PAC-Man Marino - Campaign Finance Analysis

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Nick Troiano for Congress analysis of Rep. Tom Marino's campaign fundraising.

Transcript of PAC-Man Marino - Campaign Finance Analysis

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    About this Report This report was researched and written by Nick Troiano for Congress based on publicly available information through the Federal Election Commission and the Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. For inquires, please contact Rachel Vierling: [email protected] | (570) 291-7697

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    Introduction In the modern era of politics, it is said that the scandal isn't the illegal behavior the true scandal is what's legal. Thats because todays political corruption does not take the form of cash bribes being handed to legislators under the table in exchange for their votes on particular issues. Instead, todays corruption is more subtle. Todays corruption takes the form of donations coming from the coffers of special interests going into the campaign accounts of elected officials, in an indirect but well-understood exchange for access to the officials office or legislative support. This softer corruption is perfectly legal, demonstrably effective, and terrifyingly common. Corporations, unions, lobbyists and political action committees (PACs) are essentially able to buy their influence on Capitol Hill. And, as money in politics proliferates and campaigns become more expensive, members of Congress are increasingly dependent upon these funders to basically buy their reelections. The result is that the voice of the people is being drowned out by the desires of the funders and incumbent legislators become career politicians. As the divide between the people and the funders grows greater, so does the gap in our representation. The issue of campaign finance is not a partisan issue. The corrupting influence of money in politics blocks legislative reform from both the left and the right whether it be regulating the financial industry or simplifying our tax code. Special interests are able to stand in the way of what might be best for our community or for our country as a whole, as their aim is often to protect their own financial bottom line. Unless we can fix our political process, including by reforming our system of campaign finance, we will not be able to fix any of the major problems facing our country. Reform must begin by replacing members of Congress who are part of todays broken system with candidates who, apart from what they say on the campaign trail, actually run for office in such a way that they are able be part of the solution. This year, voters in Pennsylvanias 10th District have the choice to elect a new type of candidate; a choice that this report is intended to help inform and clarify.

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    Congressman Tom Marinos Unanswered Questions In 2012, U.S. Congressman Tom Marino (PA-10) introduced a series of seven bills to suspend or extend the suspension of import tariffs on rare earth metals including gadolinium oxide, yttrium oxide, europium oxide, lanthanum oxide, and cerium nitrate. Of the eleven bills he authored in 2012, why this issue? Why these metals? Why now? These answers are not immediately clear, as Congressman Marino did not mark the bills introduction with a press release or any other kind of searchable public statement. However, as this report demonstrates, Congressman Marinos peculiar legislative record truly begins to make sense if one simply follows the money. The web of connections between the special interest groups bankrolling Congressman Marinos reelection campaign and the groups that stand to benefit from the legislation he has authored raises an important, urgent and unavoidable question that all voters must ask: Exactly who is Congressman Marino representing in Washington? Summary of this Reports Findings 1. Since the beginning of his first campaign in 2010, Congressman Marino has accepted $2,309,451 in contributions. Thirty-nine percent of these contributions, or $903,959, has come from 267 political action committees (PACs). The average aggregate PAC contribution to Marino is $3,385 more than the average monthly income of a 10th District voter.

    Source: The Federal Election Commission and the Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives.!

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    2. As of late, Congressman Marino has rapidly increased the amount of money he has accepted from special interest PACs. In his most recent report he filed with the Federal Elections Commission, covering just May and June, Congressman Marino disclosed $116,650 in donations from PACs, more than he has raised from PACs in any other two month period of his political career. In all, 64% of Congressman Marinos contributions in May and June came from PACs. 3. Over half (56%) of Congressman Marinos donations from PACs came from 128 organizations that can be shown to have stood to benefit from Congressman Marinos legislative actions ($503,078). This figure includes:

    ! $133,150 from 26 PACs whose affiliates have lobbied on or otherwise publically advocated for bills Congressman Marino authored.

    ! $234,750 from 64 PACs whose affiliated corporations belong to trade organizations that lobbied on or otherwise publically advocated for bills Marino authored.

