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### Transcript of Tabelas Termidinâmicas - SI - Van Wylen

APPENDIX

SI Units: Single-State Properties

A1 ft2 = 144 in.2 1 in.2 = 6.4516 cm2 = 6.4516 104 m2 1 ft2 = 0.092 903 m2 1 Btu/h-ft-R = 1.730 735 W/m-K 1 lbm/ft3 = 16.018 46 kg/m3

TABLE A.1

Conversion Factors Area (A) 1 mm2 = 1.0 106 m2 1 cm2 = 1.0 104 m2 = 0.1550 in.2 1 m2 = 10.7639 ft2 Conductivity (k) 1 W/m-K = 1 J/s-m-K = 0.577 789 Btu/h-ft- R Density () 1 kg/m3 = 0.06242797 lbm/ft3 1 g/cm3 = 1000 kg/m3 1 g/cm3 = 1 kg/L Energy (E, U) 1J = 1 N-m = 1 kg-m2 /s2 1J = 0.737 562 lbf-ft 1 cal (Int.) = 4.18681 J 1 erg 1 eV = 1.0 107 J = 1.602 177 33 1019 J

l lbf-ft = 1.355 818 J = 1.28507 103 Btu 1 Btu (Int.) = 1.055 056 kJ = 778.1693 lbf-ft

Force (F) 1 N = 0.224809 lbf 1 kp = 9.80665 N (1 kgf) Gravitation g = 9.80665 m/s2 Heat capacity (C p , C v , C), specic entropy (s) 1 kJ/kg-K = 0.238 846 Btu/lbm- R Heat ux (per unit area) 1 W/m2 = 0.316 998 Btu/h-ft2

1 lbf = 4.448 222 N

g = 32.17405 ft/s2 1 Btu/lbm- R = 4.1868 kJ/kg-K 1 Btu/h-ft2 = 3.15459 W/m2

755

756

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

TABLE A.1 (continued ) Conversion Factors

Heat-transfer coefcient (h) 1 W/m2 -K = 0.176 11 Btu/h-ft2 - R Length (L) 1 mm = 0.001 m = 0.1 cm 1 cm = 0.01 m = 10 mm = 0.3970 in. 1 m = 3.28084 ft = 39.370 in. 1 km = 0.621 371 mi 1 mi = 1609.3 m (US statute) Mass (m) 1 kg = 2.204 623 lbm 1 tonne = 1000 kg 1 grain = 6.47989 105 kg Moment (torque, T) 1 N-m = 0.737 562 lbf-ft Momentum (mV ) 1 kg-m/s = 7.232 94 lbm-ft/s = 0.224809 lbf-s Power ( Q, W) 1W = 1 J/s = 1 N-m/s = 0.737 562 lbf-ft/s IkW = 3412.14 Btu/h 1 hp (metric) = 0.735 499 kW

1 Btu/h-ft2 - R = 5.67826 W/m2 -K 1 ft = 12 in. 1 in. = 2.54 cm = 0.0254 m 1 ft = 0.3048 m 1 mi = 1.609344 km 1 yd = 0.9144 m 1 lbm = 0.453 592 kg 1 slug = 14.5939 kg 1 ton = 2000 lbm 1 lbf-ft = 1.355 818 N-m 1 lbm-ft/s = 0.138 256 kg-m/s

1 lbf-ft/s 1 Btu/s 1 hp (UK)

=1.355 818 W = 4.626 24 Btu/h = 1.055 056 kW = 0.7457 kW = 550 lbf-ft/s = 2544.43 Btu/h

1 ton of refrigeration = 3.516 85 kW Pressure (P) 1 Pa 1 bar 1 arm = 1 N/m2 = 1 kg/m-s2 = 1.0 105 Pa = 100 kPa = 101.325 kPa = 1.01325 bar = 760 mm Hg [0 C] = 10.332 56 m H2 O [4 C] 1 torr = 1 mm Hg [0 C] 1 mm Hg [0 C] = 0.133 322 kPa 1 m H2 O [4 C] = 9.806 38 kPa

1 ton of refrigeration = 12 000 Btu/h 1 lbf/in.2 1 atm = 6.894 757 kPa = 14.695 94 lbf/in.2 = 29.921 in. Hg [32 F] = 33.899 5 ft H2 O [4 C]

1 in. Hg [0 C] = 0.49115 lbf/in.2 1 in. H2 O [4 C] = 0.036126 lbf/in.2 1 Btu/lbm = 2.326 kJ/kg 1 lbf-ft/lbm = 2.98907 103 kJ/kg = 1.28507 103 Btu/lbm

Specic energy (e, u) 1 kJ/kg = 0.42992 Btu/lbm = 334.55 lbf-ft/lbm

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

757

TABLE A.1 (continued ) Conversion Factors

Specic kinetic energy ( 1 V2 ) 2 1 m2 /s2 = 0.001 kJ/kg 2 2 1 kJ/kg = 1000 m /s Specic potential energy (Zg) 1 m-gstd = 9.80665 103 kJ/kg = 4.21607 103 Btu/lbm

1 ft2 /s2 = 3.9941 105 Btu/lbm 1 Btu/lbm = 25037 ft2 /s2 l ft-gstd = 1.0 lbf-ft/lbm = 0.001285 Btu/lbm = 0.002989 kJ/kg

Specic volume (v) 1 cm3 /g = 0.001 m3 /kg 1 cm3 /g = 1 L/kg 1 m3 /kg = 16.01846 ft3 /lbm Temperature (T) 1 K = 1 C = 1.8 R = 1.8 F TC = TK 273.15 = (TF 32)/1.8 TK = TR/1.8 Universal Gas Constant R = N0 k = 8.31451 kJ/kmol-K = 1.98589 kcal/kmol-K = 82.0578 atm-L/kmol-K

1 ft3 /lbm = 0.062 428 m3 /kg 1 R = (5/9) K TF = TR 459.67 = 1.8 TC + 32 TR = 1.8 TK R = 1.98589 Btu/lbmol-R = 1545.36 lbf-ft/lbmol-R = 0.73024 atm-ft3 /lbmol-R = 10.7317 (lbf/in.2 )-ft3 /lbmol-R 1 ft/s = 0.681818 mi/h = 0.3048 m/s = 1.09728 km/h 1 mi/h = 1.46667 ft/s = 0.44704 m/s = 1.609344 km/h 1 ft3 = 2.831 685 102 m3 1 in.3 = 1.6387 105 m3 1 Gal (UK) = 4.546 090 L 1 Gal (US) = 231.00 in.3

Velcoity (V) 1 m/s = 3.6 km/h = 3.28084 ft/s = 2.23694 mi/h 1 km/h = 0.27778 m/s = 0.91134 ft/s = 0.62137 mi/h Volume (V ) 1 m3 = 35.3147 ft3 1L = 1 dm3 = 0.001 m3 1 Gal (US) = 3.785 412 L = 3.785 412 103 m3

758

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

TABLE A.2

Critical Constants Substance Ammonia Argon Bromine Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Chlorine Fluorine Helium Hydrogen (normal) Krypton Neon Nitric oxide Nitrogen Nitrogen dioxide Nitrous oxide Oxygen Sulfur dioxide Water Xenon Acetylene Benzene n-Butane Chlorodiuoroethane (142b) Chlorodiuoromethane (22) Dichlorouoroethane (141) Dichlorotriuoroethane (123) Diuoroethane (152a) Diuoromethane (32) Ethane Ethyl alcohol Ethylene n-Heptane n-Hexane Methane Methyl alcohol n-Octane Pentauoroethane (125) n-Pentane Propane Propene Refrigerant mixture Tetrauoroethane (134a) Formula NH3 Ar Br2 CO2 CO C12 F2 He H2 Kr Ne NO N2 NO2 N2 O O2 SO2 H2 O Xe C2 H2 C 6 H6 C4 H10 CH3 CClF2 CHClF2 CH3 CCl2 F CHCl2 CF3 CHF2 CH3 CF2 H2 C 2 H6 C2 H5 OH C 2 H4 C7 H16 C6 H14 CH4 CH3 OH C8 H18 CHF2 CF3 C5 H12 C 3 H8 C3 H6 R-410a CF3 CH2 F Molec. Mass 17.031 39.948 159.808 44.01 28.01 70.906 37.997 4.003 2.016 83.80 20.183 30.006 28.013 46.006 44.013 31.999 64.063 18.015 131.30 26.038 78.114 58.124 100.495 86.469 116.95 152.93 66.05 52.024 30.070 46.069 28.054 100.205 86.178 16.043 32.042 114.232 120.022 72.151 44.094 42.081 72.585 102.03 Temp. (K) 405.5 150.8 588 304.1 132.9 416.9 144.3 5.19 33.2 209.4 44.4 180 126.2 431 309.6 154.6 430.8 647.3 289.7 308.3 562.2 425.2 410.3 369.3 481.5 456.9 386.4 351.3 305.4 513.9 282.4 540.3 507.5 190.4 512.6 568.8 339.2 469.7 369.8 364.9 344.5 374.2 Press. (MPa) 11.35 4.87 10.30 7.38 3.50 7.98 5.22 0.227 1.30 5.50 2.76 6.48 3.39 10.1 7.24 5.04 7.88 22.12 5.84 6.14 4.89 3.80 4.25 4.97 4.54 3.66 4.52 5.78 4.88 6.14 5.04 2.74 3.01 4.60 8.09 2.49 3.62 3.37 4.25 4.60 4.90 4.06 Vol. (m3 /kg) 0.00426 0.00188 0.000796 0.00212 0.00333 0.00175 0.00174 0.0143 0.0323 0.00109 0.00206 0.00192 0.0032 0.00365 0.00221 0.00229 0.00191 0.00317 0.000902 0.00433 0.00332 0.00439 0.00230 0.00191 0.00215 0.00182 0.00272 0.00236 0.00493 0.00363 0.00465 0.00431 0.00429 0.00615 0.00368 0.00431 0.00176 0.00421 0.00454 0.00430 0.00218 0.00197

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

759

TABLE A.3

TABLE A.4

Properties of Selected Solids at 25 C Substance Asphalt Brick, common Carbon, diamond Carbon, graphite Coal Concrete Glass, plate Glass, wool Granite Ice (0 C) Paper Plexiglass Polystyrene Polyvinyl chloride Rubber, soft Sand, dry Salt, rock Silicon Snow, rm Wood, hard (oak) Wood, soft (pine) Wool Metals Aluminum Brass, 6040 Copper, commercial Gold Iron, cast Iron, 304 St Steel Lead Magnesium, 2% Mn Nickel, 10% Cr Silver, 99.9% Ag Sodium Tin Tungsten Zinc (kg/m3 ) 2120 1800 3250 20002500 12001500 2200 2500 20 2750 917 700 1180 920 1380 1100 1500 21002500 2330 560 720 510 100 Cp (kJ/kg-K) 0.92 0.84 0.51 0.61 1.26 0.88 0.80 0.66 0.89 2.04 1.2 1.44 2.3 0.96 1.67 0.8 0.92 0.70 2.1 1.26 1.38 1.72

Properties of Some Liquids at 25 C Substance Ammonia Benzene Butane CCl4 CO2 Ethanol Gasoline Glycerine Kerosene Methanol n-Octane Oil engine Oil light Propane R-12 R-22 R-32 R-125 R-134a R-410a Water Liquid metals Bismuth, Bi Lead, Pb Mercury, Hg NaK (56/44) Potassium, K Sodium, Na Tin, Sn Zinc, Zn Or

(kg/m3 ) 604 879 556 1584 680 783 750 1260 815 787 692 885 910 510 1310 1190 961 1191 1206 1059 997 10040 10660 13580 887 828 929 6950 6570

Cp (kJ/kg-K) 4.84 1.72 2.47 0.83 2.9 2.46 2.08 2.42 2.0 2.55 2.23 1.9 1.8 2.54 0.97 1.26 1.94 1.41 1.43 1.69 4.18 0.14 0.16 0.14 1.13 0.81 1.38 0.24 0.50

2700 8400 8300 19300 7272 7820 11340 1778 8666 10524 971 7304 19300 7144

0.90 0.38 0.42 0.13 0.42 0.46 0.13 1.00 0.44 0.24 1.21 0.22 0.13 0.39

T melt if higher.

760TABLE A.5

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

Properties of Various Ideal Gases at 25 C, 100 kPa (SI Units) Gas Steam Acetylene Air Ammonia Argon Butane Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Ethane Ethanol Ethylene Helium Hydrogen Methane Methanol Neon Nitric oxide Nitrogen Nitrous oxide n-Octane Oxygen Propane R-12 R-22 R-32 R-125 R-134a Sulfur dioxide Sulfur trioxide Or

Chemical Formula H2 O C2 H2 NH3 Ar C4 H10 CO2 CO C2 H6 C2 H5 OH C2 H4 He H2 CH4 CH3 OH Ne NO N2 N2 O C8 H18 O2 C3 H8 CCl2 F2 CHClF2 CF2 H2 CHF2 CF3 CF3 CH2 F SO2 SO3

Molecular Mass (kg/kmol) 18.015 26.038 28.97 17.031 39.948 58.124 44.01 28.01 30.07 46.069 28.054 4.003 2.016 16.043 32.042 20.183 30.006 28.013 44.013 114.23 31.999 44.094 120.914 86.469 52.024 120.022 102.03 64.059 80.053

R (kJ/kg-K) 0.4615 0.3193 0.287 0.4882 0.2081 0.1430 0.1889 0.2968 0.2765 0.1805 0.2964 2.0771 4.1243 0.5183 0.2595 0.4120 0.2771 0.2968 0.1889 0.07279 0.2598 0.1886 0.06876 0.09616 0.1598 0.06927 0.08149 0.1298 0.10386

(kg/m3 ) 0.0231 1.05 1.169 0.694 1.613 2.407 1.775 1.13 1.222 1.883 1.138 0.1615 0.0813 0.648 1.31 0.814 1.21 1.13 1.775 0.092 1.292 1.808 4.98 3.54 2.125 4.918 4.20 2.618 3.272

C p0 (kJ/kg-K) 1.872 1.699 1.004 2.130 0.520 1.716 0.842 1.041 1.766 1.427 1.548 5.193 14.209 2.254 1.405 1.03 0.993 1.042 0.879 1.711 0.922 1.679 0.616 0.658 0.822 0.791 0.852 0.624 0.635

C v0 (kJ/kg-K) 1.410 1.380 0.717 1.642 0.312 1.573 0.653 0.744 1.490 1.246 1.252 3.116 10.085 1.736 1.146 0.618 0.716 0.745 0.690 1.638 0.662 1.490 0.547 0.562 0.662 0.722 0.771 0.494 0.531

k=

Cp Cv

1.327 1.231 1.400 1.297 1.667 1.091 1.289 1.399 1.186 1.145 1.237 1.667 1.409 1.299 1.227 1.667 1.387 1.400 1.274 1.044 1.393 1.126 1.126 1.171 1.242 1.097 1.106 1.263 1.196

saturation pressure if it is less than 100 kPa.

