Theories mathisis

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  • 1. 2 : : 02 70 70 70
  • 2. 2 . , . . , , . , (,1996). . , , , , , , ,. .
  • 3. 3 , . , , . , . . , , , , . : , (Gagne ,1984).
  • 4. 4 1. ( :http://academics.rmu.edu/%7Etomei/ed711psy/1lngtheo.htm) , , . . . ,
  • 5. 5 , , . , , , (,1984) . : , , , . . : . , , . , ( ) , , , ( ) (,1998) 2 , ,64. 46 .,1868 . (: , .,(1996), , 19 -20 . . : )
  • 6. 6 , : 1. : Rousseau . , . :Piaget, Thorndike, Malsow, Bruner . 2. : :. . , . 3. : , . , , ,
  • 7. 7 . 4. : . , . : * . * . * * , . 5. : , , , , , , . , . : , , , , , , , , , ,
  • 8. 8 , , , , , . , . 6. . : * , . * , , . * , . * , , , ...
  • 9. 9 * , , (,1998) (,1996)
  • 10. 10 . Ko - . Pavlov J.B.Watson E.L.Thorndike B.F.Skinner ( ) . Crowder ( ) R. Gagne ( ) J. Piaget S. Papert ( LOGO) R. Gagne, A. Newell H. Simon ( ) oyle ( ) J. Bruner ( ) L. Vygotsky ( ) Vygotsky, Leontiev, Luria, ardi ( ) 1.
  • 11. 11 , , "" "" . , , " , , ' , () , " . . Pavlov 3.Ivan Pavlov () ().
  • 12. 12 , , "" , , , . ("") , " ". 4. ' . , , . : 1. 2. ( )
  • 13. 13 3. , , . 4. , "" , John B. Watson " . 5.John B. Watson , "" , . "" - "" . 6. : Pavlov
  • 14. 14 Thorndike 7.Edward Lee Thorndike Pavlov Thorndike " ": 8. . Pavlov () , .
  • 15. 15 Thorndike : (law of effect): () (Law of exercise): , . (Law of readiness): . (Law of assimilation): , , , .
  • 16. 16 Skinner 9.B.F.Skinner , B. F. Skinner. "" Thorndike, , . , , , . , , , , , (), , . , Skinner " ". , :
  • 17. 17 . 10: . , Skinner Thorndike , . , , . Skinner , .
  • 18. 18 , , 2. Skinner , ,
  • 19. 19 . "" : 1. , , , , . 2. "" . 3. . 4. . Skinner , : , , , . (..Crowder) H .
  • 20. 20 . . Skinner . . Crowder . . 70 (multiple choice). (Instructional Design). (R. Gagne) T : * : .
  • 21. 21 * : . * : . () "" , . , , "", , , . , , , , , , "" . , :
  • 22. 22 "" , , , , . , , , , . , , , (.. ), , ""
  • 23. 23 , , . , . . . . , (, , ), , . , . , .
  • 24. 24 , , . , . . , , . drill and practice . . , , . , . .. . . , -, (.. ) ,
  • 25. 25 , . , , , . , , , , . , , - . . , , , . , , . , . .
  • 26. 26 , , , . . . , . , . , , , . , . . .. . , .
  • 27. 27 . , , , . (social cognitive theory) , , , . Albert Bandura (1925 - ), , . , . , . , , . ,
  • 28. 28 , . . . , , , . , , . . , . 1960 . Bandura Stanford . Stanford , en bloc, . , , .
  • 29. 29 : . , , . , , , . : , . , . : , . , . : , , , , . (, ) , .
  • 30. 30 1960. , , S. Freud - J. Piaget. , 1960 , . , , . , . , . , , . ,
  • 31. 31 . : . , . - . , . - . , . , , . , , , , . () . , .
  • 32. 32 , John Dewey, Jean Piaget . , (portfolio). . Max Wertheimer (1880-1943), Kurt Koffka (1886-1941) Wolfgang Khler (1887-1967), . , . , , . , , . . . , . .
  • 33. 33 . , . . , , , , , , . . , , , . , . , .
  • 34. 34 . . . . , - . - . . Decroly: . , ,
  • 35. 35 , . . , , . . , ( ) .
  • 36. 36 , , , , () . , , , , , . , . , ( 2002 . 189-191, 2004 . 83). , , (, 2007, . 86). , , , 18 Vico (1725: ) Kant ( ,
  • 37. 37 1781: , , ). , , Piaget. , . Piaget , , (Piaget 1958) , , ,
  • 38. 38 (60 ) () Jean Piaget, (1967). Piaget : , . Piaget, . , , . Piaget ( ) , . () . , . (), : - - .
  • 39. 39 , " ", "" "".
