Thessaloniki Greece

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Information about Thessaloniki

Transcript of Thessaloniki Greece

Greece: Facts & FiguresPresident:Prokopis Pavlopoulos (2015)

Prime Minister:Alexis Tsipras (2015)

Land area:50,502 sq mi (130,800 sq km);total area:50,942 sq mi (131,940 sq km)

Population (2014 est.):10,775,557 (growth rate: .01%); birth rate: 8.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 11/1000; life expectancy: 80.3

Capital (2011 est.):Athens, 3.414 million

Currency:EuroLanguage:GreekCity Info

Population: 790.000 ATMs: Yes

Internet cafes: YesAirport: YesPrice rate: AverageSubway: under constructionSuburban rail: YesBuses: local and suburban KTELEmergency Phone Numbers

International code: 0030Local code: 2310

All emergencies (european emergency centre) 112

Local police 100

Medical emergencies 166

Fire station emergency 199Hospitals: 2310837921, 2310357602, 2310451521

Tourist Police: 2310554871, 2310544162

Traffic Police: 2310416654

Train Station: 2310517517

Thessaloniki Airport: 2310471170, 2310473042

Radio Taxi: 2310550500, 2310866866, 2310511855Introduction to Thessaloniki

Thessaloniki isa very different city from Athens but no less sophisticated and (some might say) culturally superior. The influence of the east is more pronounced, not just in the delicious food, but in the relaxed lifestyle. Thessaloniki is a big city, the most important port in the Balkans,with an almost college town feel. The nightlife in Thessaloniki is exceptional, the bars and clubs play great music. Therestaurantsand ouzeries are among the best in Greece. There are many cinemas showing first-run English language films. The city is also the site of the renowned Thessaloniki Film Festival in October-November. The women, considered the most chic in Greece, so if you like to shop for clothes, shoes and jewellery you will be quite happy here. There are manyRoman and Byzantine sitesto keep any history-minded visitor occupied, plenty of museums and of course the ruins of Vergina which include the tomb of Phillip, father of Alexander the great. It's also a good starting point for seeing the best beaches of Chalkidiki and most beautiful spots in Greece in the Macedonia region.A Short History of Thessaloniki

Thessaloniki is the capital of Macedonia and second largest city of Greece. It was first established in 316 B.C. by Kassandros and named after his wife, Thessaloniki, sister of Alexander the Great. It means Victory in Thessaly. It is here that the Apostle Paul first brought the message of Christianity (50 A.D.) and that Demetrius, a Roman officer died in martyrdom (303 A.D.), thus becoming the holy patron of the city.

Thessaloniki was the second most important city of the Byzantine Empire, next to Constantinople, and is full of beautiful examples of Byzantine art and architecture. In the 15th Century Thessaloniki became a haven for Jews exiled from Spain, who became an important part of the culture, untilmuseum of Thessaloniki, are some of the finest examples of the detailed, soshisticated ancient Greek art and jewellery.

In the beautiful town ofVerginayou will be able to find some nice cafs, restaurants and traditional taverns. Some interesting souvenir shops are also available.

Immensely likable Thessaloniki (thess-ah-lo-nee-kih) has never been more fun, cultured or affordable than it is right now.It is a safe and walkable small city.

Travellers always seem to return to Thessaloniki, and it's indeed outfitted with enduring symbols of a glorious history.

Most recently, during digs for the long-awaited Metro, extensive portions of the 6th-century central street andtetraphylon(monumental gate) were discovered, sparking fervent debates over how to reconcile modern development with buried historical riches.

1,000 acres, with endless golden beaches enchantingly framed by the crystal clear waters of the Aegean and the magnificent pine forests of the Kassandra peninsula.It offers a wide range of leisure facilities and accommodation from a yacht marina to deluxe rooms with private pools and gardens with direct access to the beach.

If you seek a more relaxing experience, the less developed Sithonia the second peninsula is just the place for you. While more quiet and sophisticated in many aspects it is also considered ideal for family tourism.

Archaeological Museum of Vergina (Royal Tombs)

Located in Vergina, the museum is 75km away from Thessaloniki.