    ! $205,178 from 52 PACs whose affiliates have repeatedly lobbied on issues and bills that fall under the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Courts, and the Internet, which Marino sits on.

    ! $256,678 from 46 PACs whose affiliates have repeatedly lobbied on issues and bills that fall under the House Homeland Security Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies, which Congressman Marino also sits on.

    Source: The Federal Election Commission and the Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives.

    4. While most of Congressman Marinos PAC donors are affiliated with corporations or other economic interests, 10.8% of Congressman Marinos total PAC donations came from other congressmen or from lobbying firms ($69,000 and $28,500, respectively).

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    Methodology Links of political influence in Washington are notoriously difficult to trace. One might reasonably assume that no corporation or special interest would donate to a member of Congress unless it expected some legislative action or other favor in return but it is nearly impossible to definitely prove any connection between the groups that donate and the actions a member takes. This report takes a simple but powerful approach. There are two basic ways in which members actions can benefit a special interest: through the bills they introduce, and through other actions on the committees and subcommittees they sit on. Because of this, the groups that can most easily be shown to stand to benefit from a particular members actions are those that have publically supported bills s/he introduces, and those with a vested interest in issues dealt with by the committees and subcommittees s/he sits on. This report goes through all 267 PACs that have contributed to Congressman Marino and identifies those that meet one of these two criteria: advocating for a bill Congressman Marino has authored or that lobbies on issues relevant to a subcommittee Congressman Marino sits on. A PAC is defined as advocating for a bill if it a) reported itself as lobbying on the bill in question, b) published or signed a statement supporting the bill, c) is a member of a trade organization that lobbied on the bill or a trade organization that published or signed a statement supporting it. It is important to include trade organizations such as America's Natural Gas Alliance or the Health IT Now Coalition in this definition, because companies in the same industry often consolidate their lobbying efforts behind trade organizations while continuing to donate separately. A member of a trade organization that supports a particular bill is highly likely to stand to benefit from that bill as well. A PAC is defined as lobbying on issues relevant to a subcommittee if, over multiple reporting periods, it has reported itself as lobbying on issues or bills under the jurisdiction of that subcommittee. This report examines PACs with interests in the Judiciary Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Courts, and the Internet and the Homeland Security Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies, even though Congressman Marino sits on a total of six subcommittees. The results are necessarily incomplete because this report is not exhaustive. Were the report to go through every bill Congressman Marino has cosponsored, each amendment he has offered, all votes he has taken, each committee he sits on, and money Super-PACs may expend independently on his reelection, it could almost certainly find many more connections between Marinos donors and legislative activity. The figures included in this report simply represent the most obvious stories and the clearest linkages. The criteria rely on no subjective judgments, and the results could be reproduced by anyone. All of the figures that comprise the reports findings are calculated in the Appendix.

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    Examples from the Data The Healthcare and Pharmaceutical Industry At least 35 of the 267 PACs that donated to Congressman Marino represent healthcare, pharmaceutical, and insurance corporations. Congressman Marino has also authored several bills relating to healthcare, and all three of his proposed laws contained provisions that would benefit various healthcare companies. The Preserving Our Hometown Independent Pharmacies Act (H.R. 1188) would exempt several pharmacies from certain anti-trust laws. The Safeguarding Access For Every Medicare Patient Act (H.R. 3239) would grant healthcare providers who use electronic records protection from some malpractice lawsuits. Finally, the Ensuring Patient Access and Effective Drug Enforcement Act (H.R. 4069) would help pave the way for pharmaceutical companies to deliver drugs directly to doctors.i It is certainly clear that supporters of H.R. 4069 were eager to donate to Congressman Marino. Out of ten organizations that reported that they lobbied on the bill, seven donated to Congressman Marino many both before and after the bill was introduced. However, for many other pharmaceutical and healthcare companies that donated to Congressman Marino, it is at first difficult to tell if they were aware of any of these three healthcare bills at all. Few of these individual companies publicly supported or disclosed direct lobbying on any of the bills in question. As it happens though, many of the groups that did lobby on the bills were pharmaceutical industry trade organizations, representing the common interests of dozens of pharmaceutical companies. Most of Congressman Marinos healthcare and pharmaceutical donors could be connected to one, if not several, of such organizations, establishing that they stood to benefit from one or more of his healthcare bills. One particularly striking example is the National Community Pharmacists Association (NCPA), which lobbied on the first of Congressman Marinos three healthcare bills (H.R.1946). Beginning five weeks after Congressman Marino introduced the bill, in the summer of 2011, the NCPA gave its first of eleven donations to his campaign; in the months afterward, ten of its member corporations (listed on the right) followed suit, totaling $47,500. Only one of the member corporations had reported lobbying on the bill itself.

