Mihou Maria

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ΧΑΡΟΚΟΠΕΙΟ ΠΑΝΕΠΙΣΤΗΜΙΟ ΤΜΗΜΑ ΟΙΚΙΑΚΗΣ ΟΙΚΟΝΟΜΙΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΟΙΚΟΛΟΓΙΑΣ ΠΤΥΧΙΑΚΗ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑ ΜΕ ΤΙΤΛΟ : ΦΟΙΤΗΤΡΙΑ: ΜΙΧΟΥ ΜΑΡΙΑ Α.Μ.:20766 Επιβλέπουσα Καθηγήτρια : Κωσταρέλλη Βασιλική, Λέκτορας Τριμελής Επιτροπή : Κωσταρέλλη Βασιλική, Λέκτορας Αντωνοπούλου Αικατερίνη, Λέκτορας Βαμβακάρη Μαλβίνα, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια ΑΘΗΝΑ, 2010 ΔΙΑΤΑΡΑΓΜΕΝΗ ΔΙΑΤΡΟΦΙΚΗ ΣΥΜΠΕΡΙΦΟΡΑ ΕΙΚΟΝΑ ΣΩΜΑΤΟΣ & ΨΥΧΙΚΗ ΥΓΕΙΑ ΑΘΛΗΤΡΙΩΝ ΚΑΛΑΘΟΣΦΑΙΡΙΣΗΣ

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  • :

    :

    ..:20766

    : ,

    : ,

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    ,

    , 2010

    &

  • 2

    ................................................................................................................................ 4

    ................................................................................................................................... 5

    1: & ......................................................................... 6

    1.1 : (Basketball) ...................................................................................... 7

    1.1.1: ............................................................................................. 7

    1.1.2 : ............................................................................................. 10

    1.2: ............................................... 11

    1.3 : ............................................................................. 11

    1.3.1 : ....................... 11

    1.3.2 : ...................................................... 13

    1.3.3 : ............................ 16

    1.4 : ................................................................................. 17

    2 : & ............................... 19

    2.1 : .................................................................. 19

    2.1.1 : ............................................................................................... 21

    2.1.2 : ............................................................................................... 23

    2.1.3 : ...................................... 24

    2.2 : & .................................................................... 25

    2.2.1: ................................................................................................... 25

    2.2.2 : & ... 27

    3 : ........................................................................ 30

    4 : .......................................................................................................................... 33

    4.1 : ............................................................................................................................ 34

  • 3

    4.2 : .............................................................................................................. 36

    4.3 : ................................................................................................. 37

    5 : ............................................................................................................ 38

    5.1 : ............................................................................................................. 38

    5.2 : .................................................................................................. 38

    5.3 : ................................................................................................................... 42

    6 : ................................................................................................... 43

    & ......................................... 43

    .............................................................. 44

    ................................................................................. 61

    ......................................................................................... 62

    ............................................................................................... 67

    .......................................................................................................................... 68

    ................................................................................................ 73

    7 : .............................................................................. 75

    7.1 : ............................................................................................. 75

    7.2 : ......................................................................................................... 76

    7.3 : ............................................................................................................... 78

    7.4 : ............................. 79

    ..................................................................................................................... 81

    ......................................................................................................................... 86

  • 4

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    2010

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    (n=74) (n=80). , : ,

    (EAT-26), (STAI), (MBSRQ), Rosenberg Collins.

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  • 6

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  • 7

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    (Goudas & Giannoudis, 2008).

    1.1 : (Basketball)

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    - ... 4 , 4

    (Douglas B. McKeag, 2003). , , 1 .

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    (www.fitsn.com).

    1.1.1 :

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  • 8

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    James Naismith

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    (www.basket.gr). Naismith, Frank Mahan,

    Naismith Ball, ,

    . . Basket ball! To ! .

    (www.basketinfo.gr).

    :

    01 1936:

    07 1953:

  • 10

    1958: -. Slavia Sofias.

    1976: (www.basket.gr).

    1.1.2 :

    1918 ( ) -- " ". , , . ,

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    . 1958 (15/04/1958).

    1970

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  • 11

    11366/10-04-1970 . 1198 423.183 (www.basket.gr).

    1.2 :

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    (.. , , ) . ,

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    1000 , 2 . ,

    21 . 65%

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    1.3 :

    1.3.1 :

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  • 12

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    , center, forward guard ( et al, 2005).

