Nanotechnology, what is it?

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  • Royal DSM

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Nanotechnology, what is it?What are the potential applications andwhat is their social and environmental utility?

    Dr.ir. Germ W. Visser / 2008-09-16Sixth Session Forum VI, Plenary SessionNanotechnology and manufactured nanomaterials:opportunities and challengesLe Meridien President, Dakar, Senegal

    = dwarf

    The Voice of OECD Business

    Royal DSM

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    OutlineOutline

    Royal DSM N.V. figures DSM and nanotechnologies at DSM bio- and nanotechnologies

    Nanotechnologies nano? value chain and revenues humanitys top ten problems nanotechnologies enabling solutions

    Risk and risk management risk versus hazard risk assessment occupational health

    Closing remarks

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Royal DSM N.V. in 2006 / 2007Royal DSM N.V. in 2006 / 2007

    ..PerformanceMaterialsSales 2.8 bnEBITDA 429 m

    PerformanceMaterialsSales 2.8 bnEBITDA 429 m

    NutritionPerformanceMaterials

    IndustrialChemicals

    PharmaOther

    OtherSales 0.4 bn

    OtherSales 0.4 bn

    Nutrition

    Sales 2.4 bnEBITDA 464 m

    Nutrition

    Sales 2.4 bnEBITDA 464 m

    IndustrialChemicalsSales 1.9 bnEBITDA 269 m

    IndustrialChemicalsSales 1.9 bnEBITDA 269 m

    Pharma

    Sales 0.9 bnEBITDA 146 m

    Pharma

    Sales 0.9 bnEBITDA 146 m

    Operating profit (EBIT) EUR 835 million, 6% higher than in 2005

    Workforce: 22,156Net sales 8.352 bnNet sales 8.757 bn Workforce: 23,254

    Operating profit (EBIT) EUR 823 million, 1% lower than in 2006

    Royal DSM

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Engaged and committed business is fundamental to societal progress

    DSM and ResponsibilityDSM and ResponsibilityCommunity Programs designed to helpCommunity Programs designed to help

    DSM Global partner of UN WFP (World Food Program)Nutritional Improvement Program (NIP) Sight and Life: DSM humanitarian project: Micronutrient distribution

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    DSM world market leader in Dow Jones Sustainability World Index for the years 2004, 2005, 2006

    ACC Responsible Care Leadership Award 2007 Developing/introducing a number of nano-applications Actively participating in

    fact finding: international working groups, conferences, literature policy making: EC task forces, Dutch politics, ISO/CEN/NEN education: Hogeschool Zuyd curriculum (prof. P. Borm) information: interviews with local press, lectures (worldwide),

    nanoHouse

    Public acceptance is crucial for market successes perception is key trust

    DSM Position Paper on nanotechnologies

    DSM and nanotechnologiesDSM and nanotechnologies

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Nanotechnologies Nanotechnologies convergence of 3 wavesconvergence of 3 waves

    A. ten Wolde: Nanotechnology; towards a molecular construction kit, Netherlands Study Centre for Technology Trends (STT), 1988

    impa

    ct o

    n so

    ciet

    y

    19701950 1990 2010 2030 2050

    solid

    -sta

    te te

    chno

    logy

    biot

    echn

    olog

    yna

    note

    chno

    logy

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Interaction between bioInteraction between bio-- and nanotechnologyand nanotechnology

    Adapted from J. M. Lehn, Supramolecular Chemistry , Wiley-VCH (1995)

    Expansionvia Biotechnology

    Expansion via Nanotechnology

    Bioterials

    diversity

    controlledcomplexity

    Chemistry

    Biology

    Combining DSMs competences

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Performance Materials: ample opportunitiesPerformance Materials: ample opportunities

    Performance Materials

    Nanotechnology

    E&E

    Transportation

    Building &Construction

    Safety & Protection

    Packaging

    Global networking

    Growing middle classIndividualization Safety

    Environment

    Societal & technology trends create opportunities in many markets

    Paint &Coatings

    Bio-based

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Logitech VX Nano

    NanoNano -- but how about Nanotechnologies?but how about Nanotechnologies?