    Source: The Federal Election Commission and the Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives.!

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    Intellectual Property Owners According to the Center for Responsive Politics, [C]ongressional committees are the legislative trenches - and the bigger the bill, the higher the stakes, the more generous the campaign donations to members of the committee with jurisdiction over the issue.ii During the first quarter of 2014, 135 organizations reported themselves as lobbying on intellectual property issues. Over a quarter (34) donated to Congressman Marino, who is the Vice-Chairman of the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Courts, and the Internet. One of the most controversial bills in recent years to come before the Subcommittee was SOPA, the Stop Online Piracy Act, which would have given the federal government more power to regulate the internet and police it for breaches of copyright.iii Congressman Marino was a cosponsor of SOPA, and remained so after several prominent protests.iv At least sixteen groups that publically supported SOPA donated to him.v In recent months, Congressman Marino has come out in strong support of the Songwriter Equity Act, which would offer additional legal justifications for musicians seeking increased royalty payments.vi Four out of nine organizations that reported lobbying for the bill have donated to Congressman Marino, including the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers, which has devoted over 80% of its donations in the House of Representatives to 16 out of the 25 members of the Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Courts, and the Internet.vii Twenty-three of Congressman Marinos donors have reported lobbying both on intellectual property issues and cybersecurity, which is the main focus of the House Homeland Security Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies, which Congressman Marino also sits on. This group includes Congressman Marinos biggest single PAC donor, Comcast ($22,500 in aggregate donations) and his third biggest PAC donor, the American Bankers Association ($19,500 in aggregate donations). Rare Earth Metals Gadolinium oxide, Yttrium oxide, Europium oxide, Lanthanum oxide, and Cerium nitrate are all examples of rare earth metals, a group of compounds that are useful for many sectors of industry and manufacturing, especially aircraft and electronics. Congressman Marino introduced seven separate bills to lower tariffs on these metals, without any public explanation. A look at the lobbying record reveals that only one organization reported lobbying on any of the seven bills the National Electrical Manufacturers Association and it lobbied on all seven.

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    Five of Congressman Marinos donors are members of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association: General Electric, Cardinal Health, Honeywell International, L-3 Communications, and DuPont. All five use rare earth metals in their products, and none lobbied on any of the six bills themselves.viii Their donations to Congressman Marino totaled $19,000. Other Corporate Interests There are few major U.S. industries not represented among Congressman Marinos donors, and his legislation has also covered a diverse range of policy areas, leading to a few more striking examples. Congressman Marino authored the Energy Infrastructure Improvement Act (H.R. 1587), which would allow fossil fuel companies to bypass conservation regulations more easily and build pipelines on federal lands. Out of nine corporations that lobbied on the bill, seven either donated to Congressman Marino or were trade organizations whose members donated to Congressman Marino. All were petroleum, gas, and electric companies. The SNAP Transparency Act, authored by Congressman Marino, proposes that the government monitor and record detailed information on which items are purchased with food stamps a bill that does not appear to serve any particular special interest. But the list of groups that lobbied on the bill shows that it includes both the Food Marketing Institute and Pepsi Cola. Sometimes a list of supporters reveals more about a bill than its own text; members of the food industry may have wished to take advantage of free information from the federal government on consumer purchasing patterns. Though most of the food companies on Congressman Marinos PAC donor list could not be fully linked to the bill, four of the contributors are members of the Food Marketing Institute. On June 9th, 2014, Congressman Marino introduced the Chronic Kidney Disease Improvement in Research and Treatment Act, which would increase federal resources devoted to the treatment of kidney disease. In the next three weeks, Davita, a kidney disease treatment company that had reported lobbying on the bill, donated an additional $2,000 to Marino. The Kidney Care Council, which published an issue brief in favor of Marinos bill, donated an additional $3,650 in those three weeks.ix Lobbyists and Other Congressmen: Corporations are not the only PACs that seek to exercise influence over members of Congress. Fourteen PACs associated with lobbying firms have donated to Congressman Marino over the last four years. Several of these lobbyists have lobbied for other corporations whose PACs have donated to Congressman Marino; one example is Nelson, Mullins, Riley & Scarborough, which donated $5,000 to Congressman Marino and lobbies for at least four of his other donors. Finally, Congressman Marino has accepted $69,000 from other sitting congressmen, through campaign committees and leadership PACs, all Republican.