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

761

TABLE A.6

Constant-Pressure Specic Heats of Various Ideal Gases C 0 = C 0 + C 1 + C 2 2 + C 3 3 Gas Steam Acetylene Air Ammonia Argon Butane Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Ethane Ethanol Ethylene Helium Hydrogen Methane Methanol Neon Nitric oxide Nitrogen Nitrous oxide n-Octane Oxygen Propane R-12 R-22 R-32 R-125 R-134a Sulfur dioxide Sulfur trioxide Approximate Formula

(kJ/kg K) C1 0.107 2.91 0.365 1.4 0 5.70 1.67 0.46 5.92 4.65 5.58 0 4.6 3.25 2.21 0 0.031 0.48 1.65 6.75 0.0001 6.95 1.47 1.87 2.27 1.68 2.81 1.05 1.7

= T(Kelvin)/1000 C2 0.586 1.92 0.85 1.0 0 1.906 1.27 1.0 2.31 1.82 3.0 0 6.85 0.75 0.81 0 0.325 0.96 1.31 3.67 0.54 3.6 1.25 1.35 0.93 0.284 2.23 0.77 1.5 C3 0.20 0.54 0.39 0.7 0 0.049 0.39 0.454 0.29 0.03 0.63 0 3.79 0.71 0.89 0 0.14 0.42 0.42 0.775 0.33 0.73 0.36 0.35 0.041 0 1.11 0.21 0.46

Formula H2 O C 2 H2 NH3 Ar C4 H10 CO2 CO C 2 H6 C2 H5 OH C 2 H4 He H2 CH4 CH3 OH Ne NO N2 N2 O C8 H18 O2 C 3 H8 CCl2 F2 CHClF2 CF2 H2 CHF2 CF3 CF3 CH2 F SO2 SO3

C0 1.79 1.03 1.05 1.60 0.52 0.163 0.45 1.10 0.18 0.2 0.136 5.193 13.46 1.2 0.66 1.03 0.98 1.11 0.49 0.053 0.88 0.096 0.26 0.2 0.227 0.305 0.165 0.37 0.24

forms valid from 250 K to 1200 K. limited to maximum 500 K.

762

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

TABLE A7.1

Ideal-Gas Properties of Air, Standard Entropy at 0.1-MPa (1-Bar) Pressure T (K) 200 220 240 260 280 290 298.15 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 500 520 540 560 580 600 620 640 660 680 700 720 740 760 780 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 u (kJ/kg) 142.77 157.07 171.38 185.70 200.02 207.19 213.04 214.36 228.73 243.11 257.53 271.99 286.49 301.04 315.64 330.31 345.04 359.84 374.73 389.69 404.74 419.87 435.10 450.42 465.83 481.34 496.94 512.64 528.44 544.33 560.32 576.40 592.58 633.42 674.82 716.76 759.19 802.10 845.45 h (kJ/kg) 200.17 220.22 240.27 260.32 280.39 290.43 298.62 300.47 320.58 340.70 360.86 381.06 401.30 421.59 441.93 462.34 482.81 503.36 523.98 544.69 565.47 586.35 607.32 628.38 649.53 670.78 692.12 713.56 735.10 756.73 778.46 800.28 822.20 877.40 933.15 989.44 1046.22 1103.48 1161.18 s0 T (kJ/kg-K) 6.46260 6.55812 6.64535 6.72562 6.79998 6.83521 6.86305 6.86926 6.93413 6.99515 7.05276 7.10735 7.15926 7.20875 7.25607 7.30142 7.34499 7.38692 7.42736 7.46642 7.50422 7.54084 7.57638 7.61090 7.64448 7.67717 7.70903 7.74010 7.77044 7.80008 7.82905 7.85740 7.88514 7.95207 8.01581 8.07667 8.13493 8.19081 8.24449 T (K) 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 1550 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050 2100 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 2900 2950 3000 u (kJ/kg) 845.45 889.21 933.37 977.89 1022.75 1067.94 1113.43 1159.20 1205.25 1251.55 1298.08 1344.83 1391.80 1438.97 1486.33 1533.87 1581.59 1629.47 1677.52 1725.71 1774.06 1822.54 1871.16 1919.91 1968.79 2017.79 2066.91 2116.14 2165.48 2214.93 2264.48 2314.13 2363.88 2413.73 2463.66 2513.69 2563.80 2613.99 2664.27 h (kJ/kg) 1161.18 1219.30 1277.81 1336.68 1395.89 1455.43 1515.27 1575.40 1635.80 1696.45 1757.33 1818.44 1879.76 1941.28 2002.99 2064.88 2126.95 2189.19 2251.58 2314.13 2376.82 2439.66 2502.63 2565.73 2628.96 2692.31 2755.78 2819.37 2883.06 2946.86 3010.76 3074.77 3138.87 3203.06 3267.35 3331.73 3396.19 3460.73 3525.36 s0 T (kJ/kg-K) 8.24449 8.29616 8.34596 8.39402 8.44046 8.48539 8.52891 8.57111 8.61208 8.65185 8.69051 8.72811 8.76472 8.80039 8.83516 8.86908 8.90219 8.93452 8.96611 8.99699 9.02721 9.05678 9.08573 9.11409 9.14189 9.16913 9.19586 9.22208 9.24781 9.27308 9.29790 9.32228 9.34625 9.36980 9.39297 9.41576 9.43818 9.46025 9.48198

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

763

TABLE A7.2

The Isentropic Relative Pressure and Relative Volume Functions T[K] 200 220 240 260 280 290 298.15 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 500 520 540 560 580 600 620 640 660 680 700 Pr 0.2703 0.3770 0.5109 0.6757 0.8756 0.9899 1.0907 1.1146 1.3972 1.7281 2.1123 2.5548 3.0612 3.6373 4.2892 5.0233 5.8466 6.7663 7.7900 8.9257 10.182 11.568 13.092 14.766 16.598 18.600 20.784 23.160 vr 493.47 389.15 313.27 256.58 213.26 195.36 182.29 179.49 152.73 131.20 113.65 99.188 87.137 77.003 68.409 61.066 54.748 49.278 44.514 40.344 36.676 33.436 30.561 28.001 25.713 23.662 21.818 20.155 T[K] 700 720 740 760 780 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 1550 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 Pr 23.160 25.742 28.542 31.573 34.851 38.388 48.468 60.520 74.815 91.651 111.35 134.25 160.73 191.17 226.02 265.72 310.74 361.62 418.89 483.16 554.96 634.97 723.86 822.33 931.14 1051.05 1182.9 1327.5 vr 20.155 18.652 17.289 16.052 14.925 13.897 11.695 9.9169 8.4677 7.2760 6.2885 5.4641 4.7714 4.1859 3.6880 3.2626 2.8971 2.5817 2.3083 2.0703 1.8625 1.6804 1.52007 1.37858 1.25330 1.14204 1.04294 0.95445 T[K] 1900 1950 2000 2050 2100 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 2900 2950 3000 Pr 1327.5 1485.8 1658.6 1847.1 2052.1 2274.8 2516.2 2777.5 3059.9 3364.6 3693.0 4046.2 4425.8 4833.0 5269.5 5736.7 6236.2 6769.7 7338.7 7945.1 8590.7 9277.2 10007 vr 0.95445 0.87521 0.80410 0.74012 0.68242 0.63027 0.58305 0.54020 0.50124 0.46576 0.43338 0.40378 0.37669 0.35185 0.32903 0.30805 0.28872 0.27089 0.25443 0.23921 0.22511 0.21205 0.19992

The relative pressure and relative volume are temperature functions calculated with two scaling constants A1 , A2 .0 Pr = exp[sT /R A1 ];

vr = A2 T /Pr

such that for an isentropic process (s1 = s2 ) P2 Pr 2 e ST2 /R = = S 0 /R P1 Pr 1 e T10

T2 T1

C p /R

and

v2 vr 2 = v1 vr 1

T1 T2

Cv /R

where the near equalities are for the constant heat capacity approximation.

764

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

TABLE A.8

Ideal-Gas Properties of Various Substances, Entropies at 0.1-MPa (1-Bar) Pressure, Mass Basis Nitrogen, Diatomic (N2 ) R = 0.2968 kJ/kg-K M = 28.013 kg/kmol T (K) 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 u (kJ/kg) 148.39 185.50 222.63 259.80 297.09 334.57 372.35 410.52 449.16 488.34 528.09 568.45 609.41 650.98 693.13 735.85 779.11 867.14 957.00 1048.46 1141.35 1235.50 1330.72 1426.89 1523.90 1621.66 1720.07 1819.08 1918.62 2018.63 2119.08 2219.93 2321.13 2422.66 2524.50 2626.62 2729.00 h (kJ/kg) 207.75 259.70 311.67 363.68 415.81 468.13 520.75 573.76 627.24 681.26 735.86 791.05 846.85 903.26 960.25 1017.81 1075.91 1193.62 1313.16 1434.31 1556.87 1680.70 1805.60 1931.45 2058.15 2185.58 2313.68 2442.36 2571.58 2701.28 2831.41 2961.93 3092.81 3224.03 3355.54 3487.34 3619.41 s0 T (kJ/kg-K) 6.4250 6.6568 6.8463 7.0067 7.1459 7.2692 7.3800 7.4811 7.5741 7.6606 7.7415 7.8176 7.8897 7.9581 8.0232 8.0855 8.1451 8.2572 8.3612 8.4582 8.5490 8.6345 8.7151 8.7914 8.8638 8.9327 8.9984 9.0612 9.1213 9.1789 9.2343 9.2876 9.3389 9.3884 9.4363 9.4825 9.5273 Oxygen, Diatomic (O2 ) R = 0.2598 kJ/kg-K M = 31.999 kg/kmol u (kJ/kg) 129.84 162.41 195.20 228.37 262.10 296.52 331.72 367.70 404.46 441.97 480.18 519.02 558.46 598.44 638.90 679.80 721.11 804.80 889.72 975.72 1062.67 1150.48 1239.10 1328.49 1418.63 1509.50 1601.10 1693.41 1786.44 1880.17 1974.60 2069.71 2165.50 2261.94 2359.01 2546.70 2554.97 h (kJ/kg) 181.81 227.37 273.15 319.31 366.03 413.45 461.63 510.61 560.36 610.86 662.06 713.90 766.33 819.30 872.75 926.65 980.95 1090.62 1201.53 1313.51 1426.44 1540.23 1654.83 1770.21 1886.33 2003.19 2120.77 2239.07 2358.08 2477.79 2598.20 2719.30 2841.07 2963.49 3086.55 3210.22 3334.48 s0 T (kJ/kg-K) 6.0466 6.2499 6.4168 6.5590 6.6838 6.7954 6.8969 6.9903 7.0768 7.1577 7.2336 7.3051 7.3728 7.4370 7.4981 7.5564 7.6121 7.7166 7.8131 7.9027 7.9864 8.0649 8.1389 8.2088 8.2752 8.3384 8.3987 8.4564 8.5117 8.5650 8.6162 8.6656 8.7134 8.7596 8.8044 8.8478 8.8899

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

765

TABLE A.8 (continued ) Ideal-Gas Properties of Various Substances, Entropies at 0.1-MPa (1-Bar) Pressure, Mass Basis

Nitrogen, Diatomic (CO2 ) R = 0.1889 kJ/kg-K M = 44.010 kg/kmol T (K) 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 u (kJ/kg) 97.49 126.21 157.70 191.78 228.19 266.69 307.06 349.12 392.72 437.71 483.97 531.40 579.89 629.35 676.69 730.85 782.75 888.55 996.64 1106.68 1218.38 1331.50 1445.85 1561.26 1677.61 1794.78 1912.67 2031.21 2150.34 2270.00 2390.14 2510.74 2631.73 2753.10 2874.81 2996.84 3119.18 h (kJ/kg) 135.28 173.44 214.38 257.90 303.76 351.70 401.52 453.03 506.07 560.51 616.22 673.09 731.02 789.93 849.72 910.33 971.67 1096.36 1223.34 1352.28 1482.87 1614.88 1748.12 1882.43 2017.67 2153.73 2290.51 2427.95 2565.97 2704.52 2843.55 2983.04 3122.93 3263.19 3403.79 3544.71 3685.95 s0 T (kJ/kg-K) 4.5439 4.7139 4.8631 4.9972 5.1196 5.2325 5.3375 5.4356 5.5279 5.6151 5.6976 5.7761 5.8508 5.9223 5.9906 6.0561 6.1190 6.2379 6.3483 6.4515 6.5483 6.6394 6.7254 6.8068 6.8841 6.9577 7.0278 7.0949 7.1591 7.2206 7.2798 7.3368 7.3917 7.4446 7.4957 7.5452 7.5931

Water (H2 O) R = 0.4615 kJ/kg-K M = 18.015 kg/kmol u (kJ/kg) 276.38 345.98 415.87 486.37 557.79 630.40 704.36 779.79 856.75 935.31 1015.49 1097.35 1180.90 1266.19 1353.23 1442.03 1532.61 1719.05 1912.42 2112.47 2318.89 2531.28 2749.24 2972.35 3200.17 3432.28 3668.24 3908.08 4151.28 4397.56 4646.71 4898.49 5152.73 5409.24 5667.86 5928.44 6190.86 h (kJ/kg) 368.69 461.36 554.32 647.90 742.40 838.09 935.12 1033.63 1133.67 1235.30 1338.56 1443.49 1550.13 1658.49 1768.60 1880.48 1994.13 2226.73 2466.25 2712.46 2965.03 3223.57 3487.69 3756.95 4030.92 4309.18 4591.30 4877.29 5166.64 5459.08 5754.37 6052.31 6352.70 6655.36 6960.13 7266.87 7575.44 s0 T (kJ/kg-K) 9.7412 10.1547 10.4936 10.7821 11.0345 11.2600 11.4644 11.6522 11.8263 11.9890 12.1421 12.2868 12.4244 12.5558 12.6817 12.8026 12.9192 13.1408 13.3492 13.5462 13.7334 13.9117 14.0822 14.2454 14.4020 14.5524 14.6971 14.8366 14.9712 15.1012 15.2269 15.3485 15.4663 15.5805 15.6914 15.7990 15.9036

766

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

TABLE A.9

Ideal-Gas Properties of Various Substances (SI Units), Entropies at 0.1-MPa (1-Bar) Pressure, Mole Basis Nitrogen, Diatomic (N2 ) 0 h f ,298 = 0 kJ/kmol M = 28.013 kg/kmol T K 0 100 200 298 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4400 4800 5200 5600 6000 (hh298 ) kJ/kmol 8670 5768 2857 0 54 2971 5911 8894 11937 15046 18223 21463 24760 28109 31503 34936 38405 41904 45430 48979 52549 56137 63362 70640 77963 85323 92715 100134 107577 115042 122526 130027 145078 160188 175352 190572 2058480

Nitrogen, Monatomic (N) 0 h f ,298 = 472 680 kJ/kmol M = 14.007 kg/kmol (hh298 ) kJ/kmol 6197 4119 2040 0 38 2117 4196 6274 8353 10431 12510 14589 16667 18746 20825 22903 24982 27060 29139 31218 33296 35375 39534 43695 47860 52033 56218 60420 64646 68902 73194 77532 86367 95457 104843 114550 1245900

T s0 kJ/kmol K 0 159.812 179.985 191.609 191.789 200.181 206.740 212.177 216.865 221.016 224.757 228.171 231.314 234.227 236.943 239.487 241.881 244.139 246.276 248.304 250.234 252.075 255.518 258.684 261.615 264.342 266.892 269.286 271.542 273.675 275.698 277.622 281.209 284.495 287.530 290.349 292.984

T s0 kJ/kmol 0 130.593 145.001 153.300 153.429 159.409 164.047 167.837 171.041 173.816 176.265 178.455 180.436 182.244 183.908 185.448 186.883 188.224 189.484 190.672 191.796 192.863 194.845 196.655 198.322 199.868 201.311 202.667 203.948 205.164 206.325 207.437 209.542 211.519 213.397 215.195 216.926

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

767

TABLE A.9 (continued ) Ideal-Gas Properties of Various Substances (SI Units), Entropies at 0.1-MPa (1-Bar) Pressure, Mole Basis

Oxygen, Diatomic (O2 ) 0 h f ,298 = 0 kJ/kmol M = 31.999 kg/kmol T K 0 100 200 298 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4400 4800 5200 5600 6000 (h h298 ) kJ/kmol 8683 5777 2868 0 54 3027 6086 9245 12499 15836 19241 22703 26212 29761 33345 36958 40600 44267 47959 51674 55414 59176 66770 74453 82225 90080 98013 106022 114101 122245 130447 138705 155374 172240 189312 206618 2242100

