Terra Cypria - Natural Assets Cyprus

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Opportunity costs of mismanaged natural assets for tourism and conservation; a report by Terra Cypria. http://www.conservation.org.cy/

Transcript of Terra Cypria - Natural Assets Cyprus

  • 1. COLLATERAL IMPACTS OF TRAPPING ON TOURISM ANDPROPOSALS TO OVERCOME THEMJuly 2011Report by Costas Orountiotis, Environmental Engineer Panayiota Koutsofta, Environmental Studies Artemis Yiordamli, Geographer-Lawyer

2. Bird migration mapSource: ., , 1997 3. Well over 300 bird species use Cyprus as a rest-stop on theirmigratory route.Source: Bird Holidays: Cranes on landNets and limesticks are illegal, non-selective bird trapping methods.Source: Cyprus killing Europes songbirds for a snack 4. In 2010 BirdLife Cyprus estimated that 1.700.000 birds were illegallytrapped and killed, many of which were not ambelopoulia (black caps).They included many endangered and protected species. And theywere not even edible.FoE found over 100 species in this by-catch.Otus scops cyprius ()S. Christodoulidis (. ) 5. Such actions impact worldwide biodiversity andbreak EU and International law! but that is not what we wish to talk about now...source: Thomas Hadjikyriakou 6. We shall talk abouteveryones mostpressing obsession $ 7. If some people wish to eatambelopoulia, does it affectyour wallet and mine? 8. If you live in Cyprus and your livelihooddepends on tourism, and especially if you are: a hotel owner restaurant owner a hotel / restaurant employee a shop keeper a builder of holiday homes a tourist agent / travel agent a tourist guide a taxi driver... then bird trapping affects YOU! 9. Citizens from the European countries which provide ourtourists have a different attitude to birdswww.brilliantstudent.com Otherswww.noitikiantistasis.com Cypriotwww.dailymail.co.uk 10. Cyprus is among that privileged group of countriesvisited by migratory birdsWe have a choice: Scenario A: We exploit the millions of migrant visitors by killing them and eating them as a delicacy! or Scenario B: We utilise the opportunity provided by the millions of migrant visitors to attract tourists and promote a positive image of Cyprus. 11. Scenario A will lead to Intensification of activist protests Embarrassment in international media Immediate electronic coverage of all negativeincidents Tourist boycott of Cyprus by bird groups andsensitised individuals Reactions in foreign parliaments 12. Bird slaughter makessensational news.As long as it goes on, therewill be economicrepercussions for Cyprus. 13. Terra Cypria has tried to measurethese economic repercussions: are they worth considering?are they serious? 14. Who profits from illegal bird trapping?BirdLifes 2010 provisional estimate: 1 700 000 birds killedThere are no statistics for the numbers of different speciesthat are trappedso lets estimate that only 1 000 000 of these birds areedibleSince ambellopoulia cost 60 per dozen, or 5 per bird: 5.000.000 goes to trappers and restauranteurs 15. Meanwhile, what has Cyprus lost?Those tourists who decided not to visitCyprus, because of our behaviourtowards migratory birds.Can we count how many made such adecision? 16. We used the number of peoplewho sent negative electroniccomments to CypriotGovernment Ministers in autumn2010Committee Against Bird Slaughter Campaign:5200 responses by December 2010 17. Cost calculations based on data from the Cyprus Tourism Organisation(CTO)5200 complainants x 75% = 3900 from tourist originating countriesAssume 50% traveling with partners = 1950 partners5850 people who will not come to CyprusSay 5900 people x 70/day (average per CTO) x 10 days (average per CTO) =4 095 000lost income from people who complained 18. According to CTO, for every person that makes awritten complaint there are 25 others who feel thesame way.They do not bother to complainformally, but stay away in protest. 4.095.000 x 10 = 40.950.000Whereas if we use CTOs multiplier of 25 silent protesters,then the annual unrealized income is 4.095.000 x 25 = 102.375.000! 19. So for 5.000.000 of domestically generated income we may lose between 40-100 m. as unrealized income from overseas. 20. Conclusion 1:As long as there is a demand for ambelopoulia, illegal supply will continueConclusion 2:As long as there is tolerance towards illegal bird trapping, activistsdemonstrations will continue and intensify, harming our islands image.Conclusion 3:Consequences are not only legal and environmental, they also directlyaffect our pocketsConclusion 4:Other than lost revenue because of our behaviour towards birds, we alsolose unrealised income because we cannot promote Cyprus as a bird-watching centreConclusion 5:We must change our attitudes! Move from thecurrent Scenario A to Scenario B 21. Deeply rooted cultural attitudes will not changesimply because of criminalization and punishment.They change when political leaders and culturalicons lead by example towards a new direction.:www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://2.bp.blogspot.com/__Dq5_ABpFrs/TMTHd4HExmI/AAAAAAAAN0o/19wxA-ghFic/s1600/Bornean%2BBird%2BFestival_Sepilok 22. In Cyprus our most vocal politicians express outrageabout citizens rightsA typical news title: - Police invade restaurant and terrorizecustomersIt could easily have appeared as:- Following numerous warnings, police raideda restaurant and cautioned 40 customers eatingillegally trapped ambelopoulia.As things are, the police have become the badguys simply by trying to implement the law toprotect birds. Poachers, and the gluttons whoeat the birds, have become the victims. 23. Scenario B: Utilizing the opportunities offered by the migratorybirds Birdwatching was reported as the second fastest developinghobby in Europe, and the first in the USA. In the USA 61 million people, about 21% of the residentsthere, are engaged in birdwatching (U.S. Fish and WildlifeService) and the most recommended European destinationbirding is the island of Lesvos (internal research) Since birdwatching trips are organized during the Spring &Autumn migratory periods, which are not peak tourist seasons,this would increase tourist income. 24. We suggest:(a) Public statements and messages from the President ofthe Republic, his Ministers and the Hunters Federationcondemning the illegal trapping and consuming ofambelopoulia.(b) CTO consultations with its tourist partners in the privatesector (hoteliers, travel agents). They should do notremain indifferent to the consequences of the birdslaughter.(c) Create a non-governmental platform to develop andimplement best practices that will sensitize mass media,citizens and private business on migratory birds issues,culminating in establishing a Cyprus Bird Fair to celebrateand publicise migratory birds. 25. Were talking serious moneyThe theoretical annual revenue from birdwatcher visits at KucennetiNational Park (Ramsar area) in Turkey, was calculated at 76,770,000(Gurluk,S.,Rehber,E. 2008) Lake Manias, Turkey : www.flickr.comAkrotiri Lake, CyprusSource: http://el.wikipedia.org/wik 26. Cyprus is privileged with three main poles ofattraction for migratory birds:Akrotiri (Ramsar site), Larnaca Salt Lake(Ramsar site), Cavo Greco coast line Why are we not utilizing this priviledge?Akrotiri WetlandLarnaca Salt Lake Cavo Greco FamagustaPhoto: Thomas Hadjikyriakou Photo: Lefteris Kalavasos Photo: Alexandros Daskalakis () 27. Ordinary Cypriots should realise what they arelosing financially. They must react against birdtrapping.According to the law of supply and demand,once demand has been minimized, trappingwill no longer offer big financial rewards.Government officials, political parties, theCyprus Tourism Organisation, the touristindustry, the Hunting Federation and the massmedia have a most important role to play. 28. www.tex.unipi.grThank you for listening!!!