Project PANELEA: A COST- EFFECTIVE SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT

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  • -

    LIFE+ Advanced systems for the enhancement of the

    environmental performance of WINEries in Cyprus

    , 19 2012, Hilton Hotel,

    . , ,

    ,

    ITE/

    (takisp@chemeng.upatras.gr)

    :

    FP7-Regions-2009-1, STInno (245405).

    mailto:takisp@chemeng.upatras.grmailto:takisp@chemeng.upatras.grmailto:takisp@chemeng.upatras.grmailto:takisp@chemeng.upatras.grmailto:takisp@chemeng.upatras.grmailto:takisp@chemeng.upatras.grmailto:takisp@chemeng.upatras.gr

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 2

    . . , . , .. , . , .

    &

    /, &

  • .

    (olive

    mill wastewater- OMW),

    ,

    .

  • ,

    15 .

    .

    1,000

    .

    (BOD

    COD)

    30,000

    .

  • (: 1.5 m3/ /,

    1500 m3// 3-5 )

    /

    ( )

    /

    ()

  • OMW

    ,

    .

    100

    ,

    OMW.

    ,

    :

    , ,

    , .,

    .

  • ,

    .

    OMW

    ( , , , .),

    (, , .).

    , .., ,

    .

    OMW

    , , , .

    , :

    , .

  • OMW : ,

    -

    (1000 lt)

    UF,

    -

    (d>80m)

    (50 lt)

    ~800 lt)

    (150 lt)

    NF/RO -/

    1 !!!

  • OMW : ,

    UF+

    NF/RO.

    .

  • (

    80 m) (g/Kg)

    10

    TOC 676

    4

    22

    650

    Mg /Ca /Na /K 0.4 /4 / 0.1 /8

    2P4- /N3

    - /S42- 8 /20 /2

    2 !!! ()

  • ,

    ,

    (UF)

    (RO)

    -

    =

    . UF

    .

    =

    NF

    .

    Perm

    =

    feed

    RO2

    .

    ,

    % 0.66 0.66 0.67 0.59 1.11 0.01 0.02 0.0

    TSS, g/l 21.5 18.56 46.98 2.36 5.32 0 0.0 0.0

    t-COD, g/l 97.32 92.9 127.19 94.88 156.44 1 9.1 0.2

    d-COD, g/l 85.68 72.24 61.92 77.64 131.32 1 7.56 0.16

    , g/l 28.75 20.51 18.8 24.1 51.827 0.310 3.2 0.1

    ,

    g/l 5.91 5.08 4.16 5.04 10.6 0.1 0..9 0.01

  • OMW

    OMW .

    OMW ( ) .

    -250 0 250 500 750 1000 1250 1500 1750 2000 2250 2500 2750 3000-100

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    70

    80

    90

    100

    110

    Germ

    inatin I

    ndex

    Avena sterilis L.

    Phenolic compounds concentration (mg/l)

    (Avena sativa) L.Gossypium sp L.

    Cucurbita pepo L.

    Settaria sp L.

    Sinapis alba L.

    Triticum aestivum L.

    Sonchus oleraceus L.

    Figure 3.4 Changes of germination index with the concentration of phenolic compounds

    (Zea mays) L.

    3 !!!

    ( )

  • 1.4

    OMW

    :

    OMW

    OMW

    :

    D5: OMW ( )

    0

    200

    400

    600

    800

    1000

    1200

    1400

    1600

    1800

    2000

    2200

    2400

    B

    X3

    X2

    X1Xo

    Me

    an

    le

    af

    are

    a p

    er

    pla

    nt (c

    m)

    Type of treatment

    4 ( )

  • :

    , , OMW.

    (, ).

    :

    D6: , .

  • 2.2

    :

    OMW .

    :

    D7: OMW

    D8: .

  • Fresh OMW

    UF permeate

    for RO feed

    Storage

    tank of

    OMW

    RO Concentrate

    UF feed Solids

    d>100 m

    Ultrafiltration

    Pump

    Prefilter

    Pump

    UF concentrate

    Nutritious fraction

    Nanofiltration or

    Reverse osmosis

    Pump

    Water for

    fertilization

    or discharge

    Phytotoxic fraction

    Nutrient additives

  • : 1000 l/hr ( 1000 t /):

    : 250,000 ( UF RO, -, , ,

    , .). : 10 .

    :

    : UF: 26 kW

    RO: 9 kW

    : 2.97 /hr

    : 14.4 /day, equal to 0.72 /hr

    : 1.52 /hr

    : 1.66 /hr

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    : 7 /hr

    : 250,000 / 10 yr / 1000 hr/yr = 25 /hr

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    : 32 /hr

  • : 50 l/hr

    150 l/hr

    800 l/hr

    , ,

    0.7 /kg 0.1 /l UF ,

    : 5 /hr.