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    Source: The Federal Election Commission and the Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. Conclusion This report is intended to raise important questions based on verifiable facts and publicly available information; it is not intended to offer conclusive answers with regard to the Congressmans legislative activity or to suggest any unlawful behavior. Indeed, Congressman Marino very well may be able to justify the legislative activity in question on its own merits, independent of the campaign contributions he has received. But that would be beside the point. The financing of our elections and the functioning of our political process in such a fashion should be unacceptable. Citizens should not have to question the motivations of their representatives, although they may disagree with their actions. The appearance of corruption can be just as poisonous to our democracy as corruption itself, as public trust and confidence in our institutions decline, so too does active civic participation. There is a better way, and it can start when voters head to the polls on November 4th. Because no matter how powerful the special interests become in Washington, the most powerful force in our government remains the votes of the people.

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    Appendix A: Congressman Marinos PAC Donations, Broken Down " All groups listed below as lobbying on a certain bill or topic reported themselves

    as such to the U.S. House of Representatives Office of the Clerk (http://disclosures.house.gov/ld/ldsearch.aspx).

    " Donation information was gathered from Congressman Marinos reports to the Federal Elections Commission.

    " Trade organization member lists were drawn from each organizations respective website.

    " Information about which PACs are affiliated with sitting congressmen was provided by the Center for Responsive Politics.

    " An organization is categorized as a lobbying firm if it employs lobbyists to lobby for clients other than itself.

    A. Donations from groups that lobbied on or publically advocated for one or more bills authored by Congressman Marino (Groups that did not lobby, but advocated, are in italics) $133,150: Total $7,500: Associated Builders and Contractors, Inc. (H.R.2641) $500: Association of American Railroads PAC (H.R.2641) $2,000: Cardinal Health, Inc. PAC (H.R.4069) $2,000: COALPAC, of the National Mining Association (H.R.2641) $3,000: CSX Corporation Good Government Fund (H.R.2641) $2,500: CVS/Caremark Corporation Employees PAC (H.R.4069, H.R.1188, H.R.1946) $2,000: DuPont Good Government Fund (H.R.6062) $2,500: The PAC of the Fertilizer Institute (H.R.2641) $7,000: General Electric Company PAC (H.R.1587) $2,500: Healthcare Distribution Management Association PAC (H.R.4069) $4,000: Humane Society Legislative Fund (H.R. 366, H.R.2492) $2,000: Independent Insurance Agents and Brokers of America, PAC (H.R.3815) $5,000: Intel Corporation PAC (H.R.3239) $2,000: International Academy of Compounding Pharmacists (H.R.4069) $9,650: Kidney Care Council PAC (H.R.4814) $1,000: Medco Health PAC (H.R.1946) $3,000: National Association of Chain Drug Stores PAC (H.R.4069) $6,500: National Association of Home Builders PAC (H.R.2641) $14,500: National Community Pharmacists Association PAC (H.R.4069) $3,000: National Federation of Independent Business (H.R.2641) $2,000: National Roofing Contractors Association PAC (H.R.2641) $5,000: Nisource Inc. PAC (H.R.1587) $7,000: Norfolk Southern Corporation Good Government Fund (H.R.2641) $1,000: Sempra Energy Employees PAC (H.R.1587)

