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  • 45%

    24%

    17%

    10%

    4%

    Age 18-30 years 31-40 years 41-50 years 51-60 years 61+ ετών

  • 34%

    37%

    29%

    Highest educational qualification

    High School Certificate Bachelor Postgraduate qualification

  • 48%

    52%

    Gender

    Men Women

  • 51%

    16%

    9%

    24%

    Place of Employment

    Private Public semi Government Not working

  • 43%

    34%

    13%

    7%

    2% 1%

    Place of Residence Nicosia Limassol Larnaka Pafos Ammochostos Other

  • Giving money orother consideration

    to receive abuilding permit.

    Giving money orother consideration

    for obtaining adriver's license

    Giving money orother consideration

    for reduction oftaxes.

    Giving money orother consideration

    for an academicqualification

    Pulling strings forrecruitment in the

    public sector

    Pulling strings forrecruitment in the

    private sector

    Receiving money or other

    compensation for mediating to

    facilitate someone’s winning

    a tender for a project.

    Pulling strings for afavourable

    treatment in thearmy

    YES 84% 88% 86% 89% 76% 59% 76% 70%

    NO 6% 8% 7% 6% 8% 15% 9% 10%

    IT DEPENTS 8% 4% 5% 5% 15% 25% 13% 19%

    DK 1% 0% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1%

    84% 88% 86%

    89%

    76%

    59%

    76% 70%

    6% 8% 7% 6% 8%

    15%

    9% 10% 8% 4% 5% 5%

    15%

    25%

    13%

    19%

    1% 0% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1%

    Do you consider that the following acts constitute corruption? (2011)

    YES NO IT DEPENTS DK

  • Giving money orother

    consideration toreceive a building

    permit.

    Giving money orother

    consideration forobtaining a

    driver's license

    Giving money orother

    consideration forreduction of

    taxes.

    Giving money orother

    consideration foran academicqualification

    Pulling stringsfor recruitment

    in the publicsector

    Pulling strings forrecruitment in

    the privatesector

    Receiving money or other

    compensation for mediating to

    facilitate someone’s

    winning a tender for a project.

    Pulling stringsfor a favourabletreatment in the

    army

    2010 55% 55% 58% 55% 63% 50% 43% 54%

    2011 84% 88% 86% 89% 76% 59% 76% 70%

    55% 55% 58%

    55%

    63%

    50%

    43%

    54%

    84% 88% 86%

    89%

    76%

    59%

    76%

    70%

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    70%

    80%

    90%

    100%

    Acts that constitute corruption (2010 and 2011)

  • 3% 2% 3% 4% 5% 4%

    6% 6%

    11%

    5% 7%

    10% 12% 14%

    20%

    30%

    41%

    48% 48% 45%

    52% 49%

    47% 47%

    53% 55%

    50% 49%

    73%

    62%

    42%

    32% 33%

    45%

    28% 28% 24%

    32% 29%

    21% 21% 20%

    4% 6%

    14% 16%

    14%

    6%

    15% 18% 18% 17%

    11% 14%

    16% 18%

    Politicians atnational level

    Officialsawarding

    publictenders

    Officialsissuing

    buildingpermits

    Officials atregional level

    Officials atlocal level

    The peopleworking inthe police

    service

    Inspectors(health,

    construction,food quality,

    healthpermitting)

    Officialsissuing

    professionallicenses

    The peopleworking inthe judicial

    services

    The peopleworking inthe custom

    officers

    Peopleworking inthe public

    health sector(e.g.

    Hospitals)

    Peopleworking inthe PublicEducationservices

    Peopleworking inthe private

    healthservices

    Peopleworking inthe privateeducationservices

    Do you think that the giving and taking of bribes, and the abuse of positions of power for personal gain, are widespread among any of the following in

    Cyprus? (2011)

    NO CORRUPTION SOME CORRUPTION A LOT OF CORRUPTION DK

  • Politicians at

    nationallevel

    Officialsawarding

    publictenders

    Officialsissuing

    buildingpermits

    Officialsat

    regionallevel

    Officialsat local

    level

    Thepeople

    workingin thepoliceservice

    Inspectors (health,construction, foodquality,health

    permitting)

    Officialsissuing

    professional

    licenses

    Thepeople

    workingin the

    judicialservices

    Thepeople

    workingin the

    customofficers

    Peopleworking

    in thepublichealthsector(e.g.