    ,

    . 168 14

    1994. 64 guards, 57 forwards 47 centers. :

    Guards : 25.43.3 , 1.720.06 m, 66.16.2 kg, = 2.9 3.9 2.6

    Forwards : 25.23.8 , 1.810.06 m, 73.35.9 kg, = 2.8 3.5 3.2

    Centres : 24.13.1 , 1.900.06 m, 82.68.2 kg, = 3.2 3.1 3.4

    ,

    - , guards centers forwards centers (Carter et al, 2005).

    centers

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    forwards guards. centers

  • 13

    , ,

    (Bale, 1991). centers ,

    guards. , (Matkowic et al, 1994).

    1.3.2 :

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    : 50-60%, 15-20% 20-30%.

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    50% , , , 50% . 500-600g.

    10%

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    1,7g/kg-1 BW, 2g/kg-1 BW.

  • 14

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    1-1,2 g/kg-1 BW (Douglas B. McKeag, 2003). 3 :

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    15% , 30% 55% . 60%

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  • 15

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    (www.fitsn.com).

  • 16

    1.3.3 :

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    ( et al, 2006).

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    ASCI-28.

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    ASCI-28. : 1)

    , 2) ,

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  • 17

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    ( et al, 2006).

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    (Douglas B. McKeag, 2003). ,

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    (Drinkwater, 2000).

    1.4 :

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    1983-1998 69% 13%.

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  • 18

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    2

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  • 19

    2 : &

    2.1 :

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    (Palmer, 2006).

    (Goldschmidt et al, 2008).

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    (Fairburn & Harrison, 2003).

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    . (Herzog & Eddy, 2009). (Machado et al. 2007)

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    (Fairburn & Harrison 2003). ()

    ().

    (EDNOS) (Herzog & Eddy, 2009).

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  • 20

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    1

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    1.

    ( 90%)

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    0,7% ( ) 1-2% ( 16-35) ( 100000 ) 19 , 2 29 , 1

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  • 21

    2.1.1 :

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    DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), :

    85% . ,

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    (Walsh et al, 2000; Kaye, 2008; Palmer, 2006).

    . 1%

    10% 16-25 . 40-45% , 30%

  • 22

    25% . 10-15%, . , .

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    3,7%

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    ( & , 2004).

  • 23

    2.1.2 :

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    , 25%-30% (Kaye, 2008).

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    DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), :

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  • 24

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    50% . 30% . 25% (Walsh et al, 2000).

    2.1.3 :

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    (Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified, EDNOS) .

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    50% , . O

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    DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), :

  • 25

    ,

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    (BED, Binge Eating Disorder)

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    (Machado et al, 2007).

    2.2 : &

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  • 26

    (anorexia athletica). , .

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    , ( 5% ). ,

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    (female athlete triad).

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  • 27

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    2.2.2 : &

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    , 1620 1696 , .

    13,5% , 4,6%. , 20% , 8%.

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  • 28

    .

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    (Sundgot-Borgen & Torstveit, 2004).

    , 1445 (562 883 ), 11 11 . 9,2% 0,1%

    , 2,85% 0% . ,

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    67%, 54%, (Black et al, 2003).

    240 10 , 16,7% (Vardar et al, 2007). , 191 (104 87 ) 10,6% 4,6% . ,

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    (Stoujesdyk & Jevne, 1993).

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  • 29

    (Currie, 2009). ,

    : 1) , 2) 3) (Sundgot-Borgen, 1999; Currie, 2009; Black et al, 2003).

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  • 30

    3 :

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  • 31

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  • 32

    ( ), (Hausenblas & Downs, 2001).

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  • 33

    4 :

    .

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    , , ,

    , (www.sportpsychology.com).

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    (www.sportpsychology.com). 1960,

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    (North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, NASPSPA) 1967. , (Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology, AAASP)

    (www.sportpsychology.com).

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  • 34

    4.1 :

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    10-18 .

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    26 (60%) , 7 (16%) 10 (23%) . ,

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  • 35

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    (Woodman & Hardy, 2003). ,

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    240 , 10

    , 15-25 . ,

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    Taekwondo Judo . ,

    (Costarelli & Stamou, 2009).

    , 257 (167 90 ) , (Yang et al, 2007).

  • 36

    4.2 :

    (Woodman & Hardy, 2003). ,

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    2003 .

    42 .

    , 32 (76%) , 6 (14%) 4 (10%) . ,

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  • 37

    ,

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    4.3 :

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    :

    i. ,

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  • 38

    5 :

    5.1 :

    154 , 74

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    :

    i.

    ii. - Eating Attitudes Test-26 iii. Charles D. Spielberger State-

    Trait Anxiety Inventory STAI iv. Multidimentional Body-

    Self Questionnaire MBSRQ v. Morris Rosenberg

    vi. Collins

    .

