Philosophy Study, November 2020, Vol. 10, No. 11, 713-754 doi: 10.17265/2159-5313/2020.11.006...

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Transcript of Philosophy Study, November 2020, Vol. 10, No. 11, 713-754 doi: 10.17265/2159-5313/2020.11.006...

  • Philosophy Study, November 2020, Vol. 10, No. 11, 713-754 doi: 10.17265/2159-5313/2020.11.006

    Heidegger’s Metaphysics, a Theory of Human Perception:

    Neuroscience Anticipated, Thesis of Violent Man, Doctrine of the Logos

    Hermann G. W. Burchard

    σήμηνε δὲ

    Oklahoma State University, Stillwater OK, USA

    In this essay, our goal is to discover science in Martin Heidegger’s Introduction to Metaphysics, lecture notes for

    his 1935 summer semester course, because, after all, his subject is metaphysica generalis, or ontology, and this

    could be construed as a theory of the human brain. Here, by means of verbatim quotes from his text, we attempt to

    show that indeed these lectures can be viewed as suggestion for an objective scientific theory of human perception,

    the human capacity for deciphering phenomena, i.e. hermeneutics in its broadest sense. His added notes from the

    1953 edition, all of which are comments, not corrections, imply that he never abandoned these thoughts on

    metaphysics, despite all of his utterances about a need to overcome it, and their popular interpretations to that effect.

    In his presentation, he further develops the colorful and intuitive style, an hermeneutic language, that he had created

    in his earlier work Being and Time. The logical functions of Dasein’s anatomical brain are performed by the logos

    machine, formerly the human soul, using top-down processing based on a global context, the noumenal cosmos

    which humans maintain internally. Heidegger’s 1942/43 winter semester lectures Parmenides extend in unbroken

    fashion his 1935 work, proving that he never abandoned, as is widely claimed, his metaphysical avenue of thought.

    Keywords: Cognitive gap, Perception, phenomena, transcendental Ego or Self, Prefrontal cortex PFC, parietal

    cortex PC, top-down processing, default mode network DMN, Language L, Universe U, Language System (or

    Machine) LS, Logos Machine, Noumenal Cosmos NK, Conceptual-Categorical Apparatus CCA, pre-linguistic

    structure pLs, internal structural-historical records ISHR, Formal Linguistic Dualism LD

    Guiding Thoughts—Our Mottos

    τέρματ´ Ἀχιλλεὺς τηλόθεν ἐν λείῳ πεδίῳ παρα δὲ σϰοπὸν εἴσεν ἀντίθειον Φοίνιϰα, ὀπάονα πατρὸς ἑοῖο, ὡς μεμνέῳτο δρόμους ϰαὶ ἀληθείην ἀποείποι

    Achilles signs the limits, far off in the level plain, yet at the finish he lets be divine Phoenix, war companion of his father, to watch the races and put into words, his awareness.

    I can find nothing with which to compare the great beauty of a soul and its great capacity it is made in His image means that we can hardly form any conception of the soul’s great dignity and beauty.

    -- Saint Teresa of Avila ΦΥΣΙΣ = ΛΟΓΟΣ ᾽ΑΝΘΡΩΠΟΝ ᾽ΕΧΩΝ1

    -- Martin Heidegger

    Hermann G. W. Burchard, Prof. Emer., Dept. of Mathematics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater OK 74078, USA.

    1 Nature = The Logos Owning A Human