Oxygen, Monatomic (O) 0 h f ,298 = 249 170 kJ/kmol M = 16.00 kg/kmol (h h298 ) kJ/kmol 6725 4518 2186 0 41 2207 4343 6462 8570 10671 12767 14860 16950 19039 21126 23212 25296 27381 29464 31547 33630 35713 39878 44045 48216 52391 56574 60767 64971 69190 73424 77675 86234 94873 103592 112391 1212640

T s0 kJ/kmol K 0 173.308 193.483 205.148 205.329 213.873 220.693 226.450 231.465 235.920 239.931 243.579 246.923 250.011 252.878 255.556 258.068 260.434 262.673 264.797 266.819 268.748 272.366 275.708 278.818 281.729 284.466 287.050 289.499 291.826 294.043 296.161 300.133 303.801 307.217 310.423 313.457

T s0 kJ/kmol K 0 135.947 152.153 161.059 161.194 167.431 172.198 176.060 179.310 182.116 184.585 186.790 188.783 190.600 192.270 193.816 195.254 196.599 197.862 199.053 200.179 201.247 203.232 205.045 206.714 208.262 209.705 211.058 212.332 213.538 214.682 215.773 217.812 219.691 221.435 223.066 224.597

768

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

TABLE A.9 (continued ) Ideal-Gas Properties of Various Substances (SI Units), Entropies at 0.1-MPa (1-Bar) Pressure, Mole Basis

Carbon Dioxide (CO2 ) 0 h f ,298 = 393 522 kJ/kmol M = 44.01 kg/kmol T K 0 100 200 298 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4400 4800 5200 5600 6000 (h h298 ) kJ/kmol 9364 6457 3413 0 69 4003 8305 12906 17754 22806 28030 33397 38885 44473 50148 55895 61705 67569 73480 79432 85420 91439 103562 115779 128074 140435 152853 165321 177836 190394 202990 215624 240992 266488 292112 317870 3437820

Carbon Monoxide (CO) 0 h f ,298 = 110 527 kJ/kmol M = 28.01 kg/kmol (h h298 ) kJ/kmol 8671 5772 2860 0 54 2977 5932 8942 12021 15174 18397 21686 25031 28427 31867 35343 38852 42388 45948 49529 53128 56743 64012 71326 78679 86070 93504 100962 108440 115938 123454 130989 146108 161285 176510 191782 2071050

T s0 kJ/kmol K 0 179.010 199.976 213.794 214.024 225.314 234.902 243.284 250.752 257.496 263.646 269.299 274.528 279.390 283.931 288.190 292.199 295.984 299.567 302.969 306.207 309.294 315.070 320.384 325.307 329.887 334.170 338.194 341.988 345.576 348.981 352.221 358.266 363.812 368.939 373.711 378.180

T s0 kJ/kmol K 0 165.852 186.024 197.651 197.831 206.240 212.833 218.321 223.067 227.277 231.074 234.538 237.726 240.679 243.431 246.006 248.426 250.707 252.866 254.913 256.860 258.716 262.182 265.361 268.302 271.044 273.607 276.012 278.279 280.422 282.454 284.387 287.989 291.290 294.337 297.167 299.809

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

769

TABLE A.9 (continued ) Ideal-Gas Properties of Various Substances (SI Units), Entropies at 0.1-MPa (1-Bar) Pressure, Mole Basis

Water (H2 O) 0 h f ,298 = 241 826 kJ/kmol M = 18.015 kg/kmol T K 0 100 200 298 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4400 4800 5200 5600 6000 (h h298 ) kJ/kmol 9904 6617 3282 0 62 3450 6922 10499 14190 18002 21937 26000 30190 34506 38941 43491 48149 52907 57757 62693 67706 72788 83153 93741 104520 115463 126548 137756 149073 160484 171981 183552 206892 230456 254216 278161 3022950

Hydroxyl (OH) 0 h f ,298 = 38 987 kJ/kmol M = 17.007 kg/kmol (h h298 ) kJ/kmol 9172 6140 2975 0 55 3034 5991 8943 11902 14881 17889 20935 24024 27159 30340 33567 36838 40151 43502 46890 50311 53763 60751 67840 75018 82268 89585 96960 104388 111864 119382 126940 142165 157522 173002 188598 2043090

T s0 kJ/kmol K 0 152.386 175.488 188.835 189.043 198.787 206.532 213.051 218.739 223.826 228.460 232.739 236.732 240.485 244.035 247.406 250.620 253.690 256.631 259.452 262.162 264.769 269.706 274.312 278.625 282.680 286.504 290.120 293.550 296.812 299.919 302.887 308.448 313.573 318.328 322.764 326.926

T s0 kJ/kmol K 0 149.591 171.592 183.709 183.894 192.466 199.066 204.448 209.008 212.984 216.526 219.735 222.680 225.408 227.955 230.347 232.604 234.741 236.772 238.707 240.556 242.328 245.659 248.743 251.614 254.301 256.825 259.205 261.456 263.592 265.625 267.563 271.191 274.531 277.629 280.518 283.227

770

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

TABLE A.9 (continued ) Ideal-Gas Properties of Various Substances (SI Units), Entropies at 0.1-MPa (1-Bar) Pressure, Mole Basis

Hydrogen (H2 ) 0 h f ,298 = 0 kJ/kmol M = 2.016 kg/kmol T K 0 100 200 298 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4400 4800 5200 5600 6000 (h h298 ) kJ/kmol 8467 5467 2774 0 53 2961 5883 8799 11730 14681 17657 20663 23704 26785 29907 33073 36281 39533 42826 46160 49532 52942 59865 66915 74082 81355 88725 96187 103736 111367 119077 126864 142658 158730 175057 191607 2083320

Hydrogen, Monatomic (H) 0 h f ,298 = 217 999 kJ/kmol M = 1.008 kg/kmol (h h298 ) kJ/kmol 6197 4119 2040 0 38 2117 4196 6274 8353 10431 12510 14589 16667 18746 20825 22903 24982 27060 29139 31218 33296 35375 39532 43689 47847 52004 56161 60318 64475 68633 72790 76947 85261 93576 101890 110205 1185190

T s0 kJ/kmol K 0 100.727 119.410 130.678 130.856 139.219 145.738 151.078 155.609 159.554 163.060 166.225 169.121 171.798 174.294 176.637 178.849 180.946 182.941 184.846 186.670 188.419 191.719 194.789 197.659 200.355 202.898 205.306 207.593 209.773 211.856 213.851 217.612 221.109 224.379 227.447 230.322

T s0 kJ/kmol K 0 92.009 106.417 114.716 114.845 120.825 125.463 129.253 132.457 135.233 137.681 139.871 141.852 143.661 145.324 146.865 148.299 149.640 150.900 152.089 153.212 154.279 156.260 158.069 159.732 161.273 162.707 164.048 165.308 166.497 167.620 168.687 170.668 172.476 174.140 175.681 177.114

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

771

TABLE A.9 (continued ) Ideal-Gas Properties of Various Substances (SI Units), Entropies at 0.1-MPa (1-Bar) Pressure, Mole Basis

Nitric Oxide (NO) 0 h f ,298 = 90 291 kJ/kmol M = 30.006 kg/kmol T K 0 100 200 298 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4400 4800 5200 5600 6000 (h h298 ) kJ/kmol 9192 6073 2951 0 55 3040 6059 9144 12308 15548 18858 22229 25653 29120 32626 36164 39729 43319 46929 50557 54201 57859 65212 72606 80034 87491 94973 102477 110000 117541 125099 132671 147857 163094 178377 193703 2090700

Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2 ) 0 h f ,298 = 33 100 kJ/kmol M = 46.005 kg/kmol (h h298 ) kJ/kmol 10186 6861 3495 0 68 3927 8099 12555 17250 22138 27180 32344 37606 42946 48351 53808 59309 64846 70414 76008 81624 87259 98578 109948 121358 132800 144267 155756 167262 178783 190316 201860 224973 248114 271276 294455 3176480

T s0 kJ/kmol K 0 177.031 198.747 210.759 210.943 219.529 226.263 231.886 236.762 241.088 244.985 248.536 251.799 254.816 257.621 260.243 262.703 265.019 267.208 269.282 271.252 273.128 276.632 279.849 282.822 285.585 288.165 290.587 292.867 295.022 297.065 299.007 302.626 305.940 308.998 311.838 314.488

T s0 kJ/kmol K 0 202.563 225.852 240.034 240.263 251.342 260.638 268.755 275.988 282.513 288.450 293.889 298.904 303.551 307.876 311.920 315.715 319.289 322.664 325.861 328.898 331.788 337.182 342.128 346.695 350.934 354.890 358.597 362.085 365.378 368.495 371.456 376.963 381.997 386.632 390.926 394.926

772

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES

TABLE A.10

Enthalpy of Formation and Absolute Entropy of Various Substances at 25 C, 100 kPa Pressure Substance Acetylene Ammonia Benzene Carbon dioxide Carbon (graphite) Carbon monoxide Ethane Ethene Ethanol Ethanol Heptane Hexane Hydrogen peroxide Methane Methanol Methanol n-Butane Nitrogen oxide Nitromethane n-Octane n-Octane Ozone Pentane Propane Propene Sulfur Sulfur dioxide Sulfur trioxide T-T-Diesel Water Water Formula C 2 H2 NH3 C 6 H6 CO2 C CO C 2 H6 C 2 H4 C2 H5 OH C2 H5 OH C7 H16 C6 H14 H2 O2 CH4 CH3 OH CH3 OH C4 H10 N2 O CH3 NO2 C8 H18 C8 H18 O3 C5 H12 C 3 H8 C 3 H6 S SO2 SO3 C14.4 H24.9 H2 O H2 O M kg/kmol 26.038 17.031 78.114 44.010 12.011 28.011 30.070 28.054 46.069 46.069 100.205 86.178 34.015 16.043 32.042 32.042 58.124 44.013 61.04 114.232 114.232 47.998 72.151 44.094 42.081 32.06 64.059 80.058 198.06 18.015 18.015 State gas gas gas gas solid gas gas gas gas liq gas gas gas gas gas liq gas gas liq gas liq gas gas gas gas solid gas gas liq gas liq 0 hf kJ/kmol +226 731 45 720 +82 980 393 522 0 110 527 84 740 +52 467 235 000 277 380 187 900 167 300 136 106 74 873 201 300 239 220 126 200 +82 050 113 100 208 600 250 105 +142 674 146 500 103 900 +20 430 0 296 842 395 765 174 000 241 826 285 830 s 0f kJ/kmol K 200.958 192.572 269.562 213.795 5.740 197.653 229.597 219.330 282.444 160.554 427.805 387.979 232.991 186.251 239.709 126.809 306.647 219.957 171.80 466.514 360.575 238.932 348.945 269.917 267.066 32.056 248.212 256.769 525.90 188.834 69.950

TABLE A.11

Logarithms to the Base e of the Equilibrium Constant K v C C + v D D, the equilibrium constant K is dened asv

For the reaction v A A + v B B K = , P 0 = 0.1 MPa 2CO2 207.529 115.234 47.052 35.736 27.679 21.656 16.987 13.266 10.232 7.715 5.594 3.781 2.217 0.853 0.346 1.408 2.355 3.204 4.985 6.397 7.542 8.488 69.868 40.449 18.709 15.082 12.491 10.547 9.035 7.825 6.836 6.012 5.316 4.720 4.205 3.755 3.359 3.008 2.694 2.413 1.824 1.358 0.980 0.671 2CO + O2 N2 + O2 2NO 2O 2H2 O 212.075 120.331 51.951 40.467 32.244 26.067 21.258 17.406 14.253 11.625 9.402 7.496 5.845 4.401 3.128 1.996 0.984 0.074 1.847 3.383 4.639 5.684 367.528 213.405 99.146 80.025 66.345 56.069 48.066 41.655 36.404 32.023 28.313 25.129 22.367 19.947 17.810 15.909 14.205 12.671 9.423 6.816 4.672 2.876 184.420 105.385 46.321 36.363 29.222 23.849 19.658 16.299 13.546 11.249 9.303 7.633 6.184 4.916 3.795 2.799 1.906 1.101 0.602 1.972 3.098 4.040 N2 2N 2H2 O 2H2 + O2 H2 + 2OHv yCC y DD v y v A y BB A

P P0

v C +v D v A v B

Temp K

H2

2H

O2

N2 + 2O2 41.355 30.725 23.039 21.752 20.826 20.126 19.577 19.136 18.773 18.470 18.214 17.994 17.805 17.640 17.496 17.369 17.257 17.157 16.953 16.797 16.678 16.588

2NO2

298 500 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4500 5000 5500 6000

164.003 92.830 39.810 30.878 24.467 19.638 15.868 12.841 10.356 8.280 6.519 5.005 3.690 2.538 1.519 0.611 0.201 0.934 2.483 3.724 4.739 5.587

186.963 105.623 45.146 35.003 27.741 22.282 18.028 14.619 11.826 9.495 7.520 5.826 4.356 3.069 1.932 0.922 0.017 0.798 2.520 3.898 5.027 5.969

Source: Consistent with thermodynamic data in JANAF Thermochemical Tables, third edition, Thermal Group, Dow Chemical U.S.A., Midland, MI, 1985.

773

APPENDIX

SI Units: Thermodynamic Tables

B

775

776TABLE B.1

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

Thermodynamic Properties of WaterTABLE B.1.1

Saturated Water Specic Volume, m3 /kg Temp. ( C) 0.01 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 Press. (kPa) 0.6113 0.8721 1.2276 1.705 2.339 3.169 4.246 5.628 7.384 9.593 12.350 15.758 19.941 25.03 31.19 38.58 47.39 57.83 70.14 84.55 101.3 120.8 143.3 169.1 198.5 232.1 270.1 313.0 361.3 415.4 475.9 543.1 617.8 700.5 791.7 892.0 1002.2 1122.7 1254.4 Sat. Liquid vf 0.001000 0.001000 0.001000 0.001001 0.001002 0.001003 0.001004 0.001006 0.001008 0.001010 0.001012 0.001015 0.001017 0.001020 0.001023 0.001026 0.001029 0.001032 0.001036 0.001040 0.001044 0.001047 0.001052 0.001056 0.001060 0.001065 0.001070 0.001075 0.001080 0.001085 0.001090 0.001096 0.001102 0.001108 0.001114 0.001121 0.001127 0.001134 0.001141 Evap. vfg 206.131 147.117 106.376 77.924 57.7887 43.3583 32.8922 25.2148 19.5219 15.2571 12.0308 9.56734 7.66969 6.19554 5.04114 4.13021 3.40612 2.82654 2.35953 1.98082 1.67185 1.41831 1.20909 1.03552 0.89080 0.76953 0.66744 0.58110 0.50777 0.44524 0.39169 0.34566 0.30596 0.27158 0.24171 0.21568 0.19292 0.17295 0.15539 Sat. Vapor vg 206.132 147.118 106.377 77.925 57.7897 43.3593 32.8932 25.2158 19.5229 15.2581 12.0318 9.56835 7.67071 6.19656 5.04217 4.13123 3.40715 2.82757 2.36056 1.98186 1.67290 1.41936 1.21014 1.03658 0.89186 0.77059 0.66850 0.58217 0.50885 0.44632 0.39278 0.34676 0.30706 0.27269 0.24283 0.21680 0.19405 0.17409 0.15654 Internal Energy, kJ/kg Sat. Liquid uf 0 20.97 41.99 62.98 83.94 104.86 125.77 146.65 167.53 188.41 209.30 230.19 251.09 272.00 292.93 313.87 334.84 355.82 376.82 397.86 418.91 440.00 461.12 482.28 503.48 524.72 546.00 567.34 588.72 610.16 631.66 653.23 674.85 696.55 718.31 740.16 762.08 784.08 806.17 Evap. ufg 2375.33 2361.27 2347.16 2333.06 2318.98 2304.90 2290.81 2276.71 2262.57 2248.40 2234.17 2219.89 2205.54 2191.12 2176.62 2162.03 2147.36 2132.58 2117.70 2102.70 2087.58 2072.34 2056.96 2041.44 2025.76 2009.91 1993.90 1977.69 1961.30 1944.69 1927.87 1910.82 1893.52 1875.97 1858.14 1840.03 1821.62 1802.90 1783.84 Sat. Vapor ug 2375.33 2382.24 2389.15 2396.04 2402.91 2409.76 2416.58 2423.36 2430.11 2436.81 2443.47 2450.08 2456.63 2463.12 2469.55 2475.91 2482.19 2488.40 2494.52 2500.56 2506.50 2512.34 2518.09 2523.72 2529.24 2534.63 2539.90 2545.03 2550.02 2554.86 2559.54 2564.04 2568.37 2572.51 2576.46 2580.19 2583.70 2586.98 2590.01

