Project Method Eleni TARATORI Ελένη Professor at Democritus University of Thrace Comenius Regio...

of 27/27
Project Method Project Method Eleni TARATORI Eleni TARATORI Ελένη Ελένη Professor at Democritus University Professor at Democritus University of Thrace of Thrace Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange Teacher training seminar- workshop, PEK Alexandroupolis, 17 December 2013
  • date post

    31-Dec-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    216
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Project Method Eleni TARATORI Ελένη Professor at Democritus University of Thrace Comenius Regio...

  • Project Method

    Eleni TARATORI Professor at Democritus University of ThraceComenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange Teacher training seminar-workshop, PEK Alexandroupolis, 17 December 2013

  • The Project Method it is a learning processits borders are changing according to opencollectiveand. The prevailing situation, when it is applied. The participants interestsComenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • Projicere Show, put something in my head, plan Project Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • Project MethodThe term was primarily used:in the USA in the 2nd half of the 19th century philosophical movement of pragmatism

    Richards: teaching of manual labor in a specific way

    Today, we also use the terms: work plan, planning method, hands on method etc.

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • Project method features (1/2) The participants in a Project:Adopt the proposal that sb else madeDiscuss and decide about the relationships among them Process the initial initiative, in order for it to have logical contentSelf-organise themselves in a determined time periodUse the determined time and exploit this time allocating various actions Exchange information in frequent time periods Work on an open action field Discuss about team or individual processes and situations that arise during Project implementationComenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • Project method features (2/2) The participants in a Project :Pose specific work aims and determine its framework Invent their own methods for the effective fulfillment of their duties and problem solving Try to implement their goalsGo after the satisfaction of individual and collective interests in the beginning and during project implementationSpot tensions and conflicts and try to settle them Provide comfort to other in various circumstances Deal with situations and issues that are not directly related with the current learning circumstances Treat emerging problems that are related to themComenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The Project MethodThe Project Method was introduced by W. Kilpatrick (The project method, 1918). According to Kilpatrick, the project is the conception of an activity that is realized in a social environment in a programmed and pleasant way. According to Kilpatrick, project planning has the following features:Assignation by internal impulse Determination of the action aim Direction of action Insurance of the moving forceComenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • Project implementation in four steps (example) The girl wants to sew a dress Need to satisfy the lack of dressTime & action management for need satisfaction Acquisition of dress

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • Project models according to time duration) small projects (2 hours)

    ) projects of larger duration (12 hours)

    C) projects of large durationComenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • Method models according to Project content) Task detecting model Statement of the idea Planning the activityImplementationEvaluation

    ) Skills acquisition model Statement of the skill Planning of stepsExecution of skill

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • STEPS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WORK PLAN(Project Method)TOPICTopic selection Selection of the coordinator and decision about his/her role Aim of project (work plan)PLANNINGDistribution to teams and their role Action framework of each team formulation Information and feedback breakIMPLEMENTATION

    Material collection and classification Presentation of project deliverables (work plan)Conclusions EvaluationComenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementationTopic SelectionThe selection of topic can happen in many and various ways:

    ) Initiative by the team members, after a random conversation about an up-to-date topic ) By assignation for the selection of a topic that complies with the lessons needs ) Selection by the teacher and pupils from topic areas of school books, which can be taught with project method. This selection usually happens at the beginning of the school year, when the teacher prepares the lessons plan in macrolevel. Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (1/2)2. Selection of the coordinator and decision about his/her role

    The selection of the coordinator happens via interest expression by all pupils and vote. The role of the coordinator has the following duties:

    1st Write on the board the project topic and the predetermined aims, they want to achieve. 2nd Contribute to the teams formation (they need to be constituted by an equal number of members). 3rd Assure companionship and friendly environment among all project participants.Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (2/2) 2. Selection of the coordinator and decision about his/her role

    4th Write on the board the teams proposals, which are the results of their cooperation. 5th Mediate and coordinate all teams, whose roles are related to the project.6th Announce the duration of the phases needed for project implementation. 7th Walk around the space, while the teams are working, trying to remind organizational details.8th Try to meet the predetermined time limits. 9th Read the project outcomes, when it comes to an end. Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation3. Aim of project (work plan)

    The aim: ) is defined after a discussion and is the basis for: - The selection of the appropriate contents that will be used in the project, - The organization of usable methods on the basis of which they will move on, The search for required sources, andThe specification of the expected results.