  • 40. 40 , Piaget, , , , "" . , () (). . ( ) . , . , , "" - . , . Piaget , , , - - . (. , 2007, . 96). : v :: ,, vv :: ,, vv:: ,,
  • 41. 41 vv:: ,, ,, v:: ,, .. Piaget , , . , . , . ( 2002, .221-224):
  • 42. 42 , , , , Piaget . , "" Piaget . , . , , , . , Piaget, "
  • 43. 43 (, ) ' " ( 2002, . 229) : Piaget . , . , , . , : ( ) , 3 .
  • 44. 44 : (0-2 ) (2-7) . (7-11)
  • 45. 45 , (11 ++) , Piaget Piaget . , . "" , . , . ,
  • 46. 46 . . , . Piaget , . , "" , , . Piaget , . Piaget , , Hans Aebli, . , .
  • 47. 47 Piaget: " , ". :: ,, ...... && && (( )) (( && ))
  • 48. 48 J. Piaget LOGO (S. Papert) Piaget LOGO. LOGO 60, , (...), Seymour Papert. (). : LOGO , . LOGO , .. J. Piaget (constructionist) (S. Papert) " ." , , . : , .
  • 49. 49 , , , , . , - , , . , , ( ) . , , , , , . : (situated cognition) , ,
  • 50. 50 (discourse) , ' , ( ) . (, 2007, . 109, 2004, . 94-96). Vygotsky . (L. Vygotsky) " " Lev Vygotsky , 1934, 38 , , , .
  • 51. 51 . , " ". ( 2006, . 37-38). Vygotsky . , . Vygotsky , . , , , , , " ... [] ". Piaget - , , , . , , , ""
  • 52. 52 , . Vygotsky " " "" . , , , . , , . , , , . , . , , , , . :
  • 53. 53 Piaget, Vygotsky "" , . : 1. , ()
  • 54. 54 2. . . 3. "" , ,
  • 55. 55 . 4. . , , . , Piaget: (Piaget)
  • 56. 56 ( , ""), (Vygotsky) , , . Vygotsky . Vygotsky - (Zone of Proximal Development - ZPD), . , - - . , , . , , , , . : www.coe.uga.edu/epltt/zpd.swf
  • 57. 57 Vygotsky (scaffolding) (, 2007, . 116) " " ( 2004, . 97) "". "" . " " . (Piaget), (, 2007, . 109-116). , . 1930 , " ", . , . , "" 1960, 1962
  • 58. 58 " (thought and language)" (1934). 1978, , , , "Mind in Society. The Development of Higher Psychological Processes". , , . (, 2006 . 38) Vygotsky, , Piaget , , . "" , , , - , : 1. Piaget ( ) , "", , 2. Vygotsky ( ) , ,
  • 59. 59 " " (, 2007, . 116). , , , , , , , / , . , , . . , . . , , , .
  • 60. 60 , , . , , , , , , , !
  • 61. 61 1. , , 2008 2. , " ", . , 2004 3. , , 1996, : . 4. , " : ", . Gutenberg, 2002 5. , " ", . , 2002 6. . - . , " . ", 2007 7. , " . ", . , 2006 8. , , : , 1998 9. , " ", . , 1985 10. , , 1984 11. , ", . , 1977 12. http://web.media.mit.edu/ 13. http://learning.media.mit.edu/content/publications/EA. Piaget%20_%20Papert.pdf 14. http://www.papert.org/ 15. http://online.sfsu.edu/~foreman/itec800/finalprojects/ annmariethurmond/home.html 16. http://www.infed.org
  • 62. 62 17. http://www.psychology.org 18. http://www.wikipedia.org 19. http://www.exploratorium.edu/ifi/resources/museumed ucation/situated.html 20. http://plato.stanford.edu 21. http://www.marxists.org/ 22. http://mingo.info- science.uiowa.edu/~stevens/critped/index.htm 23. http://isss.org/world/index.php 24. http://www.cudenver.edu/Pages/home.aspx 25. http://www.simplypsychology.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/ 26. http://www.newfoundations.com 1. . . . (2008): http://www.netschoolbook.gr/epimorfosi/theories.html 2. . : http://www.ictscenarios.gr/Theories_Mathisis/index.htm 1. . : http://academics.rmu.edu/%7Etomei/ed711psy/1lngtheo.htm 2. . : http://images.google.com : http://comet.cls.yale.edu/picturedictionary/pub/word.asp?p=2&l=0&v=&id=1897&g ID=38&at=8
  • 63. 63 3.Ivan Pavlov. 4. . : http://www.ictscenarios.gr/Theories_Mathisis/index.htm 5.John B. Watson. : http://images.google.com : http://images.google.com/images?gbv=2&hl=el&q=+site:www.usu.edu+John+B.+W atson 6. Pavlov. : http://www.ictscenarios.gr/Theories_Mathisis/index.htm 7.Edward Lee Thorndike : http://images.google.com : http://faculty.frostburg.edu/mbradley/psyography/thorndike.htm 8. . : http://www.ictscenarios.gr/Theories_Mathisis/index.htm 9.B. F. Skinner : http://images.google.com : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B.F._Skinner 10. . : http://www.ictscenarios.gr/Theories_Mathisis/index.htm