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    , 6 (3 3 ),

  • 39

    ( ).

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    (Tam et al, 2007; Costarelli & Stamou, 2009).

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    , STAI STAI

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  • 40

    . 40 , 2 : 20

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    MBSRQ MBSRQ

    . 69 -, 10 :

    i.

    ii.

    iii.

    iv.

    v.

    vi.

    vii.

    viii.

    ix.

    x.

    1

    5 (Costarelli & Stamou, 2009; Costarelli et al,2009). , .

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  • 41

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    Rosenberg Morris Rosenberg,

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    Collins ,

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  • 42

    5.3 :

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    31 2009 18 2009.

    .

    31 2009 13 2009.

    ,

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  • 43

    6 :

    SPSS windows, 16. , MannWhitney U-Test.

    Spearman rank order correlation. ,

    .

    &

    154. , 25,07 , 1,71 m, 63,15 kg () 21,49 kg/ m2. , 25,21 , 1,68 m, 60,54 kg () 21,37 kg/ m2. , 24,92 , 1,75 m, 65,97 kg () 21,61 kg/ m2. t-test a=0,05,

    2 ( 1).

    1. & . ( ).

    (n=80)

    (n=74)

    (n=154) 25,21 (3,42) 24,92 (3,81) 25,07 (3,60) (m) 1,68 (0,06)* 1,75 (0,069)* 1,71 (0,71) (kg) 60,54 (7,60)* 65,97 ( 8,69)* 63,15 (8,55) (kg/ m2) 21,37 (2,29) 21,61 (1,84) 21,49 (2,08) (*p

  • 44

    ,

    .

    .

    ,

    29,9% , 27,9% 18,2% . 24% .

    1. (n=154).

  • 45

    .

    1. (n=80) & (n=74).

    ,

    .

  • 46

    2. (n=154).

    2. (n=80).

  • 47

    2. (n=74).

    ,

    .

    42,5% 50% 35% 31% .

    3. (n=154).

  • 48

    3. (n=80).

    3. (n=74).

  • 49

    .

    4. (n=154).

    4. (n=80) (n=74).

  • 50

    5. (n=154).

    5. (n=80) (n=74).

  • 51

    6. (n=154).

    6. (n=80) (n=74).

  • 52

    7. (154).

    7. (n=80) (n=74).

  • 53

    8. (n=154).

    8. (n=80) (n=74).

  • 54

    9. (n=154).

    9. (n=80) (n=74).

    ,

    81,8%,

    63% 62,3%. 26% 24,7%. 7,8%.

    , (65%), (30%) (11%) 59,5%, 18,9% 4,1% . ,

  • 55

    (32,4%), (85,1%) (64,9%) : 20%,

    79%, 61%.

    . 11% 89% . .

    5%, 23%.

    , C, , , .

    10. (n=154).

  • 56

    10. (n=80).

    10. (n=74).

    .

  • 57

    2. .

    (n=80) (n=74) (n=154)

    13,8% 12,2% 13%

    21,2% 32,4% 26,6% 52,5% 47,3% 50% 12,5% 5,4% 9,1% 0% 2,7% 1,3%

    3. .

    (n=80) (n=74) (n=154)

    28,8% 20,3% 24,7%

    35% 36,5% 35,7% 15% 18,9% 16,9% 11,2% 5,4% 8,4% 10% 18,9% 14,3%

    , 52,5% 47,3 . 35,7% , 24,7% .

    .

    .

    , ,

    .

  • 58

    4. ;

    (n=80) (n=74) (n=154) 21,2% 20,3% 20,8%

    78,8% 79,7% 79,2%

    , 3 .

    .

    .

    11. (n=80).

    .

    88,8% 35% .

    8 . .

    10,5 . 3 .

  • 59

    12. (n=74).

    13. / (n=74).

  • 60

    14. / (n=74).

    73%

    .

    . , 87,8% ,

    37,8% , 33,8% 28,4% .

  • 61

    EAT-26, (n=154), 20 . 13%. ,

    (n=80), 12, 15%. (n=74), 8, 11%.

    5 5 EAT-26. .

    5 .

    .

    ,

    EAT-26 20.

    5. EAT-26. ( )

    (n=80) (n=74) (n=154)

    EAT-26 10,72 (7,47) 10,78 (7,98) 10,75 (7,69)

    0,42 (0,42) 0,40 (0,39) 0,41 (0,41)

    0,41 (0,37) 0,43 (0,42) 0,42 (0,39)

    0,37 (0,41) 0,44 (0,44) 0,41 (0,42)

    ( ). Mann-Whitney U test.