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

777

TABLE B.1.1 (continued ) Saturated Water

Enthalpy, kJ/kg Temp. ( C) 0.01 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 Press. (kPa) 0.6113 0.8721 1.2276 1.705 2.339 3.169 4.246 5.628 7.384 9.593 12.350 15.758 19.941 25.03 31.19 38.58 47.39 57.83 70.14 84.55 101.3 120.8 143.3 169.1 198.5 232.1 270.1 313.0 361.3 415.4 475.9 543.1 617.8 700.5 791.7 892.0 1002.2 1122.7 1254.4 Sat. Liquid hf 0.00 20.98 41.99 62.98 83.94 104.87 125.77 146.66 167.54 188.42 209.31 230.20 251.11 272.03 292.96 313.91 334.88 355.88 376.90 397.94 419.02 440.13 461.27 482.46 503.69 524.96 546.29 567.67 589.11 610.61 632.18 653.82 675.53 697.32 719.20 741.16 763.21 785.36 807.61 Evap. hfg 2501.35 2489.57 2477.75 2465.93 2454.12 2442.30 2430.48 2418.62 2406.72 2394.77 2382.75 2370.66 2358.48 2346.21 2333.85 2321.37 2308.77 2296.05 2283.19 2270.19 2257.03 2243.70 2230.20 2216.50 2202.61 2188.50 2174.16 2159.59 2144.75 2129.65 2114.26 2098.56 2082.55 2066.20 2049.50 2032.42 2014.96 1997.07 1978.76 Sat. Vapor hg 2501.35 2510.54 2519.74 2528.91 2538.06 2547.17 2556.25 2565.28 2574.26 2583.19 2592.06 2600.86 2609.59 2618.24 2626.80 2635.28 2643.66 2651.93 2660.09 2668.13 2676.05 2683.83 2691.47 2698.96 2706.30 2713.46 2720.46 2727.26 2733.87 2740.26 2746.44 2752.39 2758.09 2763.53 2768.70 2773.58 2778.16 2782.43 2786.37 Sat. Liquid sf 0 0.0761 0.1510 0.2245 0.2966 0.3673 0.4369 0.5052 0.5724 0.6386 0.7037 0.7679 0.8311 0.8934 0.9548 1.0154 1.0752 1.1342 1.1924 1.2500 1.3068 1.3629 1.4184 1.4733 1.5275 1.5812 1.6343 1.6869 1.7390 1.7906 1.8417 1.8924 1.9426 1.9924 2.0418 2.0909 2.1395 2.1878 2.2358

Entropy, kJ/kg-K Evap. sfg 9.1562 8.9496 8.7498 8.5569 8.3706 8.1905 8.0164 7.8478 7.6845 7.5261 7.3725 7.2234 7.0784 6.9375 6.8004 6.6670 6.5369 6.4102 6.2866 6.1659 6.0480 5.9328 5.8202 5.7100 5.6020 5.4962 5.3925 5.2907 5.1908 5.0926 4.9960 4.9010 4.8075 4.7153 4.6244 4.5347 4.4461 4.3586 4.2720 Sat. Vapor sg 9.1562 9.0257 8.9007 8.7813 8.6671 8.5579 8.4533 8.3530 8.2569 8.1647 8.0762 7.9912 7.9095 7.8309 7.7552 7.6824 7.6121 7.5444 7.4790 7.4158 7.3548 7.2958 7.2386 7.1832 7.1295 7.0774 7.0269 6.9777 6.9298 6.8832 6.8378 6.7934 6.7501 6.7078 6.6663 6.6256 6.5857 6.5464 6.5078

778

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

TABLE B.1.1 (continued ) Saturated Water

Specic Volume, m3 /kg Temp. ( C) 195 200 205 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250 255 260 265 270 275 280 285 290 295 300 305 310 315 320 325 330 335 340 345 350 355 360 365 370 374.1 Press. (kPa) 1397.8 1553.8 1723.0 1906.3 2104.2 2317.8 2547.7 2794.9 3060.1 3344.2 3648.2 3973.0 4319.5 4688.6 5081.3 5498.7 5941.8 6411.7 6909.4 7436.0 7992.8 8581.0 9201.8 9856.6 10547 11274 12040 12845 13694 14586 15525 16514 17554 18651 19807 21028 22089 Sat. Liquid vf 0.001149 0.001156 0.001164 0.001173 0.001181 0.001190 0.001199 0.001209 0.001219 0.001229 0.001240 0.001251 0.001263 0.001276 0.001289 0.001302 0.001317 0.001332 0.001348 0.001366 0.001384 0.001404 0.001425 0.001447 0.001472 0.001499 0.001528 0.001561 0.001597 0.001638 0.001685 0.001740 0.001807 0.001892 0.002011 0.002213 0.003155 Evap. vfg 0.13990 0.12620 0.11405 0.10324 0.09361 0.08500 0.07729 0.07037 0.06415 0.05853 0.05346 0.04887 0.04471 0.04093 0.03748 0.03434 0.03147 0.02884 0.02642 0.02420 0.02216 0.02027 0.01852 0.01690 0.01539 0.01399 0.01267 0.01144 0.01027 0.00916 0.00810 0.00707 0.00607 0.00505 0.00398 0.00271 0 Sat. Vapor vg 0.14105 0.12736 0.11521 0.10441 0.09479 0.08619 0.07849 0.07158 0.06536 0.05976 0.05470 0.05013 0.04598 0.04220 0.03877 0.03564 0.03279 0.03017 0.02777 0.02557 0.02354 0.02167 0.01995 0.01835 0.01687 0.01549 0.01420 0.01300 0.01186 0.01080 0.00978 0.00881 0.00787 0.00694 0.00599 0.00493 0.00315

Internal Energy, kJ/kg Sat. Liquid uf 828.36 850.64 873.02 895.51 918.12 940.85 963.72 986.72 1009.88 1033.19 1056.69 1080.37 1104.26 1128.37 1152.72 1177.33 1202.23 1227.43 1252.98 1278.89 1305.21 1331.97 1359.22 1387.03 1415.44 1444.55 1474.44 1505.24 1537.11 1570.26 1605.01 1641.81 1681.41 1725.19 1776.13 1843.84 2029.58 Evap. ufg 1764.43 1744.66 1724.49 1703.93 1682.94 1661.49 1639.58 1617.17 1594.24 1570.75 1546.68 1522.00 1496.66 1470.64 1443.87 1416.33 1387.94 1358.66 1328.41 1297.11 1264.67 1230.99 1195.94 1159.37 1121.11 1080.93 1038.57 993.66 945.77 894.26 838.29 776.58 707.11 626.29 526.54 384.69 0 Sat. Vapor ug 2592.79 2595.29 2597.52 2599.44 2601.06 2602.35 2603.30 2603.89 2604.11 2603.95 2603.37 2602.37 2600.93 2599.01 2596.60 2593.66 2590.17 2586.09 2581.38 2575.99 2569.87 2562.96 2555.16 2546.40 2536.55 2525.48 2513.01 2498.91 2482.88 2464.53 2443.30 2418.39 2388.52 2351.47 2302.67 2228.53 2029.58

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

779

TABLE B.1.1 (continued ) Saturated Water

Enthalpy, kJ/kg Temp. ( C) 195 200 205 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250 255 260 265 270 275 280 285 290 295 300 305 310 315 320 325 330 335 340 345 350 355 360 365 370 374.1 Press. (kPa) 1397.8 1553.8 1723.0 1906.3 2104.2 2317.8 2547.7 2794.9 3060.1 3344.2 3648.2 3973.0 4319.5 4688.6 5081.3 5498.7 5941.8 6411.7 6909.4 7436.0 7992.8 8581.0 9201.8 9856.6 10547 11274 12040 12845 13694 14586 15525 16514 17554 18651 19807 21028 22089 Sat. Liquid hf 829.96 852.43 875.03 897.75 920.61 943.61 966.77 990.10 1013.61 1037.31 1061.21 1085.34 1109.72 1134.35 1159.27 1184.49 1210.05 1235.97 1262.29 1289.04 1316.27 1344.01 1372.33 1401.29 1430.97 1461.45 1492.84 1525.29 1558.98 1594.15 1631.17 1670.54 1713.13 1760.48 1815.96 1890.37 2099.26 Evap. hfg 1959.99 1940.75 1921.00 1900.73 1879.91 1858.51 1836.50 1813.85 1790.53 1766.50 1741.73 1716.18 1689.80 1662.54 1634.34 1605.16 1574.92 1543.55 1510.97 1477.08 1441.78 1404.93 1366.38 1325.97 1283.48 1238.64 1191.13 1140.56 1086.37 1027.86 964.02 893.38 813.59 720.52 605.44 441.75 0 Sat. Vapor hg 2789.96 2793.18 2796.03 2798.48 2800.51 2802.12 2803.27 2803.95 2804.13 2803.81 2802.95 2801.52 2799.51 2796.89 2793.61 2789.65 2784.97 2779.53 2773.27 2766.13 2758.05 2748.94 2738.72 2727.27 2714.44 2700.08 2683.97 2665.85 2645.35 2622.01 2595.19 2563.92 2526.72 2481.00 2421.40 2332.12 2099.26 Sat. Liquid sf 2.2835 2.3308 2.3779 2.4247 2.4713 2.5177 2.5639 2.6099 2.6557 2.7015 2.7471 2.7927 2.8382 2.8837 2.9293 2.9750 3.0208 3.0667 3.1129 3.1593 3.2061 3.2533 3.3009 3.3492 3.3981 3.4479 3.4987 3.5506 3.6040 3.6593 3.7169 3.7776 3.8427 3.9146 3.9983 4.1104 4.4297

Entropy, kJ/kg-K Evap. sfg 4.1863 4.1014 4.0172 3.9337 3.8507 3.7683 3.6863 3.6047 3.5233 3.4422 3.3612 3.2802 3.1992 3.1181 3.0368 2.9551 2.8730 2.7903 2.7069 2.6227 2.5375 2.4511 2.3633 2.2737 2.1821 2.0882 1.9913 1.8909 1.7863 1.6763 1.5594 1.4336 1.2951 1.1379 0.9487 0.6868 0 Sat. Vapor sg 6.4697 6.4322 6.3951 6.3584 6.3221 6.2860 6.2502 6.2146 6.1791 6.1436 6.1083 6.0729 6.0374 6.0018 5.9661 5.9301 5.8937 5.8570 5.8198 5.7821 5.7436 5.7044 5.6642 5.6229 5.5803 5.5361 5.4900 5.4416 5.3903 5.3356 5.2763 5.2111 5.1378 5.0525 4.9470 4.7972 4.4297

780

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

TABLE B.1.2

Saturated Water Pressure Entry Specic Volume, m3 /kg Press. (kPa) 0.6113 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 4 5 7.5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 Temp. ( C) 0.01 6.98 13.03 17.50 21.08 24.08 28.96 32.88 40.29 45.81 53.97 60.06 64.97 69.10 75.87 81.33 91.77 99.62 105.99 111.37 116.06 120.23 124.00 127.43 130.60 133.55 136.30 138.88 141.32 143.63 147.93 151.86 155.48 158.85 162.01 164.97 167.77 170.43 Sat. Liquid vf 0.001000 0.001000 0.001001 0.001001 0.001002 0.001003 0.001004 0.001005 0.001008 0.001010 0.001014 0.001017 0.001020 0.001022 0.001026 0.001030 0.001037 0.001043 0.001048 0.001053 0.001057 0.001061 0.001064 0.001067 0.001070 0.001073 0.001076 0.001079 0.001081 0.001084 0.001088 0.001093 0.001097 0.001101 0.001104 0.001108 0.001111 0.001115 Evap. ufg 206.131 129.20702 87.97913 67.00285 54.25285 45.66402 34.79915 28.19150 19.23674 14.67254 10.02117 7.64835 6.20322 5.22816 3.99243 3.23931 2.21607 1.69296 1.37385 1.15828 1.00257 0.88467 0.79219 0.71765 0.65624 0.60475 0.56093 0.52317 0.49029 0.46138 0.41289 0.37380 0.34159 0.31457 0.29158 0.27176 0.25449 0.23931 Sat. Vapor vg 206.132 129.20802 87.98013 67.00385 54.25385 45.66502 34.80015 28.19251 19.23775 14.67355 10.02218 7.64937 6.20424 5.22918 3.99345 3.24034 2.21711 1.69400 1.37490 1.15933 1.00363 0.88573 0.79325 0.71871 0.65731 0.60582 0.56201 0.52425 0.49137 0.46246 0.41398 0.37489 0.34268 0.31567 0.29268 0.27286 0.25560 0.24043 Internal Energy, kJ/kg Sat. Liquid uf 0 29.29 54.70 73.47 88.47 101.03 121.44 137.79 168.76 191.79 225.90 251.35 271.88 289.18 317.51 340.42 394.29 417.33 444.16 466.92 486.78 504.47 520.45 535.08 548.57 561.13 572.88 583.93 594.38 604.29 622.75 639.66 655.30 669.88 683.55 696.43 708.62 720.20 Evap. ufg 2375.3 2355.69 2338.63 2326.02 2315.93 2307.48 2293.73 2282.70 2261.74 2246.10 2222.83 2205.36 2191.21 2179.22 2159.49 2143.43 2112.39 2088.72 2069.32 2052.72 2038.12 2025.02 2013.10 2002.14 1991.95 1982.43 1973.46 1964.98 1956.93 1949.26 1934.87 1921.57 1909.17 1897.52 1886.51 1876.07 1866.11 1856.58 Sat. Vapor ug 2375.3 2384.98 2393.32 2399.48 2404.40 2408.51 2415.17 2420.49 2430.50 2437.89 2448.73 2456.71 2463.08 2468.40 2477.00 2483.85 2496.67 2506.06 2513.48 2519.64 2524.90 2529.49 2533.56 2537.21 2540.53 2543.55 2546.34 2548.92 2551.31 2553.55 2557.62 2561.23 2564.47 2567.40 2570.06 2572.49 2574.73 2576.79

