Omoe-teuxos Odikwn Siraggwn

download Omoe-teuxos Odikwn Siraggwn

If you can't read please download the document

  • date post

    13-Dec-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    2
  • download

    1

Embed Size (px)

description

Omoe-teuxos Odikwn Siraggwn

Transcript of Omoe-teuxos Odikwn Siraggwn

  • : . ,

    , .

    . , . .. -,

    2002

    . ,

  • .

    1 1

    2 1

    3 . 1

    4 2

    5 3

    6 . 21

    7 24

    8 24

    9 29

    10 35

    11 40

    12 : 41

    13 : 53

  • :

    72

    B: 76

    - 78

  • 1. 1.1

    (, , .) .

    1.2

    .

    1.3

    , (C+C).

    2. , . 3.

    . . . , . . . . ( ) . , . . . , , PIARC (Report of Technical Committee oh Road Tunnels, XVII World Road Congress 1983),

    - 1 -

  • . .

    4.

    -

    ( ) :

    ) (.. , ...) ) (.. , , ...) ) (.. , , , , .. ...).

    -

    / ( , ...) .

    -

    / , .

    - . / .

    -

    - /

    / . .

    - 2 -

  • 5: 5.1 , , , . . , , , . :

    , , , , (Economic Commission for Europe, 2001) :

    , , , . 5.2

    (-, 2001). Ve V V85. (). - 2sec. 80 km/h 100 km/h. (V85 > 10km/h) , , [-,

    - 3 -

  • 2001, ( )]. ,

    , ( , VMS ), , (speed monitoring).

    5.1 ( ). , 5.2 ( ). , 0.60 (Harwood et. Al., 1993). , , (-, 2001) .

    - 4 -

  • ( )d : ,

    + = 1.00m + 0.50m

    400

    450

    500

    550

    600

    650

    700

    750

    800

    850

    900

    950

    1000

    1050

    1100

    1150

    1200

    1250

    1300

    1350

    -4,0 -3,5 -3,0 -2,5 -2,0 -1,5 -1,0 -0,5 0,0 0,5 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 3,0 3,5 4,0

    s (%)

    Rmin (m

    )

    V = 80km/h,d=3.75m

    V = 90km/h,d=3.75m

    V = 100km/h,d=3.75m

    V = 80km/h,d=3.50m

    V = 90km/h,d=3.50m

    V = 100km/h,d=3.50m

    V = 100km/h

    V = 90km/h

    V = 80km/h

    5.1.

    ( ).

    - 5 -

  • ( )d : ,

    + = 1.00m + 0.50m

    250

    275

    300

    325

    350

    375

    400

    425

    450

    475

    500

    525

    550

    575

    600

    -4.0 -3.5 -3.0 -2.5 -2.0 -1.5 -1.0 -0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0

    s (%)

    Rmin (m

    )

    V = 80km/h,d=3.75m

    V = 90km/h,d=3.75m

    V = 100km/h,d=3.75m

    V = 80km/h,d=3.50m

    V = 90km/h,d=3.50m

    V = 100km/h,d=3.50m

    V = 100km/h

    V = 90km/h

    V = 80km/h

    5.2. ( , fT=0.60).

    - 6 -

  • 4%. (> 1km), 2.5%. :

    , , , 15km/h ( ). 5.1 .

    s (%) 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 (m) > 3000 > 3000 > 3000 1400 700 500 400 300 (m) > 3000 > 3000 > 3000 > 3000 > 3000 > 3000 1000 600

    : : :

    5.1: .

    , 5.1 , , . 5.1 (), . .

    . - 5.1. 5.3 , :

    - 7 -

  • , . , . , . . 4,50m. . , . 0.25m. 0.25m 0.50m. 5.3 . , 2,50m 50cm. . 3,75m 50cm . > 70cm, .

    - 8 -

  • 5.3: . , . (). 5.4 . 5.5 5.6 . , 2,00m ( 26 33).

    - 9 -

  • 6

    4

    2+1

    2

    6

    4

    2+1

    2

    280,000 100,0000 20,000 40,000 60,000

    EMHK (./24h)

    33t 33t / 33T

    26t/26T

    33t 33t/33T

    26t 26t/26T

    26t

    10.5T

    10.5T

    10.5T

    10.5T

    1

    10.5T

    5.4.

    . 29,5 . :

    ,

    ,

    ,

    (0 4%),

    (0 20%)

    ()

    - 10 -

  • 6 6 33

    (...) 6

    6 6 33 t

    (...) 6

    4 4 26

    (...) 4

    4 6 26 t

    ( (...) 4

    5.5. ().

    - 11 -

  • 4 29.5

    4 26 r 26

    2+1 2 10.5

    2 10.0

    5.6. ().

    - 12 -

  • 5.4 : 5.4.1 , . 5.4.2 , . 1050m. 700m 1100m . , , . . 5.7 5.8 .

    ( ) : : , : / , : 5.7. .

    - 13 -

  • ( ) : : , : / , : 5.8. .

    5.4.3 , 700m, 350m, . 50m 1.0m 1.5m . . , , . . 3,0m . . 5.9 . 5.10. 0,5% 10,0%. . 2,0%.

    - 14 -

  • ( ) : : , : 5.9. ().

    - 15 -

  • 5.10. . 5.4.4 - , , . , . . . . 2.5%.

    - 16 -

  • 4.50m . . (> 6km) , . 5.11 .

    ( ) : : , : 5.11.

    (). 5.12 5.13 .

    - 17 -

  • 5.12. .

    - 18 -

  • 5.13. . 5.14 .

    - 19 -

  • 5.14. . 5.4.5 1,00m. 7 cm. (. ), . 0.50m , 1.00m (Design of Road Tunnels, 1999). . 5.4.6 . , . . 5.5 :

    - 20 -

  • (. ) .

    6

    . , , : 6.1

    , . . :

    6.1.1 .

    . 6.1.2.

    . 6.1.3. 1:5000.

    ( ) 1 . , . 500 .

    6.1.4.

    . 6.1.5.

    , ( ).

    6.1.6.

    .

    6.1.7.

    .

    - 21 -

  • 6.1.8. . .

    6.1.9. .

    . 6.1.10. . 6.1.11.

    . 6.1.12.

    .

    6.1.13.

    .

    6.2.

    ( ) .

    , , , . , , : 6.2.1. . 6.2.2.

    1:2000 . 1:500 . 500 , 500 . 1:5000.

    6.2.3. . .

    6.2.4. .

    6.2.5. . .

    - 22 -

  • 6.2.6. , , .

    6.2.7. .

    6.2.8. . 1:2000 , , , .

    6.2.9. (, , , ...).

    6.2.10. .

    , ,