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Transcript of Pronunciation course
PBF Pronunciation Course
MANNER AND PLACE OF ARTICULATION OF THE ENGLISH CONSONANTSBilabialLabiodentalDentalAlveolarPalatalVelarglottalStops: breath is fully stopped and then releasedVoiceless/p//t//k///Voiced/b//d//g/Fricatives: breath causes frictionVoiceless/f////s////h/Voiced/v////z///Affricates: breath is stopped and friction follows.Voiceless/t/Voiced/d/Nasals: breath is released through the noseVoiced/m//n///Liquids: breath does not cause frictionLateral Voiced/l/Retroflex /r/flap/r/2Semivowels: mouth moves from one position to anotherVoiced/w//y/
/t/church match nature
Silent BB is not pronounced when following M at the end of a
Silent C C is not pronounced in the ending "scle:muscle
Silent DD is not pronounced in the following common
Silent E E is not pronounced at the end of words and usually
makes the vowel long :hope
Silent GH GH is not pronounced before T and at the end of many
Silent H H is not pronounced when following W. Some speakers
whisper the H before the W :what
Silent H H is not pronounced at the beginning of many words. Use
the article "an" with unvoiced H. Here are some of the most
Pronounced H H is pronounced at the beginning of these common
words. Use the article "a" with voiced H:hill
Silent K K is not pronounced when followed by N at the beginning
of a word:knife
Silent L L is often not pronounced before D, F, M,
Silent N N is not pronounced following M at the end of a
Silent P P is not pronounced at the beginning of many words
using the suffix "psych" and "pneu":psychiatrist
Silent S S is not pronounced before L in the following
Silent T T is not pronounced in these common words:Castle
Silent U U is not pronounced after G and before a vowel
Silent W W is not pronounced at the beginning of a word followed
by an R:wrap
Silent W W is not pronounced with these three pronouns:who
What is connected speech?
When we speak naturally we do not pronounce a word, stop, then say the next word in the sentence. Fluent speech flows with a rhythm and the words bump into each other. To make speech flow smoothly the way we pronounce the end and beginning of some words can change depending on the sounds at the beginning and end of those words.These changes are described as features of connected speech.
Linking is a way of joining the pronunciation of two words so that they are easy to say and flow together smoothly. In English there are different ways that this happens.
Consonant to vowel linking- when the first word ends with a consonant sound and the second word begins with a vowel sound.
Vowel to vowel linking- when certain vowels come next to each other an extra sound is added to make the link smooth.
She sells sea shells by the sea shore
In standard British English (RP) the letter 'r' after a vowel sound at the end of word is often not pronounced. However, when the following word begins with a vowel the /r/ sound is pronounced to make a smooth link. See
When the sounds /t/ or /d/ occur between two consonant sounds, they will often disappear completely from the pronunciation.
Sounds join together
When a word ends in a consonant sound and the following word begins with the same consonant sound, we don't pronounce two sounds - both sounds are pronounced together as one.
When a word ends in a consonant sound and the following word begins with a consonant sound, depending on the particular sounds, the last sound of the first word or both the last sound and the first sound of the next word can change.