    5

  • 62

    . ,

    ,

    EAT-26 .

    5. EAT-26. ( )

    (n=134)

    (n=20)

    (n=154)

    EAT-26 8,43 (4,53) 26,35 (6,24)* 10,75 (7,69)

    0,30 (0,27) 1,14 (0,43)* 0,41 (0,41)

    0,35 (0,29) 0,90 (0,60)* 0,42 (0,39)

    0,33 (0,32) 0,89 (0,68)* 0,41 (0,42)

    ( ). Mann-Whitney U test. *p

  • 63

    , .

    6. MBSRQ Collins. ( )

    (n=80) (n=74) (n=154)

    2,91 (0,31) 2,88 (0,27) 2,89 (0,29)

    3,31 (0,32) 3,32 (0,32) 3,31 (0,32)

    2,92 (0,35) 3,07 (0,34)* 2,99 (0,36)

    2,93 (0,35) 3,05 (0,32)* 2,99 (0,34)

    3,28 (0,38) 3,30 (0,35) 3,29 (0,37)

    3,46 (0,59) 3,60 (0,42) 3,53 (0,52)

    2,89 (0,41) 2,88 (0,52) 2,88 (0,47)

    COLLINS 1 3,94 (0,80) 3,71 (0,91) 3,83 (0,86) COLLINS 2 3,14 (0,55) 3,07 (0,67) 3,10 (0,62) COLLINS 3 3,14 (0,55) 3,04 (0,65) 3,09 (0,60) 1,85 (0,60) 1,80 (0,55) 1,82 (0,57) ( ). Mann-Whitney U test. *p

  • 64

    6

    MBSRQ Collins.

    :

    1%,

    p

  • 65

    6. MBSRQ Collins. (

    )

    (n=134)

    (n=20)

    (n=154)

    2,89 (0,30) 2,93 (0,25) 2,89 (0,29)

    3,29 (0,31) 3,51 (0,32)** 3,31 (0,32)

    2,98 (0,35) 3,06 (0,43) 2,99 (0,36)

    2,98 (0,34) 3,04 (0,33) 2,99 (0,34)

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    3,45 (0,47) 4,05 (0,51)*** 3,53 (0,52)

    2,84 (0,46) 3,16 (0,42)** 2,88 (0,47)

    COLLINS 1 3,85 (0,87) 3,70 (0,80) 3,83 (0,86) COLLINS 2 3,14 (0,60) 2,85 (0,67) 3,10 (0,62) COLLINS 3 3,11 (0,58) 2,95 (0,69) 3,09 (0,60) 1,84 (0,58) 1,75 (0,55) 1,82 (0,57) ( ). Mann-Whitney U test. *p

  • 66

    0,73 0,74 .

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  • 67

    7 7 ,

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  • 68

    ,

    (EAT-26, STAI, ROSENBERG, MBSRQ, COLLINS).

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    0,177*

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    *p

  • 69

    9. EAT-26 ,

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    0,225**

    0,188*

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    *p

  • 70

    11,

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    Spearmans rho

    EAT-26 0,260** Rosenberg -0,545** Collins 2 -0,171* Collins 3 -0,165* *p

  • 71

    :

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  • 72

    ( ) .

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  • 73

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    Model B Std.Error Beta 1(Constant) -24,799 5,945 -4,171 0,000***

    STAI 0,227 0,073 0,230 3,107 0,002** MBSRQ6 4,998 1,104 0,337 4,526 0,000*** MBSRQ7 3,053 1,217 0,185 2,509 0,013*

    *p

  • 74

    15. ROSENBERG

    (n=154).

    : ROSENBERG

    Coefficients Unstandardized

    Coefficients Standardized

    Coefficients t Sig

    Model B Std.Error Beta 1(Constant) 28,721 4,026 7,133 0,000***

    STAI -0,308 0,034 -0,568 -9,001 0,000*** MBSRQ2 1,828 0,873 0,139 2,094 0,038* MBSRQ5 1,801 0,757 0,159 2,378 0,019*

    COLLINS1 -,181 0,385 0,037 0,470 0,639 COLLINS2 2,030 0,849 0,297 2,391 0,018* COLLINS3 -1,280 0,898 -0,181 -1,427 0,156 *p

  • 75

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  • 76

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  • 77

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  • 78

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  • 79

    7.4 :

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  • 80

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  • 81

    :

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    Drinkwater L.B., (2000). The encyclopedia of sports medicine- Women in Sports. MPG Books Ltd, Bodmin Cornwall.

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