute to Rural Development priorities 16. EIP Network NW NW NW Focus group Focus group Focus group Focus group Focus group OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OG OGOG OG OG OG OG OG Workshop Workshop Workshop Seminar Seminar Seminar 17. EIP-AGRI ? Genetic resources Soil organic matter Integrated pest management HNV farming Precision farming Permanent grassland Horticulture fertiliser efficiency 18. 1 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 Focus Groups consist of (up to 20) experts with concrete project experience who share knowledge and develop a series of tangible deliverables (reports, fact sheets etc.) Focus Groups Animal husbandry 19. What should the FG deliver? What innovation is needed? What best practices are available? Which areas need further research? Think of existing operational groups and ideas Identify projects, initiatives and institutions 20. October 2013. First meetingFebruary 2014. Second meeting May 2014. Preliminary reportJune 2014. Final report DISCUSSION BLOCKS: 1. ATTITUDES, INFORMATION AND HUMAN BEHAVIOUR 2. GENERAL ENHANCEMENT OF ANIMAL HEALTH AND WELFARE 3. SPECIFIC ALTERNATIVES TO ANTIBIOTICS COMMON POINTS -NEED FOR A HIGHER USE OF PRECISION LIVESTOCK FARMING -ECONOMIC EVALUATION IS NEEDED AT ALL LEVELS Focus group Results 21. 1.Attitudes, information and human behaviour Comparable Benchmarking Systems Economical evaluation Problem Solving Groups Consulting Boards for the Producer Veterinary education Burning Platform and Clear Roadmap 22. Danish risk management strategies on AMR - VetStat and the Yellow card Restriction vs Education Yellow Card 9 mth. Increased Supervision 5 mth. Above Pig farm with Health Consultancy Contract Monitoring phase 12 months after reduction Databased selection, contact of farmer and confirmation Second Opinion from other vet Below Red Card Until consumption is below thresholdAbove Below Monitoring phase 12 months after reduction12 mth. 12 mth. 23. 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 11000 12000 Kgaktivstof 2009 -10% Restriction vs Education Danish use of antimicrobials in swine 24. Restriction vs Education Netherlands use of antimicrobials in swine 25. Restriction vs Education 26. 2.General enhancement of animal health & welfare Biosecurity (Internal and external) Biosecurity scoring systems Management & Husbandry Husbandry and buildings: Limitation of the spread of pathogens and susceptibility of animals for infection. Herd health management: Constant production rhythm, guidelines for farrowing and newborn-piglet-management, and diseased and weak pigs, reduction of stressors as re-grouping, mixing, transport, turnover, vaccination programes. Management practices: Lactations longer than 28, lactation estrus Manure management: Housing systems, manure organization via separate functional areas Environmental enrichment: Provision of organic and inorganic material Transport Elimination of specific pathogens 27. Biosecurity 28. Facilities and Management 29. 3.Specific alternatives to antibiotics Vaccination Zinc: Pharmacological levels of zinc oxide (ZnO) Prebiotics: -glucan, XOS, GOS, IMOS, TOS, FOS, MOS, COS Probiotics and management of the microbiota on pig farms Plant extracts Breeding for disease resistance 30. Thank you for your attention