    Hospitals)

    Peopleworking

    in thePublic

    Educationservices

    Peopleworking

    in theprivatehealth

    services

    Peopleworking

    in theprivate

    education services

    2010 90% 90% 87% 88% 88% 92% 82% 82% 74% 86% 83% 79% 72% 67%

    2011 93% 92% 83% 80% 81% 90% 80% 77% 71% 79% 82% 76% 71% 69%

    90% 90%

    87% 88% 88% 92%

    82% 82%

    74%

    86% 83%

    79% 72%

    67%

    93% 92%

    83% 80% 81%

    90%

    80% 77%

    71%

    79% 82%

    76% 71%

    69%

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    70%

    80%

    90%

    100%

    Categories that the giving and taking of bribes, and the abuse of positions of power for personal gain, are widespread among….. (2010 and 2011)

  • Theimpartial

    applicationof the law

    To have afaster trial

    andsentencing

    To enforcestringent

    punishments

    The “asset means

    declaration” should be

    applied correctly for all officials

    Organisecampaigns

    againstcorruption

    To create anIndependen

    tCommission

    AgainstCorruption

    To improvethe legal

    frameworkfor the

    detection,prevention

    andpunishment

    ofcorruption

    Toimplement

    heavypunishment

    for thosereceivingbribery

    Toimplement

    heavypunishment

    for thosegiving

    bribery

    Toimplementa code ofconductbetween

    the publishservantsand thegeneralpublic

    To offer athigh school

    level acourse in

    anti-corruption

    To enact alegislation

    onWhistleblo

    wingProtection

    Act

    EFFECTIVE 74% 83% 75% 76% 55% 65% 80% 87% 87% 70% 71% 79%

    NOT EFFECTIVE 21% 13% 20% 13% 40% 28% 15% 11% 12% 24% 23% 15%

    DK 5% 4% 4% 11% 5% 6% 5% 2% 1% 6% 6% 6%

    74%

    83%

    75% 76%

    55%

    65%

    80%

    87% 87%

    70% 71%

    79%

    21%

    13%

    20%

    13%

    40%

    28%

    15% 11% 12%

    24% 23%

    15%

    5% 4% 4%

    11%

    5% 6% 5% 2% 1%

    6% 6% 6%

    How effective is or will be in your opinion the following measures to combat corruption? (2011)

    EFFECTIVE NOT EFFECTIVE DK

  • Theimpartial

    applicationof the law

    To have afaster trial

    andsentencing

    To enforcestringent

    punishments

    The “asset means

    declaration” should be

    applied correctly for all officials

    Organisecampaigns

    againstcorruption

    To createan

    Independent

    CommissionAgainst

    Corruption

    To improvethe legal

    frameworkfor the

    detection,prevention

    andpunishment

    ofcorruption

    Toimplement

    heavypunishment

    for thosereceivingbribery

    Toimplement

    heavypunishment

    for thosegiving

    bribery

    Toimplementa code of

    coductbetween

    the publichservantsand thegeneralpublic

    To offer athigh school

    level acourse in

    anti-corruption

    To enact alegislation

    onWhistleblo

    wingProtection

    Act

    2010 87% 89% 82% 81% 65% 73% 86%

    2011 74% 83% 75% 76% 55% 65% 80% 87% 87% 70% 71% 79%

    87% 89%

    82% 81%

    65%

    73%

    86%

    74%

    83%

    75% 76%

    55%

    65%

    80%

    87% 87%

    70% 71%

    79%

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    70%

    80%

    90%

    100%

    Effectiveness of measures to combat corruption (2010 and 2011)

  • 8% 5% 6%

    10%

    6%

    1% 4%

    2%

    7% 4% 4%

    7%

    11% 8% 8%

    17%

    26% 29%

    27%

    21%

    69%

    54%

    46% 46%

    58%

    1% 4%

    6%

    1% 3%

    Corruption is amajor problem

    There is corruptionat a nationalinstitutions

    There is corruptionat a local

    institutions

    Corruption isinevitable and will

    always be there

    Corruption willraise due to theeconomic crisis

    Extent of corruption in Cyprus (2011)

    Totally disagree Tend to disagree Neutral Tend to agree Totally agree DK

  • Corruption is a majorproblem

    There is corruption at anational institutions

    There is corruption at alocal institutions

    Corruption is inevitableand will always be there

    Corruption will raise dueto the economic crisis

    2010 70% 60% 57% 50%

    2011 86% 80% 75% 73% 79%

    70%

    60% 57%

    50%

    86%

    80%

    75% 73%

    79%

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    70%

    80%

    90%

    100%

    Extent of corruption in Cyprus (2010 and 2011)

  • There areclose linksbetween

    business andpolitics.

    Politicians (theGovernment

    andParliament)

    are not doingenough to

    fightcorruption.

    Public moneyis not spent in

    transparentmanner.