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

781

TABLE B.1.2 (continued ) Saturated Water Pressure Entry

Enthalpy, kJ/kg Press. (kPa) 0.6113 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 4.0 5.0 7.5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 Temp. ( C) 0.01 6.98 13.03 17.50 21.08 24.08 28.96 32.88 40.29 45.81 53.97 60.06 64.97 69.10 75.87 81.33 91.77 99.62 105.99 111.37 116.06 120.23 124.00 127.43 130.60 133.55 136.30 138.88 141.32 143.63 147.93 151.86 155.48 158.85 162.01 164.97 167.77 170.43 Sat. Liquid hf 0.00 29.29 54.70 73.47 88.47 101.03 121.44 137.79 168.77 191.81 225.91 251.38 271.90 289.21 317.55 340.47 384.36 417.44 444.30 467.08 486.97 504.68 520.69 535.34 548.87 561.45 573.23 584.31 594.79 604.73 623.24 640.21 655.91 670.54 684.26 697.20 709.45 721.10 Evap. hfg 2501.3 2484.89 2470.59 2460.02 2451.56 2444.47 2432.93 2423.66 2406.02 2392.82 2373.14 2358.33 2346.29 2336.07 2319.19 2305.40 2278.59 2258.02 2241.05 2226.46 2213.57 2201.96 2191.35 2181.55 2172.42 2163.85 2155.76 2148.10 2140.79 2133.81 2120.67 2108.47 2097.04 2086.26 2076.04 2066.30 2056.98 2048.04 Sat. Vapor hg 2501.3 2514.18 2525.30 2533.49 2540.03 2545.50 2554.37 2561.45 2574.79 2584.63 2599.06 2609.70 2618.19 2625.28 2636.74 2645.87 2662.96 2675.46 2685.35 2693.54 2700.53 2706.63 2712.04 2716.89 2721.29 2725.30 2728.99 2732.40 2735.58 2738.53 2743.91 2748.67 2752.94 2756.80 2760.30 2763.50 2766.43 2769.13 Sat. Liquid sf 0 0.1059 0.1956 0.2607 0.3120 0.3545 0.4226 0.4763 0.5763 0.6492 0.7548 0.8319 0.8930 0.9439 1.0258 1.0910 1.2129 1.3025 1.3739 1.4335 1.4848 1.5300 1.5705 1.6072 1.6407 1.6717 1.7005 1.7274 1.7527 1.7766 1.8206 1.8606 1.8972 1.9311 1.9627 1.9922 2.0199 2.0461

Entropy, kJ/kg-K Evap. sfg 9.1562 8.8697 8.6322 8.4629 8.3311 8.2231 8.0520 7.9187 7.6751 7.5010 7.2536 7.0766 6.9383 6.8247 6.6441 6.5029 6.2434 6.0568 5.9104 5.7897 5.6868 5.5970 5.5173 5.4455 5.3801 5.3201 5.2646 5.2130 5.1647 5.1193 5.0359 4.9606 4.8920 4.8289 4.7704 4.7158 4.6647 4.6166 Sat. Vapor sg 9.1562 8.9756 8.8278 8.7236 8.6431 8.5775 8.4746 8.3950 8.2514 8.1501 8.0084 7.9085 7.8313 7.7686 7.6700 7.5939 7.4563 7.3593 7.2843 7.2232 7.1717 7.1271 7.0878 7.0526 7.0208 6.9918 6.9651 6.9404 6.9174 6.8958 6.8565 6.8212 6.7892 6.7600 6.7330 6.7080 6.6846 6.6627

782

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

TABLE B.1.2 (continued ) Saturated Water Pressure Entry

Specic Volume, m3 /kg Press. (kPa) 850 900 950 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1750 2000 2250 2500 2750 3000 3250 3500 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 11000 12000 13000 14000 15000 16000 17000 18000 19000 20000 21000 22000 22089 Temp. ( C) 172.96 175.38 177.69 179.91 184.09 187.99 191.64 195.07 198.32 205.76 212.42 218.45 223.99 229.12 233.90 238.38 242.60 250.40 263.99 275.64 285.88 295.06 303.40 311.06 318.15 324.75 330.93 336.75 342.24 347.43 352.37 357.06 361.54 365.81 369.89 373.80 374.14 Sat. Liquid vf 0.001118 0.001121 0.001124 0.001127 0.001133 0.001139 0.001144 0.001149 0.001154 0.001166 0.001177 0.001187 0.001197 0.001207 0.001216 0.001226 0.001235 0.001252 0.001286 0.001319 0.001351 0.001384 0.001418 0.001452 0.001489 0.001527 0.001567 0.001611 0.001658 0.001711 0.001770 0.001840 0.001924 0.002035 0.002206 0.002808 0.003155 Evap. vfg 0.22586 0.21385 0.20306 0.19332 0.17639 0.16220 0.15011 0.13969 0.13062 0.11232 0.09845 0.08756 0.07878 0.07154 0.06546 0.06029 0.05583 0.04853 0.03815 0.03112 0.02602 0.02213 0.01907 0.01657 0.01450 0.01274 0.01121 0.00987 0.00868 0.00760 0.00659 0.00565 0.00473 0.00380 0.00275 0.00072 0 Sat. Vapor vg 0.22698 0.21497 0.20419 0.19444 0.17753 0.16333 0.15125 0.14084 0.13177 0.11349 0.09963 0.08875 0.07998 0.07275 0.06668 0.06152 0.05707 0.04978 0.03944 0.03244 0.02737 0.02352 0.02048 0.01803 0.01599 0.01426 0.01278 0.01149 0.01034 0.00931 0.00836 0.00749 0.00666 0.00583 0.00495 0.00353 0.00315

Internal Energy, kJ/kg Sat. Liquid uf 731.25 741.81 751.94 761.67 780.08 797.27 813.42 828.68 843.14 876.44 906.42 933.81 959.09 982.65 1004.76 1025.62 1045.41 1082.28 1147.78 1205.41 1257.51 1305.54 1350.47 1393.00 1433.68 1472.92 1511.09 1548.53 1585.58 1622.63 1660.16 1698.86 1739.87 1785.47 1841.97 1973.16 2029.58 Evap. ufg 1847.45 1838.65 1830.17 1821.97 1806.32 1791.55 1777.53 1764.15 1751.3 1721.39 1693.84 1668.18 1644.04 1621.16 1599.34 1578.43 1558.29 1519.99 1449.34 1384.27 1322.97 1264.25 1207.28 1151.40 1096.06 1040.76 984.99 928.23 869.85 809.07 744.80 675.42 598.18 507.58 388.74 108.24 0 Sat. Vapor ug 2578.69 2580.46 2582.11 2583.64 2586.40 2588.82 2590.95 2592.83 2594.5 2597.83 2600.26 2601.98 2603.13 2603.81 2604.10 2604.04 2603.70 2602.27 2597.12 2589.69 2580.48 2569.79 2557.75 2544.41 2529.74 2513.67 2496.08 2476.76 2455.43 2431.70 2404.96 2374.28 2338.05 2293.05 2230.71 2081.39 2029.58

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

783

TABLE B.1.2 (continued ) Saturated Water Pressure Entry

Enthalpy, kJ/kg Press. (kPa) 850 900 950 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1750 2000 2250 2500 2750 3000 3250 3500 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 11000 12000 13000 14000 15000 16000 17000 18000 19000 20000 21000 22000 22089 Temp. ( C) 172.96 175.38 177.69 179.91 184.09 187.99 191.64 195.07 198.32 205.76 212.42 218.45 223.99 229.12 233.90 238.38 242.60 250.40 263.99 275.64 285.88 295.06 303.40 311.06 318.15 324.75 330.93 336.75 342.24 347.43 352.37 357.06 361.54 365.81 369.89 373.80 374.14 Sat. Liquid hf 732.20 742.82 753.00 762.79 781.32 798.64 814.91 830.29 844.87 878.48 908.77 936.48 962.09 985.97 1008.41 1029.60 1049.73 1087.29 1154.21 1213.32 1266.97 1316.61 1363.23 1407.53 1450.05 1491.24 1531.46 1571.08 1610.45 1650.00 1690.25 1731.97 1776.43 1826.18 1888.30 2034.92 2099.26 Evap. hfg 2039.43 2031.12 2023.08 2015.29 2000.36 1986.19 1972.67 1959.72 1947.28 1917.95 1890.74 1865.19 1840.98 1817.89 1795.73 1774.37 1753.70 1714.09 1640.12 1571.00 1505.10 1441.33 1378.88 1317.14 1255.55 1193.59 1130.76 1066.47 1000.04 930.59 856.90 777.13 688.11 583.56 446.42 124.04 0 Sat. Vapor hg 2771.63 2773.94 2776.08 2778.08 2781.68 2784.82 2787.58 2790.00 2792.15 2796.43 2799.51 2801.67 2803.07 2803.86 2804.14 2803.97 2803.43 2801.38 2794.33 2784.33 2772.07 2757.94 2742.11 2724.67 2705.60 2684.83 2662.22 2637.55 2610.49 2580.59 2547.15 2509.09 2464.54 2409.74 2334.72 2158.97 2099.26 Sat. Liquid sf 2.0709 2.0946 2.1171 2.1386 2.1791 2.2165 2.2514 2.2842 2.3150 2.3851 2.4473 2.5034 2.5546 2.6018 2.6456 2.6866 2.7252 2.7963 2.9201 3.0266 3.1210 3.2067 3.2857 3.3595 3.4294 3.4961 3.5604 3.6231 3.6847 3.7460 3.8078 3.8713 3.9387 4.0137 4.1073 4.3307 4.4297

Entropy, kJ/kg-K Evap. sfg 4.5711 4.5280 4.4869 4.4478 4.3744 4.3067 4.2438 4.1850 4.1298 4.0044 3.8935 3.7938 3.7028 3.6190 3.5412 3.4685 3.4000 3.2737 3.0532 2.8625 2.6922 2.5365 2.3915 2.2545 2.1233 1.9962 1.8718 1.7485 1.6250 1.4995 1.3698 1.2330 1.0841 0.9132 0.6942 0.1917 0 Sat. Vapor sg 6.6421 6.6225 6.6040 6.5864 6.5535 6.5233 6.4953 6.4692 6.4448 6.3895 6.3408 6.2971 6.2574 6.2208 6.1869 6.1551 6.1252 6.0700 5.9733 5.8891 5.8132 5.7431 5.6771 5.6140 5.5527 5.4923 5.4323 5.3716 5.3097 5.2454 5.1776 5.1044 5.0227 4.9269 4.8015 4.5224 4.4297

784

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

TABLE B.1.3

Superheated Vapor Water Temp. ( C) v (m3 /kg) u (kJ/kg) h (kJ/kg) s (kJ/kg-K) v (m3 /kg) u (kJ/kg) h (kJ/kg) s (kJ/kg-K)

P = 10 kPa (45.81 C) Sat. 50 100 150 200 250 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 14.67355 14.86920 17.19561 19.51251 21.82507 24.13559 26.44508 31.06252 35.67896 40.29488 44.91052 49.52599 54.14137 58.75669 63.37198 67.98724 72.60250 2437.89 2443.87 2515.50 2587.86 2661.27 2735.95 2812.06 2968.89 3132.26 3302.45 3479.63 3663.84 3855.03 4053.01 4257.47 4467.91 4683.68 2584.63 2592.56 2687.46 2782.99 2879.52 2977.31 3076.51 3279.51 3489.05 3705.40 3928.73 4159.10 4396.44 4640.58 4891.19 5147.78 5409.70 8.1501 8.1749 8.4479 8.6881 8.9037 9.1002 9.2812 9.6076 9.8977 10.1608 10.4028 10.6281 10.8395 11.0392 11.2287 11.4090 14.5810 3.24034 3.41833 3.88937 4.35595 4.82045 5.28391 6.20929 7.13364 8.05748 8.98104 9.90444 10.82773 11.75097 12.67418 13.59737 14.52054

P = 50 kPa (81.33 C) 2483.85 2511.61 2585.61 2659.85 2734.97 2811.33 2968.43 3131.94 3302.22 3479.45 3663.70 3854.91 4052.91 4257.37 4467.82 4683.58 2645.87 2682.52 2780.08 2877.64 2975.99 3075.52 3278.89 3488.62 3705.10 3928.51 4158.92 4396.30 4640.46 4891.08 5147.69 5409.61 7.5939 7.6947 7.9400 8.1579 8.3555 8.5372 8.8641 9.1545 9.4177 9.6599 9.8852 10.0967 10.2964 10.4858 10.6662 10.8382

100 kPa (99.62 C) Sat. 150 200 250 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1.69400 1.93636 2.17226 2.40604 2.63876 3.10263 3.56547 4.02781 4.48986 4.95174 5.41353 5.87526 6.33696 6.79863 7.26030 2506.06 2582.75 2658.05 2733.73 2810.41 2967.85 3131.54 3301.94 3479.24 3663.53 3854.77 4052.78 4257.25 4467.70 4683.47 2675.46 2776.38 2875.27 2974.33 3074.28 3278.11 3488.09 3704.72 3928.23 4158.71 4396.12 4640.31 4890.95 5147.56 5409.49 7.3593 7.6133 7.8342 8.0332 8.2157 8.5434 8.8341 9.0975 9.3398 9.5652 9.7767 9.9764 10.1658 10.3462 10.5182 0.88573 0.95964 1.08034 1.19880 1.31616 1.54930 1.78139 2.01297 2.24426 2.47539 2.70643 2.93740 3.16834 3.39927 3.63018

200 kPa (120.23 C) 2529.49 2576.87 2654.39 2731.22 2808.55 2966.69 3130.75 3301.36 3478.81 3663.19 3854.49 4052.53 4257.01 4467.46 4683.23 2706.63 2768.80 2870.46 2970.98 3071.79 3276.55 3487.03 3703.96 3927.66 4158.27 4395.77 4640.01 4890.68 5147.32 5409.26 7.1271 7.2795 7.5066 7.7085 7.8926 8.2217 8.5132 8.7769 9.0194 9.2450 9.4565 9.6563 9.8458 10.0262 10.1982

300 kPa (133.55 C) Sat. 150 200 0.60582 0.63388 0.71629 2543.55 2570.79 2650.65 2725.30 2760.95 2865.54 6.9918 7.0778 7.3115 0.46246 0.47084 0.53422

400 kPa (143.63 C) 2553.55 2564.48 2646.83 2738.53 2752.82 2860.51 6.8958 6.9299 7.1706

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

785

TABLE B.1.3 (continued ) Superheated Vapor Water

Temp. ( C)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

300 kPa (133.55 C) 250 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.79636 0.87529 1.03151 1.18669 1.34136 1.49573 1.64994 1.80406 1.95812 2.11214 2.26614 2.42013 2728.69 2806.69 2965.53 3129.95 3300.79 3478.38 3662.85 3854.20 4052.27 4256.77 4467.23 4682.99 2967.59 3069.28 3274.98 3485.96 3703.20 3927.10 4157.83 4395.42 4639.71 4890.41 5147.07 5409.03 7.5165 7.7022 8.0329 8.3250 8.5892 8.8319 9.0575 9.2691 9.4689 9.6585 9.8389 10.0109 0.59512 0.65484 0.77262 0.88934 1.00555 1.12147 1.23722 1.35288 1.46847 1.58404 1.69958 1.81511

400 kPa (143.63 C) 2726.11 2804.81 2964.36 3129.15 3300.22 3477.95 3662.51 3853.91 4052.02 4256.53 4466.99 4682.75 2964.16 3066.75 3273.41 3484.89 3702.44 3926.53 4157.40 4395.06 4639.41 4890.15 5146.83 5408.80 7.3788 7.5661 7.8984 8.1912 8.4557 8.6987 8.9244 9.1361 9.3360 9.5255 9.7059 9.8780

500 kPa (15 1.86 C) Sat. 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.37489 0.42492 0.47436 0.52256 0.57012 0.61728 0.71093 0.80406 0.89691 0.98959 1.08217 1.17469 1.26718 1.35964 1.45210 2561.23 2642.91 2723.50 2802.91 2882.59 2963.19 3128.35 3299.64 3477.52 3662.17 3853.63 4051.76 4256.29 4466.76 4682.52 2748.67 2855.37 2960.68 3064.20 3167.65 3271.83 3483.82 3701.67 3925.97 4156.96 4394.71 4639.11 4889.88 5146.58 5408.57 6.8212 7.0592 7.2708 7.4598 7.6328 7.7937 8.0872 8.3521 8.5952 8.8211 9.0329 9.2328 9.4224 9.6028 9.7749 0.31567 0.35202 0.39383 0.43437 0.47424 0.51372 0.59199 0.66974 0.74720 0.82450 0.90169 0.97883 1.05594 1.13302 1.21009