    Fatos Nano (1952),Albania

    Nano Cafe, Kurfrstenstrasse, Berlin

    iPodnano

    TATA Nano

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Nanotechnologies Nanotechnologies -- invented by natureinvented by nature

    Mor

    pho

    rhet

    enor

    Movement of bacterial flagellar

    http

    ://w

    ww

    .npn

    .jst.g

    o.jp

    /

    Gecko Gecko

    Morpho sulkowskyiSaito et al.: J.Vac.Sci.Techn.B 24(6) Nov/Dec 2006, 3248

    Lam

    proc

    yphu

    sau

    gust

    us

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Nanotechnologies Nanotechnologies -- lotus effectlotus effect

    Pieter v.d. Wal, Groningen University, 2005

    Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)Tai Fu Shan, Panyu, Guangdong, ChinaApril 2006 (SK Ng)

    William Thielicke, Darmstadt, Germany, May 19, 2006

    Prof. Dr. W. Barthlott

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    NanotechnologiesNanotechnologies

    Nanotechnologies nanoparticles have been around for ever different origins (biological, organic, inorganic) essential to life as well as life-threatening

    HIV virus, ~100 nm10 nm

    Annimation: Bohnes PDB2multiGIF (http://www.glycosciences.de/modeling/pdb2mgif/)

    Ferritin, ~12 nm

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Natural sources

    NanoparticlesNanoparticles

    Sea spraying Volcano (Etna) Sand storm, Al Asad, Iraq, 2005-04-26

    Bitterroot National Forest, Montana, 2000-08-06John McColgan

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Lustre on Majolica dish, 1525Museo Civico Palazzo dei Consoli, Gubbio, It.

    Nanotechnologies Nanotechnologies -- ancient artancient art

    Labors of the MonthsNorwich, England, ca. 1480

    The Lycurgus Cup4th century AD

    Maya Warrior,The Cleveland Museum of Art (250-900)

    Maya pottery

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Nanotechnologies Nanotechnologies -- applications treeapplications tree

    New Dimensions for Manufacturing; A UK Strategy for Nanotechnology, June 2002

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Nanotechnologies Nanotechnologies -- scale of thingsscale of things

    http://ww

    w.sc.doe.gov/bes/scale_of_things.htm

    l, May 26, 2006, Version

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Nanotechnologies Nanotechnologies -- definitiondefinition

    N. Taniguchi, "On the Basic Concept of 'NanoTechnology'," Proc. Intl. Conf. Prod. Eng. Tokyo, Part II, Japan Society of Precision Engineering, 1974, pp 18-23

    First definition of Nano-Technology, Norio Taniguchi, 1974:

    'Nano-technology' is the production technology to get the extra high accuracy and ultra fine dimensions, i.e. the preciseness and fineness on the order of 1 nm (nanometer), 10-9m in length. The name of 'Nano-technology' originates from this nanometer. In the processing of materials, the smallest bit size of stock removal, accretion or flow of materials is probably of one atom or one molecule namely 0.1~0.2 nm in length. Therefore, the expected limit size of fineness would be of the order of 1 nm. Accordingly, 'Nano-technology' mainly consists of the processing of separation, consolidation and deformation of materials by one atom or one molecule. Needless to say, the measurement and controlltechniques to measure the preciseness and fineness of 1 nm play a very important role in this technology.

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Nanotechnologies Nanotechnologies -- definitionsdefinitions

    www.iso.org

    First edition2008-08-15

    nanoscale: size range from appr.1 nm to 100 nm nano-object: material with one,two or three external dimensionsin the nanoscale particle: minute piece of matterwith defined physical boundaries nanoparticle: nano-object withall three external dimensionsin the nanoscale nanoplate, -fiber, -tube, -rod, -wire,quantum dot

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    NanoparticlesNanoparticles -- what makes the differencewhat makes the difference

    Trudy E. Bell: Understanding Risk Assessment of Nanotechnology, 2007

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    hydrogen atom0,1 nm (1)

    bottom up top down

    molecule0,5 nm (5)

    MacroscopicmatterMicrosystem

    celltotal control

    1 m

    plant lousetotal control

    1 mm

    supramolecular systemno control

    10 nm

    biopolymertotal control

    synthetic polymerlimited control

    1 nm

    ribosometotal control

    semi syntheticbiopolymer

    Nanotechnologies Nanotechnologies -- a matter of controla matter of control

    Hybrane derivativemoderate control

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    Visser 2008-09-16 Nanotechnology what is it

    Nanotechnologies Nanotechnologies -- self assemblyself assembly

    Peptide-amphiphile nanofibers,Stupp et al, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA

    Nanorods of cadmium sulfide with silver-sulfide quantum dots (