Ronald Dworkin - 24 γράμματα / Πολυχώρος Πολιτισμού …Θεόδωρος...

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  • .

    RonaldDworkin

    ...,

    2009

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    RonaldDworkin.

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    1981

    1

    .D. Schlter (Gleichheit) J.Ritter, K.

    Grunder,R.Eisler(Hg.),HistorischesWrterbuchderPhilosophie,Bd.3(GH),Schwabe,Basel,2007,

    . 671. Stephan Gosepath ( Gleichheit/Ungleichheit) Enzyklopdie Philosophie, H. J.

    SANDKHLER (Hg.), (AN), Meiner, Hamburg, 1999, . 501., Jrg Pannier (

    Gleichheit)MezlerPhilosophieLexikon,P.PRECHTLF.P.BURKARD (Hg.),2.Auflage, J.B.Mezler

    Verlag,StuttgartWeimar,1999,.215.

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  • 5

    PhilosophyandPublicAffairs.

    ;1: (What isEquality?Part1:Equality

    ofWelfare)2, ; 2:

    (WhatisEquality?Part2:EqualityofResources)3

    Sovereign Virtue: The

    TheoryandPracticeofEquality4.

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    RonaldDworkin

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    2.RonaldDworkin,What isEquality?Part1:EqualityofWelfare,PhilosophyandPublicAffairs,

    Vol.10,No.3(Summer,1981),pp.185246

    3.RonaldDworkin,WhatisEquality?Part2:EqualityofResources,PhilosophyandPublicAffairs,

    Vol.10,No.4(Autumn,1981),pp.283345

    4 ,

    .

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  • 6

    5.

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    6 7

    .

    8.

    5.RonaldDworkin,(..),,,2006,.91.

    6(asequals)

    (equally) ,

    ,7

    RonaldDworkin.

    (..,,,

    1992),

    1981,

    ,,.

    ,

    .

    ,(constitutive),

    ,

    (derivative),(.47

    . 5 ),

    , .

    .

    ,

    (. 69.).

    .

    .StephenGuest,RonaldDworkin,EdinburghUniversityPress,Edinburgh,1992,.226,

    ,,,,2004,.130.

    7Dworkin.StephenGuest,RonaldDworkin,

    ..,.226255.

    8

    equality of what? .

    Norman Daniels (Equality of What: Welfare, Resources or Capabilities?, Philosophy and

    Phenomenological Research, v. 50, supplement (Autumn, 1990), . 273.)

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  • 7

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    9,

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    , (Equality of Welfare)

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    ,

    ,RonaldDworkin.

    RichardArneson

    G.A.Cohen, ,

    Dworkin,,

    DworkinRawls,

    ,

    Amartya Sen. Alex

    Callinicos(Equality,Polity,Cambridge,2000,.53),

    (primary goods) John Rawls.

    , ,

    (access to advantage) (capability).

    .AmartyaSen,Inequalityreexamined,

    HarvardUniversityPress,1995,.12.,MathiasRisse,WhatEqualityofOpportunityCouldNot

    Be,Ethics,Vol.112,No.4(Jul.,2002),.722.

    9

    . , , , , 2007,

    .61.

    ,

    , ,

    David Miller.

    ,,,

    . . Daniel Hausman, Problemswith Supplyside

    egalitarianism:ErikOlinWright(ed.),Recastingegalitarianism:newrulesforcommunities,states

    andmarkets,Verso,London,1998,.81.

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  • 8

    . ,

    (Equality of Resources)

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    10.RonaldDworkin,,..,.93.

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  • 10

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    18.RonaldDworkin,,..,.102.

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    27.

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  • 15

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  • 16

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  • 18

    40.

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  • 19

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  • 21

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  • 22

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  • 23

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    62RonaldDworkin,,..,.142.

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  • 24

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  • 25

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  • 26

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  • 27

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  • 28

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  • 29

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  • 30

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  • 31

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  • 32

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  • 33

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  • 34

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  • 35

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    104RonaldDworkin,,..,.193.

    105 Dworkin,

    . JohnG. Bennett, Ethics andMarkets, Philosophy and PublicAffairs, v. 14, n. 2

    (Spring1985),.195.StephenGuest,

    RonaldDworkin,..,.236.

    106RonaldDworkin,,..,.195.

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  • 36

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    107.MichaelOtsuka,Liberty,Equality,EnvyandAbstraction:Dworkinandhiscriticswith

    repliesbyDworkin,Blackwell,Malden,2004,.70.

    108RonaldDworkin,,..,.196.

    109RonaldDworkin,,..,.197.

    110

    Philip Green (Equality Since Rawls: Objective Philosophers,

    SubjectiveCitizens,andRationalChoice,TheJournalofPolitics,Vol.47,n.3(Aug.,1985),.979),

    Dworkin ,

    .

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  • 37

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    111RonaldDworkin,,..,.199.

    112LarryAlexanderMaimonSchwarzschildLiberalism,Neutrality,andEquality

    ofWelfarevs.EqualityofResources (PhilosophyandPublicAffairs,Vol.16,No.1 (Winter,1987),

    . 93.)