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    B. Donations from groups belonging to trade organizations that lobbied on or publically supported one or more bills authored by Congressman Marino $234,750: Total Members of Americas Health Insurance Plans (H.R. 1188, H.R.1946) $1,000: Cigna Corporation PAC $6,000: Fresenius Medical Care North America PAC $1,000: MetLife Inc. Political Participation Fund A $1,500: New York Life Insurance Company PAC $1,000: Universal American Corp. PAC $1,000: United Health Group Inc. PAC Members of America's Natural Gas Alliance (H.R.1587) $5,250: Anadarko Petroleum Corporation PAC $1,000: Cabot Oil & Gas Corporation PAC $7,500: Chesapeake Energy Corporation FED-PAC

    Members of the American Chemistry Council (H.R.2641) $1,000: BP Corporation North America, Inc. PAC $2,000: DuPont Good Government Fund $2,500: Honeywell International PAC $500 : Linde North America Inc. PAC $1,000: Marathon Petroleum Corporation Employees PAC $5,000: Merck & Co., Inc. Employees PAC $1,000: Praxair, Inc. PAC $1,000: Procter and Gamble Good Government Fund Members of the American Council of Engineering Companies (H.R.2641) $1,000: Bentley Systems PAC Members of the American Iron & Steel Institute (H.R.2641) $2,000: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Political Alliance $3,000: CSX Corporation Good Government Fund $9,000: Northrop Grumman Corporation Employees PAC $7,000: Norfolk Southern Corporation Good Government Fund $1,000: Praxair, Inc. PAC Members of the Forging Industry Association (H.R.2641) $3,000: BAE Systems Inc. PAC $7,000: General Dynamics Corporation PAC Members of the Food Marketing Institute (H.R.1752) $2,000: Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. PAC $1,000: Kellogg Company Better Government Committee $1,000: MillerCoors LLC PAC $1,000: Cargill, Inc. PAC (subsidiaries are members)

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    Members of the Health IT Now Coalition (H.R.3239) $1,000: American Occupational Therapy Association PAC $5,500: AmerisourceBergen Corporation PAC $3,000: The Boeing Company PAC $6,000: Verizon Communications Inc. PAC Members of the Healthcare Leadership Council (H.R.3239) $5,500: AmerisourceBergen Corporation PAC $5,500: Amgen Inc. PAC $4,500: Cardinal Health Inc. PAC $5,000: Merck & Co., Inc., Employees PAC $10,000: Sanofi Pasteur PAC $2,000: Walgreen Co. PAC Members of the Interstate Natural Gas Assn of America (H.R.1587) $6,000: Dominion PAC $1,000: Sempra Energy Employees PAC $6,000: Nisource Inc. PAC Members of the National Association Of Chain Drug Stores (H.R.4069) $2,500: CVS/Caremark Corporation Employees PAC $4,000: Wal-Mart Stores Inc. PAC for Responsible Government $2,000: Walgreen Co. PAC Members of the National Community Pharmacists Association (H.R.1188, H.R.1946) $5,500: AmerisourceBergen Corporation PAC $5,500: Amgen Inc. PAC $1,000: Bayer Corporation PAC $4,500: Cardinal Health Inc. PAC $1,000: Cephalon, Inc. Employees PAC (parent company is a member) $2,500: Eisai Inc. PAC $1,000: Genentech Inc. PAC $3,000: GlaxoSmithKline PAC $5,000: Merck & Co., Inc., Employees PAC $1,500: Pfizer Inc. PAC Members of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (H.R.5179-84) $4,500: Cardinal Health Inc. PAC $7,000: General Electric Company PAC $2,500: Honeywell International PAC $3,000: L-3 Communications Corporation PAC $2,000: DuPont Good Government Fund Members of the Nuclear Energy Institute (H.R.2641) $6,000: Dominion PAC $2,000: Exelon Corporation PAC

