Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids - OSCAR...

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  • Proteomics

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

    Proteomic techniques such as two dimensional electrophoresiscan be used to study the entire proteome i.e. all the proteincontent of cells.

    Learning Objectives:

    After interacting with this learning object, the learner will beable to:

    Identify the mechanism involved in the detection. Operate the steps used in colorimeter.

    Infer the law governing the colorimetric analysis. Assess the troubleshooting steps involved in the experiments.

    Perform the experiment to test the presence of amino acidin the sample.

    Note: The current IDD exists in two modes- interactive and automatic.Students taking lab course should select interactive (set as default),while the automatic mode may be selected for general users.

  • Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

    -amino acid reacts with excess of Ninhydrin reagentto give purple color and the intensity of the color isdirectly proportional to the concentration of aminoacid.

    Ninhydrin Reaction

  • Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

    Colorimeter works on the basis of Beer-Lambert's law;the law relates the absorbance and the concentrationof the solution. In the equation, L signifies the pathlength, C concentration, (epsilon) absorptioncoefficient and I0 and I corresponds to the intensity oflight before entering the solution and the intensity ofemergent light from the solution, respectively.

    Beer-Lamberts Law

  • Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

    Clean the surface of the balance. Place a butter paperon the balance and tare the weight.

    Reagents of Ninhydrin Test

  • Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

    Prepare stock solution of amino acid withconcentration 1mg/ml.

    Reagents of Ninhydrin Test

  • Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

    Prepare ninhydrin solution by dissolving weighedninhydrin in ethanol as per required volume.

    Reagents of Ninhydrin Test

  • Prepare 50% ethanol containing 50ml of water and50ml of Ethanol.

    Reagents of Ninhydrin Test

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

  • Wash the boiling tubes; label the tubes as blank,standards as 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1ml and unknown1,2, 3.

    Ninhydrin Test

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

  • Prepare the standard solution of amino acid of varyingconcentration by taking in different volumes from thestock solution of 1mg/ml and then unknown sample.

    Ninhydrin Test

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

  • Make the volume to 4ml using the distilled water in allthe tubes.

    Ninhydrin Test

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

  • Add 1000l of ninhydrin reagent in all the tubes andmix well.

    Ninhydrin Test

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

  • Cover the tubes with aluminum foil and place them inboiling water bath.

    Ninhydrin Test

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

  • Place the tubes in the boiling water for 15 minutes.This condition initiates the reaction betweenninhydrin and amino acids.

    Ninhydrin Test

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

  • Place the tubes in cold water and allow it to cooldown. Add 1 ml of 50% ethanol in all the tubes.

    Ninhydrin Test

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

  • Switch on the colorimeter and set the wavelength to570nm to take the absorbance.

    Calometric Analysis

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

  • Rinse the cuvette with the blank and discard it. Fillthe cuvette with the blank solution and take the OD,auto zero the instrument and take the readings for allthe other tubes.

    Calometric Analysis

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids

  • Plot the graph between OD at 570nm and theconcentration of the sample and extrapolate theunknown OD value to find the concentration.

    Calometric Analysis

    Quantitative Estimation of Amino Acids