Y.A.P: Youth Agri-Preneurship; Global development perspectives

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Transcript of Y.A.P: Youth Agri-Preneurship; Global development perspectives

  • karantininis.konstantinos@slu.se

    Y.A.P.:

    Youth Agri-Preneurship

    global development perspectives

    ostas arantininisprofessor of business administration

    department of economics, SLu

    Youth, Agripreneurship and the Sustainable Development Goals8 May, 2017 - 09:00 - 16:00, SIDA, Stockholm Sweden

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    what is

    entrepreneurship ?

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    economic, business, political entrepreneurship

    En Marche! resembles an enthusiastic start-up, put together with the entrepreneurial skills of its boss, Emmanuel Macron

    Jeremy Harding, London Review of Books, 2017

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    WHAT is an entrepreneur ?

    entrepreneurntrprn/

    noun

    a person who sets up a business or businesses, taking on financial risks in the hope of profit.

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    the origins

    an entrepreneur as an adventurer, who invests in the purchase of goods and materials with the incentive of selling these in the future.

    Richard Cantillon (1755)

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    the Scumpeterian entrepreneur

    entrepreneurs are not necessarily motivated by profit but regard it as a standard for measuring achievement or success.

    Joseph Alois Schumpeter

    (1883-1950)

    personal achievement

    social entrepreneurship

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    economic theories of entrepreneurship

    entrepreneurship as an outcome or a phenomenon

    self-employment, startup companies

    a way of acting or thinking

    creativity, innovation, alertness, judgment, adaptation

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    the two parts to entrepreneurship

    1. the managerial skills needed to start and run a profitable farm business.

    2. the entrepreneurial spirit.

    Managerial skills can be taught,

    Entrepreneurial spirit cannot

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    Managerial skills can be taught

    Entrepreneurial spirit cannot

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    bill gates (1955 - ) $ 87 600 000 000

    Success is a lousy teacher. It

    seduces smart people into

    thinking they can't lose

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    jeff bezos (1964 - ) $ 80 300 000 000one of the only ways to get out of a

    tight box is to invent your way out

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    warren buffett (1930 - ) $ 74 700 000 000

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    mark zuckerberg (1984 - ) $ 62 800 000 000

    a simple rule of business is, if you

    do the things that are easier first,

    then you can actually make a lot of

    progress

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    elon musk (1971 - ) $ 14 600 000 000

    If you're trying to create a company,

    it's like baking a cake.

    You have to have

    all the ingredients

    in the

    right proportion

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    steve jobs (1955 2011)

    Great things in business are never done by

    one person. They're done

    by a team of people

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    tabitha karanja, keroche breweries, kenya

    15000 bottles/hour

    5% market share

    broke a multinational monopoly

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    yvette ondachi, ojay greene founder, kenya

    started as sales woman

    ojay greene:

    contract farming

    mobile platform

    reduces risks

    increases income to farmers

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    Why youth entrepreneurship ?

    Youth population dominant in Africa and developing world in general

    Youth poverty and unemployment are key sources of:

    Youth migration

    Terrorism

    Youth education

    Youth entrepreneurship in agriculture will

    increase youth employment

    Reduce the youth migration

    Make extremism less attractive to youth and reduce terrorism

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    Africa Population by age groups

    (UN, World population report, 2015)

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    youth unemployment S-S Africa

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    these statistics are wrong !

    governments do not record properly

    or they do not report properly

    the problem is much worse!

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    facts

    people under the age of 25 in S-Saharan Africa are 3X times more often to be unemployed than adults

    this subgroup makes 62% of the total population in the region.

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    YAPies ?

    78% of the youth businesses in Angola have created up to 5 (five) jobs per business.

    GEM, 2016

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    YAPies ?

    in Malawi, 88% of the youth businesses do not even create additional jobs.

    GEM, 2016

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    YAPies ?

    Almost 75% of the youth businesses indicated they were using technologies or procedures that are more than five years ago.

    GEM, 2016

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    YEP but not YAP

    The share of agriculture in these businesses is very low:

    agriculture, forestry and fishing together have a share of approximately 10%.

    The majority of the new youth businesses are in retail trade, hotels and the restaurant industry.

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    impediments to YAP

    1. Insufficient access to knowledge, information and education.

    2. Limited access to land.3. Inadequate access to financial services. 4. Difficulties accessing green jobs. 5. Limited access to markets. 6. Limited involvement in policy dialogue.

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    what can we do ?

    we can NOT create entrepreneurs

    because nobody can

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    Insufficient access to knowledge, information and education.

    we can train those with entrepreneurial spirit

    because we know how to train people especially the young ones

    we can train students and entrepreneurs in skills

    we can train the trainers

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    Limited access to markets. we can advise governments on enabling

    institutions

    because we are research institutions

    very well versed in advising policy

    enabling environments

    access to markets

    access to the supply chain

    help-advise create open and connected chains

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    Limited involvement in policy dialogue.

    we should envisage the engaged university

    the GAIA model

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    target those in need most greater effects

    post-conflict areas

    graduates from professional vocational school:

    No one left the country !

    all of them employed some entrepreneurs

    0 migration

    0 terrorism

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    we can learn more from our trainees

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