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Transcript of Planning for Transit in the World‟s Most Livable City ... · PDF file The World‟s Most...

  • 1

    Planning for Transit in the World‟s Most Livable City:

    What Portland and the Rest of North America Can Learn

    From Vancouver

    Alan Jones – Director

    Steer Davies Gleave

    Suite 970, 355 Burrard Street

    Vancouver, BC V6C 2G8

    Canada

    October 2010

    www.steerdaviesgleave.com

  • Our Rail~Volution Session

    Ι Transportation and Land Use in the 21st Century and Beyond

    Ι What will our cities and regions look like 20 years from now?

    Ι Fifty years from now?

    Ι The decisions we make today about shaping our communities toward

    more walkable, sustainable, economically viable design will be

    important in the future.

    Ι This overview session focuses on new projects, modes and ways of

    thinking for dealing with urban realities and challenges around the

    world.

    Ι Take a close look at the innovative planning efforts being undertaken

    in three progressive areas and see how those efforts can be translated

    to your region.

    2

  • An Urban World

    3

  • 4

    http://www.lifeaftertheoilcrash.net/IndividualItemPages/ComingEconomicCollapse.html

  • 5

    Sustainable Land Use ?

  • 6

    A Future for Suburbia ?

  • 7

    “Ladies and

    gentlemen, the

    situation is not

    good…

    The world’s

    climates are

    changing, the

    mammals are taking

    over, and we all

    have a

    brain about the

    size of a golf ball”

  • 8

    A Warm Globe Future ?

  • Livability and a Healthy Lifestyle

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  • 11

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    Vancouver, the Worlds Most Livable City

    The Economist - 2010

  • Ι Economist scoring of 98 out of

    100 potential points

    Ι Ranked highly for:

    ■ Quality of life

    ■ Economic stability

    ■ Quality health care

    ■ Strong education system

    ■ Livable communities

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    Vancouver, British Columbia –

    The World‟s Most Livable City

  • Ι City includes 1/3 of the region‟s

    total employment

    Ι Primary growth in commute

    choices has been by transit,

    biking, or walking

    Ι Local, regional, & national focus

    on:

    ■ Creating convenient transportation options

    ■ Greater use of transit

    ■ Transit-friendly land use

    ■ Reducing reliance on the car

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    Vancouver in Context

  • Vancouver in Context

    Ι Significant urban centre for Western Canada

    Ι Consistent population growth currently at approximately 600,000

    (within city limits) & 1.5 million in the metro area

    Ι Population is projected to increase by 137,000 (23%) within the City

    and by 54% to 3.39 million within the region (2041)

    Ι Existing transit network of bus, SkyTrain, Canada Line, seabus, etc.

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  • Metro Vancouver Population and Employment Projections 2040

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  • Vancouver and Greater Vancouver –Long Term Targets

    Ι TransLink‟s Transport 2040- Long term Plan

    Ι Targets: 50% sustainable modes share (walk, bike, transit)

    Ι Currently 30%, fourfold increase with growing population

    Ι BC Provincial Transit Plan

    Ι 22% Transit Mode Share by 2020

    Ι GHG reduction target: 33% by 2020, 80% by 2040

    Ι City of Vancouver

    Ι 28% Transit Mode Share by 2020

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  • Extensive Trolleybus and bus network

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  • SkyTrain System

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  • Canada Line- opened 2009

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  • Canada Line- underground in Downtown

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  • University of British Columbia (UBC) Corridor

    Ι Significant transit corridor crossing the Canada Line and SkyTrain

    Ι Major activity centres at City Hall, health care facilities, & UBC

    Ι Mix of commercial & residential densities

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    UBC

    Downtown

    Broadway

    Skytrain

    Canada

    Line

    N

  • Commercial/Broadway

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  • 25

    Derrick Ulian photo

    Miranda Nelson photo

  • B Line at Commercial/Broadway

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  • VCC Clark SkyTrain Station- Millennium Line