Some of the most impressive and important exhibits from theMacedoniandominated period of the Greek history are available in the exact location that the original excavations took place. Inside the museum there are four separate tombs and the Heroon, a small temple built forPhillip II of Macedon. Hundreds of items are displayed including beautiful gold creations, elaborate jewelry, colorful wall paintings, mosaics, hundreds of ancient items including a richly carved burial bed and others, used by the imperial family.

Some of the most spectacular exhibits of the museum are the shield and armor of King Phillip the second and the famous Golden Larnax found in the sarcophagus of the King.

An incredibly detailed golden wreath of 313 oak leaves and 68 acorns was found inside theLarnax. The extremely small size of the carefully carved ivory figures still impresses today.

All these impressive findings along with several others like the famous "Derveni Krater" displayed in theArchaeologicalthey were sent to the concentration camps during the Nazi occupation, thus ending a period of four hundred years of Jewish influence both socially and economically. This period roughly corresponds with the occupation of Greece by the Ottoman Turks.

Thessaloniki became a part of the modern state of Greece in 1913, but burned in 1917 creating a homeless population of 70,000. Add to this mix the influx of refugees from Asia minor after the 'population exchange treaty' signed in Lausanne in 1923 between Turkey, Greece and her former allies who abandoned Greece after their defeat in Asia Minor, and you have the makings of a social revolution which took the form ofRembetika music. To this day some of Greece's the most creative musicians including Dionysious Savopoulos, Stellios Kazantzidesand Nikos Papazoglou, come from Thessaloniki.

Thessaloniki Today

Today Thessaloniki is a lively modern city bustling with life and movement. Large avenues, parks and squares, lines of trees that frame commercial streets with showy shop windows. Old houses, neoclassical buildings, stand side by side with modern dwellings which makes a walk through any section of the city an interesting journey. The past and present merge at old taverns, "ouzeries", restaurants next to hotels and luxury bars, "bouzouki halls", cinema halls, theaters and sidewalk cafes on street pavements and squares. Small family run taverns and basement pastry shops offer a delicious variety of famous Macedonian specialties, next to stalls of ice-cream sellers for busy pedestrians.

The main squares are Platia Elefterias and Platia Aristotelous, both on the waterfront and alive with cafes and restaurants, children playing or people just strolling. This is the place to be in the summer at sunset. Afterwards walk a few blocks to the Ladadika neighborhood, the old Red Light district (and before that the Egyptian market and later the oil market from where it got its name), full of ouzeries, bars, cafes and bistro-style restaurants and tavernas. The old port area is being rennovated with warehouses being turned into large restaurants and clubs and even art galleries. If you follow the port road of Leoforos Nikis heading east along the bay you will come to the Lefkos Pyrgos, or White Tower that is the symbol of the city and is close to the University area with its clubs and bars. Nearby is the International Trade fairground as well as the excellent archaeology museum which, according to Frommer's, is one of the best in the world. The White Tower itself is also a museum of art and history. It was built in the 15th Century and was at one time a prison for insubordinate Janisaries, the soldiers of the sultan who had been taken from their Christian parents as children and molded into his elite storm troopers. The neighborhood of Kalamaria is a modern area on the eastern edge of the city, overlooking a large marina and the Thermaikos Gulf. There is a green park above the sea and a number of ouzeries, restaurants, bars and cafes and is a hangout for the young as well as families.Above the lively city is the world of Kastra, an area of old neighborhoods with narrow streets and lovely small gardens. This is the old Turkish quarter of the city and is the remains of 19th century Thessaloniki and the walls that surrounded the city are still standing.

Thessaloniki is in the process of building a metro system which should get more cars off the street and more people using public transport. The train station is also undergoing intensive remodeling.

meters high and almost 5 meters thick. They were decorated with various symbols like suns, crosses or carved marble inscriptions near the gates.

A number of fortresses and defensive towers were added during different periods of history like the Seven Towers Fortress(Heptapirgion)and the Tower Of Trigoniou located near the Acropolis. Several square, circle or polygon shaped towers were also built along the entire perimeter.

The Walls were still surrounding the city until the late 19th century when large parts including the entire seaward section were demolished as the Ottoman authorities were trying to change some of the citys urban features.

ChalkidikiChalkidiki is definitely one of the favorite destinations of everybody living inThessaloniki.

Visitors from all over Greece and the Balkan countries spend their summer vacat