    ) is written on the board by the coordinator, in orderto be visible to pupils, and for pupils to define their course.Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation4. Distribution to teams and their role Distribution to teams can be done in two ways:) On the basis of pupils interests ) On the basis of pupils interpersonal relationships, friendly relationships, common goals, common interests etc.

    The teams role on the project is : 1st Choice of the teams secretary2nd Definition of aim/aims3rd Definition of the work plan structure4th Detailed record of conversations, views exchange and the proposals in which they all agreeComenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (1/2)5. Action framework of each team formulation

    Decisive factor for the formulation of the action framework is the correct phrasing of the aims. The project participants viewpoint contributes to the formulation of the individual topic areas and the definition of aims. Additional topic areas and aims are formed according to the participants viewpoints.

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (2/2) 5. Action framework of each team formulation

    The main questions posed during team cooperation are:a) Which are the individual aims? b) How will they be approached? c) What kind of material is possible to accumulate? d) Which sources will the material be drawn from? e) Who will be in charge of negotiating about each individual aim? Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (1/2) 6. Information and feedback break

    The coordinator defines the time allotted to each team for: a) the work progress report, b) the presentation of the accumulated material, c) the expression of viewpoints about the sufficiency & abundance of the material, d) the reporting of other data collection methods, e) material search in other spaces, Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (2/2) 6. Information and feedback break

    The coordinator defines the time allotted to each team for: f) The re-organization and restructuring of the work plan (organizational issues),g) The presentation of the course of aims (are they attained/ unattained, do we need to restructure our course of action, h) Tracking mistakes, j) The detection of lack of experience, if is not given the appropriate attention, andk) The replacement of members that do not contribute to their team or the relocation of them in another team, which is closer to their interests. Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (1/2) 7. Material collection and classification

    Every team responsible for a project unit, draws its plan (how it will accumulate the material and the tools that will be used). The team secretary gives the floor to each member separately in order to express his/her opinion, which is crucial for the projects course. The members views are written down by the secretary. Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (2/2)

    7. Material collection and classification

    In order for the conversation to be productive, it needs to comply with the following:a) the team cooperation and the coordinators acceptance,b) the adherence of time limits by the team members and the avoidance of long talks,c) the observation of the discussions, the active participation in the discussion. Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (1/2) 8. Presentation of project deliverables The material presentation strategies are determined by the time limis.

    ) For projects that last 2 hours, the presentation ways are: a) presentation of each teams findings, b) presentation of the supporting material, c) the completion of the presentation with a song, a proverb, a poem or a prose.

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (2/2)

    8. Presentation of project deliverables ) For projects that last from 4 hours to one week, the presentation ways are: a) presentation of each teams findings, b) upload of the material on a board, c) music composition of a project part, d) dramatization of project scenes, e) exhibition of fake or real objects, f) use of slides, transparencies, data display etc.

    C) For projects of long duration, the presentation ways are more demanding. Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (1/2) 9. Conclusions EvaluationThe project coordinator reads the teams conclusions and forms his/her opinion about what has happened.

    For pupils, the project is completed after the conclusions are drawn. Then, the teachers evaluation follows. Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The steps for Project method implementation (2/2) 9. Conclusions Evaluation

    The teachers evaluation criteria that render a project successful or not are:The quality of the supporting material that shows the thorough and responsible research of the topicThe variety of the material and the competency in the selection of the significant items out of the many and various accumulated items The clever presentation The appropriately chosen person for the announcement of the findings/conclusions.Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • Basic prerequisites for the Project methodTime allotted Convenient space (open space at schools, arrangement of furniture) Cooperation with stakeholders out of school (pupils parents)Project implementation in cooperation with companies and enterprises Arrangement of administrative issues (needless breaks)Coordination service

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

  • The role of the teacher during the Project method implementationTeachers characteristics:

    Action in the backstageProvision of help, when needed Participation in equal terms Patience, not intervention

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    Comenius Regio Project 2012-1-GR1-COM13-10099 2 ICTs in education and project-based learning: Policies, Practices and Knowledge exchange

    ****************************