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  • Broadway Corridor- East Vancouver

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  • Broadway and Main Street- “Uptown Vancouver”

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  • Broadway and Trafalgar (east of Arbutus)

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  • Kitsilano- Residential Neighbourhood

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  • Broadway and Mac Donald -Kitsilano

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    Kitsilano- local neighbourhood

  • Point Grey

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  • University Boulevard (University Endowment Lands)

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  • University of British Columbia- Campus Site

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  • University of British Columbia Campus

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  • Ι Lead: TransLink, BC Province

    Ι Partners:

    ■ City of Vancouver

    ■ Metro Vancouver

    ■ University of British Columbia

    ■ University Endowment Lands

    Ι Problem/Vision/Objectives

    Ι MAE assessment

    Ι Alignment Designs

    Ι Technology Review

    Ι BRT, LRT & Rail Rapid Transit

    Ι Ridership & traffic modelling

    Ι Stakeholder inputs

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    UBC Rapid Transit Project

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    UBC Line Rapid Transit Project – Problem Statements

    Ι The problem statement defines the „purpose and need‟ for the study

    Ι Agreed UBC Line Rapid Transit Project problem statements developed:

    ■ Existing transit services do not provide sufficient capacity or reliable enough service to the major regional destinations and economic hubs

    within the Broadway Corridor

    ■ Transit trips and mode share need to increase to reduce vehicle kilometres traveled (VKT) and GHG emissions, both directly

    and by supporting the Regional Growth Strategy and other

    regional objectives

    ■ Regional funding for transit is limited and needs to balance a range of rapid transit investment priorities

  • 40

    UBC Line Rapid Transit Project – Vision and Mission

    Ι The Vision explains the overall aim or purpose of the UBC Line

    Rapid Transit Project

    ■ A rapid transit service that serves and shapes a great region and communities and strengthens its livability and sustainability by

    providing a viable alternative to the private car

    Ι The Mission defines how the planning will be done and what

    outcomes the UBC Line should achieve/deliver

    ■ To plan a rapid transit service that is accessible, convenient, safe, reliable and environmentally and financially sustainable that

    integrates with the regional transportation system and contributes

    to the achievement of transportation, environmental and land use

    objectives and targets

  • Vancouver Embraces a New Approach for the UBC Corridor

    MAE

    Deliverability

    Economic Development

    Environment

    Financial Social

    Community

    Transportation

    Urban Development

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    Ι Multiple account evaluation (MAE)

    Ι MAE analysis & prioritization process successfully used throughout the

    UK & continental Europe

  • 42

    UBC Line Rapid Transit project:

    Design Work Books- 1:1,000 Drawings and Design Stage 1 (DF1)

    Ι Early start on 1:1000 plans – surface and grade-separated

    Ι Maximising segregated operation and junction priority

    Ι Identifying key issues

    ■ Station and stop locations

    ■ Pedestrian and bike amenities

    ■ Land-use, property impacts and development opportunities

    ■ On-street parking, servicing and deliveries

    ■ Area-wide traffic and bus circulation issues- “Complete Communities”

    Ι Subsequent Design Stages will

    develop the design(s) and

    address the issues/opportunities

  • 43

    The “Complete Community” Approach

    Ι Vancouver- Street Hierarchy

  • 44

    University

  • 45

    Commercial

  • Stakeholder Engagement & Workshops

    Ι Design charrettes (decision accelerator)

    Ι Designing complete streets (design a cross section)

    Ι 100 participants

    Ι A “game changer”

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  • “Best Bus” Option

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  • Transit Integration & Complete Streets- BRT Option

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    UBC Simulation UBC Simulation

  • Transit Integration & Complete Streets- LRT Option

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    UBC Simulation UBC Simulation

  • Rail Rapid Transit- Underground Station Entrance Granville/City

    Centre

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  • Rail Rapid Transit- Canada Line Broadway/City Hall Station

    Entrance

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  • Rail Rapid Transit