600 kPa (158.85 C) 2567.40 2638.91 2720.86 2801.00 2881.12 2962.02 3127.55 3299.07 3477.08 3661.83 3853.34 4051.51 4256.05 4466.52 4682.28 2756.80 2850.12 2957.16 3061.63 3165.66 3270.25 3482.75 3700.91 3925.41 4156.52 4394.36 4638.81 4889.61 5146.34 5408.34 6.7600 6.9665 7.1816 7.3723 7.5463 7.7078 8.0020 8.2673 8.5107 8.7367 8.9485 9.1484 9.3381 9.5185 9.6906

800 kPa (170.43 C) Sat. 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 0.24043 0.26080 0.29314 0.32411 0.35439 0.38426 0.44331 0.50184 2576.79 2630.61 2715.46 2797.14 2878.16 2959.66 3125.95 3297.91 2769.13 2839.25 2949.97 3056.43 3161.68 3267.07 3480.60 3699.38 6.6627 6.8158 7.0384 7.2327 7.4088 7.5715 7.8672 8.1332 0.19444 0.20596 0.23268 0.25794 0.28247 0.30659 0.35411 0.40109

1000 kPa (179.91 C) 2583.64 2621.90 2709.91 2793.21 2875.18 2957.29 3124.34 3296.76 2778.08 2827.86 2942.59 3051.15 3157.65 3263.88 3478.44 3697.85 6.5864 6.6939 6.9246 7.1228 7.3010 7.4650 7.7621 8.0289

786

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

TABLE B.1.3 (continued ) Superheated Vapor Water

Temp. ( C)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

800 kPa (170.43 C) 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.56007 0.61813 0.67610 0.73401 0.79188 0.84974 0.90758 3476.22 3661.14 3852.77 4051.00 4255.57 4466.05 4681.81 3924.27 4155.65 4393.65 4638.20 4889.08 5145.85 5407.87 8.3770 8.6033 8.8153 9.0153 9.2049 9.3854 9.5575 0.44779 0.49432 0.54075 0.58712 0.63345 0.67977 0.72608

1000 kPa (179.91 C) 3475.35 3660.46 3852.19 4050.49 4255.09 4465.58 4681.33 3923.14 4154.78 4392.94 4637.60 4888.55 5145.36 5407.41 8.2731 8.4996 8.7118 8.9119 9.1016 9.2821 9.4542

1200 kPa (187.99 C) Sat. 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.16333 0.16930 0.19235 0.21382 0.23452 0.25480 0.29463 0.33393 0.37294 0.41177 0.45051 0.48919 0.52783 0.56646 0.60507 2588.82 2612.74 2704.20 2789.22 2872.16 2954.90 3122.72 3295.60 3474.48 3659.77 3851.62 4049.98 4254.61 4465.12 4680.86 2784.82 2815.90 2935.01 3045.80 3153.59 3260.66 3476.28 3696.32 3922.01 4153.90 4392.23 4637.00 4888.02 5144.87 5406.95 6.5233 6.5898 6.8293 7.0316 7.2120 7.3773 7.6758 7.9434 8.1881 8.4149 8.6272 8.8274 9.0171 9.1977 9.3698 0.14084 0.14302 0.16350 0.18228 0.20026 0.21780 0.25215 0.28596 0.31947 0.35281 0.38606 0.41924 0.45239 0.48552 0.51864

1400 kPa (195.07 C) 2592.83 2603.09 2698.32 2785.16 2869.12 2952.50 3121.10 3294.44 3473.61 3659.09 3851.05 4049.47 4254.14 4464.65 4680.39 2790.00 2803.32 2927.22 3040.35 3149.49 3257.42 3474.11 3694.78 3920.87 4153.03 4391.53 4636.41 4887.49 5144.38 5406.49 6.4692 6.4975 6.7467 6.9533 7.1359 7.3025 7.6026 7.8710 8.1160 8.3431 8.5555 8.7558 8.9456 9.1262 9.2983

1600 kPa (201.40) C) Sat. 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.12380 0.14184 0.15862 0.17456 0.19005 0.22029 0.24998 0.27937 0.30859 0.33772 0.36678 0.39581 0.42482 0.45382 2595.95 2692.26 2781.03 2866.05 2950.09 3119.47 3293.27 3472.74 3658.40 3850.47 4048.96 4253.66 4464.18 4679.92 2794.02 2919.20 3034.83 3145.35 3254.17 3471.93 3693.23 3919.73 4152.15 4390.82 4635.81 4886.95 5143.89 5406.02 6.4217 6.6732 6.8844 7.0693 7.2373 7.5389 7.8080 8.0535 8.2808 8.4934 8.6938 8.8837 9.0642 9.2364 0.11042 0.12497 0.14021 0.15457 0.16847 0.19550 0.22199 0.24818 0.27420 0.30012 0.32598 0.35180 0.37761 0.40340

1800 kPa (207.15 C) 2598.38 2686.02 2776.83 2862.95 2947.66 3117.84 3292.10 3471.87 3657.71 3849.90 4048.45 4253.18 4463.71 4679.44 2797.13 2910.96 3029.21 3141.18 3250.90 3469.75 3691.69 3918.59 4151.27 4390.11 4635.21 4886.42 5143.40 5405.56 6.3793 6.6066 6.8226 7.0099 7.1793 7.4824 7.7523 7.9983 8.2258 8.4386 8.6390 8.8290 9.0096 9.1817

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

787

TABLE B.1.3 (continued ) Superheated Vapor Water

Temp. ( C)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

2000 kPa (212.42 C) Sat. 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.09963 0.11144 0.12547 0.13857 0.15120 0.16353 0.17568 0.19960 0.22323 0.24668 0.27004 0.29333 0.31659 0.33984 0.36306 2600.26 2679.58 2772.56 2859.81 2945.21 3030.41 3116.20 3290.93 3470.99 3657.03 3849.33 4047.94 4252.71 4463.25 4678.97 2799.51 2902.46 3023.50 3136.96 3247.60 3357.48 3467.55 3690.14 3917.45 4150.40 4389.40 4634.61 4885.89 5142.92 5405.10 6.3408 6.5452 6.7663 6.9562 7.1270 7.2844 7.4316 7.7023 7.9487 8.1766 8.3895 8.5900 8.7800 8.9606 9.1328 0.07998 0.08700 0.09890 0.10976 0.12010 0.13014 0.13998 0.15930 0.17832 0.19716 0.21590 0.23458 0.25322 0.27185 0.29046

2500 kPa (223.99 C) 2603.13 2662.55 2761.56 2851.84 2939.03 3025.43 3112.08 3287.99 3468.80 3655.30 3847.89 4046.67 4251.52 4462.08 4677.80 2803.07 2880.06 3008.81 3126.24 3239.28 3350.77 3462.04 3686.25 3914.59 4148.20 4387.64 4633.12 4884.57 5141.70 5403.95 6.2574 6.4084 6.6437 6.8402 7.0147 7.1745 7.3233 7.5960 7.8435 8.0720 8.2853 8.4860 8.6761 8.8569 9.0291

3000 kPa (233.90 C) Sat. 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.06668 0.07058 0.08114 0.09053 0.09936 0.10787 0.11619 0.13243 0.14838 0.16414 0.17980 0.19541 0.21098 0.22652 0.24206 2604.10 2644.00 2750.05 2843.66 2932.75 3020.38 3107.92 3285.03 3466.59 3653.58 3846.46 4045.40 4250.33 4460.92 4676.63 2804.14 2855.75 2993.48 3115.25 3230.82 3344.00 3456.48 3682.34 3911.72 4146.00 4385.87 4631.63 4883.26 5140.49 5402.81 6.1869 6.2871 6.5389 6.7427 6.9211 7.0833 7.2337 7.5084 7.7571 7.9862 8.1999 8.4009 8.5911 8.7719 8.9442 0.04978 0.05884 0.06645 0.07341 0.08003 0.08643 0.09885 0.11095 0.12287 0.13469 0.14645 0.15817 0.16987 0.18156

4000 kPa (250.40 C) 2602.27 2725.33 2826.65 2919.88 3010.13 3099.49 3279.06 3462.15 3650.11 3843.59 4042.87 4247.96 4458.60 4674.29 2801.38 2960.68 3092.43 3213.51 3330.23 3445.21 3674.44 3905.94 4141.59 4382.34 4628.65 4880.63 5138.07 5400.52 6.0700 6.3614 6.5820 6.7689 6.9362 7.0900 7.3688 7.6198 7.8502 8.0647 8.2661 8.4566 8.6376 8.8099

788

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

TABLE B.1.3 (continued ) Superheated Vapor Water

Temp. ( C)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

5000 kPa (263.99 C) Sat. 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.03944 0.04532 0.05194 0.05781 0.06330 0.06857 0.07368 0.07869 0.08849 0.09811 0.10762 0.11707 0.12648 0.13587 0.14526 2597.12 2697.94 2808.67 2906.58 2999.64 3090.92 3181.82 3273.01 3457.67 3646.62 3840.71 4040.35 4245.61 4456.30 4671.96 2794.33 2924.53 3068.39 3195.64 3316.15 3433.76 3550.23 3666.47 3900.13 4137.17 4378.82 4625.69 4878.02 5135.67 5398.24 5.9733 6.2083 6.4492 6.6458 6.8185 6.9758 7.1217 7.2588 7.5122 7.7440 7.9593 8.1612 8.3519 8.5330 8.7055 0.03244 0.03616 0.04223 0.04739 0.05214 0.05665 0.06101 0.06525 0.07352 0.08160 0.08958 0.09749 0.10536 0.11321 0.12106

6000 kPa (275.64 C) 2589.69 2667.22 2789.61 2892.81 2988.90 3082.20 3174.57 3266.89 3453.15 3643.12 3837.84 4037.83 4243.26 4454.00 4669.64 2784.33 2884.19 3042.97 3177.17 3301.76 3422.12 3540.62 3658.40 3894.28 4132.74 4375.29 4622.74 4875.42 5133.28 5395.97 5.8891 6.0673 6.3334 6.5407 6.7192 6.8802 7.0287 7.1676 7.4234 7.6566 7.8727 8.0751 8.2661 8.4473 8.6199

8000 kPa (295.06 C) Sat. 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.02352 0.02426 0.02995 0.03432 0.03817 0.04175 0.04516 0.04845 0.05481 0.06097 0.06702 0.07301 0.07896 0.08489 0.09080 2569.79 2590.93 2747.67 2863.75 2966.66 3064.30 3159.76 3254.43 3444.00 3636.08 3832.08 4032.81 4238.60 4449.45 4665.02 2757.94 2784.98 2987.30 3138.28 3271.99 3398.27 3521.01 3642.03 3882.47 4123.84 4368.26 4616.87 4870.25 5128.54 5391.46 5.7431 5.7905 6.1300 6.3633 6.5550 6.7239 6.8778 7.0205 7.2812 7.5173 7.7350 7.9384 8.1299 8.3115 8.4842 0.01803 0.02242 0.02641 0.02975 0.03279 0.03564 0.03837 0.04358 0.04859 0.05349 0.05832 0.06312 0.06789 0.07265

10000 kPa (311.06 C) 2544.41 2699.16 2832.38 2943.32 3045.77 3144.54 3241.68 3434.72 3628.97 3826.32 4027.81 4233.97 4444.93 4660.44 2724.67 2923.39 3096.46 3240.83 3373.63 3500.92 3625.34 3870.52 4114.91 4361.24 4611.04 4865.14 5123.84 5386.99 5.6140 5.9442 6.2119 6.4189 6.5965 6.7561 6.9028 7.1687 7.4077 7.6272 7.8315 8.0236 8.2054 8.3783

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

789

TABLE B.1.3 (continued ) Superheated Vapor Water

Temp. ( C)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

15000 kPa (342.24 C) Sat. 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.01034 0.01147 0.01565 0.01845 0.02080 0.02293 0.02491 0.02680 0.02861 0.03210 0.03546 0.03875 0.04200 0.04523 0.04845 2455.43 2520.36 2740.70 2879.47 2996.52 3104.71 3208.64 3310.37 3410.94 3610.99 3811.89 4015.41 4222.55 4433.78 4649.12 2610.49 2692.41 2975.44 3156.15 3308.53 3448.61 3582.30 3712.32 3840.12 4092.43 4343.75 4596.63 4852.56 5112.27 5375.94 5.3097 5.4420 5.8810 6.1403 6.3442 6.5198 6.6775 6.8223 6.9572 7.2040 7.4279 7.6347 7.8282 8.0108 8.1839 0.00583 0.00994 0.01270 0.01477 0.01656 0.01818 0.01969 0.02113 0.02385 0.02645 0.02897 0.03145 0.03391 0.03636

20000 kPa (365.81 C) 2293.05 2619.22 2806.16 2942.82 3062.34 3174.00 3281.46 3386.46 3592.73 3797.44 4003.12 4211.30 4422.81 4637.95 2409.74 2818.07 3060.06 3238.18 3393.45 3537.57 3675.32 3809.09 4069.80 4326.37 4582.45 4840.24 5100.96 5365.10 4.9269 5.5539 5.9016 6.1400 6.3347 6.5048 6.6582 6.7993 7.0544 7.2830 7.4925 7.6874 7.8706 8.0441

30000 kPa 375 400 425 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.001789 0.002790 0.005304 0.006735 0.008679 0.010168 0.011446 0.012596 0.013661 0.015623 0.017448 0.019196 0.020903 0.022589 0.024266 1737.75 2067.34 2455.06 2619.30 2820.67 2970.31 3100.53 3221.04 3335.84 3555.60 3768.48 3978.79 4189.18 4401.29 4615.96 1791.43 2151.04 2614.17 2821.35 3081.03 3275.36 3443.91 3598.93 3745.67 4024.31 4291.93 4554.68 4816.28 5078.97 5343.95 3.9303 4.4728 5.1503 5.4423 5.7904 6.0342 6.2330 6.4057 6.5606 6.8332 7.0717 7.2867 7.4845 7.6691 7.8432 0.001641 0.001908 0.002532 0.003693 0.005623 0.006984 0.008094 0.009064 0.009942 0.011523 0.012963 0.014324 0.015643 0.016940 0.018229

40000 kPa 1677.09 1854.52 2096.83 2365.07 2678.36 2869.69 3022.61 3158.04 3283.63 3517.89 3739.42 3954.64 4167.38 4380.11 4594.28 1742.71 1930.83 2198.11 2512.79 2903.26 3149.05 3346.38 3520.58 3681.29 3978.80 4257.93 4527.59 4793.08 5057.72 5323.45 3.8289 4.1134 4.5028 4.9459 5.4699 5.7784 6.0113 6.2054 6.3750 6.6662 6.9150 7.1356 7.3364 7.5224 7.6969

790

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

TABLE B.1.4

Compressed Liquid Water Temp. ( C) v (m3 /kg) u (kJ/kg) h (kJ/kg) s (kJ/kg-K) v (m3 /kg) u (kJ/kg) h (kJ/kg) s (kJ/kg-K)

500 kPa (151.86 C) Sat. 0.01 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 0.001093 0.000999 0.001002 0.001008 0.001017 0.001029 0.001043 0.001060 0.001080 639.66 0.01 83.91 167.47 251.00 334.73 418.80 503.37 588.66 640.21 0.51 84.41 167.98 251.51 335.24 419.32 503.90 589.20 1.8606 0.0000 0.2965 0.5722 0.8308 1.0749 1.3065 1.5273 1.7389 0.001177 0.000999 0.001001 0.001007 0.001016 0.001028 0.001043 0.001059 0.001079 0.001101 0.001127 0.001156

2000 kPa (212.42 C) 906.42 0.03 83.82 167.29 250.73 334.38 418.36 502.84 588.02 674.14 761.46 850.30 908.77 2.03 85.82 169.30 252.77 336.44 420.45 504.96 590.18 676.34 763.71 852.61 2.4473 0.0001 .2962 .5716 .8300 1.0739 1.3053 1.5259 1.7373 1.9410 2.1382 2.3301

