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  • BANK OF GREECEEUROSYSTEM

    Working Paper

    11FEBRUARY

    5557771

    REECEGANK OF BMETSYSORUE

  • . 21 102 50 .: +30210-320 3610 : +30210-320 2432 www.bankofgreece.gr , . ISSN 1109-6691

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    JEL Classification: Z1. -: , , . 21 10250, . 210-3202992 Emal: slazaretou@bankofgreece.gr

  • . (20-21 2014) 2014. . , . , . ( ) . - . . , . . ( ) . . . , . ( ) . . . . , , , , . , .

    : , , 1893, , . 245.

  • 5

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    United Nations, UNCTAD (2010, . xv) 2014

    .2 (sustainable innovation ecosystem), , , , .3 () (innovative) , , () (inspiring), -, () (integrated), . , 2020, () (interactive), . , .

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    1 While the creative economys growth is not in itself a panacea, it does potentially offer more resilient, inclusive and environmentally viable paths to recovery. 2 IP/13/808, iCapital. 2020 (2014-2020) , . 3 Mire Geoghegan-Quinn, , , 3 2013.

  • 6

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    , ,6 (digitisation), (Internet), (remix), (mashing) (sampling) , , . , , , . , , .

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    4 CCM/098, , 28 2012, . 1. 5 . C 51, 17 2011, . 43-49, , 19-20 2011. 6 , 2,7 , 6,8 . 50% 3G. -28, 79% (Eurostat, 2013). , ( 16-74 ) . 86% 24 . . ( 2012).

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    7 European Commission, Commission Staff Working Document on Competitiveness of the European High-End Industries, SWD(2012) 286 final, 26 .

  • 8

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    , 3% -27 7 , 1 . ( 2010), 2,6% -27 5 .8 2002 2011, 6,3%.

    , .9 , 2010 10% .10 , (Power 2011) 266 30 . 50% . , ,

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    8 . Frontier Economics (2012) (2010). 2004, 5,9 3,1% -27, . . KEA (2006). 2004 2007, 2,5% , . 2009 1,7% , ISCO-08 (2011). , . . 9 . , , 7-8 2013. 10 2012 7% 9%. . Altagamma Monitor Update (2012).

  • 9

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    . , :

    (i) , (ii) , (iii) , (iv) ,

    , (v) , (vi) , (vii) , (viii) , (ix)

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    , (Power 2011), 2007 25 266 30 .11 , 10 20 .12 , 18 30 (4,1%). , . , , .

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  • 11

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    : ,15 16 .17

    14 , . CIP (2010) (2010). 15 , , , , , (podcasting, streaming). 16 9 2050, . 17 , . (UNWTO The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2009), 4% , 1,6 2020.

  • 12

    , , , , . , , , , , , . , () ( ). , . , , .18

    . , , ( , , , ) , . . , , . (creative nexus) , , .

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    18 , , . . http://www./ceanet.eu/report/BISC creative industries.pdf http://www.europe-innova.eu/creative.

  • 13

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  • 14

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    Sir Ken Robinson (2011)19

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    (cultural industries) (creative industries) , .20 , , , 21 .22

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    19 . , . Out of Our Minds. Learning to be Creative, London: Capstone Publishing Limited & John Wiley and Sons. 20 15 , , , . , 1990, , , . , , , . . British Council (2010). 21 Journal of Cultural Economics, . -, . http://www.springer.com/economics/microeconomics/journal/10824. 22 Howkins (2005), .

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    : KEA (2006) UNCTAD (2010).

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    2010). UNESCO (2005), , .23 , , -, , , .

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    23 http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/er.php. 24 , ,

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  • 17

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    ean Cluster Observatory,

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    (sector) (industry) (activity), , (for-profit), (not for-profit).

    26

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    , (Pine and Gilmore 1999). 26 . Kroeber and Kluckhohn (1952), 150 . .