Training basic latex

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Basic Latex

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  • 1.Training Basic Latex Edited by: Nguyen Duc Minh Khoi Email: nguyenducminhkhoi@gmail.comWebsite: http://nguyenducminhkhoi.blogspot.com@HCMC University of Technology, Spring 2013Main reference: THE NOT SO SHORT INTRODUCTION TO LATEX2 by Tobias Oetiker Hubert Partl, Irene Hyna and Elisabeth Schlegl

2. Contents:Things you need to know Typesetting Text Specialities Typeset Mathematical formulaeProducing Mathematical graphicsTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 2 3. Things you need to knowTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 3 4. Things you need to know Tex, Latex TEX is a computer program created by Donald E. Knuth is aimed at typesetting text and mathematical formulae LATEX enables authors to typeset and print their work at the highest typo-graphical quality,using a predened, professional layout was originally written by Leslie Lamport uses the TEX formatter as its typesetting engine These days LATEX is maintained by Frank MittelbachTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 4 5. Things you need to know Author, Book Designer, Typesetter To publish something: authors give their typed manuscript to a publishing company. One of their book designers then decides the layout of the document and writes hisinstructions into the manuscript and then gives it to a typesetter typesetter who typesets the book according to these instructions. In a LATEX environment, LATEX takes the role of the book designer and uses TEX as its typesetter. But LATEX is only a program and therefore needs more guidance. The author has toprovide additional information to describe the logical structure of his work. This information is written into the text as LATEX commands.Training Basic Latex1/12/20135 6. Things you need to know Latexs advantages LATEX prevents formatting errors by forcing the author to declare the logicalstructure of his document. LATEX then chooses the most suitable layout. Professionally crafted layouts are available, which make a document really look asif printed. The typesetting of mathematical formulae is supported in a convenient way. Users only need to learn a few easy-to-understand commands that specify thelogical structure of a document. Even complex structures such as footnotes, references, table of contents, andbibliographies can be generated easily. TEX, the formatting engine of LATEX2, is highly portable and free. Therefore thesystem runs on almost any hardware platform available.Training Basic Latex 1/12/2013 6 7. Things you need to know Latexs installation On Linux OS systems: use Texlive as compiler and gedit as text editor On Mac OS: use MacTex as compiler and text wrangler as text editor On Windows: use MikTex as compiler and notepad++ as text editor Or you can use texclipse as text editor (full support for latex) on multiple platform On website: verbosus MonkeyTeX LaTeX Lab ShareLaTeX WriteLaTeXTraining Basic Latex 1/12/20137 8. Things you need to know Latexs installation (cont.) - TexclipseTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 8 9. Things you need to know Files encounterTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 9 10. Typesetting TextTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 10 11. Typesetting Text Input files Spaces: Several consecutive whitespace characters are treated as one space. Whitespace at the start of a line is generally ignored, and a single line break is treated aswhitespace. An empty line between two lines of text denes the end of a paragraph. Several emptylines are treated the same as one empty line.Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 11 12. Typesetting Text Input files (cont.) Special Characters: Latex Commands: are case sensitive start with a backslashand then have a name consisting of letters only. Commandnames are terminated by a space, a number or any other non-letter. If you want to get a space after a command, you have to put either an empty parameter{} and a blank or a special spacing command after the command name.Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 12 13. Typesetting Text Input files (cont.) Comments: a % character while processing an input le, it ignores the rest of the present line, theline break, and all whitespace at the beginning of the next line. write notes into the input le, which will not show up in the printed version.Training Basic Latex 1/12/201313 14. Typesetting Text Input file StructureTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 14 15. Typesetting Text The Layout of the documents MTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 15 16. Training Basic Latex 1/12/2013 16 17. Typesetting TextThe Layout of the documents (cont.)Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 17 18. Typesetting Text The Layout of the documents (cont.)Training Basic Latex 1/12/2013 18 19. Typesetting Text Line Breaking and Page Breaking To break a line, use: starts a new line without starting a new paragraph: additionally prohibits a page break after the forced line break: Start a new page: Several words can be kept together on one line with the command:Training Basic Latex 1/12/2013 19 20. Typesetting Text Special character and stringsQuotation marks:Dash and hyphens:Training Basic Latex 1/12/2013 20 21. Typesetting Text Special character and strings (cont.) Degree symbols (): Euro currency symbols (): Ellipsis ()Training Basic Latex 1/12/2013 21 22. Typesetting Text Titles, Chapters and Sections For article class: If you want to split your document in parts without inuencing the section orchapter numbering use: When you work with the report or book class, an additional top-level sectioningcommand becomes available:Training Basic Latex 1/12/201322 23. Typesetting Text Foot notes and emphasized words Footnotes: Emphasized words:Training Basic Latex 1/12/2013 23 24. Typesetting Text EnvironmentsTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 24 25. Typesetting Text Environments Flushleft, flushright, centerTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 25 26. Typesetting Text Quote, Quotation, AbstractTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 26 27. Typesetting Text Verbatim, tabular begin{verbatim} and end{verbatim} will be directly printed, as if typed on atypewriter: Tabular:L: left aligned columnR: right aligned columnC: center aligned columnTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 27 28. SpecialtiesTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 28 29. Specialties Figures and TablesTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 29 30. Specialties Figures and Tables (cont.)Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 30 31. Specialties Bibliography Produce a bibliography with the thebibliography environment. Each entry startswith: The marker is then used to cite the book, article or paper within the document.Training Basic Latex 1/12/201331 32. Specialties Table of contents (TOC) Create table of contents: In preamble section, add: To describe title, author and the date written Make title commands: Cross references:Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 32 33. Specialties Indexing In the preamble: Content of the index is specified with:Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 33 34. Specialties Hypertext links For complete hypertext links Or embed explicit links:Training Basic Latex 1/12/2013 34 35. Specialties Big Projects Use includeonly comment in preamble first Then use: Use: This makes LATEX skim through your document only checking for proper syntaxand usage of the commands, but doesnt produce any (DVI) output.Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 35 36. Specialties Install Extra Packages Most LATEX installations come with a large set of pre-installed style packages But many more are available on the net. (e.g.: http://www.ctan.org/ ) Or download template from www.latextemplates.com Or using package manager of each compiler to install extra packagesTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 36 37. Typesetting MathematicalFormulaeTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 37 38. Typesetting Mathematical FormulaeAMS-LATEX Single Equation AMS-LATEX is produced by The American Mathematical Society and it is usedextensively for mathematical typesetting. Without numberingTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 38 39. Typesetting Mathematical Formulae Single Equations (cont.)Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 39 40. Typesetting Mathematical Formulae Single Equations (cont.)Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 40 41. Typesetting Mathematical Formulae Single Equations (cont.)Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 41 42. Typesetting Mathematical Formulae Single Equations (cont.)Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 42 43. Typesetting Mathematical FormulaeSingle Equations (cont.)Training Basic Latex 1/12/2013 43 44. Typesetting Mathematical Formulae Multiple Equations (cont.)Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 44 45. Typesetting Mathematical Formulae Array and MatricesTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 45 46. Typesetting Mathematical FormulaeArray and Matrices (cont.)Training Basic Latex 1/12/2013 46 47. Typesetting Mathematical Formulae Theorems, lemmasTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 47 48. Typesetting Mathematical Formulae Theorems, lemmas (cont.)Training Basic Latex 1/12/2013 48 49. Producing MathematicalgraphicsTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 49 50. Producing Mathematical graphics Picture environment basic operationsTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 50 51. Producing Mathematical graphics Line segmentsTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 51 52. Producing Mathematical graphics ArrowsTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 52 53. Producing Mathematical graphics CirclesTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 53 54. Producing Mathematical graphics Text and formulasTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 54 55. Producing Mathematical graphics Multiput, linethicknessTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 55 56. Producing Mathematical graphics OvalsTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 56 57. Producing Mathematical graphics Predefined picture boxTraining Basic Latex1/12/2013 57 58. Producing Mathematical graphics Quadratic Bzier CurvesTraining Basic Latex 1/12/2013 58 59. Producing Mathematical graphicsThe PGF and TikZ Graphics Packages (from latextemplates.com)Training Basic Latex1/12/2013 59 60. Thank for your listening!