    , (AGRO),

    . 0.7 /l RO

    , 100 /hr.

    , (100+5-32)

    /hr, 73,000 /yr. ,

    5

    20%.

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 19

    1 / 5-6

    1

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 20 10/22/2012

    ) ,

    .

    (..

    )

    )

    )

    )

    ,

    ,

    (, )

    20

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 21

    :

    :

    : 10,000 l/h (50,000 t/yr)

    : 8,000 l/h

    : 20 - 30 C

    : UF: 4 bar, RO: 70 bar max

    : 99.5%

    : 99.99%

    : 99.5%

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 22

    : UF and RO, ,

    , , ,,

    , , , ,

    , , ,

    .

    :

    C1: 1,345,000

    : 10

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 23

    , ,

    , ,

    : 345,000

    , C: 1,859,000

    , IC: 334,620

    ( +

    ): 2,193,620

    , C2: 1,000,000

    1: 3,193,000

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 24

    : : 30,200 /yr

    : 149,700 /yr

    : 329,000 /yr

    : 67,300 /hr

    : 274,000 /yr

    : 144,300 /yr

    ( ), OC: 1,142,900 /yr

    : 392,840 /yr

    2: 1,535,740 /yr

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 25

    50,000 t/yr OMW :

    5% : 2,500 t/yr (100 /t)

    15% : 7,500 t/yr (250 /t)

    : 40,000

    t/yr

    : 40%

    :

    ( ), R: 2,125,000 /yr

    , [T=0.4(R-OC)]: 392,840 /yr

    ,

    (K=R-OC-T): 589,260 /yr

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 26

    ,

    (the rate of return on

    investment), ir, : ir=K/(C+IC)

    K: , C:

    , IC:

    ir = 589,260/( 2,859,000 + 334,620 )100%=18%

    = 5.42

  • - -

    .

    ,

    OMW.

    (

    )

    .

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 28

    :

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 29

    ( acetobacters)

    : 0.4-0.5 g/lt , 0.7 g/lt

    ( 2007)

    ( 2010)

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 30

    -

    1- UF 2- RO

    3- resins

    B A1+ A2 B

    UF, 1

    RO, 2

    &

    ,

    1-UF ,

    RO

    2-RO :

    ,

    ,

    : ,

    , , ,

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 31

    -

    UF

    PH

    (gr/l)

    (CH3COOH)(gr/l)

    % vol

    (gr/l)

    Po ..

    3.48 6.07 1.72 11.85 0.987 0.992 31

    U.F.

    3.51 6.15 1.3 10.5 0.989 0.996 31

    U.F.

    3.54 5.7 1.7 10.75 0.987 0.992 25.8

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 32

    -

    R.O PH

    (gr/l)

    (CH3COOH) (gr/l)

    % vol

    (gr/l)

    Po ..

    U.F.

    3.54 5.7 1.7 10.75 0.987 0.992 25.8

    R.O.

    3.45 14.92 1.2 9.4 1.019 1.018 103.7

    R.O.

    3.7 2.4 1.51 10.4 0.979 0.984 5.1

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 33

    -

    PH

    (gr/l)

    (CH3COOH)

    (gr/l)

    %

    vol

    (gr/l)

    Po ..

    R.O.

    3.7 2.4 1.51 10.4 0.979 0.984 5.1

    3.45 5.65 0.19 9.4 0.981 0.988 7.7

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 34

    -

    PH

    (gr/l)

    (CH3COOH)

    (gr/l)

    %

    vol

    (gr/l)

    Po ..

    3.48 6.07 1.72 11.85 0.987 0.992 31

    3.45 5.65 0.19

    89%

    0.316

    81.5 %

    9.4 0.981 0.988 7.7

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 35

    -

    1- UF 2- RO

    3- resins

    B A1+ A2 B

    UF, 1

    RO, 2

    &

    ,

    x

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 36

    -

    (lt)

    (CH3COOH) (gr/lt)

    29.5 0.29

    12.1 0.336

    16.3 0.26

    16.3 0.078

    (CH3COOH) (gr/lt)

    0.29

    0.18

    (37.9 %)

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 37

    , (~ 1 ppb),

    (~ 30 ppb) ,

    .

    , ,

    -

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 38

    -

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 39

    -

    10 7 8 1 0

    pH 3.64 3.4 3.55 3.58 3.55

    Conductivity

    mS/cm 2.52 0.860 2.4 2.27 0.032

    Turbidity 2 2 0 0 0

    Dissolved

    Oxygen mg