5000 kPa (263.99 C) Sat 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 0.001286 0.000998 0.001000 0.001006 0.001015 0.001027 0.001041 0.001058 0.001077 0.001099 0.001124 0.001153 0.001187 0.001226 0.001275 1147.78 0.03 83.64 166.93 250.21 333.69 417.50 501.79 586.74 672.61 759.62 848.08 938.43 1031.34 1127.92 1154.21 5.02 88.64 171.95 255.28 338.83 422.71 507.07 592.13 678.10 765.24 853.85 944.36 1037.47 1134.30 2.9201 0.0001 0.2955 0.5705 0.8284 1.0719 1.3030 1.5232 1.7342 1.9374 2.1341 2.3254 2.5128 2.6978 2.8829 0.001452 0.000995 0.000997 0.001003 0.001013 0.001025 0.001039 0.001055 0.001074 0.001195 0.001120 0.001148 0.001181 0.001219 0.001265 0.001322 0.001397

10000 kPa (311.06 C) 1393.00 0.10 83.35 166.33 249.34 332.56 416.09 500.07 584.67 670.11 756.63 844.49 934.07 1025.94 1121.03 1220.90 1328.34 1407.53 10.05 93.32 176.36 259.47 342.81 426.48 510.61 595.40 681.07 767.83 855.97 945.88 1038.13 1133.68 1234.11 1342.31 3.3595 0.0003 0.2945 0.5685 0.8258 1.0687 1.2992 1.5188 1.7291 1.9316 2.1274 2.3178 2.5038 2.6872 2.8698 3.0547 3.2468

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

791

TABLE B.1.4 (continued ) Compressed Liquid Water

Temp. ( C)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

15000 kPa (342.24 C) Sat. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 0.001658 0.000993 0.000995 0.001001 0.001011 0.001022 0.001036 0.001052 0.001071 0.001092 0.001116 0.001143 0.001175 0.001211 0.001255 0.001308 0.001377 0.001472 0.001631 1585.58 0.15 83.05 165.73 248.49 331.46 414.72 498.39 582.64 667.69 753.74 841.04 929.89 1020.82 1114.59 1212.47 1316.58 1431.05 1567.42 1610.45 15.04 97.97 180.75 263.65 346.79 430.26 514.17 598.70 684.07 770.48 858.18 947.52 1038.99 1133.41 1232.09 1337.23 1453.13 1591.88 3.6847 0.0004 0.2934 0.5665 0.8231 1.0655 1.2954 1.5144 1.7241 1.9259 2.1209 2.3103 2.4952 2.6770 2.8575 3.0392 3.2259 3.4246 3.6545 0.002035 0.000990 0.000993 0.000999 0.001008 0.001020 0.001034 0.001050 0.001068 0.001089 0.001112 0.001139 0.001169 0.001205 0.001246 0.001297 0.001360 0.001444 0.001568 0.001823

20000 kPa (365.81 C) 1785.47 0.20 82.75 165.15 247.66 330.38 413.37 496.75 580.67 665.34 750.94 837.70 925.89 1015.94 1108.53 1204.69 1306.10 1415.66 1539.64 1702.78 1826.18 20.00 102.61 185.14 267.82 350.78 434.04 517.74 602.03 687.11 773.18 860.47 949.27 1040.04 1133.45 1230.62 1333.29 1444.53 1571.01 1739.23 4.0137 0.0004 0.2922 0.5646 0.8205 1.0623 1.2917 1.5101 1.7192 1.9203 2.1146 2.3031 2.4869 2.6673 2.8459 3.0248 3.2071 3.3978 3.6074 3.8770

30000 kPa 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 0.000986 0.000989 0.000995 0.001004 0.001016 0.001029 0.001044 0.001062 0.001082 0.001105 0.001130 0.001159 0.001192 0.001230 0.001275 0.001330 0.001400 0.001492 0.001627 0.001869 0.25 82.16 164.01 246.03 328.28 410.76 493.58 576.86 660.81 745.57 831.34 918.32 1006.84 1097.38 1190.69 1287.89 1390.64 1501.71 1626.57 1781.35 29.82 111.82 193.87 276.16 358.75 441.63 524.91 608.73 693.27 778.71 865.24 953.09 1042.60 1134.29 1228.96 1327.80 1432.63 1546.47 1675.36 1837.43 0.0001 0.2898 0.5606 0.8153 1.0561 1.2844 1.5017 1.7097 1.9095 2.1024 2.2892 2.4710 2.6489 2.8242 2.9985 3.1740 3.3538 3.5425 3.7492 4.0010 0.000977 0.000980 0.000987 0.000996 0.001007 0.001020 0.001035 0.001052 0.001070 0.001091 0.001115 0.001141 0.001170 0.001203 0.001242 0.001286 0.001339 0.001403 0.001484 0.001588

50000 kPa 0.20 80.98 161.84 242.96 324.32 405.86 487.63 569.76 652.39 735.68 819.73 904.67 990.69 1078.06 1167.19 1258.66 1353.23 1451.91 1555.97 1667.13 49.03 130.00 211.20 292.77 374.68 456.87 539.37 622.33 705.91 790.24 875.46 961.71 1049.20 1138.23 1229.26 1322.95 1420.17 1522.07 1630.16 1746.54 0.0014 0.2847 0.5526 0.8051 1.0439 1.2703 1.4857 1.6915 1.8890 2.0793 2.2634 2.4419 2.6158 2.7860 2.9536 3.1200 3.2867 3.4556 3.6290 3.8100

792

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

TABLE B.1.5

Saturated Solid-Saturated Vapor, Water Specic Volume, m3 /kg Temp. ( C) 0.01 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 Press. (kPa) 0.6113 0.6108 0.5177 0.4376 0.3689 0.3102 0.2601 0.2176 0.1815 0.1510 0.1252 0.10355 0.08535 0.07012 0.05741 0.04684 0.03810 0.03090 0.02499 0.02016 0.01618 0.01286 Sat. Solid vi 0.0010908 0.0010908 0.0010905 0.0010901 0.0010898 0.0010894 0.0010891 0.0010888 0.0010884 0.0010881 0.0010878 0.0010874 0.0010871 0.0010868 0.0010864 0.0010861 0.0010858 0.0010854 0.0010851 0.0010848 0.0010844 0.0010841 Evap. vi g 206.152 206.314 241.662 283.798 334.138 394.413 466.756 553.802 658.824 785.906 940.182 1128.112 1357.863 1639.752 1986.775 2415.200 2945.227 3601.822 4416.252 5430.115 6707.021 8366.395 Sat. Vapor vg 206.153 206.315 241.663 283.799 334.139 394.414 466.757 553.803 658.824 785.907 940.183 1128.113 1357.864 1639.753 1986.776 2415.201 2945.228 3601.823 4416.253 5430.116 6707.022 8366.396 Internal Energy, kJ/kg Sat. Solid ui 333.40 333.42 337.61 341.78 345.91 350.02 354.09 358.14 362.16 366.14 370.10 374.03 377.93 381.80 385.64 389.45 393.23 396.98 400.71 404.40 408.06 411.70 Evap. ui g 2708.7 2708.7 2710.2 2711.5 2712.9 2714.2 2715.5 2716.8 2718.0 2719.2 2720.4 2721.6 2722.7 2723.7 2724.8 2725.8 2726.8 2727.8 2728.7 2729.6 2730.5 2731.3 Sat. Vapor ug 2375.3 2375.3 2372.5 2369.8 2367.0 2364.2 2361.4 2358.7 2355.9 2353.1 2350.3 2347.5 2344.7 2342.0 2339.2 2336.4 2333.6 2330.8 2328.0 2325.2 2322.4 2319.6

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

793

TABLE B.1.5 (continued ) Saturated Solid-Saturated Vapor, Water

Enthalpy, kJ/kg Temp. ( C) 0.01 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 Press. (kPa) 0.6113 0.6108 0.5177 0.4376 0.3689 0.3102 0.2601 0.2176 0.1815 0.1510 0.1252 0.10355 0.08535 0.07012 0.05741 0.04684 0.03810 0.03090 0.02499 0.02016 0.01618 0.01286 Sat. Solid hi 333.40 333.42 337.61 341.78 345.91 350.02 354.09 358.14 362.16 366.14 370.10 374.03 377.93 381.80 385.64 389.45 393.23 396.98 400.71 404.40 408.06 411.70 Evap. hi g 2834.7 2834.8 2835.3 2835.7 2836.2 2836.6 2837.0 2837.3 2837.6 2837.9 2838.2 2838.4 2838.6 2838.7 2838.9 2839.0 2839.0 2839.1 2839.1 2839.1 2839.0 2838.9 Sat. Vapor hg 2501.3 2501.3 2497.6 2494.0 2490.3 2486.6 2482.9 2479.2 2475.5 2471.8 2468.1 2464.3 2460.6 2456.9 2453.2 2449.5 2445.8 2442.1 2438.4 2434.7 2431.0 2427.2 Sat. Solid si 1.2210 1.2211 1.2369 1.2526 1.2683 1.2839 1.2995 1.3150 1.3306 1.3461 1.3617 1.3772 1.3928 1.4083 1.4239 1.4394 1.4550 1.4705 1.4860 1.5014 1.5168 1.5321

Entropy, kJ/kg-K Evap. si g 10.3772 10.3776 10.4562 10.5358 10.6165 10.6982 10.7809 10.8648 10.9498 11.0359 11.1233 11.2120 11.3020 11.3935 11.4864 11.5808 11.6765 11.7733 11.8713 11.9704 12.0714 12.1768 Sat. Vapor sg 9.1562 9.1565 9.2193 9.2832 9.3482 9.4143 9.4815 9.5498 9.6192 9.6898 9.7616 9.8348 9.9093 9.9852 10.0625 10.1413 10.2215 10.3028 10.3853 10.4690 10.5546 10.6447

794TABLE B.2

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

Thermodynamic Properties of AmmoniaTABLE B.2.1

Saturated Ammonia Specic Volume, m3 /kg Temp. ( C) 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 132.3 Press. (kPa) 40.9 54.5 71.7 93.2 119.5 151.6 190.2 236.3 290.9 354.9 429.6 515.9 615.2 728.6 857.5 1003.2 1167.0 1350.4 1554.9 1782.0 2033.1 2310.1 2614.4 2947.8 3312.0 3709.0 4140.5 4608.6 5115.3 5662.9 6253.7 6890.4 7575.7 8313.3 9107.2 9963.5 10891.6 11333.2 Sat. Liquid vf 0.001424 0.001437 0.001450 0.001463 0.001476 0.001490 0.001504 0.001519 0.001534 0.001550 0.001566 0.001583 0.001600 0.001619 0.001638 0.001658 0.001680 0.001702 0.001725 0.001750 0.001777 0.001804 0.001834 0.001866 0.001900 0.001937 0.001978 0.002022 0.002071 0.002126 0.002188 0.002261 0.002347 0.002452 0.002589 0.002783 0.003122 0.004255 Evap. vfg 2.62557 2.00489 1.55111 1.21466 0.96192 0.76970 0.62184 0.50686 0.41655 0.34493 0.28763 0.24140 0.20381 0.17300 0.14758 0.12647 0.10881 0.09397 0.08141 0.07073 0.06159 0.05375 0.04697 0.04109 0.03597 0.03148 0.02753 0.02404 0.02093 0.01815 0.01565 0.01337 0.01128 0.00933 0.00744 0.00554 0.00337 0 Sat. Vapor vg 2.62700 2.00632 1.55256 1.21613 0.96339 0.77119 0.62334 0.50838 0.41808 0.34648 0.28920 0.24299 0.20541 0.17462 0.14922 0.12813 0.11049 0.09567 0.08313 0.07248 0.06337 0.05555 0.04880 0.04296 0.03787 0.03341 0.02951 0.02606 0.02300 0.02028 0.01784 0.01564 0.01363 0.01178 0.01003 0.00833 0.00649 0.00426 Internal Energy, kJ/kg Sat. Liquid uf 43.82 22.01 0.10 21.93 44.08 66.36 88.76 111.30 133.96 156.76 179.69 202.77 225.99 249.36 272.89 296.59 320.46 344.50 368.74 393.19 417.87 442.79 467.99 493.51 519.39 545.70 572.50 599.90 627.99 656.95 686.96 718.30 751.37 786.82 825.77 870.69 929.29 1037.62 Evap. ufg 1309.1 1293.5 1277.6 1261.3 1244.8 1227.9 1210.7 1193.2 1175.2 1157.0 1138.3 1119.2 1099.7 1079.7 1059.3 1038.4 1016.9 994.9 972.2 948.9 924.8 899.9 874.2 847.4 819.5 790.4 759.9 727.8 693.7 657.4 618.4 575.9 529.1 476.2 414.5 337.7 226.9 0 Sat. Vapor ug 1265.2 1271.4 1277.4 1283.3 1288.9 1294.3 1299.5 1304.5 1309.2 1313.7 1318.0 1322.0 1325.7 1329.1 1332.2 1335.0 1337.4 1339.4 1341.0 1342.1 1342.7 1342.7 1342.1 1340.9 1338.9 1336.1 1332.4 1327.7 1321.7 1314.4 1305.3 1294.2 1280.5 1263.1 1240.3 1208.4 1156.2 1037.6

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

795

TABLE B.2.1 (continued ) Saturated Ammonia

Enthalpy, kJ/kg Temp. ( C) 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 132.3 Press. (kPa) 40.9 54.5 71.7 93.2 119.5 151.6 190.2 236.3 290.9 354.9 429.6 515.9 615.2 728.6 857.5 1003.2 1167.0 1350.4 1554.9 1782.0 2033.1 2310.1 2614.4 2947.8 3312.0 3709.0 4140.5 4608.6 5115.3 5662.9 6253.7 6890.4 7575.7 8313.3 9107.2 9963.5 10892 11333 Sat. Liquid hf 43.76 21.94 0 22.06 44.26 66.58 89.05 111.66 134.41 157.31 180.36 203.58 226.97 250.54 274.30 298.25 322.42 346.80 371.43 396.31 421.48 446.96 472.79 499.01 525.69 552.88 580.69 609.21 638.59 668.99 700.64 733.87 769.15 807.21 849.36 898.42 963.29 1085.85 Evap. hfg 1416.3 1402.8 1388.8 1374.5 1359.8 1344.6 1329.0 1312.9 1296.4 1279.4 1261.8 1243.7 1225.1 1205.8 1185.9 1165.2 1143.9 1121.8 1098.8 1074.9 1050.0 1024.1 997.0 968.5 938.7 907.2 873.9 838.6 800.8 760.2 716.2 668.1 614.6 553.8 482.3 393.0 263.7 0 Sat. Vapor hg 1372.6 1380.8 1388.8 1396.5 1404.0 1411.2 1418.0 1424.6 1430.8 1436.7 1442.2 1447.3 1452.0 1456.3 1460.2 1463.5 1466.3 1468.6 1470.2 1471.2 1471.5 1471.0 1469.7 1467.5 1464.4 1460.1 1454.6 1447.8 1439.4 1429.2 1416.9 1402.0 1383.7 1361.0 1331.7 1291.4 1227.0 1085.9 Sat. Liquid sf 0.1916 0.0950 0 0.0935 0.1856 0.2763 0.3657 0.4538 0.5408 0.6266 0.7114 0.7951 0.8779 0.9598 1.0408 1.1210 1.2005 1.2792 1.3574 1.4350 1.5121 1.5888 1.6652 1.7415 1.8178 1.8943 1.9712 2.0488 2.1273 2.2073 2.2893 2.3740 2.4625 2.5566 2.6593 2.7775 2.9326 3.2316

