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Transcript of zarafonitou tom1 agg - Panteion University 9 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Iwould like to express my warmest gra!

  • Criminological

    Studies

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  • PANTEION UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCES

    DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY - SECTION OF CRIMINOLOGY

    POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMME “CRIMINOLOGY”

    Criminological Studies

    VOLUME 1

    Are there ghettos in the centre of Athens?

    Criminological research of social attitudes and representations

    Chris na Zarafonitou and Eleni Chrysochoou

    ATHENS 2015

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    CRIMINOLOGICAL STUDIES

    Editor: Professor Christina Zarafonitou, Director of the M.A. “Criminology”, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences

    POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMME “CRIMINOLOGY” PANTEION UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCES

    VOLUME 1

    Christina Zarafonitou, Eleni Chrysochoou, Are there ghettos in the centre of Athens? Criminological research of social attitudes and representations,

    Athens 2015

    DTP, μακέτα εξωφύλλου │ re: create

    ISSN - 2408-008Χ ISBN - 978-618-81828-0-6

    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission of Dionikos Pub., or as expressly permitted by law or under the terms agreed with the appropriate reprographic rights organization. Enquiries concerning reproduction which may not be covered by the above should be addressed to Dionikos Pub at the address above.

    Designed by

    Μaria Tsakouridou & Co. 42, Themistokleus Str., 106 78 Athens Τel. & Fax: +30210 38 01 777, e-mail: dionicos@otenet.gr, www.dionicos.gr

    DIONIKOS PUB.

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    PREFACE

    T he Programme of Postgraduate Studies (MA) “Criminology” operates as an offi cially recognised Postgraduate Programme by the Ministry of Educa" on in the Department of Sociology of Panteion University since

    the academic year 2003-2004. More specifi cally, it is the succession of the

    Postgraduate Seminar of Criminology, operated in the Sec" on of Criminology,

    with a relevant decision of the Senate of Panteion University, since 1984.

    Under this Programme many studies and researches of high scien" fi c value

    are conducted not only by the teaching staff but also by the postgraduate

    students and the Ph.D. candidates. The value of the aforemen" oned scien" fi c

    work is important and recognised since many of these studies are presented

    in na" onal and interna" onal conferences and are published in dis" nguished

    scien" fi c Greek and European journals. This academic ac" vity, which is not

    funded, is a refl ec" on of the interest for the science of Criminology, the

    character of which is not only theore" cal but also prac" cal. The understanding

    of the complex social phenomena requires their theore" cal and empirical

    inves" ga" on. This interdependent rela" onship between research and theory

    contributes to the development of scien" fi c thought and also highlights

    the “prac" cal” u" lity of Criminology in the fi eld of crime policy. The project

    launched by the present publica" on, under the annual regular budget of the

    MA “Criminology”, aims to highlight the important research work produced

    in this area, by publishing some of the most signifi cant empirical studies.

    The bilingual version was chosen in order to contribute to the exchange of

    scien" fi c knowledge and experience at an interna" onal level.

    The study which is published in the fi rst issue and launches the

    Series “Εγκληματολογικές Μελέτες/Criminological Studies” deals with a

    contemporary and " meless topic of Criminology, the forma" on of ghe& os in

    the center of large ci" es which is specifi ed through the empirical inves" ga" on

    in the center of Athens. The originality of such a topic for Greek reality coupled

    with the use of combined and approved methods as well as the conduct of a

    follow up study give scien" fi c validity and originality on the overall project.

    Athens, January 2015

    Professor Chris na Zarafonitou

    Director of the M.A. “Criminology”

    Panteion University of Social and Poli" cal Sciences

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  • Devoted to all the students of the Postgraduate

    Programme of Criminology of Panteion University

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    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    I would like to express my warmest gra! tude to all my postgraduate students who par! cipated in the ini! al and follow up studies, and par! cularly to my PhD candidate Eleni Chrysohoou for our excellent coopera! on as well as to Dr.

    Eleni Kontopoulou and criminologist Peggy Giannakopoulou for assis! ng with

    the English transla! on.

    And from this posi! on, I par! cularly thank my colleagues of the Postgraduate

    Programme of Criminology, for their support, and the administra! ve and

    fi nancial departments as well as, in par! cular, the Rectorate of Panteion

    University for their support.

    Many thanks go to Dionikos publica! ons for the edited publica! on.

    Last but not least, I would like to thank my family for their pa! ence and

    their crea! ve support.

    Professor Dr. Chris na Zarafonitou

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    CONTENTS

    Preface ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5

    Acknowledgments ............................................................................................................................................... 9

    Introductory Chapter: .Distribu! on of crime and insecurity

    in urban areas in the light of Environmental Criminology ........................................ 13

    Ι. Theore" cal framework .............................................................................................................................. 13

    ΙΙ. The peculiarity of the Greek capital ............................................................................................. 21

    Chapter One: Conceptual delimita! ons of the term “ghe" o” .............................. 23

    Ι. Conceptual defi ni" ons ............................................................................................................................... 23

    ΙΙ. Types of “ghe$ os” ........................................................................................................................................ 24

    ΙΙΙ. Prerequisites required in order defi ning an area as a “ghe$ o” ......................... 25

    Chapter Two: Empirical research ........................................................................................................ 27

    Ι. The research’s physiognomy ............................................................................................................... 27

    i. Methodology ................................................................................................................................................ 27

    ii. Sample characteris" cs ........................................................................................................................ 28

    iii. On-spot observa" on ........................................................................................................................... 29

    II. Research fi ndings .......................................................................................................................................... 30

    A. The impression of the researchers ......................................................................................... 30

    i. Kotzia square .................................................................................................................................... 31

    ii. Theatrou square ........................................................................................................................... 33

    iii. St. Constan" ne square .......................................................................................................... 35

    IV. Vathis square ................................................................................................................................. 37

    V. Victoria square ............................................................................................................................... 39

    B. The opinions of the inhabitants ................................................................................................ 42

    i. Reported criminality in research areas ..................................................................... 43

    ii. Reported vic" miza" on .....................................................................