Modern era architecture

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  2. 2. Architecture (Latin architectura, after the Greek arkhitekton from - "chief" and "builder, carpenter, mason") is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructingbuildings and other physical structures. Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements. "Architecture" can mean: A general term to describe buildings and other physical structures.[3] The art and science of designing buildings and (some) nonbuilding structures.[3] The style of design and method of construction of buildings and other physical structures.[3] The practice of the architect, where architecture means offering or rendering professional services in connection with the design and construction of buildings, or built environments.[4] The design activity of the architect,[3] from the macro-level (urban design, landscape architecture) to the micro-level (construction details and furniture).
  3. 3. Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer, and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 532. Wright believed in designing structures that were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture.
  4. 4. Fallingwater (1935)
  5. 5. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (1959)
  6. 6. Kenz Tange ( Tange Kenz?, 4 September 1913 22 March 2005) was a Japanese architect, and winner of the 1987Pritzker Prize for architecture. He was one of the most significant architects of the 20th century, combining traditional Japanese styles with modernism, and designed major buildings on five continents. Tange was also an influential patron of the Metabolist movement. He said: "It was, I believe, around 1959 or at the beginning of the sixties that I began to think about what I was later to call structuralism", (cited in Plan 2/1982, Amsterdam), a reference to the architectural movement known as Dutch Structuralism.
  7. 7. Yoyogi National Gymnasium (1964)
  8. 8. Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum (1955)
  9. 9. Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (3 February 1898 11 May 1976) was a Finnish architect and designer, as well as a sculptor and painter.[1]His work includes architecture, furniture, textiles and glassware. The span of his career, from the 1920s to the 1970s, is reflected in the styles of his work, ranging fromNordic Classicism of the early work, to a rational International Style Modernism during the 1930s to a more organic modernist style from the 1940s onwards. His furniture designs were considered Scandinavian Modern.
  10. 10. Auditorium of the University of Technology, Helsinki, Finland (194966)
  11. 11. Gottlieb Eliel Saarinen (Finnish pronunciation: [eliel srinen]; August 20, 1873 July 1, 1950) was a Finnish architect known for his work with art deco buildings in the early years of the 20th century.
  12. 12. Kleinhans Music Hall
  13. 13. Eero Saarinen (Finnish pronunciation: [ero srinen]) (August 20, 1910 September 1, 1961) was a Finnish American architect andindustrial designer of the 20th century famous for shaping his neofuturistic style according to the demands of the project: simple, sweeping, arching structural curves or machine-like rationalism.[1]
  14. 14. TWA Flight Center at JFK International Airport
  15. 15. Sculpture Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions and one of the plastic arts. Durable sculptural processes originally used carving (the removal of material) and modelling (the addition of material, as clay), in stone, metal,ceramics, wood and other materials but, since modernism, shifts in sculptural process led to an almost complete freedom of materials and process. A wide variety of materials may be worked by removal such as carving, assembled by welding or modelling, or molded, or cast.
  16. 16. Filippo Brunelleschi (Italian: [filippo brunelleski]; 1377 April 15, 1446) was one of the foremost architects and engineers of the Italian Renaissance.[2] He is perhaps most famous for his development of linear perspective and for engineering the dome of the Florence Cathedral, but his accomplishments also include other architectural works, sculpture, mathematics, engineering and even ship design. His principal surviving works are to be found in Florence, Italy.
  17. 17. Marble sculpture of a Dancer
  18. 18. Madonna with Child
  19. 19. Abstract Art Abstract art uses a visual language of form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world. Abstraction indicates a departure from reality in depiction of imagery in art. This departure from accurate representation can be slight, partial, or complete. Total abstraction bears no trace of any reference to anything recognizable. In geometric abstraction, for instance, one is unlikely to find references to naturalistic entities.Figurative art and total abstraction are almost mutually exclusive. But figurative and representational (or realistic) art often contains partial abstraction. Both geometric abstraction and lyrical abstraction are often totally abstract. Among the very numerous art movements that embody partial abstraction would be for instance fauvism in which color is conspicuously and deliberately altered vis-a-vis reality, and cubism, which blatantly alters the forms of the real life entities depicted.[3][4]
  20. 20. Marcel Duchamp (French: [masl dy]; 28 July 1887 2 October 1968) was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player, and writer whose work is associated with Dadaism[1][2] and conceptual art,[3] although not directly associated with Dada groups. Duchamp is commonly regarded, along with Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the twentieth century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture.[4][5][6][7] Duchamp has had an immense impact on twentieth-century and twenty first-century art. By World War I, he had rejected the work of many of his fellow artists (like Henri Matisse) as "retinal" art, intended only to please the eye. Instead, Duchamp wanted to put art back in the service of the mind.[8]
  21. 21. Nude Descending on a Staircase No.2
  22. 22. Nude (Study), Sad Young Man on a Train
  23. 23. LEARNING ACTIVITY SHEET # 2.11 Activity Title: Swirling Circles Learning Target: Make an example of an abstract art Reference/s: MAPEH in Action IV Author: Carolina Talavera-Gonzalez, Concept Note: Marcel Duchamp was one of the early proponents of abstract painting. He wants to paint forms that seem to move. Materials: scissors, paste/glue, black art paper, pages of old magazines Procedure: 1. Make your own designs. You may also think of a subject (night owls, electronic gadgets, or eye of the typhoon). 2. Sketch your designs on the colored papers or pages of old magazines. 3. Cut and then layout your designs on the art paper. 4. Paste them in place to form an interesting artwork.
  24. 24. Learning Act. 2.12 Activity Title: Aboriginal Bark Painting Learning Target: Make an example of an art in the modern era Reference/s: MAPEH in Action IV Author: Carolina Talavera-Gonzalez, Materials: White paper, crayons, cotton, scissors Procedure: 1. Cover the paper with yellow crayon. Use short, quick strokes. 2. On top of the yellow crayon, add a layer using orange crayon. Use quick strokes. 3. Do three more layers in this order: red, brown, and black. Then rub the surface of your art paper with clean cotton. 4. Now, you can use your scissors to etch lines. Use the edges of the scissors to etch out solid areas or shapes. Keep your design simple.