"Streamflow (Stream Flowrate) Measurement By Means Of A "3-Inch "U.S.G.S."...

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    22-Jul-2015
  • Category

    Education

  • view

    85
  • download

    2

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of "Streamflow (Stream Flowrate) Measurement By Means Of A "3-Inch "U.S.G.S."...

  • 3 U.S.G.S. Modified Portable Parshall Flume (Improved Version)Thomas . PapalaskarisCivil Engineer A.U.Th.MSc. In Management of Water ResourcesIn the Mediterranean Moments from First Time Implementation In Greece & outside U.S.A. [with water leakage eliminated all around the flume at very low-flow (water scarcity) conditions](Granitis Drama Northern Greece 2013.06.16)Photos taken & overall assistance byIordanis Kasapides (Forester) & Kostas Kasapides

  • & - DEPARTMENT of FORESTRY & NATURAL ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT DRAMA - GREECEDEPARTAMENTO de INGENIERIA FORESTAL de MONTES DRAMA - GRECIA

  • Water Resources Governing Laws during the ancient agesPerino del Vaga, c. 1541 Solon giving his laws to the Athenians. .National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

    Poet, philosopher, statesman

    [23.5] ' , ' , , , : ' : , : ' , : , . ' , [23.6] , . , , . , , : ' .Professor: Emmanuel Andreadakis

  • Perino del Vaga, c. 1541 , ,

    (, , 23):

    , , , , , 740 , 18,50 , , 1,50 , , 2,70 , , , , , , , 90 . Solon giving his laws to the Athenians. .National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

    :

  • Water Resources Governing Laws during the ancient agesPerino del Vaga, c. 1541 Poet, philosopher, statesman

    Solons law segment making reference to the specified distances should be kept between new drilling and both private and public already existing drilled water well (, , 23):

    Owing to the fact there hasnt been either perennial rivers, or lakes, or even abundant springs throughout the country, but instead most of the inhabitants used to get water by artificially constructed wells, he wrote a law, to use a public well, where existed within a radius of 740 metreson the contrary, where a public not existed, to construct (drill) a new themselvesif they didnt discover water within a depth of 18,50 metres, then they had to get a hydria twice a day from their neighbors owned waterhe also defined certain clearances to be kept between the cropsordering that whoever planted whatever else to make sure a clearance of 1,50 metres had been kept between the new crop and the neighbors pre-existent one, and whoever planted either a fig-tree or an olive-tree, should be as much distant as to 2,70 metres, due to the fact that their root system network reached further and subtracted the necessary nutrients from the neighboring trees, or they harmed them via their drippingsand whoever desired to install new cesspits and wastewater disposal trenches, then they should be distant between each other as much as the installed depth they reached, and whoever established an settled new beehives outdoors, to make certain a clearance of 90 metres between them and the neighboring pre-existent ones had been kept . Solon giving his laws to the Athenians. .National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

    Professor: Emmanuel Andreadakis

  • Of even greater importancethan land is waterAristotle 384 - 322 BCProfessor: Thomas Spanos

  • , ,

    1564-1642We have to measure whatever is measurable and set measurable whatever it isnt

    Galileo Galilei 1564-1642

  • Inspired by & especially dedicated to :Prof. Emmanouloudis A. Dimitrios (President-Forest Engineer-Hydrologist Adaptive Watershed Management Specialist)Dr. Zaimes N. George (Forest Engineer-Hydrologist-Riparian Areas Management & Conservation Specialist)Dr. Iakovoglou Valasia (Eco-Hydrologist)Dr. Papadopoulos N. Antonios (Wood Chemist & Technologist)Prof. Kazana Vasiliki (Forester-Natural Resources Management & Economics)Dr. Ioannou Konstantinos (G.I.S., HEC-RAS & Hydrologic Models Specialist)

  • Inspired by & especially dedicated to :Prof. Katopodes Nikolaos (President-Civil & Environmental Engineer-Hydrologist)Dr. Merou Theodora (Forester-Rangeland Ecologist)Prof. Koutitas Christoforos (Civil Engineer-Coastal, Marine & Water Resources Engineering Specialist)Dr. Kaziolas Dimitrios (Civil Engineer)Prof. Lazaridou-Athanasiadou G. Martha (Agriculture Scientist-Range Ecologist)