    There is noreal

    punishmentfor corruption

    (lightsentences inthe courts or

    noprosecution)

    Manyappointmentsin the public

    administrationare not based

    onmerit/qualifica

    tions.

    Many peopleaccept

    corruption aspart of

    everyday life

    The law isoften not

    applied by theauthorities in

    charge

    Poor socio-economicconditions

    (low incomes,poverty) leadto corruption.

    You don'tneed to obeythe law sincenobody will

    find out

    To make aprocess fasterand easier is

    acceptable togive someone

    money orother

    consideration.

    Whenpersonal/family interests arenot adverselyaffected then

    it isacceptable togive money or

    otherconsiderationfor facilities.

    Totally disagree 6% 5% 5% 4% 4% 4% 4% 7% 21% 19% 23%

    Tend to disagree 4% 3% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% 11% 11% 9% 12%

    Neutral 10% 6% 7% 5% 7% 8% 10% 17% 14% 13% 14%

    Tend to agree 27% 24% 25% 21% 20% 29% 27% 23% 20% 21% 17%

    Totally agree 47% 60% 52% 63% 62% 52% 52% 39% 31% 35% 30%

    DK 7% 2% 6% 3% 4% 3% 4% 3% 3% 2% 4%

    6% 5% 5% 4% 4% 4% 4% 7%

    21% 19%

    23%

    4% 3% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3%

    11% 11% 9% 12%

    10% 6% 7% 5%

    7% 8%

    10%

    17% 14% 13% 14%

    27% 24% 25%

    21% 20%

    29% 27%

    23% 20% 21%

    17%

    47%

    60%

    52%

    63% 62%

    52% 52%

    39%

    31%

    35%

    30%

    7%

    2% 6%

    3% 4% 3% 4% 3% 3% 2% 4%

    What are the reasons in your opinion there is corruption in Cyprus? (2011) Totally disagree Tend to disagree Neutral Tend to agree Totally agree DK

  • There areclose linksbetweenbusiness

    and politics.

    Politicians(the

    Governmentand

    Parliament)are notdoing

    enough tofight

    corruption.

    Publicmoney is

    not spent intransparent

    manner.

    There is noreal

    punishmentfor

    corruption(light

    sentences inthe courts

    or noprosecution

    )

    Manyappointmen

    ts in thepublic

    administration are notbased on

    merit/qualifications.

    Manypeopleaccept

    corruptionas part ofeveryday

    life

    The law isoften notapplied by

    theauthoritiesin charge

    Poor socio-economicconditions

    (lowincomes,poverty)lead to

    corruption.

    You don'tneed to

    obey thelaw since

    nobody willfind out

    To make aprocess

    faster andeasier is

    acceptableto give

    someonemoney or

    otherconsideratio

    n.

    Whenpersonal/fa

    milyinterests are

    notadverselyaffectedthen it is

    acceptableto give

    money orother

    consideration for

    facilities.

    2010 58% 67% 56% 67% 69% 59% 61% 34% 32% 35% 29%

    2011 74% 84% 77% 84% 82% 81% 79% 62% 51% 56% 47%

    58%

    67%

    56%

    67% 69%

    59% 61%

    34% 32% 35%

    29%

    74%

    84%

    77%

    84% 82% 81% 79%

    62%

    51% 56%

    47%

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    70%

    80%

    90%

    Reasons there is corruption in Cyprus (2010 and 2011)

  • 6% 5% 5%

    8%

    5% 7%

    4% 3% 4% 6%

    3% 5%

    10%

    5% 8%

    16%

    8%

    13%

    23%

    18% 19% 22%

    18% 19%

    51%

    66%

    61%

    40%

    63%

    34%

    5% 3% 3%

    7%

    4%

    22%

    The judicial system The government The police The EuropeanUnion institutions

    All the politicalparties andParliament

    NGO’s and/or other

    organisations

    Do you think that preventing and fighting corruption is the responsibility of…? (2011)

    Totally disagree Tend to disagree Neutral Tend to agree Totally agree DK

  • The judicialsystem

    The government The policeThe European

    Union institutions

    NGO’s and/or other

    organisations

    All the politicalparties andParliament

    2010 59% 75% 67% 50% 52%

    2011 74% 84% 80% 62% 53% 81%

    59%

    75%

    67%

    50% 52%

    74%

    84% 80%

    62%

    53%

    81%

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    70%

    80%

    90%

    Responsibility for the prevention and combat of corruption rests with… (2010 and 2011)

  • TRANSPARENCY CYPRUS

    P.O. Box 50329, 3603 Lemesos, Cyprus T. +357 25002428 | F. +357 25002663 | K. +357 99578488

    Email: [email protected] | www.transparencycyprus.org