Entropy, kJ/kg-K Evap. sfg 6.3470 6.1484 5.9567 5.7715 5.5922 5.4185 5.2498 5.0859 4.9265 4.7711 4.6195 4.4715 4.3266 4.1846 4.0452 3.9083 3.7734 3.6403 3.5088 3.3786 3.2493 3.1208 2.9925 2.8642 2.7354 2.6058 2.4746 2.3413 2.2051 2.0650 1.9195 1.7667 1.6040 1.4267 1.2268 0.9870 0.6540 0 Sat. Vapor sg 6.1554 6.0534 5.9567 5.8650 5.7778 5.6947 5.6155 5.5397 5.4673 5.3977 5.3309 5.2666 5.2045 5.1444 5.0860 5.0293 4.9738 4.9196 4.8662 4.8136 4.7614 4.7095 4.6577 4.6057 4.3533 4.5001 4.4458 4.3901 4.3325 4.2723 4.2088 4.1407 4.0665 3.9833 3.8861 3.7645 3.5866 3.2316

796

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

TABLE B.2.2 (continued ) Superheated Ammonia

Temp. ( C)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

50 kPa (46.53 C) Sat. 30 20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 2.1752 2.3448 2.4463 2.5471 2.6474 2.7472 2.8466 2.9458 3.0447 3.1435 3.2421 3.3406 3.4390 3.6355 3.8318 4.0280 4.2240 4.4199 4.6157 1269.6 1296.2 1312.3 1328.4 1344.5 1360.7 1377.0 1393.3 1409.8 1426.3 1443.0 1459.9 1476.9 1511.4 1546.6 1582.5 1619.2 1656.7 1694.9 1378.3 1413.4 1434.6 1455.7 1476.9 1498.1 1519.3 1540.6 1562.0 1583.5 1605.1 1626.9 1648.8 1693.2 1738.2 1783.9 1830.4 1877.7 1925.7 6.0839 6.2333 6.3187 6.4006 6.4795 6.5556 6.6293 6.7008 6.7703 6.8379 6.9038 6.9682 7.0312 7.1533 7.2708 7.3842 7.4941 7.6008 7.7045 1.1381 1.1573 1.2101 1.2621 1.3136 1.3647 1.4153 1.4657 1.5158 1.5658 1.6156 1.6653 1.7148 1.8137 1.9124 2.0109 2.1093 2.2075 2.3057

100 kPa (33.60 C) 1284.9 1291.0 1307.8 1324.6 1341.3 1357.9 1374.5 1391.2 1407.9 1424.7 1441.5 1458.5 1475.6 1510.3 1545.7 1581.7 1618.5 1656.0 1694.3 1398.7 1406.7 1428.8 1450.8 1472.6 1494.4 1516.1 1537.7 1559.5 1581.2 1603.1 1625.1 1647.1 1691.7 1736.9 1782.8 1829.4 1876.8 1924.9 5.8401 5.8734 5.9626 6.0477 6.1291 6.2073 6.2826 6.3553 6.4258 6.4943 6.5609 6.6258 6.6892 6.8120 6.9300 7.0439 7.1540 7.2609 7.3648

150 kPa (25.22 C) Sat. 20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 0.7787 0.7977 0.8336 0.8689 0.9037 0.9382 0.9723 1.0062 1.0398 1.0734 1.1068 1.1401 1.2065 1.2726 1.3386 1.4044 1.4701 1.5357 1.6013 1294.1 1303.3 1320.7 1337.9 1355.0 1372.0 1389.0 1406.0 1423.0 1440.0 1457.2 1474.4 1509.3 1544.8 1580.9 1617.8 1655.4 1693.7 1732.9 1410.9 1422.9 1445.7 1468.3 1490.6 1512.8 1534.9 1556.9 1578.9 1601.0 1623.2 1645.4 1690.2 1735.6 1781.7 1828.4 1875.9 1924.1 1973.1 5.6983 5.7465 5.8349 5.9189 5.9992 6.0761 6.1502 6.2217 6.2910 6.3583 6.4238 6.4877 6.6112 6.7297 6.8439 6.9544 7.0615 7.1656 7.2670 0.5946 0.6193 0.6465 0.6732 0.6995 0.7255 0.7513 0.7769 0.8023 0.8275 0.8527 0.9028 0.9527 1.0024 1.0519 1.1014 1.1507 1.2000

200 kPa (18.86 C) 1300.6 1316.7 1334.5 1352.1 1369.5 1386.8 1404.0 1421.3 1438.5 1455.8 1473.1 1508.2 1543.8 1580.1 1617.0 1654.7 1693.2 1732.4 1419.6 1440.6 1463.8 1486.8 1509.4 1531.9 1554.3 1576.6 1598.9 1621.3 1643.7 1688.8 1734.4 1780.6 1827.4 1875.0 1923.3 1972.4 5.5979 5.6791 5.7659 5.8484 5.9270 6.0025 6.0751 6.1453 6.2133 6.2794 6.3437 6.4679 6.5869 6.7015 6.8123 6.9196 7.0239 7.1255

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

797

TABLE B.2.2 (continued ) Superheated Ammonia

Temp. ( C)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

300 kPa (9.24 C) Sat. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 0.40607 0.42382 0.44251 0.46077 0.47870 0.49636 0.51382 0.53111 0.54827 0.56532 0.59916 0.63276 0.66618 0.69946 0.73263 0.76572 0.79872 0.83167 0.86455 1309.9 1327.5 1346.1 1364.4 1382.3 1400.1 1417.8 1435.4 1453.0 1470.6 1506.1 1542.0 1578.5 1615.6 1653.4 1692.0 1731.3 1771.4 1812.2 1431.7 1454.7 1478.9 1502.6 1526.0 1549.0 1571.9 1594.7 1617.5 1640.2 1685.8 1731.8 1778.3 1825.4 1873.2 1921.7 1970.9 2020.9 2071.6 5.4565 5.5420 5.6290 5.7113 5.7896 5.8645 5.9365 6.0060 6.0732 6.1385 6.2642 6.3842 6.4996 6.6109 6.7188 6.8235 6.9254 7.0247 7.1217 0.30942 0.31227 0.32701 0.34129 0.35520 0.36884 0.38226 0.39550 0.40860 0.42160 0.44732 0.47279 0.49808 0.52323 0.54827 0.57321 0.59809 0.62289 0.64764

400 kPa (1.89 C) 1316.4 1320.2 1339.9 1359.1 1377.7 1396.1 1414.2 1432.2 1450.1 1468.0 1503.9 1540.1 1576.8 1614.1 1652.1 1690.8 1730.3 1770.5 1811.4 1440.2 1445.1 1470.7 1495.6 1519.8 1543.6 1567.1 1590.4 1613.6 1636.7 1682.8 1729.2 1776.0 1823.4 1871.4 1920.1 1969.5 2019.6 2070.5 5.3559 5.3741 5.4663 5.5525 5.6338 5.7111 5.7850 5.8560 5.9244 5.9907 6.1179 6.2390 6.3552 6.4671 6.5755 6.6806 6.7828 6.8825 6.9797

500 kPa (4.13 C) Sat. 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 0.25035 0.25757 0.26949 0.28103 0.29227 0.30328 0.31410 0.32478 0.33535 0.35621 0.37681 0.39722 0.41748 0.43764 0.45771 0.47770 0.49763 0.51749 1321.3 1333.5 1353.6 1373.0 1392.0 1410.6 1429.0 1447.3 1465.4 1501.7 1538.2 1575.2 1612.7 1650.8 1689.6 1729.2 1769.5 1810.6 1446.5 1462.3 1488.3 1513.5 1538.1 1562.2 1586.1 1609.6 1633.1 1679.8 1726.6 1773.8 1821.4 1869.6 1918.5 1968.1 2018.3 2069.3 5.2776 5.3340 5.4244 5.5090 5.5889 5.6647 5.7373 5.8070 5.8744 6.0031 6.1253 6.2422 6.3548 6.4636 6.5691 6.6717 6.7717 6.8692 0.21038 0.21115 0.22154 0.23152 0.24118 0.25059 0.25981 0.26888 0.27783 0.29545 0.31281 0.32997 0.34699 0.36389 0.38071 0.39745 0.41412 0.43073

600 kPa (9.28 C) 1325.2 1326.7 1347.9 1368.2 1387.8 1406.9 1425.7 1444.3 1462.8 1499.5 1536.3 1573.5 1611.2 1649.5 1688.5 1728.2 1768.6 1809.8 1451.4 1453.4 1480.8 1507.1 1532.5 1557.3 1581.6 1605.7 1629.5 1676.8 1724.0 1771.5 1819.4 1867.8 1916.9 1966.6 2017.0 2068.2 5.2133 5.2205 5.3156 5.4037 5.4862 5.5641 5.6383 5.7094 5.7778 5.9081 6.0314 6.1491 6.2623 6.3717 6.4776 6.5806 6.6808 6.7786

798

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

TABLE B.2.2 (continued ) Superheated Ammonia

Temp. ( C)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

800 kPa (17.85 C) Sat. 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 0.15958 0.16138 0.16947 0.17720 0.18465 0.19189 0.19896 0.20590 0.21949 0.23280 0.24590 0.25886 0.27170 0.28445 0.29712 0.30973 0.32228 0.33477 0.34722 1330.9 1335.8 1358.0 1379.0 1399.3 1419.0 1438.3 1457.4 1495.0 1532.5 1570.1 1608.2 1646.8 1686.1 1726.0 1766.7 1808.1 1850.2 1893.1 1458.6 1464.9 1493.5 1520.8 1547.0 1572.5 1597.5 1622.1 1670.6 1718.7 1766.9 1815.3 1864.2 1913.6 1963.7 2014.5 2065.9 2118.0 2170.9 5.1110 5.1328 5.2287 5.3171 5.3996 5.4774 5.5513 5.6219 5.7555 5.8811 6.0006 6.1150 6.2254 6.3322 6.4358 6.5367 6.6350 6.7310 6.8248 0.12852 0.13206 0.13868 0.14499 0.15106 0.15695 0.16270 0.17389 0.18477 0.19545 0.20597 0.21638 0.22669 0.23693 0.24710 0.25720 0.26726 0.27726

1000 kPa (24.90 C) 1334.9 1347.1 1369.8 1391.3 1412.1 1432.2 1451.9 1490.5 1528.6 1566.8 1605.2 1644.2 1683.7 1723.9 1764.8 1806.4 1848.8 1891.8 1463.4 1479.1 1508.5 1536.3 1563.1 1589.1 1614.6 1664.3 1713.4 1762.2 1811.2 1860.5 1910.4 1960.8 2011.9 2063.6 2116.0 2169.1 5.0304 5.0826 5.1778 5.2654 5.3471 5.4240 5.4971 5.6342 5.7622 5.8834 5.9992 6.1105 6.2182 6.3226 6.4241 6.5229 6.6194 6.7137

1200 kPa (30.94 C) Sat. 40 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 0.10751 0.11287 0.11846 0.12378 0.12890 0.13387 0.14347 0.15275 0.16181 0.17071 0.17950 0.18819 0.19680 0.20534 0.21382 0.22225 0.23063 0.23897 1337.8 1360.0 1383.0 1404.8 1425.8 1446.2 1485.8 1524.7 1563.3 1602.2 1641.5 1681.3 1721.8 1762.9 1804.7 1847.3 1890.6 1934.6 1466.8 1495.4 1525.1 1553.3 1580.5 1606.8 1658.0 1708.0 1757.5 1807.1 1856.9 1907.1 1957.9 2009.3 2061.3 2114.0 2167.3 2221.3 4.9635 5.0564 5.1497 5.2357 5.3159 5.3916 5.5325 5.6631 5.7860 5.9031 6.0156 6.1241 6.2292 6.3313 6.4308 6.5278 6.6225 6.7151 0.09231 0.09432 0.09942 0.10423 0.10882 0.11324 0.12172 0.12986 0.13777 0.14552 0.15315 0.16068 0.16813 0.17551 0.18283 0.19010 0.19732 0.20450

1400 kPa (36.26 C) 1339.8 1349.5 1374.2 1397.2 1419.2 1440.3 1481.0 1520.7 1559.9 1599.2 1638.8 1678.9 1719.6 1761.0 1803.0 1845.8 1889.3 1933.5 1469.0 1481.6 1513.4 1543.1 1571.5 1598.8 1651.4 1702.5 1752.8 1802.9 1853.2 1903.8 1955.0 2006.7 2059.0 2111.9 2165.5 2219.8 4.9060 4.9463 5.0462 5.1370 5.2209 5.2994 5.4443 5.5775 5.7023 5.8208 5.9343 6.0437 6.1495 6.2523 6.3523 6.4498 6.5450 6.6380

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES

799

TABLE B.2.2 (continued ) Superheated Ammonia

Temp. ( C)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

v (m3 /kg)

u (kJ/kg)

h (kJ/kg)

s (kJ/kg-K)

1600 kPa (41.03 C) Sat. 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 0.08079 0.08506 0.08951 0.09372 0.09774 0.10539 0.11268 0.11974 0.12662 0.13339 0.14005 0.14663 0.15314 0.15959 0.16599 0.17234 0.17865 0.18492 0.19115 1341.2 1364.9 1389.3 1412.3 1434.3 1476.2 1516.6 1556.4 1596.1 1636.1 1676.5 1717.4 1759.0 1801.3 1844.3 1888.0 1932.4 1977.5 2023.3 1470.5 1501.0 1532.5 1562.3 1590.6 1644.8 1696.9 1748.0 1798.7 1849.5 1900.5 1952.0 2004.1 2056.7 2109.9 2163.7 2218.2 2273.4 2329.1 4.8553 4.9510 5.0472 5.1351 5.2167 5.3659 5.5018 5.6286 5.7485 5.8631 5.9734 6.0800 6.1834 6.2839 6.3819 6.4775 6.5710 6.6624 6.7519 0.06444 0.06471 0.06875 0.07246 0.07595 0.08248 0.08861 0.09447 0.10016 0.10571 0.11116 0.11652 0.12182 0.12705 0.13224 0.13737 0.14246 0.14751 0.15253

2000 kPa (49.37 C) 1342.6 1344.5 1372.3 1397.8 1421.6 1466.1 1508.3 1549.3 1589.9 1630.6 1671.6 1713.1 1755.2 1797.9 1841.3 1885.4 1930.2 1975.6 2021.8 1471.5 1473.9 1509.8 1542.7 1573.5 1631.1 1685.5 1738.2 1790.2 1842.0 1893.9 1946.1 1998.8 2052.0 2105.8 2160.1 2215.1 2270.7 2326.8 4.7680 4.7754 4.8848 4.9821 5.0707 5.2294 5.3714 5.5022 5.6251 5.7420 5.8540 5.9621 6.0668 6.1685 6.2675 6.3641 6.4583 6.5505 6.6406

5000 kPa (88.90 C) Sat. 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 0.02365 0.02636 0.03024 0.03350 0.03643 0.03916 0.04174 0.04422 0.04662 0.04895 0.05123 0.05346 0.05565 0.05779 0.05990 0.06198 0.06403 0.06606 0.06806 1323.2 1369.7 1435.1 1489.8 1539.5 1586.9 1633.1 1678.9 1724.8 1770.9 1817.4 1864.5 1912.1 1960.3 2009.1 2058.5 2108.4 2159.0 2210.1 1441.4 1501.5 1586.3 1657.3 1721.7 1782.7 1841.8 1900.0 1957.9 2015.6 2073.6 2131.8 2190.3 2249.2 2308.6 2368.4 2428.6 2489.3 2550.4 4.3454 4.5091 4.7306 4.9068 5.0591 5.1968 5.3245 5.4450 5.5600 5.6704 5.7771 5.8805 5.9809 6.0786 6.1738 6.2668 6.3576 6.4464 6.5334 0.00826 0.01195 0.01461 0.01666 0.01842 0.02001 0.02150 0.02290 0.02424 0.02552 0.02676 0.02796 0.02913 0.03026 0.03137 0.03245 0.03351

10000 kPa (125.20 C) 1206.8 1341.8 1432.2 1500.6 1560.3 1615.8 1669.2 1721.6 1773.6 1825.5 1877.