Phobics Are you one of them ?. What is a phobia? phobia (from Greek: †Œ²‚,...

download Phobics Are you one of them ?. What is a phobia? phobia (from Greek: †Œ²‚, phobos, "fear").Greek is an inappropriate sense of anxiety or fear triggered

of 18

  • date post

    01-Jan-2016
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    222
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Phobics Are you one of them ?. What is a phobia? phobia (from Greek: †Œ²‚,...

  • PhobicsAre you one of them ?

  • What is a phobia?phobia (from Greek: , phobos, "fear") .

    is an inappropriate sense of anxiety or fear triggered by exposure to a specific object or situation.

    It is not an illness, not a mental disorder, Nor is it a lack of will-power, or 'moral fibre', or determination.

  • Categories of Phobias

  • Social phobiaSocial phobia occurs when there is an excessive fear of social situations ,ex. small groups of people at parties .

    People with social phobia have no confidence with people they don't know, and fear that strangers are being critical of them.

    fear that they will behave in an embarrassing way, such as blushing or shaking in public.

  • Agoraphobia means a fear of open spaces, often because of worry about having a panic attack .

    People with agoraphobia may avoid being on bridges, busy streets or in crowded stores, so disabled. they literally will not leave their homes. often starts in late adolescence and early adulthood. It's more common in women than men.

  • Specific Phobia These are very common in children. But some phobias carry on until adult life,

    animals (e.g. spiders, snakes, mice, birds and insects) .

    the natural world (e.g. storms, heights, weather) .

    blood, injections and injury .

    certain situations (enclosed spaces, lifts, planes) .

  • Specific PhobiaSometimes, people can become phobic about catching illnesses or anything that puts them at risk of vomiting or choking.

    Specific phobias are more common in women, and they often begin in childhood.

    People who suffer from these phobias rarely have any other psychiatric or psychological problems

  • Symptoms of PhobiasIf you have a phobia, you usually won't have any symptoms until you are faced with your feared situation

    or object (or, sometimes, if you think about, or see a picture of it).

    You may then develop symptoms of anxiety, including:

  • Symptoms of Phobiasfast breathing

    being aware of a fast heart

    a choking sensation

    flushing

    sweating

    feeling faintnumbness .

    tension headaches .

    dizziness

    "churning" of the stomach

    diarrhea

  • Some Reasons of What Causes PhobiasThere are several different theories about why phobias develop.

    They do seem to run in families. But

    Young babies

    a stressful life event

  • TreatmentSelf-help

    Talking therapies

    Behavioral therapy

    Cognitive behavioral therapy

    Flooding

    Medicines

  • Resources American Psychiatric Association (APA) . www.HealthyMinds.org Anxiety Disorders Association of America (ADAA) .www.adaa.org Mental Health America (formerly NMHA) www.mentalhealthamerica.net http://hcd2.bupa.co.uk/fact_sheets/html/phobias.html.National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) www.nami.org

  • Thanks.By Loloa Riad