XHMEIA Α΄ΛΥΚΕΙΟΥ - .xhmeia Α΄ΛΥΚΕΙΟΥ. 4 Οι εργαστηριακές...

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  • I Y

    XHMEIA

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    M

    Y

    CM

    MY

    CY

    CMY

    K

    cover 2017.ai 1 24/04/2017 10:27 ..

  • : , , .., , ..,

    2016: , .., , ..,

    2017: , .., -, , ,

    : ,

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    2016

    2017 ()

    :

    ISBN: 978-9963-54-088-7

    50%, . .

    XHMEIA

    . 5 - 30

    . 31 - 62

  • XHMEIA

  • 4

    () , .

    [1] - (2007) : , .

    [2] , (2002) : , .

    [3] (2004) : , .

    1:

    2:

    3: - -

    4:

    5:

    6:

    7:

    XHMEIA

  • 5

    1 : ....................

    () () .

    .

    , .

    :

    ,

    . 1.1

    .

  • 6

    , .

    1.1.

    /

    1

    2 , . (, )

    3 , .

    4

    5

    6 /

    7 /

    8 .

    9 / /

    , ,, , , Bunsen, (50 100 mL), , ,

    : Mg, , Pb(NO3)2, CaCO3,KMnO4, FeSO4:HCl, H2SO4

  • 7

    1

    1. . Bunsen.

    ;

    .............................................................................................................................................

    .............................................................................................................................................

    2. .

    .............................................................................................................................................

    Pb (NO3)2

    2

    1. , , 0,5 g , 0,5 g , Pb(NO3)2.

    2. 1.2.

    1.2

    Pb(NO3)2

    3. 4 mL .

    ;

    .............................................................................................................................................

    ;

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    4. , , , , , Pb(NO3)2. .

    B;

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  • 8

    ;

    .............................................................................................................................................

    .

    .............................................................................................................................................

    3

    1. , , 0,5 g , CaCO3 3 mL , HCl.

    2. 1.3.

    1.3

    CaCO3 HCl

    3. , , , HCl.

    , HCl, , CaCO3;

    .............................................................................................................................................

    .............................................................................................................................................

    .

    .............................................................................................................................................

    4. . ( ).

    ;

    .............................................................................................................................................

  • 9

    5. , HCl.

    ;

    .............................................................................................................................................

    ;

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    4

    1. , KMnO4, (), FeSO4 , H2SO4 1.4.

    1.4

    KMnO4

    FeSO4

    H2SO4

    2. 3 mL , KMnO4.

    : , .

    , .

    .............................................................................................................................................

    K

  • 10

    3. 4 mL 0,5 g (), FeSO4.

    , .

    .

    .............................................................................................................................................

    4. , KMnO4, :

    () 3 mL , H2SO4 ;

    .............................................................................................................................................

    () , (), FeSO4, .

    ;

    .............................................................................................................................................

    :

    .

  • 11

    , , , , . .

    .

    , .

    .

    .

    , , ,, , , , Bunsen, (100 mL), , , ,

    NaCl 3 Na2CO3 NaCl

    1

    1. 0,5 g ( 1-4) .

    2. , , 2 mL ( 5) .

    3. 2.1 .

    : ....................

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    4. 3 mL , .

    2.1 .

    5. 1 .

    6. Bunsen . , .

    7. 2.1 , .

    8. :

    .................................................................................

    ................................................................ 9. () ;

    ............................................................................................................................................. () ;

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    2.1

    () ..

    1. C12H22O11

    2. Na2CO3

    3. S8

    4. KNO3

    5. 2

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    2

    1. , .

    2. (100 mL) , NaCl, 25 mL , 25 mL 25 mL , NaCl.

    3. , NaCl. , , NaCl.

    4. 2.2. .

    2.2

    (, )

    NaCl

    ()

    NaCl

    5. ; .

    .............................................................................................................................................

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    .............................................................................................................................................

    6. ;

    .............................................................................................................................................

    .............................................................................................................................................

    7. .

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  • 14

    :

    1. .

    2. ) :

    NaHCO3, NaCl, CH3CH2OH CxHz, .

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