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    $9,000: FirstEnergy Corp. PAC $1,000: Fluor Corporation PAC $7,000: General Dynamics Corporation PAC $7,000: General Electric Company PAC $2,500: Honeywell International PAC $16,000: Lockheed Martin Corporation Employees PAC $20,500: PPL People For Good Government $1,000: Westinghouse Electric Company PAC Members of the Pharmaceutical Care Management Assn (H.R.1188, H.R.1946) $2,500: Cvs/Caremark Corporation Employees PAC $5,500: Amgen Inc. PAC $1,000: Baxter Healthcare PAC $1,000: Bayer Corporation PAC $1,000: Cephalon, Inc. Employees PAC (parent company is a member) $1,000: Cigna Corporation PAC $2,500: Eisai Inc. PAC $6,000: Fresenius Medical Care North America PAC $1,000: Genentech Inc. PAC $1,000: Gilead Sciences Inc Healthcare Policy PAC $3,000: GlaxoSmithKline PAC $1,000: Grifols, Inc. PAC $5,000: Merck & Co., Inc., Employees PAC $1,500: Pfizer Inc. PAC $10,000: Sanofi Pasteur PAC $5,500: Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc. PAC Members of Pharmaceutical Research & Manufacturers Of America (H.R.4069) $5,500: Amgen Inc. PAC $2,500: Eisai Inc. PAC $3,000: GlaxoSmithKline PAC $5,000: Merck & Co., Inc., Employees PAC $1,500: Pfizer Inc. PAC $10,000: Sanofi Pasteur PAC Members of the Western Energy Alliance (H.R.2641) $5,250: Anadarko Petroleum Corporation PAC $1,000: BP Corporation North America Inc. PAC $7,500: Chesapeake Energy Corporation Fed-Pac $7,000: General Electric Company PAC $5,000: Halliburton Company PAC $6,000: Koch Industries Inc. PAC $1,000: Marathon Petroleum Corporation Employees PAC $2,500: El Paso Corporation PAC $5,000: Weston Solutions Inc. PAC $5,000: WPX Energy, Inc. PAC

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    C. Donations from groups with an interest in the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and Security Technologies $205,178: Total $2,500: Amazon.com PAC $19,500: American Bankers Association PAC $2,000: American Institute Of Certified Public Accountants PAC $3,000: American Intellectual Property Law Association PAC $5,500: Amgen Inc. PAC $1,000: Baxter Healthcare PAC $1,000: Bayer Corporation PAC $2,000: Best Buy Co., Inc. Employee Political Forum $1,000: Cargill, Incorporated PAC $2,000: CBS Corporation PAC $1,000: Cephalon, Inc. Employees PAC $1,000: Clear Channel Communications Inc. PAC $22,500: Comcast Corporation PAC $5,178: Consumer Electronics Association PAC $4,000: The PAC of Credit Union National Association $1,000: The PAC of the Directors Guild Of America Inc. $6,000: Dominion PAC $2,000: DuPont Good Government Fund $5,000: Ebay Inc. - Committee For Responsible Internet Commerce $1,000: Genentech Inc. PAC $7,000: General Electric Company PAC $1,000: Gilead Sciences Inc. Healthcare Policy PAC $3,000: GlaxoSmithKline PAC $1,000: Google Inc. PAC $3,500: Gridiron PAC (NFL) $5,000: Halliburton Company PAC $1,000: Information Technology Industry Council PAC $5,000: Intel Corporation PAC $6,000: Koch Industries Inc. PAC $5,000: Merck & Co., Inc., Employees PAC $9,500: Microsoft Corporation PAC $2,000: Motion Picture Association of America Inc. PAC $8,000: National Association Of Broadcasters PAC $5,000: National Cable And Telecommunications Association PAC $5,000: National Venture Capital Association PAC $500: NMPAC (National Music Publishers of America) $2,500: Oracle America, Inc. PAC $1,500: Pfizer Inc. PAC $1,000: Rite Aid Corporation PAC $1,000: Salem Communications Corporation PAC $10,000: Sanofi Pasteur PAC $6,500: Sony Pictures Entertainment, Inc. PAC $3,000: The ASCAP Legislative Fund for the Arts