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  • 38

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    .117

    114Dworkin.

    MaimonSchwarzschild,ConstitutionallawandequalityDennisPatterson(ed.),Acompanionto

    philosophyoflawandlegaltheory,Blackwell,Cambridge,1996,.167.

    115RonaldDworkin,,..,.203.

    116RonaldDworkin,,..,.205.

    117RonaldDworkin,,..,.206.

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  • 39

    118.

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    120.

    (option luck)

    (bruteluck)121.

    .

    118RonaldDworkin,,..,.207.

    119

    .DennisMcKerlie,Equality

    andTime,Ethics,Vol.99,No.3(Apr.,1989),.475.

    120Dworkin,

    (luckegalitarians)..ElisabethS.Anderson,Whatisthepointofequality?,Ethics,v.109,

    n.2(January1999),.290,293.Dworkin,

    Samuel Scheffler (What is

    Egalitarianism?,PhilosophyandPublicAffairs,Vol.31,No.1(Winter,2003),.539),.Ronald

    Dworkin,Equality,LuckandHierarchy,PhilosophyandPublicAffairs,Vol.31,No.2(Spring,2003),

    .190.Scheffler

    SamuelScheffler,EqualityastheVirtueofSovereigns:AReplytoRonaldDworkin,Philosophyand

    PublicAffairs,Vol.31,No.2(Spring,2003),.199.

    121.SusanHurley,LuckandEquality,ProceedingsoftheAristotelianSociety,Supplementary

    Volumes,Vol.75(2001),.51.,

    Cohen.

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  • 40

    122.

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    125.

    122RonaldDworkin,,..,.209.

    123PeterVallentyne(BruteLuck,OptionLuck,andEqualityofInitialOpportunities,

    Ethics,Vol.112,No.3(Apr.,2002),.533)

    (reasonable avoidability),

    .

    124RonaldDworkin,,..,.210.

    125RonaldDworkin,,..,.211.

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  • 41

    126.

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    126RonaldDworkin,,..,.212.

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  • 42

    129.

    ,.

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    130.

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    (threshold),

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    131.

    129.ElisabethS.Anderson,Whatisthepointofequality?,..,.303309,

    . ,

    Dworkin,

    .Michael

    Otsuka, Luck, Insurance and Equality, Ethics, Vol. 113, No. 1, Symposium on Ronald Dworkin's

    "SovereignVirtue"(Oct.,2002),.43.

    130,

    ,

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    Dworkin,,..,.218.12.

    131RonaldDworkin,,..,.219.

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  • 43

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    132.

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    135. 136 132RonaldDworkin,,..,.221.

    133RonaldDworkin,,..,.222.

    134RonaldDworkin,,..,.224.

    135

    .AlexCallinicos(Equality,..,.55.)

    , Dworkin

    Cohen,

    ,

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    (adaptive preferences)134

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  • 44

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    137

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    .,....

    .

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    .

    .ArthurRipstein,Equality,LuckandResponsibility,PhilosophyandPublicAffairs,v.23(n.1),

    Winter,1994,.19,.31,MathiasRisse,WhatEqualityofOpportunityCouldNotBe,Ethics,

    ..,.734.30.

    . JonElster,TheEmpiricalStudyof

    Justice:D.Miller,M.Walzer(eds.),Pluralism,JusticeandEquality,OxfordUniversityPress,New

    York,.96

    136

    ,

    .

    , . .Alex

    Callinicos,Equality,..,.54.

    137RonaldDworkin,,..,.226.

    138RonaldDworkin,,..,.226.

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  • 45

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    139RonaldDworkin,,..,.228.

    140RonaldDworkin,,..,.229.

    141RonaldDworkin,,..,.230.

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  • 46

    142.

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    145,146.

    .

    142RonaldDworkin,,..,.231.

    143

    . JohnRoemer

    EqualityofResourcesImpliesEqualityofWelfare(TheQuarterlyJournalofEconomics,Vol.101,No.

    4 (Nov., 1986), . 751. 756.)

    ,

    .

    144RonaldDworkin,,..,.232.

    145RonaldDworkin,,..,.234.

    146 (responsibility sensitive

    egalitarianism)

    .AndrewMason,EqualityofOpportunity,OldandNew,Ethics,Vol.111,No.

    4(Jul.,2001),.763.

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  • 47

    147.

    ,

    148.

    (starting

    gate theory of fairness)149,

    ,

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    150.

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    151.

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    152

    ,

    147RonaldDworkin,,..,.234.

    148RonaldDworkin,,..,.234

    149.ElisabethS.Anderson,Whatisthepointofequality?,..,.308,.64.

    150RonaldDworkin,,..,.236

    151RonaldDworkin,,..,.239.

    152

    (natural rewards) .PeterVallentyne,Brute Luck,

    OptionLuck,andEqualityofInitialOpportunities,..,.550.25.

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  • 51

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  • 52

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  • 53

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  • 54

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  • 55

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  • 57

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  • 61

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  • 62

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