Spins, Moments and Charge Radii Beyond 48 Ca INTC-P-313
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Status of IS484 - Moments, spins and radii of the potassium isotopes.
Spins, Moments and Charge Radii Beyond 48Ca
INTC-P-313M.L. Bissell- On behalf of COLLAPSBackground
Program initiated with IS-484 - Ground-state properties of K-isotopes from laser and -NMR spectroscopy
Extended with I-117 - Moments, Spins and Charge Radii Beyond 48Ca.
Substantial theoretical interest and recent developments encourage us to bring forward part of this programNew magic numbers N = 32, 34
Whilst -decay spectroscopy, deep inelastic scattering and Coulomb-excitation experiments have all provided evidence for a sub-shell closure at N=32, no direct experimental evidence exists for such a closure at N=34.Maierbeck et al., Phys. Lett. B 675, 22 (2009)-> 55Ti has a 1/2 ground state. GXPF1A predicts this , KB3G predicts 5/2 A.Gade, T. Glasmacher, Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics 60, 161224 (2008)
54Ca is the key nucleus for a search for the new magic number N=34.Ca: An ideal testing ground for theory
Gaute Hagen (Oak Ridge) :
I think it would really great idea for a proposal to measure the neutron rich calciums. We can within coupled-cluster theory compute radii, masses, spectra and moments of 39,40,41,47,48,49,51,50,52,53,54,55,59,60,61Ca. So basically its only a few calciums we cannot compute at the moment. To have experiments measure radii and moments of the n-Ca would be of really huge interest for the theory community and provide tests for ab-initio approaches.4Ca: An ideal testing ground for theory
Existing charge radii of Ca are probably the most theoretically investigated of any isotopic chain:
I.Talami, Nucl. Phys. A 423, 189 (1984)
-> Linear + Parabolic + OES
Each of these terms related to particular components of the interaction used. 5Charge radii beyond 48Ca
Fe -> Normal OES Mn -> Downturn at N=31 but could be just OES. IS-508 will extend this beyond N=32 K -> Preliminary results indicate a downturn at N=32. Statistics to be improved. Only old SC yields available on the database:
49Ca2.5x105 /uC Old design UCx49Ca1.4x107 /uC Ta (Should be equivalent to new UCx)
51Ca1.0x104 /uCTa powder (last yield measurements for 51K claimed we had approximately equal amount of K and Ca)
52Ca1.0x102 /uC T. Stora- Yield will be 1 order of magnitude higher than this. (All yield measurements at the PSB have been in the 1x103 range.)
+ Possible factor of 10 from RILIS Yields
Stage 1 Optical detectionOptical detection efficiency for K improved from 1 : 300 k to 1 in 20 k+ low background .(new) dx / (existing) dx 14For Cd we observed 1 in 6k -> 1 in 4k for CaWhat is possible?Strong ionic J=1/2 to J=3/2 393.4 nm transition.
4 shifts on 52Ca with 1k ions /C
3 Such spectra required to reduce systmatics + 5 shifts for 51Ca+ 1 shift for 49Ca+ 3 offline shifts directly prior to the run for stable measurements.Stage 1 total 18 online shifts + 3 offline.
Stage 2 Radioactive detectionRadioactive detection of Optically pumped ions after state selective Charge exchange (ROC)
The theoretical possibilities:1 ion/s of an even isotope over 5 shifts.An additional 18 shifts 53,54CaWhy is stage 2 stage 2?ROC is not ideally suited to odd cases. We must introduce multiple pumping.
In the previous setup it was not possible to reliably focus both the ion and atom beam onto the detectors. -> Shutdown will be an ideal time to develop this.Summary of RequestStage 1 Investigation of N=3218 shifts with UCx and RILIS prior to shutdown .
Stage 2 Investigation of N=3418 shifts with UCx and RILIS after the shutdown .
CollaborationM. L. Bissell,1 K. Blaum,2 I. Budincevic,1 N.Frmmgen,3 R.F. Garcia Ruiz,1 Ch. Geppert,3 M. Hammen,3 M. Kowalska,4 K. Kreim,2 P. Lievens,5 R. Neugart,3 G. Neyens,1 W. Nrtershuser,3 J. Papuga1, M.M. Rajabali1 and D. T. Yordanov4