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    $1,000: The Procter & Gamble Company Good Government Fund $1,500: The Recording Industry Association Of America PAC $4,000: The Walt Disney Productions Employees PAC $5,500: Time Warner Inc. PAC $2,000: Universal Music Group PAC $4,500: Viacom International, Inc. PAC $4,000: Wal-Mart Stores Inc. PAC For Responsible Government $500: Yahoo! Inc. PAC $1,000: Yelp Inc PAC D. Donations from groups with an interest in the House Homeland Security Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies $256,678: Total $6,000: National Rural Electric Cooperative $2,500: Amazon.com PAC $19,500: American Bankers Association PAC $2,000: American Institute Of Certified Public Accountants PAC $5,500: Amgen Inc. PAC $17,000: AT&T Inc. Federal PAC $1,500: BNSF Railway Company PAC $7,500: Chesapeake Energy Corporation Fed- PAC $2,000: Cisco Systems, Inc. Federal PAC $1,000: Clear Channel Communications Inc. PAC $22,500: Comcast Corporation PAC $500: Competitive Carriers Association PAC $5,178: Consumer Electronics Association PAC $2,000: Deloitte Federal PAC $6,000: Dominion PAC $5,000: Ebay Inc - Committee For Responsible Internet Commerce $9,000: Employees Of Northrop Grumman Corporation PAC $2,000: Exelon Corporation PAC $9,000: FirstEnergy Corp. PAC $7,000: General Electric Company PAC $1,000: Google Inc. PAC $5,000: Halliburton Company PAC $2,500: Honeywell International PAC $5,000: Intel Corporation PAC $6,000: Koch Industries Inc. PAC $3,000: L-3 Communications Corporation PAC $16,000: Lockheed Martin Corporation Employees PAC $1,000: Metlife Inc Political Participation Fund A $9,500: Microsoft Corporation PAC $2,000: Motion Picture Association of America Inc. PAC $8,000: National Association Of Broadcasters PAC $5,000: National Cable And Telecommunications Association PAC

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    $6,000: Nisource Inc. PAC $2,500: Oracle America, Inc. PAC $20,500: PPL People For Good Government $1,000: Reed Elsevier Inc. PAC $1,000: Sempra Energy Employees PAC $6,500: Sony Pictures Entertainment, Inc. PAC $3,000: Sprint Nextel Corporation PAC $5,500: Time Warner Inc. PAC $1,500: Union Pacific Corp. Fund For Effective Government $1,000: Valero Energy Corporation PAC $6,000: Verizon Communications Inc PAC $1,000: Visa, Inc. PAC $4,000: Wal-Mart Stores Inc. PAC For Responsible Government $500: Yahoo! Inc. PAC E. Donations from PACs affiliated with sitting Congressmen $69,000: Total $1,000: Bachmann For Congress $7,500: BILL PAC $2,000: Bill Shuster For Congress $1,000: CMR PAC $1,000: Conservative Opportunities For a New America PAC $15,000: ERICPAC $1,000: FOXX PAC $2,000: Friends of Glenn Thompson $2,000: Friends of Joe Pitts $2,000: Friends of John Boehner $3,000: Jim Gerlach for Congress Committee $1,000: John S Fund $1,000: Kline For Congress $2,000: Linder For Congress $2,500: LONGHORN PAC $5,000: Majority Committee PAC $500: Mike R Fund $1,000: MICHELE PAC $2,000: NEW PAC $7,000: PIONEER PAC $2,500: PITTSPAC $1,000: Prosperity PAC $1,000: ROSKAM PAC $2,000: Scalise For Congress $2,000; Texans For Lamar Smith $1,000: Win Back America PAC