  • Prof. Maditinos I. Dimitrios (Business Administration, Informatics & Information Systems, Finance & Financial Modelling)Dr. Kalabouka Kalliopi (Lawyer-Water Law & Policy Specialist)Prof. Garcia Rodriguez Jose Luis (Forest & Hydraulics Engineer-Hydrologist)Anderson-Madytianou Anna (MSc. In Finance & Financial Information Systems Secretary of the MSc. In Management of Water Resources in the Mediterranean)ESP. Lctr. Perdiki Fotini (Developping English Skills For Academic Studies)Inspired by & especially dedicated to :

  • Prof. Xoplaki Elena (Implication of Climate Change on Water Resources today and in the future)Inspired by & especially dedicated to :Prof. Apostolidou Elena (The future of Water Management Green Technologies & Desalination Techniques)Dr. Vythoulkas George (Mechanical Engineer Solar & Wind Energy Generation Desalination Techniques)Dr. Iordanou Gregory (Mechanical Engineer Solar & Wind Energy Generation - Desalination Techniques)Prof. Avtzis Nikolaos (Forester Biologist - Forest Entomology Specialist)

  • Dr. Tsiftsis Spyros (Forester Biologist Botany Specialist)Inspired by & especially dedicated to :Prof. Takos ioannis (Forester Forest Ecologist)Prof. Demetriades Efstathios (MathematicianStatistics-Business Administration)Prof. Mitkidou Sofia (Chemistry Specialist)Prof. Spanos Thomas (Chemistry Specialist)

  • Inspired by & especially dedicated to :Kosmides Panagiotis (Forester)

    Kampanis Kampanis (Forester)

    Bar Managers in the

    Department of Forestry & Natural

    Environment Management Drama

    best quality coffee, snacks and

    sweets, at the best prices, as

    much as that provide the best

    ideas for innovations to the

    students

  • Paraskevopoulos Ioannis - CarpenterAmygdaleonas Kavala - GreeceThe 3-Inch U.S.G.S. Modified Portable Parshall Flume under construction

  • Father of the Flume:

    Ralph L. Parshall

    Civil & Irrigation Engineer

    (he invented it in Colorado U.S.A. in 1922)

    Ralph Parshall, taking Flume measurements (Copyright 1946 CSU/Photography and Digital Imaging)

    Diverging sectionConventional Parshall Flume

  • Installing a modified Parshall flume designed by the U.S.G.S.(modified 3-inch Parshall flume made of sheet iron)A modified Parshall flume was designed by

    C. A. Taylor and H. C . Troxell in 1931

    (fig. on the left) and is virtually the same as

    the conventional Parshall, except that it

    does not have a diverging section and is

    used only under free-flow conditions.Diverging section is missing (being removed)

  • Emmet McGuire, a hydrologic technician with United States Geological Survey (U.S.G.S.), levels a 3-Inches portable modified Parshall flume, to check on the flow of the San Pedro River near the agencys Charleston gauge (Bill Hess-Herald/Review).

    (Check the link): http://gallery.usgs.gov/videos/212.

  • Thomas K. Papalaskaris introduced & implemented it first time in Granitis village-Drama Greece in 2013. Unpacking and unloading the 3-Inch U.S.G.S. Modified Portable Rarshall Flume

  • to install the 3-Inch U.S.G.S. Modified Portable Rarshall FlumeOpening way in the virgin forest, investigating for the most appropriate site

  • Konstantinos Kasapides (Father of Iordanis Kasapides)

  • Konstantinos Kasapides (Father of Iordanis Kasapides) Extracting soil by means of a shovel to pack the flume all around (sides and underneath)

  • Levelling the flume lengthwise (longitudinally) and crosswise (laterally) by means of a spirit level

  • Small earth dam construction by means of riparian soilin order to provide raising in elevation to the flume with the view to ensure free flow conditions at the flumes exit at all time

  • The water flow through the flume commences

  • Iordanis Kasapides Forester (Graduate of Department of Forestry - Drama)

  • Levelling the flume lengthwise (longitudinally) and crosswise (laterally) by means of a spirit level

  • Leakage not only minimized but absolutely eliminated all around the flume (under & beside)

  • Streamflow Rate (Discharge): 0.75ltrs/sec (2.70m3/hour)Rating Table

  • Stilling Well (calibrated all around)

  • MSc. - We are tough we are discipline we are the Civil Engineers of the MSc. of the Department of Forestry - DramaC I V I L E N G I N E E R I N G

    We Construct the World

  • Thanks for your attention !

    ***