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    F. Donations from lobbying firms $28,500: Total $750: Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP Civic Action PAC $2,500: Arent Fox LLP PAC $1,000: Arnold & Porter LLP Partners PAC $500: Bingham McCutchen LLP PAC $500: Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck PAC $3,000: Covington and Burling LLP PAC $1,000: Edwards Wildman PAC $2,500: Ernst & Young PAC $250: Jochum Shore & Trossevin PAC $2,000: KPMG Partners/Principals & Employees PAC $5,000: Nelson Mullins Riley & Scarborough, LLP Federal Political Committee $500: Nossaman LLP PAC $7,500: Pricewaterhousecoopers PAC I $1,500: Thompson Coburn PAC

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    Appendix B: Charts with data referenced above 1. Congressman Marinos PAC Donations by Quarter Quarter Amount contributed by PACs 1/1/2010-3/31/2010 $5,500.00 4/1/2010-6/30/2010 $5,250.00 7/1/2010-9/30/2010 $20,100.00 10/1/2010-12/31/2010 $103,633.00 1/1/2011-3/31/2011 $34,700.00 4/1/2011-6/30/2011 $49,645.00 7/1/2011-9/30/2011 $44,000.00 10/1/2011-12/31/2011 $41,000.00 1/1/2012-3/31/2012 $62,500.00 4/1/2012-6/30/2012 $53,300.00 7/1/2012-9/30/2012 $67,750.00 10/1/2012-12/31/2012 $44,750.00 1/1/2013-3/31/2013 $19,997.00 4/1/2013-6/30/2013 $29,503.00 7/1/2013-9/30/2013 $51,000.00 10/1/2013-12/31/2013 $66,928.00 1/1/2014-3/30/2014 $74,750.00 4/1/2014-6/30/2014 $129,650.00 Most recent FEC report (May-June 2014) $116,650 2. Congressman Marinos Most Recent FEC Report Category Amount contributed % of total contributions Itemized individual contributions $60,210 33.0% Unitemized individual contributions $5,495 3.0% PAC contributions $116,650 64.0% Total $182,355 100.0% 3. Groups who lobbied on H.R.4069 Organization Donated to Marino? Healthcare Distribution Management Association Yes CVS Caremark Inc. Yes Cardinal Health, Inc. Yes National Association of Chain Drug Stores Yes Rite Aid Corporation Yes Jazz Pharmaceuticals No FedEx Corporation Yes National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners No National Community Pharmacists Association Yes Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America No

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    Groups who lobbied on H.R.1587 Organization Donated to Marino? Americas Natural Gas Alliance Yes General Electric Yes Interstate Natural Gas Association of America Yes Loews Corporation No Nisource, Inc. Yes Sempra Energy Yes Spectra Energy No The Williams Companies Yes The American Council of Engineering Companies Yes Appendix C: Notes !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!i See: https://c.ymcdn.com/sites/iacp.site-ym.com/resource/resmgr/CCH_2014/CCH_2014_Ask_Document_for_Su.pdf?hhSearchTerms=%224069%22 ii Committee for a Responsive Politics, https://www.opensecrets.org/cmteprofiles/ iii See: http://www.nationalreview.com/articles/284350/congress-censors-internet-nathaniel-botwinick iv http://www.politicspa.com/rep-marino-to-remain-co-sponsor-of-sopa-will-try-to-amend-the-bill/30949/ v For a list of SOPA supporters, see: Smith, Lamar United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee List of Supporters H.R. 3661, the "Stop Online Piracy Act" vi See: http://www.ascap.com/eventsawards/events/expo/news/2014/04/reps-chu-and-marino-call-for-support-of-the-songwriter-equity-act.aspx vii Committee for a Responsive Politics, https://www.opensecrets.org/pacs/pacgot.php?cycle=2014&cmte=C00228296 viii GE: http://www.gelighting.com/LightingWeb/na/resources/understanding-rare-earth-metals.jsp Cardinal Health: http://extww02a.cardinal.com/us/en/distributedproducts/ASP/H2160-34.asp?cat=laboratory&mfr=Corning Honeywell: https://www.alarmgrid.com/products/honeywell-944tre L-3: http://www2.l-3com.com/aoc/products/r_tfc.htm DuPont: http://www2.dupont.com/Dimethyl_Sulfate/en_US/uses_apps/other.html ix http://www.kidneycarepartners.org/images/hr4814-onepager.pdf